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COLONEL- MALCOLM 

OF POLTALLOCH 




CAMPBELL 
COLLECTION 



v 



/ 

A 



Rioghachca emeaNN. 



ANNALS 



OP 



THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND, 

BY THE FOUR MASTERS, 



FROM 



THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE YEAR 1616. 



EDITED PROM KSS. IN IKE LIBRAE! OP THE ROYAL IRISH ACADEMY AND OF TRINITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN, WITH 

A TRANSLATION, AND COPIOUS NOTES, 

BY JOHN O'DONOVAN, LLD., M.RI.A., 

BAEEISTEE AT LAW. 



"Olim Kegibui panbant, none per Prindpes factionibos et studiis trahnntur : nee alind adversus validiirimaa gentes 
pro nob'a utilius. quam quod in commune non consulont. Rams doabos tribusve cmtatibos ad propnlsandnm commune 
periculum conventus . ita dam singuli pagnant turn-era vincnntnr." TACITUS, AGBICOLA, c. 12. 



SECOND EDITION. 

VOL. I. 

DUBLIN: 
HODGES, SMITH, AND CO., GRAFTON-STREET. 

BOOKSELLERS TO THE UNIYEBSITT. 

1856. 



DUBLIN : 

ISrtnUB at 0>e antOergitj 

BY M. H. GILL. 



TO 

?.<:<; 
THE MOST NOBLE THE MARQUIS OF KILDARE, M.P., M.E.I.A., 

THE BIGHT HONOURABLE THE EAEL OF DUNEAVEN, M. R. I. A., 

THE REV. JAMES HENTHOEN TODD, D.D., S.F.T.C.D., M.E.I.A., 

GEORGE PETEIE, ESQ,, LL.D., Y.P.E.I.A., &R.H.A., 



AND 



JAMES HAEDIMAN, ESQ., M.R.I.A. 



MY LORDS AND SIRS, 

When Brother Michael O'Clery, the chief of the Four 
Masters, had finished the Annals of Ireland, he dedicated the work to 
Farrell O'Gara, chief of Coolavin, there being no O'Donnell in the 
country to patronize his labours ; and he adds, that his having done 
so should not excite jealousy or envy in the mind of any one, con- 
sidering the nobleness of the race from which O'Gara was sprung, 
and that it was he that rewarded the Chroniclers who assisted in the 
compilation. 

From the first moment that I undertook the present work, I had 
it in contemplation to dedicate it to some persons who had eminently 
distinguished themselves by their exertions in promoting the study 
of Irish History and Antiquities ; and I feel confident that, although 

a 



vi DEDICATION. 

there are living at the present day many of the ancient Irish, as well 
as of the Anglo-Irish race, illustrious for their birth, talents, and 
patriotism, it will excite neither jealousy nor envy in any of them 
that I should commit this work to the world under your names ; 
for you have stood prominently forward to promote the cause of an- 
cient Irish literature, at a period when it had fallen into almost 
utter neglect, and have succeeded in rescuing a very considerable 
portion of our history and antiquities from the obscurity and oblivion 
to which they had been for some time consigned. 

Permit me, then, to dedicate this work to you, that, as the Editor 
of the Annals of the Four Masters, I may be known to posterity as 
one who enjoyed your friendship, and felt grateful for the services 
you have rendered to Ireland. 

Your obedient, humble Servant, 

JOHN O'DONOVAN. 

8, NEWCOMEN PLACE, NORTH STRAND, DUBLIN, 
June 2ND, 1851. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



J.HE first part of the following Annals, ending with the year 1171, 
has already been printed by Dr. O'Conor, from the autograph original, 
which was preserved among the manuscripts of the Duke of Bucking- 
ham, at Stowe. His text, however, is full of errors ; it is printed in 
the Italic character, and the contractions of the manuscript, which 
in many places Dr. O'Conor evidently misunderstood, are allowed to 
remain, although without any attempt to represent them by a pecu- 
liar type. There are also many serious errors and defects in his Latin 
translation, arising partly from the cause just alluded to, but chiefly 
from ignorance of Irish topography and geography. 

These defects the Editor has endeavoured to correct. He has 
adopted Dr. O'Conor's text in the portion of the Annals to which it 
extends, but, not having had access to the original manuscript, he has 
corrected the errors with which it abounds by a collation of it with 
two manuscripts preserved in Dublin. The first of these is in the 
Library of Trinity College, and was made for Dr. John Fergus, of 
Dublin, in the year 1734-5*. It professes to have been transcribed 

This manuscript, which is in a large, strong, caip TTlicel O'CUipij a ^Conuene t>hum na 

and good hand, is entitled thus : " Qnnala na njall DO pheapjal O'^uopa, -| ap na acpjpfo- 

cCeicpe TTIaijipcip o'n bliaoam oaoir- DO- b'ao ap an leaBap cdaona oo Shean O'pepjupa 

main oa riiile t>a ceo cearpacac a oo, jup an a mbaile Qca cliac, 1734-5," * e - "Annals 

tnbliabain oaoip Cpiopc mile c6o peaccmojae of the Four Masters, from the year of the age of 

a haon ap na pjpfobao ap cup lap an mbpd- the world two thousand two hundred and forty- 



viii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

from the autograph of the Four Masters, then in the possession of 
Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, by Hugh O'Molloy, who was an excel- 
lent and well qualified scribe. The other is in the Library of the 
Royal Irish Academy, and was also made at Belanagare, under the 
inspection of Charles O'Conor, and by his own scribe. These manu- 
scripts, are, therefore, both of them, in all probability, copies of the 
same autograph original from which Dr. O'Conor, in the third volume 
of the Rerum Hibernicarum Scriptores, has derived his text ; and they 
have enabled the Editor to correct many errors, both in the Irish and 
in the translation. 

The text of the remaining portion of the Annals, extending from 
the year 1172 to 1616, has been, for the first time, printed in this 
publication. It is derived from the autograph manuscript preserved 
in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, compared with another 
autograph copy in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. The 
former manuscript was purchased at the sale of the late Mr. Austin 
Cooper, by George Petrie, Esq., LL.D., and by him deposited in the 
Library of the Academy. The Editor cannot give a better account of 
this important manuscript than in the words of Dr. Petrie, by whose 
permission he reprints here the paper read by that gentleman to the 
Academy. 

" TO THE PRESIDENT AND MEMBEES OF THE KOYAL IRISH ACADEMY. 

" MY LORD AND GENTLEMEN, Having recently had the good fortune to 
obtain for the Eoyal Irish Academy the most important remain of our ancient 
literature, the original autograph of a portion of the first part or volume, and 
the whole of the second volume of the work usually designated the Annals of 
the Four Masters, I feel it incumbent on me to lay before you a statement of 
the proofs of its authenticity, together with such circumstances connected with 
its history, as have hitherto come within my knowledge. 

two to the year of the Age of Christ one thou- of Donegal, for Fearghal O'Gadhra, and tran- 
*and one hundred and seventy-one, written first scribed from the same book for John O'Fergusa 
by the Friar Michael O'Clery, in the convent in Dublin 1734-5 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. ix 

" With regard, in the first place, to our acquisition being the undoubted 
autograph original of this most invaluable work, it is to be observed that the 
manuscript itself furnishes the most satisfactory internal evidences for such a 
conclusion, evidences even more decisive than those which have been brought 
forward in support of the autograph originality of the first part, now the chief 
treasure of the magnificent library of his Grace the Duke of Buckingham, and 
which has recently been published through the munificence of that patriotic 
nobleman. 

" In the front of these evidences we find the dedication of the whole work 
to Fergal O'Gara, Lord of Moy O'Gara and Coolavin, in the county of Sligo, 
the chieftain under whose patronage, and for whose use, the Annals were com- 
piled ; and this dedication, not a copy in the hand of an ordinary scribe, but 
committed to the peculiar durability of parchment, and wholly in the hand- 
writing and signed with the proper signature of Michael O'Clery, the chief of 
the Four Masters who were employed in its compilation. As this dedication 
throws much light on the history of the work, and has not been hitherto pub- 
lished entire, I shall take leave to introduce it here, as literally translated by 
the venerable Charles O'Conor : 

" ' I invoke the Almighty God, that he may pour down every blessing, 
corporal and spiritual, on Ferall O'Gara, Tiern (Lord) of Moy O'Gara and 
Culavinne, one of the two knights elected to represent the county of Sligo in 
the Parliament held in Dublin, this present year of our Lord, 1634. 

" ' In every country enlightened by civilization, and confirmed therein 
through a succession of ages, it has been customary to record the events pro- 
duced by time. For sundry reasons, nothing was deemed more profitable or 
honourable than to study and peruse the works of ancient writers, who gave a 
faithful account of the great men who figured on the stage of life in preceding 
ages, that posterity might be informed, how their forefathers have employed 
their time, how long they continued in power, and how they have finished 
their days. 

" ' I, Michael O'Clery, brother of the Order of St. Francis (through ten 
years employed under obedience to my several provincials in collecting mate- 
rials for our Irish Hagiology), have waited on you, noble Ferall O'Gara, as I 
was well acquainted with your zeal for the glory of God, and the credit of 

b 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

your country. I perceived the anxiety you suffer from the cloud which at 
present han<m over our ancient Milesian race ; a state of things which has 
occasioned the ignorance of many, relative to the lives of the holy men, who, 
in former times, have been the ornaments of our island ; the general ignorance 
also of our civil history, and of the monarchs, provincial kings, tigherns (lords), 
and toisachs (chieftains), who flourished in this country through a succession 
of ages, with equal want of knowledge in the synchronism necessary for 
throwing light on the transactions of each. In your uneasiness on this subject 
I have informed you, that I entertained -hopes of joining to my own labours 
the assistance of the antiquarians I held most in esteem, for compiling a body 
of Annals, wherein those matters should be digested under their proper heads ; 
judging that should such a compilation be neglected at present, or consigned 
to a future time, a risk might be run that the materials for it should never 
again be brought together. In this idea I have collected the most authentic 
Annals I could find in my travels through the kingdom (and, indeed, the task 
was difficult). Such as I have obtained are arranged in a continued series, 
and I commit them to the world under your name, noble O'Gara, who stood 
forward in patronising this undertaking ; you it was who set the antiquarians 
to work, and most liberally paid them for their labour, in arranging and tran- 
scribing the documents before them, in the convent of Dunagall, where the 
Fathers of that house supplied them with the necessary refreshments. In 
truth every benefit derivable from our labours is due to your protection and 
bounty ; nor should it excite jealousy or envy that you stand foremost in this 
as in other services you have rendered your country ; for by your birth you 
are a descendant of the race of Heber, which gave Ireland thirty monarchs, 
and sixty-one of which race have died in the odour of sanctity. Eighteen of 
those holy men are. traced to your great ancestor Teig, the son of Kian, and 
grandson of the celebrated Olioll-Olam, who died King of Munster, A. D. 260. 
The posterity of that Teig have had great establishments in every part of 
Ireland, viz. : the race of Cormac Galeng, in Leyny of Conaght, from whom 
you are descended, as well as the O'Haras of the same Leyny, and the O'Haras 
of the Rout ; the O'Carrolls also of Ely, and the O'Conors of Kianachta Glen- 
gevin, in Ulster. In proof of your noble extraction, here follows your genealogy. 
" ' Ferall O'Gara, thou art the son of Teig, &c. &c. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xi 

" ' On the 22nd January, 1632, this work was undertaken in the convent of 
Dunagall, and was finished in the same convent on the 10th of August, 1636. 

" ' I am thine most affectionately, 

" ' BROTHER MICHAEL O'CLERY.' 

" Immediately following this dedication we are presented with the original 
certificate or testimonium of the superiors of the Franciscan convent of Dunagal, 
in which the Annals were compiled, signed with their autograph signatures, as 
on the said 10th of August, 1636. This, too, is written on parchment, and has 
also affixed to it the signature of O'Donell, Prince of Tirconnell" b [recte, Brother 
Bonaventure O'Donnell Jubilate Reader] ; " and while I feel it necessary to my 
purpose to transcribe this testimonium (which I also give in the translation of 
Mr. O'Conor), I beg that those interested in the question will observe how 
considerably it differs in its wording from that prefixed to the Stowe Manu- 
script, and how far more copious it is in its information relative to the sources 
from which the work was compiled. 

" ' The Fathers of the Franciscan Order, subscribers hereunto, do certify 
that Ferall O'Gara was the nobleman who prevailed on Brother Michael O'Clery 
to bring together the antiquaries and chronologers, who compiled the following 
Annals (such as it was in their power to collect), and that Ferall O'Gara afore- 
said rewarded them liberally for their labour. 

" ' This collection is divided into two parts, and from the beginning to the 
end has been transcribed in the convent of the brothers of Dunagall, who sup- 
plied the transcribers with the necessary viands. The first volume was begun 
in the same convent, A. D. 1632, when Father Bernardin O'Clery was guardian 
thereof. 

" ' The antiquaries and chronologers who were the collectors and transcri- 
bers of this work we attest to be Brother Michael O'Clery ; Maurice O'Maol- 

b Prince of Tirconndl. In consequence of the O'Conor. When Dr. Petrie bought the manu- 

time-stained condition of this piece of parchment script, it was a mere unbound roll ; its margins 

when Dr. Petrie's paper was written, it was not worn away by damp. It has been since restored, 

easy to decipher these words, and it was, there- under Dr. Petrie's direction; and the manuscript, 

fore, very natural that he should rely on the bound in whole Russia, is now in a state of per- 

authority of the venerable Charles O'Conor of feet beauty, as well as in a condition to bid defi- 

Belanagare, and that of his grandson, Dr. Charles ance to the hand of time for centuries ED. 

b2 



Xll 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



conary, the son of Torna, who assisted during a month ; Fergus Maolconary 
the son of Lochlan also, and both those antiquaries were of the county c 
Roscommon ; Cucogry O'Clery, another assistant, was of the county of Dunagall, 
as was Cucogry O'Duigenan, of the county of Leitrim ; Conary Clery, like- 
wise of the county of Dunagall. 

' The old books they collected were the Annals of Clonmacnoise, an abbey 
founded by holy Kiaran, son of the Carpenter ; the Annals of the Island of 
Saints on the Lake of Rive ; the Annals of Senat Mac Magnus, on the Lake 
of Erne (now called the Ulster Annals); the Annals of the O'Maolconarys ; 
the Annals of Kilronan, compiled by the O'Duigenans. These antiquarians had 
also procured the Annals of Lacan, compiled by the Mac Firbisses (after tran- 
scribing the greater part of the first volume), and from those Lacan Annals 
they supplied what they thought proper in the blanks they left for any occasional 
information they could obtain. The Annals of Clonmacnoise, and those of the 
Island of Saints, came down no farther than the year of our Lord 1227. 

" ' The second part of this work commences with the year of our Lord 
1208 ; and began to be transcribed in the present year, 1635, when Father 
Christopher Dunlevy was guardian ; and these Annals were continued down 
to the year 1608, when Father Bernardin O'Clery was, for the second time, 
elected Guardian. 

" ' Brother Michael O'Clery above mentioned, Cucogry O'Clery, and Conary 
O'Clery, have been the transcribers .of the Annals from 1332 to 1608. The 
books from which they transcribed have been the greater part of O'Maolconary's 
book, ending with the year 1505 ; the book of the O'Duigenans aforesaid, from 
the year 900 to 1563 ; the book of Senate Mac Magnus, ending with 1532 ; a 
part also of the book of Cucogry, the son of Dermot O'Clery, from the year 
1281 to 1537 ; the book likewise of Maolin og Mac Bruodin, from the year 
1588 to 1603 ; the book, moreover, of Lugad O'Clery, from 1586 to 1602. All 
those books we have seen in the hands of the antiquaries, who have been the 
compilers of the present work, together with other documents, too many to be 
mentioned. In proof of what we have here set forth, we have hereunto annexed 
our manual signatures, in the convent of Dunagall, August the 10th, 1636. 

Signed, " ' BERNARDINUS O'CLERY, Guardianus, Dungallensis. 

" ' BROTHER MAURICE DUULEVY, $c. #c.' 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

" Before we proceed further, let us reflect for a moment on the matter fur- 
nished by those interesting documents, to which the writers were so anxious 
to give all possible durability. How prophetic were the just apprehensions of 
that chief compiler, ' that if the work were then neglected, or consigned to a 
future time, a risk might be run that the materials for it should never again be 
brought together.' Such, indeed, would have been the sad result. Those fearful 
predictions were made on the very eve of that awful rebellion which caused a 
revolution of property, and an extent of human affliction, such, perhaps, as no 
other country ever experienced. In that unhappy period, nearly all the original 
materials of this compilation probably perished, for one or two of them only 
have survived to our times. Even this careful transcript was supposed to have 
shared the same fate, and its recent discovery may be considered as the result 
of a chance almost miraculous ! What a solemn lesson, then, is here given us 
of the necessity of giving durability, while yet in our power, to the surviving 
historical remains of our country, and thereby placing them beyond the reach 
of a fate otherwise almost inevitable. To me it appears a sacred duty on cul- 
tivated minds to do so. Had this compilation been neglected, or had it, as 
was supposed, shared the fate of its predecessors, what a large portion of our 
history would have been lost to the world for ever ! 

" But to proceed. It is to be most pertinently observed, that, from the above 
testimonium, it appears that, in the original manuscripts, the writers left blanks 
for the purpose of inserting subsequently any occasional information they might 
obtain ; and by a reference to the manuscript now under consideration, it will 
be found that such blanks have been frequently filled up in various parts of the 
volume. 

" Secondly, We learn from this testimonium, that, contrary to the opinion 
of Doctor O'Conor and others who have written on the subject, the second 
part or volume commenced, not, as they state, with the year 1172, but with the 
year 1208. So we find it is in our manuscript, in which the period from 1170 
to 1208 is substantially divided from the subsequent annals, not only by the 
aforesaid dedication and testimonium, but also by a heading prefixed as to the 
commencement of the second volume. 

' Thirdly, The testimonium states that Michael O'Clery, Cucogry O'Clery, 
and Conary O'Clery, were the transcribers of the Annals from the year 1332 






xiv INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

to the year 1608 ; and by a reference to our manuscript we shall find, not only 
that the writing of those three scribes is strongly marked by their individual 
characteristics, but also be able, by a comparison with any of our own manu- 
scripts, in the handwriting of Cucogry O'Clery, to ascertain what portions of 
the Annals were so written by that admirable scribe. 

" I have to add to these evidences another of yet greater importance, namely, 
that a great number of loose leaves accompany the volume, which, on exami- 
nation, prove to be the first extracts from the original ancient documents, copied 
out without much regard to order or chronological arrangement, previously to 
their being regularly transferred to the work. There are also additions in the 
handwriting of Michael O'Clery , the chief of the Four Masters, bringing the 
Annals down as late as the year 1616, which appears to have been the last 
entry ever made in the volume. 

" These evidences will, I trust, be deemed amply sufficient to establish the 
fact of this manuscript being the veritable original autograph of this important 
work, written, as the title now prefixed to the Trinity College copy properly 
states, ad mum Fergalli OGara. The circumstances relative to its history, 
which I shall now have the honour to submit, will enable us, I think, to trace 
its possession with tolerable certainty to the last direct representative of the 
family of its illustrious patron. 

" It has been hitherto generally believed that no perfect copy of the Second 
Part of the Annals of the Four Masters was in existence, and that the mutilated 
volume in the College Library, which is deficient in the years preceding 1335, 
and was never carried farther than the year 1605, was the only original to be 
found. The recent acquisition to our valuable collection of manuscripts of a 
perfect transcript of the whole of the work, proved the supposition to be an 
error, and that at the period when it was transcribed an original autograph of 
the second volume had been in existence. 

' Michael O'Clery. This should be, "in the of Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, intimating 

handwriting of Conary, the brother of Michael that Mary deBurgo, daughter of the Earlof Clan- 

Clery." The last part of the work in which rickard, was the mother of Teige O'fiourke. The 

the handwriting of Michael O'Clery appears, is remaining years to the end (thelast being 1616) 

the last nine lines of the year 1605. The last line are in the hand of Conary O'Clery, as indeed is 

in the same year is an interpolation, in the hand the greater part of the second volume._E D . 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. XV 

" In each of the volumes of this transcript we find an advertisement by the 
Chevalier O'Gorman, for whom the copy was made, stating that ' the original 
of the first volume was the property of Charles O'Conor, Esq., of Belanagare ; 
and the original of the second, that of the Right Honourable Colonel William 
Burton Conyngham, who lent it to Chevalier O'Gorman, by whom it was duly 
returned to Colonel Conyngham, but has been since mislaid.' Thus far we can 
trace our manuscript, as being the original from which the Chevalier's copy, 
now in our possession, was transcribed ; and its ownership to Colonel Burton 
Conyngham, whose library passed, subsequently, into the hands of the late 
Mr. Austin Cooper, at whose recent sale the work was acquired. The Chevalier 
O'Gorman's advertisement is without date, but a certificate, in the handwriting 
of Charles O'Conor, Esq., is prefixed, stating that the transcript was made for 
the use of his friend, the Chevalier O'Gorman, in his house at Belanagare : 
' This,' he says, ' I testify in Dublin, May the 10th, 1 78 1.' Now, it is remarkable 
that, from a letter written by the Chevalier O'Gorman to Charles O'Conor, dated 
January 10, 1781, the same year (published in the Testimonia to the first volume 
of the Annals in the Rerum Hib. Scriptores), we learn that our manuscript was, 
at that time, ' the property' of Charles O'Conor. In this letter the Chevalier 
says : ' I have seen Gorman' (the Scribe) ' this morning ; I find he has copied 
but the first volume of the Four Masters, which Colonel Burton told me you 
were pleased to return to him. I expected he would not only have copied the 
second, but also the Annals of Connaught, both your property.' From this it 
appears certain that our manuscript had belonged to Charles O'Conor, pre- 
viously to its being transferred to the possession of Colonel Conyngham ; but 
for what reason that transfer was made it is not for me to conjecture. 

" Let us now proceed a little earlier, and we shall find that Mr. O'Conor 
got the original copy of the Annals made for the O'Gara, from the direct repre- 
sentative of that lord, as early as the year 1734. In the Prolegomena to the 
first volume of the Rerum Hib. Scriptores, p. 51, the following extract is given 
from a letter written by Charles O'Conor to Doctor Curry, and dated Roscom- 
mon, July the 16th, 1756 : 'In regard to the Four Masters, I shall write to 
Colonel O'Gara, in St. Sebastian, where he is quartered with his regiment, and 
reproach him with giving more of his confidence to a little ignorant ecclesiastic 
than to me, his nearest relation in this kingdom, his father and mine being 



XVI 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



brother and sister's children. I got that work in 1734, through the interest of 
Bishop O'Rourke, my uncle.' It is remarkable that this same letter is again 
quoted in the 'Testimonia' prefixed to the Annals, in the second volume of the 
same work, but as addressed, not to Doctor Curry, but to a Mr. O'Reilly. It 
also differs in the wording, as will appear from the following extract : ' I shall 
write to Colonel O'Gara, &c.' ' This expedient will, I hope, confirm the book 
(the Annals of the Four Masters) to me.' From this it would appear that, 
though he had gotten the work from the O'Gara family, as early as 1734, there 
was, nevertheless, a claim put forward relative to it, on the part of some branch 
of that family, so late as 1756. In the same ' Testimonial p. 11, Doctor O'Conor 
quotes his grandfather as writing that he obtained the work in 1734, from Brian 
O'Gara, Archbishop of Tuam, viz. : 

'' ' Liber hie nunc pertinet ad Cathaldum juniorem O'Conor, filium Don- 
chadi, &c., et ejusdem libri possessio tributa fuit ei per Brianum O'Gara, Archi- 
episcopum praslarum Tuamias, A. D. 1734. 

" ' CATHALDUS O'CONOR.' 

" And in the memoirs of his grandfather, written by Doctor O'Conor, there 
is the following passage : ' Colonel O'Gara, who commanded a regiment under 
James the Second, made a present of the Four Masters to Doctor O'Rourke, 
Mr. O'Conor's uncle, who gave it to him ; it is now in his library, and an auto- 
graph.' Memoirs, p. 256. 

" Lastly, In his account of the manuscripts in the Stowe Library, Doctor 
O'Conor says : ' This volume was carried into Spain by Colonel O'Gara, who 
commanded the Irish regiment of Hibernia, in the Spanish service, in 1734. He 
sent it to his relative, the late Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, as the person 
best qualified to make use of it' 

" In these various accounts there is evidently some mystification 11 or error, 

" Mystification. It is quite clear that there now deposited in the Library of the Royal Irish 

were several copies of these Annals made by the Academy. Dr. Lyons sent a trace of the last 

Four Masters, for, besides the copy of the first page of the first volume of these Annals at Rome, 

volume preserved at Stowe, there is another, showing the exact size of the page and the cha- 

equally authentic and original, in the College of racter of the writing. This trace contains the 

St. Isidore, at Rome, with the proper attests- entire of the year 1169, and, on comparing it 

tions, as appears from Dr. Lyons' letters from with the Academy and College copies of these 

Rome, addressed to the Editor and to Dr. Todd, Annals, it was found that they do not agree in 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xvii 

which it is not easy to understand ; but the object in all seems to be, to prove, 
first, that the original autograph of the Four Masters, belonging to the O'Gara 
family, was given to Mr. O'Conor ; and secondly, that the volume now at Stowe 
was that very one so obtained. The first of these positions may be readily 
granted, the second, however, appears to me to be extremely doubtful, and for 
the following reasons : Bishop Nicholson, in his Irish Historical Library, pub- 
lished in 1724, describes that very volume as being then in the Irish manuscript 
collection of Mr. John Conry (or O'Maolconaire), a descendant of one of the 
compilers, who had also in his possession the imperfect copy of the second 
volume, now deposited in the Library of Trinity College. Doctor O'Conor 
himself acknowledges this fact in the ' Testimonial and indeed it does not admit 
of a doubt. 

" What claim, then, we may ask, could the O'Gara family have to these 
volumes ? And how could Colonel O'Gara have carried them into Spain ? 
And how could he, or the Archbishop, bestow the former on any one ? 

" Moreover, we find that in seven years after, that is, in 1731, those manu- 
scripts of Conry's were on sale, and that Charles O'Conor appears to have been 
the purchaser. In that year he writes thus to his friend, Doctor Fergus, relative 
to their purchase for him : ' Dear Sir, I beg you will take the trouble of pur- 
chasing for me Conry's manuscripts, now in the hands of Charles O'Neill,' &c. ; 
and, further on, he says : ' I again request that you will be active in procuring 
for me Conry's manuscripts ; my collection is very imperfect, and I wish to save 
as many as I can of the ancient manuscripts of Ireland from the wreck that has 
almost overwhelmed everything that once belonged to us.' Memoir of Charles 
O'Conor, p. 17$. That he did succeed in possessing himself of these manu- 
scripts can hardly admit of a doubt, as most of them can be traced as belonging 
to him subsequently. It was the same Doctor Fergus, to whom this letter was 
addressed, that, as Mr. O'Conor states, put the first volume of the Annals into 
better condition for him in 1734 (the very year in which he got the work from 
Bishop O'Rourke), giving it, as he said, ' vigour enough to outlive another cen- 

* 

the size of the page or number of lines on the dence that the copy at Rome is not a counter- 
page, this being about an inch and a half longer part of either of those in Dublin. It was pro- 
and somewhat broader than the other, and con- bably the first volume of the copy sent out to 
taining thirty lines. This affords strong evi- Ward, and used by Colgan. 

C 



XV111 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



tury ' And it was from the hands of the same gentleman, Doctor Fergus, that 
the imperfect copy of the second volume, together with other works of Conry's 
collection, which had undoubtedly been the property of Mr. O'Conor, passed 
into the Library of Trinity College. That Mr. O'Conor should have parted 
with that mutilated volume will not appear strange, if we account for it by 
the supposition of his having had our perfect volume in his possession at the 

time. 

" It is of importance to this sketch also to add, that the first volume, now 
at Stowe, as well as the second in Trinity College, afford internal evidences of 
their being, not the original autograph of the work, but transcripts made by 
one of the writers for his own individual use. These internal evidences are, 
that the volume in Trinity College Library is written uniformly throughout by 
tlie same hand"; and we have the testimony of Doctor Fergus prefixed to it, 
stating that the second volume agrees in every respect, as to paper, writing, 
&c. &c., with the first volume now at Stowe. In this Doctor O'Conor concurs, 
who says emphatically, it is all in the one hand the hand of Michael O'Clery. 
Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts, Further, it is to be observed, that those 
volumes were evidently transcribed from the originals before the work was 
entirely completed, for there are no entries after the year 1605, though the 
dates are placed at the tops of succeeding pages for some years later, and 
the blanks left to be filled up whenever any additional information might 
be procured, have never received such additions as they have in our Manu- 
script. It should be remarked also, that the certificate and dedication pre- 
fixed to the Stowe Manuscript are written on paper, not parchment, as in our 
Manuscript. 

" Under all these circumstances, I trust I shall not be deemed rash in con- 
cluding, that the Manuscript now bought for the Academy is not only the 
original autograph of the work, but also, that there is scarcely a doubt of its 
being the very copy which passed from the representative of the O'Gara family 
into the hands of Mr. Charles O'Conor, and which subsequently became the 

' By the same hand. At the first inspection most part in the hand of Conary O'Clery; but 

this would appear to be the case ; but the that the hands of Brother Michael O'Clery and 

Editor had occasion to examine this copy mi- Cucogry or Peregrine O'Clery, appear also in in- 

nutely and carefully, and found that it is for the numerable places throughout the volume. Eu. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xix 

property of Colonel Burton Conyngham, at the recent sale of whose books I 
had the good fortune to purchase it. 

" I have now no ordinary feeling of pleasure in resigning to its most proper 
depository, the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, this truly inestimable 
work, which, in the words of Mr. O'Reilly, ' is far above all our other Annals 
in point of value ;' and as I have had the good fortune to purchase this work 
at my own risk, and might, by letting it pass out of the country, have been a 
great pecuniary gainer, I trust it will not be deemed presumption in me to 
indulge the hope, that the resignation of it will be received as a memorial of 
my attachment to the ancient literature of my country, and of my zeal for the 
interests of the learned body to which I feel it so great an honour to belong. 

"March 5, 1831." " GEORGE PETKIE. 

Before concluding these preliminary remarks, it will be necessary 
to give some account of the antiquaries by whom these Annals were 
compiled, and who are now known as THE FOUR MASTERS, although 
it is evident they never themselves assumed the name. That title 
was first given them by Colgan, who explains his reasons for so 
doing, in the preface to his Acta Sanctorum, to be presently cited ; to 
which we may add, that Quatuor Magistri had been long previously 
applied by the medical writers of the middle ages to the four masters 
of the medical sciences, and that this circumstance probably suggested 
to Colgan the appellation he has given to the compilers of these 
Annals. 

The FOUR MASTERS, who were the authors of the following work, 
were Michael, Conary, and Cucogry O'Clery, together with Ferfeasa 
O'Mulconry, of whom we shall now proceed to give some account, 
in the order in which they have been named. 

For the general pedigree of the O'Clerys of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne 
and Tirconnell, taken from the genealogical manuscripts of Cucogry 
O'Clery, now preserved in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, 
the reader is referred to Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy- 

c2 



XX 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



Fiachrach, printed for the Irish Archaeological Society in 1844, 

pp. 71-91. 

The O'Clerys were descended from Guaire Aidhne, surnamed the 
Hospitable, King of Connaught in the seventh century, and were 
originally seated in the territory of Hy-Fiachrach- Aidhne, now the 
diocese of Kilmacduagh, in the county of Galway, to which territory 
they had supplied several distinguished chieftains ; but they were 
driven from thence by the De Burgos, shortly after the English inva- 
sion. Some of them settled in the neighbourhood of Kilkenny, where 
their descendants were literary men and antiquaries in 1453, for in 
that year one of them, John Boy O'Clery, transcribed the Psalter of 
Cashel for Edmond Mac Richard Butler, at Pottlesrath, in the county 
of Kilkenny ; a manuscript now preserved in the Bodleian Library. 
Others of them migrated to Breifny-O'Reilly, now the county of 
Cavan ; and a third party settled under O'Dowda, in Tirawley and 
Tireragh, where, in 1458, John O'Clery of Lackan was agent to 
O'Dowda. See Hy-Fiachrach, p. 125. 

Of this Tirawley branch, an individual named Cormac Mac Dermot 
O'Clery, who was a proficient in the Civil and Canon Laws, removed, 
a short time previous to the year 1382, to Tirconnell, where he became 
a great favourite with the monks and ecclesiastics of the monastery 
of Assaroe, near Ballyshannon, by whom he appears to have been 
employed as a professor of both laws. During his stay at Assaroe, the 
youthful professor formed an acquaintance withO'Sgingin, O'Donnell's 
ollav or chief professor in history, whose ancestors had enjoyed this 
employment from a remote period. At this time, however, there 
existed no male representative of the family of O'Sgingin but the old 
historical ollav, who had an only daughter, whom he consented to 
give in marriage to the young O'Clery, without requiring of him a 
tinnscra, or dower (i. e. the portion to be paid to the wife's father by 
the husband, according to the ancient Irish custom), except the fulfil- 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxi 

ment of the condition, that whatever male child should be first born to 
them should be sent to learn and study history, in order that he might 
become the heir of O'Sgingin. O'Clery promised to comply with 
this request, and faithfully kept his promise. He had by O'Sgingin's 
daughter a son, who, at the request of his maternal grandfather, 
was named Gilla-Brighde, after his mother's brother, the intended 
chief historian of Tirconnell, who had died some time before, in the 
year 1382. This Gilla-Brighde became ollav to O'Donnell in history, 
and was succeeded by his son, Gillareagh, who was succeeded by his 
son, Dermot O'Clery, surnamed " of the Three Schools," because he 
kept a school for teaching general literature, a school of history, and 
a school of poetry. This Dermot became so distinguished and so 
popular, that O'Donnell (Niall, the son of Turlough of the Wine\ to 
enable him to increase his establishment, made him a grant of the 
lands of Creevagh, in the parish of Kilbarron, in addition to what he 
had inherited from O'Sgingin. Dermot of the Three Schools was 
succeeded by his son, Teige Cam O'Clery, who had three sons dis- 
tinguished for their hospitality, wealth, and erudition, and who built 
a castle and other stone edifices on the hereditary lands of Kilbarron, 
some fragments of the ruins of which are still to be seen. For a view 
of these remains, see the Irish Penny Journal for January 16th, 1841, 
p. 225. 

They also possessed the lands of Carrownacughtragh, Carrowan- 
ticlogh, the glebe of Kildoney, free from any tithes to the Bishop of 
Raphoe, the quarter of Coolremuir, and the quarter of Drumancrinn, 
in the plain of Moy-Ene, on the south side of the River Erne, near 
Ballyshannon. See Inquisition taken at Lifford on the 12th of Sep- 
tember, 1609; and Genealogies, $c., of Hy-Fiachrach, pp. 79-83. 

The descent of the three O'Clerys, who, with Ferfeasa O'Mulconry, 
were the Quatuor Magistri of Colgan, will appear from the following 
table : 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 



1. Dermot of the Three Schools O'Clery, 
chief of his sept. 

2. Teige Cam, chief, 
d. 1492. 



3. Dermot. 



4. Cucogry O'Clery, 
fl. 1546. 



3. Tuathal O'Clery, 
chief, d. 1512. 



4. Teige Cam, chief, 
d. s. p. m. 1565. 



4. William O'Clery. 

5. Donough O'Clery. 



6. Conary O'Clery, 
one of the Four 
Masters. 



6. Teige of the Mountain, i. e. 
Brother Michael, Chief of 
the Four Masters. 



5. Maccon O'Clery, 
chief, d. 1595. 

6. Lughaidh, or Lewy 
O'Clery of the Con- 
tention, chief, fl. 
1609. 

7. Cucogry, one of the 
Four Masters, d. 1 664. 

Teige-an-tsleibhe (i. e. Teige of the Mountain) O'Clery, the chief 
compiler of the following Annals, was horn about the year 1575, in 
the parish of Kilbarron, near Ballyshannon, in the county of Donegal, 
and was the fourth son of Donough O'Clery, who was the grandson of 
Tuathal O'Clery, head of the Tirconnell branch of the family, who 
died in 1512. On his admission to the religious order of St. Francis, 
he dropped his original baptismal name, according to the usual prac- 
tice on such occasions, and assumed the name of Michael. He did 
not, however, enter into holy orders, but remained a lay brother of 
the order, continuing to pursue the hereditary profession of an anti- 
quary or historian, which he had followed in secular life. And his 
pursuits received the full sanction and approbation of his superiors, 
for, soon after joining his order at Louvain, he was sent to Ireland 
by the Guardian of the Irish convent there, Hugh Ward (who was 
then himself employed in writing the lives of Irish saints), to collect 
Irish manuscripts, and other helps towards this grand undertaking. 
Brother Michael O'Clery, who was eminently qualified for this task, 
pursued his inquiry for about fifteen years, during which period he 
visited the most distinguished scholars and antiquaries then living, 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS xxiii 

and transcribed from ancient manuscripts many lives of saints, several 
genealogies, martyrologies, and other monuments ; all which he trans- 
mitted to Ward, who, however, did not live to avail himself of them 
to any great extent, for he died soon after the receipt of them, viz. 
on the 8th of November, 1635 ; but they proved of great use to the 
Rev. John Colgan, Jubilate Lecturer of Theology at Louvain, who 
took up the same subject after the death of Ward. During O'Clery's 
stay in Ireland he compiled the following works : 

1 . The Reim-Rioghraidhe, containing a Catalogue of the Kings of 
Ireland, the Genealogies of the Irish Saints, and the Irish Calendar 
of Saints' Days. This work, which Colgan describes as three works, 
was commenced in the house of Connell Mageoghegan, of Lismoyny, 
in the parish of Ardnurcher, and county of Westmeath, who was him- 
self a learned antiquary. It was carried on under the patronage of 
Turlough or Terence Mac Coghlan, Lord of Delvin Mac Coghlan, in 
the King's County, and was finished in the Franciscan convent, at 
Athlone, on the 4th of November, 1630. There is a copy of this 
work in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, and the autograph 
original is preserved in the Burgundian Library at Brussels. 

2. The Leabhar-Gabhala, or Book of Conquests. This was com- 
piled in the convent of Lisgool, near Enniskillen, in the county of 
Fermanagh, under the patronage of Brian Roe Maguire, first Baron 
of Enniskillen. In this work the O'Clerys had the assistance of Gil- 
lapatrick O'Luinin, of Ard O'Luinin, in the county of Fermanagh, 
Maguire's chief chronicler. The Testimonia and Approbations to this 
work were signed by Francis Magrath, Guardian of Lisgool, on the 
22nd of December, 1631, and by Flann, the son of Carbry Mac Egan, 
of Bally-mac-Egan, in Lower Ormond, on the 31st of August, 1631. 
There is a beautiful copy of this work, in the handwriting of Cucogry 
or Peregrine O'Clery, now in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy. 
It had been sold, or given away for some consideration in money, or 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

other value, to the late Edward O'Reilly of Harold's-cross, author of 
the Irish-English Dictionary, by the late Mr. John O'Clery of Dublin, 
a descendant of Cucogry, the annalist. This fact appears from a 
memorandum in Irish, in the handwriting of Edward O'Reilly, now 
in the possession of the Editor, and to be presently adduced. It is 
probable that there exists another autograph copy of this work, 
which was transmitted to Louvain for the use of Ward and Colgan. 

3. The Annals of Ireland, called by Colgan Annales Quatuor Magis- 
trorum and Annales Dungallenses, the work now for the first time 
printed complete. 

Besides the works above mentioned, Michael O'Clery wrote and 
printed at Louvain, in 1643, a Dictionary or Glossary of difficult and 
obsolete Irish words, under the title ofSanas-an Nuadh, which Lhwyd 
transcribed into his Irish Dictionary. Harris says that he died in 
1643. 

The foregoing facts have been principally derived from Peregrine 
O'Clery 's Genealogy of the O'Clerys, from the Dedications and Tes- 
timonia to these works, and also from Colgan's Preface to his Acta 
Sanctorum Hibernice, published in 1645, in which he gives the fol- 
lowing interesting account of Michael O'Clery and his labours. After 
speaking of the labours of Fleming and Ward in collecting and eluci- 
dating the lives of the Irish saints, he writes as follows of O'Clery : 

" Hos, quorum pia studia imitatus est, ad meritorum etiam subsequutus est 
prasmia tertius noster confrater F. Michael Clery ante paucos menses mortuus, 
vir in patriis antiquitatibus apprime versatus, cuius piis per annos multos la- 
boribus, & hoc, & reliqua quae molimur, opera plurimum debent. Hie enim 
cum esset in sseculo, professione Antiquarius, & in ea facultate inter primes 
sui temporis habitus, postquam Seraphicum nostrum institutum in hoc Loua- 
niensi Conuentu est amplexus, adhibitus est P. Vardseo coadiutor, & in hunc 
finem postea cum Superiorum licentia & obedientia in Patriam remissus est ad 
Sanctorum vitas, aliasque sacras Patriss antiquitates, (qua: vt plurimum patrio 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxv 

idiomate, eoque peruetusto, sunt scriptae) vndique eruendas & conquirendas. 
In demandata autem prouincia indefesso studio laborauit annis circiter quin- 
decim : & interea ex diuersis peruetustis patrij idiomatis Codicibus descripsit 
multas Sanctorum vitas, genealogias, tria vel quatuor diuersa & vetusta Martyro- 
logia & plura alia magnaa antiquitatis monumenta, quas denuo rescripta, hue 
ad P. Vardasum transmisit. Demum ex Superiorum mandate ad hoc deputatus, 
adiecit animum ad alias Patrias cum sacras, turn prophanas Historias & anti- 
quitates expurgandas, & meliori methodo & ordine digerendas : ex quibus cum 
adiutorio trium aliorum peritorum antiquariorum, (quos pro ternporis & loci 
opportunitate ad id munus visos aptiores, in Collegas adhibuit) compilauit, 
vel verius, cum ante fuerint k priscis Authoribus compositi, collatione plurium 
veterum Codicum repurgauit, digessit, & auxit tres recondite antiquitatis trac- 
tatus. Primus est de Regibus Hibernia3, singulorum genus mortis, annos regni, 
ordinem successionis, genealogiam, & annum mundi vel Christi, quo singuli 
decesserint, succincte referens : qui tractatus ob breuitatem potius eorundem 
Regum Cathalogus, qukm Historia nuncupandus videtur. Secundus de genea- 
logia Sanctorum Hibernian, quam in triginta septem classes sen capita distribuit, 
singulos Sanctos longa atauorum serie ad familiae, ex qua descendit, primum 
Authorem & protoparentem referens : quod idcirco Sanctilogium genealogicum, 
& quibusdam Sanctogenesim placuit appellare. Tertius agit de prunis Hibernian 
inhabitatoribus, de successiuis ejus k diluuio per diversas gentes conqua3Stibus, 
siue expugnationibus, de Regibus interea reguantibus, de bellis & praalijs inter 
hos obortis, alijsque publicis Insulas casibus & euentibus ab anno post diluuium 
278, vsque ad annum Christi 1171. 

" Cum eodem etiam Collegio, cui subinde ad tempus vnum, & aliquando duos 
alios adiecit ex vetustioribus & probatioribus Patrise Chronicis & Annalibus, 
& prsecipue ex Cluanensibus, Insulensibus, & Senatensibus ; collegit sacros & 
prophanos Hiberniaa Annales, opus plane nobile, & Patrias vtile & Honorificum, 
suamque molem alioquin satis iustam, antiquissimarum rerum fcecunda varietate, 
& succincta relatione longe superans. Proponit enim ante oculos non solum 
rei ciuilis statum, variasque vicissitudines per annos ter mille & amplius, quibus 
stetit illud antiquissimum regnum, referendo Regum, Principum & heroum 
gesta, dissidia, conflictus, praslia, obitus & annum, in quern singula inciderant ; 

d 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

XXVI 

brem dum nullus prope interea intercurrat annus, m quern non referat, vel 
^'vnius, nunc mdtorum Sanctorum, vel Episcoporum, Abbatum, ahorumque 
virorum, pietate & doctrina illustrium obitum, Ecclesiarumque nunc exstruc- 
tiones, nunc incendia, expilationes & deuastationes, plerumque per Paganum, 
& postea per h^reticum militem factas. College viri pij, vti m tnbus ante 
memoratis, ita & in hoc quarto opere, reliquis longe prastantion, pnaapui 
erant tres iam laudati, nempe Ferfessius o Moelchonaire, Peregrmus o Clery, 
& Peregrinus o Dubgennan; viri in patria antiquitate consummate eruditioms, 
& probate fidei. Accessit & his subinde cooperatio aliorum peritorum Anti- 
quariorum, D. Mauritij o Moelchonaire, qui vno mense ; & D. Conarij Clery, 
qui pluribus in eo promouendo laborauit. Sed cum Annales hi, quos nos in 
hoc Tomo, & alijs sequentibus ssepius citamus, fuerint tot Authorum opera & 
studio dispari, collecti & compilati; nee studium breuitatis permitteret singulos 
expressis nominibus semper citare, nee gequitatis ratio multorum opus vni attri- 
buere ; hinc aliquando visum est eos a loco Annales Dungallenses appellare ; 
nam iii Conventu nostro Dungallensi inchoati & consummati sunt. Sed postea 
ob alias rationes, potius ab ipsis compilatoribus, qui in facultate antiquaria 
erant quatuor peritissimi Magistri, duximus Annales Quatuor Magistrorum appel- 
landos. Tametsi enim iuxta iam dicta, plures quam quatuor ad eos expediendos 
concurrerint ; quia tamen ipse concursus erat sat dispar, & solum duo ex eis 
breui tempore, in exigua & posteriori operis parte laborarunt, alij vero quatuor 
in toto, saltern vsque ad annum 1267 (quo prior & potissima, nobisque solum 
necessaria, eius pars clauditur;) hinc sub eorum nomine ill ud citamus ; cum 
fere nunquam vel rarissime quidquam quod post ilium annum contigerit, veniat 
a nobis memorandum." 

Of the history of Conaire O'Clery, the second annalist, the Editor 
has learned nothing, except that he appears to have acted as scribe, 
and to have transcribed the greater portion of these Annals, probably 
at the dictation of his brother, or under his directions, from other 
manuscripts. He was not a member of any religious order, and ap- 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxv ii 

pears to have had no property except his learning. His descendants, 
if he left any, are unknown. . 

Cucogry or Peregrine O'Clery, the other annalist, was the head of 
the Tirconnell sept of the O'Clerys. He wrote in Irish a life of the 
celebrated Hugh Iloe O'Donnell, who died in Spain in 1602, which 
was transcribed, in many instances verbatim, into the Annals of the 
Four Masters. It appears from an Inquisition taken at Lifford on 
the 25th of May, 1632, that this Cucogry held the half quarter of the 
lands of Coobeg and Doughill, in the proportion of Monargane, in 
the barony of Boylagh and Banagh, in the county of Donegal, from 
Hollandtide, 1631, until May, 1632, for which he paid eight pounds 
sterling per annum to William Farrell, Esq., assignee to the Earl of 
Annandale; but, as the Inquisition states, "being a meere Irishman, 
and not of English or British descent or sirname," he was dispos- 
sessed, and the lands became forfeited to the King. Shortly after 
this period he removed, with many other families of Tirconnell, to 
Ballycroy, in the south of the barony of Erris, in the county of Mayo, 
under the guidance of Rory or Roger O'Donnell, the son of Colonel 
Manus O'Donnell, who was slain at Benburb in 1646, and who was a 
son of the celebrated Niall Garv O'Donnell, who died in the Tower 
of London in the year 1626. He carried with him his books, which 
were his chief treasure, and which he bequeathed to his two sons, 
Dermot and John, as we learn from his autograph will, which was 
written in Irish, at Curr-na-heillte, near Burrishoole, in the county 
of Mayo, and which is still extant, in rather bad preservation, in his 
genealogical manuscript, now in the Library of the Royal Irish Aca- 
demy. In this will, which was made shortly before his death, in 1664, 
he says : 

" I bequeath the property most dear to me that ever I possessed in this 
world, namely, my books, to my two sons, Dermot and John. Let them copy 
from them, without injuring them, whatever may be necessary for their purpose, 

d2 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

xxvm 

d let the. be equally seen and used by the 4*** 
as by themselves ; and let them instruct them according to the 
request the children of Carbry to teach and instruct their children. 

His son Dermot had a son, Carbry, who removed, with his wife 
and children, to the parish of Drung, in the county of Cavan. Carbry 
had a son, Cosnamhach or Cosney O'Clery, who was born m 1693 
and died in 1759, leaving an only son, Patrick O'Clery, who married 
Anne, daughter of Bernard O'Gowan or Smith, of Lara, in the county 
of Cavan, and had by her six sons, the second of whom, John O'Clery, 
removed to Dublin in 1817, carrying with them the Leabhar-Gabhala, 
or Book of Invasions, the Book of Genealogies, the Life of Hugh Roe 
O'Donnell, and the topographical poems of O'Dugan and O'Heerin, 
all in the handwriting of his ancestor, Cucogry or Peregrine, the 

annalist. 

Of the fourth Master, Ferfeasa O'Mulconry, nothing is known, but 
that he was a native of the county of Roscommon, and a hereditary 

antiquary. 

It remains now to say something of the monastery of Donegal, 
near which these Annals were compiled, and from which they have 
been called Annales Dungallenses. It is situated on the bay of Done- 
gal, in the barony of Tirhugh, and county of Donegal. 

It was founded for Franciscan Friars of the Strict Observance, in 
the year 1474, by Hugh Roe, son of Niall Garbh O'Donnell, chief of 
Tirconnell, and his wife, Finola, daughter of Conor na Srona O'Brien, 
King of Thomond. See annals of that year. 

The remains of this monastery are still to be seen, in tolerable 
preservation, at a short distance from the town of Donegal. The 
cloister consists of small arches, supported by couplets of pillars on a 
basement. In one part are two narrow passages, one over the other, 
about four feet wide, ten long, and seven high, which seem to have 
been places for depositing valuable effects in times of danger. The 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxix 

upper one is covered with stones laid along on the beams of stone 
that cross it, and the lower one with stones laid across on the walls. 
Ware says that this convent was famous for a well-stored library, but 
it is impossible to ascertain what became of it. 

On the 2nd of August, 1601, the building was occupied by a gar- 
rison of 500 English soldiers ; and the friars fled into the fastnesses of 
the country, carrying with them their chalices, vestments, and other 
sacred furniture, though probably not their entire library. Shortly 
afterwards, O'Donnell laid siege to this garrison, and on the 19th of 
September following the building took fire, and was completely de- 
stroyed, with the exception of one corner, into which the soldiers 
retreated. It is more than probable that the library was destroyed 
on this occasion. See A. D. 1601, and note x , under that year, 
p. b, 2252. 

After the restoration of Rory O'Donnell to his possessions, the 
brotherhood were permitted to live in huts or cottages near the mo- 
nastery, from whence they were not disturbed till the period of the 
Revolution. It was in one of these cottages, and not, as is generally 
supposed, in the great monastery now in .ruins, that this work was 
compiled by the Four Masters. 

The following curious account of the flight of the friars from this 
monastery is taken from a manuscript history of the Franciscans, in 
the College of St. Anthony, at Louvain, compiled by Fr. Antonius 
Purcell, under the direction of the Very Rev. Father Donough Mooney 
(Donatus Monajus), Provincial of the Order of St. Francis, Nov. 2, 
A. D. 1617. The manuscript is now No. 3195, Manuscrit. Biblio- 
theque de Bourgogne, Bruxelles. 

" Anno 1600 eramus ibi, scilicet [in] conventu Dunangallensi 40 f'ratres de 
familia, et officia divina nocturna et diurna fiebant cum cantu et solernnitatibus 
magnis. Habebam ipse curam sacristiaj in qua habui 40 indumenta sacerdota- 
lia cum suis omnibus pertinentiis, et multa erant ex tela ,urea et argentea, 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

alinuot mtertexta et elaborata auro ; reliqua omnia serica. Erant etiam 16 
E ntei et magni, ex quibus duo turn erant qui non erant deaurat, 
ct duo ibona pro sacramento. Suppellex satis honesta : eccles.a ne 
To qufden, caruit* Sed ingravescente bello, et hereticis aliqualiter praeva- 
lentibus, tandem potuerunt id efficere, ut pnncipe O'Donnelo in alns negoti 
occupato ipri ad o Ppl dum Dunnangall pervenermt cum exercitu, et anno 16 
in festo S Laurentii martyris in monasterio presidium mill urn collocarunt. 
Fratres quidam praemoniti fugerunt ad loca silvestria, inde aliquot rmharibus 
distantia, et suppellextilem monasterii navi impositam ad alium tutiorem locum 
transtulerunt : ego ipse eram ex ultimis qui e conventu egressus sum, et m 
navi ilia fugam coepi. Sed hie erant rerum exitus ; conventus in quo erat ill 
praesidium militum, postea statim a principe f obsidione cingitur, et Angli ibi 
existentes nimium arctantur. Accidit autem illis casus admirabilis ; una 
eademque hora, ignis, ut putatur divinitus aedificia conventus corripit, et multos 
militum consumit, totumque conventum et ecclesiam incendit, et navis quae in 
portum ingrediebatur victualia illis suppeditans ad scopulum collisa est; casu? 
Qui superviscerunt adhuc ex Anglis intra fossas quas fecerunt se continuerunt, 
et ad deditionem venire disposuerunt, deque articulis tractabant et conditionibus 
deditionis. Jam nuntiatur principi, Hispanos auxiliares duce D. Joanne de 
Aquila Kinsaliam in Momonia advenisse, et occupato oppido ab haereticis ibi 
obsidione cingi, turn non cunctandum ratus, re apud Dunnangall infect^, in 
Mommoniam proficiscitur, in itinere principi Onello et aliis occursurus, ut 
simul omnes Hispanis opem ferret. Sed neque Kinsaliae res bene successerunt, 
atque ita Hispani ad deditionem coacti sunt ; rebusque Catholicorum ita pro- 
fligatis, princeps O'Donnell in Hispaniam se contulit, annoque sequent! 1602 
omnia loca sui dominii in haereticorum potestatem devenerunt, et inter caetera 
quae ibi perierunt suppellex ilia ecclesiastica. conventus de Dunnangall fuit 
prEedseOliveroLamberto gubernatoriConacias ex parte haereticorum; qui calices 
in cyphos profanes convertit, et vestes sacras in diversos profanes usus conver- 
tendos scindi et delacerari curavit, et sic turn ipse conventus, turn omnis sup- 
pellex ejus periit. Fratres autem usque in hodiernum diem vivunt turn per 
modum congregationis in locis magis tutis infra terminos et limites destructos 



f Red Hugh. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxxi 

conventus, nee defuit illis semper suus guardianus et numerus ad minus 12 
fratrum. Aliqui etiam ex ipsis in alios conventus translati sunt. Pace postea 
facta, et principe O'Donnell mortuo Hispani&, frater ejus Rodericus obtinuit 
dominium majoris partis principatus, et a rege Angliae titulo comitis fuit 
donatus, cum is titulus multo minor suo praecedente titulo fuerit. Is ccepit 
con ven turn reaedificare, sed intelligens vitae suae Anglos insidiari, spem in sola 
fuga collocans simul cum principe O'Nello in Flandriam se contulit, inde 
Romam, ubi mortui ambo sun-t, ut satius infra dicetur ; fratresque sine protec- 
tore et opus imperfectum reliquit. Nunc autem Angli heretici omnia possident 
et permittunt antiques fratres in locis subobscuris, quia brevi omnes morituros 
sciunt, residuum vitae traducere, aliquos aut recentiores illis addi facile non 
permitterent, et hie est presens status conventus illius." 

Having now given all that is known of the history of the Four 
Masters and of their labours, it will be necessary to explain the manner 
in which this work has been translated and illustrated. It has been 
for some years generally acknowledged that Dr. O'Conor has fallen 
into many serious mistakes, not only in the translation, but also in 
deciphering the contractions of the autograph manuscript of the Four 
Masters ; and the Editor has taken more than ordinary pains to com- 
pare his printed text not only with the manuscripts above referred 
to, but also with the text of the older annals, and with all other ac- 
cessible manuscripts treating of ancient Irish history. 

The portion of the Annals of the Four Masters edited by Dr. 
O'Conor extends from the earliest accounts to the end of A. D. 1171 ; 
and the Editor of the present work originally intended to publish the 
second part only, namely, from 1171 to 1616, which was printed in 
three volumes quarto in 1848 ; but the great scarcity of Dr. O 'Conor's 
edition, its inconvenient form to the English reader, and its many 
inaccuracies, subsequently induced the Editor to complete the work. 
It would be envious to speak of the errors of one to whom Irish 
literature is so much indebted as it is to Dr. O'Conor, who was, 



xxxii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

moreover, the first to attempt the preservation of our ancient anna- 
lists ; but it is necessary to say that the text in his edition is in many 
places corrupt, arising generally from his having mistaken the mean- 
ing of the contractions which he found in the original, and some- 
times also from his having indulged in conjectural emendations. 
These latter are commonly unfounded, and as they are often of a 
nature to give birth to historical mistakes they have been fully pointed 
out in the notes; for example : at the year A. M. 2530, he splits the 
word maraip, mother, into math-oir, which he translates " Duces orien- 
tates" to induce the reader to believe that a certain Cical Grigencho- 
sach came to Ireland this year with eastern leaders or chieftains, whereas 
the undoubted meaning of the passage is, that Cical came into Ireland 
this year with his mother. See p. 5, note m . At the year A. D. 743, 
he turns Reguil, the name of an Irish saint, into the words pe, by, and 
juil, foreigners, by which he attempts to prove that the Galls, Danes, 
or Norwegians, had come into Ireland many years earlier than mo- 
dern Irish historians had stated ; but this discovery happens to be a 
mere blunder of his own, as the passage has no reference whatever 
to Danes or Norwegians, being a simple notice of a simple fact, that 
Arasgach, Abbot of Muicinis-Reguil, an island in Lough Derg, in the 
Shannon, was drowned. See p. a, 345, note . At the year 898, he 
turns the word rajan, i. e. qiua^an, which means a meagre or mise- 
rable person, into Turaghan, which he translates turris ; whereas the 
passage is a simple obit of Cosgrach, Anchorite of Inis-Cealtra, who 
was usually called the Truaghan, i. e. the' Meagre or Miserable. 

Besides the manuscripts of these Annals accessible to the Editor 
in Dublin, which have already been described, he availed himself, with 
the greatest diligence of which he was capable, of the assistance of 
several other authorities. These he must now briefly speak of. 

1. Keating s History of Ireland. This work, though much abused 
by modern writers, on account of some fables which the author has 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxxiii 

inserted, is, nevertheless, of great authority, and has been drawn from 
the most genuine sources of Irish history, some of which have been 
since lost. The Editor has several manuscript copies of this work, and 
a translation into Latin, also in manuscript, and never published, by 
Dr. John Lynch, the author of Cambrensis Eversus; but the most 
valuable copy of it which the Editor ever saw, and of which he has 
read every word, is now preserved in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin (H. 5. 26). It was purchased in London for the College, a few 
years ago, by Dr. Todd. It is in the handwriting of John, son of 
Torna O'Mulconry, of the Ardchoill family, in the county of Clare, a 
most profound Irish scholar, and a contemporary of Keating. 

2. The Leabhar-Gabhala of the O'Clerys. A beautiful copy of 
this work, in the handwriting of Peregrine O'Clery, one of the 
Four Masters, is preserved in the Library of the Royal Irish Aca- 
demy. It consists of a series of authentic poems and other original 
documents, from the earliest accounts to the period of the English 
invasion, and is in fact a collection of the authorities and sources of 
the Bardic history of Ireland. Much use has been made of it, and 
many passages transcribed verbatim into their Annals by the Four 
Masters. 

3. An English Version of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, by Connell 
Mageoghegan, Esq., of Lismoyny, in the county of Westmeath ; finished 
on the last day of June, 1627. This work, which begins with the 
earliest period, is carried down to the year 1408. The original An- 
nals in Irish are not known to be in existence, but the translation 
accords, in the latter years, with the text of the Annals of Connaught. 
In many entries it also agrees with the Annals of the Four Masters; 
but in the eighth, ninth, and tenth centuries the chronology is often 
antedated by four, five, and sometimes even seven years. This work 
is of great value, as it contains exact versions in English of all the 
peculiar idioms and phrases which occur in the various Irish Annals. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

The Editor has carefully compared it with the Annals of the Four 
Masters, and found that it contains some curious entries which they 
omitted, while they, on the other hand, record many historical events 
of which this chronicle takes no notice. See note b , p. Ixiv. 

4. The Annals of Ulster. Of these the Editor has compared two 
copies with the text published by Dr. O'Conor, namely, the Bodleian 
copy and Dublin copy. He has also compared a copy of an old 
translation of the Annals of Ulster, which was evidently made from 
the Bodleian manuscript, and which is now contained in two 
volumes in the British Museum, the first part extending from the 
year 431 to 1307, in the Clarendon Collection, torn. 49, Ayscough, 
4795 ; and the other, extending from 1307 to 1504, preserved in 
Clarend., torn. 20, Ays. 4784. The version is correct, but so literal 
that it seems rude and inelegant. Neither of the manuscripts is in the 
autograph of the translator, nor does either contain any entry which 
might afford a clue to discover who he was ; but the Editor is of 
opinion that the work was executed for Ussher or Ware, not, how- 
ever, by Duald Mac Firbis, as some have thought, but by Tuileagna 
O'Maelchonaire, or Tully Conry, who is mentioned by. the author of 
Cambrensis Eversus as a distinguished Irish scholar and antiquary. 
His handwriting and style of English appear in several manuscripts 
in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, as in Laud, 610, and also in the 
British Museum, Vesp. E. 11, Cotton, 115. See the Proceedings of 
the Royal Irish Academy, vol. ii. p. 336. Upon a comparison of all 
these documents with the style and manner of this old English ver- 
sion of the Annals of Ulster, the Editor grounds his opinion. But, 
whoever was the author, the translation is exceedingly valuable ; for 
it has preserved to posterity the equivalent English of a great portion 
of the Irish language, as it was understood by one of the hereditary 
professional seannachies or chroniclers of Ireland, about two centuries 
ago. The copy of it used by the Editor was made for Dr. Todd, in 1 844. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxxv 

5. The occasional Translations from the Annals of the Four Masters 
into Latin, which occur in the Act a Sanctorum of Colgan. In the 
works of this learned, laborious, and honest writer, the Editor has 
found numerous passages faithfully translated from the Annals of the 
Four Masters. His more lengthened and continuous translations from 
those Annals, which the Editor arranged, for his own use, into alpha- 
betical order, at the suggestion of the late Dr. Murphy, R. C. Bishop 
of Cork, are contained in his Annals, as follows, published in the Trias 
Thaum.: Armagh, pp. 292 to 311; lona, pp. 498 to 501; Deny, pp. 503 
to 507; Durrow, pp. 507, 508 ; Kells, p. 508 ; Raphoe, p. 509 ; Swords, 
p. 509 ; Rechrainn, p. 509 ; Fahan, p. 510 ; Druincliffe, p. 510 ; Kil- 
dare, pp. 628, 629, 630. 

6. A translation into very good Latin of Part of the Annals of the 
Four Masters, extending from the year 1547 to 1558. The original 
manuscript of this translation is preserved in the Library of the British 
Museum, Cod. Clarend., torn. 20, Ayscough, 4784 ; and a copy, in the 
handwriting of Daniel Molyneux, Ulster King at Arms, in the Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin, F. 1. 18, p. 287, et seq. This translation 
was made for Sir James Ware by some good Irish and Latin scholar, 
not improbably Dr. Lynch, the author of Cambrensis Eversus. The 
Editor has printed the entire of this valuable piece in the present 
edition, and has thus laid before the reader the original Irish of the 
Four Masters, a Latin translation about two centuries old, beside his 
own literal English translation of that portion of the Annals relating 
to the reign of Queen Mary. 

7. A Portion of the Annals of Lccan, extending from the year 1443 
to 1468, translated into English in the year 1666, for the use of Sir 
James Ware, by Duald Mac Firbis. The original manuscript of this 
translation, in the hand of the translator, is preserved in the Library 
of the British Museum, Cod. Clarend., torn. 68, Ayscough, 4799 ; and 
it has been recently printed from that manuscript, in the Miscellany 

e2 



xxxvi INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

of the Irish Archaeological Society. The Editor has not discovered 
any Irish original exactly corresponding with this translation ; but it 
contains many passages given also by the Four Masters, so that the 
authority of Duald Mac Firbis has been, through it, obtained for the 
meanings of a vast number of Irish words and phrases not used in the 

modern idiom. 

Many other translations, made from Irish annals, by the two 
O'Conors, O'Flanagan, O'Reilly, and various other modern Irish 
scholars, have been also procured, but the Editor has found that they 
are not at all to be relied upon, with the exception of whatever was 
executed by Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, who understood the Irish 
language well, though he always improved on his original, and raised 
it to the level of his own " magniloquent style" of English. 

This patriotic and venerable gentleman was most anxious that 
these Annals should be preserved uncorrupted for posterity ; but it 
appears from various letters of his to the Chevalier O'Gorman and 
others, that he had no reliance on the knowledge or accuracy of any 
of the Irish scholars then living. As it was from a perusal of some of 
these letters that the Editor was first stimulated to make himself 
acquainted with all the old translations of Irish annals accessible in 
Ireland and England, he thinks it may not be uninteresting to the 
reader to give some extracts, in which Charles O'Conor expresses his 
fears that the then general ignorance of the ancient language of Ire- 
land would lead to the corruption of these Annals ; and it may be 
further remarked, that the justice of his fears has been since clearly 
demonstrated, as well by the labours of his own grandson, the editor of 
the Rerum Hibernicarum Scriptores, as by those of others, who have 
attempted to translate portions of these Annals without possessing 
the necessary qualifications for the task. 

In his letter to the Chevalier O'Gorman, dated July 13th, 1781, 
when he was in his seventy-first year, O'Conor says : 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxxvii 


" I knew well that the late Dr. 0' Sullivan* was unable to translate many 

parts (and those the best) of our ancient Annals. None but men learned in 
our old classic phraseology can undertake such a work." 

In another letter, dated May 31, 1783, he writes to the same 
individual as follows : 

" I approve greatly of your intention to get our Annals of the Four Masters, 
&c., translated. But if not undertaken by a man who has a critical knowledge 
of the phraseology, with the changes made therein from the sixth to the tenth 
century, the sense will be frequently mistaken, and a bad translation, in such a 
case, will be worse than none at all. Even a publication of the Irish text 
would require the collation of the different manuscripts for restoring the origi- 
nal reading, and correcting the blunders of ignorant transcribers. I am glad 
to have an assurance from you that the Rev. Mr. Mac Carthy, of Paris, is 
equal to such a task ; but I am sorry to aver my opinion (from experience), 
that few in this country will patronize him, and without a large subscription 
no work of this magnitude can be undertaken." 

Again, July 23, 1783 : 

" I request that you will make your scribe to confine himself to an accurate 
fac-simile, the contractions being singularly uncommon, and explainable only 
by readers long and well acquainted with our writings. This caution is the 
more necessary, as any deviation from the original, by an unskilful scribe, would 
render the text unintelligible." 

Again, September 14, 1783 : 

" But the worst of it is, I doubt that you have a man in France or Ireland 
who could decipher- the contractions. In my province of Connaught I know 
of none*(I am sure there is none), myself excepted, who can read these Annals, 

* Dr. Francis Stcmghton Sullivan was a Fel- manuscripts which now distinguishes the Uni- 

low of Trinity College, and afterwards Professor versity Library. He died March 1, 1766. Ac- 

of English and Feudal Law in the University of cording to his pedigree, given in manuscript in 

Dublin. He was mainly instrumental in laying the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, he was 

the foundation of the valuable collection of Irish of a junior branch of theO'Sullivan More family. 



xxxvlli INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

or explain many of the terms, though they could read them. In the margins 
of these Annals you will find several notes of mine, and I would caution you 
against their being transcribed, lest they should be mistaken for any part of the 
original." 

Again, November 14, 1783 : 

" At last I found a messenger that could be trusted with conveying the 
Connaught Annals safe into your hands. In this province I know of none 
but myself who can read or explain them, and the difficulty being likely to 
increase every day, it will be the more necessary for your copyist to transcribe 
them exactly as he finds them. Let his transcript be what we call a fac-simile, 
for otherwise corruptions will creep into the text, and consequently your copy, 
far from being of use, will only have the effect of multiplying mistakes. In 
truth, as our original will be soon lost, I dread that our copies, falling into un- 
skilful hands, will have this effect. Our originals, therefore (as our great 
countryman, Mr. Burke, recommends), should be printed under the eye of a 
learned Editor, with a literal translation in English or Latin. If this be 
omitted (as I foresee it will), the treasures still preserved in our language will 
be as certainly lost as those that have long since perished." 

The reader Avill have now seen the difficulties with which an 
Editor had to contend at his first entering upon this task, and how 
necessary it was that he should procure all the old translations within 
his reach. 

A few words must here be added to explain the plan adopted for 
printing the original text and the translation of these Annals, and on 
the nature and style of the original. The second part of these Annals 
was the first printed and published, and as the Editor had the use of 
two autograph copies, and did not wish to take upon himself the 
responsibility of deciding upon the mode of printing this very heavy 
work, he requested the Publishers to submit the question to those 
scholars and antiquaries on whose judgment they had most reliance ; 
and, accordingly, it was submitted, on the 7th of February, 1845, to 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xxxix 

the following persons : the Rev. Dr. Todd, F. T. C. D., Vice-Pres. R.I. A. ; 
George Petrie, Esq., LL. D., Vice-Pres. R.I. A.; Aquilla Smith, Esq., 
M. D., M. R. I. A.; and Joseph Huband Smith, Esq., Barrister at Law, 
M.R.I.A.. 

The Editor first stated his own opinion as to the mode of printing 
the original and translation, but finally submitted to the following 
rules, which were committed to writing by the Rev. Dr. Todd : 

" I. The manuscript of the Royal Irish Academy to be followed ; variations 
of the College copy to be inserted in brackets, if of sufficient importance to be 
put in the text ; if of minor importance, to be mentioned in the notes. 

" II. The stops to be exactly as in the Academy copy, except that, at the 
end of a paragraph or entry, a full point is always to be used. 

" III. Capital letters are not to be used in the Irish text, except where 
they occur in the original. 

" IV. The separate entries to be in distinct paragraphs, even though they 
be not so in the original. 

" V. The original Irish names of persons and places to be given in the 
translation, as far as possible, in their received anglicised spellings, noticing 
irregularities, or modern corrupt variations, in the notes ; but such names as 
are obsolete, unknown, or doubtful, to be given in the original Irish spelling. 

" VI. Italics to be used in the translation only where words, not in the 
original, are supplied. 

"VII. Brackets [ ] to be used when insertions are made, not in the original, 
but which are necessary for explaining ambiguities, or filling up chasms in the 
sense. Italics to be used when insertions are made which are necessary from 
the different idioms of the two languages." 

In printing the first part, from A. M. 2242 to A. D. 1171, as no 
autograph copy was accessible to the Editor, he has used capital let- 
ters in proper names, and arranged the paragraphs as in Dr.O'Conor's 
edition. The proper names are always given in the original Irish 
spelling in the text of the translation. See p. xxxi., suprd. 



x ] INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

With respect to the style of these Annals, it will be seen that it 
varies with the authorities from which the different entries have 
been extracted. In the first part the language is extremely simple, 
and few instances of inflation are observable ; but in the second part 
the style varies a good deal : in the same page will be observed the 
extreme veracious simplicity of the Annals of Ulster, and the turgidly 
redundant style of the romantic tales of the fifteenth and sixteenth 
centuries. In the more lengthened descriptions of battles, this in- 
flated style is particularly observable ; and the Editor has most care- 
fully preserved, in the translation, the order and literal meanings of 
all the epithets, often almost synonymous, with which many sentences 
are overloaded. It will be also observed that even in the more simple 
and unimpassioned narratives there is usually a double expression, 
such as "plundered and preyed," "battered and broke," "banished 
and expelled," " killed and destroyed." This pleonasm of style, which 
is not unlike that of the language of the English law, has been as 
much as possible imitated by the Editor in the translation, so that 
the reader may see the exact force of each Irish word by comparing 
the original with the translation. 

It should also be observed, that some entries have been hurriedly 
and carelessly transcribed, from their respective originals, by the Four 
Masters, and that several of their after-insertions between the lines 
are so arranged as to render the construction inelegant. The Editor 
has compared such entries with the more ancient Annals in every 
possible instance, and pointed out in the notes what has been omitted 
or irregularly transcribed by the Four Masters ; but, throughout the 
second part, he has printed their own text exactly as it is found in 
their autograph manuscript, in the Library of the Royal Irish Aca- 
demy, dispensing, in every instance, with their contractions, except 
their -), i. e . a 5 u r , and; their f, which is sometimes e simple and 
sometimes ea ; and their p, which is for Dei c, ten. All the gramma- 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xli 

tical terminations, which they have generally written, in contractions, 
have been printed in full, according to the rules laid down by the 
Editor in his Irish Grammar. 

The general Index to the whole will facilitate the references, not 
only to the names of men and places, but also to remarkable subjects, 
such as battles, burnings, demolitions, &c., and thus supply a great 
defect in Dr. 'Conor's edition of the first part of the Irish Annals, 
which is unaccompanied by any index of this kind. The following 
letter, written by Dr. O'Conor, a short time before his death, to 
Mr. Hardiman, wiU show that he regretted not having been able to 
make indexes to his edition of the Irish Annals : 

" Stove, 10th March, 1825. 

" DEAR SIR, I feel that I ought to make an humble apology for my silence 
ever since I had the honor of receiving from you your valuable History of 
Galway, for his Grace of Buckingham and Chandos's Collection, and your 
Catalogue of the Maps, &c., in Trinity College Library, for my own. I value 
your History highly, as every one must who is disgusted by the silly assertions, 
the loose references, the false chronology, the inflated style of most of our 
modern writers. For the same reason I value your Catalogue, and only lament 
that you had not more abundant materials. In return for your kind present to 
me, I shall send you a copy of my Tighernach, as soon as it comes out in the 
month of May. The original is printed in one column, and the version, almost 
literal, opposite in another, in imitation of the Saxon Chronicle. The original 
is taken from the Duke of Chandos's MS., now in the Bodleian. It is the 
oldest known. If -you will call in the Bodleian for the MS. Kawlinson, 
No. 488, you will find that my labour must have been excessive, even had I 
confined it to deciphering the text. It is far from my intention to sound my 
own praise ; my object is merely to shew you that I feel a just sense of the 
urbanity which induced you to send me your works. My Tighernach wants 
only an Index. But that Index will require more time than would be neces- 
sary, if I enjoyed a better state of health. In the same volume, intituled Rerum 
Hibernicarum Scriptores, vol. 2, you will find the Annals of Tunis/alien and of 

f 



xlii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

noyle, from the original MSS. in the Bodleian and Cotton Libraries. These are 
finished in like manner, with the exception of Indexes. The Annals of the 
Four Masters, as far as the first volume extends, that is, to the pretended 
Anglo-Norman conquest of Ireland, are finished (with the same exception) 
from the original in this Library. The second volume, in the Dublin Library, is 
so mutilated, that I leave that fragment to the care of posterity, contented with 
ending where Giraldus, Hollingshead, Leland, and most of our modern histo- 
rians, begin. The Annals of Ulster are also printed down to the same time, 
from the Bodleian MS., so that we have all that is known of ancient Irish 
history down almost to the death of Henry the Second. 

" I write, in this damp weather, with such a tremulous hand, that I was com- 
pelled to dictate the above to an amanuensis. But I cannot commit to another 
the pleasure of transmitting to you his Grace the Duke of Buckingham's and 
Chandos's thanks for your Galway. 

" I have the honour to be, dear Sir, 

" With sincere esteem and regard, 

" Your much obliged and humble Servant, 
" CHARLES O'CoNOR." 

With respect to the chronology of these Annals, from A. M. 2242 
down to the period of Cimbaeth, no competent scholar can doubt 
that it is arbitrary and uncertain. But we are not to suppose that 
the Four Masters are altogether responsible for it. This early portion 
of the Annals, it must be borne in mind, was compiled by them from 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise, and from different other authorities, 
such as the Synchronisms of Flann, the Poems of Maelmura on the 
Origin of the Gaeidhil, the Poems of Gillacaemhain, Eochaidh 
O'Floinn, and various other sources ; and, as compilers, their duty 
was to place such accounts as were accessible of direct computation 
in as natural and reasonable an order as possible. Unfortunately, 
however, among all the events narrated, no eclipse of the sun or moon, 
or appearance of a comet, or any other astronomical phenomenon, 
is recorded, by which their authenticity could be tested or a certain 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xliii 

date fixed. O'Flaherty expresses his surprise, indeed, at the minute 
chronological accuracy with which the earliest historical facts (as he 
considers them) are noticed by Irish historians ; such as the arrival 
in Ireland of Ceasair, the granddaughter of Noah, with a band of 
antediluvians, forty days before the flood, on the fifteenth day of the 
moon, being the Sabbath ; and the landing of Partholan at Inbher- 
Sgeine, in Kerry, in the month of May, the fourteenth day of the 
moon, on a Wednesday. From the minuteness of these dates the 
author of Ogyyia, instead of having his suspicions aroused, does not 
hesitate to conclude that the Pagan Irish had, from the earliest 
period, a most accurate system of chronology. But it never seems 
to have occurred to him to ask the simple question, how were the 
age of the moon and the day of the week at the landing of Ceasair 
and Partholan handed down to the Irish writers, seeing that, accord- 
ing to those writers themselves, Ceasair and her followers perished 
in the flood, and that Partholan and his colony were all carried off 
by the plague ? The bardic historians reply by getting still deeper 
into fiction, and relating that Fintan, the son of Bochra, who accom- 
panied Ceasair into Ireland, after having passed through various 
transmigrations, at length assumed the human form in the time of 
St. Patrick, and lived down to the time of St. Finian of Magh-bile, 
to whom he narrated all the events that had taken place in Ireland 
up to that period. O'Flaherty rejects this as a clumsy fable, but 
finds himself constrained, in order to support his chronological 
theory, to insist that the Pagan Irish had the use of letters, and an 
accurate system of chronology, from the earliest period of the colo- 
nization of Ireland. 

This way of proving the authenticity of Irish chronology only 
damages true history ; but at the same time there is a mode of ex- 
plaining the entries in question, so as to obviate the necessity of 
rejecting them altogether : we have only to assume that they are 

f2 



xliv INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

facts preserved by oral tradition, and that the Irish writer who first 
attempted to fix the age of the moon and the day of the week, on 
which Ceasair landed in Ireland, made' such calculations as he was 
able to make (whether correct or not is of no consequence), comput- 
ing forty days before to the usually assumed date of Noah's flood, 
and seeking to account for his accurate knowledge of the date so 
assumed by means of a bold fiction. In this latter object, strange to 
say, he partially succeeded ; for, silly as it may now seem to us, it 
is a fact that the fable connected with these dates passed current 
amongst the Irish literati down to the seventeenth century ; for, 
though Eochy O'Flannagan of Armagh, in the eleventh century, gave 
no credit to the story of Fintan having survived the general deluge, 
his scepticism surely did not arise from its improbability, but because 
it involved a statement "contrary to the holy Scripture, which sayeth 
that all the world were drowned in the General Flood, saveing Noeh 
and his three sons, Shem, Cham, and Japheth, with their fower 
wives." Ann. Clon. See p. 2, note b . 

It is therefore, surely, infinitely more probable that an early Irish 
chronologist made a calculation of the age of the moon h , and the 

h The age of the moon Dr. O'Conor has the marbles, which were composed sixty years after 

following observations on this subject, in his the death of Alexander, take no notice of Olym- 

account of the Annals of the Four Masters, in piads. There are no fixed epochs in Herodotus 

the Stowe Catalogue, p. 114, n. 2: or Thucydides. Timteus of Sicily, who flou- 

" The Europeans had no chronology before rished in the 12Qth Olympiad, or about the 

the conquest of Darius the Mede, by Cyrus, middle of the third century before Christ, was 

538 years before Christ. The chronology we the first who attempted to establish an sera, by 

now have of more ancient times is technical, comparing the dates of Olympiads, Spartan 

and has been brought to a great degree of accu- Kings, Archons of Athens, and Priestesses of 

racy by Petavius and Ussher. Polybius says Juno, which he adapted to one another, accord- 

(1. 5, 33) ihntEphorus, the disciple of Isocrates, ing to the best of his judgment. Where he left 

and the historian of Cumse, was the first who off Polybius began. 

attempted to reduce chronology into a regular " Those who have adopted the chronology of 

science, in the time of Philip of Macedon, the LXX., which makes the world older than it 

about 350 years before Christ. The Arundelian is in the Hebrew text, are ably refuted by Natalis 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xlv 

day of the week, as they would retrospectively stand forty days be- 
fore the deluge, than that he found anything purporting to be a 
record of the date of Ceasair's arrival on stone, tile, or parchment. 
It would be easier to receive the whole story of Ceasair and her fol- 
lowers, as well as the date, for a fabrication, than to suppose that any 
written or inscribed record of such a fact could have existed before 
the use of letters, or even of hieroglyphics, was known to mankind. 
The accuracy of ancient dates being thus apocryphal, we are 
driven to regard the catalogue of kings, given by Gilla-Caemain and 
others, as a mere attempt at reducing to chronological order the 
accumulated traditions of the poets and seanachies of Ireland. But 
that a list of Irish monarchs was attempted to be made out at a very 
early period is now generally admitted by the best antiquaries. 
Mr. Pinkerton, who denies to the Irish the use of letters before their 
conversion to Christianity, still admits the antiquity of their list of 
kings : 

" Foreigners" (he remarks,) " may imagine that it is granting too much to 
the Irish to allow them lists of kings more ancient than those of any other 
country in modern Europe ; but the singularly compact and remote situation 
of that island, and its freedom from Roman conquest, and from the concussions 
of the fall of the Roman Empire, may infer this allowance not too much. But 
all contended for is the list of kings, so easily preserved by the repetition of 
bards at high solemnities, and some grand events of history." Inquiry into the 
History of Scotland. 

At what period regular annals first began to be compiled with 
regard to minute chronology we have no means of determining ; but 

Alexander. Every discovery, and every vestige " Prsoterea si nulla fuit genitalis origo, 
of the history of man, tends to prov that this Terrarum, et Coeli, semperque seterna fuere, 
planet is not inhabited above 6000 years. The Cur supra bellum Thebanum, & funera Trojje, 

glaring truth of the recent origin of man is Non alias alij quoque rescecinere Poeta? ? 
acknowledged even by Lucretius, 1. 5, De Rer. Quare etiam qutedam nunc artes expoliuntur, 

Nat. : Nunc etiam augescunt ?" 



x ] v i INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

we may safely infer from the words of Tighernach, that the ancient 
historical documents existing in his time were all regarded by him 
as uncertain before the period of Cimbaeth, the commencement of 
whose reign he fixes to the year before Christ 305. His significant 
words, omnia monumcnta Scotorum usque Cimbaeth incerta eranl, 
inspire a feeling of confidence in this compiler which commands 
respect for those facts which he has transmitted to us, even when 
they relate to the period antecedent to the Christian era. The 
Annals of Ulster are also free from the objections that have been 
alleged against the early portion of the Annals of the Four Masters, 
the compiler beginning with the mission of Palladius to the Scoti, 
and frequently citing the names of the authors or compilers whose 
works he had before him, the oldest of which is Mochta, the patron 
saint of Louth, and Guana (genitive, Cuanach], who seems to be 
"Cuana scriba Treoit," whose death is recorded under the year 
739; and Dubhdalethe, who was at first Lector and afterwards 
Archbishop of Armagh, and who died in the year 1065. The follow- 
ing passages, extracted from the Annals of Ulster, will show that 
they have been copied from various sources : 

" A. D. 439. Chronicon magnum scriptum est." 

"A. D. 467. Quies Benigni Episcopi, successoris Patricii. Cena Cempa la 
hQilill TTlolc. Sic in libro Cuanach inveni." 

" A. D. 468. Bettum Dumai Qchip pop Oilill TTlolc. Sic inveni in Libro 
Cuanach." 

"A. D. 471. Preda secunda Saxonum de Hibernia ut alii dicunt in isto anno 
diducta est, ut Moctus dicit. Sic in Libro Cuanach inveni." 

"A. D. 475. Bettum 6pe 5 h&le pe nCtibll ITlolc. Sic in Libro Cuanach 



inveni" 



"A. D. 482. Bettum Oche la Lujaio mac Lae 5 aipe a 5 u r la TTluipceap- 
cach mac Gapca, in quo cecidit Q.lill TTlolc. A Concobaro filio Nesse usque 
ad Copmac jilium Qipc anni cccviii. ; a Copmac usque ad hoc helium cxvi. ut 
Cuana scripsit." 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xlvii 

"A. D. 489. Bellum Cinn Lopnaoo, ubi cecidit Cen^up^i/ms Narppaich 

pij TTlurrian, ut Guana scripsit." 

" A. D. 527. Vel hie dormitatio Brigide secundum librum Mochod [Mochta?]. 
" A. D. 534. Dormitatio Mocta discipuli Patricii xiii. Kal. Septemb. Sic ipse 

scripsit in Epistola sua ' Macutenus peccator presbiter S. Patricii discipulus in 

Dno. salutem.' " Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 544. Oiapmaio regnare incipit, secundum Librum Cuanach." 
"A. D. 552. Mors Cpimramn mic bpiuin. Sic in Libro Cuanach inveni." 
" A. D. 598. Quies Cainnij in Qcaio bo, ut Guana docet." 
" A. D. 600. Terre motus in baippchi. Mors bpenoainn mic Coipppi mic 

peicbine. Sic inveni in Libro Cuanach." 

" A. D. 602. Omnia quce scripta sunt in anno sequente inveni in Libro 

Cuanach, in isto esse perfecta." 

" A. D. 610. Quies Colmam 6to. Sic est in Libro Cuanach." 

" A. D. 628. Mors Gch&ac buibe, regis Pictorum, Jilii Qeoam. Sic in 

Libro Cuanach inveni. Vel, sicut in Libro Ouihoalece narratur." 

" A. D. 642. Cellach et Conall Gael regnare incipiunt, ut alii dicunt. Hie 

dubitatur quis regnavit post Oorhnall. Dicunt alii historiographi regnasse qua- 

tuor reges .1. Cellach et Conall Gael, et duo Jilii Geoa Slaine .1. Oiapmaic et 

blacmac per commixta regna!' 

"A. D. 972. Conga la Oorhnall hUa Neill t>e Oabull Dap Sliab nUaic 

co Loch nGinoenne, quod nonfactum est ab antiquis temporibus. Sic in Libro 

Ouibhoaleichi." 

"A. D. 1021. Cpech la mac Cteba hUi Neill nap hUib Oopcainn, &c. 
Sic in libro OuiBoaleichi." 

From these notices we have reason to believe that the ecclesias- 
tical writers carried forward a continuous chronicle from age to age ; 
each succeeding annalist transmitting the records which he found 
existing along with his own ; thus giving to the whole series the 
force of contemporary evidence. 

The precision with which the compiler of the Annals of Ulster 
has transmitted the account of an eclipse of the sun, which took 
place in the year 664, affords a proof that this entry was derived from 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

a contemporaneous record. See note x , under A. D. 664, p. 277. 
Venerable Bede, who is followed by the Four Masters, mentions this 
solar eclipse as having occurred on the third day of May ; but the 
Annals of Tighernach and Ulster have preserved the exact day and 
hour. Bede having evidently calculated the time according to the 
Dionysian cycle, the error of which was not detected in his time, 
and the Irish annalists having copied the passage from the record of 
one who had seen this eclipse, and noted it at the time of observa- 
tion. The following notices of eclipses and comets, copied from 
various works by the compiler of the Annals of Ulster, will show that 
they were recorded by eye-witnesses. The reader is to bear in mind 
that the Annals of Ulster are antedated by one year up to 1014, and 
that, in comparing these eclipses with the catalogue of eclipses com- 
posed by modern astronomers, he should add one year to the respec- 
tive dates. 

, " A. D. 495 [496]. Solis defectio." 
" A. D. 511 [512]. Defectus soils contigit" 
" A. D. 590 [591]- Defectio solis .i. mane tenebrosum." 
" A. D. 613 [614]. Stella [comata] visa est hora octavo die? 
" A. D. 663 [664]. Tenebre in Kalendis Maii in n a hora." 
" A. D. 673 [674]. Nubes tennis et tremula ad speciem celestis arcus iv, vigilia 

noctis vi. feria ante pasca ab oriente in occidentem per serenum celum apparuit. 

Luna in sanguinem versa est" 

" A. D. 676 [677]. Stella comata visa in mense Septembris et Octobris." 

" A. D. 691 [692]. Luna in sanguineum colorem in Natali S. Martini 

versa est" 

" A. D. 717 [718]. Edipsis lune in plenelunio." 

" A. D. 752 [753]. Sol tenebrosus" 

" A. D. 761 [762]. Luna tenebrosa. Nox lucida in Autumno." 

" A. D. 762 [763], Sol tenebrosus in hora tertia." 

" A. D. 772 [773]. Luna tenebrosa ii. Nonas Decembris." 

" A. D. 787 [788]. Luna rubra in similitudinem sanguinis xii.Kal Martii" 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. xlix 

" A. D. 806 [807]. Luna in sanguinem versa est." 

"A. D. 864 [865]. Eclipsis solis in Kal. Januarii, el Edipsis Lune in eodem 



anno." 



" A. D. 877 [878]. Eclipsis Lune Idibus Octobris iv. Lune." 

" A. D. 884 [885]. Eclipsis Solis et visce sunt stella in Ccelo." 

" A. D. 920 [921]. Eclipsis Lune xv. Kal. Jan. feria prima hora noctis." 

" A. D. 1018. The Comet permanent this year for 14 days in harvest." 

Cod. Clarend., torn. 49. 

" A. D. 1023. An Eclipse of the Moone the 4th Id. of January, being 

Thursday. An Eclipse of the Sunn the 27th of the same Moone, on Thursday." 

Cod. Clarend., torn. 49. 

"A. D. 1031. An Eclipse on the day before the Calends of September." 

Cod. Clarend., torn. 49. 

"A. D. 1065 [1066]. There appeared a Commett for the space of three 

nights, which did shine as clear as the Moone at the full." Ann. Clon. 

The dates assigned to these eclipses are confirmed by their accord- 
ance with the catalogue of eclipses in L'Art de Ver. les Dates, torn. i. 
pp. 62-69 ; and from this accuracy it must be acknowledged that they 
have been obtained by actual observation, and not from scientific cal- 
culations ; for it is well known that any after calculations, made before 
the correction of the Dionysian period, would not have given such 
correct results. 

Mr. Moore has the following remarks upon the eclipse of 664 : 

" The precision with which the Irish annalists have recorded to the 
month, day, and hour, an eclipse of the sun, which took place in the year 664, 
affords both an instance of the exceeding accuracy with which they observed 
and noted passing events, and also an undeniable proof that the annals for that 
year, though long since lost, must have been in the hands of those who have 
transmitted to us that remarkable record. In calculating the period of the 
same eclipse, the Venerable Bede, led astray, it is plain, by his ignorance of 
that yet undetected error of the Dionysian cycle, by which the equation of the 
motions of the sun. and moon was affected, exceeded the true time of the 

g 



1 INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

event by several days. Whereas the Irish chronicler, wholly ignorant of the 
rules of astronomy, and merely recording what he had seen passing before his 
ey es,-namely, that the eclipse occurred about the tenth hour on the 3rd of 
May in the year 664,-has transmitted a date to posterity, of which succeeding 
astronomers have acknowledged the accuracy."-^n/ of Ireland, vol. i. 
p. 163. 

At what period it became the practice in Ireland to record public 
events in the shape of annals has not been yet accurately determined ; 
but it will not be too much to assume that the practice began with 
the first introduction of Christianity into the country. Now, it is 
highly probable that there were Christian communities in Ireland 
long before the final establishment of Christianity by St. Patrick, in 
the fifth century. We learn from St. Chrysostom, in his Demonstratio 
quod Christus sit Dem, written in the year 387, that the British Islands, 
situated outside the Mediterranean Sea, and in the very ocean itself, 
had felt the power of the Divine Word, churches having been founded 
there and altars erected 1 . 

But the most decided evidence that the Irish had the use of 
letters before St. Patrick's time, is derived from the account of 
Celestius, an Irishman, the favourite disciple of the heresiarch Pela- 
gius. St. Jerome, alluding to a criticism of Celestius upon his Com- 
mentaries on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Ephesians, thus launches 
out against this bold heretic : 

" Nuper indoctus calumniator erupit, qui Commentarios meos in epistolam 
Pauli ad Ephesios reprehendendos putat. Nee intelligit, nimia stertens vecor- 

1 Kat ~/ap al B/jeroctKoi vrjaoi, al T;}? flaXarri/s where accompanied Christianity, had been known 

eVTos Keifievat TUUTJ/S, Kat ev aima ovoai Tip uiiceavia in Ireland at that date. The accurate Innes 

T;S Swafieias ^ov pr/fiaTo? ^adovio- KOI yap Kaicei thinks it "not unreasonable to believe that pri- 

E/r<c\;<T<at <cat OvaiaaTijpia ir<=Tn\^aaiv S. Chry- vate individuals at least, among the Irish, had 

sost. Opp., torn. i. 575. B. Ed. Bened. the use of letters before the coming of St. Pa- 

But, if such were the case, we may reasonably trick, considering that it may have happened 

conclude that the use of letters which every- that some of the Irish before that time, passing 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 11 

dili, leges Commentariorum, &c nee recordatur stolidissimus, et Scotorum 

pultibus prasgravatus, nos in ipso dixisse opere : non damno digamos imo nee 
trigamos, et si fieri potest octogamos : plus aliquid inferam etiam scortatorem 
recipio poenitentern' k . 

And again in the Proemium to his third book on Jeremiah, St. 
Jerome thus more distinctly mentions the native country of Celestius : 

" Hie tacet, alibi criminatur : mittit in universum orbem epistolas biblicas 
prius auriferas, nunc maledicas et patientiam nostram, de Christi hurailitate 
venientem, malte conscientite signum interpretatur. Ipseque mutus latrat per 
Alpinum [al. Albinum] canem quandem et corpulentum, et qui calcibus magis 
possit stevire, quam dentibus. Habet enim progeniem Scoticas gentis, de Bri- 
tannorum vicinia : qui juxta fabulas Poetarum, instar Cerberi spirituali percu- 
tiendus est clava, ut aeterno, cum suo magistro Plutone silentio conticescat" 1 . 

It appears from Gennadius, who flourished A. D. 495, that before 
Celestius was imbued with the Pelagian heresy, he had written from 
his monastery to his parents three epistles, in the form of little books, 
containing instructions necessary for all those desirous of serving God, 
which, by the way, bore no trace of the heresy which he afterwards 
broached. The words of Gennadius are as follows : 

" Celestius antequam Pelagianum dogma incurreret, im6 adhuc adolescens, 
scripsit ad parentes de monasterio Epistolas in modum libellorum tres, omnibus 
Deum desiderantibus necessarias. Moralis siquidem in eis dictio nil vitii post- 
modum proditi, sed totum ad virtutis incitamentum tenuit" m . 

This passage affords sufficient evidence to prove that the Scotica 
gens, in the neighbourhood of Britain, had the use of letters towards 

over to Britain, or other parts of the Roman thought that the Scotica gens, here referred to, 

empire, where the use of letters was common, was the modern Scotland ; but this question 

might have learned to read and write." has been long since settled. Ireland was the 

k Hieron. Prolog, in lib. i. in Hieremiam. Opp. only country called Scotia in St. Jerome's time, 

Ed. Vallarsii, torn. iv. or until the twelfth century. 

1 Prolog, i. lib. Hi. in Hieremiam. Some have m Gennadius de Script. Eccl. c. 44. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

the close of the fourth century; and it maybe added, that a country 
that produced such able men as Celestius and Albums could hardly 
have been an utter strangerto civilization at the tune they flourished. 
On the whole, it may be conjectured, with probability, that letters 
were known to the Irish about the reign of Cormac, son of Art ; and 
this throws the boundary between what must have been traditional, 
and what may have been original written records, so far back as to 
remove all objection on that ground to the authenticity of the 
lowing Annals, from at least the second century of the Christian era. 
The reader will find these conclusions supported by the opinions 
of a historian of the highest character, on the general authenticity 
and historical value of that portion of the Irish Annals made accessible 
to him by the labours of Dr. O'Conor : 

" The chronicles of Ireland, written in the Irish language, from the second 
century to the landing of Henry Plantagenet, have been recently published, 
with the fullest evidence of their genuineness and exactness. The Irish nation, 
though they are robbed of their legends by this authentic publication, are yet 
by it enabled to boast that they possess genuine history several centuries more 
ancient than any other European nation possesses, in its present spoken lan- 
guage. They have exchanged their legendary antiquity for historical fame. 
Indeed, no other nation possesses any monument of its literature, in its present 
spoken language, which goes back within several centuries of these chronicles"". 

" Sir James Mackintosh, History of England, domain of history enabled him fully to appre- 

vol. i. chap. 2. On this passage Mr. Moore re- ciate any genuine addition to it." History of 

marks: "With the exception of the mistake in to Ireland, vol. i. p. 168. 

which Sir James Mackintosh has here, rather Whether what Mr. Moore calls a mistake on 

unaccountably, been led, in supposing that, the part of the English historian was really one 

among the written Irish chronicles which have may be fairly questioned. It is evident that Sir 

come down to us, there are any so early as the James Mackintosh was of opinion that there 

second century, the tribute paid by him to the were entries in the Annals of Tighernach which 

authenticity and historical importance of these were copied from passages originally committed 

documents appears to me in the highest degree to writing in the second century ; and there is 

deserved ; and conies with the more authority nothing adduced by Mr. Moore or others to in- 

from a writer whose command over the wide validate this opinion. 



INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. liii 

The Editor cannot close these remarks without returning thanks 
to the Provost and Senior Fellows of Trinity College, Dublin, for 
allowing him the use of their splendid collection of Irish manuscripts ; 
and to such friends as have assisted him in the present work. Among 
these friends he must reckon, as the first in order, our most eminent 
antiquary, George Petrie, Esq., LL.D., &c., who has read all the sheets 
of the second part as they passed through the Press, and made many 
valuable suggestions. To Mr. Eugene Curry, by whom the autograph 
of this work was copied for the Press, and who has supplied very 
many examples from ancient glossaries to elucidate the meanings of 
difficult words, and various manuscript authorities, unexplored by any 
but himself, to illustrate the ancient topography, he feels particularly 
indebted. To James Hardiman, Esq., M. R. I. A., whose labours as a 
member of the late Irish Record Commission have rendered him fami- 
liar with all the sources of Anglo-Irish history, he must return his 
special thanks ; from him he has received, freely and liberally, not 
only his valuable opinion on several historical points, but also many 
Anglo-Irish law documents bearing on the history of the Irish chief- 
tains, which have never been published. The Editor has, moreover, 
to acknowledge his many obligations to the Rev. Dr. Todd, F.T.C.D., 
who has kindly afforded him every facility in consulting the College 
manuscripts, as well as the benefit of his enlightened criticism on 
many historical points throughout the entire progress of the work. 

The Editor has also been assisted by various others, but more 
especially by his friend, Captain Larcom, R. E., who has been the 
active promoter of Irish literature, antiquities, and statistics, ever since 
the summer of 1825, and who, during his connexion with the Ord- 
nance Survey, exerted himself most laudably to illustrate and preserve 
the monuments of ancient Irish history and topography. And he is 
much indebted to Captain Cameron, R. E., who, since he was ap- 
pointed to superintend the Irish Ordnance Survey Office, has kindly 



liv INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. 

continued to render the Editor the same amount of assistance in iden- 
tifying the positions of objects of antiquarian or historical interest on 
the Ordnance Maps, as had been afforded by his predecessor. 

He has also to express his acknowledgments to Charles P. O'H. 
MacDonnell, Esq., M.R.I. A.; Charles J. O'Donel, Esq.; and Herbert 
Hore, Esq., each of whom has furnished him with much important 
and original information. 

J. O'D. 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY, 



FROM 



MICHAEL O'CLERY TO FEARGHAL O'GADHRA, LORD OF MAGH 

UI GADHRA, ETC. 



Oia ITYI cabaipc gacha I BESEECH God to bestow every 

haoibnfp oo pachao i Ifp Da chupp, -| happiness that in ay redound to the wel- 

Da anmain opfpgal o jaohpa cicch- fare of his body and soul, upon Fearghal 

fpnalTlhaije uf jaopa,-) cuileo ppino, O'Gadhra, Lord of Magh Ui-Ghadhra 

aon Don Diap Rioipfoh paplemence and Cuil-O-bhFinn, one of the two 

po coghabh ap conoae Slicagh co knights pf Parliament who were elected 

hat cliac an bliabain pi oaoipCpiopc, [and sent] from the county of Sligeach 

1634. to Ath-cliath this year of the age of 

Christ, 1634. 

Qp nf cojccfno poilleip pon uile It is a thing general and plain 

Dorhan in gach lonaoh i mbf uaiple no throughout the whole world, in every 

onoipingach aimpip oaccaimccpiarh place where nobility or honour 1 has 

Diam i noiam nach ppuil nf ap slop- prevailed in each successive period, 

maipe,-) apaipmiccnijeonopai5he(ap that nothing is more glorious, more 

abbapaib lo'niDa) ina piop pfnoacra respectable, or more honourable (for 

na pfnujoap, i eolap na naipeac, -] many reasons), than to bring to light 

na nuapal po Bdoap ann ipm aimpip the knowledge of the antiquity of an- 

1 Honour. In a free translation of this Dedi- much of the redundance of O'Clery's language, 

cation, made by Charles O'Conor, he rejects and improves on his expressions throughout. 



lyi EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 

,,finpo DO caba.pe DO cum r olai r ap cient authors, and a knowledge of the 
Da, 5 h co mbeic aiefncap, n eola r a 5 chieftains and nobles that existed m 
5 ach opu,n 5 . noeaohaio apoile cion- preceding times, in order that 
nap DO caicpoc a pnnpp a pe i a successive generation might possess 
naimpp,! cia haipfce po baecap , knowledge and information as to how 
cciccfpnap a nDuichce, i noi 5 nic, no their ancestors spent their time and 
i nonoip 01016 i nDiaioh, T cpeo i an life, how long they were successively 
oioheab puaippocn. in the lordship of their countries, in 

dignity or in honour, and what sort of 
death they met. 

Canaccpa an bpacaip bochc oupo I, Michael O'Clerigh, a poor brother 
.8. pponpeip TTlichel o clepicch (iap of the order of St. Francis (after having 
mbfic ofich mbliabna Dam ace Sccpio- been for ten years transcribing every old 
bob gach pjioachca Da bpuapap ap material which I found concerning the 
naomaib na hepeann a maille le hum- saints of Ireland, observing obedience 
lace jach Ppoumpail Da paibe in to each provincial that was in Ireland 
epmn a noiaib a cele oobfic accam) successively), have come before you, 
DO bap lacaipp a uapail Ct phfpjail noble Farrell O'Gara. I have cal- 
uf jabpa. Do bpaicfp ap bap nonoip culated on your honour that it seemed 
gup baobap cpuaije, -] riemele, 005- to you a cause of pity and regret, grief 
ailp.i Dobpom libh (DO chum gloipe and sorrow (for the glory of God and 
r>6 ) onopa na hepeann) a meo DO the honour of Ireland), how much the 

race of Gaedhal the son of Niul have 
gone under a cloud and darkness with- 
out a knowledge of the death or obit 
of saint or virgin, archbishop, bishop, 
abbot, or other noble dignitary of the 
Church, of king or prince, lord or 
pip na coirhpnfoh neich oibhpiohe ppi chieftain [and] of the synchronism or 

connexion of the one with the other. 
I explained to you that I thought I 
could get the assistance of the chroni- 
clers for whom I had most esteem, for 
writing a book of annals, in which the 



Deacaccap pliocr ^aoiDil meic Niuil 
po ciaij ) DopcaDap, jan piop ecca 
na oibfba Naoim, na bannaoime 
Qipoeppcoip, Gppcoip, na abbao, na 
uapal spaiDh eccailp oile, Rij, na 
Ruipij.cijeapna nacoipcch,comaim- 



apoile. Oo poillpjfpa Daoibp 
bo Doij Ifm 50 ppui jinn cuioiuccaD na 
ccpoimci^e ap ap mo mo rhfp Do chum 
leabaipQnnalaDDopccpfobabi ccuip- 
pibe i ccuimne na nfice pempaice, ~\ 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY. Ivii 

oa Ificcri ap caipoe gari a Sccpiobao aforesaid matters might be put on re- 

00 laraip nach ppuighri IOD oopiDipi cord ; and that, should the writing of 
le a ppopaicmfc,-] le a ccuimniuccab them be neglected at present, they 
j;o cpich,i 50 poipcfrm an bfcha. Oo would not again be found to be put on 
cpuinmccheao Ifm na leabaip Gnna- record or commemorated to the end 
lab ap pfppi aplfonmaipe ap mo Do and termination of the world. There 
bfioip Ifm opa^ail i nepinn uile (bioo were collected by me all the best and 
gup bfccup Dam a ccfcclamaD 50 most copious books of annals that I 
haom lonao) DO chum an leabaippi could find throughout all Ireland 
DO pccpiobao in bap nainmpi,-] in bap (though it was difficult for me to col- 
nonoip 6ip ap pib cucc luach paocaip ' lect them to one place), to write this 
DO na cpomici&ib lap po pccpiobao e, book in your name, and to your ho- 

1 bpaitrpe conuence Duin na ngall nour, for it was you that gave the re- 
DO caich coprap bfoh, -j ppiorailrhe ward of their labour to the chroniclers, 
piu map an cceona. ^ acn niaic Da by whom it was written ; and it was 
cnocpa Don leabop pin Da cabaipc the friars of the convent of Donegal 
polaipp DO each i ccoiccchinne ap that supplied them with food and at- 
ppibpi ap bfipche a buiohe,-] nip coip tendance in like manner. For every 
maccnaD, no longnab CD no lomcnuc good that will result from this book, 
DO bfic pa rhaicoa nomgenaD pib,6ip in giving light to all in general, it is 
apoopiolGimipmeicTTlileaDjfinpioc to you that thanks should be given, 
30 pijh DO piojaib epeann, -| a haen and there should exist no wonder or 
apcpf picciboonaomaib;on : Ca65 pin surprise, jealousy" or envy, at [any] 
macCein mic oiletla oluim op piolpac good that you do ; for you are of 
a hocc oecc DO na naomaib pin ap the race of Heber mac Mileadh, from 
eioip DO bpfir 6 jlun 50 jlun gup an whom descended thirty of the kings of 
caog ceona. Ro gablaighpioc -\ po Ireland, and sixty-one saints ; and to 
aiccpeabpac clann an UaiDg pin i Tadhg mac Cein mac Oilella Oluim, 
nionaDaib e^arhla ap puD 6peann .i. from whom eighteen of these saints 

h Jealousy. If O'Donnell were in the country under the name and patronage of any of the 

at the time, he ought to have felt great envy rival race of Oilioll Olum, much less to so petty 

and jealousy that the Four Masters should have a chieftain of that race as O'Gara. This will ap- 

committed this work, which treats of the O'Don- pear obvious from the Contention of the Bards, 

nells more than of any other family, to the world c Eighteen of these saints. Charles O'Conor, 



lyiii EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 

Sliochc Copbma,c ^ailfng illui 5 hn,b are sprung, you can be traced, genera- 

connacc op jemeabhaipp mumcip tion by generation. The descendants 

5 a6pa an Dei Ua Gajpa hi cconnac- of this Teige branched out, and mha- 

co,bh,i ohfjpa anT?uca,OCeapbaill bited various parts throughout Ireland, 

! nGle n o TTlfcha.p i nuib Caipfn, namely: the race of Cormac Gaileng 



o concob'aip i 



Oo 6fpba6 ap bap ccechcpa on 
puil uapail pn a oubpamap ace po 
bap njjemeatach, 

CX phfpgail uf jaoyia, 
Q rheic caiocc, 
meic oilealla, 
meic oiapmacca, 
meic eojhain, 
meic ompmaoa, 
meic eojhain, 
meic comalcaij oicc, 
meic comalcaij moip, 
meic Diapmacca, 
meic Raijhne, 
meic conjalatgh, 
meic oumnplebe, 



in Luighne-Connacht, from whom ye, 
the Muintir-Gadhra, the twoUi Eaghra 
in Connaught, and O'h-Eaghra of the 
Bute, O'Carroll of Ely, O'Meachair in 
Ui-Cairin, and O'Conor of Cianachta- 
Glinne-Geimhin, are descended. 

As a proof of your coming from this 
noble blood we have mentioned, here 
is your pedigree, 

Oh Fearghal O'Gadhra, thou son of 

Tadhg ! son of 

Oilioll, son of 

Diarmaid, son of 

Eoghan, son of 

Diarmaid, son of 

Eoghan, son of 

Tomaltach Og, son of 

Tomaltach More, son of 

Diarmaid, son of 

Raighne, son of 

Conghalach, son of 

Donnsleibhe, son of 



who felt no qualm of conscience at reducing the 
simple style of O'Clery to his own imitation of 
Dr. Johnson, translates this passage in the fol- 
lowing loose manner, without regard to the 
construction of the original. 

" In truth, every benefit derivable from our 
labours is due to your protection and bounty ; 



nor should it excite jealousy or envy that you 
stand foremost in this as in other services you 
have rendered your country ; for, by your birth, 
you are a descendant of the race of Heber, 
which gave Ireland thirty monarchs, and 
sixty-one of which race died in the odour of 
sanctity." 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 



lix 



rneic 

nieic ouinnplebe, 

meic concobhaip, 

meic Ruaipc, 

meic 5a6pa, o ploinnreap mumcip 

gaopa, 

meic glecneacam, 
meic Saopjapa, 
meic bece, 
meic plaiciopa, 
meic raichligh, 
meic cinopaolaio, 
meic Diapmaoa, 
meic pionnb'aipp, 
meic bpenamn, 
meic naccppaoic, 
meic pioeoin, 
meic pioocuipe, 
meic aipr cuipb, 
meic niab cuipb, 
meic luf o nainmnijceap luighne, 



meic 

meic cem, 

meic oilella oluim, 

meic moba nuaoac, 

meic mo&a nficc, 

meic ofipcc, 

meic ofipcccfmeab, 

meic enoa moncaom, 

meic loich moip, 

meic mopebip, 

meic muipfoaij mucna, 

meic eacbac 



Ruaidhri, son of 

Donsleibhe, son of 

Conchobhar, son of 

Ruarc, son of 

Gadhra, from whom the Muintir- 

Gadhra are surnamed, son of 
Glethnechan, son of 
Saerghas, son of 
Bee, son of 
Flaithius, son of 
Taichleach, son of 
Cinnfaeladh, son of 
Diarmaid, son of 
Finnbharr, son of 
Brenann, son of 
Nadfraech, son of 
Fiden, son of 
Fidhchuir, son of 
Art Corb, son of 
Niadh Corb, son of 
Lui, from whom the Luighne are 

named, son of 
Tadhg, son of 
Cian, son of 
Oilioll Olum, son of 
Modh Nuadhat, son of 
Modh Neid, son of 
Derg, son of 
Deirgtheineadh, son of 
Enda Monchaoin, son of 
Loich Mor, son of 
Mofebis, son of 
Muiredhach Muchna, son of 
Eochaidh Garv, son of 



h2 



Ix 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 



meic ouaic Dalca oeaohaoh, 

meic caipppe luipcc, 

meic lonnaccmaip, 

meic ma pebamain, 

meic aoamaip polrcain, 

meic pipcuipb, 

meic mo6a cuipb, 

meic cobraij caoim, 

meic pfccaba pijofipcc, 

meic luijofc IdijiD, 

meic eachoach, 

meic oilealla, 

meic aipr, 

meic lui jofc lairhoeipcc, 

meic eacoac uaipcep, 

meic luijoec lapDuino, 
meic enoa Deipcc, 
meic ouaich pmn, 
meic Seona lonnappaij, 
meic bpfippigh, 
meic aipc imlij, 
meic pfiblimib, 
meic Roceccaij, 
meic Roam pfjailij, 
meic pailbe lolcopaij, 
meic caip ceocoimgnij, 
meic pailofpccooio, 
meic mumeamoin, 
meic caip clocai j, 
meic pip apoa, 
meic Roceccaij, 
meic Poppa, 
meic glaipp, 
meic nuaoac ofglam, 



Duach Dalta Deadhadh, son of 
Cairbre Lose, son of 
Innadmhar, son of 
Nia Sedhamuin, son of 
Adamar Foltchain, son of 
Fercorb, son of 
Modh Corb, son of 
Cobhthach Caemh, son of 
Kechtadh Righdhearg, son of 
Lughaidh Lagha, son of 
Eochaidh, son of 
Oilioll, son of 
Art, son of 

Lughaidh Laimhdhearg, son of 
Eochaidh Uairches, son of 

Lughaidh lardhunn, son of 

Enda Dearg, son of 

Duach Finn, son of 

Sedna Innarrach, son of 

Bresrigh, son of 

Art Imleach, son of 

Feidhlimidh, son of 

Rothechtach, son of 

Roan Righaileach, son of 

Failbhe lolcorach, son of 

Cas Cedcoimhgneach. 

Faildeargdoid, son of 

Muineamhon, son of 

Cas Clothach, son of 

Ferarda, son of 

Rothechtach, son of 

Ross, son of 

Glass, son of 

Nuadhat Deaghlamh, son of 



EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 



Ixi 



meic eacDac poobapglaip, 

meic conmaoil, 

meic eimhip pirm, 

meic milea6 eppainne, 

meic bile, 

meic bpeojcnn, 

meic bpacha, 

meic oeaacha, 

meic eapcaDa, 

meic alooiD, 

meic nuaDaicr, 

meic ninuail, 

meic eimip jlaip, 

meic agnoin pino, 

meic eimip gluinpmD, 

meic laimpinn, 

meic agnamam, ec cecepa. 

Gn t>apa la pichfc DO mi lanuapg 
anno Domini 1632, DO cionnpgnaoh an 
leabop po i cconueinc Ohnin na njall, 
-] Do cpiochnaighfoh ipm cconueinr 
ceona an Deachmaoh la oaugupc, 
1636. Qn caonmaD bbabain oecc DO 
pijhe ap Righ Cappolup op Sa^ain, 
Ppainc, Qlbain, -] op Gipinn. 

6hap ccapa lonmain, 

michee, o 



Eochaidh Faebharghlas, son of 

Comnael, son of 

Eimher Finn, son of 

Mileadh, son of 

Bile, son of 

Breogan, son of 

Bratha, son of 

Death a, son of 

Earchadh, son of 

Aldod, son of 

Nuadhat, son of 

Ninual, son of 

Eimher Glas, son of 

Agnon Finn, son of 

Eimhir Gluinfinn, son of 

Laimhfmn, son of 

Agnaman. 

On the twenty-second day of the 
month of January, Anno Domini 1632, 
this book was commenced in the 
convent of Dun-na-nGall ; and it was 
finished in the same convent on the 
tenth day of August, 1636, the eleventh 
year of the reign of our King Charles 
over England, France, Alba, and over 

Eire. 

Your affectionate friend, 

BROTHER MICHAEL O'CLERY. 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 



na haichpe DO UpD .3. J.HE fathers of the Franciscan order 

Pponpeip chuippfp a lamha ap po who shall put their hands on this 

050 piaohnujhaoh gup ab e pfpghal do bear witness that it was Fearghal 

6 5 aDnna cucc a P an mbpachaip O'Gadhra that prevailed on Brother 

TTIichel o Clepicch na CpomiciDe -] Michael O'Clerigh to bring together 

an caop ealaohna DO chpuinDiujab the chroniclers and learned men, by 

co haoin lonaoh lap po pccpiobhaoh whom were transcribed the books of 

leabhcnp oipip -\ Gnnala na hGpiono history and Annals of Ireland (as much 

(an riificc pob eioip opaghail le a of them as it was possible to find to be 

pccpiobaoh Diob) i j;op ab e an pfp- transcribed), and that it was the same 

ghal ceona cucc loighioeachc boib Fearghal that gave them a reward* for 

ap a pccpiobhaoh. their writing. 

Qca an leabhap panoca ap 66, The book is divided into two [parts]. 

Ctp e ionaoh in po p^piobaoh e 6 chup The place at which it was transcribed, 

co Dfipfoh i cconuenc bpachap Oum from beginning to end, was the convent 

Gave them a reward. Charles O'Conor trans- them liberally for their labour." 

lates this loosely, as follows : The reader will, however, observe that thene 

" The fathers of the Franciscan Order, sub- are no words in the original Irish of O'Clery 

scribers hereunto, do certify that Ferall O'Gara to correspond with O'Conor's nobleman or liber- 

was the nobleman who prevailed on Brother Mi- ally, here marked in Italics. The Editor has 

chael O'Clery to bring together the antiquaries discovered no clue to determine how libe- 

and chronologers, who compiled the following rally O'Gara paid the chroniclers, but feels 

Annals (such as it was in their power to collect), satisfied that the sum he paid them was very 

and that Ferrall O'Gara, aforesaid, rewarded, trifling. 



lxiv APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 

na n 5 all, ap a mb,a6 n ap a b F pioch- of the Friars of Dun-na-nGall, they 

a,lfmh Ooc,onn rC cna6 lD opccp,o- supplying food and attendance. The 

baoh an c6,o leabhap be ,pnConuenc first book was begun and transcribed 

chfccna an blia6am p 1632, " ran in the same convent this year, 1632, 

po ba6 5 a,po,an an cacha.p bepnap- when Father Bernardme O Clery was 

om 6 Clepicch. Guardian. 

Q r race na Cpo.nicibe, i an caop The chroniclers and learned men who 

ealaohna DO bdccap ace pccpiobaoh were engaged in extracting and tran- 

an leabaip pin, 1 a 5 a chf 5 lamaoh a scribing this book from various books, 

leabpatb eccparhla an bpachaip TTlf- were : Brother Michael O'Clerigh ; 

chel 6 Clepicch, TTluipip mac Copna Maurice, the son of Torna O'Mael- 

iri TTlhaoilconaipe ppi pe aoin miopa ; chonaire, for one month ; Ferfeasa, the 

pfppfpa mac Lochlamo uf TTlaofl- son of Lochlainn O'Maelchonaire, both 

chonaipe.iaiccpoheina nofp a concae of the county of Ros Chomain ; Cucog- 

Roppa commain, Cucoigcpiche 6 cle- criche O'Clerigh, of the county of Dun- 

picch a concae Ohum na ngall, cucoi- na-nGall ; Cucoigcriche O'Duibhgen- 

jcpiche oDuibgCnDdinaconcaeliach nain, of the county of Liath-druim ; 

Dpoma,-| conaipe 6 clepicch a concae and Conaire O'Clerigh, of the county 

Duin no ngalt. of Donegal. 

Q ciao na p fmleabaip po bhacop These are the old books they had : 
oca, leabhap cluana tnic noip in po thebooko.fCluain-mic-Nois b , [a church] 
bfhnaijNaoirhchiapdnTnac ancpaofp. blessed by Saint Ciaran, son of the 
Leabap oilem na nafm pop loch Ribh, carpenter ; the book of the Island of 
Leabhap Shfnaioh mec TTlaghnuppa Saints , in Loch Ribh ; the book of Sea- 
pop Loch Gpne Leabap cloinne tii nadh Mic Maghnusa d , in Loch Erne ; 

b The book of Cluain-mic-Nois. The original know the present representative of theLismoyny 
of this is now unknown ; but there are several branch. The Editor has added from this trans- 
copies of a translation of it, made in 1627, by lation many long passages omitted by the Four 
Connell Mageoghegan, Esq., of Lismoyny, in the Masters. 

countj of Westmeath, one in the British Mu- c The book of the Island of all Saints This 

seum, another in the Library of Trinity College, manuscript is now unknown. 

Dublin, F. 3. 19, a third in the library of the " Book of Seanadh Mic Maghnusa Now called 

Marquis of Drogheda, and others in the hands the Annals of Ulster See note ', under the 

of private individuals. The original was in the year 1307, p. 489 ; note ", under 1408, p. 795 ; 

Mageoghegan family, but the Editor does not and note \ under the year 1498, p. 1240, infra. 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 



Ixv 



TTlaoilconaipe,Lebap muincepeOuib- 
Sfnndin chillel?6ndin,-] leabap oipipfn 
Leacain meic pipbipicch ppfch chuca 
mp pcpiobhaoh upriioip an leab'aip, -\ 
ap po pcpiobhpacc jach lionmaip- 
eachc oa bpuaippfcr (Ranjacop a 
Ifp) nac paibe ip na ceicc leabpaib 
bdcop aca, ap nf Baof i leabap cluana, 
ina pop i leabhap an oilem ache jup 
an mbliaoam pi oaoip ap ccijhfpna 
1227. 



the book of the Claim Ua Maelcho- 
naire ; the book of the O'Duigenans, 
of Kilronan f ; the historical book of 
Lecan Mic Firbisigh g , which was pro- 
cured for them after the transcription 
of the greater part of the book [work], 
and from which they transcribed every 
copious matter they found which they 
deemed necessary, which was not in 
the first books they had, for neither the 
book of Cluain, nor the book of the 
Island, were [carried] beyond the year 
of the age of our Lord, 1227. 



Seanadh Mic Maims, now Belleisle, is aD island 
in Lough Erne, the property of the Rev. Gray 
Porter, who has recently erected a house upon 
it. 

' The book of the Clann Ua Maelchonaire. 
Now unknown. It is frequently quoted by 
O'Flaherty, in his marginal additions to the 
copy of these Annals, preserved in the Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin, H. 2. 11. 

' The book of the Muinrdir-Duibhgennain of 
Cill-Ronain, There is a most curious and valu- 
able manuscript volume of Irish annals, which 
was in the possession of the O'Duigenans, pre- 
served in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, 
H. 1. 19; but it does not appear to be the one 
used by the Four Masters. It perfectly accords 
with all the passages quoted by Ware and Harris 
from the Annals of Lough Kee ; and it may be 
safely conjectured that it is a compilation made 
by the O'Duigenans from the Annals of Lough 
Kee, Roscommon, and Kilronan. The Editor has 
made copious additions to the work of the Four 
Masters from this manuscript, calculated to 
throw much light on historical facts but slightly 
touched upon by the Masters themselves. 



g The historical book of Lecan Mic Firbisigh. 
This book is now unknown ; but there is a good 
abstract of some annals, which belonged to the 
Mac Firbises, made by the celebrated Duald 
Mac Firbis, now preserved in the Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin, H. 1. 18. This abstract 
is styled Chronicum Scotorum by the transcriber, 
who states that he shortened or abstracted it 
from a larger work of the Mac Firbises, omitting 
every thing, except what relates to the Scoti or 
Milesians. The same Duald, or Dudley, also 
translated, in the year 1666, a portion of the 
Annals of Ireland, extending from 1443 to 1468, 
for the use of Sir James Ware. This translation 
has been recently printed for the Irish Archaeo- 
logical Society. See the Miscellany, p. 198, and 
the Editor's notes, pp. 263-302. From this 
translation the Editor has supplied, in the 
notes, many passages omitted by the Four Mas- 
ters. 

The Annals of the Mac Firbises are also fre- 
quently quoted by O'Flaherty, in his marginal 
additions to the Trinity College copy of the 
Annals of the Four Masters, all which additions 
the Editor has printed in the notes. 



lxvi APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 

Do cionnpccnaoh an oapa leabhap The second book [volume], which 

oapab copach an bliaoain pi 1208, an begins with the year 1208, was com- 

blmbain pi oaoipCpiopcmpobasaip- menced this year of the age of Christ, 

omn an cachaip Cpiopcoip Ulcach 1635, in which Father Christopher 

1635,1 oo pccpiobaoh an chum oile Ultach [Donlevy] was guardian, and 

6e 50 1608 an cheo bliaoam in po the other part of it, to the year 1608, 

baoh sapoian an cachaip bepnapom was transcribed the first year in which 

O Clepicch oopioipi. Qn bpachaip Father Bernardin O'Clerigh, Brother 

TTlicel O Clepijjh a oub'pamop, Cu- Michael O'Clerigh aforesaid, Cucoig- 

coicccpiche 6 Clepijh -| Conaipe 6 criche O'Clerigh, and Conaire O'Cle- 

Clepicch oo pcpiobh an leabap oeioh- righ, transcribed the last book [vo- 

fnach ochd 1332 50 1608. Qp lac lume], from 1332 to 1608. These are 

no leabaip ap po pcpiobpac an cpiap the books from which these three tran- 

pempdiceuprhop an leabaip, an leabap scribed the greatest part of this book : 

cfcna pin clomne uf ITlaoilconaipe 50 the same book of the O'Mulconrys, as 

mile cuicc ceo a 01115, 1 a P ' r' n an ^ ar as ^ e 7 ear one thousand five hun- 

bliabam ofiofnach baoi ano, leabap dred and five, and this was the last year 

no muincipe ouibhsfnocm cap a ccan- which it contained ; the book of the 

jamap o chd naoi cceo 50 mile cuicc O'Duigenans, of which we have spoken, 

ceo Seapccacc a cpi, Ceabap SeanaiD from [the year] nine hundred to one 

mec TTlashnupa ma paib'e co TTlile thousand five hundred sixty-three ; the 

cuicc ceo cpiochac ao6, blab DO book of Seanadh-Mic Maghnusa, which 

leabap Choncoicccpiche meic Diap- extended to one thousand five hundred 

macca mic Uamhg caimm ui clepigh thirty-two ; a portion of the book of 

on mbliaoain pi TTlfle oa cheo, ochc- Cucogry, the son of Dermot h , son of 

mojhacc a haon, co mile cuicc ceo Tadhg Cam O'Clerigh, from the year 

cpiochacc a Seachc, Leabap TTlec one thousand two hundred and eighty- 

bpuaiofoha TTlhaolin oicc on mbliab- one, to one thousand five hundred and 

am pi 171 ile, cuij ceo, ochcmoghac a thirty-seven ; the book of Mac Bru- 

hochc, 50 mile 86 ceo a cpi, Leabhap aideadha 1 (Maoilin Og) from the year 

h Cucogry, son of Dermot.Re was the great- He flourished about the year 1537. His book 

grandfather of Cucogry or Peregrine O'Clery, is now unknown, 

one of the Four Masters. -See Genealogies, ' The book of Mac 

Inbes, and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 83. to the Editor. 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 



Ixvii 



Lughach uf clepish, 6 TTlhfle, cuicc 
ceo, ochcniojhac, a Se, 50 ITli'le, Se 
cheD a DO. 



Oo chonncamop na leabaip pin uile 
05 an afp ealaona cap a ccansamop 
Roriiamn ] leabaip oipipfn oile nach 
mcc po ba6 eirhelc oammniujaD. Oo 
ofpbao gac nee Dap pcpiobaoh annpin 
Romainn Gcaimne na pfppanna po 
pfop 05 cop ap lam ap po hi cconuenc 
Ohum na ngall an oeachmao la Do 
Qujupc, aoip Chpiopc TTlile, 8e cheo, 
rpiochar a Se. 

FB. BEKNARDINUS CLEKY, 

Guardianus Dungalensis. 

bpacaip TTluipip Ullcach. 

bparaip TTluipip Ullcac. 

bpacaip bonauancupa o Oorhnill, 
Leacoip lubilac. 



one thousand five hundred eighty-eight, 
to one thousand six hundred and three ; 
the book of Lughaidh O'Clerigh, from 
one thousand five hundred eighty-six, 
to one thousand six hundred two. 

We have seen all these books with the 
learned men, of whom we have spoken 
before, and other historical books be- 
sides them. In proof of every thing 
which has been written above, the fol- 
lowing persons are putting their hands 
on this, in the convent of Donegal, the 
tenth day of August, the age of Christ 
one thousand six hundred thirty-six. 

BROTHER BERNARDINE O'CLERY, 

Guardian of Donegal. 
BROTHER MAURICE ULLTACH, 
BROTHER MAURICE ULLTACH, 
BROTHER BONA VENTURA O'DoNNELL k , 
Jubilate Lector. 



k Brother Bonaventura G'Donnell. This was 
made O'Donnell (Prince of Tirconnell) in the 
translation used by Mr. Petrie. Manus, son of 
Sir Niall Garve, and Hugh O'Donnell of Ramel- 
ton, who was a member of the Parliament of 



the Confederate Catholics, held at Kilkenny on 
the 10th of January, 1647, were the most dis- 
tinguished members of the family at this period, 
but neither of them appears to have patronized 
this work. 



i2 



Ixviii 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 



The Mowing approbations of the work of the Four Masters are 
prefixed to the copy in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, in the 
handwriting of the scribe. The autograph originals of the same are 
in the copy deposited in the College of St. Isidore, at Rome, as the 
Editor was informed by the late Dr. Lyons, of Kilmore-Erns. 

Oo Bfcin 50 ccdinic an bpdcaip Whereas the poor friar, Michael 

bocc TTlicel O Cleipij (maille le O'Clery (in obedience to his superior, 

humlacc a uaccapdm, an cacaip Father Joseph Everard, Provincial of 

lopeph Guepapo, ppouinpial Uipo the Order of St. Francis in Ireland) 

8. Ppoinpeip i nGpino), oom lonn- came to me to shew me this book, I 1 , 

paicchib DO caipben an leabaip pi Flann, son of Cairbre Mac Aedhagain, 

bam, acupa plarm, mac Caipppe of Baile-Mhic- Aedhagain, in the county 

TTlic Qebaccdm, 6 bhaile TTlhic deb- of Tibrat-Arann, DO TESTIFY THAT, 

accdin, i cconcae Chiobpac-Clpann, though many were the books of history 

05 d piabnuccab, jep bo hiomba lea- of the old books of Ireland which I 

bap aipip DO connapc DO peinleabpaib saw, and though numerous the uncer- 

Gpeann, "| jep bo Uonrhap an nuimip tain number of ancient and modern 

eccince DO leabpaib aopoa -| nem- books which I saw written and being 

aopoa, pgpiobca, -| acca p^pfobab oo transcribed in the school of John, son 

connapc i pcoil Seaam mic Uopna Ui of Torna Ua Maelchonaire, the tutor 

TTlhaoilconaipe, oioe peap nGpeann of the men of Ireland in general in his- 

hi ccoiccmne, hi pencup -| hi ccpomic, tory and chronology, and who had all 

1 aga mbdoap a paib i nGpmn 05 poj- that were in Ireland learning that sci- 

lam na healabna pin 50 ceaccapc ence under his tuition, I HAVE NOT 

aicce, nac peacabap ecoppa pin uile seen among them all any book of better 

aon leabap ap peapp opo, ap coic- order, more general, more copious, or 

cinne, ap Ifonmaipe, -\ ap mo ap in- more to be approved of, as a book of 

riiolca map leabap aipip -| annal, ind history and annals, than this book. I 

an leabap pa. Uleapaini pop nac think also that no intelligent person 



1 1 , do testify. Dr. O'Conor, mistaking the meaning of acu-pa, the old form of aruimpe, 

/ am, translates this te testante. 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 



Ixix 



eioip le ouine ap bic cuiccp lonac no 
cuain no oeglaip, nole healabam, Da 
leipe e a lochruccab. Oo bepbab 
an neire pempdice acdm accpccpibab 
mo laime aip po ipm mbaile TTlhic 
Gebaaccdm a oubapc, 2. Nouemb. 
1636. 

plann TTlac Q 000501 n. 



whatever, of the laity or clergy, or of 
the professions, who shall read it, can 
possibly find fault with it. In attesta- 
tion of which thing aforesaid, I here 
put my hand on this, at the Baile-Mhic- 
Aedhagain aforesaid, the 2nd of No- 
vember, 1636. 

FLANN MAC AODHAGAIN. 



Udmic an bpdcaip bocc TTlicel 
O Clepig, amaille le humplacc a 
uacoapdin, an cacaip lopeph Gue- 
papo, Ppouinpial Uipo S. phpoinpeip, 
com laraip Do lecchab ~\ DO caipbe- 
nab an leabaip aipip i annalab Do 
P5pfobab laip ~| lap an aoip ealabna 
oile, ipa lama aca aip, ~\ lap na peu- 
cain i lap na bpeacnujab bam, acupa 
TTlac bpuameaba, Concobap, mac 
TTlaoilin Oig 6 Chill Chaoioe -| 6 
Leicip TTlaolam i cconcae an Chldip, 
agd piabnujab 50 bpuil an leabap 
mmolca.i na cumain linn leabap aipip 
no annal opaicpm ap mo ap peapp ~\ 
aplionmaipe coicchmne apGpinn uile 
ma an leabap po,-| gup ab Doilij coi- 
beim, locDujao na incpeacab opajail 
aip. Dobeapbabap a noubapcacdim 
05 cup mo laime aip i cCill Chaoioe, 
ii Nou. 1636. 

CONNER MAC BRODY, Da ngoiprep 
TTlac bpuaoan. 



The poor friar, Michael O'Clery, in 
obedience to his superior, Father Jo- 
seph Everard, Provincial of the Order 
of St. Francis, came before me to read 
and exhibit the book of history and 
annals written by himself and the other 
professional men, whose hands are upon 
it ; and after having viewed and exa- 
mined it, I, Mac Bruaidin-Conchobhar, 
son of Maeilin Og of Cill-Chaeide [Kil- 
keedy] and Leitir-Maelain, in the county 
of Clare, Dp TESTIFY that this book is 
recommendable, and that we do not 
remember having seen a book of his- 
tory or annals larger, better, or more 
generally copious in treating of all Ire- 
land, than this book; and that it is 
difficult to find fault with, censure, or 
criticise it. To attest what I have said, 
I now put my hand upon it at Cill- 
Chaeide, the llth November, 1636. 

CONNER MAC BRODY, called 
MAC BRUODIN. 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. 

; - Vis. testimoniis et approbationibus eorum qui pra.cipui sunt Antiquarn 
Rerun, nostrarum, et lingua, ac historic peritissim* ac expert,^, de 
et intestate fratris Michaelis O'Cleri, Ordinis Seraph 1C1 S. France, in opere 
quod intitulatur, Angles Regni Hibemi* in duas partes dmso, quarum pnma 
continet a diluvio ad annum Christi Millesimum ducentesimum vigesimum septi- 
mum secunda vero continet ad milesimum sexcentesimum octavum, colligendo, 
castigando, et illustr a ndo,-Nos Malachias, Dei et Apostolic* Sedis gratia, Ar- 
chiepiscopus Tuamensis, et Connaci* Primas, prarfatum opus approbamus 
dignissiinum ut in lucem reddatur, ad Dei gloriam, Patrias honorem, < 
munem utilitatem censemus. 

" Datum Galvias 14 Cal. Decembris, 1636. 

" MALACHIAS, AECHIEPISCOPUS TUAMENSIS." 

" Visis testimoniis, et authenticis peritorum approbationibus, do hoc opere, 
per Fr. Michaelem Clery Ordinis Laicum fratrem collecto, libenter iUud appro- 
bamus, ut in publicum lucem edatur. 

"Datum Ros-rield, 27 Novemb. 1636. 

" FK. BOETIUS" ELPHIN, Eps. 

" Opus cui titulus Annales Regni Hiberniw a Fr. Michaele Clery, Laico 
Ordinis S. Francisci de observantia, summa fide exaratum, prout testantur 
Synographa Virorum Doctissimorum, quibus merito Nos multum deferentes, 
illud praelo dignissum censemus. 

" Actum Dublinii, 8 Febr. 1636. 

" FK. THOMAS FLEMING, Arch. Dublin, Hibernwe Primas!' 

" De hoc Opere quod intitulatur Annales Regni Hibernice, in duas partes 
diviso, quarum prima continet a Diluvio ad annum Christi 1227, secundo vero 
continet ad millesimum sexcentesimum octavum, quern Fr. Michael Clery 

m Malachias, Archiepiscopus Tuamensis. He naught, pp. 74, 93. 

was Malachy O'Cadhla, or O'Keely, Roman Ca- " Boetius. He was Boetius Baethghalach Mac 

tholic or titular Archbishop of Tuam See Aedhagain, or Mac Egan, Roman Catholic Bishop 

Hardiman's edition of O'Flaherty's West Con- of Elphin. 



APPROBATIONS OF THE WORK. Ixxi 

Ordinis S. Francisci, ad communem patriot utilitatera collegit, non aliter cen- 
semus quam censores a Rev. admodum Patre Provincial! ejus Fratris D. Flo- 
rentius Kegan et D. Cornelius Bruodin, pro eodem opere inspiciendo, exami- 
nando, et approbando vel reprobando assignati, judicaverunt, et decreverunt. 
Nos enim eosdem tanquam peritissimos lingua? Hiberuicas, et in omnibus His- 
toriis et Patriaj Chronologiis versatissimos existimamus. Quapropter illorum 
censuras, et judicio de prefato opere fratris M. Clery, in omnibus confirmamus. 
In quorum fidem, his manu propria subscripsimus. Datum in loco nostns 
mansionis die 8 Jan. A. D. 1637. 

" FR. ROCHUS KlLDARENS." 







B 




emeaNN. 



oomam juy> an mbliabomp na oiteano, DO rhile oa ceao ba picfc -| 
DO bliabom. Ceacpaca la pia noilinn cainig Cearoip 50 hGipinn, 50 ccaogaio 
ranjfn, -, 50 ccpiap bpfp, bioc, Labpa, i pioneoin a nanmanna. Ctobar 
La6pa i nClpo Labpann,-] ap uab ammnijcfp. ba hfipbe cfona mapb 6pionn. 
Qcbach bioc i Sleb bfca, co po habnacc i cCapn Slebe bfca, conaD uab 



m The age of the world. This is according to 
the computation of the Septuagint, as given by 
St. Jerome in his edition of the Chronicon of 
Eusebius, from whom, no doubt, the Four Mas- 
ters took this date. His words are : "AbAdam 
usque ad Diluvium anni sunt MMCCXLII. 
Secundum Hebrseorum numerum MDCLVI." 

According to the Annals of Clonmacnoise and 
various ancient Irish historical poems, 1656 years 
had elapsed from the Creation to the Flood, which 
was the computation of the Hebrews See 
Keating's History of Ireland (Haliday's edition, 
p. 145), and Dr. O'Conor's Prolegomena ad An- 
nales, p. li., and from p. cxxvii. to cxxxv. 

b Ceasair This story of the coming of 

Ceasair, the grand- daughter of Noah, to Ire- 
land, is given in the Book of Leinster, fol. 2, b ; 
in all the copies of the Book of Invasions ; 
in the Book of Fenagh ; and in Giraldus Cam- 
brensis's Topographia Hibernica, dist. ii. c. 1 . It 
is also given in Mageoghegan's translation of 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise ; but the translator 
remarks : " my author, Eochy O'Flannagan, 
giveth no credit to that fabulous tale." Hanmer 



also gives this story, as does Keating ; but they 
do not appear to believe it, " because," says the 
latter, " I cannot conceive how the Irish anti- 
quaries could have obtained the accounts of 
those who arrived in Ireland before the Flood, 
unless they were communicated by those aerial 
demons, or familiar sprites, who waited on them 
in times of paganism, or that they found them 
engraved on stones after the Deluge had sub- 
sided." The latter opinion had been propounded 
by Giraldus Cambrensis (ubi supra), in the 
twelfth century : " Sed forte in aliqua materia 
inscripta, lapidea scilicet vel lateritia (sicut de 
arte Musica legitur ante diluvium) inventa isto- 
rum memoria, fuerat reseruata." 

O'Flaherty also notices this arrival of Ceasair, 
"forty days before the Flood, on the 15th day 
of the Moon, being the Sabbath." In the Chro- 
nicon Scotorum, as transcribed by Duald Mac 
Firbis, it is stated that this heroine was a daugh- 
ter of a Grecian. The passage runs as follows : 

" Kl. u. f. 1. x. M. ix. c. ix. Anno Mundi. In 
hoc anno venit filia alicvjus de Greets ad Hiber- 
niam, cui women Heru vel Berbha [Banbha], vel 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 






THE Age of the World a , to this Year of the Deluge, 2242. Forty days 
before the Deluge, Ceasair" came to Ireland with fifty girls and three men ; 
Bith, Ladhra, and Fintain, their names. Ladhra died at Ard-Ladhrann d , and 
from him it is named. He was the first that died' in Ireland. Bith died at 
Sliabh Beatha f , and was interred in the earn of Sliabh Beatha 6 , and from him 



Cesar, et Lfilice, et in. viri cum ea. Ladhra guber- 
nator fuit qui primus in Hibernia tumulatus est. 
Hoc non narrant Antquarii Scotorum." 

c Ireland. According to the Book of Lecan, 
foL 272, a, the Leabhar-Gabhala of the O'Clerys, 
and Keating's History of Ireland, they put in at 
Dun-na-mbarc, in Corca-Duibhne, now Corca- 
guiny, a barony in the west of Kerry. There 
is no place in Corcaguiny at present known as 
having borne the name ; and the Editor is of 
opinion that " Corca Duibhne" is an error of 
transcribers for " Corca-Luighe," and that the 
place referred to is Dun-na-m-barc, in Corca- 
Luighe, nowDunamark, in the parish of Kilcom- 
moge, barony of Bantry, and county of Cork. 

d Ard-Ladlirann : L e. Ladhra' s Hill or Height. 
This was the name of a place on the sea coast, in 
the east of the present county of Wexford. The 
name is now obsolete ; but the Editor thinks 
that it was applied originally to Ardamine, in 
the east of the county of Wexford, where there 

is a curious moat near the sea coast See Col- 

gan's Ada. Sanctorum, pp. 210, 217, and Duald 
Mac Firbis's Genealogical work (Marquis of 

B 



Drogheda's copy, pp. 23, 210, 217). The tribe 
of Cinel-Cobhthaigh were seated at this place. 

e The first that died, $c. Literally, "the first 
dead [man] of Ireland." Dr. O' Conor renders 
this : " Occisus est Ladra apud Ard-Ladron, et 
ab eo nominatur. Erat ista prima occisio in 
Hibernia." But this is very incorrect, and shews 
that this translator had no critical knowledge 
of the language of these Annals. Connell Ma- 
geoghegan, who translated the Annals of Clon- 
macnoise in 1627, renders itthus: " He was the 
first that ever dyed in Ireland, of whom Ard- 
Leyrenn (where he died, and was interred) took 
the name." 

f Sliabh Beatha: i. e. Bith's Mountain. Now 
anglice Slieve Beagh, a mountain on the confines 

of the counties of Fermanagh and Monaghan 

Seethe second part of these Annals, note", under 
the year 1501, p. 1260. 

8 Cam of Sliabh Beatha This earn still exists, 
and is situated on that part of the mountain of 
Slieve Beagh which extends across a portion of 
the parish of Clones belonging to the county 
of Fermanagh. See note n , under A. D. 1593. If 



Ric-shachca 



[2527- 



paiciop in pliab. Clcbach Ceapoip i cCuil Cfppa hi cConDachcaib, 50 po 
habnachc hi cCapn Cfppa. lp 6 pioncoin cpa peapc pioncoin op Loch 
Ofipjoeipc. 

O Oilmo 50 po gab papralon 6pe 278, -\ aoip Domain an can Do piachc 
ince, 2520. 

Qoip Domain an can cainij papcalon i nGpmn, Da mile cuicc ceD ] pice 
bliabom. Clciao na coipij baDap laip, Slamge, Laijlinne -\ Rubpmbe, a cpf 
mfic, Dealccnac, Nepba, Ciocba, -\ CfpbnaD a ccfceopa mna. 

Qoip Domain, Da mile cuijj ceo pice a pfchc. pea mac Uopcon, mic Spu 
DO 65 an bliabompi hi TTluij pea, i po ha&nachc i nOolpoib TTloije pea, 
conab uaba ainmnijceap an maj. 

Qoip Domain, Da mile cuicc ceo cpiocha. lp an mbliabainpe po cuipfb 
in chfo each i n6pinn .1. Cioccal ^pijfncopach, mac <5 ui ^lj ' c <5 ai pk opo- 
mopchuib, i a rhacaip cangacop i nGpinn, occ ccfo a lion, 50 po cinpfb cac 



this earn be ever explored, it may furnish evi- 
dences of the true period of the arrival of Bith. 

11 Carn-Ceasra, in Connaught 0' Flaherty 

states in his Ogygia, part iii. c. i., that Knock- 
mea, a hill in the barony of Clare, and county 
of Galway, is thought to be this Carn-Ceasra, 
and that Cuil-Ceasra was near it. This hill has 
on its summit a very ancient earn, or sepulchral 
heap of stones ; but the name of Ceasair is not 
remembered in connexion with it, for it is 
believed that this is the earn of Finnbheara, 
who is believed by the peasantry to be king of 
the fairies of Connaught. Giraldus Cambrensis 
states (ubi supra) that the place where Ceasair 
was buried was called Ccesarce tumulus in his 
own time : " Littus igitur in quo navis ilia 
primum applicuit, nauicularum littus vocatur, 
& in quo prafata tumulata est Csesara usque 
hodie Caesarae tumulus nominatur." But O'Fla- 
herty's opinion must be wrong, for in Eochaidh 
O'Flynn's poem on the early colonization of 
Ireland, as in the Book of Leinster, fol. 3, Carn- 
Ceasra is placed "op 6uiU mfpr-aib" over the 
fruitful [River] Boyle. It is distinctly stated 



in the Leabhar Gabhala of the O'Clerys that 
Carn- Ceasair was on the bank of the River Boyle 
[6uill], and that Cuil-Ceasra was in the same 
neighbourhood. Cuil-Ceasra is mentioned in 
the Annals of Kilronan, at the year 1571, as on 
the River Boyle. 

i Feart-Fintan : i. e. Fintain's Grave. This 
place, which was . otherwise called Tultuine, is 
described as in the territory of Aradh, over 
Loch Deirgdheirc, now Lough Derg, an expan- 
sion of the Shannon, between Killaloe and Por- 
tumna. According to a wild legend, preserved 
in Leabhar-na-h- Uidhri, in the Library of the 
Royal Irish Academy, this Fintan survived the 
Deluge, and lived till the reign of Dermot, son 
of Fergus Ceirbheoil, having during this period 
undergone various transmigrations ; from which 
O'Flaherty infers that the Irish Druids held the 
doctrine of the Metempsychosis : " Ex hao 
autem fabula colligere est Pythagoricae ac Pla- 
tonics; scholse de animarum migratione, seu in 
queevis corpora reditu deliramenta apud Ethni- 
cos nostros viguisse." Ogygia, p. 4. 

This Fintan is still remembered in the tradi- 



2527.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



the mountain is named. Ceasair died at Cuil-Ceasra, in Connaught, and was 
interred in Carn-Ceasra". From Fintan is [named] Feart-Fintain', over Loch 
Deirgdheirc. 

From the Deluge until Parthalon took possession of Ireland 278 years ; and 
the age of the world when he arrived in it, 2520. 

The age of the world" when Parthalon came into Ireland, 2520 years. 
These were the chieftains who were with him : Slainge, Laighlinne, and Rudh- 
raidhe, his three sons ; Dealgnat, Nerbha, Ciochbha, and Cerbnad, their four 
wives. 

The Age of the World, 2527. Fea, son of Torton, son of Sru, died this 
year at Magh-Fea', and was interred at Dolrai-Maighe-Fea ; so that it was from 
him the plain is named. 

The Age of the World, 2530. In this year the first battle was fought in 
Ireland ; i. e. Cical Grigenchosach, son of Goll, son of Garbh, of the Fomorians, 
and his mother 1 ", came into Ireland, eight hundred in number, so that a battle 
was fought between them [and Parthalon's people] at Sleamhnai-Maighe-Ithe", 



ticms of the country as the Mathusalem of Ire- 
land ; and it is believed in Connaught that he 
was a saint, and that he was buried at a locality 
called Kilfintany, in the south of the parish of 
Kilcommon, barony of Erris, and county of 
Mayo. Dr. Hanmer says that this traditional 
fable gave rise to a proverb, common in Ireland 
in his own time, " If I had lived Fintati^s years, 
I could say much." 

k The age of the world. The Annals of Clon- 
macnoise synchronize the arrival of Parthalon 
with the twenty-first year of the age of the 
Patriarch Abraham, and the twelfth year of 
the reign of Semiramis, Empress of Assyria, 
A. M. 1969, or 313 years after the Flood. 
O'Flaherty adopts this chronology in his Ogygia, 
part iii. c. ii. Giraldus Cambrensis writes that 
" Bartholanus Sera: films de stirpe Japhet filii 
Noe" came to Ireland in the three hundredth 
year after the Deluge. 

1 Magh-Fea : i. e. Fea's Plain. This was the 
name of a level plain in the present barony of 



Forth, and county of Carlow. Keating states 
in his History of Ireland (reign of Olioll Molt) 
that the church of Cill-Osnadha (now Kellis- 
town), four (large Irish) miles to the east of 
Leighlin, was situated in this plain. The barony 
of Forth, or O'Nolan's country, comprised all 
this plain, and was from it called Fotharta-Fea, 
to distinguish it from the barony of Forth 
in the county of "Wexford, which was called 
Fotharta-an-Chairn, from Carnsore Point. 

m His mother: a rhucaip. Dr. O'Conor prints 
this math oir, and translates it " Duces Orien- 
tales," which shews that he did not take the 
trouble to compare the older accounts of this 
story. It is stated in the Leabhar Gabhala of 
the O'Clerys, and in Keating's History of Ireland, 
that this Cical and his mother, Lot Luaimneach, 
had been in Ireland before Partholan. See 
Haliday's edition, p. 167. 

11 Sleamhnai Maighe-Ithe. This was the name 
of a place near Lough Swilly, in the barony of 
Raphoe, and county of Donegal ; but it is now 



emecnw. [2532. 



fcoppa h, Slfmno,b TTl, 5 e hire 50 po meboib pop FP' bh P' a b P a T" 
calon, 50 P o mapbaiD uile, conab e each TTlui 5 he hlrhe mnpn. 

doir Domom, Dd mile cuicc cfo cpioca a66. Uomaiom Locha Con,n 
Locha Cecheac ipin mbliabainp. 

QOT oomom, oa mile cu,cc ceao cpiocha acpf. Slainje mac paprolam 
oecc ipn mbliabamp.n po habnachr h, ccapn Slebe Slansa. ComaiDn. 
Coca TTIerc beop ipn bliabam cfona. 

ao, r Domoin, Da mile cui 5 ceD cpicha acu, 5 . La^linDe mac papralom 
Df 5 ipan mbliabainp. Qn can po clap a pfpc a r ann po mebaib Loch Laig- 
linne i nUib mac Uaip, conab uaba ammmjcfp. Uoma.bm Locha h6achcpa 

bfop. 

Qo ir Domom, od mile cui 5 ceD cfcpaca a cui 5 . Ruopuibe mac papra- 
lom DO bachab i Loc ttubpuibe, mp ccomaiom in locha raipif, conab uaba 
paicfp Loch Rubpuije. 

Qoi r oomoin, od mile cuig cfo cfrpacha apS. Hlupcola bpfna F o cfp 
if in mbliabamfi, conab e an f fchrmab loch comaibm po mebaib i naimpp 
Papraldm, i ap oopbe ap ainm Loch Cuan. 

Qoip Domain, Da mile 61115 ceo caoga. papralon Decc pop Sfnmoij elca 
Gaoaip ipm mbliabomp. Q naimpip jabala papcalom Ro plfccoic na 
muijepi : ace na ma m pff caice bliabna dipibe in po plfchcoiD. TTlag 

obsolete. Magh-Ithe is the name of a plain in rum, at 24th March, pp. 742, 744. The earn of 

the barony of Raphoe, along the River Finn Slainge is still to be seen on the summit of 

See Colgan's Trias Thaum., pages 114, 181. Slieve-Donard, and forms a very conspicuous 

Loch Con. A large lake in the barony of object. The hero Slainge is now forgotten by 

Tirawley, and county of Mayo. tradition, but the memory of St. Donard is still 

p Loch Techeat. Now Lough Gara, near Boyle, held in great veneration throughout the barony 

on the borders of the counties of Roseommon of Iveagh and the Mourne mountains. Archdall 

and Sligo __ See note k , under A. D. 1256, p. 357. (Monasticon, p. 733) commits the double error of 

q Sliabh Slangha. This was the ancient name confounding Sliabh-Domhanghairt with Carn- 

ofSliabh Domhanghairt, or Slieve Donard, in the sore point, on the south coast of Wexford, and 

south-east of the county of Down. Giraldus of supposing the latter gentle promontory to be 

Cambrensis says that it was called Mons Domi- " a very high mountain which overhangs the 

nici in his own time, from a St. Deminicus who sea." 

built a noble monastery at the foot of it. Top. ' Loch-Mesc. Now Lough-Mask, a large and 

Hib., dist. iii. c. 2. This was St. Domhanghart, beautiful lake near Ballinrobe, in the county of 

and the monastery is Maghera. See Colgan's Mayo. 

Trias Thaum., p. 114 n, 131 ; and Acta Sancto- s Loch-Laighlinne. This lake is mentioned 



2532.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 7 

where the Fomorians were defeated by Parthalon, so that they were all slain. 
This is called the battle of Magh-Ithe. 

The Age of the World, 2532. The eruption of Loch Con and Loch 
Techeat" in this year. 

The Age of the World, 2533. Slainge, son of Partholan, died in this 
year, and was interred in the earn of Sliabh Slangha". Also the eruption of 
Loch Mesc r in the same year. 

The Age of the World, 2535. Laighlinne, son of Parthalon, died in this 
year. When his grave was dug, Loch Laighlinne' sprang forth in Ui Mac Uais, 
and from him it is named. The eruption of Loch Eachtra' also. 

The Age of the World, 2545. Rudhruidhe, son of Parthalon, was drowned 
in Loch Kudhruidhe", the lake having flowed over him; and from him the lake 
is called. 

The Age of the World, 2546. An inundation of the sea over the land at 
Brena" in this year, which was the seventh lake-eruption that occurred in the 
time of Parthalon; and this is named Loch Cuan. 

The Age of the World, 2550. Parthalon died on Sean Magh-Ealta-Eadair 1 
in this year. In the time of Parthalon's invasion these plains were cleared 
[of wood] ; but it is not known in what particular years they were cleared : 

in the Leabhar-Gabhala, and by Keating and in the south-west of the county of Donegal. 
O'Flaherty, as in Ui Mac Uais Breagh, a district w Brena. This is called /return Brennese in 
in Eastmeath, to the south-west of Tara. This the second and fourth Lives of St. Patrick, pub- 
lake has not been identified. lished by Colgan. See Trias Thaum., pp. 14, 19, 

1 Loch-Eachtra, This lake is referred to in 39. It was evidently the ancient name of the 

the Chronicon Scotorum as situated between mouth of Strangford Lough, in the county of 

Sliabh Modhurn and Sliabh Fuaid; and Keating Down, as the lake formed by the inundation 

and O'Flaherty place it in Oirghialla. There is was Loch Cuan, which is still the Irish name of 

no remarkable lake between Sliabh Mudhorn Strangford Lough. 

and Sliabh Fuaid, except Loch Mucnamha at x Sean-Mhagh Eaha-Edair : i.e. the old Plain 

Castleblaney, in the county of Monaghan ; and of the Flocks of Edar : i. e. on the plain after- ' 

it may be therefore conjectured that it is the wards so called, because Edar was the name of a 

Loch Echtra in question. Sliabh Mudhorn is chieftain who nourished many centuries later, 

in the barony of Cremorne, in the county of See Ogygia, part iii. c. 44. The name appears 

Monaghan ; and Sliabh Fuaid is near Newtown to have been applied to the plain extending from 

Hamilton, in the county of Armagh. Binn-Edair, or the Hill of Howth, to Tallaght. 

u Loch Rudhruidhe : i. e. Rury's Lake. This Keating states that this was the only plain in 

was the name of the mouth of the River Erne, Ireland not covered with wood, when the coun- 



8 ctNNata Rio^bachra eiReaNN. [2820. 

nGirpije, la Connocra, TTlaj nlre, la Laijniu ; TTlas Lfi, la hlM mac Uaip 
bpfj ; ITlaj Lacapna, la Dal nGpuiDe. 

Goip oorhoin, Da mile ochc ccfo pice bliaban. Naoi TTlile Do ecc ppi 
haoinpfchcmam Do mumceji papcalom pop pfnmaish ealca Gaooip .1. cuig 
TTKle opfpoib, -] ceirpe mile Do mndibh. Conab De pin aca Uaimleachc 
muincepe papralam. Upf cfo bliabam po cairpioc i nGpinn. 

Gpe pap cpiochac bliabam 50 rcainicc Neimioh. 

Qoip oomoin, Da mile ochr ccfb caocca. Neirmb Do cechr in nGpinn. Ip 
an oapa la Decc lap ccechc DO NeimiD co na rhumcip acbac ITlacha bfn 
Neimib. Qciao annpo na cfqia haipij bacap laip, Soapn, lapbamel POID, 
peapjup Leiroepg,"] QinDinD. Ceirpe meic NeimiD iaopi6e. TTleDu, TTlacha, 
^ba, i Cfpa, cfcfopa mnd na naipeachpin. 

Ctoip Domom, Da mfle occ ccfo caoja anaoi. 1pm mbliaDoinpi po mebaib 
Loc nOaipbpfc -\ Coch nQinninD hi ITliDe. 

Qnacc annpo na Racha po coccbaoh, na moije po plfchrab, ~\ na locha 
po comaiDmpar mo aimpip NemiD,5en 50 bpojcop bliabna painpfoacha poppa. 
l?ach Cino ech i nUibh Niallain ; Rach Ciombaoic hi Seimne, TTlagh Cfpa, 

try was first discovered by Ninus, son of Belus. by the Ecv. William Reeves, M. B., M. R. I. A., 

Clontarf is referred to as a part of it. pp. 55, 87, 264, 324, 338. For the extent of 

i Magh-n-Eithrighe. In the Chronicon Scoto- Dal Araidhe, see the same work, pp. 334 to 348 ; 

rum this is called Magh-Tuiredh, alias Magh and the second part of these Annals, note , 

n-Edara. There are two Magh-Tuiredhs in under the year 1174, p. 13. Giraldus Cambrensis 

Connaught, one near Cong, in the county of also mentions the cutting down of four forests 

Mayo, and the other near Lough Arrow, in the in the time of Bartholanus, and adds that in his 

county of Sligo. own time there were more woods than plains in 

1 Magh-Ithe, in Leinster Not identified. Ireland : " Sed etiam adhuc hodie, respectu 

* Magh-Lii, in Ui-Mac- Uais-Breagh This sylvarum, pauca sunt hie campestria." Sir 

is a mistake for Magh-Lii in Ui-Mac-Uais. It Robert Kane, in the nineteenth century, had to 

was the name of a territory extending from Bir complain of the very contrarySee his Indus- 

to Camus, on the west side of the River Bann, trial Resources of Ireland, 2nd edition, p. 3. See 

where the Fir-Lii, a section of the descendants Boate's Natural History of Ireland, 8vo. London, 

of Colla Uais, settled at an early period. There 1652, chap, xv., which accounts for the diminu- 

was no Magh-Lii in Breagh. tion of timber in Ireland by the incredible 

" Magh-Latliarna : i. e. the Plain of Larne. quantity consumed in the iron works, and by the 

is was the name of a tuagh or district com- exportation of pipe staves in whole ship loads." 

prised in the present barony of Upper Glenarm, See Hardiman's edition of O'Flaherty's lar- 

and county of Antrim See Eccles. Antiquities Connaught, p. 8, note '. 

of the Dioceses of Down and Connor and Dromore, 'Taimhleacht-Muintire-Parthalom.-O'm^Ttj 



2820.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 9 

Magh-n-Eithrighe y , in Connaught ; Magh-Ithe, in Leinster z ; Magh-Lii a , in 
Ui-Mac-Uais-Breagh ; Magh-Latharna", in Dal-Araidhe. 

The Age of the World, 2820. Nine thousand of Parthalon's people died 
in one week on Sean-Mhagh-Ealta-Edair, namely, five thousand men, and four 
thousand women. Whence is [named] Taimhleacht Muintire Parthaloin . 
They had passed three hundred years in Ireland. 

Ireland was thirty years waste till Neimhidh's arrival. 

The Age of the World, 2850. Neimhidh" came to Ireland. On the twelfth 
day after the arrival of Neimhidh with his people, Macha, the wife of Neimhidh, 
died. These were the four, chieftains who were with him : Sdarn, larbhainel 
the Prophet, Fearghus Leithdheirg, and Ainninn. These were the four sons 
of Neimhidh. Medu, Macha, Yba, and Ceara, were the four wives of these 
chieftains. 

The Age of the World, 2859. In this year Loch Dairbhreach 6 and Loch 
Ainninn f in Meath sprang forth. 

These were the forts that were erected, the plains that were cleared, and 
the lakes that sprang forth, in the time of Neimhidh, but the precise years 8 
are not found for them : Kath-Cinnech h , in Ui-Niallain ; Rath-Cimbaeith', in 

states that a monastery was afterwards erected a large and beautiful lake, near Castlepollard, 

at this place, and that it is situated three miles in the county of Westmeath. 

to the south of Dublin. See Ogygia, part iii. f Loch Ainninn Now Lough Ennell, near 

c. 5. It is the place now called Tallaght, and Mullingar. See note n , under the year 1446, 
some very ancient tumuli are still to be seen p. 949, in the second part of these Annals. 
on the hill there. The word caimleacr, or The precise years : i. e. the precise years in 
ramlacc, signifies a place where a number of which such forts were erected, plains cleared, 
persons, cut off by the plague, were interred &c., have not been recorded. Dr. O'Conor 
together See Cormac's Glossary, in voce Oairii- translates this : " quousque experti sunt annos 
leacc. The word frequently enters into the pestilentiales contra se," which is not the mean- 
topographical names in Ireland, and is anglicised ing intended by the Four Masters. 
Tamlaght, Tawlaght, and Tallaght. " Rath-Cinnech. There is no place now bear- 

d Neimhidh. In the Annals of Clonmacnoise, ing this name in the baronies of Ui-Niallain or 

as translated by Connell Mageoghegau, the arri- Oneilland, in the county of Armagh, 
val of " Nevie with his fower sonnes into Ireland ' Rath-Cimbaoith : i. e. Kimbaeth's Fort This 

out of Greece," is synchronized with the latter name is now obsolete. The position of the plain 

end of the reign of Altades, monarch of Assyria, of Seimhne is determined by Kinn-Seimhne, 

O'Flaherty places it in A. M. 2029. i. e . the point or promontory of Seimhne, the 

' LochDairbhreach NowLoughDerryvaragh, ancient name of Island-Magee, in the county of 



10 



[3066. 



TTIaj nGaba, TTlagh Chu,le rotab, n TTla 5 h Lu,p 5 hi cConoachcoib ; Tlla 5 
codhcnp , cU lp eo 5 a,n; Lcasmag , TTlumain ; TTIa 5 h m6pfn r a , Lai 5 n,bh ; 
TTla 5 h Luja&i nU,BCu,pcpe; TTla 5 h SepeDh, rUecba; TTla 5 h Semne i nOal 
Qnuibe; Hla* mu.pcemne i cConaille ; -| Hlaj TTlacha la hdipjiallmb. 
Loch Cal i nUib Nialldin, 1 Loch TTlumpfihoip hi Luijnib hi Sleb ^uaipe. 
Carh TTlupbuils i nOdl Riaoa. Cach bojna, -, each Cnampoppa, pop 
pomoipib. T?o bpip Nemib laopibe. 

Ctcbach NemiD mpom DO camh i ccpich Liacdm i TTlumain cpi mile map 
aon pip mo oilen Qpoa t^emfo. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mile pfpcoc ape. Cosail cuip Conamn ipm mbliaDampi 
la piol NeimiD pop Conainn mac paobaip, i pop pomopib ap cfna a noiojail 
jac Docpaioe Da ccapopac poppa, arhail ap pollup ipm cpoimc oa ngoipcfp 



Antrim. See Reeves's Eccles. Antiq. of the Dio- 
ceses of Down and Connor and Dromore, p. 270. 
k Magh-Ceara. A plain in the barony of 
Carra, in the county of Mayo. 

I Magh-n-Eabha Now Machaire-Eabha, an- 

glicc Magherow, a plain situated between the 
mountain of Binbulbin and the sea, in the ba- 
rony of Carbery, and county of Sligo. 

m Magh-CuUe-Toladh. A plain in the barony 
of Kilmaine, and county of Mayo. 

n Magh-Luirg. A plain in the barony of 
Boyle, and county of Roscommon. See note e , 
under A. D. 1187. 

Magh-tochair : i. e. Plain of the Causeway. 
This was the name of a plain at the foot of 
Sliabh-Sneacht, anglice Slieve Snaght, in the 
barony of Inishowen, and county of Donegal, 
which was anciently a part of Tir-Eoghain or 
Tyrone. The church of Domhnachmor-Muighe- 
tochair, near the village of Carn-Donagh, is 
referred to in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick 
as in this plain. 

P Leagmhagh, in Munster. Not identified. 

II Magh m-Brensa Unknown. 

' Magh-Lughadh : i. e. Lughadh's Plain, a dis- 
trict near Lough Neagh ; but this name is now 
obsolete. See note ", under the year 1218. 



s Magh-Seredh. See the year 738, where this 
place is said to be Ceanannus, i. e. Kells, between 
the two Teffias. 

1 Magh-Seimhne. See Rath-Cimbaoith, note f , 
supra. 

u Magh-Muirtheimlme. A level country, in 
the present county of Louth, extending from 
the River Boyne to the mountains of Cuailgne 
or Carlingford. Dundalk, Louth, Drumiskin, 
Faughard, and Monasterboice, are mentioned 
as in this plain. See the Annals of Tighernach, 
A. D. 1002 ; Ussher's Primordia, pp. 627, 705, 
827, 902. This territory was otherwise called 
Machaire-Oirghiall, and Conaille-Muirtheimhne. 
See A.D. 1434, 1452, 1466, and I486. 

w Magh-Macha. This was the ancient name 
of the plain in which the town of Armagh is 
situated. It is more usually called Machaire- 

Arda-Macha, i. e. the Plain of Armagh See 

A. D. 1103, 1196, and 1424. 

x Loch-Col. Now Lough Gall, a small lake, 
giving name to a village in the barony of West 
Oneilland (Ui-Niallain), county of Armagh. 

* Loch-Muinreamhair. Now Lough Ramor, 
near Virginia, in the barony of Castlerahin, and 
county of Cavan. Luighne was an extensive 
territory in ancient Meath. The name is still 



3066.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



11 



Seimhne; Magh-Ceara", Magh n-Eabha 1 , Magh-Cuile-Toladh m , and Magh-Luirg", 
in Connaught; Magh-tochair , in Tir-Eoghain; Leagmhagh, in Munster p ; Magh 
m-Brensa q , in Leinster ; Magh-Lughadh r , in Ui-Tuirtre; Magh-Seredh 1 , in Teffia; 
Magh-Seimhne', in Dal-Araidhe ; Magh-Muirtheimhne 11 , in Conaille ; and Magh- 
Macha", in Oirghialla ; Loch-Cal x , in Ui-Niallain ; Loch-Muinreamhair y , in 
Luighne, in Sliabh Guaire z . The battle of Murbholg", in Dal-Riada ; the battle 
of Baghna b ; and the battle of Cnamh-Ross c against the Fomorians. Neimhidh 
gained these [battles]. 

Neimhidh afterwards died of a plague, together with three thousand persons, 
in the island of Ard-Neimhidh d , in Crich Liathain 8 , in Munster. 

The Age of the World, 3066. The demolition of the tower of Conainn f in 
this year, by the race of Neimhidh, against Conainn, son of Faebhar, and the 
Fomorians in general, in revenge for all the oppression they had inflicted upon 
them [the race of Neimhidh], as is evident from the chronicle which is called 



retained in the barony of Lune, but the territory 
was far more extensive than this barony. 

1 Sliabh Guaire. This is still the name of a 
mountainous district in the barony of Clankee, 
and county of Cavan See Loch-Suidhe-Odh- 
rain, A. D. 1054. 

a Murbholg : i. e. Sea-inlet. Now Murlough 
Bay, on the north-east coast of the barony of 
Gary, and county of Antrim. Dalriada was the 
ancient name of that part of the county of An- 
trim lying north of Sliabh Mis, or Slemmish. 

b Baghna. This is still the name of a moun- 
tainous district in the east of the county of 
Roscommon, nearly coextensive with the ba- 
rony of Ballintober, North See Sliabh Baghna, 
A. D. 1572, and Tribes and Customs of Hy- Many, 
p. 90, note ". 

Cnanih-Ross : i. e. Wood of the Bones. This 
was probably the ancient name of Camross, near 
Barry's Cross, in the county of Carlow. 

A The island of Ard- Neimhidh NowBarrymore 
Island, otherwise the Great Island, near Cork. 
See Keating's History of Ireland, Haliday's 
edition, p. 178. 

C 



e Crich-Liathain A large district in the 
county of Cork, comprising the village of Castle- 
Lyons, and the Great Island near Cork See 
note c , under A. D. 1579, p. 1722. 

f Tor-Conainn Called Tor-Conaing by Keat- 
ing, and in the more ancient copies of the Leabhar 
Gabhala, where the story of the destruction of it 
is given at full length. It was situated on Tory 
Island, off the north-west coast of the county of 
Donegal. There is no tradition of this Conainn, 
or Conaing, on Tory Island at present ; but there 
are most curious traditions of Balor. Giraldus 
Cambrensis calls the Fomorians " Gygantes 
(quibus tune temporis abundabat insula)", and 
" pyrati, qui Hiberniam grauiter depopulari con- 
sueuerant." In the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as 
translated by Connell Mageoghegan, it is said 
that " these Ffomores were a sept descended from 
Cham, the sonne of Noeh ; that they lived by 
pyracie and spoile of other nations, and were in 
those days very troublesome to the whole world." 
See A. M. 3330, infra. O'Flaherty thinks that 
they were the inhabitants of Denmark, Norway, 
Finland, &c See Ogygia, part iii. c. 56, p. 303. 



aNNCtca RioTjnacncu eiKtsuNN. [3266. 

I ** 

Leabap Cabala, -] ap puaill nac copcpacop comcuicim ofblmibh gen mo cao 
na cpf ofichneaboip ceapnacop DO clamo Nerino po aipoib in Domain 50 pan- 
jacop Gpinn lap ccpioll ma bpepaib bolcc. 86 bliaDna oecc Da cfo po 
caic Nemio co na pfol mo 6pmn. 6pe pap mppin pe Da cfo bliabam. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mile Da cfo pepccac ape. pip bolcc Do jabail Gipionn 
a bpoipcfno na bliaDna po. Slainje, ^ano, ^enann, Seangann, -] PuDpuije 
a ccoig coipij. Cuig meic Oeala mic Loicb laopom. Ro pfojpac an cfrpop 
oile i pip bolcc ap cfna Slamse uaipcib. 

of the Annals of Clonmacnoise as follows : 

" After making of which division [of Ireland 
into five provinces], Slane, their said elder bro- 
ther, by the consent and election of his other 
foure brothers, was chosen king, and was the 
first king that ever absolutely ruled Ireland." 

Keating quotes the Book of Druim-Sneachta, 
which he says existed before the time of St. Pa- 
trick, as authority for these stories concerning 
the migration of these Firbolgs from Greece 
See Haliday's edition, pp. 186, 214. 

The account of the division of Ireland into 
provinces by these five brothers has been totally 
omitted by the Four Masters in their Annals. 
It is given in all the copies of the Leabhar- 
Gabhala, in the Annals of Clonmacnoise ; and in 
Keating's History of Ireland. It is given as fol- 
lows in the Annals of Clonmacnoise : 

" This sept was called Ffirvolge ; there were 
five brothers that were their chieftains, the 
sonnes of Dela mac Loich, that first divided Ire- 
land into five provinces. 

" 1. Slane, their eldest brother, had the pro- 
vince of Leynster for his part, which containeth 
from Inver Colpe, that is to say, where the River 
of Boyne entereth into the sea, now called in 
Irish Drogheda, to the meeting of the three 
Waters, by Waterford, where the Three Rivers, 
Suyre, Ffeoir, and Barrow, do meet and run to- 
gether into the sea. 

" 2. Gann, the second brother's part was South 
Munster, which is a province extending from 



8 The Leabhar-Gabhala: i. e. the Book of Inva- 
sions. There are various copies of this work 
still extant, of which the oldest seems to be that 
in the Stowe Library, described by Dr. O' Conor 
in the Stowe Catalogue. There is a fragment 
of an ancient copy contained in the Book of 
Leinster, in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, H. 2. 18, but it wants the beginning. 

b Mutually fell by each other : i. e. they mutu- 
ally slaughtered each other almost to annihila- 
tion. Dr. O'Conor renders this : " Et mirum 
est non occisos fuisse simul interfectos ex utra- 
que parte plures quam triginta." But he is 
clearly wrong, for in the ancient Irish ap puaill 
nac is the same as the modern if beaj nac. The 
mistakes of this kind throughout Dr. O'Conor's 
translation are countless, and the Editor shall, 
therefore, only notice the most remarkable of 
them. 

' Two hundred and sixteen years, $c. Giraldus 
Cambrensis, in his Topog. Hib., dist. iii. c. 3, 
agrees with this, which shews that this account 
of Neimhidh was then written: "Ducentis igitur 
& 16 annisNemedi generatio Hiberniam tenuit: 
& ducentis postmodum annis vacua fuit." 

k The other four, $c Dr. O'Conor translates 
this : " Kegnaverunt quatuor alii et Firbolgi 
similiter, Slangio supra ipsos regnante." But 
he totally mistakes the construction. It should 
be : " Ordinaverunt quatuor alii et Firbolgi 
similiter Slangium [regem] supra ipsos." Con- 
nell Mageoghegan renders it in his translation 



3266.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



13 



Leabhar-Gabhala 8 ; and they -nearly all mutually fell by each other" ; thirty 
persons alone of the race of Neimhidh escaped to different quarters of the 
world, and they came to Ireland some time afterwards as Firbolgs. Two 
hundred and sixteen years' Neimhidh and his race remained in Ireland. After 
this Ireland was a wilderness for a period of two hundred years. 

The Age of the World, 3266. The Firbolgs took possession of Ireland at 
the end of this year. Slainghe, Gann, Genann, Seangann, and Rudhraighe, were 
their five chieftains. These were the five sons of Deala, son of Loich. The 
other four" and the Firbolgs in general elected Slainge as king over them. 



that place to Bealagh-Conglaissy. 

"3. Seangann, the third brother's part was 
from Bealagh-Conglaissy to Rossedahaileagh 
[Rop oa paileac], now called Limbricke, which 
is the province of North Munster. 

" 4. Geanann, the fourth brother, had the 
province of Connaught, containeing from Lim- 
bricke to Easroe. 

" 5. Rorye, the fifth brother, and youngest, 
had from Easroe aforesaid to Inver Colpe, which 
is the province of Ulster." 

The account of the division of Ireland into 
five provinces by the Firbolgs is also given in 
Dr. Lynch's manuscript translation of Keating's 
History of Ireland, as follows : 

" Firbolgi illi quinque Dinastsc Hiberniam 
universam in quinque partiti sunt portiones. 
Slanius inter fratres natu primus, qui Slanio 
flumiiii Wexfordia; adfluenti nomen fecit, sibi 
Lageniam ab Inbhercolpa Droghedach alias Va- 
dipontem ad Trium Aquarum Confluvia excur- 
rentem, et comitum mille viros adscivit. Ganno 
e Comitibus mille, nee non Australis Momonia, 
quidquid nimirum agrorum inter Trium Aqua- 
rum Confluvia et Belaghconglas Limbricum pa- 
tet, cesserant. Ad Senganum tractus a Belach- 
conglas et Limbrico protensus in occidentem, 
cum mille viris sorte devenit. Mille alij Gana- 
num prosecuti sunt, cum traditse sibi Conacise, 
qua Limbricum ab Austro, Drovisiam ab Aqui- 
lone, pro metis habet, possessionem adiret. As- 



signatum sibi Vltoniam a Drovisia ad Vadipon- 
tem porrectam capescivit Ruarius, eo etiam mille 
hominum colonia deductIL 

" Hi quini Dinastee Comitesque Firbolgi, Fir- 
domnani, et Galeoni dicti sunt : Firbolgi ab 
utribus ferendis, Fir enim hibernice viros, et 
Bolg utres significat, alluditque vox ad vtres 
illos supra memoratos, quibus egestam ab ipsis 
humo mergam ad scabra saxceta, et ferendis 
frugibus inepta, quo feracia invaderent novalia, 
comportarunt. Firdomnani vero propterea nun- 
cupabantur, quod fodientes in terrain alte de- 
scenderant, Etenim Hibernica vox ootiju'" 
perinde est ac altum, sive profundum. Galeoni 
autem nominati sunt ab hastarum genere, quibus 
intentos operi socios ab hostium injury's prote- 
gebant. In Hiberniam licet eadem Hebdomada, 
non tamen eodem die Firbolgi omnes appule- 
runt. Slanius ad Slanij Fluvii ostia, die Saba- 
thi ; Die uero Martis Gannus & Senganus in 
Irisdomnam, Gannanus et Ruarius die Veneris 
Trachruris naves applicuerunt. Qui omnes 
quanquam communi nomine Firbolgorum voce 
innotescerent, peculiar! tamen nomine Slani 
Comites Galeones, Ganni et Sengani Firbolgorij, 
Ruairci et Genani Socij Firdomnani vocabantur : 
Gannanum quidem et Ruarium, nonnulli tra- 
dunt, ad fluvij Damnani, qui, qua fluit ad Cona- 
ciam Caurus in oceanum se exonerat, Ostia 
primum appulisse ac flumini nomen fecisse." 
Page 58. 



14 awwata Rioshachca emeaNN. [3267- 

Qo, r Domain, qii mfle Da ceD peapccac a peachc. Slamje mac Oeala 
DO bach , pise 6 pl onn ppf pe aombliaDna, "] a ecc , poipcfnn na Urn! 
i nOionn Rij pop bpu bfpba. 

ao, r Domom, cpf mile Da ceD peapccac a hocc. RuDpuiDe mac Dealc 
oo 5 abail pfje nGpeanD. On ceo bliabam Dm pije mnpin. 

do, r Domain, cpf mae Da ceo peapcac anaoi. Qn Dapa bliaDom Do pije 
T?u6pui6e, ] a ecc i bpoipaonn na blia&na po. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceo pfchrmojac. Qn ceo bliaDain Do pije 

^ainn -| 5 eaTiainn T ^pmn mnpn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD pechrmosac a cpf. Qn cfcpamaD bliaDain 
DO 5ann -] DO ^eanann, -\ a necc Do cam a bpoipcfno na bliaDna po hi ccpic 
Liacam co ppicic ceD ap aon piu. 

Qoip Domoin, cpi mile Da ceD pfchcmojac a cfcaip. Qn ceD bliaDain Do 
pije Shenjaino innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD pfccmojac a hocc. Q bpoipcenD an cuicc- 
ea6 blia&am DO pije Sfngamn copcoip la piachaiD Cennpionndn mac Scaipn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD pfccmojac anaoi. Qn ceo bliaoam Do 
pije piacach Cennpionndn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceo occmojac a cpf. Qn cuicceao bliaDain Do 
pie piaca, i a chuicim la TCionnal mac 5 ear)01riri an blia&ainpi. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD occmojac a cfcaip. Qn ceo bliaDain Do 
pije Rionnail mic ^eanoinn pop 6pmn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD occmojac anaoi. lap bpopbaD an peipeab 
bliaDain Do Rionndl ip an pige, copchoip la pombgen mac Senghainn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceo nochac. Qn ceo bliaDain Do pije poi&bjen. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceD nochac acpf. Q bpoipcfnn an cfcpamaD 
bliaDain Do pije poi&bgen Do pochaip la hGocaiD mac Gpc. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile Da ceo nochac a cfcaip. Qn ceD bliaDain Do 
pijjhe Gch&ac mic Gpc inopin. 

1 Dinn-Righ : i. e. the Hill of the Kings, other- well known. It is situated in the townland of 

wise called Dumha-Slainge, i. e. Slainge Mound. Bally knockan, about a quarter of a mile to the 

This was a very ancient seat of the kings of south of Leighlin-Bridge, near the west bank of 

Leinster. Keating describes its situation as on the River Barrow. Nothing remains of the pa- 

the brink of the River Bearbha [the Barrow], lace but a moat, measuring two hundred and 

between Carlow and Leighlin. This place is still thirty-seven yards in circumference at the base, 



3267.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 15 

The Age of the World, 3267. Slainghe, son of Deala, was king of Ireland 
for a period of one year ; and he died at the end of the year, at Dinn-Righ', on 
the brink of the Bearbha. 

The Age of the World, 3268. Rudhraighe, son of Deala, assumed the 
government of Ireland. This is the first year of his reign. 

The Age of the World, 3269. The second year of the reign of Rudhraighe ; 
and he died at the end of this year. 

The Age of the World, 3270. This was the first year of the reign of 
Gann and Geanann over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3273. The fourth year of Gann and Geanann ; 
and they died at the end of this year, with twenty hundred along with them, in 
Crich-Liathain". 

The Age of the World, 3274. This was the first year of the reign of 
Sengann. 

The Age of the World, 3278. At the end of the fifth year of the reign 
of Seangann, he fell by Fiachaidh Cennfinnan, son of Starn. 

The Age of the World, 3279. The first year of the reign of Fiacha Cenn- 
finnain. 

The Age of the World, 3283. The fifth year of the reign of Fiacha. And 
he fell by Rinnal, son of Geanann, this year. 

The Age of the World, 3284. The first year of the reign of Rinnal, son 
of Geanann, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3289. After the completion of the fifth year of 
his reign by Rinnal, he fell by Foidhbhgen, son of Seangann. 

The Age of the World, 3290. The first year of the reign of Foidhbhgen. 

The Age of the World, 3293. At the end of the fourth year of the reign 
of Foidhbhgen, he fell by Eochaidh, son of Ere. 

The Age of the World, 3294. This was the first year of the reign of 
Eochaidh, son of Ere. 

sixty-nine feet in height from the level of the n Crich-Liathain A district in the county of 

River Barrow, and one hundred and thirty-five Cork, containing the village of Castlelyons, and 

feet in diameter at top. the Great Island near Cork. According to Keat- 

m Died. According to Keating and the Lea- ing and O'Flaherty, Gann and Geanann died of 

bhar-Gabhala, he died at Brugh, over the River the plague at Freamhain, in Meath, now Frewin, 

Boyne. a lofty hill near Mullingar, in Westmeath. 



UNNU.CU. KIWQI nj.v^i iwj. 6IR6QNN. [ooUo. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cpi ceo acpf. Qn oechmab bliabain Do pije 
6achba6 mic Gpc, -\ ap ipibe bliaDam ofibfnach a plaiaupa, uaip ean 5 acap 
Cuacha Oe Oanonn DO 5 abail 6peqnn pop pfpoib bolcc co ccapopac cac 
Dia poile pop TTlaij cuipfb hi Conmaicne Chuile Colab i cConoachcaib, ^up 
po mapbab an pi Gochaib mac Gpc la cpib macoib Neimib mic babpai Do 
Cuachaib De Oanonn, Ceapapb, Luam, i Luacpa a nanmanna. Ro DIOC- 
laicpishfb Pip bolcc ipm cac pin, i po lab a nap. Ro bfnab bfop a lam Do 
Nuabacc mac Gchbac, mic Gccaplaim, (oon pij po baoi pop CuachaiB Oe 
Oannann) ipm cac cfona. dpe an cGochaib pempaice Rf Dfibfnac pfp 
mbolcc. Naonbap po jab pije Diob, -] peace mbliabna Decc ap picic poo a 
bplaiciupa pop Gpmn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cpi ceD a cfcoip. Qn cfo bliabam Do pije bpepp 
mic Galacom pop Gpinn, uaip DO pacpac Cuaca Oe Oariann pije Do mp 
mbpipiob caca TTluije cuipeab Conga, an ccem po baoi lam Nuabac accd 
leijiup. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cpi ceD a ofich. Qn pfccmab bbabam DO bpep 
6p Gpmn mnpm, 50 po pagoib an pije Do Nuabac mp nfoc a laime la Oian- 
cechc, -] Cpfione cepo 05 congnam laip. Uaip Do pacpaD laim 



paip. 

Ctoip Domain, cpi mile cpi ceo a haom Decc. Qn cfo blia&gin Do pijhe 
NuaDac aipjjfclairh cap eip a laime Do caiceam pe pfopa aipgaicc aicleijcfo. 

Ctoip Domain, cpi mile cpi ceD cpiocac. Q bpoipcfno pice blia&ain Do 

Magh-Tuireadh Otherwise called Magh- and in all the copies of the Ledbhar- Gabhala, 

Tuireadh-Conga, from its proximity to Cong. The and by Keating and O'Flaherty. According 

site of this battle is still pointed out in the parish to the Leabhar- Gabhala, Eochaidh fled from this 

of Cong, barony of Kilmaine, and county of battle, and was pursued and overtaken on the 

Mayo, to the right of the road as you go from strand of Traigh-Eothaile, near Ballysadare, in 

Cong to the village of the Neal. There is a the present county of Sligo, where he was slain, 

detailed but legendary account of this battle in a as mentioned in the text. The earn in which 

manuscript, in the handwriting of Gilla-riabhach he was interred is described as one of the won- 

O'Clery, preserved in the Library of the British ders of Ireland in the Mirabilia Hibernice, in the 

Museum, Harl. 432, Plut. xlviii. E, beginning Book of Ballymote ; and also by O'Flaherty, in 

fol. 52 a, line 6. Ogygia, part iii. cc. 10 and 50. This earn still 

" Was killed. Eochaidh, son of Ere, is given as exists, and although not high above the level of 

the last of the nine Firbolgic kings in the Annals the strand, it is believed that the tide never can 

of Clonmacnoiss as translated by Mageoghegan ; cover it. 



3303.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 17 

The Age of the World, 3303. The tenth year of the reign of Eochaidh, 
son of Ere ; and this was the last year of his reign, for the Tuatha-De-Dananns 
came to invade Ireland against the Firbolgs ; and they gave battle to each other 
at Magh-Tuireadh, in Conmaicne-Cuile-Toladh, in Connaught, so that the King 
Eochaidh, son of Ere, was killed" by the three sons of Neimhidh, son of Badhrai, 
of the Tuatha-De-Dananns ; Ceasarb, Luamh, and Luachra, their names. The 
Firbolgs were vanquished and slaughtered" in this battle. Moreover, the hand r 
of Nuadhat, son of Eochaidh, son of Edarlamh (the king who was over the 
Tuatha-De-Dananns), was cut off in the same battle. The aforesaid Eochaidh 
was the last king of the Firbolgs. Nine of them had assumed kingship, and 
thirty-seven years was the length of their sway over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3304. The first year of the reign of Breas, son of 
Ealathan, over Ireland ; for the Tuatha-De-Danann gave him the sovereignty, 
after gaining the battle of Magh-Tuireadh Conga, while the hand of Nuadhat 
was under cure. 

The Age of the World, 3310. This was the seventh year of Breas over 
Ireland, when he resigned the kingdom to Nuadhat, after the cure of his hand by 
Diancecht, assisted by Creidne, the artificer, for they put a silver hand upon him. 

The Age of the World, 3311. The first year of the reign of Nuadhat 
Airgeatlamh, after his hand had been welded with a piece of refined silver. 

The Age of the World, 3330. At the end of the twentieth year of the 



"> Slaughtered. According to the Annals of Tuatha-De-Dananns, that Credne Cerd made a 
Clonmacnoise, as translated by Connell Mageogh- silver hand for this Nuadhat, and that Dian- 
egan, the Firbolgs were " overthrown" in this cecht, the -<Esculapius of the Irish, fitted it upon 
battle, and " one hundred thousand of them him, from which he was ever after known by 
slaine, with their king, Eochy Mac Eircke, which the name of Nuadhat- Airgetlamh, i. e. Nuadhat 
was the greatest slaughter that was ever heard of the Silver Hand. It is stated in the Leabhar- 
of in Ireland at one meeting." From the monu- Gabhala of the O'Clerys that Diancecht and 
ments of this battle still remaining, it is quite Credne formed the hand with motion in every fin- 
evident that great numbers were slain; butcer- gerandjoint, and that Miach, the son of Diancecht, 
tainly not so many as mentioned in the Annals to excel his father, took off this hand, and infused 
of Clonmacnoise, which was probably taken from feeling and motion into every joint and vein of 

some romantic account of this battle, like that it, as if it were a natural hand See O'Fla- 

above referred to. herty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 10. In Cormac's Glos- 

* The hand. It is stated in the Battle ofMagh- sary the name of Diancecht is explained " Deus 

Tuireadh, and various other accounts of the salulis" .i.oia na h- fee, "the God of curing." 



18 



[3330. 



Nuat>ac Qpsaclaim copcaip i ccac TTluije euipfo na-bpomopac la 
balop mbailcbemnioch opliomoipib. 



s Magh-Tuireadh no, bh-Fomorach. This name 
is still remembered in the country, and is now 
applied to a townland in the parish of Kilmac- 
tranny, barony of Tirerrill, and county of Sligo. 
There are very curious sepulchral monuments 
still to be seen on this battle-field, of which a mi- 
nute description has been given by Dr. Petrie in 
a paper read before the Royal Irish Academy in 
1836. See note c , under A. D. 1398. There 
was also a long account of this battle of the nor- 
thern Magh-Tuireadh, as well as of that of the 
southern Magh-Tuireadh, or Magh-Tuireadh- 
Conga, already mentioned, but the Editor never 
saw a copy of it. O'Flaherty, who appears to 
have read it, states (Ogygia, part iii. c. 12) that 
Balor Benien or Bailcbemnech, general of the 
Fomorians, was slain in this battle by a stone 
thrown at him by the son of his daughter, from 
a machine called tabhall, which is believed to 
have been a sling; and that Kethlenn, the wife 
of Balor, fought with desperation, and wounded 
the Dagda, afterwards king of the Tuatha-De- 
Dananns, with some missile weapon. This Ba- 
lor, the general of the Fomorians, is still vividly 
remembered by tradition throughout Ireland, 
as 6alop 6eimeann, and in some places they 
frighten children by his name; but he is more 
vividly remembered on Tory Island, where he 
is believed to have chiefly resided, and on the 
opposite coast of Donegal, than anywhere else, 
except, perhaps, at Cong, in Mayo. The tra- 
dition connected with Balor, on Tory Island, 
was written by the Editor in 1835, from the 
dictation of Shane O'Dugan, whose ancestor is 
said to have been living on Tory Island in St. 
Columbkille's time. It is a curious specimen 
of the manner in which tradition accounts for 
the. names of places, and remembers the names 
of historical characters. This story is evidently 



founded on facts; but from its having floated on 
the tide of tradition for, perhaps, three thou- 
sand years, names have been confounded, and 
facts much distorted. 

The history of Balor runs as follows, as re- 
lated to the Editor by Shane O'Dugan, one of 
the O'Dugans of Tory Island: 

" In days of yore (a period beyond the reach 
of chronology, far back in the night of time) 
flourished three brothers, Gavida, Mac Samh- 
thiann, and Mac Kineely (TTlac Cmnpaelaio) 
the first of whom was a distinguished smith, 
who held his forge at Drumnatinne, a place in 
the parish of Eath-Finan, which derived its 
name from that circumstance, for Opuim na 
ceme in Irish sounds ridge of the fire in English, 
alluding to Gavida's furnace. Mac Kineely was 
lord of that district, comprising the parishes of 
Rath-Finan and Tullaghobegly, and was pos- 
sessed of a cow called Glas Gaivlen \recte Glas 
Gaibhnenn], which was so lactiferous as to be 
coveted by all his neighbours, and so many at- 
tempts had been made at stealing her, that he 
found it necessary to watch her constantly. 

"At this same remote period flourished on 
Tory (an island lying in the ocean opposite 
Drumnatinne, which received that name from 
its presenting a towery appearance from the con- 
tinent of Tir-Connell, and from the many promi- 
nent rocks thereon, towering into the heavens, 
and called tors by the natives) a famous warrior, 
by name Balor, who had one eye in the middle 
of his forehead, and another directly opposite it, 
in the back of his skull. This latter eye, by its 
foul, distorted glances, and its beams and dyes 
of venom, like that of the Basilisk, would strike 
people dead, and for that reason Balor kept it 
constantly covered, except whenever he wished 
to get the better of enemies by petrifying them 






3330.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



19 



reign of Nuadhat of the Silver Hand, he fell in the battle of Magh-Tuireadh 
na bh-Fomorach s , by Balor of the mighty blows, one of the Fomorians. 



with looks; and hence the Irish, to this day, 
call an evil or overlooking eye by the name 
of Suil Bhaloir. But, though possessed of such 
powers of self-defence, it appears that it had 
been revealed to a Druid that Balor should be 
killed by his own O, or grandson 1 At this 
time Balor had but an only child, a daughter, 
Ethnea by name, and seeing that she was the 
only medium through which his destruction 
could be wrought, he shut her up in an im- 
pregnable tower, which he himself, or some of 
his ancestors, had built some time before on 
the summit of Tor-more (a lofty and almost in- 
accessible rock, which, shooting into the blue 
sky, breaks the roaring waves and confronts 
the storms at the eastern extremity of Tory Is- 
land) ; and here he also placed a company of 
twelve matrons, to whom he gave the strictest 
charge not to allow any man near her, or give her 
an idea of the existence or nature of that sex. 
Here the fair Ethnea remained a long time im- 
prisoned ; and, though confined within the limits 
of a tower, tradition says that she expanded into 
bloom and beauty ; and though her female at- 
tendants never expressed the sound man in her 
presence, still would she often question them 
about the manner in which she herself was 
brought into existence, and of the nature of the 
beings that she saw passing up and down the 
sea in currachs: often did she relate to them her 
dreams of other beings, and other places, and 
other enjoyments, which sported in her imagi- 
nation while locked up in the arms of repose. 
But the matrons, faithful to their trust, never 
offered a single word in explanation of those 
mysteries which enchanted her imagination. 

In the mean time, Balor, now secure in his 
existence, and regardless of the prediction of 
the Druid, continued his business of war and 



rapine. He achieved many a deed of fame ; cap- 
tured many a vessel ; subdued and cast in chains 
many an adventurous band of sea rovers ; and 
made many a descent upon the opposite conti- 
nent, carrying with him, to the island, men 
and property. But his ambition could never be 
satiated until he should get possession of that 
most valuable cow, the Glas Gavlin, and to ob- 
tain her he, therefore, directed all his powers 
of strength and stratagem. 

" One day Mac Kineely, the chief of the tract 
opposite the island, repaired to his brother's 
forge to get some swords made, and took with 
him the invaluable Glas Gavlin by a halter which 
he constantly held in his own hand by day, and 
by which she was tied and secured by night. 
When he arrived at the forge, he intrusted her 
to the care of his brother, Mac Samhthainn, who, 
it appears, was there too, on some business con- 
nected with war, and entered the forge himself, to 
see the sword properly shaped and steeled. But 
while he was within, Balor, assuming the form of 
a red-headed little boy, came to Mac Samhthainn 
and told him that he heard his two brothers 
(Gavida and Mac Kineely) saying, within at the 
furnace, that they would use all his (Mac Sam- 
thainn's) steel in making Mac Kineely's swords, 
and would make his of Iron. ' By the Seomh, 
then,' says Mac Samthainn, ' I'll let them know 
that I am not to be humbugged so easily ; hold 
this cow, my red-headed little friend, and you 
will see how soon I'll make them alter their 
intention.' With that he rushed into the forge 
in a passion, and swearing by all the powers 
above and below, that he would make his two 
brothers pay for their dishonesty. Balor, as 
soon as he got the halter into his hand, carried 
off the Glas, with the rapidity of lightning, to 
Tory Island, and the place where he dragged 



aH Ha(.a Rioshaclicct emecwN. ' < [3331. 

o, r ooma,n , ml, cp. ceo, . r ,ocac a haon. On ceo U.aba.n t>o 



ceo cc m o 5 ac. 
, a!n oo L U5 h tlfaoa h, p*. ,,6^000 poca.p 16 Ulac 



her in by the tail is, to this day (a great memo- 
rial of the transaction), called Port-na-Glaise, 
or the harbour of the Glas or green cow. When 
Mac Kineely heard his brother's exclamations, 
he knew immediately that Balor had effected 
his purpose; so, running out of the forge, he 
perceived Balor and the cow in the middle of 
the Sound of Tory 1 Mac Samhthainn, also, being 
soon made sensible of the scheme of Balor, suf- 
fered a few boxes on the head from his brother 
with impunity. Mac Kineely wandered about 
distracted for several hours, before he could be 
brought to' a deliberate consideration of what 
was best to be done to recover the cow ; but, 
after he had given full vent to his passions, he 
called to the lonely habitation of a hoary Druid, 
who lived not far from the place, and consulted 
him upon the matter. The Druid told him that 
the cow could never be recovered as long as 
Balor was living, for that, in order to keep her, 
he would never close the Basilisk eye, but pe- 
trify every man that should venture to get near 

her. 

" Mac Kineely, however, had a Leanan-sidhe, 

or familiar sprite, called Biroge of the Mountain, 
who undertook to put him in the way of bring- 
ing about the destruction of Balor. After having 
dressed him in the clothes worn by ladies in 
that age, she wafted him, on the wings of the 
storm, across the Sound, to the airy top of Tor- 
more, and there, knocking at the door of the 
tower, demanded admittance for a noble lady 
whom she rescued from the cruel hands of a 
tyrant who had attempted to carry her off, by 
force, from the protection of her people. The 
matrons, fearing to disoblige the Banshee, ad- 
mitted both into the tower. As soon as the 



daughter of Balor beheld the noble lady thus 
introduced, she recognised a countenance like 
one of which she had frequently felt enamoured 
in her dreams, and tradition says that she im- 
mediately fell in love with her noble guest. 
Shortly after this, the Banshee, by her super- 
natural influence over human nature, laid the 
twelve matrons asleep; and Mac Kineely, hav- 
ing left the fair daughter of Balor pregnant, 
was invisibly carried back by his friendly sprite 
to Drumnatinne. "When the matrons awoke 
they persuaded Ethnea that the appearance of 
Biroge and her protege was only a dream, but 
told her never to mention it to her father. 

" Thus did matters remain until the daughter 
of Balor brought forth three sons at a birth, 
which, when Balor discovered, he immediately 
secured the offspring, and sent them, rolled up 
in a sheet (which was fastened with a delg or 
pin), to be cast into a certain whirlpool ; but as 
they were carried across a small harbour, on the 
way to it, the ddg fell out of the sheet, and one of 
the children dropped into the water, but the other 
two were secured and drowned in the intended 
whirlpool. The child that had fallen into the 
harbour, though he apparently sunk to the bot- 
tom, was invisibly carried away by the Banshee 
who had cleared the way to his procreation, and 
the harbour is to this day called Port-a-deilg, or 
the Harbour of the Pin. The Banshee wafted the 
child (the first, it appears, of the three, who had 
seen the light of this world) across the Sound in 
safety to his father, who sent him to be fostered 
by his brother Gavida, who brought him up 
to his own trade, which then ranked among 
the learned professions, and was deemed of so 
much importance that Brighit, the goddess of 



3331.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



The Age of the World, 3331. The first year of the reign of Lugh Lamh- 
fhada[Lewy of the Long Hand] over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3370. After the fortieth year of the reign of Lugh 
Lamhfhada over Ireland, he fell by Mac Cuill at Caendruim*. It was in the 



the poets, thought it not beneath her dignity to 
preside over the smiths also. 

" Balor, who now thought that he had again 
baffled the fates by drowning the three children, 
having learned from his Druid that Mac Kineely 
was the man who had made this great effort to set 
the wheel of his destiny in rapid motion, crossed 
the Sound, and landing on that part of the con- 
tinent called (from some more modern occupier) 
Ballyconnell, with a band of his fierce associates, 
seized upon Mac Kineely, and, laying his head 
on a large white stone (one holding him upon 
it by the long hair, and others by the hands and 
legs) cut it off, clear, with one blow of his ponde- 
rous sword 1 The blood flowed around in warm 
floods, and penetrated the stone to its very cen- 
tre. This stone, with its red veins, still tells this 
deed of blood, and gives name to a district com- 
prehending two parishes. It was raised, in 1794, 
on a pillar sixteen feet high, by Wyby More 
Olpherts, Esq., and his wife, who had carefully 
collected all the traditions connected with Balor. 
It is shewn to the curious traveller as Clogh-an- 
Neely (the name which Wyby More has com- 
mitted to the durability of marble, but the Four 
Masters write it more correctly Cloc Chmn- 
paolaio at the years 1284, 1554), and forms a 
very conspicuous object in the neighbourhood. 

" Notwithstanding all these efforts of Balor 
to avert his destiny, the Banshee had executed 
the will of the fates. For after the decollation of 
Mac Kineely, Balor, now secure, as he thought, 
in his existence, and triumphant over the fates, 
frequented the continent without fear of oppo- 
sition, and employed Gavida to make all his mi- 
litary weapons. But the heir of Mac Kineely, 
in course of time, grew up to be an able man, 



and, being an excellent smith, Balor, who knew 
nothing of his birth, became greatly attached to 
him. The heir of Mac Kineely, who was well 
aware of his father's fate, and acquainted with 
the history of his own birth and escape from 
destruction, was observed to indulge in gloomy 
fits of despondency, and frequently to visit 
the blood-stained stone, and to return from 
it with a sullen brow which nothing could 
smooth. One day Balor came to the forge to 
get some spears made, and it happened that 
Gavida was from home upon some private bu- 
siness, so that all the work of that day was to 
be executed by his young foster-son. In the 
course of the day Balor happened to mention, 
with pride, his conquest of Mac Kineely, but 
to his own great misfortune, for the young 
smith watched his opportunity, and, taking a 
glowing rod from the furnace, thrust it through 
the basilisk eye of Balor and out through the 
other side of his head, thus avenging the death 
of his father, slaying his grandfather, and exe- 
cuting the decree of Fate, which nothing can 
avert. ' Fatum regit, homines.'' " 

Some say that this took place at Knocknafola, 
or Bloodyforeland, but others, who place the 
scene of Balor's death at Drumnatinne, account 
for the name of Knocknafola by making it the 
scene of a bloody battle between the Irish and 
Danes. Tradition, however, errs as to the place 
of Balor's death, for, according to Irish history, 
he was killed by his grandson, Lughaidh Lamh- 
fhada, in the second battle of Magh-Tuireadh 
See Oyygia, part iii. c. 12. 

' Caendruim. This was the ancient name of 
the hill of Uisneach, in Westmeath, situated 
about four miles south-east of the village of 



Rioshachca eiReaNR [3371- 

SCfl 

npuim. a r , pfimfp an Lo^a oo ponaD aonach Ca,llrfn a b F opaicmfc 1 
, cc,mne ecca a buime, Ca,llce ,n 5 fn TTlajmmp ipme, ,njfn pi 5 eappaine, 
bfn Gachoac m,c Gipc, pf Oeofnac p<p mbolc an ceochaiO pa 

QOIP Domain, cp, mile cpi ceo rfccmojac a haon. Qn cfo bl,at>a,n oo 
nfre Gachoac Ollacaip Dap bamm an Oa 5 hoa 6 r Gpmn inopin. 

Cto,p Domain, cpi mOe cfcpe cfo cao 5 a. lap bpopbab na bliaDna OeD- 
fnaijep Don occmo 5 ar bliaoan po ca,c Gocham Ollacap i naipDpi 5 e na 
hGpfno, po ecc i r an mfcpuj DO 5 afB cpo na 5 ona Do pac Cechleno F aip hi 
cceD carTTlai^e ruipfo. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cfcpe cfo cao 5 a a haon. Qn cfo bliabain Do pije 
Oealbaoic mic Osma op 6pinn innpin. 

doi r Domain, cpi mile cfcpe cfo Sfpcac. Ip an oeacmab bliaoam Do pije 
Dealbaeic copcaip Do laim a mic pfipin, piaca mac Oealbaeic. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cfcpa cfo ffpcac a haon. <3n cfo bliaOam oo 
piaca mac Dealbaeic i pije. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile cfcpe cfo Seaccmogac. Q bpoipceano an oeac- 
mab bliaoan DO pije piacaio mic Oealbaeic op 6pmn Do cuic la hGogon 
nlnbip. 

Ctoip Domain, cpi mile cfcpe cfo peaccmojac ahaon. Qn cfo bliabam 

Ballymore- Lough -Sewdy. See O'Flaherty's of the fair, where, according to tradition, mar- 

Ogygia, part iii. c. xiii. riages were solemnized in Pagan times. There 

u Tailltean. Now Teltown, near the Eiver are vivid traditions of this fair yet extant in the 

Boyne, in the county of Meath, and nearly mid- country ; and Teltown was, till recently, resorted 

way between Kells and Navan. This fair, at by the men of Meath for hurling, wrestling, and 

which various games and sports were celebrated, other manly sports. 

continued down to the time of Koderic O'Conor, w Brugh : i. e. Brugh-na-Boinne, a place on 

the last monarch of Ireland. It was cele- the Eiver Boyne, near Stackallan Bridge, in the 

brated annually on the first of August, which county of Meath. In the account of the Tuatha- 

is still called Lugh-Nasadh, i. e. Lugh's fair, De-Dananns preserved in the Book of Lecan, 

games or sports, by the native Irish See Cor- foL 279, p. b. col. 2, it is stated that Daghda 

mac's Glossary, in wee iujnayao. See also Mor (i.e. the Great Good Fire, so called from his 

O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. cc. xiii. Ivi. The military ardour), for eighty years king of Ire- 

remaina of a large earthen rath, and traces of land, and that he had three sons, Aenghus, Aedh, 

three artificial lakes, and other remains, are still and Cermad, who were buried with their father 

to be seen there. To the left of the road, as at Brugh-na-Boinne, where the mound called 

you go from Kells to Donaghpatrick, there is a Sidh-an-Bhrogha was raised over them, as a 

hollow, called tag an aonaij, i. e. the hollow monument. It may be further remarked that 



3371.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 23 

reign of this Lugh that the fair of Tailltean" was established, in commemora- 
tion and remembrance of his foster-mother, Taillte, the daughter of Maghmor, 
King of Spain, and the wife of Eochaidh, son of Ere, the last king of the 
Firbolgs. 

The Age of the World, 3371. The first year of the reign of Eochaidh 
Ollathair, who was named the Daghda, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3450. After the completion of the last year of 
the eighty years which Eochaidh Ollathar passed in the monarchy of Ireland, 
he died at Brugh", of the venom of the wound which Cethlenn x inflicted upon 
him in the first battle of Magh-Tuireadh. 

The Age of the World, 3451. This was the first year of the reign of 
Dealbhaeth, son of Ogma, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3460. In the tenth year of the reign of Dealbh- 
aeth, he fell by the hand of his own son, Fiacha mac Dealbhaeith. 

The Age of the World, 3461. The first year of the reign of Fiacha, the 
son of Dealbhaeth. 

The Age of the World, 3470. At the end of the tenth year of the reign 
of Fiacha, son of Dealbhaeth, over Ireland, he fell by Eogon of Inbher y . 

The Age of the World, 3471. The first year of the three last kings of the 

Aeiigus-an-Bhrogha was considered the presid- tiquity, and prove that the Tuatha-Ue-Uananns 

ing fairy of the Boyne till recently, and that were a real people, though their history is so 

his name is still familiar to the old inhabitants much wrapped up in fable and obscurity, 
of Meath, who are fast forgetting their traditions *Cethlenn. Dr. O'Conor latinizes this Keth- 

with the Irish language. For some account of lendius, as if it were the name of a man, but, ac- 

the monuments which anciently existed at cording to the old accounts of the battle of Magh- 

Brugh-na-Boinne, see Petrie's Inquiry into the Tuireadh, Cethlenn, who wounded the Daghda 

Origin and Uses of the Hound Towers of Ireland, in the second battle of Magh-Tuireadh (not the 

pp. 100, 101. The monuments ascribed by the first, as incorrectly stated by the Four Masters), 

aucient Irish writers to the Tuatha-De-Danann was the wife of Balor Beimenn, and grandmo- 

colony still remain, and are principally situated ther of Lugh Lamhfhada, who slew Balor in 

in Meath, near the Boyne, as at Drogheda, the same battle. It is stated in the Annals of 

Dowth, Knowth, and Newgrange. There are Clonmacnoise, that Inishkeihleann (Enniskillen, 

other monuments of them at Cnoc-Aine and in Fermanagh) was called from her. 

Cnoc-Greine, in the county of Limerick, and on y Eogan oflnbher O'Flaherty (Ogygia, p. iii. 

the Pap Mountains, Da cic Oanainne, in the c. 14) calls him Eugenius de Ard-inver, or In- 

S. E. of the county of Kerry. See the year 861. vermor; Keating calls the place Ard- Brie ; but 

These monuments are of the most remote an- we are not told where it is situated. 



24 



aNNQca Rioshachca emeaNR 



[3500 

no pije na ccpf pfoj noebfnach DO tuachaib Oe Oanann po baoap hi ccom- 
plaiciup 6p Gpinn, TTlac Cuill, TTlac Cecc, -] TTlac Ejpeine innpn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mfle cu.cc cfo. Cap 5 up [.i. coblac] mac TTHlfch Do cechc 
i nGpmo a bpoipcfno na blia&na po oia gabail ap Cuachaib Oe Oanann, 1 po 
peppac cacSlebe TTlip ppiu ipn cpfp laice lap na ccecc hi ccip : ba ipn cac 
pin DO pocaip Scoca injfn phapao bfn TTlileaDh, 1 aca pfpc Scoca fioep SleiB 
TTlip 1 muip. Oo pocaip ano bfop pdp, bean Um, mic Uicce, Dia cca lfnO 
paip. Ro pfppac meic TTlilfch lap pn cac i cUaillcin ppi cpi piogaib 
Cuaice Oe Oanann, TTlac Cuill, TTlac Cechc, -\ TTlac ^pfine. Ro bap 50 
cian 05 cup in cacha 50 ccopcoip TTlac Cechc la hGipeamon, TTlac Cuill la 
hGmeap, ~\ TTlac 5pf' ne ^ a TiQimipsin. 

derstand. Among these was Danann, the mother 
of the gods, from whom Da etc Danamne, a 
mountain in Kerry, was called; Buanann, the 
goddess that instructed the heroes in military 
exercises, the Minerva of the ancient Irish ; 
Badhbh, the Bellona of the ancient Irish ; 
Abhortach, god of music ; Ned, the god of war ; 
Nemon, his wife ; Manannan, the god of the 
sea; Diancecht, the god of physic; Brighit, the 
goddess of poets and smiths, &c. It appears 
from a very curious and ancient Irish tract, 
written in the shape of a dialogue between 
St. Patrick and Caoilte Mac Ronain, that there 
were very many places in Ireland where the 
Tuatha-De-Dananns were then supposed to live 
as sprites or fairies, with corporeal and material 
forms, but indued with immortality. The in- 
ference naturally to be drawn from these stories 
is, that the Tuatha-De-Dananns lingered in the 
country for many centuries after their subjuga- 
tion by the Gaedhil, and that they lived in re- 
tired situations, where they practised abstruse 
arts, which induced the others to regard them 
as magicians. So late as the third century, 
Aine, the daughter of Eogabhal, a lady of this 
race, was believed to be resident at Cnoc-Aine, 
in the county of Limerick, where she was ra- 
vished by Oilioll Olum, king of Munster. It 



1 Mac Cuill, fyc. According to an old Irish 
poem, quoted by Keating in his History of Ire- 
land (See Haliday's edition, p. 212), the real 
names of these kings were Eathur, Teathur, 
and Ceathur ; and the first was called Mac Cuill, 
because he worshipped the hazel tree ; the se- 
cond, Mac Ceacht, because he worshipped the 
plough, evidently alluding to his wish to pro- 
mote agriculture; and the third, Mac Greine, 
because he worshipped the sun as his god. For 
some fanciful disquisitions upon the history and 
names of these kings the reader is referred to 
Vallancey's Vindication of Irish History, p. 496. 
In Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise, it is stated that " this people, 
Tuathy De Danan, ruled Ireland for 197 years; 
that they were most notable magicians, and 
would work wonderful thinges by magick and 
other diabolicale arts, wherein they were ex- 
ceedingly well skilled, and in these days ac- 
compted the chiefest in the world in that pro- 
fession." From the many monuments ascribed 
to this colony by tradition, and in ancient Irish 
historical tales, it is quite evident that they were 
a real people ; and from their having been consi- 
dered gods and magicians by the Gaedhil or Scoti, 
who subdued them, it maybe inferred that they 
were skilled in arts which the latter did not un- 



am] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



Tuatha-De-Dananns, who were in joint sovereignty over Ireland. These were 
Mac Cuill z , Mac Ceacht, and Mac Greine. 

The Age of the World, 3500. The fleet of the sons of Milidh" came to 
Ireland at the end of this year, to take it from the Tuatha-De-Dananns ; and 
they fought the battle of Sliabh Mis with them on the third day after landing. 
In this battle fell Scota, the daughter of Pharaoh, wife of Milidh ; and the grave 
of Scota" is [to be seen] between Sliabh Mis and the sea. Therein also fell 
Fas, the wife of Un, son of Uige, from whom is [named] Gleann-Faisi c . After 
this the sons of Milidh fought a battle at Tailtinn d , against the three kings of 
the Tuatha-De-Dananns, Mac Cuill, Mac Ceacht, and Mac Greine. The battle 
lasted for a long time, until Mac Ceacht fell by Eiremhon, Mac Cuill by 
Eimhear, and Mac Greine by Amhergin. 



looks very strange that our genealogists trace 
the pedigree of no family living for the last 
thousand years to any of the kings or chieftains 
of the Tuatha-De-Dananns, while several fami- 
lies of Firbolgic descent are mentioned as in 
Hy-Many, and other parts of Connaught. See 
Tribes and Customs of Hy-Many, p. 85-90, and 
O'Flaherty's Ogijgia, part iii. c. 1 1. The tract 
above alluded to as in the shape of a dialogue 
between St. Patrick and Caoilte Mac Ronain, 
preserves the ancient names of many monu- 
ments of both these colonies, as well as of their 
conquerors, the Gaedhil or Scoti, now lost to 
tradition, and is, therefore, well worthy of pub- 
lication. There are two imperfect vellum copies 
of it extant, but from the two a perfect copy 
could probably be obtained ; one in the Bod- 
leian Library, Laud. 610, fol. 123 to 146, and 
the other in the Book of Lismore, the original 
of which is in the possession of the Duke of De- 
vonshire, and a fac-simile copy in the Library of 
the Royal Irish Academy. 

* The fleet of the sons of Milidh Nennius, a 
British writer who flourished about the year 
850, says that they came to Ireland with a fleet 
of 120 ciuli. Mageoghegan, in his translation 
of the Annals of Cloumacuoise, adds, that the 



sons of Miletus (Milesius) arrived in Ireland 
on the 17th of May, 1029 years before the 
birth of Christ. As authority for this he re- 
fers to a work on Irish history, by " Calogh 
O'More, who was a very worthy gentleman, and 
a great searcher of antiquity ;" but he adds, that 
" Philip O'Soullevane, in his printed work, de- 
dicated to Philip the Fourth, King of Spain, 
sayeth that they came in the year before the 
birth of our Saviour, 1342, which is from this 
time present (1627), the number of 2969 years, 
Laesthenes being then the thirty-third Monarch 
of the Assyrians." See O'Sullivan's Hist. Ca- 
thol. Iber. Compendium, torn. i. lib. iii. c. i. p. 32. 

b The grave of Scota. This is still pointed out 
in the valley of Gleann-Scoithin, townland of 
Clahane, parish of Annagh, barony of Trougha- 
nacmy, and county of Kerry. See Ordnance 
Map of Kerry, sheet 38. Sliabh Mis, anglice 
Slieve Mish, is a mountain in the same barony. 

c Gleann-Faisi. Keating states that this val- 
ley was so called in his own time. It is now 
called Glenofaush, and is situated in the town- 
land of Knockatee, parish of Ballycashlane, in 
the same barony See Ordnance Map, sheet 40. 

d Tailltin. Now Tel town, in Meath. See 
note , p. 19, svprd. 



E 



26 



[3501. 



Copcpacup cpa a ccfopa Riojna, 6pe la Suip 5 e, porla la hGaoan, -, 
banba la Cmchfp. Ro rr aoinea6 an each pa ofoib pop Cuachaib De Da- 
nann, -] po machcaic in 5 ac mai 5 in i rcappupcap mo. Copcparap o macoib 
TTlileab Don leich ele od caoipioc aipfsoa 05 plaije an maDma, Puao i Sleibh 
PUOID, i Cuailjne i Sleib Cuailgne. 

doip Domain cpi TTIile cuig cfo a haon. dp f po bliaDam in po gab Gpea- 
mon -| Grheap comptainup op Gpino, -| po panopacc 6pe ap DO froppa. dp 
innce bfop DO ponao na jnioriia po piop la hGipeamon ~\ la hSriiep co na 
ccaoipiochaib. Rdrh bfochaij op 6oip i nQpsacc Rop,-| l?dr Oinn i ccpich 
Cualann, lahGipeamon, cocap Inbip moip, i ccpich Ua nGneachjlap Cualann, 
la hQimepsm, cumoach Oume Nctip i Sleib TTIoDaipn, la ^oipcen, Dun Oel- 
ginnpi i ccpfc Cualann la Seoga, Dun Sobaipce i TTlupbolg Dal Riaoa la 
Sobaipce, i Dun Gaoaip la Suipje. La h6pearhon co na caoipiochaib Do 
ponab innpm. Rach Uamain i Laijnib la hGrheap. Rach Clpoa SuipD la 
hGacan mac nUice, Cappacc pechaije la hUn mac nUicce, Cappacc bla- 



* Sliabh Fuaid: i.e. Fuad's mountain, a moun- 
tain near Newtown Hamilton, in the county of 
Armagh, much celebrated in Irish history 
See note y , under the year 1607- 

f Sliabh Cuailgne. Now Sliabh Cuailghe, an- 
glice Cooley mountains, situated near Carling- 
ford, in the north of the county of Louth. 

g Rath-Beothaigh. Now Rathbeagh, a town- 
land on the banks of the River Eoir or Feoir, 
anglice the Nore, in a parish of the same name, 
barony of Galmoy, and county of Kilkenny. 
See the Ordnance Map of that county, sheets 9 
and 10. 

h Argat-Ros : i. e. the Silver Wood, was the 
name of a woody district on the Nore, in the 
territory of Ui-Duach. See it referred to as a 
lordship, under the year 851. 

l Bath- Oinn Now probably Rathdown. Crich- 
Cualann is included in the present county of 
Wicklow. 

11 Inbher-mkor This was the ancient name of 
the mouth of the Abhainn-mhor, or Ovoca, 
which discharges itself into the sea at the town 



of Arklow, in the county of Wicklow. This 
tochar is still traceable, and gives name to a 
townland near Arklow. 

1 Ui-Eineacliglais- Cualann This was the name 
of a territory comprised in the present barony 
of Arklow. It derived its name from Breasal 
Eineachglas, one of the sons of Cathair Mor, 
King of Ireland in the second century. 

m Dun-Nair, inSliabhMudhoirn Now obsolete. 

Sliabh Modhairn was the ancient name of a range 
of heights near Ballybay, in the barony of Cre- 
morne, and county of Monaghan. In Kinfaela's 
poem on the travels, &c. of the Milesians, it is 
stated that Cumhdach-Nair was on Sliabh Mis. 

n Dun-Deilginnsi: i. e. the Dun or Fort of Deil- 
ginis, which was the ancient name of Dalkey 
Island, near Dublin, not Delgany, in the county 
of Wicklow, as is generally supposed. The lat- 
ter place, which is not an island, was called, in 
Irish, Deirgne-Mochorog See O'Clery's Irish 
Calendar, at 22nd December. 

Dun-Sobhairce in Murbholg of Dal-Riada 

Now Dunseverick, an isolated rock on which are 



3501.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 27 

Their three queens were also slain ; Eire by Suirghe, Fodhla by Edan, and 
Banba by Caicher. The battle was at length gained against the Tuatha-De-Da- 
nanns, and they were slaughtered, wherever they were overtaken. There fell 
from the sons of Milidh, on the other hand, two illustrious chieftains, in fol- 
lowing up the rout, [namely] Fuad at Sliabh Fuaid 6 , and Cuailgne at Sliabh 
Cuailgne f . 

The Age of the World, 3501. This was the year in which Eremhon and 
Emher assumed the joint sovereignty of Ireland, and divided Ireland into two 
parts between them. It was in it, moreover, that these acts following were done 
by Eremhon and Emher, with their chieftains : Rath-Beothaigh*, over the Eoir 
in Argat-Ros", and Rath-Oinn' in Crich-Cualann, [were erected] by Eremhon. 
The causeway of Inbher-mor", in the territory of Ui Eineachglais-Cualann 1 , [was 
made] by Amergin. The erection of Dun Nair, in Sliabh Modhairn m , by Gosten; 
Dun-Deilginnsi", in the territory of Cualann, by Sedgha ; Dun-Sobhairce, in 
Murbholg Dal-Riada, by Sobhairce ; and Dun Edair p by Suirghe. By Eremhon 
and his chieftains these were erected. Rath- Uamhain q , in Leinster, by Emhear ; 
Rath-Arda-Suird r by Etan, son of Uige ; Carraig-Fethaighe* by Un, son of Uige ; 

some fragments of the ruins of a castle, near the ' Rath- Uamhain: i. e. the Rath or Fort of the 
centre of a small bog, three miles east of the Cave. This is probably Eathowen, in Wexford. 
Giants' Causeway, in the county of Antrim. No See Inquisition, 38 Car. I. It is called Rath- 
portion of the original dun, or primitive fort, now Eomhain by Keating. See his History of Ireland, 
remains See the Dublin Penn,y Journal, vol. i. Haliday's edition, p. 302. 

p. 361. It should be here remarked that Murbholg ' Rath-arda-Suird. In Kinfaela's poem the 
of Dal-Riada was the ancient name of the small erection of this fort is ascribed to Fulman, and 
bay opposite this rock, and that Murlough Bay, that of Rath-Righbaird is attributed to Edan, 
in the same county, was also anciently called which is more correct, as it appears that, in the 
Murbholg. This fort was not erected during the distribution of territory, the province of Con- 
reign of Eremhon and Emhear, for Sobhairce, naught, in which Rath-Righbaird is situated, fell 
after whom it was named, nourished a consider- to the lot of Un and Edan. Fulman was seated 
able time after; and in Kinfaela's poem, though in Munster, which was Ember's or Heber's par- 
Dun-Sobhairceis given among the forts erected ticular portion of the island, and not the nor- 
by the sons of Milidh and their followers, it them portion, as Giraldus erroneously states, 
adds, lap realao, j_ ^ af^j. some time." The fort called Rath-arda-Suird was situated 
P Dun-Etair. This fort, which was otherwise on the hill of Rath-tSiuird, about half a mile 
called Dun-Crimhthainn, was situated on the to the north- west of the old church of Donagh- 
Hill of Howth, near Dublin. Dr. Petrie states more, near the city of Limerick. The site of the 
that its site is occupied by the Bailie's Light- rath is now occupied by the ruins of a castle, 
house. See Dun-Crimthainn, A. D. 9. ' Carraig-Fethaigh.Aa Un was one of the 

E 2 



28 



[3502. 



paige la TTlancan, Dun QpDinne la Caichfp, T?ach RiojbaipO i TTlu, r i r cc la 
pulman. Ca hGmip co na caoipiochaib innpin. 

Ro pap impiupam i poipceann na bliaDna r o ecip Gpfmon -\ eriieap im na 
rpfb opuimnib oippbfpca, Opuim Clapaij i cCpich Tllaine, Opuim bfchaij 
i maonmaij.i Opuim Pmgin i TTlumain. pfprap each fcoppa ay allop ap 
bpu 6pi Dam a 5 Cochap ecep Da maj. dp ppipme apbfpap car ^eipille. 
TTleabaiD an car pop eriieap, -| DO cfp ano. Copcpacap Dna rpi caoipij 
aipfgoa DO muincip Gpeamoin ipin car cfona. ^oipcen, Secja, -j Suipge a 
nanmanna. ^abaip Gpfmon an pije lap pin. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mill cuicc cfo aoo. Qn cfio bliaDam DO pije Gpeariiom 
op epinn.i an oapa bliaDam lap ccechc DO macoib TTlfleaD, Do pann Gpfmon 
Gpe. Oo pao coicceaD Ula6 DGmeap mac Ip, an TTluma Do cficpe macoib 
Gmip pmo; coigeaD Connacc oUn -\ oGaoan, -] coicceaD Caijfn Do Cpiorh- 
rann Sciachbel DO Oomnanocoib. 



two chieftains seated in Connaught, it may be 
conjectured that his fort or residence was situated 
at Rath-Uin, anglice Rahoon, near the town of 
Gal way. See Chorographical Description of West 
Connauglti, edited by Hardiman, p. 56, note ". 

1 Carraig-Blaraighe. Called by Keating Curii- 
oac Caipje 6la6pai6e, the edifice of Carrig- 
Bloyree. The Editor never met any topogra- 
phical name in Ireland like Bladhraidhe, except 
Blyry in the barony of Brawney, and county of 
Westmeath. Ordnance Map, sheet 29. 

u Dun-Airdinne Called Dun-Inn by Keating 
(vbi supra), who states that it is situated in the 
west of Ireland. It is now unknown. 

w Rath-Righbaird in Muiresc. This fort is 
mentioned in the Annotations on the Life of St. 
Patrick, by Tirechan, in the Book of Armagh, 
in which it is called in Latin Fossa Riabairt. 
The church of Bishop Bronus, now Killaspug- 
brone, near the hill of Knocknarea, in the ba- 
rony of Carbury and county of Sligo, is referred 
to as built near this fort. 

1 Druim-Clasach in Crick-Maine According 

to the Life of St. Greallan, patron saint of Crich- 



Maine, or Hy-Many, this Druim, or long hill, or 
ridge, is situated in Hy-Many, between Lough 

Ree and the River Suck See Tribes and Customs 

of Hy-Many, p. 10. 

* Druim-Beathaigh in Maenmhagh. This was 
the ancient name of a remarkable ridge extend- 
ing across the plain of Maenmagh, near the town 
of Loughrea, in the county of Galway. The 
name is obsolete, but the ridge is identifiable. 

* Druim- Finghin in Munster : i. e. Fineen's 
ridge. This name is still in use, and applied to 
a long ridge of high ground dividing the barony 
of Decies-within-Drum, from that of Decies- 
without-Drum, in the county of Waterford. It 
extends from near Castle- Lyons, in the county 
of Cork, to Ringoguanach, on the south side of 
the bay of Dungarvan. 

" Bri-Damh : i. e. the hill of the Oxen. This 
is referred to in the Tripartite Life of St. Pa- 
trick, published by Colgan (Trias Thaum., p. 1 60), 
as Mons Bri-damk ; but there is no mountain 
near Geshill, nor any hill higher than 355 
feet. In a description of the site of this battle, 
preserved in the Dinnsenchus (as given in the 



3502.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



29 



Carraig-Blaraighe' by Mantan ; Dun-Ardinne u by Caicher ; Rath-Righbaird, in 
Muiresg", by Fulman. By Emher and his chieftains these [were erected]. 

A dispute arose at the end of this year, between Eremhon and Emhear, about 
the three celebrated hills, Druim Clasaigh x , in Crich-Maine ; Druim-Beathaigh, 
in Maenmhagh 7 ; and Druim Finghin, in Munster z . In consequence of which 
a battle was fought between them, on the brink of Bri-Damh", at Tochar-eter- 
da-mhagh ; and this is called the battle of Geisill. The battle was gained upon 
Emhear, and he fell therein. There fell also three distinguished chieftains of the 
people of Eremhon in the same battle ; Goisten, Setgha, and Suirghe, [were] 
their names. After this Eremhon assumed the sovereignty 6 . 

The Age of the World, 3502. The first year of the reign of Eremhon over 
Ireland ; and the second year after the arrival of the sons of Milidh, Eremhon 
divided Ireland. He gave the province of Ulster to Emhear, son of Ir ; Munster 
to the four sons of Emhear Finn ; the province ofConnaught tolln andEadan; 
and the province of Leinster to Crimhthann Sciathbhel" of the Damnonians. 



Book of Ballymote, fol. 193), it is stated that 
there were many mounds at this place, in which 
Emhear, Ever, or Heber, and the other chieftains 
slain in the battle, were interred. The name 
Tochar-eter-da-mhagh, denotes the togher or 
causeway between the two plains, and the name 
is partly still preserved in that of the townland 
of 6aile an cocaip, anglice Ballintogher, i. e. 
the Town of the Causeway, in the parish and 
barony of Geshill, and near the village of the 
same name. The territory of the two plains, 
in Irish, Cucic ou riiuij, and anglicised Teth- 
moy, was the name of a considerable territory 
in the ancient Offally, comprising the baronies 
of Warrenstown and Coolestown, in the east of 
the King's County, as appears from an old map 
of Leix and Ophaly, preserved in the British 
Museum. 

11 Assumed the sovereignty : i. e. became sole 
monarch of Ireland. 

'Emhear Finn : generally anglicised HeberFinn. 
The inhabitants of the south of Ireland are con- 
stantly designated by the appellation of Siol 



6imip, or Sliocc6iBip, by the Irish poets down 
to the present century. Giraldus is evidently 
wrong in stating that Heberus possessed the 
northern portion of Ireland. 

* Crimhthann Sciathbhel. lie was of the Fir- 
bolgic colony. Keating, in his History of Ireland, 
and the O'Clerys, in their Leabkar-Gabkala, 
give an account of the arrival of the Cruithnigh 
or Picts iu Ireland, at this time, and of their final 
settlement in Alba or Scotland, having received 
from Eremhon, or Heremon, the widows of the 
Milesian chieftains who had been drowned on the 
expedition from Spain. See Keating's History of 
Ireland; O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii, c. 18 ; 
O'Halloran, vol. ii. c. 4 ; and the Irish translation 
of Nennius's Historia Britonum, in which Doctor 
Todd has inserted the various accounts of the 
arrival of the Picts in Ireland. It is stated in 
the Irish accounts, that the Picts, on this occa- 
sion, pledged themselves solemnly that, should 
they become masters of that country they were 
about to invade, the sovereignty thereof should 
be ever after vested in the descendants of the 



30 



[3503. 



tea, m 5 fn Lui 5 beac, m,c Iche, cu 5 epfmon , r ,n e rP din cap cfnD Ot>ba, 
ar f an Cea r o cona,ccf r ro,p 50 hepfmon culo,j cogaibe ma cionpccpa 
cec,p maisean ipaegbao, 50,1.06 innre no habnaicn, n no coccaibce a mup n 
a Ii 5 e, ! 50 mab ano no b,a6 5 ac p 105 opDan no 5 f>n F 'oD Dia pfol 50 bpar. 
a r mo na para conOo 5 a,b aipe im a comall 01, dim^m ^lumjeal n 
emeappionn. Ipeab mpom 60 pacgip Dpuim Caom .,. teamuip. Ct r uaice 
ponceap, -| ar innce po habnachc. 

Obba ona macaip TTluimne, -\ Luijne, i Laijne Decc 5 o po haonachc i 

nObba. 

Cach Cuile Caichip, i copcaip Caiceap Id hQirinp^n n 

biiabomfi, n F oc r f r KF T in mal 5 in r in cona6 Ua6a D0 

Caichip. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cuicc cfo a cpi. Qn oapa bliabam DO pije Gpf- 
moin op Gpinn. Qimipsin ^lumseal mac TTlileab DO cuicim hi ccac bile 
cinfb an bliabainp la hGpearhon. Uomaibm naoi mbpopac .1. aib'ne nGle, 



an 



female rather than the male line. See also 
Bede's Hist. Eccl. lib. i. c. 1. 

In preference to Odhb/ia. It is stated in the 
Book of Lecan, and in the Leabhar-Gabhcda of 
the O'Clerys, that Heremon, who was otherwise 
called Geide Ollgothach, had put away his lawful 
wife, Odhbha, the mother of his elder children, 
Muimhne, Luighne, and Laighne, and married 
Tea, the daughter of Lughaidh mac Itha, from 
whom Tara was named Tea- mur, i.e. the mound 
of Tea ; that Odhbha followed her children to 
Ireland, and died of grief from being repudiated 
by her husband, and was interred at Odhbha, 
in Meath, where her children raised a mound to 
her memory See note ', infra. 

{ Dower: cmnpcpa. The cmnpcpa was a re- 
ward always given by the husband to the wife, 
at their marriage, a custom which prevailed 
among the Jews, and is still observed by the 
Turks and other eastern nations. See Genealo- 
gies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 207, 
note T . 

8 Druim-Caoin: i. e. the Hill of Caen, a man's 



name. It was the name of Tara Hill among the 
Firbolgs See Petrie's Antiquities of Tara Hill, 
p. 108. 

11 From her it was called: i. e. from her it was 
called Teamhair. This story is told somewhat 
better in Mageoghegan's translation of the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, as follows : 

" But first, before they landed on this land, 
Tea, the daughter of Louthus, that was wife 
of Heremon, desired one request of her said 
husband and kinsmen, which they accordingly 
granted, which was, that the place she should 
most like of in the kingdom should be, for ever 
after, called by her name; and that the place so 
called should be ever after the principal seat of 
her posterity to dwell in ; and upon their land- 
ing she chose Ley try mm" [6iac-bpuim], "which 
is, since that time, called Taragh, where the 
King's pallace stood for many hundred years 
after, and which she caused to be called Tea- 
mur. Mur, in Irish, is a town or pallace in 
English, and being joyned to Tea, maketh it to 
be the house, pallace, or town of Tea." 



3503.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



31 



Tea, daughter of Lughaidh; son of Ith, whom Eremhon married in Spain, to 
the repudiation of Odhbha 6 , was the Tea who requested of Eremhon a choice 
hill, as her dower f , in whatever place she should select it, that she might be 
interred therein, and that her mound and her gravestone might be thereon 
raised, and where every prince ever to be born of her race should dwell. The 
guarantees who undertook to execute this for her were Amhergin Gluingeal 
and Emhear Finn. The hill she selected was Druim-Caein s , i. e. Teamhair. It 
is from her it was called", and in it was she interred. 

Odhbha, the mother of Muimhne, Luighne, and Laighne, died, and was 
interred at Odhbha'. 

The battle of Cuil Caichir j , in which Caicher was slain by Amergin Gluin- 
geal, [was fought] this year ; and his grave was dug in that place, so that from 
him Cuil Caichir was named. 

The Age of the World, 3503. The second year of the reign of Eremhon 
over Ireland. Amhergin Gluingeal, son of Milidh, fell in the battle of Bile- 
tineadh" this year by Eremhon. The eruption of the nine Brosnachs 1 , i. e. rivers 



This derivation is, however, evidently legen- 
dary, for Ceariiaip was very common in Ireland 
as a woman's name, and it was applied to more 
hills than Teamhair, in Meath : as Teamhair 
Luachra, in Kerry, and TeamhairBhrogha-Niadh, 
in Leinster. In Cormac's Glossary it is stated, 
that the cearhaip of a house means a grianan, 
i. e. a bower, boudoir, or balcony, and that ceam- 
aip of the country means a hill commanding a 
pleasant prospect. That this is evidently the 
true meaning of the term is further manifest 
from the use of it in old Irish writings, as in 
the following passage in an Irish tract describ- 
ing the Siege of Troy, in H. 2, 15, "Oo ponao 
Ona cpeb cam cumbacca -| popab leip pop 
Ceamaip -) oinjna na carpac DO oalluc -| 
o'poipoecpm -\ oo DiuBpacao." " Then was 
erected a fine, protecting house, and a look-out 
tower upon the teamhair and digna of the city, 
to reconnoitre, view, and discharge [weapons]." 

' Odhbha This was the name of a mound on 



the summit of a hill giving name to a territory 
in the ancient Meath, which is mentioned in 
O'Dugan's topographical poem as the lordship 
of O'h-Aedha, a name now usually anglicised 
Hughes See it mentioned at A. D. 890 and 
1016. The name, which would be anglicised 
Ovey, is now obsolete. There is another place 
of this name in Partry-of-the-inountain, on the 
west side of Lough Mask, in the county of Mayo, 
generally called Odhbha-Ceara, and anglicised 
Ballovey. 

j Cuil- Caichir : i. e. Caicher's corner, or angle, 
now unknown. 

*Bile-tineadh: i. e. the ancient Tree of the Fire. 
This is said to be in Cula-Breagh, and is the place 
now called Coill a' Bhile, anglice Billywood, in 
the parish of Moynalty, barony of Lower Kells, 
and county Meath. 

1 Nine Brosnachs.-r-Tbere are only two rivers 
of this name at present. The other seven were 
only small tributary streams to these. 



32 



emeaNH. 



[3504. 



nao, Rije .,. aibne Laijfn, n ceopa nllmpionn Ua nOiliolla ipin bliaDam 

cfona. 

doip Domain, cpi mile cuicc cfo a pe. Cln cn, 5 eaD bliaDam Do pi 5 e 
Gpfmoin pulman 1 ITlannnan Do cuicim lap an pig i each 6peo 5 am , 
bpemean,! comaibm na loch po in blia&am cfona. Loc Cimbe, Loc buaboij, 
Loch 6aa6, Loc Ren, Loc pionnmaije, Loc ^peine, Loc Riach, Loch Da 
Caoch i Laijmb, } Loc Laoj mo Ulcoib. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cuic cfo a ofich. Qn naomaD blia&ain Do pije 
Gpfmoin Do cfp Un, Gn, -] Gaoan laip i ccac Compaipe i miDe. Comamm 
Gichne i nUib Nell, na cfopa Socc i Connachcaib, ~[ Ppegabail ecin Ddl 
nQpaibe -\ Oal Riaoa an blia&ampi. Qibne laopiDe. 



m Nine Righes There are only four rivers 

of this name in Leinster at present ; one near 
Callan, in the county of Kilkenny ; the second 
flowing between the counties of Kildare and 
Meath, and paying its tribute to the Liffey, near 
Lucan; and the third in the county of Wicklow, 
and uniting with the Liffey near Blessington; 
and the fourth in the north-west of the Queen's 
County. 

Three Uinsionns UKOiliolla, or Tir-Oili- 
olla, is the barony of Tirerrill, in the county of 
Sligo ; but there is no river now bearing the 
name of Uinsionn in this barony. 

Breoahan in Feimhin. Feimhin was the 
name of a level plain in the south-east of the 
now county of Tipperary, comprised in the pre- 
sent baronies of Iffa and Offa East ; but the 
name Breoghan is now obsolete. 

p Loch Cimbe : more usually written Loch 
Cime, now Lough Hackett, in the barony of 
Clare, and county of Galway. See O'Flaherty's 
Ogygia, part iii. c. 17, and part iii. c. 79, where 
the same lake is called Loch Sealga ; but this is 
a mistake, for Loch Sealga is near Carn-Traoich, 
not far from Tulsk, in the county of Roscommon. 

q Loch Buadhaigh: i. e. the lake of the victo- 
rious man. Not identified. 

' Loch Baadh Now Lough Baah, near Cas- 



tle Plunkett, in the county of Eoscommon. 
Charles O'Conor, of Belanagare, resided near 
this lake before he succeeded to his father's 
estate. 

* Loch Ren This name still exists, and is 

applied to a small lake near Fenagh, in the 
plain of Magh Rein, in the county of Leitrim. 
It is situated on the northern boundary of the 
townland of Fenaghbeg. 

' Loch Finnmhaighe. This name is preserved 
on the Down Survey, as Lough Fenvoy. It is 
situated in the barony of Carrigallen, and county 
of Leitrim, and is now called Garadice Lough 
See note ', under the year 1 257, and note *, under 
1386. 

u Loch Greine: i. e. the Lake of Grian (a wo- 
man's name), now Lough Graney, in the north 
of the county of Clare See map to Tribes and 
Customs of Hy-Many. 

w Loch Riach Now Lough Reagh, near the 
town of the same name in the county of Galway. 

"Loch Da Chaech This was the ancient 
name of Waterford harbour between Leinster 
and Munster. 

y Loch Laegh This is translated " lacus vi- 
tuli," by Adamnan. The position of this lough 
is determined by the ancient ecclesiastical Irish 
writers, who place the church of Cill Kuaidh, 



3506.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



33 



of Eile; of the nine Righes m , i. e. rivers of Leinster; and of the three Uinsionns" 
of Hy-Oiliolla. 

The Age of the World, 3506. The fifth year of the reign of Eremon. 
Fulman and Man tan fell by the king in the battle of Breogan, in Feimhin ; and 
the eruption of the following lakes [took place] in the same year : Loch Cimbe", 
Loch Buadhaigh", Loch Baadh r , Loch Ren', Loch Finnmhaighe', Loch Greine u , 
Loch Riach", Loch Da-Chaech x , in Leinster, and Loch Laegh y , in Ulster. 

The Age of the World, 3510. The ninth year of the reign of Eremon, 
Un, En, and Edan, fell by him in the battle of Comhraire z , in Meath. The 
eruption of Eithne, in Ui-Neill'.; of the three Socs", in Connaught ; and of the 
Fregabhail c , between Dal-Araidhe and Dal-Riada, this year. These are rivers. 



now Kilroot, on its brink. It is now called 
Belfast Lough, close upon the margin of which 
some remains of this church are still to be 
seen. 

' Comhraire There was a church erected at 
this place by St. Colman mac Fintain (the bro- 
ther of St. Fursa of Peronne), whose festival 
was celebrated here on the 25th of September. 
The place is now called in Irish Cill Compaipe, 
which is anglicised Kilcomreragh. It is situated 
near the hill of Uisneach, in the barony of Moy- 
cashel, and county of Westmeath. See the Fei- 
lire Aenguis, at 16th November; the Irish Calen- 
dar of O'Clery, at 25th September; and Colgan's 
Ada Sanctorum, p. 95, col. 2. 

* Eithne, in Ui-NeiU. Now the Eiver Inny, 
which discharges itself into Lough Ree, to the 
south-west of Ballymahon, in the county of West- 
meath. By the name Ui-Neill is meant terra 
Nepotum Nettl, the ancient Meath having been 
so called in later ages, because it was divided 
among the sons of Niall of the Nine Hostages, 
and possessed by their descendants till the Eng- 
lish Invasion. It would have been more cor- 
rect to call this territory " Midhe," at this early 
period. The River Eithne was originally called 
Glaisi-Bearamain, and is said to have derived 
its present name from Eithne, daughter of King 



Eochaidh Feidhleach, and wife of Conchobhar 
Mac Nessa, King of Ulster in the first century. 
See the Book of Lecan, fol. 175, a. b. This 
river formed the boundary between North and 
South Teffia in St. Patrick's time See Ogygia, 
part iii. c. 85. 

b The three Socs. Michael Brennan, in his Irish 
poem on the River Shannon, states that the three 
Sucks of Connaught are the rivers still called the 
Suck and its tributaries, theSheffin and the River 

of Clonbrock, in the county of Galway See 

note ", under A. D. 1263, where the course of the 
main branch of the Ceopa Suca is described. 

c Freghabhail Now the Ravel Water, which 
rises in a small lake called Aganamunican, on 
the mountain of Slieveanee, in the parish of Du- 
naghy, in the county of Antrim, and, flowing 
through the valley of Glenravel, to which it 
gives name, joins the Dungonnell River near 
the old burial ground of Deschart, whence 
their united waters flow in a south-east course 
until they fall into the Maine Water, near Glary 

ford See Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down, 

Connor, and Dromore, by the Rev. William 
Reeves, M. B., M. R. I. A., pp. 334, 335. The 
territory of Dal-Araidhe extended from Newry 
to this river ; and that of Dal-Riada comprised 
the remainder of the county of Antrim. 



34 aNNQta Ric-shachca eiReawN. [3517. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mfle cuicc cfo a r e Decc. Qn cuicceab bliabain t>ecc 
oGpeamon i pije, n a ecc a poipceann na pee pin i Rdic beoraij o r Goip i 

nQpjjac Ropy. 

Qoip Ooihoin, rpi mile cuicc cfo a pfchc Decc. Qn cfo bliabain Do 
TTIuimne, DO Uijne, -] DO Laijne, clann epfrhoin i ccoirhpije op 6pmn. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mile cuicc cfo a naoi Decc. 1 ppoipcfnn na ccpf 
mbliaban po acbarh TTIuimne i cCpuacham, Luighne -| Laijjne copcparop hi 
ccach Qpoa Labpann la macaib Gmip. 

6p, Opba, peapon, -] Pepjen cfirpe meic Gmep Ificbliabain Doib. Qp 
hi a leicbliabampi "\ leicblia&oin Nuabaicn Neachc DO m bliaoam corhlan,-| 
ap 05 an pij Nuaba Neachc aipimnp f i naoip Domain. Uopcpacop an clanD 
pin 6mip la hlpial pdib, mac nGpfmom,! ccac Cuile TTIapra lap bpopbaD na 
Ificbliabna pempdire. 

Ctoip Domain, cpi mile cuicc cfo pice anaoi. Q bpoipcfnO an Dfcmab 
bliabain po Ipiail pdib mic Gpfmom hi pije, puaip bap i TTlai^ TTluaiDe. Qp 
lap an Ipial ppaib po po cuipic na caca po. Car Guile TTlapca, Cac CtpDa 
Inmaoich hi Ueachba i cropcaip Scipne mac Ouib mic porhoip, car Ufn- 
maije i ccopcaip Gocha Gachceann pf pomoipe,-] Car Locmaije i ccopcaip 
Luj l?och, mac TTlopemip, opfpoib bolg. Qp i naimpip an Ipeoil cfona 
plfccab na maj, cogbail na pdch, -| robpucrab na naibneab po. Qciao na 
maije, Tllagh Sele i nUib Nell, TTIajh nGle la Caijmu, TTlajh Rechfc, TPajh 
Sanaip i Connachcaib, TTlajh Uechc la hUib mac Uaip, TTIa^h pairne la 

^Argot-Ross. See note under A.M. 3501, sup. Muaidhe, now Knockmoy, six miles south-east 

e Ard-Ladhrann See note d , A. M. 2242, sup. of Tuam, in the county of Galway, which is 

' Fergen Called Feorgna in Mageoghegan'a probably the place alluded to in the text. See 

Annak of Clonmacnoise, in Keating's History of Tribes and Customs of Hy- Many, p. 6. 

Ireland, and most of the genealogical accounts k Ard-Inmhaoith Would be anglicised Ard- 

of the race of Heber-Finn. invy, but the name is obsolete. 

' trial Faidh. Called "Irialus Vates" by ' Tenmaoith This plain is referred to as in 

Dr. Lynch and O'Flaherty, and "Iriell the Pro- Connaught, under A. M. 3549, but the name is 

phet," by Connell Mageoghegan. now unknown. 

" Cuil-Marta.Not identified. It is called m Lochmaghe. This is probably Loughma, 

Cuilmartra by O'Flaherty. near Thurles, in the county of Tipperary See 

Magh Muaidhe This may be the plain of Luachmagh, A. D. 1598. 

the River Moy, flowing between the counties of n Magh-Sde in Ui-Neitt: i. e. the Plain of the 

Mayo and Sligo, in Connaught; but the name Eiver Sele, in the country of the southern Ui- 

was also applied to a plain near the hill of Cnoc Neill, that is, Meath. The River Sele, which 



3516.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 35 

The Age of the World, 3516. The fifteenth year of the reign of Eremhon; 
he died at the end of this period at Rath-Beothaigh over the Eoir, in Argat-Ross". 

The Age of the World, 3517. The first year of the joint reign of Muimhne, 
Luighne, and Laighne, sons of Eremon, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3519. At the end of these three years Muimhne 
died at Cruachain. Luighne and Laighne fell in the battle of Ard-Ladhron e by 
the sons of Emhear. 

Er, Orba, Fearon, and Fergen f , the four sons of Emer, reigned half a year. 
This half year and the half year of Nuadhat Neacht make a full year ; and to 
Nuadhat Neacht it is reckoned in the age of the world. These sons of Emer 
were slain by Irial Faidh s , son of Eremon, in the battle of Cuil-Marta h , at the 
end of the half year aforesaid. 

The Age of the World, 3520. At the end of this, the tenth year of the 
reign of Irial Faidh, son of Eremon, he died at Magh-Muaidhe'. It was by 
this Irial Faidh the following battles were fought : the battle of Cuil-marta ; 
the battle of Ard-Inmaoith k , in Teathbha, in which fell Stirne, son of Dubh, son 
of Fomhor ; the. battle of Tenmaighe 1 , in which fell Eocha Echcheann, king of 
the Fomorians ; the battle of Lochmaighe m , in which fell Lughroth, son of 
Mofemis of the Firbolgs. It was in the time of the same Irial that the clearing 
of the plains, the erection of the forts, and the eruption of the rivers following, 
took place. These are the plains : Magh-Sele, in Ui-Neill n ; Magh nEle, in 
Leinster ; Magh-Reicheat p ; Magh-Sanais q , in Connaught ; Magh-Techt, in Ui- 

gave name to this place, is now called the Black- having been the residence of Finn Mac Cumhail 

water. It rises in Lough Eamor, near Virginia, in the third century, and of Colonel Grace in 

in the county of Cavan, and, flowing through the seventeenth See note m , under A. D. 1475, 

the barony of Upper Kells, by Tailten, in Meath, and note m , under A. D. 1418. 

pays its tribute to the Boyne at Dubh-chomar, r Magh-Reicheat. Keating adds that this plain 

now the town of Navan. This river is dis- is in Laoighis, L e. Leix, in the present Queen's 

tinctly mentioned as near Taltenia, in the Tri- County; but in the Preface to the Feilire-Aenguis 

partite Life of St. Patrick, lib. ii. c. 4, apud it is mentioned as a plain in Ui-Failghe (Offaly), 

Colgan, Trias Thaum, p. 129; and Colgan ob- containing the church of Cuil-Beannchair, now 

serves, in a note, p. 173, that it was, in his own Coolbanagher, alias Whitechurch. It is now 

time, called Abha-dhubh. called, in English, Morett, and is a manor in 

Magh-n-Ele in Leinster Now Moyelly, a the barony of Portnahinch, adjoining the Great 

townland in the parish of Kilmanaghan, barony Heath of Maryborough, in the Queen's county, 

of Kilcoursey, and King's County, famous as q Magh-Sanais. Not identified. 

F2 



36 



[3530. 



hdipcfpa, TTla 5 h nOa,pbpfc , pocapcaib Oaipbpeac, TTla 5 h Lu 5 na i cCian- 
nacca, TTlas nln, r la hUlcoib, TTlag Chuile F f6a i pfpnmms, Hlaj comaip, 
TTlaj TTlme, TTlaj Coba, TTlaj Cuma la hU,b Nell, TTlag pfpmhaije la 
hOipjmllaib, -] TTlaj Rmcca. Qciao na pacha, Rach Cpoich i TTloi 5 ,ni r , 
Rac Cumcfoha i Seriine, Rach bacain i Lacapna, Rach Lochaio i n^lap- 
capn, Rach 5laipe cu,l 5 , Da n 5 oipreap Rac Ciombaoic mo GaTTiain, Rac 
TTlochaish -] Rac 6uip 5 i Slechcmoij. Na haibne, Siu>p, peil, 6pcpe la 
murhain, na cpf pionna.-j na cpi Coimoe. 

aoi r Domain, cpi mile cuicc cfo rpiocac. Qn cfo bliaoain DO pije Gcpel, 
mac Ipeoil pdm, 0? Gpinn inopin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cuicc cfo cfcpacac anaoi. Qn picfcmab bliaDain 
DGrpel, mac Ipeoil pai6, mic Gpfmoin, i pi^e 50 ccopcaip la Conrhaol mac 



* Magh-techt, in Ui-Mac- Uais. Unknown. 
Ui-Mac Mais is believed to be the barony of 
Moygoish, in the county of Westmeath. See 
O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. 76. 

Magh-Faithne, in Airthera. Called IDa^ 
Poirm ip na h-iapcapaiB by Keating, which is 
incorrect. Magh-Faithne is obsolete. Arthera is 
the Irish name of the baronies of Orior, in the 
county of Armagh. 

' Magh-Dairbhreacli : i. e. the Plain of the 
Oaks. This plain is situated at the foot of the 
hill of Croghan, in the north of the King's 
County. The territory of Fotharta Dairbh- 
reach is referred to, in the old Irish authorities, 
as adjoining this hill, which was anciently called 
Bri-Eile. See Ogygia, part iii. c. 64. 

u Magh-Luglma. Keating calls this Magh 
Luinge. We are not told in which of the dis- 
tricts called Cianachta it was situated. 

w Magh-inis : i. e. the insular plain. This 
was the ancient name of the barony of Lecale, 
in the county of Down. See Tripartite Life of 
St. Patrick in Trias Thaum, part iii. c. 60, and 
Colgan's note, p. 185 : "Magh-inis hodie Leth- 
cathuil appellatur, in qua et ciuitas Dunensis 
et Saballmn iacent." 

'Magh- Cuile-feadha, in Fearnmhagh. Fearnm- 



hagh, i. e. the Alder Plain, is the Irish name of 
the barony of Farney, in the county of Monaghan. 
Magh-Cuile-feadha, i. e. the Plain of the Corner 
or Angle of the Wood, was probably the ancient 
name of the district around Loughfea, in this 
barony. 

J Magh-Comair: i. e. the Plain of the Con- 
fluence. Keating places this in Ui-Neill, i. e. 
in Meath. It is was probably the plain around 
Cummer, near Clonard, in Meath. There is 
another Magh-Comair, now anglice Muckamore, 
near the town of Antrim, in the county of An- 
trim. 

* Magh-Midhe. This is placed in Cianachta 
by Keating. 

a Magh- Cobha. This is placed in Ui-Eathach, 

i. e. Iveagh, in Ulster, by Keating See note u , 

under A. D. 1252. 

b Magh- Cuma, in Ui-Neill. Unknown. 
c Magh-Fearnmhaighe : now Farney, a barony 
in the south of the county of Monaghan. 

d Magh-Riada. This was the ancient name 
of a plain in Laoighis, or Leix, in the present 
Queen's County, and contained the forts of 
Lec-Reda and Eath-Bacain, where the chiefs of 
Laoighis resided, and the church called Domh- 
nach-mor. See the Tripartite Life of St. Pa- 



3530.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



37 



Mac-Uais r ; Magh-Faithne, in Airtheara 5 ; Magh-Dairbhreach', in Fotharla Dair- 
bhreach ; Magh-Lughna u , in Cianachta ; Magh-inis w , in Uladh ; Magh-Cuile- 
feadha, in Fearnmhagh*; Magh-Comair y ; Magh-Midhe z ; Magh-Cobha a ; Magh- 
Cuma, in Ui-Neill b ; Magh-Fearnmhaighe c , in Oirghialla ; and Magh-Riada d . 
These are the forts : Rath-Croich, in Magh-inis e ; Rath-Cuinceadha, in Seimhne f ; 
Rath-Bacain, in Latharna 8 ; Rath-Lochaid, at Glascharn h ; Rath-glaisicuilg, which 
is called Rath-Ciombaoith', at Eamhain ; Rath-Mothaigh* ; Rath-Buirg, in 
Sleachtmhagh 1 . The rivers were the Siuir m , Feil", Ercre , in Munster ; the three 
Finns" ; and the three Coimdes". 

The Age of the World, 3530. This was the first year of the reign of 
Eithrial, son of Trial Faidh, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3549. The twentieth year of the reign of'Eithrial, 
son of Irial Faidh, son of Eremon, when he fell by Conmhael, son of Emer, in 



trick in Trias Tfiaum., p. 155. 

' Rath-Croich, in Magh-inis : i. e. in the ba- 
rony of Locale, in the county of Down. Not 
identified. 

' Rath- Cuincheadka in Seimhne Island-Magee, 
in the county of Antrim, was anciently called 
Rinn-Seimhne, and this fort was probably on it, 
but the name is obsolete. 

1 Rath-bacain, in'Latharna: i. e. in Larne, 
a territory, in the county of Antrim, now in- 
cluded in the barony of Upper Glenarm. The 
name of this fort is obsolete. 

6 Rath-Lochaid, at Glascharn Both names 
unknown. 

' Rath-Cimbaoith This was the name of one 
of the forts at Emania, or the Navan, near Ar- 
magh. There was another fort of the name in 
the plain of Seimhne, near Island-Magee, in the 
present county of Antrim. 

k Rath-Mothaigh. Now Raith-Mothaigh, an- 
glice Ryemoghy, in a parish of the same name, 
in the barony of Raphoe and county of Donegal ; 
and there can be little doubt that Sleachtmhagh 
was the name of a plain in this parish. 

1 Rath-Buirg, in Sleachtmhagh Called Ratli- 



Buirech by Keating. Not identified. 

m The <!>. Now anglice " The Suir," which 
rises in Sliabh Aldiuin, or the Devil's Bit Moun- 
tain, in the barony of Ikerrin, and county of 
Tipperary, and, flowing by or through Thurles, 
Holycross, Golden Bridge, and Cahir, Ardfinan, 
and Carrick-on-Suir, and Waterford, finally 
unites with the Barrow, at Comar-na na dtri n- 
Uisceadh, about a mile below Waterford. 

n Feil. There is a river of this name in the 
county of Kerry, giving name to the village 
of Abbeyfeale, by which it passes ; but it is 
quite evident, from the Leabhar-Gabhala of the 
O'Clerys, that the river Corrane, which Hows 
from Loch Luighdheach, alias Corrane Lough, 
in the barony of Iveragh, in the west of the same 
county, was also originally called " Abhainn- 
Feile," and that is the river here alluded to. 

Ercre. Now unknown. 

v The three Finns. The River Finn, flowing 
through the barony of Raphoe, in the county of 
Donegal, was the principal one of these. The 
other two were probably tributary streams 
to it. 

* The three Coimdes. Not identified. 



38 



Rioghachca eiReawN. [3550. 



Gmip i ccac ttaipfno. Ip i jiemfp an Gcpeoil pi po plechcaicc na maijhe pi, 
Ueanma 5 h la Connachroib, TTlajh LujaD la Luine, TTlajh mbealais la 
MM cCuipcpe, TTlasSeipille la hUib bpailje, TTlash Ochcaip la Laijniu, 
Locmagh la Conaille, -| TTlaj T?oc la hUib Gachoach. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mile cuig cfo caoja. Qn ceo bliabain Do pije Conrhaoil, 
mac Girinp, op Gpinn innpm. Ceo 17i Gpeann a TTlurhoin epiDe. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mfle 0(115 cet) peacrmojac anaoi. lap mbeic Oech 
mbliaDna picfc DoConmaol, macGmip, i pije nGpeann copcaip i ccacQonaij 
TTlacha la Cijfpnmup mac pollaijh. Conmaol rpa ap laip DO cuipfb na 
caca po, cac ^eipille, i ccopcaip palap mac Gpearhom, car beppe, car 
Slebe 6fta la hUib Cpemrainn, car Ucha, cacCnucha, cac Slebe TTloDaipn 
i ccopcaip Sempoch mac Inboich, each Clepe, cac Capn moip i ccopcaip 
Ollac, cac Cocha Lfin popGapna, TTlaipcine,-] popTTlob Ruic, mac TTlopebip, 
opfpoib bolj, cac Gle. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile cuij cfo occmoac. Qn ceo bliaDain Do pije 
Uijfpnmaip mic pollai^ op Gpinn. 

CCoip Domain, cpf mfle cfo occmojac a haon. Qn oapa blia&ain Do pije 
Uijfpnmaip, comaibm na naoi loch po. Loch nUaip i TTlibe, Loch nlaipn, 

', Raeire. Genit. Raeireann. O'Flaherty says y Lochmhagh, in Conaille Keating places this 

that this is the name of a hill in Hyfalgia, but in Connaught. 

does not tell us its exact situation. It is the * Magh-roth. Called by Keating Magh-rath. 

place now called Raeipe mop, in the territory This was the name of a plain in the present 

of Iregan, or barony of Tinnahinch, in the county of Down, the position of which is deter- 

Queen's County, which was a part of the ancient mined by the village of Moira. 

Ui-Failghe, or Offaly. There is another place a Aenach-Macha This was another name for 

of the name in the territory of Ui-Muireadhaigh, Emania, or the Navan fort, near Armagh. Keat- 

near Athy, in the county of Kildare. ing says that Conmael was buried at the south 

' Teanmhagh. Unknown. side of Aenach-Macha, at a place then called 

' Magh-Lughadh. Unknown. Feart Conmhaoil. See Halliday's edit., p. 320. 

u Magh-bealaiffh, in Ui-Tuirtre : i. e. plain of b Geisill Now Geshil, in the King's County, 
the road or pass. Ui-Tuirtre was the name of c Berra. This is probably Bearhaven, in the 

a tribe and territory in the present county of south-west of the county of Cork. 
Antrim, but the name of the plain is unknown. d Sliabh-Beatha. There is no Sliabh Beatha 

"Magh-Oemlle: i. e. the plain of GeshilL This in Ireland but that on the borders of the coun- 
was the ancient name of a plain included in the ties of Fermanagh and Monaghan, already men- 
present barony of Geshill, in the King's County, tioned, note f , under A. M. 2242. 

1 Afagh-Ochtair, in Leinster. Unknown. Ucha. Not identified. 



3550.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



39 



the battle of Kaeire r . It was in the reign of this Eithrial that these plains were 
cleared : Teanmagh 8 , in Connaught ; Magh Lughadh', in Luighne ; Magh-Bea- 
laigh, in Ui-Tuirtre u ; Magh-Geisille w , in Ui-Failghe ; Magh-ochtair, in Leinster 1 ; 
Lochtnhagh, in Conaille y ; Magh-roth z , in Ui-Eathach. 

The Age of the World, 3550. This was the first year of the reign of 
Conmael, son of Eraer, over Ireland. He was the first king of Ireland from 
Munster. 

The Age of the World, 3579. Conmael, son of Emer, having been thirty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell, in the battle of Aenach-Macha", by 
Tighernmus, son of Follach. By Conmael had been fought these battles : the 
battle of Geisill", in which fell Palap, son of Eremon ; the battle of Berra ; the 
battle of Sliabh Beatha", in Ui Creamhthainn ; the battle of Ucha e ; the battle 
of Cnucha f ; the battle of Sliabh Modhairn*, in which fell Semroth, son of 
Inboith ; the battle of Clere"; the battle of Carnmor' 1 , in which fell Ollach ; 
the battle of Loch Lein", against the Ernai 1 and Martinei, and against Mogh 
Ruith, son of Mofebis of the Firbolgs ; the battle of Ele n . 

The Age of the World, 3580. The first year of the reign of Tighernmas, 
son of Folloch, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3581. The second year of the reign of Tighern- 
mas, the eruption of these nine lakes [occurred] : Loch Uair, in Meath ; Loch 



f Cnucha. This place is described as over the 
River Liffey, in Leinster. See Keating in the 
reign of Lughaidh Mac Con, and the Battle of 
Cnucha. It was probably the ancient name of 
Castleknock. 

1 Sliabh- Modhairn. This was the ancient 
name of a range of heights near Ballybay, in 
the barony of Cremorne, and county of Mo- 
naghan. The Mourne mountains, in the south 
of the county of Down, were originally called 
Beanna Boirche, and had not received their pre- 
sent name before the fourteenth century. 

" Clere Not identified. It may be Cape Clear, 
Co. Cork, or Clare Island, county Mayo. 

' Carn-mor. This was probably Carn-mor 
Sleibhe Beatha, for the situation of which see 
note ', A. M. 2242, p. 3, supra. 



k Loch-Lein The lakes at Killarney were 
originally so called. The name is now applied 
to the upper lake only. 

1 Ernai, A sept of the Firbolgs, seated in the 
present county of Kerry. 

m Martinet. A sept of the Firbolgs anciently 
seated in the baronies of Coshlea and Small 
County, in the county of Limerick, and in that 

of Clanwilliam, in the county of Tipperary 

See Book of Lismore, fol. 176, a. a. where Emly 
is referred to as in the very centre of this terri- 
tory. 

n Ele. A territory in the south of the King's 
County. 

Loch Uair. These lakes are set down iu a 
very irregular order by 1 the Four Masters. 
Keating and O'Flaherty have given their names 



aNwata Rioshacnca eiueaNN. 



[3656. 



Loch Ce , Connachcmb, Loch Sadeano, Loch nQ.llfno , cConnacca*, Loch 
pealiail, Loch ^aBaip, Oubloch 1 Loch Daball , lOippallaib. 

dor ooma,; cp, mil* T* cfo eaoccac a r e. d r f an blmbam p an 
r eaccma6 blmbau, oecc ap cp* F fchc,b t>o U, 5 f P nma r na pi* o r Spurn. 
Or la, r po bpireab na caca f o pop fiol nBmh.p n F op apaill oepfnncoib 1 
Jacca"pcenela,b o,le cen mo cac r om. Qc.ao f o na caca hi^n, each Glle 
, eopcaip Rocopb, mac5oUa,n, each Locmu, 5 e 1 ccapchaiT . Oa 5 a,pr* mac 
R tU micSollam, each Cula a,pD , mui^r, each Chuile Rpaochain, carh 
Hla^e Cechr, each Commaip, each Cula ach 5 uipc , Semne, each Q.po 
N,aDh hi cConnachcaiB, car Caipn F^6oij , copch 01 p F^paoac mac Ro- 
chmpb, mic ^ollain, 6 pdicfp Capn pfpa6ai5, each Cnameoille hi Connach 
ca!b each Cuile F ea6a, each Reabh, each Con 5 n ai 6e , Uuaic Gaba, each 
Cluana Cua r , i Ueachba, each Cluana TTlu.prcce, i mbpepne, Da each 
Chuile i ndp 5 ac Rop, each Gle, cac beppe, Seachc ccaca a 5 Loch Luj- 



in better succession. The Four Masters should 
have transcribed them in the following order : 
LochUair, Lochn-Iairn, Loch Saighleann, Loch 
Gabhair, and Dubh-loch, in Meath ; Loch Ce 
and Loch Ailleann, in Connaught ; and Loch 
Feabhail and Loch Dabhall, in Ulster. Loch 
Uair is now corruptly called in Irish Loch Uail, 
anglice Lough Owel, and is situated near Mul- 
lingar, in the county of Westmeath. 

p Loch n-Iairn. Now Lough Iron, situated on 
the western boundary of the barony of Corkaree, 
in the county of Westmeath. 

9 Loch Ce in Connaught. Now Lough Key, 
near Boyle, in the county of Eoscommon. 

' Loch Saileann Now Loch Sheelin, on the 
borders of the counties of Cavan, Longford, and 
Meath. 

s Loch n- Ailleann. Now Lough Allen, in the 
county of Leitrim ; by some considered the true 
source of the Shannon. 

' Loch Feabhail. Now Lough Foyle, an arm 
of the sea between the counties of Londonderry 
and Donegal. It is stated in the Dinnseanchus 
and by Keating, that this lough took its name 



from Febhal, son of Lodan, one of the Tuatha- 
De-Dananns. 

u Loch- Gabhair. This lough is now dried up, 
but the place is still called Loch Gobhar, anglice 

Lagore&r Logore See Colgan's.4cta Sanctorum, 

p. 422, n. 14, and Proceedings of the Royal Irish 
Academy, vol. i. p. 424. 

" Dubh-loch: the Black Lough. Keating places 
this lough in the territory of Ard-Cianachta, now 
the barony of Ferrard, in the county of Louth. 
* Loch- Dabhall, in Oirghialla. This was the 
ancient name of a lake not far from the town of 
Armagh, but the name is obsolete. See note w , 
on Cluain-Dabhail, under the year 1514. 

'Elle Otherwise Elne or Magh Elne, was the 
name of a district lying between the rivers Bann 
and Bush, in the present county of Antrim. 

" Lochmagh: i. e. Plain of the Lake; the situa- 
tion of this lake is uncertain. 

"Cul-ard, in Magh-inis In the barony of Le- 
cale, county of Down. 

b Cuil-Fraechain: i. e. the Corner or Angle of 
the Bilberries ; not identified. 
c Magh-Teacht.See A. M. 



3656.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



41 



n-Iairn p ; Loch Ce q , in Connaught; Loch Saileann r ; Loch n-Ailleann s , in Con- 
naught ; Loch Feabhail'; Loch Gabhair"; Dubhloch"; and Loch DabhalF, in 
Oirghialla. 

The Age of the World, 3656. This was the seventeenth year above three 
score of Tighearnmas, as king over Ireland. It was by him the following bat- 
tles were gained over the race of Emhear, and others of the Irish, and foreigners 
besides. These were the battles : the battle of Elle y , in which fell Rochorb, 
son of Gollan ; the battle of Lochmagh z , in which fell Dagairne, son of Goll, son 
of Gollan ; the battle of Cul-ard 1 , in Magh-inis ; the battle of Cuil Fraechan b ; 
the battle of Magh-techt c ; the battle of Commar d ; the battle of Cul-Athguirt e , 
in Seirnhne ; the battle of Ard-Niadh f , in Connaught ; the battle of Carn- 
Fearadhaigh E , in which fell Fearadha_ch, son of Rochorb, son of Gollan, from 
whom Carn-Fearadhaigh is called ; the battle of Cnamh-choill h , in Connaught; 
the battle of Cuil-Feadha 1 ; the battle ofReabh"; the battle of Congnaidhe, in 
Tuath-Eabha 1 ; the battle of Cluain-Cuas m , in Teathbha ; the battle of Cluain- 
Muirsge", in Breifne ; the two battles of Cuil , in Argat-Ross ; the battle of Ele p ; 
the battle of Berra q ; seven battles at Loch Lughdhach r ; two other battles at 



d Commar Not identified. There are count- 
less places of the name in Ireland. 

' Cul-Athguirt, in Seimhne. This was some- 
where near Island Magee, but the name is now 
obsolete. 

' Ard-Niadh : i. e. Hill of the Hero ; not 
identified. 

* Carn-Feradhaigh: i. e. Fearadhach's Cam or 
Sepulchral Heap. This is referred to in the 
Book of Lecan, fol. 204, as on the southern 
boundary of the territory of Cliu-Mail. It was 
probably the ancient name of Seefin, in the ba- 
rony of Coshlea, in the south of the county of 
Limerick. 

" Cnamh-choill : i. e. Wood of the Bones. This 
was probably the ancient name of a wood in the 
district of Cuil-Cnamha, in the east of the barony 
of Tireragh, and county of Sligo. There were 
two other places of this name in Munster. 

1 Cuil-feadha : i. e. Corner or Angle of the 
Wood. St. Columbkille fought a battle at a 



place of this name, but it has not been identi- 
fied by any of our writers. 

k Beabh. Unknown. 

Congnaidh, in Tuath-Eabha Tuath-Eabha 
is now called Machaire-Eabha, and is situated 
at the foot of Binbulbin, in the barony of Car- 
bery, and county of Sligo. 

10 Cluan-cuas: i. e. the Plain of the Caves, now 
Cloncoose, in the barony of Granard, county of 
Longford. See Inquisitions, Lagenia, Longford, 
i. Jac. I. 

n Cluain-Muirsge. Not identified. 

Cuil, in Argat-Ross. Now Coole, in the pa- 
rish of Bathbeagh, on the Nore, county Kilkenny. 

p Eile Not identified. There are several 
places of the name in Ireland. 

q Bern. Probably Beare, in the county of 
Cork. 

' Loch Lughdach Now Loch Luigheach, or 
Corrane lough, in the barony of Iveragh, and 
county of Kerry. 



42 dNNCita Rioshachca eiReanR [3657 

bach, Da car oil) i nQpjao Rop, cpi cacha pop piopa bolg, cac Cuile pobaip 
pop Gpna. 

Op la Uijfpnmup tieop po bfpbab op ap cup i nGpmn, i poicpib Qipchip 
Lippe. Uchaoan cfpo opfpoib Cualann pooup bfpb Qp laip po curhoaijic 
cuipn -] bpfcnappa t>op -| Oap^ac in nGpmn ap cup. dp laip cugab puamnab 
pop eooishib, copcaip, jopm, i uaine. Qp na pfimiup cobpuchcab cfopa 
noub aibnfoli Gpeann, pubna, Uopann,-] Callann, a nanmanna. Qbpoipcfno 
na bliabna poacbailpiorh-, 50 cfopaib cfrpamnaib pfp nGpeann ime, i mopbail 
TTlaije Slechc, ipm mbpfipne, 05 abpab DoCpom Cpoach, aipoiobal abapcha 
Gpfnn eipibe, oioche hSariina Do hponpab innpin. C(p Do na pleaccanaib DO 
ponpac pip Gpionn im Uijfpnniap hipuibe po haimnmjeab an majh. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pe cfo caojacc a peachc. Qn cCo bliabain 
oGpino ^an pij lap cCijfpnmap innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pe cfo pfpccac a cpi. Qn peachcmab bliabain 
inopin. 6aoi 6pe jan pfj ppi pe na pfchc mbliaban pin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pe cfo peapccac a cfraip. Qn ceao bliabain 
oGochaib Guojabach na pij 6p Gpinn inopin. Qp aipe acbfpap Gochaib 
Guojabach ppip ap ap laipcuccab ilbpfchcpab jaca oaca i neoijib ap cup 

s Cuil-Fobhair This was the name of a place make gold and silver pinns to put in men's and 

iu the district of Muintir-Fathaigh, otherwise women's garments about their necks; and also 

called Dealbhna-Cuile-Fabhair, on the east side he was the first that ever found" [i. e. invented] 

of Lough Corrib, in the county of Galway. " the dyeing of" [parti-] " coloured clothes in 

' Foithre-Airthir-Liffe. Keating calls the Ireland." Keating says that Tighearnmas was 

place Fotharta-Oirer Life, but the true reading the first Irish king who established the custom 

is Fotharta-Airthir-Life, i. e. the Territory of of distinguishing the rank of his subjects by 

Fotharta, to the east of the River Life. For different colours in their dress, as one colour 

the situation of the seven Fothartas, see Ogygia, in the garment of a slave, two colours in the 

part iii. c. 64, and Duald Mac Firbis's genealogi- garment of a peasant, three in that of a soldier, 

cal work (Marquis of Drogheda's copy, p. 139). four in that of a brughaidh or public victual- 

u Feara- Cualann. See A. M. 3501. ler, five in that of the chieftain of a territory, 

* Goblets and brooches. In Mageoghegan's and six in that of the ollav (chief professor) 

translation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, the and in those of kings and Queens. Nearly the 

following notices are given under the reign of same account is given in the Book of Leean, fol. 

Tighernmas: " He was the first who caused 290, a, a; and in H. 2. 18, Trin. Coll. Dub.; 

standing cuppes to be made, the refining of which latter manuscript adds that all these 

gould and silver, and procured his Goldsmith colours were then used in the bishop's dress, 

(named Ugden), that dwelt near the Liffie, to The Four Masters ascribe the establishment of 



3657-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 43 

Argat-Ross ; three battles against the Firbolgs ; the battle of Cuil-Fobhair ! , 
against the Ernai. 

It was by Tighearnmas also that gold was first smelted in Ireland, in 
Foithre-Airthir-Lifie'. [It was] Uchadan, an artificer of the Feara-Cualann", 
that smelted it. It was by him that goblets and brooches" were first covered 
with gold and silver in Ireland. It was by him that clothes were dyed 
purple, blue, and green. It was in his reign the three black rivers of Ireland 
burst forth, Fubhna x , Torann y , and Callann 2 , their names. At the end of this 
year he died, with the three-fourths of the men of Ireland about him, at the 
meeting of Magh-Slecht", in Breifne, at the worshipping of Crom Cruach, which 
was the chief idol of adoration in Ireland. This happened on the night of 
Samhain b precisely. It was from the genuflections which the men of Ireland 
made about Tighearnmas here that the plain was named. 

The Age of the World, 3657. This was the first year of Ireland without 
a king, after [the death of] Tighearnmas. 

The Age of the World, 3663. This was the seventh year. Ireland was 
without a king during the period of these seven years. 

The Age of the World, 3664. This was the first year of Eochaidh Ead- 
ghadhach, as king over Ireland. He was called Eochaidh Eadghadhach because 
it was by him the variety of colour was first put on clothes in Ireland, to dis- 

these colours to Eochaidh Eadghadhach. stood near a river called Gathard, and St. Pa- 

1 Fubhna, now most probably the Una 1 River, trick erected a church called Domhnachmor, 

in Tyrone See A. D. 1516. in the immediate vicinity of the place. See 

7 Torann. Unknown. There is a Touro River Vita Tripart., lib. ii. c. 31. According to the 

near Youghal. Dinnsenchus, this was the principal idol of all 

1 Callann Now the River Gallon, in the the colonies that settled in Ireland from the 

county of Armagh. earliest period to the time of St. Patrick, and 

* Magh-Sleacht. This is translated campus they were wont to offer to it the firstlings of 

excidii by Dr. O'Conor, but more correctly, animals, and other offerings See Rerun Hiber- 

campus adorationis, by Colgan. Trias Thaum., nicarum Scriptores, Prolegomena, part i. p. 22. 

p. 133. This was the name of a plain in the b Night of Samhain The eve of All- Hallows 

barony of Tullyhaw and county of Cavan. The is so called by the Irish at the present day. It 

village of Baile Meg-Shamhradhain, now Bally- is compounded of fam, summer, and pum, 

magauran, and the island of Port, are men- end. 

tioned as situated in this plain. See note on c Genuflections. Dr. O'Conor translates this 

Baile-Mheg-Shamhradhain, under A. D. 1431. " propter excidium quod passi sunt viri Hiber- 

Crom Cruach, the chief idol of the Pagan Irish, nise ;" but this is evidently erroneous. 

G2 



44 CINNCKXI Rio^hachca emeawN. [3667. 

i nGpinn, DeiDipOeliujab onopa gac aoin ap a foach, oca fpeal 50 huapal. 
Op amlaib Din po Debg fccoppa, aenDac i nfooijib mogab, aoo i nfooijib 
amopp, a cpi i neooijhib oajlaoch ~\ oiscijfpnab, a cearaip i nfooijib bpujab, 
a cuig i nfooijib cijeapnab cuach, a pe i neooijib ollarhan, a pfchc i neDoijib 

pioj 1 pfojhan. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pe cfo pfpccac a peachc. Qn cfcpamab bliabam 
DGochaib. hi bpoipcfno an cfcpamab bliabain Dia pije DO pocaip la Cfpmna 
mac Gbpic i ccach Uearhpa. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pe cfo peapccac a hochc. Ctn cfo bliabain Do 
Sobaipce i DO Cfpmna pionD, Da mac Gbpic, mic 6mip, mic Ip, mic TTlileab, 
op Gpinn, i po pannpac.eacoppa i ap Do, Sobaipce ruaich i nOun Sobaipce, 
-j Cfpmna reap i nOun Cfpmna. Oa ceopi'j Gpeann Do Sliocc Ip laopiDe. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile peachc ccfo a peachc. Ctp mbfin cfcpachac 
blia&ain DO na piojhaib pi a ccomplaiciup op Gpinn, Do cheap Sobaipce la 
liGochaib TTleanD opomoipib, -\ Do pochaip Cfpmna la hGochaib bpaobap- 
glap mac Conmaoil. , 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile peachc cceD a hochc. Qn ceo bliabam oGochaib 
paobapglap, mac Conmail, mic Gmip, op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile peachc cceo piche a peace, lap mbfic imoppo 
DGochaiD piche bliabam i pije Gpeann copchaip la piacha Cabpainne i 
ccach Capmain i noiojoil a achap. QciaD anopo na caca po cuipiD ~\ na 
maije po pleaccaio la hGochaiD ppaobapglap. Cach Luacpa OeabaD, 
each popaiD Da gopc, each Comaip cpi nuipcce, each Uuama Opeacon i 
nUib bpium bpeippne, each Opoma Liacan. Qciacc na maije, TTlajh Smf- 

d Dun-Sobhairce. Now Dunseverick, near the Kingsborough's Sale Catalogue, where the fol- 

Giants' Causeway, in the north of the county of lowing notice of this place occurs : 
Antrim See A. M. 3501. "Places of note in this barony" [i. e. Gourde's] 

' Dun-Cearmna: i. e. Cearmna's Dun, or Fort, "are, 1. Kingrone; 2. Castle-ni-park and Rin- 

Keating (Holiday's edition, p. 125) says that corran, &c.; 3. The Old Head of Kinsale, a 

this was called Dun-Mhic-Padruig, in his own noted promontory anciently called Dun-Cermna, 

time. It was the name of an old fort situated or Down-Cermna, from Cearmna, King of half 

on the Old Head of Kinsale, a famous promon- Ireland, who, upon the division of the kingdome 

tory in the south of the county of Cork See between him and Sovarcy, came hither and 

O'Brien's Irish Dictionary, in voce Dun-Cearmna ; built his royal seat, and called it after his own 

and Carbria Notitia, a manuscript, written in name. Of later years it was called Down m c 

1686, which formed No. 591 of the late Lord Patrick." 



3667-3 ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 45 

tinguish the honour of each by his raiment, from the lowest to the highest. Thus 
was the distinction made between them : one colour in the clothes of slaves ; 
two in the clothes of soldiers ; three in the clothes of goodly heroes, or young 
lords of territories ; six in the clothes of ollavs ; seven in the clothes of kings 
and queens. 

The Age of the World, 3667. The fourth year of Eochaidh. At the end 
of the fourth year of his reign, he fell by Cearmna, son of Ebric, in the battle 
of Teamhair [Tara]. 

The Age of the World, 3668. The first year of [the joint reign of] So- 
bhairce and Cearmna Finn, the two sons of Ebric, son of Emher, son of Ir, son 
of Milidh, over Ireland ; and they divided it between them into two parts : 
Sobhairce [resided] in the north, atDun-Sobhairce d ; and Cearmna in the south, 
at Dun-Cearmna e . These were the first kings of Ireland of the race of Ir. 

The Age of the World, 3707. After these kings had been forty years in 
the joint sovereignty of Ireland, Sobhairce was slain by Eochaidh Meann, of 
the Fomorians ; and Cearmna fell by Eochaidh Faebharghlas, son of Conmael. 

The Age of the World, 3708. The first year of Eochaidh Faebhar-ghlas, 
son of Conmael, son of Emhear, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3727. After Eochaidh had been twenty years in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by FiachaLabhrainne, in the battle of Carman 
[Wexford],in revenge of his father. These were the battles that were fought, and 
the plains that were cleared, by Eochaidh Faebharghlas : the battle of Luachair- 
Deadhadl/ ; the battle of Fosadh-da-ghort g ; the battle of Comar-tri-nUisge 11 ; the 
battle of Tuaim-Drecon', in Ui-Briuin-Breifne ; the battle of Druim-Liathain". 
These are the plains : Magh-Smeathrach 1 , in Ui-Failghe ; Magh-n-Aidhne m , 



' Luachair-Deadhadh Now Sliabh-Luachra, on the borders of the counties of Cavan and 

anglice Slieve Loughra, near Castleisland, in the Fermanagh, 

county of Kerry. k Druim-Liaihain This is probably intended 

1 Fosadh-da-ghort The Habitation of the for Druim-leathan, now Drumlahan, or Drum- 
two Fields. Not identified. lane, in the county of Cavan. 

Comar-tri-nUisge: i. e. the Meeting of the ' Magh-Smeathrach Not identified. 

Three Waters, i. e. of the rivers Suir, Nore, and m Magh-n-Aidhne A level district . in the 

Barrow, near Waterford. present county of Galway, all comprised in the 

1 Tuaim-Drecon: i. e. the mount or tumulus diocese of Kilmacduagh. Keating reads Magh- 

of Brecon, now Toomregan, near Ballyconnell, Laighne. 



46 aNNdta Rioshachca eiReaNR [3728. 

epoch la hUib ppailje, a 5 "Cbone, TTlaj Luipg i Connachraib, TTla 5 h 
Leamna, TTla 5 h nlmp, Tlla 5 h pubna, -] TTla 5 h Da 5 abop la hdipjmllaib. 

Uoip Domain, cpi mile pfchc ccfo piche a hochc. Qn ceo bliaDam DO 
pije piachac tabpainne op Gpmn inopin. 

doip Domain, cpi mile peachc cceo caoccac a haon. Qn cfrparhab 
bliaoam picic po poipcfno pije piachac Labpainne, -] Do cfp la hGochaib 
mumo Don TTlumom i ccac bealgaDain. dp lap an bpiacha tabpainne pi 
po bpipeaD na cara po. Cach ^aclaije i ccopcaip TTlopebip mac 6ac- 
Dach paobapjlaip, each paippje pop cloinn Grhip, each Slebe pfimin, each 
ppf hGpnoib opfpoib bolj an bail i puil Loch Gpne. lap meabpain an caca 
poppa ap ann po meab'aiD an loch caippib, conao uaca ainmnijcep an loch 
.1. loch cap Gpnaib. dp a pfimiupan piachacfona cobpuchcab na cceopa 
naibneaD, pleapc, ITlano, -| Labpano, Dia po 111 an popainm paippium. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile pfcc cceo caosac a Do. Qn ceo bliaDam DO pfje 
Gachoac TTlumo, mac TTlopebip, op Gpinn inDpin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile peachc cceD peachcmojac a DO. bliaDam ap 
pichic DGochaiD i pije nGpeann, co ccopcaip la hGonjup Olmucaba i ccac 
Cliach. 

n Magh-Luirg. Now the plains of Boyle, in in Tyrone flows. 

the county of Koscommon. ' Magh-da-ghabhar : i. e. the Plain of the Two 

"Magh-Leamhna. This plain was well known, Goats. Keating calls it Magh-da-ghabhal, i- e. 

and otherwise called Closach, in the time of " the Plain of the Two Forks," which is pro- 

Colgan, who describes it as " Eegio campestris bably the correct form. See Magh-da-ghabhal 

Tironiae Diocesis Clocharensis vulgo Mag-Lemna under the year 1011. 

aliis Clossach dicta." It is shewn on an old s Bealgadan. Now Bulgadan, a townland in 

Map of Ulster, preserved in the State Papers' the parish of Kilbreedy Major, near Kilmallock, 

Office, London, as " the Countrie of Cormac in the county of Limerick. 

Mac Barone" [O'Neill]. The fort of Augher ' Gathlach. Now probably Gayly, in the ba- 

and the village of Ballygawley are represented rony of Iraghticonor, county of Kerry. 

as in this district, the town of Clogher being u Fairrge Not identified. 

on its western, and the church of Errigal-Kee- w Sliabh Feimhin: i. e. the mountain of Feim- 

roge on its northern boundary, and the River hin, a territory comprised in the barony of Iffa 

Blackwater flowing through it. and Offa East, in the county of Tipperary. This 

' Magh-n-Inir. Called by Keating Magh- mountain is now locally called SliaB na m-ban 

Nionair. Now unknown. pionn, i. e. the Mountain of the Fair Women, 

' Magh-Fubhna: i. e. the plain of the River which is evidently a corruption of SUab na m- 

Fubhna. This was probably the ancient name ban Peirheann, i. e. the Mountain of the Women 

of the district through which the River Oona of Feimhin See Leabharnag-Ceart, p. 18. Ac- 



3728.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 4? 

Magh-Luirg", in Connaught ; Magh-Leamhna , Magh-n-Inir p , Magh-Fubhna q , 
and Magh-da-ghabhar r , in Oirghialla. 

The Age of the World, 3728. This was the first year of the reign of 
Fiacha Labhrainne over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3751. This was the twenty-fourth year, the ter- 
mination of the reign of Fiacha Labhrainne ; and he fell by Eochaidh Mumho, 
of Munster, in the battle of Bealgadan'. It was by this Fiacha Labhrainne the 
following battles were gained : the battle of Gathlach', in which fell Mofebis, 
son of Eochaidh Faebharghlas; the battle of Fairrge", against the race of Emhear; 
the battle of Sliabh Feimhin"; a battle against the Ernai, [a sept] of the Firbolgs, 
[on the plain] where Loch Erne" [now] is. After the battle was gained from 
them, the lake flowed over them, so that it was from them the lake is named, 
that is, " a lake over the Ernai." It was in the reign of the same Fiacha that 
the springing of these three rivers first took place, [namely], the Fleasc 1 , the 
Mand z , and the Labhrann", from which [last] the surname [Labhrainne] clung 
to him. 

The Age of the World, 3752. This was the first year of the feign of 
Eochaidh Mumho, son of Mofebis, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3772. Twenty-one years was Eochaidh in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell by Aengus Olmucadha, son of Fiacha Labh- 
rainne, in the battle of Cliach b . 

cording to a local legend, the women of this * The Labhrann. The genitive form is 6a- 

mountain were enchanted beauties, who were bpainne or 6aBpmnne. Keating, in his History 

contemporary with Finn Mac Cumhaill, the of Ireland, calls this InBeap tuBpuinne, which 

chief of the Irish militia in the third century. 'Haliday (p. 325) anglicises "theLarne;" but 

1 Loch-Erne: i. e. Lough Erne, in the county this is incorrect, because the Lame (in the 

Fermanagh. The same account of the eruption county of Antrim) is called, in Irish, Latharna. 

of this lake is given in the Leabhar-Gabhala, and We have no direct evidence to prove the situa- 

by Duald Mac Firbis (Marquis of Drogheda's tion or modern name of the Labhrann. The 

copy, p. 9.) Eiver Lee, in the county of Cork, was originally 

* The Fleasc. Now the Flesk, a river flowing called Sabhrann. But the Eiver Labhrann was 

through the barony of Magunihy, in the south- evidently in the same region with the Flesk and 

east of the county of Kerry. the Mang, and it may not be rash to conjecture 

' The Mand, recte Mang Now the Maine, a that it was the old name of the Casan-Ciarraighe, 
river flowing through the barony of Troughan- or Cashen River, in the county of Kerry, 
acmy, in the west of the same county. Keating " Cliach.A territory lying around Knock- 
calls it InBeap mum 5 e. any, in the county of Limerick. 



48 



emeciNN. 



[3773. 



Qoip Domain, cpi mile r fchc cceD j-fccmojac a cpi. Qn ceo bliabam 
DO pije Qonjupa Olmucaba, mac PIOCO Latipamne, op Gpinn inpinn. 

Chip Domain, cpi mile peachc ceo nocac. lap mbfic Ddengup Olmu- 
caba ochc mbliabna Decc inn aipopije Gpeann Do cfp i ccach Capman la 
hGnna nQipgreach. Qpe Qengup po bpip na caca po, each Clepe, each 
Cuipce, cat Slebe Cuil^e pop TTlhaipcme i ccpich Copca baipccinn, each 
Ruip Ppaocam i TTluipipcc i copchaip ppaochan pdib, each Caipn TCicfba, 
each Guile T?aca i nOeapmurham, each SleBe Cua pop Gpna, each dipoa- 
chaib i copcaip Smiopjoll mac Smeachpa, pi pomoipe, caoja cac pop Cpuic- 
fncuaici pop piopa bolg, Da each Dec pop LonjbapDaib, -| cficpe caca pop 
Colaipc. Qciac na locha po comaibmpeac ina pe, Coch aonbfichi la hUib 
Cperhcuinn, Loch Saileac, Loch na ngapan i TTlaij Luipg la Connachcaib, -| 
TTlupbpuchc eioip Gaba i l?op Cecce. Qp la hQonjup Ona po pleachcaD 
na maije yo, TTlaj 5^ lnne t) ecori ^ a Cenel Conaill, TTlash TTlucpuime la 



c Aengus Olmucadha: i. e. Aengus of the large 
Swine See Ogygia, part iii. c. 27. In Mageo- 
ghegan's translation of the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise, the name of this king is anglicised " Enos 
Olmoye," and in Irish, in the margin, Qohjup 
OUmujaio, i.e. Aengus the great Destroyer. 

d Carmann Now Wexford. See A. M. 3727. 

e Clere. See A. M. 3579. 

f Cuirce Not identified. See it again men- 
tioned under A. M. 4981. 

s Sliabh- Cailge There is no mountain in the 
territory of Corca-Bhaiscinn now bearing this 
name. It appears from the Life of St. Senanus, 
the territory of Corca-Bhaiscinn originally com- 
prised the barony of Ibrickan, as well as those 
of Moyarta and Clonderalaw, and it may, there- 
fore, be well conjectured that Sliabh Cailge was 
the ancient name of Sliabh-Callain, in the ba- 
rony of Ibrickan. The only other elevation that 
could with propriety be called a mountain is 
Moveen, in the barony of Moyarta. 

h Eos-Fraechan Rosreaghan, in the barony 
of Murresk, and county of Mayo. 

' Carn-Riceadha Not identified. 



1 Cuil-Ratha: i. e. Corner, or Angle of the 
Fort 

I Sliabh Cua. Now SliabhGua, anglice Slieve 
Gua, in the parish of Sheskinan, barony of 
Decies-without-Drum, and county of Waterford. 
The more elevated part of this mountain is now 
called Cnoc Maeldomhnaigh ; but the whole 
range was originally called Sliabh Cua. 

m Ard-Achadh There are many places of 
this name in Ireland, now anglicised Ardagh, 
but that here referred to is probably Ardagh, 
in the county of Longford. 

II Cruithean-Tuath : i. e. the nation or country 
of the Picts. 

Longobardai : i. e. the Longobardi, or Lom- 
bards. This name was scarcely known to the 
Irish at the period we are treating of. They 
are mentioned by Tacitus and by Suetonius in 
the first century, and by Prosper in the fourth, 
and from these, no doubt, the Irish writers first 
became acquainted with the name. It would 
appear from the lives of St. Patrick, that one of 
his nephews was of this tribe. 

p Colaisti. Not identified. These foreign 



3773.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



49 



The Age of the World, 3773. This was the first year of the reign of 
Aengus Olmucadha c over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3790. After Aengus Olmucadha had been eigh- 
teen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell in the battle of Carmann d , by 
Enna Airgtheach. It was Aengus that gained the following battles. The 
battle of Clere 6 ; the battle of Cuirce f ; the battle of Sliabh-Cailge g , against the 
Martini, in the territory of Corca-Bhaiscinn ; the battle of Ros-Fraechan", in 
Muirisc, in which fell Fraechan, the prophet ; the battle of Carn-Rieeadha' ; the 
battle of Cuil-ratha k , in South Munster ; the battle of Sliabh Cua 1 , against the 
Ernai ; the battle of Ard-achadh m , in which fell Smiorgall, son of Smeathra, 
king of the Fomorians ; fifty battles against the Cruifchean-Tuath" and the Fir- 
bolo-s ; twelve battles against the Longbardai ; and four battles against the 
Colaisti p . These are the lakes which burst forth in his time : Loch Aenbheithe 11 , 
in Ui-Cremhthainn ; Loch Saileach r ; Loch-na-ngasan s , in Magh-Luirg, in Con- 
naught ; and the eruption of the sea between Eabha' and Ros-Cette 11 . It was 
by Aengus also that these plains were cleared : Magh-Glinne-Decon w ,'in Cinel- 



tribes are not mentioned by name in Mageoghe- 
gan's translation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 
in which it is merely stated that " strangers 
made many invasions in his time, but he cou- 
ragiously withstood and drove them out to the 
cost of their bloods and lives, by giving them 
many bloody overthrows, and covering divers 
fields with heaps of their dead bodies." 

q Loch-Aenbheithe: i. e. the Lake of the one 
Birch Tree. The territory of Ui-Creamhthainn 
was known in the time of Colgan, who describes 
it as a regiuncula included in the barony of Slane, 

in Meath See Trias Thaum., p. 184, and O'Fla- 

herty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 76. The most con- 
siderable lake now in this territory is Bellahoe 
Lough, on the confines of the counties of Meath 
and Monaghan, and about four miles and a quar- 
ter to the south of the town of Carrickmacross ; 
and this is probably the Loch Aenbheithe re- 
ferred to in the text. 

' Loch Saileach: Lake of the Sallows. Called 



by Keating Loch Sailcheadain, i. e. laws saliceti. 
Not identified. 

s Loch-na-nGasan: i. e. Lake of the Sprigs or 
Sprays. The Editor made strict inquiry in the 
territory of Moylurg, or barony of Boyle, in the 
county of Roscommon, for the name of this lake, 
but found that it is obsolete. Nothing has been 
yet discovered to identify it. 

^Eabha. This is otherwise called Magh Eabha, 
and now always Machaire- Eabha, anglice Maghe- 
row. See Magh-nEabha, under A. M. 2859- 

u Ros-Cette. This was the ancient? name of a 
point of land now called " the Rosses," lying 
between the river of Sligo and that of Drum- 
cliff, in the barony of Carbury, and county of 
Sligo. It is separated from Machaire-Eabha by 
the creek and river of Drumcliffe. 

" Magh-Glinne-Decon Called Magh-Glinne- 
Dearcon by Keating, i. e. the plain of the valley 
of acorns ; but there is no place now bearing 
either name in Tirconnell. 



H 



50 QHNata Rio^hachca emeaNN. [3791- 

Connacca, TTlaj Cuile caol la Cenel mfcojaine, TTlaj nOfnpciac la taijne, 
Qolma 5 h la Calpaijib, TTlaj Qpcaill la Ciappaige Luachpa,-) TTlagh Luacpa 
Oeaohaib. 

Qoip Domain, cpi rhfle pfchc cceo nocac a haon. Qn ceo bliabam oGnna 
Qipjcech na pi op Gpinn mpin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochr cceo a pfcc oecc. lap ccaichfm pfcc 
mblia&on ppicfc oGnna Qipgrfc i pije Gpeann DO cfp la Roiceachcaij, mac 
TTiaoin, mic Qonjupa OlmucaDa, i each Raijne. CXp lap an Gnna Qipgcfc 
po DO ponra pcech aiji^ic i nQipgfc Rop,5o ccapao Dpfpoib Gpeann amaille 
pe heachaib i caippchib. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochr cceo a hochc Decc. Qn ceo bliabam DO 
Roicfceaij mac TTiaoin op Gpinn inopin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceo cfcpacac a Do. 1 ppoipcfno cuicc 
mbliaban ppicfc Do Roiceaccaij i pije Gpeann cojichaip. la SeDna mac 
Qipcpi i cCpuacham. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceo ceacpacac a cpi. Qn ceD bliaDain DO 
pfje Sheona, mic Qipcpi, mic Gbpic, mic Gmip, mic Ip. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mfle ochc cceo cfrpacac apeachc. lap mbfic cuicc 
bliabna DO Seona ipin pije, copchaip la piaca pionpcochac -\ la ITluineamon, 
mac Caip Clochaij, i cCpuacham. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceo ceacpacac a hocc. Qn ceo bliaDain 
DO pfje piachac pionpcochaij op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceo peapccac a pfcc. lap mbeic opiachaiD 
pionpcochac piche bliabain i pije Gpionn Do cfp la TTluineamon mac Caip. 

1 Magh-Mucruimhe : i. e. the Plain of the Eec- * Aelmhagh: i. e. the Plain of the Lime. We 

koning of the Swine. This name is now obsolete, are not told in which of the many districts in 

It was anAently applied to a plain in the county Ireland called Calraighe, this plain was situated, 

of Galway, lying immediately to the west of the According to O'Clery's Irish Calendar, there was 

town of Athenry. See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, in this plain a church called Domhnach-mor, in 

part ni. c. 67- which seven bishops were interred. 

" Magh-Cuile-Cad: i. e. the Narrow Plain of " Magh-Arcaill, in Ciarraiffhe-Luachra This 

the Corner or Angle. This was the name of a name is not now applied to any plain in Kerry, 

narrow plain in the barony of Banagh, in the Magh-Luachra-Deadhaidh.This was a level 

west of the county of Donegal. tract of Sliabh Luachra, near Castleisland, in the 

Magh-n-Oensciath, in Leinster. Not identi- county of Kerry. 

fied< " Enna Airgtheach: i. e. Enna the Plunderer. 



3791-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 51 

Conaill ; Magh-Mucruimhe x , in Connaught ; Magh-Cuile-Cael, in Cinel-Bogh- 
aine r ; Magh-n-Oensciath, in Leinster z ; Aelmhagh a , in Calraighe ; Mag- Arcaill, 
in Ciarraighe-Luachra"; and Magh-Luachra-Deadhaidh c . 

The Age of the World, 3791. This was the first year of Enna Airg- 
theach'', as king over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3817. After Enna Airgtheach had spent twenty- 
seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell by Raitheachtaigh, son of Maen, 
son of Aengiis Olmucadha, in the battle of Raighne e . It was by this Enna 
Airgtheach that silver shields' were made at Airget-Ros s ; so that he gave them 
to the men of Ireland, together with horses and chariots. 

The Age of the World, 3818. This was the first year of Roitheachtaigh, 
son of Maen, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3842. After Roitheachtaigh had been twenty-five 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell by Sedna, son of Airtri, at Cruachain". 

The Age of the World, 3843. The first year of the reign of Sedna, son of 
Airtri, son of Eibhric, son of Emher, son of Ir. 

The Age of the World, 3847. After Sedna had been five years in the 
sovereignty, he fell by FiachaFinscothach and Muineamhon, son of Cas Clothach, 
at Cruachain. 

The Age of the World, 3848. The first year of the reign of Fiacha Fins- 
cothach over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3867. After Fiacha Finscothach had been twenty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell by Muineamhon, son of Cas. Every 

Dr. O'Conor renders it " Enna Argenteus." targets to be made in this land, and bestowed 

' Raighne. This place, from which the King abundance of them on his friends and nobility 

of Ossory was sometimes called Ri Raijne, was in general." 

also called Magh-Eaighne, which was a plain in Airget-Ross: i. e. the Silver Wood. This is 

the ancient Ossory, in which plain was situated said to have derived its name from the silver 

the church of Cill-Finche, near the ford of Ath- shields there made by Enna Airgtheach. It is 

Duirnbuidhe, at the foot of a great hill called situated on the River Nore, in the parish of Rath- 

Dornbuidhe. See the Feilire Aenguis, at 5th beagh, barony of Galmoy, and county of Kil- 

February, 17th September, and 5th November, kenny. See the Ordnance Map of that county, 

f Silver shields. In Mageoghegan's translation sheets 9 and 10. See it already referred to at 

of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, it is stated that A. M. 3501, 3516, and 3656. 
Enna Airgtheach was of the sept of Heber, and h Cruachain Now Rathcroghan, near Bela- 

that he " was the first king that caused silver nagare, in the county of Roscommon. 

H2 



52 ctNNCtta Rio^hachca eineaNN. [3868. 

6a pcoichpfmpach 506 magh i nGpmn i naimpip phiachac. Oosebcf bf6p a 
Ian pfona ip na pgochaib ipn, 50 bpaipccfp i Ifpcpaib glainiDibh an pion. 
ConaD aipe pin po Ifn an popamm piacha pionpcochac Do jaipm De. 

Qoip Domain, cjn mile ochc cceo pfpcac a hocc. On ceo bliabain DO pije 
TTluineamoin, mic Caip Ctochaij, op 6pinn innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceo pfchcmojac a Do. 1 ppoipcTnn an 
coicceaD blia6an Do TTluineamon, acbach no ram i IT) 015 Qione. Qp lap 
an rnmnfrhon po cuccaO muincfoa oip pa bpaijhoib Riogh -] Ruipfc an cop 
i nGpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceD pfccmojac acpf. Qn cfo bliabain DO 



Qoip Domain, cpi mfle ochc cceD occmojac a Do. lap mbeic oech 
mbliaona opailofpDoio ipm pije DO pochaip la hOllam ppocla.mac piachac 
pfonpcochaij, i ccach Ufrhpa. Qp lap an pigh pailoeapjDoiD po cuipfo 
pailge oip im larhoib aipfc i nGpinn ap cup. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile ochc cceo ochcmojac a cpf. Qn ceo b'liabam 
Do pije Ollarhan pocla, mac piachac pionpcochaig. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mile naoi cceao piche a Do. lap mbeic oa pichec 
bliabam i pije Gpeann oOllam porla, acbail ma mup bubfn i Ufmpoij. 
Qp e ceona pi lap a nofpnab peip Ueampach, ~\ ap laip Do cogbab TTlup 
nOllaman i cUfmpaij. Qp e Din po opoaij caoipioch ap gach cpiocha;c 

' Fin-scothach: i.e. of the Wine-flowers. Keat- [were] " then in great Use." 

ing gives this cognomen the same interpretation, m Faildeargdoid. He is called Alldeargoid by 

but in Connell Mageoghegan's translation of the Keating, and Aldergoid in the Annals of Clon- 

Annals of Clonmacnoise it is stated that this macnoise. This name is derived from pail, a 

King " was surnamed Ftinnsgohagh of the abun- ring, oe.apj, red, and DOIO, the hand. " In his 

bance of white flowers that were in his time," time gold rings were much used on men and 

which seems more probable, as wine was then women's fingers in this Realm." Annals of 

unknown in Ireland. Clonmacnoise. 

k Magh-Aidhne See A.M. 3727, supra. " His own mur at Teamhair : i. e. Mur-Ol- 

Chains of gold. Keating has the same, and lamhan, i. e. Ollamh Fodhla's house at Tara. 

in Mageoghegan's Annals of Clonmacnoise it In Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of 

is expressed as follows: " Mownemon was the Clonmacnoise, it is stated "that he builded a 

first king that devised gould to be wrought in fair palace at Taragh only for the learned sort of 

chains fit to be wore about men's necks, and this realm, to dwell in at his own charges." But 

rings to be put on their fingers, which was" this is probably one of Mageoghegan's interpo- 

'' I; 



3868.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



53 



plain in Ireland abounded with flowers and shamrocks in the time of Fiacha. 
These flowers, moreover, were found full of wine, so that the wine was squeezed 
into bright vessels. Wherefore, the cognomen, Fiacha Fin-scothach' 1 , continued 
to be applied to him. 

The Age of the World, 3868 This was the first year of the reign of 
Muinemhon, son of Cas Clothach, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World., 3872. At the end of the fifth year of Muineamhon, 
he died of the plague in Magh-Aidhne". It was Muineamhon that first caused 
chains of gold 1 [to be worn] on the necks of kings and chieftains in Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3873. The first year of Faildeargdoid. 

The Age of the World, 3882. After Faildeargdoid had been ten years in 
the sovereignty, lie fell by Ollamh Fodhla, son of Fiacha Finscothach, in the 
battle of Teamhair. It was by the King Faildeargdoid that gold rings were 
first worn upon the hands of chieftains in Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3883. The first year of the reign of Ollamh 
Fodhla, son of Fiacha Finscothach. 

The Age of the World, 3922. Ollamh Fodhla, after having been forty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died at his own mur [house] at Teamhair 11 . 
He was the first king by whom the Feis-Teamhrach was established ; and it 
was by him Mur-Ollamhan was erected at Teamhair. It was he also that 
appointed a chieftain over every cantred", and a Brughaidh over every town- 



lations. A similar explanation of Mur-Ollamhan 
is given by O'Flaherty in his Ogygia, p. 214 ; 
but Keating, who quotes an ancient poem as 
authority for the triennial feast or meeting at 
Tara, has not a word about the palace built for 
the Ollamhs See Petrie's Antiquities of Tara 
Hill, p. 6. 

Feis-Teamhrach. This term is translated 
" Temorensia Comitia" by Dr. Lynch, in Cam- 
brensis Eversus, pp. 59, 60, 301, and by O'Fla- 
herty, in Ogygia, part iii. c. 29 ; but it is called 
" Cena" [coena] " Teamra," in the Annals of 
Tighernach, at the year 461, and translated 
Feast of Taragh by Mageoghegan, in his version 
of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, in which the 



following notice of it occurs : 

" Ollow Fodla, of the house of Ulster, was 
king of Ireland, and of him Ulster took the 
name. He was the first king of this land that 
ever kept the great Feast at Taragh, which feast 
was kept once a year, whereunto all the king's 
friends and dutiful subjects came yearly; and 
such as came not were taken for the king's ene- 
mies, and to be prosecuted by the law and 
sword, as undutiful to the state." 

p Cantred: cpioca ceo : a. e. a hundred or ba- 
rony containing one hundred and twenty quar- 
ters of land. It is translated "cantaredus or 
centivillaria regio" by Colgan. Trias Thaum., 
p. 19, n.51. 



r )4 QNNaca Rio^hachca eiReaNN. [3923. 

ceo, i bpujaio ap, jach baile,-| a bpojnarii uile DO Rig Gpeann. GochaiD 
ceoainm OUaman pocla, -\ ap aipe aopubpao Ollam [Po&la] ppip ap a 
beic na ollam epjna ceoup, -[ ['na] Rfj [poola .1.] 6peann mpomh. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile naoi cceo piche a cpf. Qn ceo bliaoam Do pije 
pionnacca, mic Ollamon pocla, op Gpmn inopin. 

Qoip Domain, cpf mfle naoi cceo cfrpachac a DO. Qn picfcman bliaoam 
opionnachca op Gpmn innpin. Qcbach lapom DO cam i TTluijinip la hUlcu. 
dp apfimiup an pfoj pionnacca po pfpab pnfcca 50 mblap pfona conDerhfr 
an pep. Qf De po lean an popamm ap pionnacca paippiom. 6lim a ainm 
ap cup. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile naoi cceo cfcpacac a cpf. Qn cfo bliaDain Do 
pije Slanuill, mic Ollaman pocla, op Gpmn. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile naoi cceo caogac a naoi. Qn pfchcmab bliaDain 
Decc Do Slanoll ipn pije, co nepbailc i bpoipcfnD na pee pin i Ueampai j, ~\ 
nf pfp cia galop pop puce ache a pajail mapb, peac nf po pob Oach Do. l?o 
habnaicfo e apa haicle, ) mp mbeic cfcpachac bliabam ipan aDnacal Dm 
chupp po cogbao lapom la a mac .1. la hOilill mac Slanuill, -\ po rhaip a 
copp gan lobab jan leajab an aipfc pin. 6a machcnaD mop -| ba hiongnao 
la piopa Gpionn an nf pin. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile naoi cceo peapcca. Qn ceo bliabain Do pije 
^neDe Ollgochaij op GpmO. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile naoi cceo peaccmojac a haon. Qn oapa bliabam 
I 

" A brttghaidh over every townland. Dr. Lynch pretation ; but it is evidently legendary, because 

renders this passage " singulis agrorum tricen- Finnachta, or Finnshneachta, was very common 

ariis Dynastam, singulis Burgis praefectum con- as the name of a man among the ancient Irish, 

stituit." A brughaidh, among the ancient denoting Niveus, or snow-white. The name is 

Irish, meant a farmer; and his baile or townland still preserved in the surname O'Finneachta, 

comprised four quarters, or four hundred and angKce Finaghty. 

eighty large Irish acres of land. See note u , " ,S?ano//._Keatin g derives this name from 

under the year 1186. r ldn, health, and oil, great, and adds that he 

' Ollamh Fodhla, pronounced OllavFola: i.e. was so called because all his subjects enjoyed 

the Ollamh or chief Poet of Fodhla or Ireland. great health in his time. The Annals of Clon- 

s MagJi-inis in Uladh Now the barony of macnoise contain the same remark : 
Lecale, in the county of Down. See A. M. 3529 " During whose reign the kingdom was free 

and 3656. f rom all manner o f s i c k ne ss." And add: " It is 

1 Finnachta. Keating gives a similar inter- unknown to any of what he died, but died 



3923.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 55 

land q , who were all to serve the King of Ireland. Eochaidh was the first name 
of Ollamh Fodhla r ; and he was called Ollarnh [Fodhla] because he had been 
first a learned Ollamh, and afterwards king of [Fodhla, i. e. of] Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3923. This was the first year of the reign of 
Finnachta, son of Ollamh Fodhla, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3942. This was the twentieth year of the reign 
of Finnachta over Ireland. He afterwards died of the plague in Magh-inis, in 
Uladh*. It was in the reign of Finnachta that snow fell with the taste of wine, 
which blackened the grass. From this the cognomen, Finnachta', adhered to 
him. Elim was his name at first. 

The Age of the World, 3943. The first year of the reign of Slanoll, son 
of Ollamh Fodhla, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3959. The seventeenth year of Slanoll u in the 
sovereignty ; and he died, at the end of that time, at Teamhair [Tara], and it 
is not known what disease carried him off ; he was found dead, but his colour 
did not change. He was afterwards buried ; and after his body had been forty 
years in the grave, it was taken up by his son, i. e. Oilioll mac Slanuill ; and 
the body had remained without rotting or decomposing during this period. 
This thing was a great wonder and surprise to the men of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3960. The first year of the reign of Gedhe Oll- 
ghothach*' over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 3971. The twelfth year of Gedhe Ollghothach in 

quietly on his bed; and after that his body re- the conversation of his subjects in general in 

m&inedjive years buried, and did not rott, con- his time, was as sweet a harmony to one another 

sume, or change collour. He reigned 26 years." as any musick, because they lived together in 

Gedhe Ollghothach Translated " Gedius such -concord, amity, and attonement among 

Grandivocus" by O'Flaherty, Ogygia, part iii. themselves that there was no discord or strife 

c. 31. It is explained as follows in Dr. Lynch's heard to grow between them for any cause 

translation of Keating's History of Ireland: whatsoever." 

' Fratri Geidius cognomento Ollghothach In the Dinnseanchus, as preserved in the Book 

successit, sic ideo nominatus quod eo regnante of Lecan, it is stated that Heremon, the son of 

voces hominum maxime sonorae fuerint, otf enim Milesius, was also called Geidhe Ollghothach, 

perinde ac magnum, et guth ac vox eat." and for a similar reason here ascribed for its 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise is the follow- application to the present monarch ; but these 

ing passage to the same purport : accounts are clearly legendary, because the cog- 

" Observers of antiquity affirm of him that nomen OUyhothach was evidently applied to these 



56 ciNHata Rjo^hachua eiReaww. [3972. 



oecc DO ^heDe OUgochac i pishe Gpeann, ) Do cfp i bpopcfnD na pee fin la 
pmcha mac pionnachca. 

Qoip Domain, cpi mile naoi cceo pfccmojar a DO. Qn cf6 bliabam 
opiacha pionnailcfp, mac pfonnachca, i pijhe Gpeann. Mach a^h po ^fnaip 
ina peirhfp po ba cemopiono. 

Qoip Domain, rpi mile naoi cceo nocac a haon. lap mbeir piche bliabain 
t>piachai6 pionnailcfp i pie Gpionn, copchaip i ccarh bpfgha la bfpnjal,' 
mac 5 e oe Ollgocliaij. Qp la piacha pionnailcfp corpoDachr Oiin Chuile 
Sibpinne .1. Cfnanoup. ^ac Du ina mbiooh a apup pom ba CeananDup a 
amm. Ctp lap an pijpi cfrup po rocailre calom i nGpinn Do cum uipcce 
Do beich hi cuppaib. 6a Deacmaic Don connall a ioch Diompulang ina plair. 

Ctoip Domain, rpi mile naoi cceo nocac a Do. Qn ceo blia&am Do bfpn- 
jal, mac ^e6e Ollgorhai j, op 6pmn. 

Qoip Domain, cfcpe mi'le a rpi. lap mbeich Da bliaoain Decc i pije 
n6peann DO bfpnjal mac 5 e 6 e Ollgochaij Do cfp la hOilill mac Slanuill, 
"] la Siopna mac Oen. 

Ctoip Domain, cffpe mile a cfcaip. Qn ceo blia&am Do pijje Oiliolla, 
mic Slanuill, op Gpmo mnpin. 

Qoip Domain, cfrpe mfle anaoi Decc. lap mbeic pe blia&na Decc DOilioll, 
mac Slanuill, hi pije nGpeann, copchaip la Siopna mac Oen. 

Qoip Domain, ceafpe mile pice. Qn ceo Bliabam Do Siopna mac Den, 
mic Oemain, hi pije nGpeann innpin. Qp e an Siopna pa, mac Oen, po pcap 
plaiciup Cearhpa ppi hUllcoib .1. ppi pliocc Ip. Qp 6 Dna po oiojail poppa 
Rocfchcaij mac maoin po mapbpac i cCpuachain, 50 rcopcaip bfpngal mac 
5e6e Ollgochaij, -| Oilioll mac Slanoill leip. 

monarchs themselves from the loudness of their Kells, a town in" East Meath. The former 

own voices, and not from the sweetness or mel- name denotes arx anguli adukerii ; and Ma- 

lifluousness of the voices of their subjects. geoghegan, in his translation of the Annals of 

11 Calf: literally cow : 05 .1. bo Q'Clery. Clonmacnoise, says of it : 

i White-headed. The term ce.nopiono, now " He founded Dun-Cowle Sevrille (or rather 

pronounced ceannann, is still in common use, Dun-Chuile Sibhrinne), now called (for avoiding 

and applied to what is commonly called a white- of bawdiness) Kells." The latter name, Cean- 

faced cow or horse, i. e. having a star or white annus, was first anglicised Kenlis, which is now 

spot on the forehead. translated Headfort, in the name of the seat of 

'Dun-Chuile-Sibrinne: i.e. Ceanannus, now the present proprietor. There is no other place 



3972.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 57 

the sovereignty of Ireland ; and he fell at the end of that time by Fiacha, son 
of Finnachta. 

The Age of the World, 3972. The first year of Fiacha Finnailches, son 
of Finnachta, in the sovereignty of Ireland. Every calf* that was brought 
forth iri his reign was white-headed*. 

The Age of the World, 3991. After Fiacha Finnailches had been twenty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell in the battle of Breagh, by Bearn- 
ghal, son of Gedhe Ollghothach. It was by Fiacha Finnailches that Dun-chuile- 
Sibrinne z , i. e. Ceanannus, was erected. Wherever his habitation was [placed], 
Ceanannus was its name. It was by this king that the earth was first dug in 
Ireland, that water might be in wells. It was difficult for the stalk 3 to sustain 
its corn in his reign. 

The Age of the World, 3992. The first year [of the reign] of Bearnghal, 
son of Gedhe Ollghothach, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4003. Bearnghal, the son of Gedhe Ollghothach, 
after having been twelve years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Oilioll, son 
of Slanoll, and Sirna, son of Dian. 

The Age of the World, 4004. This was the first year of the reign of 
Oilioll, son of Slanoll, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4019. Oilioll, son of Slanoll, after having been 
sixteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Sirna, son of Dian. 

The Age of the World, 4020. This was the first year of the reign of 
Sirna, son of Dian, son of Deman, in the sovereignty of Ireland. It was this 
Sirna, son of Dian, that wrested the government of Teamhair [Tara] from the 
Ulta b , i. e. the race of Ir. It was he, too, that revenged upon them [the death 
of] Roitheachtaigh mac Main, whom they had slain at Cruachain ; so that 
Bearnghal, son of Gedhe Ollghothach, and Oilioll, son of Slanoll, fell by him. 

now bearing this name in Ireland, except Cean- talitas in ejus regimine," in which he mistakes 

annus, or Kells, in the county of Kilkenny. the meaning of every -word except ma plair. 

1 The stalk. This word, connall, is still used b The Ulta: i. e. the people of Ulster, descended 

to denote stalk, and comnleac or connlac, stalks from Ir, son of Milesius. " Oilell was king 15 

or stubbles. Dr. O'Conor, who is more apt to miss years, and then was slain by Siorna Mac Deyn 

the meanings of Irish words that are in common (of the sept of Heremon), who was he that vio- 

use than of ancient words, translates this sentence lently took the government of the sceptre of 

as follows: "Portentosa erat pestilentise mor- this land from the sept of Ulster." Ann. Clon. 



58 awNQta Rio^hachca eiReaNN. [4169- 

Qoip Domain, cecpe mile ceo pfpcac a naoi. lap mbeic ceo 50 Ifich DO 
bliaonaib i pijhe nGpeann Do Siopna Saojlac, mac Oein, Do ceap Id Roceach- 
caij mac Roam i nQillmn. dp e an Siopna po po bpip car Qipceatcpa 
pop Ulcaib, od cac SleBe Qipbpeacli, car Cmn Duin i nQppal, each mona 
poichnifrld hUib Pailje FP Hlaipcme 1 Gpna, each Luacpa, each Claipe, 
each Samna, each Cnuicc Ochoip. 801516 Do pop pomoipib hi ccpich TTliDe. 
dp laip beop po cuipeaD cac TTlona UpojaiDe hi cCiannaccaib an can cug 
Lujaip mac Luijoij .1. Do piol Gmip, poplfon opomoipib i nGpinn ima pigh, 
Ceapapn a ainm. CtccaipgiD Siopna pip Gpeann DO chachugaD ppiii 50 
TTlom Upojaioe. Re mbeic 05 plaiDe an caca Doib Do puipmfb cam popP". 
conapaD tujaip, -| Ceapapn De conamuincip, -\ opong Dipim opfpoib Gpeann 
amailli ppiu. 

Qp a raimpip Siopna ona cobpuchcab Sciopcaije i Laijmb, Ooailce hi 
Cpic Roipp, Niche i TTnaijh TTluipcemne, Leamna i TTlumain -| Slaine la 
hUib Cpemcamn. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceo peachcmojac. Qn ceo bliaDain Do pije 
Roceachcaij, mic Roam, op Gpmn innpin. 

c Aittinn This was the ancient name of a k Samhain Now Cnoc-Samhna, i.e. the hill 

large fort on the hill of Cnoc Qilmne, anglice of Samhain, not far from Bruree, in the parish 

Knockaulin, near Kilcullen, in the county of of Tankardstown, barony of Coshma, and county 

Kildare See Dinnsenchus, in the Book of Bal- of Limerick See Life of St. Fionnchu in the 

lymote, fol. 193. Book of Lismore, fol. 70, b. 

d Airceattair O'Flaherty calls it Aras-Kel- ' Cnoc-Ochair Not identified, 

tair, which was one of the names of the large m Moin-Trogaidhe: i. e. the Bog of Trogaidhe. 

rath at Downpatrick, in the county of Down. This was probably situated in Ciannachta- 

* Sliabh-Airbhreach Not identified. Breagh, in the east of the ancient Meath, 

f Ceann-duin in Assal Assal was the ancient and not in the northern Ciannachta, in the 

name of the district lying round Cnoc-Droma- present county of Londonderry. The great 

Assail, anglice Tory-Hill, near Groom, in the length of this monarch's reign is evidently 

county of Limerick ; but no name like Ceann- legendary, or rather a blunder of transcribers, 

duin is now to be found in that neighbourhood. O'Flaherty, Ogygia, part m. c. 32, refers to the 

Moin-Foichnigh in Ui-Failghe There is no Book of Lecan, fol. 291, to shew that he lived 

bog now bearing this name in the territory of 150 years, for which reason he was called the 

Offaly. Long-lived. The Annals of Clonmacnoise, as 

h Luachair: i. e. Sliabh Luachra, near Castle- translated by Mageoghegan, in which the fol- 

island, in the county of Kerry. lowing notice of him occurs, give him a reign 

1 Claire A lull near Duntrileague, in the of only twenty years : 

county of Limerick See note under A. D. 1600. " Oilell was king 1 5 years, and then was slain 



4169.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



59 



The Age of the World, 4169. Sirna Saeghlach, son of Dian, after having 
been a century and a half in the sovereignty of Ireland fell by Roitheach- 
taigh, son of Roan, at Aillinn . This was the Sirna who gained the battle of 
Aircealtair" over the Ultonians ; the two battles of Sliabh Airbhreach 6 ; the 
battle of Ceann-duin, in Assal f ; the battle of Moin-Foichnigh, in Ui Failghe 8 , 
over the Martini and Ernai ; the battle of Luachair"; the battle of Claire' ; the 
battle of Samhain"; the battle of Cnoc-Ochair 1 . An attack was made by him 
on the Fomorians, in the territory of Meath. It was by him, moreover, was 
fought the battle of Moin-Troghaidhe m , in Ciannachta, when Lughair, son of 
Lughaidh, of the race of Emhear, had brought in a force of Fomorians into 
Ireland, with their king, Ceasarn by name. Sirna drew the men of Ireland 
to make battle against them to Moin-Trogaidhe. As they were fighting the 
battle a plague was sent upon them, of which Lughair and Ceasarn perished, 
with their people, and a countless number of the men of Ireland along with 
them. 

It was in the time of Sirna, also, happened the eruption of the Scirtach", in 
Leinster ; of the Doailt , in Crich Rois ; of the Kith", in Magh-Muirtheimhne ; 
of the Leamhain q , in Munster ; and of the Slaine, in Ui Creamhthainn r . 

The Age of the World, 4170. This was the first year of the reign of Roi- 
theachtaigh, son of Roan, over Ireland. 



by Siorna mac Deyn of the sept of Heremon, 
who was he that violently took the govern- 
ment of the sceptre of this land from the sept 
of Ulster. Siorna, after slaying this King, 
was King himself, in whose time Lowgire mac 
Lowagh brought in Fomoraghs into Ireland. 
King Siorna went to meet them at the Bog of 
Trogye in Kyannaghta, with all the forces of 
the kingdom, where a cruel battel was fought 
between them with such vehemency that almost 
both sides perished therein with overlabouring 
themselves, and especially the Irish nation with 
their King. Also Lowgyre and Kisarne, King 
of the Fomoraghs, were slain. Others write 
that King Siorna was slain by Rohaghty mac 
Eoayn, when he had reigned 21 years. It is also 
reported of him that he lived an outlaw 100 



years together /before he was King, and that" 
[he fought] " only against the Ulstermen." 

n The Scirtach: i. e. the Eiver Skirt. 

The Doailt, in Feara-Rois. A stream in the 
south of Monaghan. 

p Nith. This was the ancient name of the 
river of Ardee, flowing through the plain of 
Conaille Muirtheimhne, in the county of Louth. 
See Combat of Cuchulainn and Ferdia mac 
Domain. 

q The Leamhain. Now the Laune, near Kil- 
larney, in the county of Kerry. See note un- 
der A. D. 1570. 

' The Slaine, in Ui-Creamhthainn This was 
the name of a small stream flowing into the 
Boyne from the north side, near the village of 
Baile-Slaine, now Slane, in Meath. 



i2 



go aNNdta Rioshachca eirceaNN. [4176. 



Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile ceo peachcmoj;ac a pe. lap mbec peachc 
mbliabna hi pighe nGpeann DO Roceachcaig, po loipcc ceni jealam 6 hi 
nDun Sobaipce. Op lap an Roceachcaij po appichc cappaic ceicpe nfch 
ap cup i nGpinn. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceo peachcmo^ac apfchc. Gn bliabam DGlim 
Oillpinpneachca, mac Roceachcaij, hi pfje nGpeann, 50 copchaip i ppoipcfno 
na bliabna pin la 5' a ^ cliai 6. mac Oiliolla Olcaoin. T?o peapab pneachca 
mop 50 mblap pfona ipm mbliabainpi. Ctp aipe po gaipcf Oillpinpneachca 
oepium. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile ceo pfchcmojac a hochc. Qn ceo bliaDam 
DO 5' a ll c ^ aiD ) ^ ac Oiliolla Olcaoin, mic Sfopna, i pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceo ochcmojac a pe. lap mbech naoi 
mbliabna DO ^mllchaiD i pighe nGpeann Do pochaip la hQpc Imleach i ffloij 
TTluaiDe. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceo ochcmojac a pfcc. Qn ceo bliaoain oQpc 
Imleach, mac Glim Oillpinpneachca, i pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceD nochac a hochc. lap mbeic Da bliaoain 
Decc oQpc Imleac i pije nGpeann Do cfp la NuaDac pionnpdil. ' 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceD nocac a naoi. Qn ceiD bliaDam DO pije 
Nua&aiD pmnpdil op Gpinn innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile Da ceo cpiocac a hochc. lap mbeic Da pichfc 
bliabam hi pije nGpeann Do NuaDa pionnpdil Do cfp la 6peap, mac Qipc 
Imlij. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile Da ceo cpiocac a naoi. Qn ceo bliaDam Do 
pije 6peip mic Qipc Imlig op Gpinn innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile Da ceo cfcpacac a peachc. lap mbeic naoi 
mbliabna DO bpeap i pije nGpeann Do pochaip la hGochaiD nQpcach hi 
Capn Conlnam. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile Da ceo cfrpacac a hochc. Gn bliabam 

' Chariots." Roheaghty was the first" [Irish] t EUm Qaifinshneackla: literally, Elim of the 

" king that ever used coaches with four horses great Wine-snow! " He was so called because 

in Ireland. He reigned seven years, and, at it rained snow continually that year." Annals 

last, was burned by wilde fire at Dunsovarkie. of Clonmacnoise. Both derivations are mere 

He was a very good king." Annals of Clon. guesses of late writers. 



4176.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



61 



The Age of the World, 4176. After Roitheachtaigh had been seven years 
in the sovereignty of Ireland, lightning burned him at Dun-Sobhairce [Dunse- 
verick]. It was by this Roitheachtaigh that chariots 5 of four horses were first 
used in Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4177. Elim Oillfinshneachta, son of Roitheach- 
taigh, after having been one year in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell, at the end 
of that year, by Giallchaidh, son of Oilioll Ollchain. Snow, with the taste of 
wine, fell in this year, whence he was called Oillfinshneachta 1 . 

The Age of the World, 4178. The first year of Giallchaidh, son of Olioll 
Olchain, son of Sirna, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4186. Giallchaidh, after having been nine years 
in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Art Imleach, in Magh Muaidhe". 

The Age of the World, 4187. This was the first year of Art Imleach, .son 
of Elim Oillfinshneachta, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4198. Art Imleach, after having been twelve 
years" in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Nuadhat Finnfail. 

The Age of the World, 4199. This was the first year of the reign of 
Nuadhat Finnfail over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4238. Nuadhat Finnfail, after having been forty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Breas*, son of Art Imleach. 

The Age of the World, 4239. This was the first year of the reign of 
Breas, son of Art Imleach, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4247. Breas, after having been nine years in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Eochaidh Apthach, at Carn-Conluain y . 

The Age of the World, 4248. Eochaidh Apthach z was one year in the 



u Magh-Muaidhe This was either the plain 
of the River Moy, in North Connaught, or a 
plain situated at the foot of Cnoc-Muaidhe, or 

Knockmoy, in the county of Gal way See 

A. M. 3529, supra. 

w Twelve years. The Annals of Clonmacnoise 
give him but a reign of six years, and add: " he 
builded seven Dowries or Pallaces for himself, to 
dwell in them to recreate himself." " Septem 
munimenta fossis vallavit." Ogygia, part iii. 
c. 32. 



* Breas. He is called Breasrigh by Keating, 
and Breasry in the Annals of Clonmaciioise, 
which add : " In whose time Fomorie came 
again into Ireland ; but he overthrew them in 
many battles, and did quite expel them out of 
the kingdom." 

1 Carn-ConLuain. Not identified. 

* Eochaidh Apthach " Eochye Ophagh, Cap- 
tain of the former king's guards. He was of Cor- 
kelaye" [Race of Lughaidh, son of Ith] " usurped 
the kingdom and name of king thereof, after the 



62 awHata Rioshactica emeaNN. [4249. 

oGochaiD Qpcach, mac pmn,hi pije nGpeann, -\ oo pochaip i bpoipceann na 
blia&na pin la pionn, mac bpacha. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile Da ceo cfcpocac a naoi. Ctn ceD bliaDam Do 
pije pmn, mic bpacha, op Gpmn innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile Da ceD pfccmojac. lap mbeic Da bliaDain 
ap pichic hi pijhe nGpeann opionn mac bpacha Do cfp la Seona mac bpfip 
a TTlumain. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile Da ceD pfccmojac a liaon. Qn ceiD bliaDam 
DO Seona lonnappaij, mac bpeip, mic Ctipc Imlig, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile Da ceD nochac. lap mbeic piche bliaDam hi 
pije nGpeann Do Se&na lonnappaiD Do pochaip la Siomon mbpfc. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile Da ceD nochac a haon. Qn ceo b'liaoam Do 
Siomon bpeac, mac QoDam ^laip, i pijhe nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile Da ceo nochac a pe. lap mbeic pe bliaDna 
comlana i pije nGpeann Do Siomon bpfc, macQoDam^laip, DO ceap IdOuach 
pionn. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile Da ceD nocac a peace. Qn ceD bliaDam Do 
Duach pionn, mac Sebna lonnappaij, hi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpf ceo ape. lap mbeic ofich mbliaDna hi 
pije nGpeann Do Ouach pionn, mac Se&na lonnappaij, Do pochaip i ccac 
TTlaije la TTiuipeaDac bolgpach. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo a pfcc. T?o caic TTluipfnac bolgpac 
mi pop bliaDam i pijhe nGpeann 50 ccopcaip i ccionn na pee hfpin la hGnoa 
nOfpcc, mac Ouaich. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo a hocc. Qn ceio bliaDam DGnDa Ofpg, 
mac Ouach Pino, hi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain,. ceicpe mile cpf ceD a naoi Decc. lap mbeic Da bliaDam 
Decc DGnna Dfpg, mac Ouach, hi pije nGpeann, acbach DO cam i Sleb TTlipp 
50 pochuiDe moip uime. 

former king's death, and obtained the same one every month." 

year. There was great faintness, generally, over a Sedna Innarraighe Keating says that he 

all the wholekingdom, once every month, during was called icnnappuio, because he was the first 

that year. He was slain by Finn mac Braha." that paid stipends to soldiers; or, as Dr. Lynch 

Keating says that he was called Qp^ac, destruc- and Mageoghegan understand it, to people in 

five, from plagues which visited his subjects general. " Cognomentum Innarradh, quod mer- 



4249.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 63 

sovereignty of Ireland, and he fell, at the end of that year, by Finn, son of 
Bratha. 

The Age of the World, 4249. This was the first year of the reign of Finn, 
son of Bratha, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4270. Finn, son of Bratha, after having been 
twenty-two years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Sedna, son of Breas, in 
Munster. 

The Age of the World, 4271. The first year of the reign of Sedna Innar- 
raigh'', son of Breas, son of Art Imleach, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4290. Sedna Innarraigh, after having been twenty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Simon Breac. 

The Age of the World, 4291. This was the first year of Simon Breac, 
son of Aedhan Glas, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4296. Simon Breac, the son of Aedhan Glas, 
after having been six full years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Duach 
Finn. 

The Age of the World, 4297. This was the first year of Duach Finn, son 
of Sedna Innarraigh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4306. Duach Finn, son of Sedna Innaraigh, after 
having been ten years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell in the battle of Magh b , 
by Muireadhach Bolgrach. 

The Age of the World, 4307. Muireadhach BolgVach spent a month and 
a, year in the sovereignty of Ireland, and he fell, at the end of that time, by Enda 
Dearg, son of Duach. 

The Age ot the World, 4308. This was the first year of Enda Dearg in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4319. Enda Dearg, son of Duach, after having 
been twelve years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died of a plague at Sliabh Mis c , 
with a great number about him. 

cedem significat, idcirco sortitus, quod eo reg- c Sliabh-Mis There are two mountains of 

nante opera mercedare locari csepte fuerint." this name in Ireland, one in the county of An- 

Lynch. " This Sedna was a worthy noble king, trim, anglice Slemmish, and the other near Tra- 

and the first that rewarded men with chattle in lee, in the county of Kerry, which is the one 

Ireland." Annals of Clonmacnoise. referred to in the text. See Ogygia, part iii. 

b Magh : i. e. the Plain. Not identified. c. 33. Keating says that silver was struck for 



54 QNHaca Rio^hachca eineaNN. [4320. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceD piche. Qn ceo bliabam DO tinhorn 
lapDonn, mac Gnna Dfipj, hi jiije nGpeann innpn. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceD piche a hochc. Ctnaoi Do Lughaib 
lapoonn hi pije nGpeann 50 ccopcaip la Sfoplam hi RaicClocaip. 

Ctoip Domain, ceirpe mile cpi ceD piche a naoi. Qn ceo bliabam Do 
Sioplam, mac pinD, mic bpaca, hi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo cfcpacac a cfcaip. lap mbeic pe 
bliabna oecc Do Sioplam hi pije nGpeann DO pocaip la nGochaib nUaipcfp. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo cfrpacac a cuij. Qn ceD bliabam 
D6ochai& Uaipcheap i pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo caogac ape. lap mbeic Da bliabain 
Decc DGochaiD Uaipcfp hi pighe nGpeann Do pochaip la macoib Conjail .1. 
Gochaib ~\ Conainj. 

Ctoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceD caojjac a pfcc. Qn ceo b'liaDam Do 
Da mac ConjailCopccapaij .1. Ouach Ueampac, mic TTluipfohaig bol^paij 
.1. GochaiD piabmuine -\ Conaing beajfglacli, na piojaib op Gpinn, Dfpcapc 
Gpeann la hGochaiD, a cuaipcfpc la Conaing. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo peapcac a haon. lap mbeic cuij bli- 
abna i ccompighe opGpinn DGochai&piaDmuinei DoConams bfgeaglach DO 
pocaip GochaiD la Lugaib Caimbfpg, mac Gachach Uaijicfp, -\ DO pcapaD an 
pijhe ppi Conaing. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo pfpccac a Do. Qn ceo bliabain oo 
Cujaib Laimofpj mac Gachuch Uaipcfp i pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo peapccac a hocc. Q Sfcc Do Lujaib 
nGpeann 50 ccopcaip la Conaing, mac Congail. 



the first time in Ireland in his time, which it terrain, vel turn cum erectus staret, pertingen- 

was at a place called Airgiod-Ross, on the Eiver tibus, sir enim perinde est ac longa ac lamh ac 

Feoir, in Ossory. " Quo Eege argentum in Hi- manus." _ Lynch. 

bernia primum Airgiod- Rossis signari captum." " Sirelawe was so called because he had such 

Lynch. The same is asserted by O'Flaherty, long hands, that when he would stand or be on 

Ogygia (ubi supra) ; but no mention is made horseback, he could, without stooping, reach to 

of the latter circumstance in the Annals of the ground." Annals of Clonmacnoise. 

Clonmacnoise. f Eochaidh Z7arcAeas._ Keating understands 

d Rath-Clochair: i. e. the Rath or Fort of the this as Eochaidh of the Wicker Boats. " Agno- 

Rocks. Not identified. mine tracto a gcaphig rudi viminum contextione 

Sirlamh." Nomine parto a longis manibus, compactis, et pecorum obductis corio. Fuarchis 



4320.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



65 



The Age of the World, 4320. This was the first year of Lughaidh lar- 
donn, son of Enda Dearg, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4328. The ninth year of Lughaidh lardonn in 
the sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell, by Sirlamh, at Rath-Clochair 11 . 

The Age of the World, 4329. This was the first year of Sirlamh 8 , son of 
Finn, son of Bratha, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4344. Sirlamh, after having been sixteen years 
in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Eochaidh Uairches. 

The Age of the World, 4345. The first year of Eochaidh Uaircheas' in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4356. Eochaidh Uaircheas, after having been 
twelve years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by the sons of Congall : i. e. 
Eochaidh and Conaing. 

The Age of the World, 4357. The first year of the two sons of Congal 
Cosgarach 8 [son] of Duach Teamrach, son of Muireadhach Bolgrach, namely, 
Eochaidh Fiadhmuine" and Conaing Begeaglach, over Ireland; the south of 
Ireland belonging to Eochaidh, and the north to Conaing. 

The Age of the World, 4361. After Eochaidh Fiadhmuine and Conaing 
Begeaglach had been five years in the joint sovereignty of Ireland, Eochaidh 
fell by Lughaidh Laimhdhearg, son of Eochaidh Uaircheas, and the sovereignty 
was wrested from Conaing. 

The Age of the World, 4362. The first year of Lughaidh Laimhdhearg 1 , 
son of Eochaidh Uaircheas, in the sovereignty of Ireland, 

The Age of the World, 4368. The seventh of Lughaidh in the sovereignty 
of Ireland, when he fell by Conaing, son of Congal. 



enim est corbis seu crates minus arte contextus. 
Eochus biennium Hibernise accedere prohibitus, 
piratum egit e lentribus, ea, qua dixi ratione, 
confectus epibatas suos in litore expositos jubens 
prsedas a litorum accolis abductas in paronem 
importare." Lynch . 

g Congal Cosgarach Keating makes Eochaidh 
Fiadhmuine and Conaing Begeaglach the sons 
of Duach Teamhrach. From this it would ap- 
pear that Congal Cosgarach was an alias name 
for Duach Teamhrach. 



b Eochaidh Fiadhmuine, pronounced Eochy 
Feamoney : i. e. Eochaidh the Huntsman. " As- 
suetus erat Eochus cervorum venatione multum 
indulgere: quod illi cognomen Fiadhmuine fecit, 
fiadh nimirum cervum interpretamur, et main, 
silvam." 

1 Lughaidh Laimhdhearg : i. e. Lughaidh the 
Red-handed. " Regno deinde potitus est Luga- 
chus Eochi Uarchesi filius, cognomento Rubri- 
manus, a rubra macula quse manum inficiebat." 
Lynch. 



K 



66 awwata Rioshachca eiReawn. [4369 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo pfpccac a naoi. Qn ceo bliabam DO 
Conamj bfjeajlach, mac Conjail, i pije nGpeann innpin oopibipi. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceD ochcmojac a hochc. lap mbeic piche 
bliabam hi pije nGpeann Do Conainj becceajlach Do cfp la hQpc mac 
LmjDeach. Op aipe DO beipci Conainj bfseaglach ppip ap nf po gab oman 
ppip nach aon e cen po maip. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile rpi ceo ochcmojac a naoi. Qn ceo BliaDam 
oQpr, mac CuijDeach, mic Gacac Uaipcfp, hi pije nGpeann innpn. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile cpi ceo nocac acfraip. lap mbeir pe bliabna 
i pije nGpeann oCtpc, mac CuijDeach, po pochaip la piaca Uolgpac -\ la a 
mac Ouach LaDpac. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cpi ceo nochac a cuig. Qn ceiD bliabam 
DpiachaiD Uolccpach hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cficpe ceD a cfcaip. lap mbeich Deich mbliaDna 
hi pije nGpeann opiachaib Uolgpach, mac TTIuipfDhaig bolccpaij, Do cfp la 
hOilioll mac Qipc i mboipino. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile ceicpe ceD a cuig. Qn ceo BliaDain oOilioll 
Pionn, mac Qipc, mic LuijDeach LaimDepcc, op Gpinn innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceo a cuig Decc. lap mbeic en bliabain 
065 hi pije nGpeann oOilioll Pionn, mac Qipc, mic Luijoeach 
DO po chaip la hQipjfcmaip -\ Id Duach tabjaip hi ccach Obba. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceo ape Decc. Qn ceD bliabam DGoch- 
aib mac Oiliolla pinn hi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Oomain, cficpe mile cficpe ceo piche aDo. lap mbeic peachc 
mbliabna hi pighe nGpeann, oGochaib, mac Oiliolla pinn, Do pochaip la nQip- 
jfcmaip -\ la Ouach Labgaip hi nQine. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceicpe ceD piche a cpi. Qn ceD bliabam 
oQipgfcmap, mac Sioplaim, hi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceD caoccac a Do. Qn oeachmab 

k Eegeaglach : i. e. Little- fearing. " He was perterriti peperit." Lynch. 

so called because he was never known to be According to the Book of Fenagh he held 

afra,d in his life._^ W n. Clan. his royal residence at Fenagh, in Magh-Eein, in 

Conmgus Imperterntus viginti annis regna- the present county of Leitrim, where he built a 

vit ne rnimmo mterim pavore in quamvis atroci beautiful stone fort, within which the monastery 

pugna perstnctus; qu* res illi cognomen Im- o f Fenagh was afterwards erected 



4369-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 07 

The Age of the World, 4369. This was the first year of Conaing Begeag- 
lach, son of Congal, a second time in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4388. After Conaing Begeaglach had been twenty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell by Art, son of Lughaidh. He was 
called Conaing Begeaglach", because he was never seized with fear of any one 
while he lived. 

The Age of the World, 4389. This was the first year of Art, son of Lugh- 
aidh, son of Eochaidh Uaircheas, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4394. Art, son of Lughaidh, after having been 
six years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Fiacha Tolgrach and his son, 
Duach Ladhrach. 

The Age of the World, 4395. The first year of Fiacha Tolgrach in the 
sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4404. Fiacha Tolgrach, son of Muireadhach, after 
having been ten years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Oilioll, son of Art, 
in Boirinn 1 . 

The Age of the World, 4405. This was the first year of Oilioll Finn, son 
of Art, son of Lughaidh Laimhdhearg, over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4415. Oilioll Finn, son of Art, son of Lughaidh 
Laimhdhearg, after having been eleven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell 
by Airgeatmhar and Duach Ladhghair, in the battle of Odhbha m . 

The Age of the World, 4416. This was the first year of Eochaidh, son of 
Oilioll Finn, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4422. Eochaidh, son of Oilioll Finn, after having 
been seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Airgeatmhar, at Aine". 

The Age of the World, 4423. This was the first year of Airgeatmhar, son 
of Sirlamh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4452. The thirtieth year of Airgeatmhar in the 

' Boirinn, Now Burrin, a celebrated rocky m Odhbha. See A. M. 302, supra. 

territory, now a barony, in the north of the n Aine : i. e. Knockany, near Bruff, in the 

county of Clare. The name, which enters county of Limerick. It is stated in the Annals 

largely into the topographical names through- of Clonmacnoise, that " King Eochy was then at 

out Ireland, is derived, in a manuscript in Trin. the Faire of Cnockayne, where Argedwar and 

Coll. Dublin, H. 2. 15, p. 180, col. 2, line 23, Dwagh came unawares upon him, and slew him 

from bopp, great, and onn, a stone or rock. and many of the nobility of Munster." 

K2 



68 



emecmN. 



[4453. 



bl.abam pichfc DQip 5 femap hi pi 5 he nGpeann 50 ccopchaip la Duach Lab- 
pac -| la tuccaib taighbe mac Gachach. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceo cao 5 ac a rpf. Qn ceo bliabam Do 
Duach Lab 5 pach, mac piachac Col 5 pai, hi pijhe nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cficpe ceD peapccac a Do. Q Deich Do Duach 
La&spach hi pijhe nGpeann 50 ccopcaip la Lujaib Caijbe. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cficpe ceD peapccac a cpi. Ctn ceD bliabain no 
Lushaib Laijbe hi pige nGpeann innyin. 

Ctoif Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceo reapccac anaoi. lap mbeic peachr 
mbliaDna hi pije nGpeann DO LujhaiD Cashbe DO ceap la hQob T?uaoh, 
mac mboDaipn, mic Qipsfomaip. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ceirpe ceo peacrmojac. Qn ceD bliabam 
DQoD T?ua&, mac ba&aipn, hi pijhe nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cfirpe ceD peachcmojac ape. lap mbeic peachc 
mbliabna hi pije nGpeann DQoD Ruab, mac babaipn, po pagoib an pije 05 
Dichopba, mac Demain, lap ccaicfm an cfio fealoio Do bubein, ap po bacup 
paca paip ima cealjab uab i ccionn peachc mbliabna Do Diocopba, i ap 
Diocopba bfop ima legab uab DO Ciombaoch mp peachc mbli'abna oile, ~\ 
arhlaib pimap nupo 50 popbab a pplaca. Qp aipe DO ponpac an chopa ipm 
immon pi je ap pobrap meic cpi nDfpbparap. 

Qoip Domain, cfircpe mile cficpe ceD peachcmojac, apfcc. Qn ceo 
bliabam DO Dioropba, mac Demain, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceo ochcmojac acpi. lap mbeic peachc 
mbliabna hi pije nGpeann DO Diocopba, mac Demain, po pajaib an pie 05 
Ciombaoc, mac pionncam, uaip ba Do painic an peal lap nDiocopba. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cficpe ceo ochcmojac a cfcaip. Qn ceD 
bliabam DO Ciombaoc mac pionncam hi pie nGpeann innpin. 



Duach Ladhgrach: i. e. Duach the Vindic- 
tive, or quick avenger of wrongs. " Appellatus 
est Ladhrach quasi luathagra, id est preepropera 
poense repetitio, quod quern in flagrant! delicto 
reprehendisset non eum loco excedere ante datas 
admissi sceleris poenas passus est." Lynch. 

' Lughaidh Laighdhe Anglicised Lowaye 

Laye by Mageoghegan in the Ann. Clon. Keating 



tells a strange legend to account for this name. 

q Injunctions. " These were three kings of 
Ireland at once. All were kinsmen, Hugh, 
Dehorba, and Kimboye ; and because they lived 
together in some contention for the kingdom, 
for their better peace and security there was 
order taken, for their agreement in their govern- 
ment, that each of them should rule seven 



44.53.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 69 

sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell by Duach Ladhgrach and Lughaidh Laigh- 
dhe, son of Eochaidh. 

The Age of the World, 4453. The first year of Duach Ladhgrach , sou 
of Fiacha Tolgrach, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4462. The tenth year of Duach Ladhgrach in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell by Lughaidh Laighdhe. 

The Age of the World, 4463. This was the first year of Lughaidh Laigh- 
dhe p in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4469. Lughaidh Laighdhe, after having been 
seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Aedh Ruadh, son of Bodharri, 
son of Airgeatmhar. 

The Age of the World, 4470. The first year of Aedh Ruadh, son of 
Badharn, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4476. Aedh Ruadh, son of Badharn, after having 
been seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, left the sovereignty to Dithorba, 
son of Deman, after having spent the first period himself, for there were injunc- 
tions' 1 upon him to resign it to Dithorba at the end of seven years ; and on 
Dithorba, also, to resign it to Cimbaeth at the end of seven years more ; and 
so in succession to the end of their reigns [lives]. The reason that they made 
this agreement respecting the sovereignty was, because they were the sons of 
three brothers 

The Age of the World, 4477. The first year of Dithorba, son of Deman, 
in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4483. Dithorba, son of Deman, after having been 
seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, resigned the kingdom to Cimbaeth, 
son of Fintan, for his was the turn after Dithorba. 

The Age of the World, 4484. This was the first year of Cimbaeth, son 
of Fintan, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

years orderly, one after another, without impe- break what they could ; the poets to chide and 

diment of any of the rest ; and for making good scould at them in their Rhymes and writtings, 

the same there were seven Magitians, seven with as great a disgrace as they might invent, 

poets, and seven principal Lords of the Ulster which was & thing in these days much feared 

nobility, chosen out to see that agreement firmly by the Irish nation ; and the seven principal 

kept. The Magitians by their art to work Lords to follow and prosecute the violator with 

against him that would the said agreement fire and sword. But all this was not necessary 



70 anwata Rioghachca emeawN. [4490. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mite cficpe ceo nochar. lap mbfic peachc mbliabna 
hi pige nGpeann DO Ciombaoch, mac pionncam, po pagoib an pighe 05 Qob 
Ruab, mac babaipn. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cfirpe ceo nochac a peachc. lap mbeic peachc 
mbliabna hi pige nGpeann an oapa peachc oQob Ruaoh, mac babaipn, po 
pagaib an pige 05 Oiocopba bo pibipi. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cfirpe cep nochac a hochc. Qn ceD bliabain 
DO Oiorhopba, mac Oemain, an oapa peace po gab pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cuig cec a cfcaip. lap mbfic peachc mbliaDna 
DO Oiocopba Don cup pin hi pijhe nGpeann po pagoib a peal 05 Ciombaoc, 
mac pionncuin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cuij ceD a cuig. Qn ceD bliabain Do Ciom- 
baoc an oapa peachc po gab pije nGapeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cuig ceo a haon noecc. lap mbfic peachc 
mbliaDna DoCiombaoc hi pighe nGpeann, an Oapa peachc, po pctgoib an pighe 
05 GOD T?uao, mac baoaipn. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cuij ceo a Do Decc. Qn ceo bliabain oQob 
17ua6,mac6a6aipn, hi pighe nGpeann (an cpfp peachc pogab an pije) innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cuig ceD a hochc Decc. lap mbeic pfchc 
mbliaDna hi pije nGpeann oQoo l?ua&, mac baoaipn, (an cpfp peachc po 
gab pighe)po baibfo i nGappRuaioh, co po habnachc ipin pich 6p up in fpa, 
conab uaba Do gapap Sfch Qoba, ~[ Gapp Qoba l?uaioh. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cuig ceo a naoi Decc. Qn ceo bliabain Do 
Diochopba, an cpfp peachc po gab pige nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceirpe mile cuig ceo piche a cuig. lap mbfic peachc 
mbliabna Do Diochopba hi pighe nGpeann (an cpfp peachc) po pagoib an 
pige ag Ciombaoch. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cuig cec piche ape. Qn ceo bliabain oo Ciom- 
baech i pige nGpeann an cpfp peachc po gab an pige innpin. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cuig ceo cpiocac aoo. lap mbfic peachc 

for preservation of their agreement, for they did name), leaving no issue behind him but one only 

agree without any square at all, till at last Daughter, Macha Mongroe ; in English, Macha 

Hugh Eoe was drowned in Easroe (of whom of the red hair." Annals of Clonmacnoise. 
that Easse, or falling of the water, took the ' Sith-Aedha: i. e. hill or tumulus of Aedh, 



4490.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 71 

The Age of the World, 4490. Cimbaeth, son of Fintan, after having been 
seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, resigned the kingdom to Aedh Ruadh, 
son of Badharn. 

The Age of the World, 4497. Aedh Ruadh, son of Badharn, after having 
been, for the second time, seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, resigned 
the kingdom to Dithorba again. 

The Age of the World, 4498. The first year of Dithorba, son of Deman, 
the second time that he assumed the sovereignty of Ireland. 
- The Age of the World, 4504. Dithorba, after having been on that [second] 
occasion seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, gave his turn to Cimbaeth, 
son. of Fintan. 

The Age of the World, 4505. The first year of Cimbaeth, the second 
time that he assumed the monarchy of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4511. Cimbaeth, after having been for the second 
time in the sovereignty of Ireland, resigned the kingdom to Aedh Ruadh, son 
of Badharn. 

The Age of the World, 4512. This was the first year of Aedh Ruadh, 
son of Badharn, in the sovereignty of Ireland, the third time that he assumed 
the government. 

The Age of the World, 4518. Aedh Ruadh, sou of Badharn, after he had 
been (the third time that he assumed the government) seven years in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland, was drowned in Eas Ruaidh, and buried in the mound over 
the margin of the cataract ; so that from him Sith-Aedha r and Eas-Aedha $ 
are called. 

The Age of the World, 4519. The third year of Dithorba, the third time 
that he took the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4525. After Dithorba had been in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland (the third time), he resigned the kingdom to Cimbaeth. 

The Age of the World, 4526. This was the first year of Cimbaeth in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, the third time that he took the sovereignty. 

The Age of the World, 4532. After Cimbaeth had been seven years in 

now Mullaghshee at Ballyshannon. See notes taract or waterfall, now Assaroe, or the Salmon 
under A. D. 1597 and 1599- Leap, on the River Erne, at Ballyshannon See 

* Eas-Aedha Ruaidh: \. e. Aedh Ruadh's ca- notes at A. D. 1184 and 1 194. 



72 



[4533. 



mbliabna hi pije nGpeann DO C.mbaoc an cpfp peachc, P o pa.O TTlaca mjfn 
Qooa RuaiD, mic babaipn, ba 16 peal a hacap Don p, 5 he. Clcbfpc Diochopba 
1 Ciombaoch net ciobpaoaip pighe DO mnaoi. peacha,p each fcoppa, bpipip 
TTlacha poppa 50 pop lonnapb Oiochopba co na cloinn hi cConnachcaib co 
copcaip i cCopann. Do bfpc mppin Ciombaoch cuicce Do ceili 01,-] Do beip 
in pighe DO. Do choiDpi mpom na haonap hi cConnachcaib, -\ cug clann 
Diochopba 16 i noaopcfngal co hUlcoib a lop a nfipc,-] Do bfpc iaD po cpom 
Daoipe 50 po claibpfc l?dc Gamna 01, 5 ma6 P buD ppiomcacaip Ulab DO 



Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cuig ceo cpiocac acpf. Qn ceo bliabain Do 
Ciombaoc hi pijhe nSpeann lap na cabaipc cuicce DO TTlacha map cele. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile cuig ceo cpiocac anaoi. lap mbfic f cache 
mbliaona hi pije nGpeann DO Ciombaoc mac pioncam, lap na cabaipc cuice 
DO TTlacha, acbail i nGamoin TTlaca. Qp e ceo pf Gamna an Ciombaoch 
hi'pm. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile cuig ceo cfcpacac. Qn ceo bliaDain Do ITlacha 
hi pije nGpeann lap neg Do Ciombaoc mic pioncamn. 



1 To a woman " She, soon after her father's 
death, challenged her father's part of the king- 
dom, due unto her as her proper right, which 
was denied her by Dihorba and King Kimboye, 
saying that it was unfit that a woman should 
govern the kingdom where the issue male had 
not failed, and that it was never seen before. 
Whereupon she challenged them both to yeald 
her battle, which they were ready to do, and 
did accordingly, where King Kimboye was 
overthrown, and King Dihorba slain. Then she 
took upon herself the government as Queen," 
&c. Annals of Clonmacnoise. 

The same chronicle gives a long legend about 
the manner in which Queen Macha took, fet- 
tered, and led captive into Ulster the five sons 
of King Dithorba, who afterwards erected the 
rath of Eamhain Macha. The same story is 
also given by Keating; but O'Flaherty (Ogygia, 
part iii. c. 36) rejects as fabulous the captivity 
of the sons of Dithorba, and their having built 



Eamhain-Macha, or Emania, in atonement for 
their crimes and for the recovery of their liberty. 
He says that Cimbaeth was the first founder of 
Emania, and the first who resided there. Tigher- 
nach, who died in the year 1088, and who is the 
most accurate of the Irish annalists, states that 
all the monuments of the Scoti, to the time of 
Cimbaeth, are uncertain. " Omnia monumenta 
Scotorum usque Cimbaeth incerta erant." With 
this O'Flaherty agrees, and he has shewn in the 
second part of his Ogygia that the periods of the 
Ulster kings, from Cimbaeth to the destruction 
of Emania, are supported by accurate records ; 
but he confesses that the period preceding the 
reign of Cimbaeth is not so supported See 
O'Conor's Prolegom. ad Annales, pp. xxxviii. 
xlvii. Ixv. xcviii. and cii. 

u Eamhain Usually latinized Emania, now 
corrupted in English to the Navan Fort (from 
the Irish an 6uriiain), a very large rath, situated 
about two miles to the west of Armagh. See 



4.533.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



73 



the sovereignty of Ireland for the third time, Macha, daughter of Aedh Ruadh, 
son of Badharn, said that her father's turn to the sovereignty was her's. 
Dithorba and Cimbaeth said that they would not give the sovereignty to a 
woman'. A battle was fought between them ; Macha defeated them, and ex- 
pelled Dithorba, with his sons, into Connaught, so that he was slain in Corann. 
She afterwards took to her Cimbaeth as husband, and gave him the sovereignty. 
She afterwards proceeded alone into Connaught, and brought the sons of 
Dithorba with her in fetters to Ulster, by virtue of her strength, and placed 
them in great servitude, until they should erect the fort of Eamhain", that it 
might always be the chief city of Uladh [Ulster]. 

The Age of the World, 4533. The first year of Cimbaeth in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland, after Macha had taken him to her as husband". 

The Age of the World, 4539. Cimbaeth, son of Fintan, having been seven 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, after he had been taken to her [as husband] 
by Macha, died at Eamhain-Macha. This Cimbaeth was the first king of 
Earahain. 

The Age of the World, 4540. The first year of Macha in the sovereignty 
of Ireland, after the death of Cimbaeth, son of Fintan. 



note ', under the year 1387. It is stated in 
Cormac's Glossary, and in various other au- 
thorities, that Eamhain was so called because 
Macha described the outline of the rath by the 
eo, or pin, which fastened her cloak. Keating's 
derivation of it is translated by Dr. Lynch as 
follows : 

" Ilia" [Macha] " aurea fibula quse tegmen 
extimum circa collum astringebat, extracta, 
Falatii aream dimensa est et descripsit. Illi" 
[Dithorbi filii] " opus aggressi Palatium ex- 
truxerunt Eomhuin-Machain appellatum quasi 
subulam colli Macha? : eo enim subula, et muin, 
collum significat." 

The following remark on the date of the erec- 
tion and period of the destruction of this fort is 
given in Mageoghegan's translation of the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise; but the Editor cannot 
say whether it is an interpolation of the trans- 



lator's, or a remark by the original compiler of 
the Chronicle : 

" In the same (Rath), she (Macha) and the 
Kings of Ulster, her successors, kept their pal- 
lace and place of residence for the space of 855 
years after. It was built 450 years before the 
birth of Jesus Christ, and was rased and broken 
down again for spight to Clanna-Eowrie by the 
three brothers, Three Collas, sons of Eochie 
Dowlen, who was son of King Carbry Liffe- 
char." 

w As husband. Dr. O'Conor has the following 
short entry, which he says is inserted in a more 
modern hand in the Stowe copy : 

"Goip oorhcun, ceirpi mile cuij ceo rpio- 
chac a hocr. Q p6 o Cimbaor. Remap 
agup oe'jpollariinacc Chimbaor pop Gpe 
uile." 

" The Age of the World, 4538. The sixth of 



74 



[4546. 



Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cuig ceo cfcpacac ape. lap mbfic peachc 
mblia&na hi pie nGpeann Do TTlacha monjpuaiD, injfn Qoba RuaiD, mic 
6a6aipn, Oocfp la ReachcaiD Rigofpcc, mac tuijDeach. dp hi TTlacha po 
popail pop macoib Oiocopba (lap na ccabaipc po oaoipe) Raich Gamna Do 
claiDe, jomab pi ppiomcacaip UlaD DO pfp, amail po pempaiDpfm, -| ba he 
Ciombaoc-| TTlacha po oil Ujaine TTlop. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cuig ceD cfcpacac a peachc. Cfn ceo bliabam 
DO Reachcaib RijDfpcc, mac CuijDeach, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile cuig ceO peapccac ape. lap mbfic piche 
bliabam i pije nGpeann Do ReachcaiD Rijofpcc, mac Cuijbeac, Do pochaip 
la hUjame TTlop a nDiojail a buime .1. TTlaca TTlonspuaD. 

Ctoip Domain, cficpe mile cuig ceo peapccac a peachc. Qn ceD bliaDam 
DUjhame TTlop, mac Gachach buabaigh, hi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pe ceD ape. 1 ppopcfno na bliaDna po, lap 
mbfic cfcpacac bliaDam comlan oUjaine mop na pfj Gpeann i mpcoip 
Goppa 50 hiomlan 50 muip Uoippian, Do pochaip la baDbchab, i cUealac 



Cimbaeth. The rule and good government of 
Cimbaeth over all Ireland." 

x That fostered Ugaine Nor. " Owgany More, 
son of Eochie Bwaye, who in and from his 
childhood was nourished and fostered by King 
Kimboye and Queen Macha, as well as if he had 
been their own natural child." Annals ofClon- 
macnoise. To this the translator adds the fol- 
lowing note : 

" The manner in those days was to bring up 
noblemen's children, especially their friends, in 
princes and great men's houses, and for ever after 
would call them fosterers, and love them as well 
as their own natural father." 

' Eeachtaidh Righdhearg : L e. Keachtaidh of 
the Bed Wrist. " Righ enim carpum, et dearg 
rubrum significat." Lynch. " Rij signifies 
the ulna. lp uttne jjoipreap Reaccaij Rij- 
oeapg oe .1. bun pij oeapj DO Bi aije." 
Keating. 

' Ugaine Mor Flann synchronizes Ugaine 

Mor with Ptolomaeus Lagides See Doctor 



O'Conor's Prolegom. ad Annales, p. xlviii. The 
Annals of Clonmacnoise state : " About this 
time the monarchy of the Assyrians was de- 
stroyed by Arbatus, and translated over to the 
Medes." The same annals, as well as the 
O'Clerys, in the Leabhar Gabhala, and also 
Keating and O'Flaherty, state that this mo- 
narch had twenty-two sons and three daughters, 
among whom he divided Ireland into twenty-five 
parts, a division which continued for three hun- 
dred years afterwards, " when the kings of the 
provinces almost quenched the renown thereof." 
The names of these territories, and of the chil- 
dren of Ugaine to whom they were allotted, are 
given with some variations in our ancient ma- 
nuscripts, but the following seems the most 
correct: 1. Breagh, or Bregia, to Cobhthach 
Gael ; 2. Muirtheimhne, in the now county of 
Louth, to Cobhthach Minn ; 3. to Laeghaire 
Lore, the lands about the Eiver Liffey, in Lein- 
ster ; 4. Magh-Fea, in the now county of Carlow, 
to Fuilne; 5. Magh-Nair, to Nar; 6. Magh- 



4546.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 75 

. The Age of the World, 4546. Macha Mongruadh, daughter of Aedh 
Euadh, son of Badharn, after she had been seven years in the sovereignty of 
Ireland, was slain by Reachtaidh Righdhearg, son of Lughaidh. It was Macha 
that commanded the sons of Dithorba (after bringing them into servitude) 
to erect the fort of Eamhain, that it might be the chief city of Ulster for 
ever, as we have said before ; and it was Cimbaeth and Macha that fostered 
Ugaine Mor*. 

The Age of the World, 4547. The first year of Reachtaidh Righdhearg y , 
son of Lughaidh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4566. Reachtaidh Righdhearg, son of Lughaidh, 
after having been twenty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Ugaine 
Mor, in revenge of his foster-mother, i. e. Macha Mongruadh. 

The Age of the World, 4567. This was the first year of Ugaine Mor 2 , son 
of Eochaidh Buadhach, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4606. At the end of this year Ugaine Mor, after he 
had been full forty years king of Ireland, and of the whole of the west of Europe, 
as far as Muir-Toirrian a , was slain by Badhbhchadh, at Tealach-an-chosgair b , in 

Raighne, in Ossory, to Raighne ; 7. Magh-Nairbh, his daughter Aeife or Eva ; and Magh-Muirisce, 

to Narbh; 8. Aigeatross, on the River Nore, to in the now county of Mayo, to his daughter Mui- 

Cinga; 9. Magh-Tarra, to Tair; 10. Treitherne, rise. Of all these sons of Ugaine Mor only two 

to Triath ; 1 1 . Luachair-Deaghaidh, in Kerry, to left issue, namely, Cobhthach Cael and Laegh- 

Sen; 12. Cluain-Corca-Oiche, inUi-Fidhgheinte, aire Lore, from whom all that survive of the 

to Bard; 13. The southern Deisi, to Fergus Gnoi; race of Heremon are descended See Keating's 

14. Aidhne, in the diocese of Kilmacduagh, to History of Ireland, Haliday's edition, p. 348. 

Orb; 15.Moenmhagh, in Clanrickard, in the now " Muir-Toirrian O'Flaherty understands 

county of Gal way, to Moen; 16. Magh-Aei, in this to mean the Mediterranean sea. See 
the now county of Roscommon, to Sanbh ; 17. Ogygia, part iii. c. 39; but Mageoghegan, in 
Cliu-Mail, to Muireadhach Mai ; 18. Seolmhagh, Annales of Clonmacnoise, renders it Tyrrhian, 
now the barony of Clare, county of Galway, to by which he means that part of the former wash- 
ochaidh ; 1 9. Latharna, in the county of An- ing Tuscany. Keating uses the term, through- 
trim, to Latham; 20. Midhe, to Marc; 21. Line, out his History of Ireland, to denote the Medi- 
or Magh-Line, county of Antrim, to Laegh ; terranean sea See Haliday's edition, pp. 256, 
22. Corann, in the now county of Sligo, to 258. 

Cairbre ; 23. Magh- Ailbhe, in the present county b Tealach-an-chosgair: i. e. the Hill of the Vic- 

of Kildare, to his daughter Ailbhe ; 24. Magh- tory. O'Flaherty (ubi supra) states that he was 

Aeife, otherwise called Magh- Feimheann, now slain on the banks of the Boyne, at a place which 

Iffa and Ofia East, in the county of Tipperary, to he calls Kill-Droicheat. 

L2 



76 



emeaww. 



[4607- 



an cop 5 aip i TTIaij TTluipeaDa i mbpfgoib. dp e an cUjaine pin po 
pacha na nuile Dul aicpibe -\ nfmaicpiDe pop piopa Gpeann 50 coiccfnD, 
lomcopnam im pijje n6peann ppia a cloinn 50 bpdch na ppia piol bfop. 

baobchao, mac GachDach buabaij, mp nUghaine TTlop Id 50 Ific ipn 
pije, 50 pop mapb Lao^aipe Cope, mac Ujame, a noiojail a acap. 

Cloip Domain, cficpe mile pe ceo apeachc. Qn ceo bliabain Do Laojaipe 
Lope, mac Ujame TTlhoip, hi pije nGpeann innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pe ceD a hochc. lap mbfic Da bliaDain hi pije 
nGpeann DO Laojaipe Lope, mac Ughaine, DO pochaip la Cobchac Caol 
mbpfjh hi cCapman. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pe ceo anaoi. Qn ceo bliaDain Do Cobcach 
Caol bhpfj hi pije nGpeann inDpin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pe ceo caogac a hochc. lap mbfic caojacc 
bliaDain i pije nGpeann Do Cobcach Caol bpfj, mac Ujame TTlhoip, DO 
pocaip la Labpaio Lomgpeac, TTlaen mac Oiliolla Cline, co ccpiochaiD 
ime hi nOionn pij pop bpu bfpba. 



c Oaths See Battle ofMagh Bath, p. 3, and 

Petrie's Antiquities of Tar a, Hill, p. 10, for a 
fuller account of this pagan oath exacted by 
Ugaine from the Irish chieftains. 

d Was killed. Keating tells a horrible story of 
the treacherous manner in which Cobhthach con- 
trived the murder of Laeghaire Lore or Laegh- 
aire the Murderer, and of the manner in which 
Maen, afterwards called Labhraidh Loingseach, 
was treated by him; but the Irish Annals are 
silent about these details, and, therefore, we 
must regard Keating's story as a poetical in- 
vention. 

e Dinn-righ See note under A. M. 3267. 
In a fragment of the Annals of Tighernach, 
preserved in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, 
Eawlinson, 502, fol. 1, b. col. 1, this fact is also 
mentioned, and the place is called Dinn-Righ in 
Magh-Ailbhe, and the house or palace Bruidhin 
Tuama-Teanbath. The Annals of Clonmacnoise 
also mention this burning of " Cobhthach, toge- 
ther with thirty Irish princes, on the Barrowe 



side, at a place called Dinrye." 

Keating tells a romantic story of the flight of 
Moen, or Labhraidh, to France, and of the man- 
ner in which he was induced to return to Ire- 
land by the lady Moriat, daughter of Scoriat, 
prince of Corcaguiny, in Kerry (now the name 
of a river in that territory). According to this 
story, Labhraidh returned to Ireland with a 
force of 2200 men, who brought with them a 
kind of broad-headed lance or javelin, called 
laijne, from which the province of Leinster, 
which had been previously called Gailian, re- 
ceived the appellation of Laighin. With these 
he landed in the harbour of Wexford, whence 
he marched to Dinn-righ, on the Kiver Barrow, 
near Leighlin, where he rushed into the palace, 
put the king and thirty of his nobility to the 
sword, and set the palace on fire, &c. 

This story, which savours very strongly of 
romance, is differently told in the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise, as translated by Mageoghegan, 
as follows: 



4607-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 77 

Magh-Muireadha, in Bregia. This Ugaine was he who exacted oaths c , by all 
the elements visible and invisible, from the men of Ireland in general, that they 
would never contend for the sovereignty of Ireland with his children or his 
race. 

Badhbhchadh, son of Eochaidh Buadhach, was for a day and a half after 
Ugaine in the sovereignty of Ireland, when Laeghaire Lore, son of Ugaine, 
slew him, in revenge of his father. 

The Age of the World, 4607. This was the first year of Laeghaire Lore, 
son of Ugaine Mor, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4608. Laeghaire Lore, son of Ugaine, after having 
been two years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was killed" by Cobhthach Gael 
Breagh, at Carman (Wexford). 

The Age of the World, 4609. This was the first year of Cobhthach Gael 
Breagh in the monarchy of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4658. Cobhthach Gael Breagh, son of Ugaine, 
after having been fifty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Labhraidh 
Loingseach, [i. e.] Maen, son of Oilioll Aine, with thirty kings about him, at 
Dinn-righ e , on the brink of the Bearbha. 

" Also the said Covhagh slew Oilill Anye, son reigned 17 years. King Covhagh had little care, 

of the said King Logery, after which foul fact of the Irish proverb, which is, that ' one should 

done, Lawry Longseach," [great] " grandchild never trust a reconciled adversary.' This murther 

of king Owgany, and" [grand] " son of Logery was committed on the Barrowe side, at a place 

Lork, was banished by him, who remained many called Dinrye or Deannrye, and divers of the 

years beyond seas, seeking to bring into this nobility were there murthered as aforesaid, 
land foreigners to invade it ; and, in the end, " Some say that the city of Roome was 

after long banishment, his great uncle, the king founded about the beginning of this precedent 

of Ireland, made friendship with him, and be- king's reign. 

stowed upon him and his heirs, for ever, the " Finncha mac Baiceadha reigned then in 

province of Lynster, since which time there Eawyn-Macha, as king of Ulster, 
hath been mortal hatred, strife, and debate, be- " Lawry Loyngseagh, after thus murthering 

tween those of the province of Connaught, his uncle, succeeded as king of the kingdom. 

Ulster, and Lynster, the one descending of The province of Lynster took the name of him" 

King Covhagh, and the other of his brother, [recte, in his time], "for in the time of his ba- 

King Logery Lork. King Covhagh was invited nishment he brought divers foreigners into this 

to a feast by his said nephew, Lawrey, and there land that were armed with a kind of weapons 

was treacherously burnt, together with thirty which they brought with them, like pykes or 

Irish princes, in his own house, after he had spears, which, in Irish, were called Layny, and 



aNNQ6a Rioghachca eiReaww. [4659- 



78 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pe ceo caogac anaoi. Qn ceo bliabain Do Lab- 
paib Loingpeac hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pe ceD pfchcmojac apeacc. lap mbfic naoi 
mbliabna oecc DO Labpaib Loingpeac, TTlaen mac Oiliolla Qine, mic Laojaipe 
Luipc, micUjameTTloip, i pije nGpeann DO pocaip la TTlelje TYlolbrac, mac 
Cobcaijh Caoil bpfgh. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pe ceo peachcmojac a hochc. Qn ceo 
bliaDain Do ITlelje TTIolbcac, mac Cobcaic Chaoil 6pf, hi pije n6peann 
innpin. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile pe ceD nochac a cfcaip. lap mbfic peachc 
mbliaona 065 hi pije n6peann Do TTlelje TTIolbcac, mac Cobcaigh Caoil 
bpfjh, DO cfp i ccac Claipe la TTlobcopb. Qn can po clap a peapc ap ann 
po meabam Loch TTlelje po cfp hi cCoipbpe, comb uaba ainmnijcfp. 

Ctoip Domain, cficpe mile pe ceD nochac a cuig. Qn ceo bliabam DO 
TTlobcopb mac Cobcaigh Caoim, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile peachc cceo a haon. lap mbfic peachc 
mbliabna hi pije nGpeann Do TTlobcopb mac Cobcaigh Caoim Do pocaip la 
hQenjap Ollam. 

Ctoip Domain, cficpe mile peachc cceo, aoo. Qn ceo bliabam oQengup 
Ollam, mac Oiliolla, mic Cabpaba, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile pechc cceo anaoi 065. Q hocc Decc oQengup 
Ollam mac Oiliolla, mic Cabpaba, 50 ccopcaip la hlpepeo, mac TPelje, i 
bpoipcfno na pee hipin. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pfchc ceo piche. Qn ceio bbabam olpepeo, 
mac TTlelge TTlolbcaijh, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pfchc ceo piche ape. lap mbeic pfcc mbliabna 

were never before used in Ireland, of whom the h Loch Mdghe. Now Lough Melvin, a beau- 

Leynstermen and Leynster itself took the name, tiful lake situated on the confines of the counties 

He reigned 14 years, and was slain by Melge, of Fermanagh, Leitrim, and Donegal __ See notes 

son of King Couhagh. under A. D. 1421, 1455. 

" Connor Moyle Mac Fuhie reigned then king ' Cairbre Now the barony of Carbury, in 

of Ulster twelve years." the county of Sligo. No part of Lough Melvin 

f Seventeen years " Meylge was king twelve now belongs to this barony. 

years." Annals of Clonmicnoise. " Seven years __ " Mocorb was king six years, 

g Claire See A.M. 4169- and was slain by Enos Ollowe. About this 



4659-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 79 

The Age of the World, 4659. The first year of the reign of Labhraidh 
Loingseach in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4677. Labhraidh Loingseach, [i. e.] Maen, son of 
Oilioll Aine, son of Laeghaire Lore, son of Ugaine Mor, after having been nine- 
teen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Melghe Molbhthach, son 
of Cobhthach Gael Breagh. 

The Age of the World, 4678. This was the first year of Melghe Molbh- 
thach, [the Praiseworthy] son of Cobhthach Gael Breagh, in the sovereignty 
of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4694. Melghe Molbhthach, son of Cobhthach 
Gael Breagh, after having been seventeen years f in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
fell in the battle of Claire 8 , by Modhcorb. When his grave was digging, 
Loch Melghe 11 burst forth over the land in Cairbre', so that it was named from 
him. 

The Age of the World, 4695. The first year of Modhcorb, son of Cobh- 
thach Caemh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4701. Modhcorb, son of Cobhthach Caemh [the 
Comely], after having been seven years" in the sovereignty of Ireland, was 
slain by Aengus Ollamh. 

The Age of the World, 4702. The first year of Aenghus Ollamh, son of 
Labhraidh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4719. The eighteenth 1 [year] of Aenghus Ollamh, 
son of Oilioll, son of Labhraidh ; and he was slain by Irereo, son of Melghe, at 
the end of that time. 

The Age of the World, 4720. The first year of Irereo, son of Melghe 
Molbhthach, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4726. Irereo, son of Melghe, after having been 

time was born that famous poet of the Romans m Irereo. Mac Curtiri and most manuscript 

called Virgil, in a village called Andes, not far copies of Keating's History of Ireland, call this 

from Mantua." monarch laranngleo Fathach, i. e. Iron-fight 

1 Eighteenth. " Enos was king seven years, the Cautious (i. e. suspicex Lynch) ; but the 

and at last was slain by Irero, son of Meylge, best copies of Keating and of the Leabhar- 

near about the time Pompeius was overcome of Gabhala have Irereo. O'Flaherty has both 

Julius Caesar, and driven to take his flight into forms. Flann synchronizes Modhcorb, Aenghus 

Egypt." Annals of Clonmacnoise. Ollamh, and Irereo, with Ptolemy Evergetes. 



go aNNQGu uiufciiuijiiou. eiReaNN. [4727- 

hi pige nGpeann olpepeo, mac TTlelje, DO pochaip la pfpcopb mac TTIoba 

cuipb. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pfcc cceD piche apeache. Qn ceiD bliabam 
Dpiopcopb, mac TTloba Cuipb, hi pije nGpionn. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile pfcc cceo epiocac a pfcc. lap mbeie en 
bliabam 065 hi pije nGpionn opiop Copb Do pochaip la Connla Caom mac 

Ipepeo. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile pfce cceD epiocac a hochc. Qn ceio bliabam 
DO Connla Caom hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pfcc cceD caogac a pfcc. lap mbfic piche 
bliabam hi pije nGpeann Do Conla Caom acbail i cUfmpaijj. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe pfcc cceo caogac a hochc. Qn ceo bliabam DOilioll 
Caippiaclach, mac Connla Caoim, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pfcc cceo ochemojac aoo. lap mbfic cuig 
bliabna pichfc hi pije nGpeann oOilill Caippiaclach, mac Connla Caoim, 
mic Ipepeo, DO pochaip la hQoamap mic pipcuipb. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pfcc cceo ochcmojac a cpi. Qn ceo bliabam 
oQoamap mac pipcuipb, op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pfcc ceo ochcmojae apfcc. Qn cuijeab bliab- 
am oQoamap, mac pipcuipb, hi pijhe nGpeann, 50 ccopcaip la hGochaiD 
nQilclfean. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile pfcc cceD ochcmojac a hochc. Qn ceio 
bliabam oGochaib Qilclfchan hi pijhe op Gpmn. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile ochc ceo a cfcaip. lap mbfic peachc mbliabna 
oecc hi pije uap Gpinn oGochaib Qilclfchan, mac Oiliolla Caippiaclaich, Do 
pochaip la pfpjup popcamail. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile ochc ceo a cui5. Qn ceo bliabam opfpjup 
popcamail, mac bpfpail bpic, hi pij nGpeann. 

The Annals of Clonmacnoise give Irereo a reign then quietly died in the pallace of Taragh." 

of only six years. Annals of Clonmacnoise. Keating calls this 

n Eleven years. " Fearcorb was king seven monarch Connla Cruaidhchealgach, i. e. Connla, 

years." Annals of Clonmacnoise. the Hardy-treacherous. Flann synchronizes the 

Connla Caemh: i. e. Connla the Comely. Irish monarchs, Fearcorb and Connla, with 

" Conley Keywe, alias the Fine, succeeded in Ptolemy Philopater. 

the government of the kingdom four years, and p Oilioll Caisfhiadach : i. e. Oilioll of the bent 






4727.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 81 

seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Fearcorb, son of Modh- 
corb. 

The Age of the World, 4727. The first year of Fearcorb, son of Modh- 
corb, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4737. After Fearcorb had been eleven years" in 
the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Connla Caemh, son of Irereo. 

The Age of the World, 4738. The first year of Connla Caemh in the 
sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4757. Connla Caemh , after having been twenty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died at Teamhair [Tara]. 

The Age of the World, 4758. The first year of Oilioll Caisfhiaclach", son 
of Connla Caemh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4782. After Oilioll Caisfhiaclach, son of Connla 
Caemh, son of Irereo, had been twenty-five years" in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
he was slain by Adamair, son of Fearcorb. 

The Age of the World, 4783. The first year of Adamair, son of Fearcorb, 
over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4787. The fifth year' of Adamair, son of Fear- 
corb, in the sovereignty of Ireland, when he was slain by Eochaidh Ailtleathan. 

The Age of the World, 4788. The first year of Eochaidh Ailtleathan in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4804. After Eochaidh Ailtleathan', son of Oilioll 
Caisfhiaclach, had been seventeen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was 
slain by Fearghus Fortamhail. 

The Age of the World, 4805. The first year of Fearghus Fortamhail, son 
of Breasal Breac, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

or crooked Teeth. " Olillus Casfhiaclach, id est, id est tenuis cincinni," by Lynch. Flann syn- 

rugonim dentium." Lynch, chronizes Adamair and Eochaidh Foltleathan 

q Twenty-fine years " Oilell reigned twenty- with Ptolemy Epiphanes. 

five years, and was at last slain by Adamar." s Eochaidh Ailtleathan: i. e. Eochaidh of the 

Annals of Clonmacnoise. Broad Joints, or of the Broad House. Keating 

' The fifth year. " Adamar was king five writes his cognomen Foltleathan, which is trans- 
years, and was slain by Eochy Altleahan." lated " promissi crinis" by Dr. Lynch. The 
Annals of Clonmacnoise. He is called Adhamar Annals of Clonmacnoise give him a reign of only 
Foltchaoin by Keating, and" AdamarusJFWtcAyn, seven years. 

II 



Rioshachca eineaNN. [4815. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile ochc ceo a cuig Decc. lap mbfic en bliaDain 
Decc i pije nepeqnn opeapgup popcamail, macbpfpail bpic, DO pochaip la 
Uuipmfch hi ccac Ceampach. 

Qoip Domain, cfirpe mile ochc cceD ape Decc. Qn ceD bliaDain oQengup 
Cuipmeach Ueampach hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile ochc cceo peachcmojac acuij. lap mbfic 
pfpccac bliaDain hi pije nGpeann oQengup Cuipmeach Cfrhpach acbail hi 
cUeampnis- Cfonjup Uuipmeach DO jaipm De, ap ap cuicce cuipmiDcheap 
paop clanna Sil nGipeamom. 

doiy Domain, cfirpe mile ochc cceD pfccmojac ape. dn ceD bliaoam 
DO Conall Collampach, mac Gcepfceoil, na pij op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile ochc cceD ochcmojac. lap mbfic cuig bliaDna 
hi pije nGpeann DO Conall Collampac, mac Gceppceoil Ufrhpach, mic 6ac- 
ach Qilclfcan, Do pochaip la Nia SeDamam. 

Ctoip Domain, cficpe mile ochc cceD ochcmojac ahaon. Qn ceiD bliaoain 
DO Nia Sebamam, mac Q6amaip, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile ochc cceo ochcmojac apfchc. lap mbfic 
pfchc mbliaona hi pije nGpeann DO Nia SeDamam, macQDamaip,Do pochaip 
la hGnna Qijneach. Ctp a naimpip an pi'j NiaD Sfoamam Do blighcea ba 
1 ellce po aencoma. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile ochc cceD ochcmojac ahochc. Qn ceiD 
bliaDain oGnna Qi^neach op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile naoi cceD a pfchc. lap mbfic piche bliaDain 

' Fearghus Fortamhail: i. e. Fergus the Pow- dictus est." Lynch. The Four Masters, O'Fla- 
erful or Brave. " Qui, quod eximia fortitudine herty, and Dr. O'Conor, derive the name differ- 
pro ilia tempestate prsecelleret, Fortamhail, id ently, namely, from cuipmeac, prolific, because 
est, Strenuus, cognominatus est." Lynch. The he is the common ancestor of the great families 
Annals of Clonmacnoise give Enos Fortawyle a of Leath-Chuinn, Alba or Scotland, Dal-Kiada, 
reign of twelve years. Flann synchronizes him and Dal-Fiatach See Ogygia, iii. c. 40. The 
with Ptolemy Philometer. Annals of Clonmacnoise make no allusion to 

u Aenghus Tuirmheach. Keating, and from Fiacha Fearmara being an incestuous offspring, 

him Dr. Lynch, explains Tuirmheach, the cog- but speak of Enos Twyrmeach and his two sons 

nomen of this monarch, by ndipeac, i. e. " Pudi- as follows : 

bundus, quia pudore suffundereter, quod prolem " Enos succeeded, and was a very good king. 

ex filia ebrius susceperit ; films ex hoc incesto He left issue two goodly and noble sons, Enna 

coitu genitus Fiachus Fermara, id est, marinus Ayneagh and Fiagha Ferwara. The most part 



4815.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 83 

The Age of the World, 4815. FearghusFortamhail'.sonof Breasal Breac, 
after having been eleven years in the monarchy of Ireland, was slain by Aenghus 
Tuinnheach in the battle of Teamhair [Tara]. 

The Age of the World, 4816. The first year of the reign of Aenghus 
Tuirmheach Teamhrach in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4875. Aengus Tuirmheach Teamhrach, after 
having been sixty years in the monarchy of Ireland, died at Teamhair. He 
was called Aenghus Tuirmheach" because the nobility of the race of Eireamhon 
are traced to him. 

The Age of the World, 4876. The first year of Conall Collamhrach, son 
of Ederscel, as king over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4880. Conall Collamhrach, son of Ederscel 
Teamhrah, son of Eochaidh Ailtleathan, after having been five years in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Nia Sedhamain. 

The Age of the World, 4881. The first year of Nia Sedhamain, son of 
Adhamair, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4887. Nia Sedhamain, son of Adhamair, after 
having been seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Enna Aigh- 
neach. It was in the time of the King Nia Sedhamain that the cows and the 
does 1 were alike milked. 

The Age of the World, 4888. The first year of Enna Aighneach over 
Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4907. Enna Aighneach 7 , son of Aenghus Tuir- 

of the kings of Ireland descended of his son lamrach by the Latin Columnaris. 
Enna, and the kings of Scotland, for the most x The does. The cognomen of this monarch 

part, descended of Fiagha, so as the great has reference to the milking of the peaoa, r ea j a 

houses of both kingdoms derive their pedigrees or hinds, said to have been effected through the 

from them. He was of the sept of Heremon, incantations of his mother. " Mater ejus, Flidh- 

and reigned 32 years, and then died quietly at isa, sic fascinandi arte fuit instructa, ut filio regi 

Taragh, in his bed." feras damas effecerit non secus ac cicures vaccas, 

w Five years. The Annals of Clonmacnoise se mulgendas lactariis ultro prsebere." Lynch. 
agree with the Four Masters in the regnal years J Enna Aighneach. Anglicised Enna Ayneagh 

of this and the next reign. Flann synchronises by Mageoghegan in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 

Aengus Tuirmeach, Conall Collamhrach, Nia in which he is given a reign of only ten years. 

Sedhamain, and Enna Aighneach, with Ptolemy The cognomen Aighneach is explained 05- 

Evergetes-Physcon. O'Flaherty translates Col- oineac, i. e. perfect hospitality, by Keating. 

M2 



84 cmNata Rioshachca emeaNN. [4908. 

hi jiije nGpeann DGnna Qignfch, mac Qonjapa Cuipmij Cfmpac, DO pocaip 
la Cpiomchann Copccpach In ccac CCipD Cpemcamn. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile naoi cceo a hochc. Qn cem bliaDam Do 
Cpiomhcann Copccpach, mac pelimm, mic pfpgupa popcamail, hi pije 

nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile naoi ceo a haon noecc. lap mbfic cficpe 
bliaDna hi pije nGpeann DO Cpiorhcann Copccpac Do pochaip la RuDpuije, 
mac Sicpijhe. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile naoi cceo a Do Decc. Qn ceiD bliaDam DO 
Ruopuije, mac Sicpi^he, hi pi^he nGpeann. 

Ctoif Dorilain, ceicpe mile naoi cceD ochcmojar a haon. lap mbfic pfcc- 
mojac bliaDam hi pije nGpeann Do ftuDpmje, mac Sicpighe, mic Ouib mic 
pomoip, mic Qipsfcmaip, aobail i nQipsfcglionD. Qp lap an Rubpuije pi 
po meabpac na cacha po po Gipino. Cach Cuipce, each Luachpa, peachc 
ccaca hi cCliu, each 5^ earlDamriacl1 ) cacl1 s ^ibe TTlip, each boipne, each 
T?en, each Cfi, cac Cuile SilinDe, Da each popcpaipcc. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile naoi cceD ochcmojac a Do. Ctn ceiD bliaDam 
Dlonoaomap, mac Nia SeDamain, hi pi^e op Gpinn. 

Qoip Domain, ceicpe mile naoi cceo nochac. lap mbfic naoi mbliaDria 
hi pie nGpeann olonnacmap, mac Nia SeDamain, Do pochaip la bpeapal 
boioiobab, mac Ru&puije. 

Qoip Domain, cficpe mile naoi ceo nocha a haon. Cfn ceiD bliaDam Do 
bpfpal boiDiobaDh i pighe nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cuig mile a haon. lap mbfic en bliaDam Decc na pijh op 
Gpmn Dobpeapalboioiobaoh, mac l?u&puije,oo pochaip la LughaiD Luaighne. 
boap mop i nGpinn hi pfimiup bpfpail. 

z Crimfithann Cosgrach: i. e. Crimhthann the liudbraighe ?o long a reign as seventy years. 

Triumphant or Victorious. " Cosgrach, id est, b Airgeat-gleann: i. e. the silver glen or valley, 

victor, ideo cognominatus, quod in quam pluri- This was the name of a glen in the barony of 

mis praeliis victoriam reportaverit." Lynch. Farney, in the county of Monaghan. 

a Seventy years. The Annals of Clonmacnoise c Cuirce. A place in the territory of Ciaraighe- 

and most Irish authorities agree in this. Flann Chuirche, now anglice the barony of Kerrycur- 

synchronizes Crimhthann Cosgrach, Eudhraighe, rihy, in the county of Cork. 

Innatmar, Breasal, and Lughaidh Luaighne, d Luachair: i. e. Sliabh Luachra in Kerry, 

with Ptolemy Lathirus, and Ptolemy Alexander, e Cliu: i. e. Cliu-Mail, a district in the ba- 

from which it appears that he did not give rony of Coshlea, and county of Limerick See 



4908.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. &5 

meach Teamhrach, after having been twenty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
was slain by Crimhthann Cosgrach, in the battle of Ard-Crimhthainn. 

The Age of the World, 4908. The first year of Crimhthann Cosgrach, 
son of Feidhlimidh, son of Fearghus Fortamhail, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4911. Crimhthann Cosgrach 2 , after having been 
four years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Rudhraighe, son of 
Sithrighe. 

The Age of the World, 4912. The first year of Rudhraighe, son of Sith- 
righe, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4981. Rudhraighe, son of Sithrighe, son of Dubh, 
son of Fomhor, son of Airgeatmar, after having been seventy years a in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland, died at Airgeat-gleann b . It was by this Rudghraighe that 
these battles were won throughout Ireland : the battle of Cuirce c ; the battle 
of Luachair"; seven battles in Cliu e ; the battle of Gleannamhnacl/ ; the battle 
ofSHabhMis 8 ; the battle of Boirinn 11 ; the battle of Ren 1 ; the battle of Ai k ; 
the battle of Cuil-Silinne 1 ; the two battles of Fortrasc ra . 

The Age of the World, 4982. The first year of Innatmar, son of Nia 
Sedhamain, in sovereignty over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 4990. Innatmar, son of Nia Sedhamain, after 
having been nine years" in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Breasal 
Boidhiobadh, son of Rudraighe. 

The Age of the World, 4991. The first year of Breasal Boidhiobhadh in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5001. Breasal Boidhiobhadh, son of Rudhraighe, 
after having been eleven years king over Ireland, was slain by Lughaidh 
Luaighne. There was a great mortality of kine in Ireland in Breasal's reign. 

A. M. 4981, and A. D. 1570. common See note under A. D. 1 189- 

' Gleannamhnach Now Glanworth, in the 'Cuil-Silinne. This was the ancient name of 

barony of Fermoy, and county of Cork. the place where the church of Cill-Cuile-Silinne, 

s Slidbh Mis Now Slieve Mish, a mountain now Kilcooley, in the barony and county of 

near Tralee in Kerry. See A. M. 3500. Roscommon, was afterwards erected See A. D. 

h Boirinn: i.e. Burren, in the north of the 1411, and Appendix, p. 2495. 

county of Clare See A. M. 4981. m Fortrasc Not identified. 

' Ren This is probably intended for Magh- n Nine years The Annals of Clonmacnoise 

Rein, a plain in county of Leitrim. give this monarch a reign of only three years. 

k Ai: i.e. of Magh Ai, in the county of Ros- Mortality ofkine. From this moTtality he 



Rioghachca eiReawN. [5002. 

Cloip Domain, cuicc mile a DO. Qn ceiD bliaDain Do Cughaib Luaighne, 
mac lonDacmaip, hi pije nGpeann. 

Cloip Domain, cuicc mile a pe Decc. Qn cuigeao bliabain Decc Do Lushaib 
Luaijne, mac lonDacmaip, hi pie nGpeann, 50 ccopcaip la Conjal Clap- 
oinfch, mac RuDpuije. 

Qoip Domain, cuig mile a pfchc Decc. Qn ceD bliaDain Do Congal 
Clapoineach hi pije nGpeann. 

Ctoip Domain, cuig mile cpiocha a haon. lap mbfic cuij bliabna Decc 
hi pije nGpeann ooCongalClapomfc, mac RuDpuije, Do pochaip la Ouach 
Dallna Oeabaoh. 

Qoip Domain, cuig mile cpiocha a DO. Ctn ceiD bliaDain DO Ouach Oallca 
DeaohaD, mac Caipbpe Cuipcc, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, 6615 mile cfcpacha a haon. lap ccaicfm Deich mblia&on 
hi pije nGpeann Do Ouach Oallca Oeaoab, mac Caipbpe^Luifcc, Do pocaip 
la pachcna pachach. 

Ctoip Domain, cuig mile cftpacha a Do. Qn ceiD bliaDain Dphachcna 
pachach hi pie nGpeann. 

Ctoip Domain, cuig mile caoga a pfcc. lap mbfic pe bliabna Decc 
Dpachcna pacac, mac T?opa, mic RuDpuije, hi pije nGpeann Do ceap la 
hGochaiD ppeolech. 

Qoip Domain, cuij mile caoga a hochc. Ctn ceiD bliaDain DGochaiD 
peiDleach hi pighe op Gpinn. 

received his cognomen of Bodhiobhadh. "Breas- q Congal Claroineach: i.e. Congal of the Flat 

sail Bodivo was king ten years. In his time Face. He is more usually called Clair-ingneach, 

there was such a morren" [murrain] " of cowes i. e. of the Broad Nails. " He did many notable 

in this land as there were no more then left acts of chivalry, as there are great volumes of 

alive but one Bull and one Heiffer in the whole history written of his hardiness and manhood, 

kingdom, which Bull and Heiffer lived in a He was slain by Duach Dalta Dea when he had 

place called Gleann Sawasge." Annals ofClon- reigned fifteen years." Annals of Clonmacnoise, 

macnoise. Gleann Samhaisg, or Glen of the Heifer, Flann synchronizes Congal Clairingneach with 

is the name of a remarkable valley in the county Ptolemy Dionysius. 

of Kerry, where this tradition is still vividly r Duach Dalta Deaghaidh, Keating states 
remembered. that he was so called because he blinded his 
p Lughaidh Luaighne. " Loway mac lonamar younger brother, Deaghaidh, lest he might as- 
reigned 25" [recte 15] "years, and was slain by pire to the sovereignty; but O'Flaherty shews, 
Congal Clareingneach." Annals of Clonmac- from the Book of Lecan, fol. 203, o, and from 
noise. O'Duvegan's Book, fol. 81, a, and from Gilla- 



5002.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 87 

The Age of the World, 5002. The first year of the reign of Lughaidh 
Luaighne, son of Innatmar, in the monarchy of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5016. The fifteenth year of Lughaidh Luaighne p , 
son of Innatmar, in the sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell by Congal Cla- 
roineach, son of Rudhraighe. 

The Age of the World, 5017. The first year of Congal Claroineach in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5031. Congal Claroineach q , son of Eudhraighe, 
after having been fifteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Duach 
Dallta Deadhadh. 

The Age of the World, 5032. The first year of Duach Dallta Deadhadh r , 
son of Cairbre Lusg, in the monarchy of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5041. Duach Dallta Deadhadh, son of Cairbre 
Lusg, after having been ten years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by 
Fachtna Fathach. 

The Age of the World, 5042. The first year of Fachtna Fathach in the 
sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5057. Fachtna Fathach 8 , son of Rossa, son of 
Hudhraighe, after having been sixteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was 
slain by Eochaidh Feidhleach. 

The Age of the World, 5058. The first year of Eochaidh Feidhleach 1 in 
the sovereignty over Ireland. 

Caemhain's poem, written in the twelfth cen- or Wise. The Annals of Clonmacnoise give him 

tury, that he had no brother of that name, but a-reign of twenty-four years, and Flann synchro- 

that he was called Dalta Deaghaidh, i. e. the nises him with Cleopatra. 

Alumnus or Foster-son of Deaghaidh, son of Sen, ' Eochaidh Feidhleach Keating explains 

of the Ernaans of Munster See Ogygia, part iii. Feidkkach as " constant sighing." This mo- 

c. 42 ; and also Dr. O'Conor's Prolegomena ad narch rescinded the division of Ireland into 

Annales, p. xxiii. The Annals of Clonmacnoise twenty-five parts, which had been made three 

give this monarch a reign of only seven years, centuries before his time by the monarch 

and state that he " was slain by Faghtna Fagh- Ugaine Mor, and divided the kingdom into five 

agh about the time that Julius Csesar was mur- provinces, over each of which he appointed a 

dered in the senate by Brutus and Cassius." pentarch or provincial king, who was obedient 

O'Flaherty adds (ubi supra) that he was slain and tributary to himself. These were: Fearghus, 

in the battle of Ardbrestine. son of Leide, King of Uladh or Ulster; Deagh- 

*~ Fachtna Fathach: i. e. Fachtna the Cautious aidh, son of Sen, and his relative Tighernach, 



88 ctNNata Rio^hachca emeaMN. [5069- 

doip Domain, 0615 mile peapcca a naoi. lap mbfic Da bliabam Decc hi 
pi-rhe nGpeann oGochaib pfibleach, mac pino, mic pionDlojha, acbail i 

rcfmpaij. 

Ctoip Domain, cincc mile peachcmogac. Qn ceio bliabain DGochaib 
CXipfm (ofpbpachaip Gachach pfiolij) hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cuicc mile ochcmojac a cfraip. lap ccaicfm 0615 mbliabna 
noecc hi pije nGpeann oGochaib Qtpfm po loipcceab la Siojmall hi 

amo. 

Qoip Domain, cuicc mile ochcmojac a 0(115. ^ n C ^ D bliabam 
mac Gojain, mic Oiliolla, na pij op 6pinn. 

Qoip Domain, cuig mile ochrmogac anaoi. lap ccocaicfm coicc mbliaDan 
hi pijhe nGpeann oGoeppcel, mac Gojain, mic Oiliolla, Do pochaip la 
Nuaba Neachc, i nCtillino. 

Qoip Domain, cuicc mile nochac. lap ccaicfm Ificbliabna hi pighe 
nGpeann Do Nuaba Nfchc, mac Seona Sicbaicc, copcaip hi ccac Cliach i 
nUib Opona la Conaipe TTlop. Leicbliabam complainp clomne Gimhip pmD 
hi ccfnn na leic bliaban po Nuabac Nfcc comldnaijfp nochac ap cuig mile 
bliabam i naoip Domain. 

Qoip Domain, cuicc mile nocha a haon. Qn ceio bliabam oo Conaipe 
TTlop, mac Gceppceoil, i pije nGpeann. 

Tedbhannach, Kings of the two Munsters ; Eossa a ludicrous size in her fairy state, 

lluadh, son of Fcarghus, King of Leinster; Oi- u Eochaidh Aireamh Keating says that he 

lioll, who was married to Meadhbh, the mo- received the cognomen of Aireamh, " the Grave- 

narch's daughter, King of Connaught. Flann digger," because he was the first who had a 

synchronises Fearghus, son of Leide, with Oc- grave dug in Ireland. " Aireamh ideo dictus, 

tavianus Augustus See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, quod tumulos effodi primus in Hibernia cura- 

part iii. c. 43. This monarch had three sons, verit." Lynch. 

Breas, Nar, and Lothar, commonly called the Contemporary with Eochaidh was Fearghus 

three Finns of Eamhain; and six daughters, Mac Roich, King of Ulster, who being de- 

Mumhain, Eile, Meadhbh, Deirdre, Clothra, and throned by Conchobhar Mac Nessa, fled to Con- 

Eithne, of whom strange stories are told in an- naught, and placed himself under the protection 

cient Irish manuscripts ; but of all his children of Oilioll and Meadhbh, king and queen of that 

by far the most celebrated was Meadhbh or Mab, province, and, having procured their aid, he 

who is still remembered as the queen of the commenced hostilities with Ulster, which were 

fairies of the Irish, and the Queen Mab of Spen- vigorously carried on for seven years. This war 

ser'sFaery Queen, in which this powerful virago, between Ulster and Connaught is described in 

queen and quean of Connaught, is diminished to the Irish work called Tain Bo Cuailgne, and 



5069-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 89 

The Age of the World, 5069. Eochaidh Feidhleach, son of Finn, son of 
Finnlogha, after having been twelve years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died 
at Teamhair [Tara]. 

The Age of the World, 5070. The first year of Eochaidh Aireamh (bro- 
ther of Eochaidh Feidhleach) in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5084. Eochaidh Aireamh 11 , after having been 
fifteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was burned by Sighmall, at Freamh- 
ainn". 

The Age of the World, 5085. The first year of Ederscel, son of Oilioll, 
as king over Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5089. Ederscel, son of Eoghan, son of Oilioll, after 
having been five years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain byNuadhaNeacht, 
at Aillinn*. 

The Age of the World, 5090. Nuadha Neacht", son of Sedna Sithbhaic, 
after having spent half a year in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell in the battle 
of Cliach, in Ui Drona 1 , by Conaire Mor. The half year of the joint reign of 
Clann-Eimhir-Finn, being added to this half year of Nuadha Neacht, completes 
ninety and five thousand years of the age of the world. 

The Age of the World, 5091. The first year of Conaire Mor, son of 
Ederscel, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

other romantic tales, in which the extraordinary applied to a lofty hill rising over the western 

valour of the heroes of the Craebh Ruadh, or shore of Loc Uaip, anglice Lough Owel, in the 

Red Branch, in Ulster, and of the Firbolgic sept townland of Wattstown, parish of For tlemon, 

of Connaught called the Gamanradians of Irras, and county of Westmeath. See the Ordnance 

are blazoned with poetical exaggerations. Among Map of that county, sheet 11. The Annals of 

the former was Conall Cearnach, the ancestor of Clonmacnoise give this monarch a reign of 

O'More, and Cuchullainn, called by the annalist twenty-five years. The Leabhar-Gabhala of the 

Tigernach, " fortissimus heros Scotorum ;" and O'Clerys, p. 1 30, states that Sighmall dwelt at 

among the latter was Ceat Mac Magach, the bro- Sidh-Neannta, which was the ancient name of 

ther of Oilioll, King of Connaught, and Ferdia Mullaghshee, near Lanesborough, in the county 

MacDamain, the bravest of the Firbolgic cham- ofRoscommon. 

pions of Irras, who was slain by Cuchullainn in * Aillinn See A. M. 4169. 

single combat. See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part y Nuadha Neacht : i. e. Nuadha the Snow- 

iii. cc. 46, 47, 48 ; and Dr. O'Conor's Prolegom. white. " Is inde sortitus agnomen Neacht quod 

ad Annales, pp. xii. xiii. xiv. xv. nivi (quam neacJit significatione refert) cutis 

w Freamhainn Keating places this in Teab- candore non cesserit." Lynch. 

tha. It is now called, anglice, Frewin, and is * Cliach, in Ui-Drona : i. e. in the barony of 

N 



90 



a Rioghachca 



[5160. 



Qoip Domain, cuicc mile ceo peapcca. lap mbfic pfchcmogac bliabam 
hi pije nGpeann DO Conaipe TT16p, mac Gcippceoil, DO pocaip hi mbpuijin Da 
Dfp5 la oibeapjaib. Op a pplaic Conaipe DO cuipeab an muip copcap 506 
bliaona pa rip i nlnbfp Colpa DO ponnpaO. Oo gebci beop cna lomaip pop 
bhomD-j bhuaip ppia linn. No biooh na cfcpa jan corhoa a nGpinn ina 
plaic, ap meo an cpioba -] an caencorhpaic. Nip bo coipneac ambcionach a 
plaic, ap nf bmnjeaD gaoc caipce a hmolib 6 mfoon pojhmaip 50 mfbon 
Gappaij. Suaill na peacDaoip na peaoha Daibble a meapa ppia linn. 

Qoip Domain, cuicc mile ceo peapcca a haon. Qn ceD bliabain oGpinn 
jan pfjh lap cConaipe. 

Qoip Domain cuig mile ceD peapcca ape. Qn ceiD bliaDain Do CughaiD 
Spiab nofpcc hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Domain, cuig mile ceD nochac a haon. lap mbfic pe bliaDna pichfc 
hi pighe nGpeann DO CujhaiD Spiab nofpcc ac bach DO cumaD. 

Qoip oomain, cuig mile ceo nochac aoo. Qon bliaDain DO Concubap 



Idrone, and county of Carlow. After the fall of 
Nuadha and the defeat of his people, Conaire 
levied a fine on the people of Leinster for the 
killing of his father, and they resigned by a 
solemn treaty to the kings of Munster that 
tract of Ossory extending from Gowran to 
Grian Ogygia, part iii. c. 44. 

" Bruighean-da-Dhearg Otherwise called 
Bruighean-da-Bhearga. This place is described 
in Leabhar-na-h- Uidhri, as situated on the River 
Dothair, now the Dodder, near Dublin. A part 
of the name is still preserved in Bothar-na- 
Bruighne, i. e. the road of the Bruighean, or 
fort, a well-known place on that river. Flann 
synchronizes Eochaidh Feidhleach, Eochaidh 
Aireamh, Ederscel, Nuadha Neacht, and Conaire, 
with Julius Caesar and Octavianus Augustus. He 
extends the reign of Conaire over those of the 
Roman emperors Tiberius, Caligula, and Clau- 
dius. The fort or palace of King Canaire was 
burnt by Aingcel Caech, and other desperadoes, 
whom he had expelled Ireland on account of their 
riots and depredations See Ogygia, part iii. c. 45. 



b Reign of Conaire. The Annals of Clonmac- 
noise give this monarch a reign of sixty years, 
and add, " Jesus Christ was crucified in his 
time." The Irish writers usually ascribe the 
peace and plenty of the reigns of their monarchs 
to the righteousness of these monarchs ; but the 
peace, plenty, and happiness of this particular 
reign, O'Flaherty and others attribute to the 
presence of the Redeemer on earth, when he 
breathed the same air with man, and walked in 
human form among them See Ogygia, part iii. 
c. 45. We have, however, no evidence of the 
prosperity of the reign of Conaire older than 
the twelfth century, and it is to be suspected 
that the account of the happiness of Ireland 
during his reign is a mere invention of Christian 
writers, for the Irish writers do not at all agree 
as to the reign in which the Redeemer was born. 
In the Annals of Clonmacnoise it is stated that 
some " affirm that Jesus Christ, 4he only be- 
gotten Son of God Almighty, was born of the 
spotless Virgin Mary, about the twenty-sixth 
year of the reign of Faghtna Fahagh ; Connor, 



5160.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND, 



91 



The Age of the World, 5160. Conaire, son of Ederscel, after having been 
seventy years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain at Bruighean-da-Dhearg", 
by insvtrgents. It was in the reign of Conaire" that the sea annually cast its 
produce ashore, at lnbhear-Colptha c . Great abundance of nuts were [annually] 
found upon the Boirm [Boyne] and the Buais" during his time. The cattle 
were without keepers in Ireland in his reign, on account of the greatness of the 
peace and concord. His reign was not thunder-producing or stormy, for the 
wind did not take a hair off the cattle from the middle of Autumn to the mid- 
dle of Spring. Little but the trees bent from the greatness of their fruit during 
his time. 

The Age of the World, 5161. The first year of Ireland without a king, 
after Conaire. 

The Age of the World, 5166. The first year of Lughaidh Sriabh-ndearg 
in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5191. Lughaidh Sriabh-ndearg 8 , after having been 
twenty-six years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died of grief. 

The Age of the World, 5192. Conchobhar Abhradhruadh f , son of Finn 



the son of the said Faghtna, being King of 
Ulster, and Oilell mac Eosse King of Con- 
naught." Keating, however, says that Christ 
was born in the twelfth year of the reign of 
Crimhthann Niadhnair, an incestuous offspring, 
of whom such disgusting stories are told that 
we are very willing to regard him as not having 
breathed the same air with the Redeemer. The 
heroes of the Red Branch who flourished during 
this and the preceding reigns are much celebrated 
by the Irish writers. 

c Inbhear-Colptha This was and is still the 

name of the mouth of the River Boyne. 

d Buais Now the River Bush, in the north 

of the county of Antrim. 

e Lughaidh Sriabh-nDearg : i. e. Lughaidh of 
the Red Circles. Keating says he was so called 
because he was marked with red circles round 
his body, a fact which he accounts for by a very 
repulsive legend which O'Flaherty (Ogygia, 






part iii. c. 49) has proved to be an idle fiction. 
According to the Annals of Clonmacnoise " he 
reigned 25 years, and died of a conceipt he took" 
[grief] " of the death of his wife Dervorgil." 
Flann says that this monarch died in the fifth 
year of the Emperor Vespasian. 

f Conchobhar Abhradhruadh: i.e. Conchobhar, 
or Conor, of the Reddish Eyelashes, or Eye- 
brows. 

" Supercilia Conchauri rufa cognomentum 
Abhraruadh illi fecerunt, abhra enim supercilia, 
et ruadh rufus significat." Lynch. 

The Annals of Tighernach agree with the 
Four Masters in giving this monarch a reign of 
only one year, namely, the 5th of Vespasian, 
i. e. A. D. 74. /From this Dr. O'Conor con- 
cludes that those Irish writers err who place 
the birth of Christ in the reign of Crimhthann 
Niadhnair. See his Prolegom. ad Annales, p. li. 
and from p. Ixxvii. to p. Ixxx. 

2 



92 QNNaca Rio^hachca eiReaww. [5193. 

CtbpaopuaD, mac pmn pilfb, mic ttoppa Ruaib, mic F f P5 u r a F ai PT>5 e I" 
pijhe nGpeann 50 ccopchaip la Cpiorhcann, mac Luijbeach Spiab nofpcc. 

Qoip Domain, cuig mile ceo nochac a cpf. Qn ceiD bliaDain Do Cpiom- 
rann Niabnaip,mac Luisbeach, hi pie nGpeann. 

Chip Domain, cuicc mile ceo nocha a cfcaip. Cln Dapa bliabam Do 
Cpiomrann. 



OQO1S CR1OSU. 

Qn ceo bliabam oaoip CpfopD,-| an coccmab bliabain DO pighe Cpiom- 
rainn Niaonaip. 

doip Cpiopc, a naoi. d f e Decc DO Cpiomrann hi pighe nepeann, 50 nep- 
bailc i nOun Cpiomrainn, i nGoaip, mp rcomeachc Don eachcpa oippbfipc 
popp a noeachaib. Qf Don eachcpa fin cug laif na feoiD aDampa imon 
ccappac nopba, -| imon ppiccill noip, 50 ccpfb cceooib geam gloiniDe innce, -| 
imon cCeDaij cCpiomcainn,lene paineamail ipiDe co mbpeachcpab opba. Oo 
bfpc cloibfrii cacbuabach co niolap nairpeach DO maip oip aichleajcha ap 
na pionnab ann, pciach co mbocoiDib aipgic aenjil, pleagh Da nac cepnooh 
ofn no gonca 61, caball ap nach ceillccci upcop niompaill, i Da coin 50 

Niadhnair Dr. O'Conor translates this patriam retulit, nempe currum aureum ; alveo- 

cognomen miles verecundus ; and O'Flaherty un- lum lusorium ex auro, trecentas splendentes 

derstands it to mean " husband of Nair ;" but gemmas pro scrupis habentem ; Phrigium in- 

Keating gives it a far different interpretation : dusium auro intextum; ensem capulo deaurato 

" Tracto cognomine aboriginis pudore, nam-/Vza sculp turarum varietate decoratum cui ea vis 

perinde est ac pugil, et nair ac pudibundus : inerat, ut semper victoriam retulerit ; scutum 

etenim ille niaximo profundebatur pudore, quod baccis argenteis coelatum ; lanceam vulnus im- 

de matris ac filii coitu genitus fuerit." Lynch. medicabile semper infligentem ; fundum a scopo 

k Dun-Cnmhthainn : i. e. Crimhthann's Fort, nunquam aberrantem ; duos canes venaticos 

This fort was situated on the hill of Howth, and ligamine argentes astrictos quod centum cum- 

its site is occupied by the Bailie's lighthouse. hala" [ancillis] " estimatum est ; cum multis 

' Wonderful jewels. The account of this ex- aliis." p. 126. 

pedition is given by Keating nearly in the same The Leabhar-Gabhala of the O'Clerys contains 

words as by the Four Masters, and the passage is a poem of seventy- two verses, ascribed to King 

translated into Latin by Dr. Lynch, as follows: Crimhthann himself, in which he describes the 

" Cremthonus ille paulo ante mortem ab ex- precious articles he brought into Ireland on this 

peditione reversus insignia quasdam eimelia in occasion. It begins, fflu Do cooh an eachcpa 



5193.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



93 



File, son of Rossa Ruadh, son of Fearghus Fairrghe, was one year in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland, when he was slain by Crimhthann, son of Lughaidh Sriabh- 
ndearg. 

The Age of the World, 5193. The first year of Crimhthann Niadhnair, 
son of Lughaidh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of the World, 5194. The second year of Crimhthann. 



OF THE AGE OF CHRIST. 

The first year of the age of Christ, and the eighth year of the reign of 
Crimhthann Niadhnair 8 . 

The Age of Christ, 9. The sixteenth year of Crimhthann in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland* when he died at Dun-Crimhthainn h , at Edair, after returning 
from the famous expedition upon which he had gone. It was from this expe- 
dition he brought with him the wonderful jewels', among which were a golden 
chariot, and a golden chess-board, [inlaid] 'with a hundred transparent gems, 
and the Cedach-Crimhthainn k , which was a beautiful cloak, embroidered with 
gold. He brought a conquering sword, with many serpents of refined massy 
gold inlaid in it ; a shield, with bosses of bright silver ; a spear, from the wound 
inflicted by which no .one recovered ; a sling, from which no erring shot was 



n-an: i. e. "fortunate" [it was] "that I went on 
the delightful adventure." But no mention is 
made of the countries into which he went. It 
is fabled that he was accompanied on this expe- 
dition by his Bainleannan, or female sprite, 
named Nair, from whom he was ca]led"*Niadh 
Nairi, i. e. Nair's hero, which is a far more ro- 
mantic explanation of the name than that dis- 
gusting one given by Keating, obviously from 
some Munster calumniator of the race of Here- 
mon. The following notice of this expedition 
of King Crimhthann is given in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise ; but it would appear to have 
been interpolated by Mageoghegan, who evi- 
dently had a copy of a romantic tale of Crimh- 



thann's adventure : 

"It is reported that he was brought by a 
fairy lady into her palace, where, after great 
entertainment bestowed upon him, and after 
they took their pleasure of one another by 
carnal knowledge, she bestowed a gilt coach 
with a sum of money on him as love-token ; 
and soon after he died." 

O'Flaherty says that this Nair was King 
Crimhthann's queen See Ogygia, p. 294. 

k Cedach-Crimliihainn Michael O'Clery ex- 
plains the word cfeoac by bpac (a cloak) in his 
Glossary, and adduces the Ceoac Cpiorhcamii 
as an example. From this it is evident that this 
cloak was celebrated in Irish romantic stories. 



94 



[10. 



plabpab ngeal apccaio fcoppa. 17o bpiii ceo curhal an plabpab hipin maille 
le rnopan Do peDoib oile. 

Goip Cpiopr, a oeich. Qn ceo bliaoain DO jiije Caipppe Cmncaic, mp 
mapbaD na paopclann DO cen mocha uarab cepna ap an opcoin in po hoprab 
na huaiple tap na hQireachruachoib. CtnaD na cpf paoip acpullacup 
uacha an lonbaib pin. pepaDhac pionnpfchcnach, occdo pfol cCumn CeOr 
cachaij, Ciobpaioe Uipeach, occdo Odl nGpaibe, -| Copb Olum, occdo 
piogpaib 6ojanachca hi TTluTfiain. Ctgup cmh iaDpi6e bd hi mbponnaib a 
mairpeac luibpioc caipip. 6aine injfn pij Ctlban ba macaip opeapabach 
pionnpfccnach, Cpuipe injfn pfjh bpfcan macaip Cuipb Oluim, -] Qine mjfn 
pfgh Sa^an mdraip Uiobpaioe Opigh. 



1 Cairbre Cinncait : i. e. Cairbre the Cat- 
headed. Keating states that he was so called 
because he had ears like those of a cat. In the 
Leabhar-Gabhala of the O'Clerys a more de- 
tailed account of the murder of the Milesian 
nobility by the Firbolgic plebeians is given, of 
which the following is a literal translation : 

" The Attacotti of Ireland obtained great sway 
over the nobility, so that the latter were all cut 
off, except those who escaped the slaughter in 
which the nobles were exterminated by the At- 
tacots. The Attacotti afterwards set up Cairbre 
Caitcheann, one of their own race, as their king. 
These are the three nobles that escaped from this 
massacre, namely: Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach, 
from whom are descended the race of Conn of the 
Hundred Battles ; Tibraide Tireach, from whom 
are the Dal- Araidhe ; and Corb Olum, from whom 
are the nobles of the race ofEimhearFinn. These 
sons were in their mother's wombs when they 
escaped from the massacre of Magh-Cro, in Con- 
naught ; and each of the three queens went re- 
spectively over sea. Baine, the daughter of 
the king of Alba, was the mother of Fearadhach ; 
Cruife, the daughter of the king of Britain, was 
the mother of Corb Olum, who was otherwise 
called Deirgtheine ; and Aine, the daughter of 
. the king of Saxony, was the mother of Tipraide 



Tireach. Evil, indeed, was the condition of 
Ireland in the time of this Cairbre, for the 
earth did not yield its fruits to the Attacotti 
after the great massacre which they had made 
of the nobility of Ireland, so that the corn, 
fruits, and produce of Ireland were barren ; for. 
there used to be but one grain upon the stalk, 
one acorn upon the oak, and one nut upon the 
hazel. Fruitless were her harbours; milkless 
her cattle; so that a general famine prevailed 
over Ireland during the five years that Cairbre 
was in the sovereignty. Cairbre afterwards 
died, and the Attacotti offered the sovereignty of 
Ireland to Morann, son of Cairbre. He was a 
truly intelligent and learned man, and said that 
he would not accept of it, as it was not his he- 
reditary right; and, moreover, he said that the 
scarcity and famine would not cease until they 
should send for the three legitimate heirs, to the 
foreign countries" [where they were], " namely, 
Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach, Corb Olum, and Ti- 
braide Tireach, and elect Fearadhach as king, for 
to him it was due, because his father" [the last 
monarch] " had been killed in the massacre we 
have mentioned, whence his mother, Baine, had 
escaped. This was done at Morann's suggestion, 
and it was to invite Fearadhach to be elected 
king that Morann sent the celebrated Udhacht 



10.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



discharged ; and two greyhounds, with a silver chain between them, Avhich chain 
was worth three hundred cumhals ; with many other precious articles. 

The Age of Christ, 10. The first year of the reign of Cairbre Cinncait 1 , after 
he had killed the nobility, except a few who escaped from the massacre in which 
the nobles were murdered by the Aitheach Tuatha m . These are the three nobles 
who escaped from them at that time : Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach", from whom 
are [sprung] all race of Conn of the Hundred Battles ; Tibraide Tireach , from 
whom are the Dal-Araidhe ; and Corb Olum p , from whom are the kings of the 
Eoghanachts, in Minister". And as to these, it was in their mothers' wombs 
they escaped. Baine, daughter of the king of Alba, was the mother of Fear- 
adhach Finnfeachtnach ; Cruife, daughter of the king of Britain, was the mother 
of Corb Olum ; and Aine, daughter of the king of Saxony, was the mother of 
Tibraide Tireach. 



ot Testament. The nobles were afterwards sent 
for, and the Attacotti swore by Heaven and 
Earth, the Sun, Moon, and all the elements, 
that they would be obedient to them and their 
descendants, as long as the sea should surround 
Ireland 4 . They then came to Ireland and settled, 
each in his hereditary region, namely, Tipraide 
Tireach, in the east of Ulster ; Corb Olum in 
the south, over Munster ; and Fearadhach Finn- 
feachtnach, at Teamhair of the Kings." Page 
134. 

After this follows, in this work, an anonymous 
poem of forty-eight verses on the massacre of the 
Milesian nobility at Magh-Cro, where they were 
entertained at a feast by the Aitheach- Tuatha 
or plebeians, and on the restoration of the lawful 
heir. It begins "Soepclcmna Gpeann uile," 
" the nobles of Ireland all." 

A detailed account of this massacre of the 
Milesian nobility at Magh-Cro, near Knoekmaa, 
in the county of Galway, is preserved in a ma- 
nuscript in the Library of Trin. Coll. Dublin, 
H. 3, 18. It is entitled 6puiean na n-diceac 
Cuaca, i. e. the Palace of the Attacotti. 

m Aitheach- Tuatha This name, usually latin- 
ized Attacotti, is interpreted Giganteam-Gentem 



by Dr. O'Conor (Prolog, i. 74), but " Plebei- 
orum hominum genus," by Dr. Lynch and 
others. They were the descendants of the 
Firbolgs and other colonies, who were treated 
as a servile and helot class by the dominant 
Scoti See reign of Niall Naeighiallach. 

n Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach: i. e. Fearadhach 
Finn, the Righteous. " peaccnoc .1. ptpenca." 
O'Clery. Conn of the Hundred Battles, the 
ancestor of the most distinguished families of 
Ulster and Connaught, was the fourth in descent 
from him ; but the royal family of Leinster is 
not descended from him, so that their ancestor 
also escaped this massacre. 

Tibraide Tireach. He was king of Ulster 
for thirty years and ancestor of Magennis, Mac 
Artan, and other families of the east of Ulster ; 
but there are other chieftain families of the 
race of Rudhraighe, not descended from him, as 
O'More of Leix, O'Conor Kerry, and O'Conor 
Corcomroe. 

p Corb Olum He was otherwise called 

Deirgtheine, and from him Oilioll Olum, King 
of Munster, and ancestor of the most powerful 
families of Munster, was the fourth in descent. 

' Eoghanachts, in Munster He is also the 



Rioghachca eiReaNN. [14. 



Qoip Cpiope, a cfeaip oecc. lap mbfie 0615 bliaona hi pighe nGpeann 
DO Chaipbpe CaiccfnD debar. Olc cpa po bof Gpe ppm peirhiuppiom, 
aimbpich a hioch, ap ni bioo ace en 5 pdine ap an cconall, eccopehach a 
hinbip, oiopcc a cfepa, nfimlionmap a mfp, ap ni biob ace aen ofpc ap an 

palaij. 

TTlac Don Caipbpe hifin an TTlopann moipeolach ppip a paice TTlopann 

mac TDaoin. 

Qoip Cpiope, a cuig Decc. Qn ceD bliaDam DpfpaDach pionnpfchcnach 
na pish op Gpinn. TTlaich epa po po boi 6ipe ppia linnpiom. Roboap cfpca 
puaimnfch na piona. Cuipmip an calam a copao. lapccmap na hinbiopa, 
blfchcmapa na buaip, ceanncpom na coillce. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpioca a pe. lap ccaicfrh Da bliaDam ap pichicc hi pishe 
nGpeann opfpaDach pionopfchcnach, mac Cpiomcainn NiaDndip, po ecc hi 
rUfrhpaij. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpiocha a pechc. Ctn ceo bliaDam opiacach pionD, mac 
Daipe, mic Oluchaij, hi pijhe nGpeanri. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpioca anaoi. lap mbfic cpi bliaona hi pighe nGpeann Don 

ancestor of the equally powerful and numerous aequo ille, vel hie a veritate discederet. Unde 

tribe of Dal-gCais ; but he is not the ancestor vulgari diverbio testium colla Morani anulo 

of the O'Driscolls, so that we must infer that cingi exoptamus." Lynch, p. 128. 

their ancestor escaped this massacre at Magh- This chain is mentioned in several commen- 

Cro. taries on the Brehon Laws, among the ordeals of 

r Morann Mac Maein __ The Leabhar-Gabhala the ancient Irish. Mr. Moore states, in his H in- 

states that, after the inauguration of Fearadhach tory of Ireland, vol. L p. 123, that "the admi- 

as monarch of Ireland, he appointed Morann, son nistration of this honest counsellor succeeded in 

of Cairbre Cinnchait, as his chief brehon or judge, earning for his king the honourable title of the 

That this Morann had a sin or chain called Idh Just;" and that, " under their joint sway the 

Morainn, which, when put around the neck of a whole country enjoyed a lull of tranquillity as 

guilty person, would squeeze him to suffocation, precious as it was rare." But the O'Clerys (ubi 

and, when put about the neck of an innocent per- supra) assert "that Fearadhach proceeded to 

son, would expand so as to reach the earth: extirpate the Aitheach-Tuatha, or to put them 

" Moranus ille Carbri filius, judiciis ferendis under great rent and servitude, to revenge upon 

a Rege adhibitus, observantissimus asquitatis them the evil deed they had committed in mur- 

cultor, anulum habuit ea virtute prseditum, ut dering the nobility of Ireland." p. 135. 

cujus vis judicii sententiam pronuntiaturi, vel Flann synchronizes the Irish monarchs Cairbre 

testis testiraonium prolaturi collo circumdatus > Niadhnair, Cairbre Caitcheann, and Fearadhach 

arete fauces stringeret ; si latum unguem ab Finnfeachtnach, with the Koman emperors Titus 



14.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



97 



The Age of Christ, 14. Cairbre Caitcheann, after having been five years 
in the sovereignty of Ireland, died. Evil was the state of Ireland during his 
reign ; fruitless her corn, for there used to be but one grain on the stalk ; 
fruitless her rivers ; milkless her cattle ; plentiless her fruit, for there used to 
be but one acorn on the oak. 

Son to this Cairbre was the very intelligent Morann, who was usually called 
Morann mac Maein r . 

The Age of Christ, 15. The first year of Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach as 
king over Ireland ; good was Ireland during his time. The seasons were right 
tranquil. The earth brought forth its fruit ; fishful its river-mouths ; milkful 
the kine ; heavy-headed the woods. 

The Age of Christ, 36. Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach, son of Crimhthann 
Niadhnair, after having spent twenty-two years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
died at Teamhair. 

The Age of Christ, 37. The first year of Fiatach Finn, son of Daire, son 
of Dluthach, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 39. This Fiatach Finn* (from whom are the Dal- 



and Domitian, and adds, that Domitian died in 
the reign of Fearadhach. Tigernach totally omits 
Cairbre Cinnchait, as being an usurper. Keat- 
ing makes Cairbre Cinnchait succeed Fiacha 
Finolaidh ; but he is clearly wrong, as shewn 
by Dr. Lynch in his translation of Keating's 
work, in which he writes the following remark 
on the misplacing of this plebeian usurper in 
the regal catalogue: 

" Ad primum Cremthono successorem assig- 
nandum Ketingus ad semitam flectit ab Antiquis 
Historicis minime tritam : nam ille Cremthono 
filium ejusFeradachumFinnfachtnaum: illiCar- 
brium Caticipitem in serie Eegum Hibernise 
ponunt: et hanc sententiam, quos vidi Annales 
Hibernici, omnia metrica Monarcharum Hiber- 
niee alba, et Synchronorum Liber, Psalterio Cas- 
selensi, et Odugenani miscellaneis insertus, et a 
me in illius apographo, et in hujus autographo 
lectus (in quo illorum Principatum, in singulis 



orbis terrarum Monarchiis, qui a Nino ad Ho- 
norium et Arcadium tenuerunt, series texitur, 
Eegibus Hibernife, qui synchroni singulis erant 
allextis) sua comprobatione confirmant ; ut pro- 
inde mirer quid Ketingo mentem immisit, ut 
Carbrium, suo motum ordine, non modo post 
memoratum Feradachum, sed etiam post duos 
ejus successores, in regum nomenclatura collo- 
caret. Liceat igitur eum, inter Hibernice Keges 
eo loco figere, quern illi veterum omnium His- 
toricorum adstipulatio adstruit." p. 127. 

5 Fiatach Finn : i. e. Fiatach the Fair. Flann 
synchronizes Fiatach Finn and Fiacha Finno- 
laidh with Trajan, the Roman emperor. Tigher- 
nach, who makes Fiacha Finnolaidh succeed his 
father, Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach, does not 
mention this Fiatach Finn as monarch of Ire- 
land. He only makes him reign king of E mania, 
or Ulster, for sixteen years, and this seems 
correct, though it may have happened that he 



98 aNwaca Rio^hachca eiReaNN. [40. 

piacach pionn po (o ccao Dal ppiacach i nUlraib) DO pocaip la piacha 

pionnpolaib. 

CCoip Cpiopr, cfrpaca bliaDam. Qn ceo bliaDain DO pighe piachach 

pionnpolaiD op Gpinn. 

Qoip Cpiopr, caoga a pe. lap mbfic pfchc mbliaDna Decc hi pijhe 
nGpeann opiachaio pionnpolaiD po mapbab e lap ra coiccfochaib cpe 
corhaiple na nGicfchcuach i nopccam TTloighe 6olg. QciaD na coicceDhaigh 
lap a ccopchaip. 6lim mac Connpac pf Ula6, Sanb mac Cfic, mic TTlagach, 
pijTi Connacc, poipbpe mac pine pf TTluman, i GochaiD Gincfno pi Laijfn. 
Nf paipjoibpiom DO cloinn achcmaD aen mac boi hi mbpoinn Grne injfn pf 
Glban, Uuaral aoacomnaic. 

Qoip Cpiopc, caocca peachr. Qn ceo bba&ain DO pighe Glim mic 
Conpac. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, pfchcmojac a pe. lap mbfic piche bliaDam hi pije op 
Gpinn oGlim mac Conpach DO pochaip hi ccarh Ctichle la Uuachal Ufchc- 
map. Oo pao Dia Diojla hi caonaiD a mijnfom pop Girfchcuaroib ppi 
pfimiup Glim ipm pfje .1 Gpe Do bfiu gan loch, gan bliochc, jan mfp, 5011 
lapcc,-] jan nac mopmaic aile, o po mapbpac Gichfchruanha piacha pionn- 
ola6 inD opgain TTloije 6olg 50 pe Uhuacail Ufchcmaip. 

Ctoip Chpipr, ceo a pe. lap mbfich cpiocha blia&am hi pighe nGpeann 
DO Uuachal 'Cfchcmap copcaip la TTlal mac TCocpaiDe pi Ula6 hi TTloigh 

was a more powerful man than the legitimate the south-east of the county of Cavan, and ex- 
sovereign, tending into Meath See A. M. 3859. 

* Dal-Fiatach : i e. the tribe or race of Fia- * Aichitt. Also written Achaill. According 

tach Finn. This was a warlike tribe seated in to all the copies of the Dinnsenchus, this was 

the present county of Down. In the twelfth the ancient name of the hill of Skreen, near 

century Mac Donlevy, who offered such brave Tara, in the county of Meath See O'Flaherty's 

opposition to Sir John De Courcy, was the head Ogygia, part iii. c. 45. Flann synchronizes Elim 

of this family. and his successor Tuathal with the Roman Em- 

"FiachaFinnfholaid/i: i.e. Fiacha of the white peror Adrian. The Annals of Clonmacnoise 

Cattle. " A'candore quo Hiberniaj boves, illo agree with the Four Masters, giving him a reign 

Rege, insignabantur, cognomen illud adeptus : of twenty years. 

Finn enim candorem, et olaidh bovem, signifi- Tuathal Teachtmhar: i.e. Tuathal the Legi- 

cat." Lynch, p. 129. The Annals of Clonmac- timate. Flann synchronizes this monarch with 

noise give this Fiacha a reign of only seven years, the Roman Emperor, Adrian; and Tighernach, 

w Magh-bolg. Now Moybolgue, a parish in who gives him a reign of thirty years, says that 



40.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 99 

Fiatach' in Uladh), after having been three years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
was slain by Fiacha Finnfolaidh. 

The Age of Christ, 40. The first year of the reign of Fiacha Finnfolaidh 
over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 56. Fiacha Finnfolaidh", after having been seventeen 
years in the. sovereignty of Ireland, was killed by the provincial kings, at the 
instigation of the Aitheach-Tuatha, in the slaughter of Magh-bolg. These 
were the provincial kings by whom he was killed : Elim, son of Conra, King 
of Ulster ; Sanbh, son of Ceat Mac Magach, King of Connaught ; Foirbre, son 
of Fin, King of Munster ; and Eochaidh Aincheann, King of Leinster. He left 
of children but one son only, who was in the womb of Eithne, daughter of the 
King of Alba [Scotland]. Tuathal was his [the son's] name. 

The Age of Christ, 57. The first year of the reign of Elim, son of Conra. 

The Age of Christ, 76. Elim, son of Conra, after having been twenty years 
in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain in the battle of Aichill*, by Tuathal 
Teachtmhar. God took vengeance on the Aitheach-Tuatha for their evil deed, 
during the time that Elim was in the sovereignty, namely, Ireland was without 
corn, without milk, without fruit, without fish, and without every other great 
advantage, since the Aitheach-Tuatha had killed Fiacha Finnolaidh in the 
slaughter of Magh-Bolg, till the time of Tuathal Teachtmhar. 

The Age of Christ, 106 ; Tuathal Teachtmhar y , after having been thirty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was skin by Mai, son of Rochraidhe, King 

he was slain in the last year of Antoninus Pius or Attacotti, of Ireland, whom he reduced to 
by Mai. Now Adrian reigned from the death obedience in the various provinces ; of his for- 
of Trajan, A. D. 117 to A. D. 138, when he was mation of Meath as mensal lands for the mo- 
succeeded by Antoninus Pius, who reigned till narchy ; and of his having celebrated the Feis- 
161. Therefore Tuathal's death occurred in Teamhrach, at which the princes and chieftains 
1 60, which shews that the chronology of the of the kingdom assembled, who all swore by the 
Four Masters is antedated by many years. sun, moon, and all the elements, visible and in- 
The Annals of Clonmacnoise, the Leabhar- visible, that they would never contest the sove- 
Gdbhala of the O'Clerys, Keating's History of reignty of Ireland with him or his race ; of his 
Ireland, the Book of Lecan, and various other having established solemn conventions atTlacht- 
ancient and modern authorities, too numerous gha, Uisneach, and Tailltinn, &c. ; imposed a fine 
to be here particularized, contain detailed ac- on the King of Leinster called the Borumha- 
counts of 1 33 battles fought by him in the dif- Laighean, which, was paid by the Leinstermen 
ferent provinces, against the Aitheach-Tuatha, during the reigns of forty monarchs of Ireland. 

o2 



100 



[107- 



Line, hi TTlom in caca, i nOal QpaiDe an bail ap a mbpuchc Ollap -\ Ollapba 
an Da abumn. Ceanngubha amm an cnuic in po mapbaD pom peb oeapbup 

an pann : 

Ollap -| Ollapba, 

Ceann guba cpiachach ruacach, 
nibDap anmonoa 5011 abbap, 
an la DO mapbab Uuarhal. 

Ctjijp arhail ap pubpaD bfop, 

diacal Diap ppine pfponn, 
plair TTliDe milib jalann, 
jaocra plair Ppfmann pinne 
hi pe cnuic 5^ nt)e an 5 a ^ anr)< 

Goip Chpipr, ceo a peace. Qn ceo bliaDain DO TTIal, mac Rocpaibe, 
mic Cacbaba, hi pije nGpeann. 

Qoip Chpipr, ceD a Deic. lap mbeic ceirpe bliaona na pij op GpinD Do 
ITlal, mac T?ocpai6e, DO ceap la peiDlimiD Reccmap. 




There is a very curious Irish tract on the ori- 
ginal imposition and final remittance of this 
Borumha, or Cow-tribute, preserved in thexBook 
of Lecan, and another copy of it in a vellum 
manuscript in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, H. 2. 18, which has been prepared for 
publication by the Irish Archaeological Society. 
The yearly amount of this tribute is stated as 
follows, in the Annals of Clonmacnoise : 

" One hundred and fifty cows ; one hundred 
and fifty hoggs; one hundred and fifty cover- 
letts, or pieces of cloth to cover beds withal ; 
one hundred and fifty caldrons, with two passing 
great caldrons consisting in breadth and deep- 
ness five fists, for the king's own brewing; one 
hundred and fifty couples of men and women in 
servitude, to draw water on their backs for the 
said brewing ; together with one hundred and 
fifty maids, with the king of Leinster's own 
daughter, in like bondage and servitude." 

The most ancient authority for the battles 



CAMPBELL 
COLLECTIO* 



of Tuathal is in a poem by Maelmura Othna, 
beginning " Cpiac op cpiacaiB Cuaral Ceacc- 
riiap, i. e. Lord over lords was Tuathal Teacht- 
mhar," of which there are various ancient copies 
still preserved. The O'Clerys have inserted into 
their Leabhar-Gdbhdla this poem and two other 
ancient ones on the marriages and deaths of Tua- 
thal's daughters, but without giving the names 
of the authors. 

The two rivers, Ollar and OUarbha The 
names of these rivers are now obsolete, but 
there can be no doubt as to their modern names. 
The Ollar is the Six-mile Water, and the 
OUarbha is the Larne Water. The Larne river 
rises by two heads in the parish of Bally- 
nure ; the Six-mile Water, in the parish of 
Ballycor, a little south-west of Shane's Hill : 
after a course of about 100 perches it becomes 
the boundary between the parish of Kilwaugh- 
ter, as well as between the baronies of Upper 
Glenarm and Upper Antrim. Following the 






107.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



101 



of Ulster, in Magh-Line, at Moin-an-chatha, in Dal-Araidhe, where the two 
rivers, Ollar and Ollarbha 2 , spring. Ceanngubha is the name of the hill on 
which he was killed, as this quatrain proves : 

Ollar and Ollarbha, 

Ceann-gubha", lordly, noble, 

Are not names [given] without a cause, 

The day that Tuathal was killed. 
And as was also said : 

Tuathal, for whom the land was fair, 

Chief of Meath of a thousand heroes, 

Was wounded, that chief of fair Freamhainn", 

On the side of the hill of Gleann-an-Ghabhann c . 

The Age of Christ, 107. The first year of Mai, son of Rochraidhe, in the 
sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 110. After Mai, son of Bochraidhe", had been four 
years king over Ireland, he was slain by Feidhlimidh Rechtmhar. 



direction of a ravine, which runs down the face 
of the hill, it arrives at the townland of Head- 
wood, in Kilwaughter parish, near the place 
where the three baronies of Upper Glenarm, 
Upper Antrim, and Lower Belfast. In this 
townland there is a spot where a branch of the 
Six-mile Water can be turned into the Larne 
river; and here is a large bog, probably the 
Moin-an-chatha, or Battle-bog, mentioned in the 
text, lying between the two rivers. On the 
face of Ballyboley Hill, about a quarter of a 
mile to the west, is a place called Carndoo, and 
here, under the brow of the hill, is a pile con- 
sisting of several huge stones, ranged in an 
irregular circle, the space within being chiefly 
occupied by six upright stones, disposed in 
pairs, and supporting two blocks above five feet 
long, and from two to three feet square, laid 
horizontally upon them See Reeves's Ecclesi- 
astical Antiquities of the Dioceses of Down, Connor, 
and Dromore, p. 268. 



a Ceann-gubha : i. e. Head, or Hill of Grief. 
This is doubtlessly Ballyboley hill, and Tua- 
thal's monument is the pile at Carndoo above 
described. 

b Freamhainn A famous hill, rising over 
Loch Uair, or Lough Owel, near the town of 
Mullingar, in Westmeath. 

Gleann-an-Ghabhann: i. e. the Valley of the 
Smith. This was probably the name of that 
part of the valley of the Six-mile Water nearest 
to Ballyboley hill. 

d Mai, son of Rochraidhe Tighernach does 
not give this Mai as monarch of Ireland, but 
makes Feidhlimidh Eechtmhar immediately suc- 
ceed his father, Tuathal, for nine years; but 
Mai is given as monarch by Flann, who syn- 
chronizes him with Antoninus Pius, and in the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, in which he is said to 
have been contemporaneous with the celebrated 
physician Galen, who flourished from A. D. 143 
to 187. 



102 



[111. 



Ctoip Cpiopc, ceo a haon noecc. Ctn ceiD b'babain DpfiDlmnb TCeccmop, 
mac Uuachail Cechcrhaip, na pigh 0? Gpinn. baine injfn Scail macaip an 
peolimib pi. dp uaiche ammnijrep Cnoc mbdine la hOipsiallaib, ap ip 
ann po haonaichcpi. dp le bfop po clapab Raich TTlop ITIhaighe Cfmhna 
i nUllcoib. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceo anaoi oecc. lap mbfic naoi mbliabna hi pijhe nGpeann 
DpfiDlimib Reachcmap acbail. 

Qoip Chpiopc, ceo piche. Qn ceo bliabam DO Cacaoip TTlop, mac peib- 
limiD Pipupglaip, hi pighe n6peann. 

Qoip Chpiopc, ceo piche aba lap mblich cpi bbabna na pij op Gpinn 
DO Cacaoip TTlop DO ceap la Conn, 1 la Luaishnibh Ceampa, hi jjcac TTloighe 
hQ 5 ha. 

Qoip Chpiopc, ceD piche a cpi. Qn ceio bliaDain Do Conn Ceocachach 
na pij op Gpinn. Ct noiDce jeine Cuinn poppich coicc ppiompoio 50 Ufrhpaij 
na po caiobpfoh piam 50 pin. Qciacc a nanmanna, Slighe Qpail, Sbghe 



e Feidhlimidh Beachtmhar. The author of the 
fourth Life of St. Bridget, published by Colgan, 
in his Trias Thaum., c. i., says that this monarch 
was called Eeachtmor, because he instituted great 
laws, " Reackt enim Scotice Legem sonet." 
Keating says that he was called Beachtmhar, be- 
cause he was the first that established Lex 
talionis in Ireland ; but O'Flaherty says that 
he changed the law of retaliation into a more 
lenient penalty, according to the nature of the 
crime, which penalty is called eruic. Ogygia, 
iii. 57. 

The Book of Lecan, fol. 300, b, places the 
commencement of this monarch's reign in the 
time of M. Aurelius, which agrees with Tigher- 
nach's Annals. Aurelius reigned from A. D. 161 
to 180. 

f Seal. O'Flaherty (Ogygia, part iii. c. 56) 
calls him Seal Balbh, and says that he was 
King of Finland, the inhabitants of which, as 
well as those of Denmark and Norway, were 
called Fomorians by the Irish. 

8 Cnoc-Baine : i. e. Baine's hill. This was 



the. name of a hill situated in the plain of Magh- 
Leamhna, otherwise called Clossach, in Tyrone ; 
but it is now obsolete. 

h Rath-mor, of Magh-Leamhna: i. e.-the Great 
Eath of Magh Leamhna. This was also in Clos- 
sach. See A. M. 3727. 

1 Luaighni of Teamhair A people in Meath, 
the position of whom is determined by a passage 
in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, lib. ii. 
c. 10, which places the church of Domhnach- 
mor-Muighe Echenach in their territory. 

k Magh h-Agha According to the Will of 
Cathaeir Mor, as preserved in the Books of Lecan 
and Ballymote, Cathaeir was slain by the Fian 
or militia of Luaighne in the battle of Tailltin. 
Accordingto the Annals of Clonmacnoise, "King 
Cahier's armie was overthrown and himself 
slaine, and buried near the Eiver of Boyne." 
Dr. O'Conor does not seem to believe that Ca- 
thaeir Mor was monarch of Ireland. See his 
edition of these Annals, p. 76, note. It is 
curious to remark that in about 1000 years 
after this period the descendants of Conn and 



111.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



103 



The Age of Christ, 111. The first year of the reign of Feidhlimidh 
Reach tmhar c , son of Tuathal Teachtmhar, as king over Ireland. Baine, daughter 
of Scal f , was the mother of this Feidhlimidh. It was from her Cnoc-Baine g , in 
Oirghialla, for it was there she was interred. It was by her also Rath-mor, of 
Magh-Leamhna h , in Ulster, was erected. 

The Age of Christ, 119. Feidhlimidh Reachtmhar, after having been nine 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, died. 

The Age of Christ, 120. The first year of Cathaeir Mor, son of Feidh- 
limidh Firurghlais, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 122. Cathaeir Mor, after having been three years king 
over Ireland, was slain by Conn, and the Luaighni of Teamhair', in the battle 
of Magh h-Agha k . 

The Age of Christ, 123. The first year of Conn of the Hundred Battles 
as king over Ireland. The night of Conn's birth were discovered 1 five principal 
roads [leading] to Teamhair, which were never observed till then. These are 



Cathaeir contended for power as fiercely as their 
ancestors, namely, Roderic O'Conor, King of 
Connaught and Monarch 50 BppeapaBpa, i. e. 
cum renitentia, and Dermot Mac Murrough, King 
of Leinster ; for although they could not boast 
of more than one monarch of Ireland in either 
family for a period of at least 1 000 years, still 
did each regard himself as fit for the monarchy 
(the one as already crowned, the other as fit 
to be crowned) ; while O'Neill of Ulster, and 
O'Melaghlin of Meath, looked upon both as 
usurpers. In. the speech said, by Giraldus Cam- 
brensis, to have been delivered by Dermot Mac 
Murrough to his army, he is represented as 
having spoken as follows : 

" Sed si Lageniam quasrit : quoniam alicui 
Connactensium aliquando subjecta fuit: Ea ra- 
tione et nos Connactiam petimus, quia nostris 
aliquoties cum totius Hibernise subditse fuerat 
monarchia." Hibernia Expvgnata, lib. i. c. 8. 

Dermot here alludes to Dermot, son of Do- 
nough, surnamed Maelnambo, who was his great 
great grandfather, and who, according to the 



Annals of Clonmacnoise, was King of Ireland, 
of the Danes of Dublin, and of Wales, in 1069; 
and to Cathaeir More, from whom he was the 
twenty-fourth in descent, for he could boast of 
no other monarch of all Ireland in his family. 
Roderic O'Conor could reckon his own father 
only among the monarchs of his line up to the 
time of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin in the fourth 
century ; for though his ancestor, Brian, was 
the eldest son of this King Eochaidh, yet the 
claims of him and his race were set aside by 
the more warlike race of Niall of the Nine Hos- 
tages, the ancestor of the illustrious family of 
O'Neill, for nearly 1000 years. 

1 Were discovered. This looks as if it was 
believed that these roads sprang into existence 
of their own accord, as if for joy at the birth of 
Conn ; and they are spoken of in this sense by 
Lughaidh O'Clery, in his poetical controversy 
with Teige Mac Dary (see Ogygia, iii. c. 60) ; 
but the probability is that they were finished 
by King Feidhlimidh the Lawgiver on the birth- 
day of his son, Conn. 



104 



[157. 



TTlio6lua6pa, Slfghe Cualann, Slighe TT16p, Sli 5 he Ddla. Slije TT16p cpa 
ap ipiDe epccip Riaoa .1. pabponna Gpeann a Do ecip Chonn -\ Goghan TTlop. 
doip Chpiopc, ceo caocca a peachc. lap mbfich cuij blia6na rpiocha 
hi pi^he nSpeann DO Conn CeDcarhac copcaip la ^lobpaioe Uipeach, mac 
TTlail, mic T?ochpai6e, pi Ulab hi cUuaich Clmpoip. 



m Slighe-Asail. This was a western road ex- 
tending from the hill of Tara, in the direction 
of Loch-Uair (Lough Owel), near Mullingar, in 
Westmeath. A part of this road is distinctly 
referred to in Leabhar-na-h Uidhri (fol. 7, b, a), 
as extending from Dun-na-nAirbhedh to the 
Cross at Tigh-Lomain. 

11 Slighe-Midhluachra This is often men- 
tioned as a road leading into the north of Ire- 
land, but its exact position has not been deter- 
mined. 

Slighe-Cualawh. This extended from Tara 
in the direction of Dublin and Bray ; and its 
position was, perhaps, not very different from 
the present mail-coach road. 

p Slighe-Mor: i. e. the great way or road- 
This was a western line, the position of which 
is determined by the Eiscir-Eiada See note '. 

' Slighe-Dala This was the great south- 
western road of ancient Ireland, extending 
from the southern side of Tara Hill in the di- 
rection of Ossory. The castle of Bealach-mor, 
in Ossory, marks its position in that territory. 
See Bealach-mor Muighe-Dala, A. D. 1580. 

1 The Eiscir-Eiada. This is a continuous line 
of gravel hills, extending from Dublin to Cla- 
rinbridge, in the county of Galway. It is men- 
tioned in ancient Irish manuscripts as extending 
from Dublin to Clonard, thence to Clonmacnoise 
and Clonburren, and thence to Meadhraighe, a 

peninsula extending into the bay of Galway 

Lib. Lecan, fol. 167, a, a, and Circuit of Muir- 
cheartach Mac Neill, pp. 44, 45, note 128. 

This division of Ireland into two nearly equal 
parts, between Conn of the Hundred Battles and 
Eoghan Mor, otherwise called Mogh Nuadhat, 



is mentioned in the Annals of Tighernach, 
A. D. 166 ; but no particulars of the battles or 
cause of dispute between these rivals are given 
by that grave annalist. The writer of Cath 
Maighe-Leana, however, gives a minute account 
of the cause of the dispute, and of the battle, 
which savours much of modern times ; and the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, as translated by Ma- 
geoghegan, contain the following notice of Conn, 
and of the dissension between him and the head 
of the race of Heber, who was king of the 
southern Irish, which also savours strongly of 
modern times. 

" Conn Kedcahagh having thus slain King Ca- 
hire, succeeded himself, and was more 'famous 
than any of his ancestors for his many victories 
and good government. He was called Conn 
Kedcahagh, of" [i. e. from] " a hundred battles 
given" [i. e. fought] " by him in his time. He 
is the common ancestor, for the most part, of the 
north of Ireland, except the Clanna-Rowries, 
and the sept of Luthus, son of Ithus. He had 
three goodly sons, Conly, Criona, and ArtEnear ; 
and three daughters, Moyne" [the mother of 
Fearghus Duibhdeadach, King of Ulster, and 
monarch of Ireland], " Sawe" [Sadhbh or Sab- 
bina], " and Sarad" [the queen of Conaire II]. 
Sawe was married to" [Maicniadh, for whom 
she had Lughaidh Maccon, monarch of Ireland, 
and after his death to Oilioll Olum] " the King 
of Monster, by whom she had many sons, as 
the ancestors of the Macarties, O'Briens, O'Ker- 
vells, O'Mahonies, and divers others of the west" 
[south?] " part of Ireland, by which means they 
have gotten themselves that selected and choice 
name much used by the Irish poets at the time 



157.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



105 



their names : Slighe-Asail m , Slighe-Midhluachra", Slighe-Cualaim , Slighe-Mor p , 
Slighe-Dala q . Slighe-Mor is [that called] Eiscir-Kiada r , i. e. the division-line 
of Ireland into two parts, between Gonn and Eoghan Mor. 

The Age of Christ, 157. Conn of the Hundred Battles, after having been 
thirty-five years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Tibraite Tireach, 
son of Mai, son of Rochraidhe, King of Ulster, at Tuath-Amrois s . 



of their commendations and praises, called Sile 
Sawa, which is as much in English as the Issue 
of Sawe. 

"Owen More, alias Moynod" [Mogh Nuadhat] 
" warred upon him a long time. He was King 
of Monster, and was so strong that he brought 
the king to divide with him, and allow him, 
as his share, from Esker-Riada" [southwards] 
" beginning at" [that part of] " Dublin where- 
upon the High-street is set " [i. e. situated], 
" and extending to Ath-Cleyth Mearie, in Tho- 
mond" [recte in Connaught]. " Owen's share 
was of the south, and of him took the name 
Lehmoye or Moye's half in deale. King Conn's 
share stood of the north part of the said Esker, 
which of him was likewise called Leagh-Conn, 
or Conn's halfe in deale, and they do retain 
these names since. 

" This division of Ireland stood for one year 
after, until Owen More, alias Moynodd, being 
well aided by his brother-in-law, the King of 
Spaine's son, and a great army of Spaniards, 
picked occasion to quarrell and fall out with 
the King for the customs of the Shippings of 
Dublin, alleging that there came more shipps 
of King Conn's side, then" [tjian] " of his 
side, and that he would needs have the customs 
in common between them, which King Conn 
refused ; whereupon they were encensed migh- 
tily against each other, and met, with their two 
great armies, at the plains and Heath of Moy- 
lena, in the territory of Fercall, where the ar- 
mies of Owen More were overthrown, himself 
and Fregus, the King of Spaine's son, slain, and 



afterwards burried in two little Hillocks, now 
to be seen at the said plains, which, as some 
say, are the tombs of the said Owen and Fregus. 

" The King having thus slain and vanquished 
his enemies, he reigned peaceably and quietly 
twenty years, with great encrease and plenty 
of all good things among his subjects through- 
out the whole kingdom, so as all, in general, 
had no want, until the King's brothers, Eochie 
Finn and Fiagha Swye, seeing the King had 
three goodly sons, Art, Conly, and Criona, 
which were like to inherit the Crown after 
their father's death, sent privy message to Ti- 
prady Tyreagh, son of King Mall Mac Eochrye, 
who was slain by Felym Keaghtwar, the said 
King Conn's father ; whereupon the said Ti- 
bradie, with a very willing heart, came up to 
Taragh, accompanied with certain other male- 
factors, assaulted the King at unawares, and 
wilfully killed him, on Tuesday, the 20th of 
October, in Anno 172 [recte 173], in the 100th 
year of the King's age, as he was making great 
preparations towards the great Feast of Taragh, 
called Ffeis-Taragh, which yearly, onHollantide, 
and for certain days after, was held." 

s Tuath-Amrois. Not identified. It must 
have been the name of a district very near the 
hill of Tara, as King Conn was murdered while 
making preparations for the Feis Teamrach, ac- 
cording to the older authorities. 

Flann synchronizes Feidhlimidh Reachtmhar, 
Cathaeir Mor, and Conn of the Hundred Battles, 
with M. Aurelius ; and says that Conn Cedcha- 
thach gained the battle of Maghlena in the reign 



106 



Rioghachca 



[158. 



doip Chpipc, ceo caocca a hocc. Qn ceiD bliaoam DO Conaipe, mac 
TTlooha Cama, hi pi^he uap 6pinn. 

Ctoip Chpiopc, ceo peapcca a 01115. lap mbfich ochc mblia6na hi pighe 
nGpeann ooChonaipe, mac TTloba Cama, copcaip la Nfirhio mac Spuibginn. 
Cpi meic laip an cConaipe hipin, Coipbpe TTlupcc, 6 paicfp TTlupccpaije, 
Caipppe bapcain, o ccd6 baipcmj; hi cCopca baipccinn, -\ Caipppe Piaca, 

bpuilic Odl Riaca. SapaiD injion Cuinn Ceocachaij machaip na mac 
pa Conaipe, mic TTIoDha Lamha. 

'doip Chpipc, ceo peapcca ape. Ctn ceo b'liabam DO pighe Ctipc, mic 

t." 

Cuinn CeDcachaij. 

CloipCpiopr, ceo ochcmogac ape. Q haon picfc oQpr, mac Cuinn CeD- 
cachaij, hi pije nGpeaTin. Cach Cmo peabpac pia macaib Oiliolla Quluim, 

1 piap na rpi Coipbpib (clann Conaipe, mic TTloba Lama .i.Caipbpe TTIupcc, 
Caipppe Riaoa -| Caipppe bapcain) pop Oaoepa Dpai, pop NerhiD mac 



of Connnodus. See Dr. O'Conor's Prolegomena, 
pp. xi. xii. xvii. 

c Cairbre Muse. He was the ancestor of all 
the tribes called Muscraighe, in Munster, as 
Muscraighe-Breogain, now the barony of Clan- 
william, in the south-west of the county of 
Tipperary ; Muscraighe-Mitine, now the barony 
of Muskerry, in the county of Cork ; and Mus- 
craighe-Thire, now the baronies of Upper and 
Lower Ormond, in the north of the county of 
Tipperary. Offi/gia, iii. c. 63. Dr. O'Brien 
doubts, in his Irish Dictionary, voce MUSCKITH, 
that the existence of these Carbrys rests on any 
certain historical foundation; but there is as 
much authority from Irish history for the ex- 
istence of these Carbrys, as for any other fact 
belonging to the same period See Ledbhar na 
gCeart, p. 42, note T . 

u Baiscnigk This tribe inhabited the district 
now comprised in the baronies of Moyarta and 
Clonderalaw, in the south-west of the county of 
Clare, where, after the establishment of sur- 
names, the two chief families of the race were 
the O'Baiscinns and O'Donnells. 



w Dal-Riada The descendants of Cairbre 

Rioghfhoda, i. e. of the long ulna, were the 
Dalriads, a tribe in the north of the present 
county of Antrim, long since extinct or un- 
known there, and the more illustrious tribe of 
the Dalriads of Scotland, of whom O'Flaherty, 
in his Ogygia (ubi supra), treats, and also Pin- 
kerton and other modern writers. The earliest 
writer who mentions the settlement of the Dal- 
Jtiada in Scotland is Bede, who, in his Ecd. 
Hist. lib. i. c. i. says : " Scoti, Duce Reuda de 
Hibernia egressi, amicitia vel ferro sibimet in- 
ter Pictos, sedes quas hactenus habent, vindi- 
cavernnt." In about three hundred years after 
the settlement of Cairbre Eiada in Scotland, 
the Dal-Riada of Ulster, who were of the same 
race, headed by the sons of Ere, son of Eo- 
chaidh Muinreamhar, invaded Scotland, and 
founded another Dal-Riada in that kingdom. 
The territory first acquired by the Gaeidhil or 
Scoti, among the Picts, received the name of 
Airer-Gaeidheal, i. e. the region or district of 
the Gaeidhil, now shortened to Argyle (and 
not Ard na nGaidheal, as O'Flaherty has guess- 



158.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



107 



The Age of Christ, 158. The first year of Conaire, son of Modh-Lamha, 
in sovereignty over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 165. Conaire, son of Mogh-Lamha, after having been 
eight years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Neimhidh, son of Sruibhgheann. 
This Conaire had three sons, Cairbre Muse', from whom the Muscraighe are 
called ; Cairbre Baschaein, from whom are the Baiscnigh", in Corca-Baiscinn ; 
and Cairbre Eiadal, from whom are the Dal-Riada w . Saraid, daughter of Conn 
of the Hundred Battles, was the mother of these sons of Conaire, son of Modh- 
Lamha. 

The Age of Christ, 166. The first year of the reign of Art, son of Conn 
of the Hundred Battles. 

The Age of Christ, 186. The twenty-first year of Art, son of Conn of the 
Hundred Battles, in the sovereignty of Ireland. The battle of Ceannfeabhrat 31 
by the sons of Oilioll Olum* and the three Cairbres, i. e. Cairbre Muse, Cairbre 
Riada, and Cairbre Bascainn, against Dadera, the Druid ; Neimhidh, son of 



ingly assumed. Ogygia, iiL c. 63, p. 323). The 
settlement of the latter colony in Scotland is 
mentioned by an ancient writer quoted by 
Camden (Britania, tit. Scotia) in the following 
words : " Fergus filius Eric fuit primus qui de 
semine Chonaire suscepit regnum Albaniae a 
Brunalban ad mare Hibernise, et Inse gall, et 
inde reges de semine Fergus regnaverunt in 
Brunalban, sive Brunehere usque ad Alpinum 
tilium Eochaidh." 

The settlement of the Scoti in North Britian 
is mentioned, in the following words, by the 
author of the Life of Cadroe, written about the 
year 1040 : 

" Fluxerunt quotanni, et mare sibi proximum 
transfretantes Eveam Insulam, quse nunc lona 
dicitur, repleverunt. Nee satis, post pelagus 
Britannia contiguum, perlegentes, per Bosim 
amnem, Eossiam regionem manserunt: Rigmo- 
nath " [Dun Monaidh ?] " quoque Bellethor ur- 
bes, a se procul positas, petentes, possessuri 
vicerunt." Colgan, Ada Sanctorum, p. 495. 

* Ceannfeabhrat This was the ancient name 



of a part of the mountain of Sliabh Kiach to 
the south of Kilmallock, on the confines of the 
counties of Limerick and Cork See A. D. 1579 
and 1599. After the defeat of Maccon in the 
battle of Ceannfeabhrat, by his step-father, 
Oilioll Olum, he fled to Wales to solicit assist- 
ance, and in some time after put into the Bay 
of Galway, accompanied by Bene, a Briton, 
and a great number of foreign auxiliaries ; and 
seven days after his arrival (as Tighernach notes) 
obtained a signal victory over King Art and 
his forces. 

* Oilioll Olum. Dr. O'Conor translates this 
name Olittus Archi-Poeta, but the ancient Irish 
writers never understood it in that sense, for 
they never write the word ollarii, a chief poet, 
as Dr. O'Conor wishes to make it, but olum, 
which they explain "of the bare ear," because his 
ear was bit off by Aine, the daughter of a Tuatha- 
De-Danann, named Eogabhal, as he was ravish- 
ing her : " Inde factum est, ut Olillus Olumus 
quod perinde est ac tempora spoliata auribus, 
appellaretur." Lynch. This lady, Aine, whose 



P2 



108 



emeaNN. 



[195. 



Spoibcmo, 1 pop Dfipcepc nGpeann, ou hi cropcaip NemiD, mac Spoibcinn, 
pf Gpna TTluman, i Oaofpa Opuch Oaipme, DO ceap ona Oaofpa la hGogan, 
mac Oiliolla, Do ceap NemiD, mac Spoibjmn, la Caipbpe RigpoDa, mac 
Conaipe, a nDiojail a achap .1. Conaipe buofin. T?o gon Caipbpe TTlupc 
tughaib .1. TTlac Con ma colpca, gup bo bacach laporh. Ip 6 pdc an pop- 
anma pin map Do bi Lujaib caicnerhac DO choin Do bf ace biacab a coilen 
a ccij a oioeb, -| Do ibea6 ap ballan na con pempaice, gup lean TTlac 

con DC. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, ceo nochac acuicc. lap mbfich cpiocha bliabain In pije 
nGpeann Ddpr,mac CmnnCeocachaig, copcaip hi ccach TnoisheTTlucpaime 
la TTlac Con 50 na allmapcoib. Uopcparap beopipm each ceona mapaon pe 
hQpc, meic a Sfcap Sambe ingine CuinD .1. peachc maca Oiliolla Oluim, 
cangacnp laip i najaiD THic Con a nDfpbpacap, Goghan TTlop Oubmfpchon, 
TTlujcopb, LughaiD, GochaiD, Dichopb, -| UaDcc a nanmanna,-| bemne 6pioc, 
pi bpfcan po imip lama poppa. Uopchaip bfinDe la CujaiD Cagha a ccionaiD 
a bpdirpec. Liojaipne Leacanpooa, mac Qengupa t>ailb, mic Gachach pmn- 



father had been killed by Oilioll, resided at and 
gave name to Cnoc-Aine, anglice Knockany, 
near Bruff, in the county of Limerick, and is 
now traditionally remembered as one of the 
Banshees of the south of Ireland. 

'Mac Con: i.e. Son of the Greyhound. Keat- 
ing gives the same derivation : " Is in Olilli 
domo ut ejus provignus, ut cujus matrem 
Sabham Coni Centiprselii filiam Olillus uxorem 
habebat, pusillus pusio versatus, et nondum 
vestigia figere peritus ad Olilli canem venaticum, 
Aquilam Eubram" [Glaip Oearij] " nomine 
manibus repens accessit, et canis infantulum 
ore soepius arripuif [recte, ad ubera sorbenda 
accepit] " nee tamen ab assiduo ad euro accessu 
coerceri potuit, quse res illi nomen Maccon pe- 
rerit, quod perinde est ac canis venatici filius." 
Lynch. 

This, however, is clearly the guess derivation 
and elucidation of a posterior age. The word 
mac con would certainly denote flius canis, 
but it might also be figuratively used to denote 



son of a hero ; and as his father's -name was 
mac niab, son of a hero, it might not, perhaps, 
be considered over presumptuous in an etymo- 
logist of the present day to reject the story 
about the greyhound bitch, and substitute a 
modern conjecture in its place. 

This Lughaidh Maccon was the head of the 
Ithian race, and chief of the Munster sept called 
Deirgthine. He is the ancestor of the family 
of O'Driscoll, and from him the pedigree of Sir 
Florence O'Driscoll, who flourished in the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth, is deduced by Duald Mac 
Firbis in thirty generations. O'Driscoll is not 
accounted of the Milesian race by the Irish ge- 
nealogists, because he descended from Ith, the 
uncle of Milidh, or Milesius. 

a Magh-Mucruimhe This was the name of & 

plain near Athenry, in the county of Galway. 
O'Flaherty states (Ogygia, iii. c. 67) that the 
place where King Art was killed, was called 
Turlach-Airt in his (O'Flaherty's) time, and 
situated between Moyvaela and Kilcornan in 



195.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



109 



Sroibhcinn ; and the south of Ireland ; where fell Nehnhidh, son of Sroibhcinn, 
King of the Ernai of Munster ; and Dadera, the Druid of the Dairinni. Dadera 
was slain by Eoghain, son of Oilioll ;' Neimhidh, son of Sroibhcinn, by Cairbre 
Kioghf hoda, son of Conaire, in revenge of his own father, i. e. Conaire. Cairbre 
Muse wounded Lughaidh, i. e. Mac Con, in the thigh, so that he was [ever] 
afterwards lame. The cause of this cognomen was : Lughaidh was agreeable 
to a greyhound that was suckling her whelps in the house of his foster-father, 
and he was used to suckle the teat of the aforesaid greyhound, so that Mac Con z 
[son of the greyhound] adhered to him [as a soubriquet]. 

The Age of Christ, 195. After Art, the son of Conn of the Hundred 
Battles, had been thirty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell in the battle 
of Magh-Mucruimhe", by Maccon and his foreigners. In the same battle, along 
with Art, fell also the sons of his sister, Sadhbh, daughter of Conn, namely, the 
seven sons of Oilioll Olum, who had come with him against Maccon, their 
brother. Eoghan Mor b , Dubhmerchon, Mughcorb, Lughaidh, Eochaidh, Dio- 
chorb, and Tadhg, were their names ; and Beinne Brit, King of Britain, was he 
who laid [violent] hands upon them. Beinne was slain by Lughaidh Lagha, in 
revenge of his relatives. Lioghairne of the Long Cheeks, son of Aenghus 



Aidhne See the Map to Tribes and Customs 
of Hy-Many; and Hardiman's edition of O'Fla- 
herty's lar-Connaught, p. 43, note *. 

b Eoghan MOT. He is the ancestor of all the 
great families of Munster and elsewhere, called 
Eoghanachts by the Irish genealogists. All his 
brothers died without issue except Cormac Cas, 
the ancestor of the O'Briens of Thomond, and 
all the Dal g-Cais, and Cian, the ancestor of 
O'Carroll, O'Meagher, and other families called 
Cianachta, seated in various parts of Ireland. 

' Lioghairne O'Flaherty calls him Ligurnus. 
When Art, the son of Conn of the Hundred 
Battles, succeeded Conaire II. as Monarch of 
Ireland, he banished his uncle, Eochaidh Finn- 
fothart, and his sons, from Meath, because they 
had assassinated his brothers, Conla and Crina, 
and betrayed his father to the Ulstermen. 
Eochaidh, being married to Uchdelbha, the 



granddaughter of Cathaeir Mor, proceeded into 
Leinster, and the king of that province bestowed 
upon him and his sons certain districts called 
by posterity Fotharta, from Eochaidh's surname. 
Of these the two principal were Fotharta-an- 
Chairn, now the barony of Forth, in the county 
of Wexford, and Fotharta-Fea, now the barony 
of Forth, in the county of Carlorw. There were 
also Fothart-Airbhreach, near the hill of Bri- 
Eile, now the hill of Croghan, in the King's 
County ; Fotharta Airthir Liffe, in the present 
county of Kildare, and others ; but his race 
became extinct or obscure at an early period in 
all the districts called Fotharta, except Fotharta- 
Fea, where his descendant, O'Nolan, retained 
considerable possessions till the seventeenth cen- 
tury. 

Incensed at this expulsion of his family, 
Boghairne joined the foreign forces of.Maccon 



no 



eiraeanw. 



[196. 



puachnaipr, po imbip lama pop Qpr ipm carh fin TTloishe TTluccpoirhe, mp 
ccochc DO hi pochpaiDe TDic Con. 

CU>ip Cpiopc, ceo nochar ape. Qn ceo bliaDam Do LujoiD, (.1. TTIac Con) 
mac TTlaicniaD, hi pijhe nGpeann. 

Cloip Cpiopc, oa ceo piche acuij. lap mbfic cpiocha bliaDain i pighe 
nGpeann DO LujhaiD (.1. TTIac Con), mac TTlaicniaD, copcaip Do laim pfipcip, 
mic Comain Gap, lap na lonnapbaD a Ufmpaij Do Copmac ua Chuinn. 

doip Cpiopr, Da cheo piche ape. PQijur Ouibbeoach, mac lomchaDha, 
napijopGpinn ppi pe mblia6na,co ccopchaip, hi ccacCpionna, la Copbmac 
ua Cuino, Do laim Lojha ^agha. Uopcpacap taip beop a Da bparhaip, 
pfpjap poilcleabap, -] Pepjup boc, cap bpfgaib, Da ngoipn Pfps"r Cai r 
piaclach. Ip Doib po paioheao : 

pop an aoinlicc 05 Raic cpo 
poipcbe na crpi ppfpjupo, 
acbfpc Copbmac ap gle 
ni chel a Dae pop Laighe. 

1 pochpaiDe Copbmaic cainic UaDg macCein -| tujaiD Don chach hipin, 
1 ba i cippocpaic an chacha Do paca o Chopbmac DO UhaDj; an pfponn poppa 
cca Ciannachca, i TTluij 6pfj, amail ap epbeipc i leabpaib oile. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD piche a peachc. Ctn ceD bliaDam Do Copbmac, 
mac Qipc, mic Cuinn CheDchachaij, na pij op Gpintr. 



against his relative Art, and had the killing of 
him with his own hand, at Turlach Airt, as 
stated in note u , supra. 

d Thirty years The Annals of Clonmacnoise 
give Maccon a reign of only eighteen years ; 
O' Flaherty shortens it to three years ; but Dr. 
O'Conor does not regard him as one of the 
monarchs of Ireland. 

e He fell. Keating states that Fercheas, a 
poet who resided at Cnocach, killed Maccon, at 
the instance of King Cormac, with a kind of 
lance called rincne, at Gort-an-oir, near Dear- 
grath, in Magh-Feimhean, while he (Maccon) 
was bestowing gold and silver on the literati of 



Ireland. This place is still pointed out near the 
fort of Dearg-rath, in the parish of Derrygrath, 
about four miles to the north-east of Cahir, in 
the county of Tipperary. Cnocach, called, in the 
Leabhar-Gabhala, Ard-Feirchis, is now anglice 
Knockagh, and is situated about three miles 
north-east of Cahir. 

f Crinna Keating calls this place Crionna- 
Chinn Chumair, and says that it is situated at 
Brugh-mic-an-Oig, which is the name of a place 
on the River Boyne, near Stackallan Bridge. 

8 Rathcro. This place is near Slane, in the 
county of Meath. 

b Ciannachta, inMagh-Breagh. The territory 



196.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



Ill 



Balbh, son of Eochaidh Finn Fuathairt, was he who laid [violent] hands upon 
Art in this battle of Magh-Mucruimhe, after he had joined the forces of Maccon. 

The Age of Christ, -196. The first year of Lughaidh, i. e. Maccon, son of 
Maicniadh, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 225. After Lughaidh, i. e. Maccon, son of Macniadh, 
had been thirty years" in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell c by the hand of 
Feircis, son of Coman Eces, after he had been expelled from Teamhair [Tara] 
by Cormac, the grandson of Conn. 

The Age of Christ, 226. Fearghus Duibhdeadach, son of Imchadh, was 
king over Ireland for the space of a year, when he fell in the battle of Crinna f , 
by Cormac, grandson of Conn, by the hand of Lughaidh Lagha. There fell by 
him also, [in the rout] across Breagh, his two brothers, Fearghus the Long- 
haired and Fearghus the Fiery, who was called Fearghus Caisf hiaclach [of the 
Crooked Teeth]. Of them was said : 

Upon the one stone at Kathcro* 
Were slain the three Fearghus's ; 
Cormac said this is fine, 
His hand did not fail Laighe. 

In the army of Cormac came Tadhg, son of Cian, and Lughaidh, to that 
battle ; and it was as a territorial reward for the battle that Cormac gave to 
Tadhg the land on which are the Ciannachta, in Magh-Breagh", as is celebrated 
in other books. 

The Age of Christ, 227. The first year of Cormac, son of Art, son of 
Conn of the Hundred Battles, as king over Ireland. 



of this tribe extended from the River Liffey to 
near Drumiskin, in the county of Louth. Duleek, 
in the county of Meath, is mentioned as in it. 
Keating gives a curious story about Tadhg mac 
Cein, from the historical tale called Cath Crinna, 
but some of its details are rather legendary. It 
is, however, true as to the main facts ; for it is 
stated in the Annals of Tighernach that Tadhg 
obtained as a reward for defeating the Ulster- 
men on this occasion, the whole region extending 
from Glais-Neara, near Druim-Ineascluinn (now 



Drumiskin, in the present county of Louth), to 
the Cnoca Maeildoid, at the River Lifiey. 
See Ann. Tigher., p. 45 ; Keating's History of 
Ireland, in the reign of Fearghus Duibhdea- 
dach ; and O'Flaherty's Ogygia, iii. c. 68. This 
Tadhg is the ancestor of O'Carroll of Ely, in 
the south of the King's County ; of O'Meagher 
of Ui-Cairin, or Ikerrin, in the county of Tip- 
perary ; of O'Cathasaigh (O'Casey) of Saithne, 
in Magh Breagh ; and of O'Conor, Chief of 
Cianachta-Gleanna- G-eimbin, now the barony 



112 



Riogbachca 



[234. 



Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheo cpiochac a cfchaip. Q hochc DO Chopbmac. 
dili II Olom.mac TYlogha Nuaohac, pi ITlurtian, 065. 

doip Cpiopc, oa cheo cpiochac a pe. d Dech <oo Chopbmac. Cach 
^panaipo pia cCopbmac ua cCuinn pop Ulcoib an bliabainpi. Car in h6u 
hi rnoijh del pop deb, mac Gachoach, mic Conaill, pi Connachc. Cach 
i nGch, each Cinn Oaipe, cac Spucha pop Ulcoib, each Slicche Cuailnge. 

doip Cpiopc, Da cheo cpiochac a pfchc. d haon Oecc Do Chopbmac. 
Cach dcha beuchaig. Cach Racha Duma an bliabainpi pia cCopbmac. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheo cpiochac a hochc. Q Do Decc Do Copbmac. Cach 
Chuile cocaip po cpf, -| cpi cacha hi nOubab pia cCopbmac. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheo cpiochac anaoi. Q cpi Decc Do Chopbmac. Cach 
ailamaij, 1 pfchc ccacha Glne pi cCopbmac. 

doip Cpiopc, Da cheo cfchpacac. d cfchaip Decc Do Chopbmac. Cach 
TTloijhe Cechc, -\ loingCp Chopbmaic cap maij Ren (.1. cap an ppaipge) an 
bliabam pin, coniD Don chup pin po jabapcaippiom pishe ndlban. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da cheD cfcpachac a haon. Q cuig Decc Do Chopbmac. 
Qcciao anopo cacha Chopbmaic pop TTlumain an bliabainpi. Cach beippe, 
each Cocha Len, each Luimnij, each 5r ene > cac ^ Clapaij, each TTluipipc, 



of Keenaght, in the county of Londonderry. 
He is also the ancestor of the families of O'Gara 
and O'Hara in Connaught, and of O'Hara of 
the Koute, in the county of Antrim. 

' Granard.Novr a small town in the county 
of Longford, near which is a large moat See 
Ogygia, iii. 69, p. 335. See note , under A. D. 
1262. These battles, fought by Cormac, are 
also mentioned in the Annals of Tighernach. 

k Eu, in Magh-Aei. In the Annals of Tigher- 
nach the reading is Cac TTleoa, i. e. the Battle 
of Knockmaa, which is a hill in the barony of 
Clare, county Galway. 

1 Eth Not identified. 

m Geann-Daire : i. e. Head of the Oak Wood. 
Not identified. 

n Sntfh This should be Car Spucpa, i. e. 
the battle of Shrule, a place on the River 
Suithair, or Shrule, in the south-east of the 
county of Louth. See Ogygia, iii. 69, p. 335. 



Slighe- Cuailgne : i. e. the road or pass of 
Cuailgne, which is a mountainous district still 
so called, in the north of the county of Louth. 

" Ath-Beatha : i. e. Ford of the Birch. This 
was probably the ancient name of Ballybay 
(6aile ara benca), in the county of Monaghan. 

* Dumha : i. e. tumulus. There are countless 
places of this name in Ireland. 

1 Cuil-tochair : i. e. Corner or Angle of the 
Causeway. Not identified. 

s Dubhadh. Now Dowth, on the Boyne, in 
the county of Meath, where there is a remark- 
able mound, 286 feet high, which is one of the 
monuments of the Tuatha-De-Dananns. In the 
Annals of Tighernach the reading is, i nt)uiBpi6. 

' Allamagh. Probably intended for Eala- 
mhagh, i. e. the plain of the Eiver Allo, in the 
county of Cork. 

u Elve Now Sliabh Eilbhe, anglice Slieve- 
Ilva, a mountain in the parish of Killonaghan, 



234.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 113 

The Age of Christ, 234. The eighth year of Cormac. Oilioll Olum, son 
of Mogh Nuadhat, King of Munster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 236. The tenth year of Cormac. The battle of Gra- 
nard' by Cormac, the grandson of Conn, against the Ulstermen this year. A 
battle at Eu, in Magh-Aei k , against Aedh, son of Eochaidh, son of Conall, King 
of Connaught. A battle at Eth 1 ; the battle of Ceann-Daire 1 "; the battle of Sruth" 
against the Ulstermen ; the battle of Slighe-Cuailgne . 

The Age of Christ, 237. The eleventh year of Cormac. The battle of 
Ath-Beatha p ; the battle of Dumha q this year by Cormac. 

The Age of Christ, 238. The twelfth year of Cormac. A battle at Cuil- 
tochair r thrice, and three battles at Dubhadh 8 by Cormac. 

The Age of Christ, 239. The thirteenth year of Cormac. The battle of 
Allamagh', and the seven battles of Elve", by Cormac. 

The Age of Christ, 240. The fourteenth year of Cormac. The battle of 
Magh-Techt", and the fleet of Cormac [sailed] across Magh-Rein 1 (i. e. across 
the sea), this year, so that it was on that occasion he obtained the sovereignty 
of Alba [Scotland]. 

The Age of Christ, 241. The fifteenth year of Cormac. These are the 
battles of Cormac [fought] against Munster this year : the battle of Berre y ; the 
battle of Loch Lein 1 ; the battle of Luimneach"; the battle of Grian b ; the battle 
of Classach ; the battle of Muiresc"; the battle of Fearta", in which fell Eochaidh 

barony of Burren, and county of Clare. y Berre. See A. M. 3575, 3579, 3656, supra. 

w Magh-Techt. See A. M. 3529, 3656. * Loch Lein See A. M. 3579, supra. 

* Magk-Rein: i. e. the Plain of the Sea. l?ian, * Luimneach. Now Limerick. This was ori- 

gen. pem, is an old word for sea, and is glossed ginally the name of the Lower Shannon. See 

"muip" by O'Clery. This passage is taken Ada Sanctorum, by the Bolandists, 3rd May, 

from the Annals of Tighernach. O'Flaherty p. 380, and Life of St. Senanus by Colgan. 

understands this passage as follows : " Magnam b Grian. There are several places of this name 

classem trans mare in septentrionalem Britan- in Ireland, but the place here alluded to is pro- 

niam misit, qua triennii spacio eas oras infes- bably the hill of Cnoc-Greine, i. e. the Hill of 

tante imperium in Albania exegit." But the Grian, over the village of Pallasgrean, in the 

word lomjeap, in ancient Irish, means expul- barony of Coonagh, and county of Limerick. 

sion or banishment (lomjjeap .1. lonj^ap .1. ion- " Classach Not identified. There are many 

nctpbab G'Clery), and the passage might be places of the name in Ireland, 

translated thus: "The expulsion of Cormac d Muiresc. See A. M. 3501, 3790. 

across the sea this year, and it was on this occa- e Fearta Not identified. There are several 

sion that he obtained the sovereignty of Alba." places so called. 



114 



eiReawi. 



[248. 



each pfpca hi copchoip Gochaib Uaobpooa, mac Oiliolla Oluim, car Sariina 
hi copcaip Cian, mac Qileallo Oluim.i cac QpDa caim. 

Opsain na hmgCnpaije, ipin Claoinpfpca hi cUfmpaij, la Ounlang, mac 
enna Niab, pf Laigfn. Cpiocha pijingfn a Ifon, ~\ ceo ingfn la gach mnjin 
Diob. Oa pfj Decc DO Laijmb pop bf Copbmac ap jalaib aoinpip, i noiojail 
na hoipjne hipin, amailli pe popnaibm na bopama co na copmach lap 
cUuachal. 

Cfoip Cpiopc, Da cheD i cfcpachac a hochc. Q Do pichfc Do Chopbmac. 
Cach hi pochaipD TTluipcemne pia cCopbmac an bliabampi. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da ceo pfpcca a Do. Q pe cpiocha Do Chopbmac. Cach 
Cpionna ppejabail pia cCopbmac pop Ullcoib, ou hi ccopcaip Qongup Pionn, 
mac pfpjupa OuibDeaDaij, pf UlaD, 50 nap UlaD imme. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, Da cheo peapca a 01115. Q naoi cpiocha Do Chopbmac. 
^uin Ceallaij, mic Chopbmaic.i T?fchcaipe Chopbmaic, -| puil Chopbmaic 
buDfin DO bpipfoh oaen popccom la hQenjup ^a'ouaibceach, mac piachach 
Suijoe, mic pfiblimib 17eachnaba. Ro bpip lapam Copbmac peace ccaca 
popp na Oeipib a ccionaiD an jnioma pin, 50 pop capainn 6 a ccfp, conup 
pilio hi TTlumain. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da ceo peapcc a pe. Cfcpacha bliabain DO Copbmac, mac 
Qipc, mic Cuino, hi pige nGpeann 50 bpuaip bap i cClecec mp lenmain cnaim 



f Samhain. Now Cnoc-Samhna, near Bru- 
ree, in the county of Limerick See A. M. 4169, 
supra. 

8 Ard-cam: i. e. Crooked Height or Hill. Not 
identified. 

" Claenfearta This was a place at Tara, on 

the western slope of the hill See Petrie's An- 
tiquities of Tara Hill, p. 128, and map, plate 1. 
O'Flaherty understands this passage as follows, 
in his Ogygia, iii. c. 69. 

" Dunlongius Ennii Niadh filius Cathirii Re- 
gis Hiberniae abnepos rex Lagenia; Temorense 
apud Cloenfertam gynoeceum immani feritate 
adortus, triginta regias puellas cum trecentis 
ancillis famulantibus ad unum internecione de- 
levit. Quocirca Cormacus rex duodecim La- 
genise dynastas parthenicidii conacios morte 



plexit, et Boariam Tuathalii regis mulctam La- 
geniis cum accessione imperavit." 

' Borumha. See an account of this impost 
under the reign of Tuathal Teachtmhar, supra, 
A. D. 106. 

k Pochard Muirtheimhne Now Faughard, in 

the county of Louth, about two miles to the 
north of Dundalk See A. D. 1595, 1596. 

1 Crionna-Fregabhail. Dr. O'Conor renders 
this Crinna partum, taking ppejaBail to be a 
verb, from jaBail; but it was certainly the an- 
cient name of a place on the Eiver Fregabhail, 
now the Ravel Water, in the county Antrim. 
See A. M. 3510, supra. Tighernach places this 
battle in the year 251. 

m Aenghus Gaibhuaib/itheach: i.e. Aenghus of 
the terrible Spear. 



248.] ' ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 115 

Taebhfada [of the Long Side], son of Oilioll Olum ; the battle of Samhain f , in 
which fell Cian, son of Oilioll Olum ; and the battle of Ard-cam K . 

The massacre of the girls at Cleanfearta", at Teamhair, by Dunlang, son of 
Enna Niadh, King of Leinster. Thirty royal girls was the number, and a 
hundred maids with each of them. Twelve princes of the Leinstermen did 
Cormac put to death together, in revenge of that massacre, together with the 
exaction of the Borumha' with an increase after Tuathal. 

The Age of Christ, 248. The twenty-second year of Cormac. A battle at 
Fochard Muirtheimhne" by Cormac this year. The battle of Crionna-Frega- 
bhail 1 [was fought] by Cormac against the Ulstermen, where fell Aenghus Finn, 
son of Fearghus Duibhdeadach [i.e. the Black-toothed], King of Ulster, with 
the slaughter of the Ulstermen about him. 

The Age of Christ, 265. The thirty-ninth year of Cormac. Ceallach, son 
of Cormac, and Cormac's lawgiver, were mortally wounded, and the eye of 
Cormac himself was destroyed with one thrust [of a lance] by Aenghus Gaibh- 
uaibhtheach m , son of Fiacha Suighdhe, son of Feidhlimidh the Lawgiver. 
Cormac afterwards [fought and] gained seven battles over the Deisi, in revenge 
of that deed, and he expelled them from their territory, so that they are [now] 
in Munster 11 . 

The Age of Christ, 266. Forty years was Cormac, son of Art, son of 
Conn, in the sovereignty of Ireland, when he died at Cleiteach , the bone of a 

n In Munster. The Deisi, who were the de- to which territory they gave the name of that 
scendants of Fiacha Suighdhe, the brother of which they had in Meath. Aenghus Mac Nad- 
Conn of the Hundred Battles, were first seated fraeich, King of Munster, afterwards gave them 
in the territory of Deisi-Teamhrach, now the the plain of Magh-Feimheann, now the barony 
barony of Deece, in the county of Meath, and of Iffa and Ofia, East, which they retained till 
when they were driven from thence by King the period of the English Invasion. For the 
Cormac, they proceeded into Leinster, where names of the 'families into which this tribe 
they remained for one year, and afterwards re- branched after the establishment of surnames, 
moved into Ossory, but effected no permanent see note *, under A. D. 1205. 
settlement anywhere until they went to Mnn- Cleiteach. The situation of this house is 
ster, where Oilioll Olum, king of that province, described in the historical tale entitled Oighidh 
who was married to Sadhbh (Sabina), daughter Mhuircheartaigh Mhoir mhic Earca, as fol- 
of Conn of the Hundred Battles, gave them a lows : 

territory comprised in the present county of " 6a mairpuloiujubm ciji r 1 " cpa, op up na 

Waterford, and extending from the River Suir 66mne bpaoanuiji bicaille, -\ op up an 6hpoja 

to the sea, and from Lismore to Credan Head, bapp-uame." 

Q2 



116 



[266. 



bpaocnn ma bpajair, cpep an piabpab poimip mailjenn Opai paip.iap niom- 
po6 DO Copbmac ap na opaoinb po bian abapca Oe Do caippib. Conab 
aipe pin po aimpij oiabal eipium cpe pupailearh na nopuab 50 ccuc bap 
Dochpaib Do. C( pe Copbmac Do rpachc cegupcc na pijh DO comoa mob, 
bep.n pollamnaijce na pie. UgDap oipbepc eipibe i nolijrib, hi ccoimjmb, 
1 hi pfncup, ap ape po pfol pfchc, piajail, i DipgiaraD gacha haoi, -] cfcha 
cainsne lap ccoip, conab he an DlijeaD po pmachc pop chdch baoi pop conj- 
bail leo gup an aimpip ppeacnaipc. 

a pe an Copbmac po, mac Qipc, beop po nonoil cpomicibe Gpeann co 
haon maijin 50 Ufmpaij, gup po popcongaip poppo cpoinic Gpeann Do 
pcpfobaD in nen liubap Dap bo hainm ppalcaip Uempach. ba hipin Imbap 
pin bacap coimjneaDa -\ comaimpepa piojpaibe Gpeann ppi pfojaib -| impi- 
peaDa an Domain, ] pioj na ccoicceaD ppf pfojaib 6peann. Qp ann Dna po 
pcpiobaD ina nolijpeaD pi Gpeann Do na coicce&achaib ] ciop -| olijfo na 
ccoicceaD o a pomdmaighcib o ra uapal cohfpeal. 6a han rpa baoi cpioch 
1 copann Gpeann op ino op, o chd cuicceab co cuair, 6 cuaic co baile, -\ 



" Good, indeed, was the situation of that 
house (sc. of Cleiteach) over the margin of the 
saimonful, ever-beautiful Boyne, and over the 
verge of the green-topped Brugh." 

It was situated near Stackallan Bridge, on the 
south side of the Boyne. 

p Teagusc-na-Righ " Cormack wasabsolutely 

the best king that ever reigned in Ireland before 
himself. He wrote a book entitled Princely 
Institutions, which, in Irish, is called Teasgasg 
Ei, which book contains as goodly precepts and 
moral documents as Cato or Aristotle did ever 
write." Ann. Clon. 

Copies of this work, ascribed to King Cormac, 
are preserved in the Book of Leinster (in Lib. 
T. C. D., H. 2. 18), and in the Book of Bally- 
mote ; and translated extracts from it are given 
in the Dublin Penny Journal, vol. i. pp. 213, 214, 
215, and 231, 232. 

q Laws. For an account of the laws insti- 
tuted by King Cormac, see the Stowe Catalogue, 
and Petrie's History and Antiquities of Tara Hill, 



pp. 16-20. 

' Psalter of Teamhair. This Psalter is re- 
ferred to in a poem by Cuan O'Lochain, who 
flourished in the eleventh century, but no frag- 
ment of it has been identified as now remaining. 
A copy, indeed, of the Book of Ballymote, with 
some additions made by Teige O'Naghten, now 
preserved in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, H. 1. 15, bears the title of Salcaip 
na Ceampac; but this name was given it by 
O'Naghten himself, for no reason except that it 
contains articles relating to Irish laws, genea- 
logy, history, topography, &c. ..'.' 

O'Flaherty quotes a poem beginning Ceum- 
mp na jnogh pach Copmaic, i. e. Teamhair of 
the Kings, fort of Cormac, which, among other 
things, he says, describes three schools insti- 
tuted by King Cormac at Tara, namely, one for 
teaching military dicipline, another for history, 
and the third for jurisprudence. This was 
preserved in O'Duvegan's Book of Hy-Many, 
fol. 1 75 ; but no copy of it has been discovered 



266.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



117 



salmon sticking in his throat, on account of the siabhradh [genii] which Mael- 
genn, the Druid, incited at him, after Cormac had turned against the Druids, 
on account of his adoration of God in preference to them. Wherefore a devil 
attacked him, at the instigation of the Druids, and gave him a painful death. 
It was Cormac who composed Teagusc-na-Righ p , to preserve manners, morals, 
and government in the kingdom. He was a famous author in laws q , synchro- 
nisms, and history, for it was he that established law, rule, and direction for 
each science, and for each covenant according to propriety ; and it is his laws 
that governed all that adhered to them to the present time. 

It was this Cormac, son of Art, also, that collected the Chroniclers of Ire- 
land to Teamhair, and ordered them to write the chronicles of Ireland in one 
book, which was named the Psalter of TeamhairV In that book were [entered] 
the coeval exploits and synchronisms of the kings of Ireland with the kings 
and emperors of the world, and of the kings of the provinces with the mo- 
narchs of Ireland. In it was also written what the monarchs of Ireland were 
entitled to [receive] from the provincial kings, and the rents and dues of the 
provincial kings from their subjects, from the noble to the subaltern. In it 
also were [described] the boundaries and meares of Ireland, from shore to 
shore, from the province to the cantred, from the cantred to the townland, and 



in Dublin, Oxford, or the British Museum. 

It looks very strange that neither the Four 
Masters nor Tighernach make any special men- 
tion of Cormac's expedition into Munster, against 
Fiacha Muilleathan, king of that province, of 
which expedition the historical tale called For- 
bais-Droma-Damhghaire (i. e. the encampment 
of Druim-Damhghaire, now Knocklong, in the 
county of Limerick), preserved in the Book of 
Lismore, fol. 169; and Keating, in his History 
of Ireland; and the Book of Lecan, fol. 133, a, 
give such minute particulars. On this occasion 
the Druid, Mogh Ruith, the ancestor of the 
O'Dugans of Fermoy, displayed wondrous ma- 
gical powers in supplying the Munster forces 
with water, and a spring well which he caused 
to issue from the earth by discharging a magical 
javelin is still pointed out. The inhabitants of 



this neighbourhood also believe that he caused 
the sun to stand still for a whole hour, to enable 
the forces of Leath-Chuinn to dislodge Cormac 
from his entrenchment at Knocklong. Cormac 
was completely routed and pursued into Ossory, 
where he was obliged to deliver up pledges or 
hostages to Fiacha, as security for making re- 
paration for the injuries done to Munster by 
this expedition. 

" Turn Fiachus valido impetu Cormaci exer- 
citum aggressus, eum fudit et fugavit. Imo 
adeo acriter fugientium tergis ad Ossiriam us([ue 
institit, ut Cormacum adegerit pacisci obsides 
se Teamoria missurum ad Fiachum tamdiu 
apud eum mansuros, donee illatum Momonias 
damnum cumulate resarciret." Lynch. 

The truth is that the annalists of Leath- 
Chuinn pass over the affairs of Munster very 



118 



[267- 



o baile 50 cpaijib DO chip [oipoepc na neichipi i Leabap na h-Ui6pi. Gp 
pollup lace i Leabap Oinnpenchupa]. 

Goip Cpiopc, oa ceo peapcca a peachc. 6n bbabain oGochaiD ^onoac 
hi pije nGpeann 50 ccopchaip la Cujjaio TTlfiiD, mac Qongupa, oUllcoib. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, Da ceo peapcca a hochc. Ctn ceo bbabain DO Caipppe 
Lippechaip, mac Copmaic, mic Gipc, hi pije nGpeann. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, Da ceo pfchcmojac a haon. Q cfcaip Do Caipbpe. Upi 
caca pia cCoipppe pop piopu TTluman 05 copnam cipc Laijfn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da ceo peaccmojac a Do. Ct cuicc DO Coipppe. Ceicpe 
caca la Coipbpe pop piojia TTluman 05 copnam cipc taijfn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da ceo peaccmojac a pe. Q naoi DO Coipppe i pighe 
nGpeann. Oengup 5 ai buaibceach DO mapbao an bliaoainpi la cloinnCaipbpe 
Lippechaip .1. piacha Spaibcme ~\ GochaiD Ooirhlen. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, Da ceo ochcmojac a cpf. Q pe Decc DO Caipbpe. pionn 
Ua baipccne DO cuicim la hQichlfch iinac Ouibopfnn, -] la macoib UipgpfnD, 
DO Luaijnib Uempac, occ Qch bpea pop 66inn, oia noebpao. 



slightly, and seem unwilling to acknowledge 
any triumph of their's over the race of Conn of 
the Hundred Battles; and this feeling was mu- 
tual on the part of the race of Oilioll Olum. 

s Traighidh of land. O'Flaherty translates 
this passage as follows : 

" Ex hac Schola prodiit liber, quod Psalterium 
Tomorense dicimus, in quo congestis in unum 
patrise archivis, supremorum, et provincialium 
regum series, ac tempora cum exteris Synchronis 
principibus collata, tributa quoque, et vectigalia 
provincialium monarchis debita, nee non metse, 
ac limites cuj usque regionis a provincia ad ter- 
ritoria, a territorio ad pagos, a pago ad pagi 
particulas" [cpaijib bo cip] "continebantur." 
Ogygia, iii. c. 69- 

1 Leabhar na-h Uidkri. The passage inserted 
in the text in brackets is not in either of the 
Dublin copies, but it has been added from Dr. 
O'Conor's edition, p. 87. A considerable frag- 
ment of Leabhar na-h- Uidhri is now preserved 
in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy. 



' u Leabhar Dinnsenchusa Of this work, which 
gives derivations of the names of remarkable 
hills, forts, and plains in Ireland, there are 
copies in the Books of Lecan and Ballymote, and 
in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, H. 2. 
15, and H. 3. 3. 

'"Eochaidh Gonnat. He is enumerated among 
the monarchs of Ireland in the Annals of Clon- 
macnoise, and by all the modern writers. Tigher- 
nach, however, does not mention him, but makes 
Cairbre Liffechair succeed his father. 

x Cairbre Liffeachair. Keating says that he 
was so called because he was fostered near the 
Eiver Liffey. 

i Eochaidh Doimhlen He is the ancestor of 
all the Oirghialla, in Ulster, and of the O'Kellys 
of Connaught and their correlative families. 

1 Finn, grandson of Baisgne. This passage is 
also given by Tighernach. The Finn here men- 
tioned is the celebrated champion called Fingal 
by Mac Pherson, and Finn Mac Cumhail by the 
Irish, of whom Mr. Moore has the following 



267-] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



119 



from the townland to the traighidh of land 8 . [These things are celebrated in 
Leabhar na-n-Uidhri'. They are evident in the Leabhar Dinnsenchusa".] 

The Age of Christ, 267. Eochaidh Gonnat" in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
when he fell by Lughaidh Meann, son of Aenghus, [one] of the Ulstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 268. The first year of Cairbre Liffeachair", son of 
Cormac, son of Art, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 271. The fourth year of Cairbre. Three battles [were 
fought] by Cairbre against the men of Munster, in defence of the rights of 
Leinster. 

The Age of Christ, 272. Four battles by Cairbre against the men of 
Munster, in defence of the rights of Leinster. 

The Age of Christ, 276. The ninth year of Cairbre in the sovereignty of 
Ireknd. Aenghus Gaibuaibhtheach was killed this year by the sons of Cairbre 
Liffechair, namely, Fiacha Sraibhtine and Eochaidh Doimhlen*. 

The Age of Christ, 283. The sixteenth year of Cairbre. Finn, grandson 
of Baisgne 2 , fell by Aichleach, son of Duibhdreann, and the sons of Uirgreann 
of the Luaighni Teamhrach, at Ath-Brea, upon the Boinn [Boyne], of which 
was said : 



remarks in his History of Ireland, vol. i. p. 133: 
" It has been the fate of this popular Irish 
hero, after a long course of traditional renown 
in his country, where his name still lives, not 
only in legends and songs, but in the yet more 
indelible record of scenery connected with his 
memory, to have been all at once transferred 
by adoption to another country" [Scotland], 
" and start, under a new but false shape, in a 
fresh career of fame." 

This celebrated warrior, who had two grand 
residences in Leinster, one at Almhuin, now the 
hill of Allen, in the county of Kildare, and the 
other at Magh-Elle, now Moyelly, in the King's 
County, was the son-in-law of King Cormac, and 
general of his standing army, which, as Pinker- 
ton remarks, seems to have been in imitation of 
the Roman legions. The words of this critical 
writer are worth quoting here : 

" He seems," says he, " to have been a man 



of great talents for the age, and of celebrity in 
arms. His formation of a regular standing 
army, trained to war, in which all the Irish 
accounts agree, seems to have been a rude imi- 
tation of the Roman legions in Britain. The 
idea, though simple enough, shews prudence, 
for such a force alone could have coped with 
the Romans had they invaded Ireland. But 
this machine, which surprised a rude age, and 
seems the basis of all Finn's fame, like some 
other great schemes, only lived in its author, 
and expired soon after him." Inquiry into the 
History of Scotland, vol. ii. p. 77. 

The bands of kernes and galloglaghs or gal- 
lowglasses, supported by the Irish chieftains of 
later ages, may have been imitations of these 
more primitive Fians, who are still so vividly 
remembered in the traditions of the people, 
while the kernes and gallowglasses are nearly 
forgotten. 



120 



[284. 



l?o bich PI no, ba Do jaib, 
50 noiach jinn, 

DO all Qichleach mac DuibDpeno 
a cfnn Do mac TTlochcamuin. 

TThnbaD Cailci copccaip, 
DO bu buaiD ap cech pfpjliaiD, 
17o baoh copccpach lap in cpiap 
ilach im chfnn inD pig niaoh. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, Da ceo ochcmojac a cfcaip. lap mbfic peace mbliaDna 
Decc hi pfje nSpeann Do Caipbpe Lippechaip DO cfp i ccac ^ a bpa Qicle, Do 
laim Semeoin, nnc Cipb, Do pocopcaib, lap cabaipc na pene opiopcopb, mac 
Copmaic Caip, laip mo ogham an pi'gh DO copnam Leire TTloja ppip. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, Da ceD ochcmojac a cuicc. 6n bliaDmn Don Da pochaD 
op Gpmn, 50 ccopcaip pocab Cappcec la ponhab nQipsceach. Oo ceap 
ID Qipccceach lap pin hi ccac Ollapba hi Line la Caoilce. 

a curious poem, ascribed to Oisin, on the sub- 
ject of this battle, preserved in the Book of 
Leinster, fol. 25, b, in which it is stated that 
Osgar, the son of Oisin, slew King Cairbre, with 
a thrust of a lance. This is partly true, but 
Osgar himself was also slain in the combat ; and, 
according to other accounts, Semeon, one of the 
Fotharta of Leinster, was the person who de- 
spatched Cairbre. ;K ,< 

c Moghcorb, son of Cormac Gas. This prince 
was the principal opponent of the monarch, and 
not the Clanna-Baisgne, or Irish militia, as 
stated by modern popular writers. Since Eoghan 
Taidhleach, or Mogh Nuadhat, the grandfather 
of Cormac Cas, had been murdered in his tent 
by Goll, the son of Morna, at the battle of Magh- 
Leana, the kings of Munster cherished the most 
rancorous hatred against the Clanna-Morna, who 
were a military tribe of the Firbolgs of Con- 
naught; and in order to be revenged of them 
they formed an alliance with the Clanna-Baisgne, 
another military tribe of the Scotic or Milesian 
race, the most distinguished chief of whom was 



a Wifh darts. The following words are inter- 
lined in the text: ".l. Do nagaib lapccaich po 
jjonao e ;" i. e. " by the fishing gaffs he was 
wounded." It is stated in the Dublin copy of 
the Annals of Innisfallen that Finn Mao Cum- 
hail, the celebrated general of the Irish militia, 
fell by the hands of Athlach, son of Duibhdrenn, 
a treacherous fisherman, who [fired with the love 
of everlasting notoriety] slew him with his gaff 
at Rath-Breagha, near the Boyne, whither he 
had retired in his old age to pass the remainder 
of his life in tranquillity. That Athlach was 
soon after beheaded by Caeilte Mac Eonain, the 
relative and faithful follower of Finn. 

h Galhra-Aichle : i. e. Gabhra of Aichill, so 
called from its contiguity to Aichill, now the 
hill of Skreen, near Tara, in the county of Meath. 
Gabhra, anglice Gowra, is now the name of a 
stream which rises in a bog in the townland of 
Prantstown, in the parish of Skreen, receives a 
tribute from the well of Neamhnach on Tara 
Hill, joins the River Skene atDowthstown, and 
unites with the Boyne at Ardsallagh. There is 



284.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



121 



Finn was killed, it was with darts", 
With a lamentable wound ; 
Aichleach, son of Duibhdreann, cut off 
The head of the son of Mochtamuin. 

Were it not that Caeilti took revenge, 

It would have been a victory after all his true battles ; 

The three were cut off by him, 

Exulting over the head of the royal champion. 

The Age of Christ, 284. After Cairbre Liffeachair had been seventeen 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he fell in the battle of Gabhra-Aichle b , by 
the hand of Semeon, son of Cearb, [one] of the Fotharta ; Fearcorb, the son 
of Cormac Cas c , having brought the Fiana with him, against the king, to defend 
Leath-Mhogha against him. 

The Age of Christ, 285. Fothadh was one year over Ireland, when Fo- 
thadh Cairptheach was slain by Fothadh Airgtheach. Fothadh Airgtheach 
was afterwards slain in the battle of Ollarba, in Magh-Line", by Caeilte 6 . 



Finn Mac Cumhail. Cormac Cas, King of Mun- 
ster, married Samhair, the daughter of this war- 
rior, and had by her three sons : Tine and Connla, 
of whose issue no account is preserved, and Mogh- 
corb, the ancestor of the celebrated Brian Bo- 
rumha, who inherited all the valour and heroism 
of Finn, his ancestor. After the death of Finn, 
Cairbre disbanded and outlawed the forces of the 
Clanna-Baisgne, and retained in his service the 
Clanna-Morna only. The Clanna-Baisgne then 
repaired to Munster, to their relative Moghcorb, 
who retained them in his service contrary to the 
orders of the monarch. This led to the bloody 
battle of Gabhra, in which the two rival military 
tribes slaughtered each other almost to extermi- 
nation. In this battle Osgar, the son of Oisin, 
met the monarch in single combat, but he fell ; 
and Cuirbre, retiring from the combat, was met 
by his own relative, Semeon, one of the Fotharta 
(who had been expelled into Leinster), who fell 
upon him severely wounded after the dreadful 



combat with Osgar, and despatched him at ablow. 

d Ottarbha, in Hugh-Line. Now the Eiver 
Larne, in the county of Antrim See note 
under A. D. 106, supra. For a very curious 
account of the identification of the tomb of 
Fothadh Airgtheach, near this river, see Pe- 
trie's Inquiry into the Origin and Uses of the 
Hound Towers of Ireland, pp. 105, 106. Tigher- 
nach does not mention either of these Fothadhs 
as monarchs of Ireland, evidently because he 
regarded them as usurpers, but makes Fiacha 
Roibtine [Sraibhtine] succeed Cairbre Liffea- 
chair, at Tara. They are, however, mentioned as 
joint monarchs in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 
but it is added that " these Fothies were none 
of the Blood Eoyall." They were the sons of 
Maccon, who defeated Art, the son of Conn of the 
Hundred Battles, at Magh-Mucruimhe, and from 
their brother, Aenghus Gaifuileach, or Aenghus 
of the Bloody Dart, O'Driscoll is descended. 

e Caeilte : i. e. Caeilte mac Ronain, the fos- 



122 



aNNQ6a 



[286. 



Qoip Cpiopc, Da ceD ochemojac ape. Qn ceo bliabam DO pije piachaiD 
Spaibeme op Gpinn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, Da ceo nochac a haon. Qn peipeab bliaDam opmchaib 
ippije. Cach OuiblinDe pia ppiachaib pop Laijnib. Upi caeha hi Sleb 
Coaoh, each Smenpe, -| caeCiapmaije pia ppiachai6 Spaibcine beop. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceo piche a Do. lap mbfich peace mbliabna ap cpio- 
chac na pigh op Gpinn opiachaib Spaibcine DO ceap lap na Collaib hi ccaeh 
Oubcomaip hi cCpich Roip i mbpeajaib. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceo piche a cpf. Qn ceo Bliabain Do Colla Uaip mac 
Gaehach Ooiriilen na pigh op Gpinn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceD piche ape. Qn cfcpamaD bliaoain Do Colla Uaip 
hi pije' nGpeann 50 pop lonapb TTluipfDach Uipeach eipiom co na bpaicpibh 
i nQlbain 50 ccpfb ceoaib mapaon piu. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceD piche a peachc. Qn ceo bliabam Do TTIuipeDach 
Cipec hi pijhe nGpeann. Q bpoipcfnD na bliaDna po cangacap na cpi Colla 
johGpinn,-] nf po maip Dia pochpaiDe ache cpf naonbaip nama. Do oeocha- 
cap Din 50 TTluipeaDhach lap na cceajapcc Do Dpaioh. T?o baigpfc ppip, 1 
po paiDpeac opoichbpiafpa copup mapbab, "] copbaD paip cuaippeab inD 
pionjal. Onac ecaipfc caipipfc oca, i pobcap gopa Do. 



ter-son and favourite of the celebrated Irish 
general, Finn Mac Cumhail. 

f Fiacha-Sraibfttine Keating says he was 

called Sraibhtine from his having been fostered 
at Dun-Sraibhtine, in Connaught; but others 
assert that he received this cognomen from the 
showers of fire, i. e. the thunder-storms, which 
occurred during his reign. 

8 Duibhlinn : i. e. the black pool. This was 
the name of that part of the River Liffey on 
which the city of Duibhlinn or Dublin stands. 

h Slidbh Toadh, There is a mountain of this 
name near the village of Ardara, in the barony 
of Banagh, and county of Donegal See it again 
referred to at A. D. 610. 

Smear : i. e. a place abounding in black- 
berries or blackberry briars. There are several 
places of the name in Ireland. 



k Ciarmhagh: i. e. the Brown Plain. Not iden- 
tified. 

1 Dubhchomar : i. e. the Conflux of the River 
Dubh. Tighernach says that this battle was 
named from Dubh-Chomar, the king's druid, 
who was therein slain ; but this looks legendary, 
as the name signifies " black confluence." Keat- 
ing says it is near Tailten, to the south, and it 
is quite evident that it was the ancient name of 
the confluence of the Blackwater and the Boyne. 
The territory of Crioch Rois embraced a portion 
of the barony of Farney, in the county of Mo- 
naghan, and some of the adjoining districts of 
the counties of Meath and Louth. 

m Colla Uais: i. e. Colla the Noble. All the 
authorities agree in giving him a reign of four 
years, but Dr. O' Conor shews that his expulsion 
should be placed in the year 329. 



286.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



123 



The Age of Christ, 286. The first year of the reign of Fiacha Sraibhtine f 
over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 291. The sixth year of Fiacha in the sovereignty. 
The battle of Duibhlinn 5 [was fought] by Fiacha against the Leinstermen ; 
three battles at Sliabh Toadh" ; the battle of Smear 1 ; and also the battle of 
Ciarmhagh*, by Fiacha Sraibhtine. 

The Age of Christ, 322. Fiacha Sraibhtine, after having been thirty-seven 
years as king over Ireland, was slain by the Collas, in the battle of Dubhcho- 
mar 1 , in Crioch-Rois, in Breagh. 

The Age of Christ, 323. The first year of Colla Uais, son of Eochaidh 
Doimhlen, as king over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 326. The fourth year of Colla Uais m , in the sovereignty 
of Ireland, when Muireadhach Tireach expelled him and his brothers into Alba 
[Scotland] with three hundred along with them. 

The Age of Christ, 327. The first year of Muireadhach Tireach in the 
sovereignty of Ireland. At the end of this year the three Collas came to Ire- 
land ; and there lived not of their forces but thrice nine persons only. They 
then went to Muireadhach, having been instructed by a druid. [And] they 
scolded at him, and expressed evil words, that he might kill them", and that it 
might be on him [the curse of] the finghal should alight. As he did not oppose 
them, they tarried with him, and were faithful to him . 



n Might kill them The word pionjal signifies 
the murder of a relative or clansman, and was 
considered to be so great a crime among the an- 
cient Irish, that a curse was believed to alight 
on the murderer and his race. A druid had 
informed the Collas that if they could exaspe- 
rate the king so as that he would kill them, or 
any of them, the sovereignty would be wrested 
from him and his line, and transferred to their 
descendants. The king, perceiving that this was 
their wish, bore patiently with all their taunt- 
ing words. Keating says that when the Collas 
came into the presence of the king at Tara, he 
asked them what news, and that they replied, 
" We have no news more mournful than that thy 

R 



father was killed by us." " That is news which 
we have already known," said the king, " but it 
is of no consequence to you now, for no revenge 
shall follow you, except that the misfortune, 
which has already attended you will follow 
you." " This is the reply of a coward," said the 
Collas. " Be not sorry for it," replied the king, 
" Ye are welcome." 

Faithful to him The language of this pas- 
sage is very ancient, and seems to have been 
copied from Tighernach. According to Keating 
and the Leabhar-Gabhala of the O'Clerys, the 
Collas then entered into a, treaty of friendship 
with the king, and were his generals, till about 
the year 332, when they destroyed the Ulster 



124 



[331. 



Qoip Cpiopc, cpi ceo cpiocha a haon. Qn cuicceab bliabam Do TTluipeab- 
ach. Cac Qchaib Ifichofipcc hi pfpnmoij lap na cpib CollaiB pop Ullcuib, 
DU i ccopcaip pfpsup Poja, mac Ppaechaip poprpiuin, nujplair Ula6 i 
nGamam in Pfpgup ^T m - Ro ^ir c K c 'a] 10 Garhain, -\ nip aiccpeabpac 
UlaiD innce open. Callpac pop Ulcoib beop Don cuicceab 6 Ri^he -| Loch 
nGachach pmp. Oo cfp Colla TTleann ipm cac pin. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpi ceo caocca a pe. lap mbfich cpiocha bliabain hi pighe 
nGpeann DO TTltnpeaDhach d'peac DO ceap la Caolbab, mac Cpuinn, pinUlab, 
oc pope pigh uap Daball. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cpi ceo caocca a peachc. lap mbfir aon blia&ain i pije 
nGpeann DO CaolbaD, mac Cpuinn 6a6pai, DO ceap la hGochaiD Tlluij- 
meaDoin. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpi ceD caocca a hochc. Qn ceiD bliaDain oGocham TTluij- 
meabon hi pijhe op Gpmn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpi ceo peapcca a cuicc. Qn cochcmaD bliabain oGochaib 
TTluijmfboin, mic fnuipfbai^, ^ipij op Gpmn 50 nepbailc i cUeampaij. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpf ceo peapcca a pe. Qn ceo bliabain DO Cpiomcann, 
mac pioohaiD, mic Oaipe Cepb, op Gpmn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cpi ceo peaccmojac a hochc. lap mbfich cpi bliabna 



palace of Eamhain-Macha or Emania, and con- 
quered vast territories for themselves in Ulster. 
Dr. O'Conor thinks that the overturning of 
Emania should be ascribed to A. D. 331. 

' Achadh-leithdheirg. This place, situated in 
the territory of Fearnmhagh, now the barony 
of Farney, in the county of Monaghan, has not 
yet been identified. 

q The Righe. Now the Newry river, which 
is called " Owen Glenree fluvius" on an old map 
of a part of Ulster preserved in the State Papers' 
Office, London See note 6 , under A. D."1178. 

p Loch n-Eathach : i. e. the Lake of Eochaidh, 
now Lough Neagh, a large and celebrated lake 
between the counties of Antrim, Londonderry, 
Down, Armagh, and Tyrone. 

s Colla Meann. He was the ancestor of the 
ancient inhabitants of Crioch-Mughdhorn, now 



Cremorne, in the county of Monaghan. Colla 
Uais, the eldest of the brothers, is the ancestor 
of the Mac Donnells, Mac Allisters, and Mac 
Dugalds of Scotland ; and Colla Dachrich, of 
the Mac Mahons of the county of Monaghan, of 
the Maguires of Fermanagh, of the O'Hanlons 
and Mac Canns of the county of Armagh, and 
of various other families. 

' King of Uladh Henceforward Uladh is 

applied to the circumscribed territory of the 
ancient Ulstermen. 

u Portrtgh, over Ddbhall. Dabhall was the 
ancient name of the River Abhainn-mhor, or 
Blackwater, in the counties of Tyrone and Ar- 
magh ; and Portrigh, the King's Fort, was pro- 
bably the ancient name of Benburb. The An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise give Muireadhach Tireach 
but a reign of thirteen years, but Dr. O'Conor 






331.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



The Age of Christ, 331. The fifth year of Muireadhach. The battle of 
Achadh-leithdheirg p , in Fearnmhagh, [was fought] by the three Collas against 
the Ulstermen, in which fell Fearghus Fogha, son of Fraechar Foirtriun, the last 
king of Ulster, [who resided] at Eamhain. They afterwards burned Eamhairi, 
and the Ulstermen did not dwell therein since, 'They also took from the 
Ulstermen that part of the province [extending] from the Righe q and Loch 
n-Eathach r westwards. Colla Meann 5 fell in this battle. 

The Age of Christ, 356. After Muireadhach Tireach had been thirty 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Caelbhadh, son of Crunn, 
King of Uladh', at Portrigh, over DabhalF. 

The Age of Christ, 357. After Caelbhadh", son of Crunn Badhrai, had 
been one year in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Eochaidh Muigh- 
mheadhoin. 

The Age of Christ, 358. The first year of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin in 
sovereignty over Ireland 

The Age of Christ, 365. The eighth year of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin*, 
son of Muireadhach Tireach, over Ireland, when he died at Teamhair. 

The Age of Christ, 366. The first year of Crimhthann, son of Fidhach, 
son of Daire Cearb, over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 378. After Crimhthann, son ofFidhach y , had been 



thinks that thirty is the number borne out by 
the more ancient authorities. 

w Caelbhadh. He was of the Rudrician race 
of Ulster. Tighernach does not mention him 
among the monarchs of Ireland ; but in all the 
other authorities he is set down as monarch of 
Ireland for one year. 

* Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin. Dr. O'Conor 
translates the cognomen Muighmheadhoin by 
" Camporum cultor;" and Keating asserts that 
he was so called because his meadhon, or middle, 
was like that of a slave ; but the one explana- 
tion is a mere guess, the other a silly legend. 
In the Annals of Clonmacnoise it is explained 
as follows : 

" Eochy reigned eight years and was called 
Moymeoyn; in English, moyst-middle (.1. meu- 



6on moor Kuoi aije), because he was much 
troubled with the flux of the belly." 

This monarch had two wives : Mongtinn, 
daughter of Fidhach, of the royal family of 
Munster, by whom he had four sons: 1. Brian, 
the ancestor of the O'Conors of Connaught and 
their correlatives ; 2. Fiachra, the ancestor of 
the O'Dowdas, O'Heynes, and O'Shaughnessys ; 
3. Fearghus; and 4. Oilioll, whose race were 
anciently seated in Tir-Oiliolla, now the barony 
of Tirerrill, in the county of Sligo. He had 
also a second wife, Carinna, who was the mother 
of Niall of the Nine Hostages, the most illus- 
trious of his sons, from whom the Ui-Neill, or 
Nepotes Neill, north and south, are descended. 

' Crimhthann, son of Fidhach He was the 
senior and head of the race of Heber, but died 



126 



[379- 



Decc na pij op Gpinn DoCpiorhcann, mac pioohaij, arbail DO Dij neime cucc 
TTioingpionn a hpiuip peipm Do. 

Qoip Cpiopc, rpf ceD pechcmojjac anaoi. Qn ceo bliaDain DO Niall 
Naoijpallac, mac Gadiacli ITIoijThfooin, hi pie nGpeann. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceD a cuicc. lap mbfirh peace mbliaDna pichfc na 
pigh op Gpmn DO Niall Naoijpallach, mac Gachach rnoijmfDoin, Dopochaip 
la hGochaiD, mac Gnna Cenopealaig, occ TTluip nlochc .1. an rhuip eDip 
p.panc -] Sa-cam. 



without issue at Sliabh-Oighidh-an-righ, i. e. 
the Mountain of the Death of the King, now 
the Cratloe mountains, situated to the north of 
the city of Limerick. It is remarked in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, and in the Book of Bally- 
rnote, foL 145, b, a, that Mongfinn poisoned her 
brother in the hope that her eldest son, Brian, 
might be immediately elevated to the throne of 
Ireland ; but that this was of no avail to her, 
for that Niall of the Nine Hostages, the son of 
King Eochaidh by his second wife, succeeded 
as monarch immediately after the poisoning of 
Crimhthann ; and that none of her descendants 
ever attained to the monarchy except Turlough 
More O'Conor, and his son Koderic, who were 
luckless monarchs to Ireland. Keating, who 
had access to Munster documents now un- 
known or inaccessible, gives a curious account 
of the reign of this monarch, the most powerful 
that the Munster race of Heber can boast of. 
It runs as follows in Dr. Lynch's translation: 

" Capessivit postea imperium Crimthonus 
Fidogi films, Dairi Cearbi nepos, Olilli Flann- 
beggi pronepos, Fiachi Muilehani abnepos, 
Eogani Magni adnepos, Olilli Olumi trinepos, 
qui matrimonio Fidamgse Connactici regis nlise 
copulatus septemdecem annos regnavit, et Al- 
bania, Britannia, et Gallia victorias retulisse 
illarumque regionum incolas perdomuisse ve- 
tusta documenta produnt. Hie in alumnum 
suum Conallum Echluachum, Lugachi Manu- 
rubri filium Momonue regnum contulit. Pro- 



pago vero Fiachi Muilehani honorem sibi debi- 
tum alii deferri iniquo animo ferentes de illata 
sibi injuria gravissimas spargunt usquequaque 
querelas in ingratitudinis scopulum non leviter 
impegisse Conallum dictitantes quod nulla cog- 
natorum habita ratione quse illos ob Eetatis pri- 
oritatem potiori jure, spectabat prudenset sciens 
involaret; prasertim cum ex ipsorum genere 
vir ea dignitate dignissimus Corcus Lugdachi 
filius turn in vivis esset. Conallus ne ipse ma- 
cula ejusmodi notaretur, rem integram ad eos 
qui in ipsa Momonia eruditionis nomine cla- 
riores habebantur decidendam, ultro detulit 
sancte pollicitus quidquid illi decreverint se ad 
amussim expleturum. Arbitri, re accurate dis- 
cussa, Corco Lugdachi filio; ut qui a Fiachi 
Muilehani stirpe oriundus erat, qua? stirpem 
Cormaci Caissii setate prsecelleret, regni habenas 
primo committendas : Huic autem mortuo Co- 
nallum si superstes esset sin minus ejus filium 
substituendum esse censuerunt. Ubi hujus 
decreti capita, datis vadibus, se observaturum 
Corcus recepit, eum dignitatem regiam inire Co- 
nallus facile patitur; cum prsesertim Olillus 
Olumus constituerit, ut Fiachi Muillehani, et 
Cormaci Caissi prosapise regnandi vicissitudine 
semper in Momonia uterentur. 

" Demum Corcus fato fungitur, et Conallus 
Echluachus regimen capessit: cujus in custo- 
diam omnes quos in Hibernia, Albania, Britan- 
nia, et Gallia csopit, tradidisse his Cormaci Cul- 
lenani carminibus perhibetur : 



379-] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



127 



thirteen years as king over Ireland, he died of a poisonous drink which his own 
sister gave him. 

The Age of Christ, 379. The first year of Niall of the Nine Hostages, son 
of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 405. After Niall of the Nine Hostages, son of Eoch- 
aidh Muighmheadhoin, had been twenty-seven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
he was slain by Eochaidh, son of Enna Ceinnseallach, at Muir n-Icht z , i. e. the 
sea between France and England. 



" Echluachus Mulctam totius caepit lernse, 
Postquam Crimthonus mulctas trans ajquora 

duxit, 

Nunquam Juvernse fuerat Rex clarior alter, 
Mannae tranavit quamvis freta livida nun- 

quam 

Crimthonus Magnus soboles Fidogia, prsedas. 
Quotuscumque tulit, vasti trans aequoris undas, 
Conallo Echluacho dederat, prsestantior alter 
Quo pugil haud fuerat, rubei gestamine teli 
Pectoris excels!, praBclaras et nomine mentis 
Conallus praedives equis velocibus omnem 
Lustravit patriam, Crimthonum rite secutus, 
Dunlemnamque adiit miles robustus, ibique 
Magnum hominum numerum miseranda csede 

peremit. 

Foemenite Fertconellum, latifundia Aini, 
Dungarium, Drumcormacum, validumque 

Rathlemnum. 
Duncarmnum egregium Focharmaighumque 

decorum. 

Cassiliaeque urbis Celebris pomoeria lata 
Sub ditione sua strenuus Conallus habebat. 

" Munfinna Crimthoni soror, filii sui Briani, 
quern ex Eocho Muighmheano suscepit, et prse 
cajteris liberis in deliciis habuit, amore nimio, 
et regiffi dignitatis ad eum deveniendae vehe- 
nienti desiderio accensa, venenum Crimthono 
fratri hauriendum porrexit in Dornglassise in- 
sula, poculo antea ab ipsa propinato, ut lectius 
fratri fucum facerit, et in maleficii auspicionem 



minus ei veniret ; sed malo viscera paulatim 
rodente, ilia in Dornglassiae insula, ille vero ad 
montem Oighenrighum, Lymbrico ab aquilone 
adjacentem interiit, Anno Domini 378." 

FromFiachaFidhgheinte, the uncle of Crimh- 
thann Mor, descended the tribe of Ui-Fidh- 
gheinte, formerly seated in the plains of the 
county of Limerick, and who, after the establish- 
ment of surnames, branched into the families of 
O'Donovan, O'Coileain (now Collins) MacEniry, 
O'Kinealy, and others. 

* Muir n-Icht. This sea is supposed to have 
taken its name from the Portus Iccius of Caesar, 
situated not far from the site of the present 
Boulogne. Nothing seems clearer than that 
this Irish monarch made incursions into Britain 
against Stilicho, whose success in repelling him 
and his Scots is described by Claudian. " By 
him," says this poet, speaking in the person of 
Britannia, " was I protected when the Scot 
moved all lerne against me, and the sea foamed 
with his hostile oars : 

" Totam cum Scotus lernen 
Movit et infesto spumavit remige Tethys." 

'From another of this poet's eulogies it ap- 
pears that the fame of that Roman legion, 
which had guarded the frontier of Britain 
against the invading Scots, procured for it the 
distinction of being one of those summoned to 
the banner of Stilicho, when the Goths threat- 
ened Rome : 



128 



[428. 



Cloip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo piclie a noetic, lap mbfic cpi btiaDna pichfc i 
pighe nGpeann Do Oachf, mac piachpach, mic GachacTnoi^meaDoin, copch- 
aip DO paiic gealain 05 Sleib 6alpa. 

Goip. Cpiopc, cficpe ceo cpiocha. Qn Dapa bbaDain DO Laogaipe. Ip 
in mbliabampi po paoiD an ceD Celepcinup papa palaoiup eppcop Docum 
nGpeann DO pfolab cpeiorhe oGipfnncoib,-) camic i ccfp i ccpfc Laijfn, Da pfp 
Decc a lion. T?o Diulr Nachi mac (5app c n r 1Tne a P a ai P oa 'r c a ^a6 
Daoine i ccip nGpeann, -] po pocuijeaD ceopa heccailpi cpainn laip, Cell 
phini,Ceac na Roman,-) Oomnac Qpca. Q cCillphine po paccaib a liubpa, 
1 an compa 50 craipib POI!,-] pfoaip,-) mapcipech niomDa noile. T?o paccaib 
an cfcpap po ip na heccailpib ipm Dia eip, Qugupcinnp, beneoicrup, Siluep- 
rep,i Soloniup. Ctj cionncuD Do phallaoiup pop ccul DO T?oim (o na puaip 
aipmiccin i nGpinn) Dop paipiD galop i ccfpib Cpuicnec co riepbailc DC. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceichpe ceo cpiocha a haon. Qn cpfp bliabam Do Cao^aipe. 
T?o hoiponeaD naom paccpaicc i r.eppuccoioe lapa naom papa, an ceo 



" Venit et extremis Legio prsetenta Britannia, 
Quse Scoto dat fraena truci, ferroque notatas 
Perlegit exanimes Picto moriente figuras." 

De Bdlo Getico. 

It would appear from certain passages in the 
Notitia Imperil that Niall on these occasions 
had many tribes of the Aitheach-Tuatha, or 
Attacotti, in his army, who, being the natural 
enemies of his family, deserted to the enemy, 
and were incorporated with the Roman legions: 
" The Attacotti make a distinguished figure 
in the Notitia Imperil, where numerous bodies 
of them appear in the list of the Roman army. 
One body was in Illyricum, their ensign a kind 
of mullet ; another at Rome, their badge a 
circle; the Attacotti Honoriani were in Italy." 
Pinkerton's Inquiry into the History of Scotland, 
part iv. c. 2 ; see also O'Conor's Prolegom., 1 . Ixxi. 
This great Monarch Niall had fourteen sons, 
of whom eight left issue, who are set down in 
the following order by O'Flaherty (Ogyyia, iii. 
85): 1. Laeghaire, from whom are descended 
the O'Coindhealbhains or Kendellans of Ui- 



Laeghaire ; 2. Conall Crimhthainne, ancestor 
of the O'Melaghlins ; 3. Fiacha, a quo the Ma- 
geoghegans and O'Molloys ; 4. Maine, a quo 
O'Caharny, now Fox, O'Breen and Magawley, 
and their correlatives in Teffia. All these re- 
mained in Meath. The other four settled in 
Ulster, where they acquired extensive territo- 
ries : 1. Eoghan, the ancestor of O'Neill, and 
various correlative families; 2. Conall Gulban, 
the ancestor of O'Donnell, &c. ; 3. Cairbre, 
whose posterity settled in the barony of Car- 
bury, in the now county of Sligo, and in the 
barony of Granard, in the county of J^ongford ; 
4. Enda Finn, whose race settled in Tir-Enda, 
in Tirconnell, and in Kinel-Enda, near the hill 
of Uisneach, in Westmeath. 

It was on the occasion of one of the descents 
of this monarch on the coast of Armoric Gaul 
that the soldiers carried off with them, among 
other captives, a youth then in his sixteenth 
year, who was afterwards the chief apostle of 
Ireland, namely, Patrick, the son of Calphurnius ; 
but it is very clear from St. Jerome's notices of 



428.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



129 



The Age of Christ, 428. After Dathi, son of Fiachra, son of Eochaidh 
Muighmheadhoin, had been twenty-three years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
he was killed by a flash of lightning, at Sliabh Ealpa a . 

The Age of Christ, 430. The second year of Laeghaire. In this year Pope 
Celestinus the First sent Palladius" to Ireland, to propagate the faith among the 
Irish, and he landed in the country of Leinster with a company of twelve men. 
Nathi, son of Garchuj refused to admit him ; but, however, he baptized a few 
persons in Ireland, and three wooden churches were erected by him, [namely], 
Cell-Fhine, Teach-na-Komhan, and Domhnach-Arta. At Cell-Fhine he left his 
books, and a shrine with the relics of Paul and Peter, and many martyrs besides. 
He left these four in these churches : Augustinus, Benedictus, Silvester, and 
Solinus. Palladius, on his returning back to Rome (as he did not receive 
respect in Ireland), contracted a disease in the country of the Cruithnigh, and 
died thereof. 

The Age of Christ, 431. The third year of Laeghaire. Saint Patrick was 
ordained bishop by the holy Pope, Celestine the First, who ordered him to go 



Celestius, and from several old Lives of St. Pa- 
trick, that there were Christians in Ireland for 
some time previously to this reign See the 
Editor's 7mA Grammar, Introd., pp. 1. li. 

a Sliabh-Ealpa : i. e. the Alps. For curious 
notices of King Dathi, see Tribes and Customs of 
Ui-Fiachrach, pp. 17 to 27. Duald Mac Firbis 
states from the records of his ancestors that the 
body of Dathi was carried home to Ireland, and 
interred at Rathcroghan, where his grave was 
marked by a red pillar-stone. 

b Palladius From the notice of this mis- 
sionary in Prosper's Chronicle, it is evident 
that there were some communities of Christians 
among the Scoti in Ireland. His words are : 
" Ad Scotos in Christum credentes ordinatus a 
Papa Celestino Palladius primus Episcopus mit- 
titur." The same writer boasts that this new 
missionary to the British isles, while endeavour- 
ing to keep the Roman island of Britain Catholic, 
had made the barbarous [i. e. not Romanized] 
island Christian, " Et ordinato Scotis Episcopo 



dum Romanam insulam studet servare Catho- 
licam, fecit etiam Barbaram Christianam." This 
sanguine announcement was issued by Prosper, 
in a work directed against the Semi-Pelagians, 
before the true result of Palladius's mission had 
reached him. This unsuccessful missionary did 
not live to report at Rome his failure in the 
barbarous island ; but, being driven by a storm 
on the coast of North Britain, there died at 
Fordun, in the district of Magh-Geirgin, or 
Mearns. See Boole of Armagh, fol. 2, p. a; and 
Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 248, col. 2. 

c Three wooden churches. These churches 
were situated in the territory of Ui-Garchon, 
which was washed by the River Inbher-Dea, in 
the east of the present county of Wicklow. 
Cellfine is unknown ; Teach-na-Romhan, House 
of the Romans, is probably the place called Ti- 
groni ; and Domhnach-Arta is probably the pre- 
sent Dunard, near Redcross. For the various 
authorities which mention the erection of these 
churches see Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 249. 



130 



[432. 



Celepcinup, po pupail paip rocr oocum nGpeann, Do pfnmoip-] DO ppoicepc 
cpeomi -| cpabaiD Do 5 it> ea ^ a1 ^. 1 Dia mbairpeaDh mip. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfichpe ceo cpiocha aoo. C(n cearparhao bliaDain Do 
Laojaipe. paccpaicc Do cheachc i nGpmn an bliaoainpi, 50 po jab pop 
baicpeaD -| beannachaij; Gpeann, piopa, mna, maca, ~\ ingfna, cen mo cd 
uachaD na po paorh baicpioD na cpeiDearh uaD, ariiuil aipne&eap a b'eaca. 

Gch Upturn DO porhujhaDh la pacpaicc lap na fohpaipc Do pheblim, 
mac Laejhaipe, mic Nell, DO Ohia, Doporh, Do Lomman, ~\ Do popcchfpn. 
plann TTlamipepec cecinir. 



, ab 6ipeann uile, mac Calppamn, mic 
mic Deippe, nap Doij DO liuD, mic Copmuic TTlhoip, mic Leibpiuc, 
mic Oca, mic Oppic mair, mic TTloipic, mic Leo in lanpair, 
mic TTla^imi, maipg na ploinn, mic Gncpecca aipo alainD, 
mic pflipc ip peppap 015 cac, mic pepem jan anpac, 
mic bpiccam, Dobpa in mapa, o caic bpecam bpucmapa, 
Cochmap a macaip malla, Nemrhop a b'aile baja, 
Don mumain m cael a cuio, po paop ap pucaip pdopaij. 



d Came to Ireland. The place where St. Pa- 
trick landed is the subject of much dispute 
among the Irish writers. Mageoghegan, in his 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, states that he landed 
at Wicklow, where he was opposed by the 
Leinstermen, one of whom struck one of his 
companions on the mouth with a stone, and 
knocked out four of his teeth, for which reason 
he was afterwards called Mantanus, or the tooth- 
less, and the church of Cill-Mantain, now Wick- 
low, is said to have taken its name from him 

See also Ussher's Primordia, pp. 845, 846. Mr. 
Moore thinks that Inbhear-Dea? was the harbour 
of Dublin, but this opinion is founded on a mis- 
reading of Evolenorum for Cuolenorum by Ussher, 
in Probus's Life of St. Patrick, which the Book 
of Armagh enables us to correct. Prom the si- 
tuation of Cualann and Ui-Garchon, in which 
Inbher De was, it is more than probable that 
it was at Bray Patrick landed. 



e His Life. Seven Lives of St. Patrick have 
been published by Colgan in his Trias Thaum., 
of which the seventh, which is called Vita Tri- 
partita, and is ascribed to St. Evin, is the most 
copious. Ussher had another life, divided into 
three parts, which, from the several quotations 
he gives from it, appears to be very different 
from the Tripartite Life published by Colgan. It 
appears, from the various Lives of this saint, 
that several tribes of the Irish not only refused 
to be converted, but attempted to murder St. 
Patrick. Giraldus Cambrensis says that Ire- 
land never produced a single martyr, and all 
the modern Irish historians have asserted that, 
"'by a singular blessing of Providence, not a 
single drop of blood was shed, on account of re- 
ligion, through the entire course of the conver- 
sion of the Pagan Irish to Christianity." But 
whoever will read the Tripartite Life of St. Pa- 
trick, as published by Colgan, will find that the 



432.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



131 



to Ireland, to preach and teach faith and piety to the Gaeidhil, and also to bap- 
tize them. 

The Age of Christ, 432. The fourth year of Laeghaire. Patrick came to 
Ireland" 1 this year, and proceeded to baptize and bless the Irish, men, women, 
sons, and daughters, except a few who did not consent to receive faith or bap- 
tism from him, as his Life 6 relates. 

Ath-Truim was founded by Patrick, it having been granted by Fedhlim, son 
of Laeghaire, son of Niall, to God and to him, Loman, and Fortchern. Flann 
Mainistrech f cecinit : 

Patrick, Abbot of all Ireland, son of Calphrann g , son of Fotaide, 

Son of Deisse, not fit to be dispraised, son of Cormac Mor, son of Lebriuth, 

Son of Ota, son of Orric the Good, son of Moric, son of Leo of full success, 

Son of Maximus, 'tis not unfit to name him, son of Encretti, the tall and comely, 

Son of Philisti, the best of men, son of Fereni without a tempest, 

Son of Britan 11 , otter of the sea, from whom the vigorous Brifons came ; 

Cochnias was his modest mother ; Nemthor his native town ; 

Of Munster not small his share, which Patrick redeemed from sorrow. 



Pagan Irish made several attempts at murdering 
Patrick, and that he had frequently but a nar- 
row escape. He will be also convinced that our 
modern popular writers have been guilty of 
great dishonesty in representing the labours of 
Patrick as not attended with much difficulty. 
Nothing is clearer than that Patrick engrafted 
Christianity on the Pagan superstitions with so 
much skill, that he won the people over to the 
Christian religion before they understood the 
exact difference between the two systems of 
belief ; and much of this half Pagan half Chris- 
tian religion will be found, not only in the Irish 
stories of the middle ages, but in the supersti- 
tions of the peasantry of the present day. 

f Flann Mainistrech : i. e. Flann of the Mo- 
nastery. He was abbot of Mainistir-Buithe, 
now Monasterboice, in the county of Louth, 

and died in December, 1056 See O'Eeilly's 

Descriptive Catalogue of Irish Writers, p. Ixxv. 

S 



* Son of Calphrann St.Patrick himself gives 
us two generations of his pedigree, in his Con- 
fessio, as follows : " Patrem habui Calpornium 
diaconum, filium quondam Potiti presbyteri, 
qui fuit in vico Bonavem Tabernise : villulam 
Enon prope habuit ubi capturam dedi." 

h Britan This pedigree is clearly legendary, 
because Britan, from whom the Britons are said 
to have derived their .name and origin, is said, by 
all the Irish writers, to have flourished before 
the arrival of the Tuatha-De-Dananns in Ire- 
land ; and, therefore, to deduce the Irish apostle's 
pedigree from him in fifteen generations, cannot 
now, for a moment, stand the test of criticism. 
See this pedigree given from various authorities 
in Colgan's Trias Thaum., pp. 4, 224. 

After this quotation from Flann, the Stowe 
copy has the following observation: " San oapa 
ouille um Diaij aca an cuio ele oon ouanp 
.i. map a bpuil ' ITluinctp paopuijj na pac- 









132 



[434. 



Qoip Cpiopc, cfichpe ceD cpiochac a cfchaip. Ctn peipeaD bliaDain 
Do Laojaipe. Loapn mac Gachach TTluinpfriiaip DO jenfD. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfichpe ceo cpiocha a cuig. Qn peaccmaD bliaDam Do 
Laojaipe. bpeapal belach, mac piacha Qicfoha, mic Cachaoip TTloip, (pi 
Laighean) 065. 

Cloip Cpiopc, ceicpe ceD cpiocha a pe. Ctn coccmaD bliaDam Do plainop 
Laojaipe. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, ceichpe cheD cpiochac a peace. Qn naorhaD bliabain Do 
Laojaipe. pionobapp mac ua baipoene oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceD cpiocha a hochc. Qn DfchmaD bliabam DO 
Laojaipe. Seancup -| peneachup na hGpeann Do jlanaDl Do pcpiobaD, ap 
ccfclamaD pcpeapcpaD -] pfmleabap nGpeann co haon majjin, ap impibe 
Naom pacpaicc. QciaO anopo naoi pailje pochaijceacha lap a nofpnaD 
inopin. Laojaipe (.1. pi Gpeann), Copcc -] Daipe an cpiup pfojh, paopuicc, 
benen, -\ Caipnech an cpiup naorh, l?op, Oubchach, -\ pfpjup an cpiup 
peanchaD, arhail Deapbap an pann. 



cep,' " i. e. " On the second leaf following the 
rest of this poem is [given], i. e. where occurs 
' Muintir Padruig na Patter ; ' " which Dr. 
O'Conor translates, ridiculously, as follows : 
" In Scholarum libris de rebus divinis extat 
pars reliqua hujus carminis, i. e. de mirabilibus 
familiee Patricii orationum." See the poem so 
beginning, p. 134, line 13, infra. The object of 
the note by the Four Masters is simply to in- 
form the reader that the lines beginning "Muin- 
ter Padruy" are a continuation of the poem of 
Flann Mainistreach. 

' Loarn. He was one of the Dal-Riada of 
Ulster who settled in Alba or Scotland. 

J Breasal Bealach. He is called Bex LagenicK 
in the Annals of Ulster. He is the common 
ancestor of the Kavanaghs, O'Byrnes, O'Tooles, 
and other families of Leinster. See Leabhar na 
gCeart, p. 203. 

k Mac Ua Bairdene. This Finnbharr is to be 
distinguished from the first Bishop of Cork and 
others of a similar name. His name does not 



occur in the Feilire-Aenguis, or in O'Clery's Irish 
Calendar. It would appear from various autho- 
rities, which Ussher and Colgan have regarded 
as trustworthy, but which Dr. Lanigan rejects 
as fabulous, that by Uabard the Irish writers 
meant Longobardus, or a Lombard. Thus Ees- 
titutus, the husband of Liemania, St. Patrick's 
sister, is called one time Hua-Baird, and at ano- 
ther time Longobardus See Petrie's Inquiry 
into the Origin and Uses of the Round Towers of 
Ireland, p. 164; Ussher's Primordia, p. 825 ; Col- 
gan's Trias Thaum., p. 226, col. 2 ; Dr. O'Conor's 
Prolegomena ad Annales, pp. 1. Ixiv. 

1 The Seanchm and Feinechus : i. e. the His- 
tory and Laws. The work said to have been 
compiled on this occasion is usually called the 
Seanchus Mor, and in the Annals of Ulster 
Chronicon Magnum. There are fragments of a 
work so called in the manuscript Library of 
Trin. Coll. Dub., H. 3. 17, and H. 3, 18. and a 
more perfect one in the British Museum. Jo- 
celyn also refers to it (as if he had seen it) under 



434.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



133 



The Age of Christ, 434. The sixth year of Laeghaire. Loarn 1 , son of 
Eochaidh Muinreamhar, was born. 

The Age of Christ, 435. The seventh year of Laeghaire. Breasal Bea- 
lach j , son of Fiacha Aiceadh, son of Cathaeir Mor (King of Leinster), died. 

The Age of Christ, 436. The eighth year of the reign of Laeghaire. 

The Age of Christ, 437. The ninth year of Laeghaire. Finnbharr Mac 
Ua Bairdene", died. 

The Age of Christ, 438. The tenth year of Laeghaire. The Seanchus and 
Feinechus 1 of Ireland were purified and written, the writings and old books 
of Ireland having been collected [and brought] to one place, at the request of 
Saint Patrick. These were the nine supporting props by whom this was done: 
Laeghaire, i. e. King of Ireland, Core, and Daire, the three kings ; Patrick, 
Benen, and Cairneach, the three saints ; Ross, Dubhthach, and Fearghus, the 
three antiquaries, as this quatrain testifies : 



the name of Canoin-Phadruig, incorrectly for 
Cain-Phadruig, i. e. Patrick's Law, as follows : 
" Magnum etiam volumen quod dicitur Canoin 
Phadruig, id est, CanonesPairicii scripsit ; quod 
cuilibet persons, seu seculari, seu etiam Eccle- 
siasticse, ad justiciam exercendam, et salutem 
uninm: obtinendam, satis congrue convenit." 
Trias Thaum., pp. 214, col. 1. SeePetrie's An- 
tiquities of Tara Hill, in which (pp. 47-54) long 
extracts are given from the prefatory account of 
this work in the manuscript above referred to ; 
and p. 56, where the author draws the following 
conclusion respecting its origin and nature : 

" On the whole, then, it may be safely con- 
cluded from the preceding evidences, that the 
Seanchus Mor was not, as Colgan and the sub- 
sequent writers supposed, a mixed compilation 
of history and law, but a body of laws solely ; 
and though, perhaps, there is not sufficient evi- 
dence to satisfy an unprejudiced person that 
the Apostle of Ireland had any share in its 
composition, or even that its origin can be 
traced to his time, little doubt can be enter- 
tained that such a work was compiled within a 
short period after the full establishment of 



Christianity in the country. It is even highly 
probable that St. Patrick, assisted by one of the 
Bards converted to Christianity, may have laid 
the foundation of a revision of such of the Pagan 
laws and usages of the country as were incon- 
sistent with the doctrines of the Gospel ; and 
that such a work, when compiled by the labour 
of his successors, was ascribed to him, to give it 
greater authority with the people. And this 
conjecture is supported by the Annals of Ulster, 
so remarkable for their accuracy, which record, 
at the year 438, the composition of the Chronicon 
Magnum, or, as it is called in the original Irish, 
in the fine manuscript of these Annals in Trinity 
College, Seanchus Mor, a statement most proba- 
bly derived from the older Annals of Tighernach, 
which are now defective at that period." 

It is distinctly stated in H. 3. 18, that the 
Seanchus Mor was otherwise called Cain Pha- 
druig, i. e. Patrick's Law, and that no indivi- 
dual Brehon of the Gaeidhil (Irish Scoti) has 
dared to abrogate any thing found in it. Hence 
it is clear that Jocelyn has misnamed the " mag- 
num volumen," containing civil and ecclesiastical 
laws, by the name of Canoin Phadruig, for that 



134 



[440. 



Laojaipe, Cope, Oaipe Dup, paopaicc, benen, Caipnfch coip, 
Rop, Oubchach, Peapgup 50 peb, naoi pailje pen pfncaip moip. 

doip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo cficpacha. On Oapa bliaoain Decc Do Caojaipe. 
TTlaine, mac Nell Naoijiallaij, Decc. 

Cloip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo cfcpacha a cfcaip. Ctn peipeaD bbaDain Decc 
DO Laojaipe mac Neill ipin TCighe. 

C[oip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo, cfcpacha apeachc. Qnaoi Decc DO Laojaipe. 
SecunDinup .1. Seachnall, mac ua baipD, mac pfcap pacpaicc .1. Oaipepca, 
eppcop Ctpoa ITIacha, cuicc bliaDna pfccmojac a aoip an can po paoiD a 
ppipac .1. 27 Nouembep. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceicpe ceo cfcpacha a hochc. Qn picfcrhao bliaDam Do 

Lao^aipe. 

TTluinncep phaDpuij na paccep, acca paibe po Laiccen, 
TTleabpa lim, m cuipc cpanna, a nuipc ip a nanmanna. 
Sechnall a eppog gan ace, TTlocca ap pein a pagapc, 



was the name by which the Irish designated 
St. Patrick's copy of the Gospels, now known 
as the Book of Armagh. 

m Core. This quotation is evidently apochry- 
phal. He was not contemporary with King 
Laeghaire or St. Patrick's mission, for he was 
the grandfather of Aenghus Mac Nadfraich, the 
first Christian King of Munster Ogy gia,\i\. t l '86. 

n Cairneach He could have scarcely been 

alive in 438, and he could not possibly have been 
then an ecclesiastic, for he died in 530, near .a 
century afterwards, and Benignus or Benen was 
but a boy in 438. See LeabJiar na-gCeart, In- 
troduction, p. iii. et sequent. 

Maine, son of Niall. He was the ancestor 
of the O'Caharnys, O'Breens, Magawleys, and 
other families of Teffia, which was sometimes 
called Tir-Maine from him. 

p Seachnall Mac Ua Baird. According to all 
the ancient Irish authorities, he was the son of 
Liamhain or Liemania, otherwise called Darerca, 
one of the sisters of St. Patrick, by Restitutus 



the Lombard, and the author of a hymn in 
praise of St. Patrick, published by Colgan in 
Trias Thaum., p. 211 See Ussher's Primordia, 
p. 824, and Lanigan's Eccl. Hist. Irel., vol. i. 
pp. 259, 271, where it is shewn from various 
authorities that he was a suffragan bishop to St. 
Patrick, and that his principal church was Domh- 
nach Sechnail, i. e. the Church of Sechnall, now 
Dunshaughlin, in Meath, where he was placed 
by St. Patrick about the year 443, and died in 
448. Dr. Lanigan scoffs at the idea of Darerca, 
the sister of St. Patrick, being married to Ees- 
titutus, a Lombard. In the Annals of Ulster, ad 
ann. 439, it is stated that Seachnall, or Secun- 
dinus, was sent to Ireland, along with two other 
bishops, Auxilius and Isernius, to assist St. Pa- 
trick. The only authority for making Secun- 
dinus Archbishop of Armagh is a passage in the 
Tripartite Life of St. Patrick (lib. iii. c. 81), 
which states, that before St. Patrick set out for 
Home in search of relics, he had intrusted 
Secundinus with the care of the archbishopric 



440.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



135 



Laeghaire, Corc m , Daire the stern, Patrick, Benen, Cairneach the just, 

Eoss, Dubhthach, Fearghus with goodness, the nine props these of the 
Seanchus Mor. 

The Age of Christ, 440. The twelfth year of Laeghaire. Maine, son of 
Niall of the Nine Hostages, died. 

The Age of Christ, 444. The sixteenth year of Laeghaire, son of Niall, 
in the sovereignty. 

The Age of Christ, 447. The nineteenth year of Laeghaire. Secundinus, 
i. e. Seachnall Mac Ua Baird p , the son of Patrick's sister, Darerca, Bishop of 
Ard-Macha [Armagh], yielded his spirit on the twenty-seventh of November, 
in the seventy-fifth year of his age. 

The Age of Christ, 448. The twentieth year of Laeghaire. 

The family of Patrick 11 of the prayers, who had good Latin, 

I remember ; no feeble court [were they], their order, and their names. 

Sechnair, his bishop without fault ; Mochta* after him his priest ; 



of Armagh and the primacy of Ireland ; but it 
is very clear, from the whole tenor of Patrick's 
proceedings, that he did not go to Rome on this 
occasion ; and it is equally clear that Secundinus 
was never Archbishop of Armagh, though he 
might have resided there while Patrick was 
preaching in other parts of Ireland. 

i The family of Patrick. This poem is very 
incorrectly deciphered and translated by Dr. 
O'Conor. His errors are corrected in this edi- 
tion of it, from a fuller and better copy pre- 
served in the Book of Lecan, fol. 44, b, and 
from a prose list of the twenty-four persons 
constituting the household of St. Patrick pre- 
fixed to it. A list of the principal persons men- 
tioned in this poem is also given by Evinus, in 
the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, lib. iii. c. 98; 
Trias Thaum., p. 167, col. i. 

' Sechnall. " Sanctus enim Secundinus Epis- 
copus, fuit ipsius Vicarius in spiritualibus et 
suffraganeus." Evinus, Trias Thaum., p. 167, 
col. i. 



* Mochta " Sanctus Mocteus fuit ejus Archi- 
prsesby ter." Evinus. This is Mocteus of Louth, 
whose acts are given by Colgan at 24th March. 
In the Calendar of Cashel and Martyrology of 
Donegal, as quoted by Colgan, he is called bi- 
shop, and Ware also gives him this title ; yet 
Adamnan, in his second preface to the Life of 
St. Columba, does not style him bishop ; but 
merely calls him " Proselytus Brito, homo 
sanctus, Sancti Patricii episcopi discipulus, Moc- 
theus nomine." An epistle, referred to by most 
of the Irish annalists, as written by Mocteus him- 
self, was headed with these words : " Mauchteus 
peccator presbyter, sancti Patricii discipulus, in 
Domino salutem." In the Irish Calendar of 
O'Clery it is stated that he lived to the age of 
300 years ; and the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
give him an age of 300 years and three days ; 
but Colgan and Lanigan, after a careful exami- 
nation of the errors of transcribers, and a com- 
parison of collateral facts, have reduced his years 
to 100, or 130. 



136 



[448. 



Gppoj 6pc a bpeiceam bmn, a rpempeap Gppos TTlaccaeipann. 

benen a pailmceaclaib paep, ajup Coerhan a riiacaeih. 

Smell a pfp bein in cluic, ajup Cliccfn a pp coic. 

Cpuimcep TTleapcan jan bine, a capa pa cipppipe. 

Cpuimrep bepcnaic, binne a painn, pagapr meipe mic QlppamD. 

Ct cpi gabaino, sapra a noealb, TDacecr, Laeban, ip popcceapno. 

a cpi cepoa, pa mop par, Qepbuice, Uaipill, i ^apach. 



t Bishop Ere. " Sanctus Ercus Episcopus, 
Cancellarius, et supremus judex in spirituali- 
bus." Evinus. He was the first Bishop of 
Slane, which is described in the Irish Calendar 
of O'Clery at 2nd November, and in a note in 
the Feilire Aenguis, at 16th November, as Fertai 
Fer Feic, by the side of Sidh-Truim, on the west. 
The annals of Ulster refer his death to the year 
514. See Ussher's Primord., p. 1047. His fes- 
tival was held at Slane on the 2nd of November. 

u Maccaeirthinn Although he is not given 
in Evinus's list of St. Patrick's household, 
he is mentioned by him, in part iii. c. 3, as 
" baculus senectutis ipsius, qui eum in hu- 
meris gestabat." In the Book of Lecan he is 
called "a rpenpeap," i. e. "his mighty man, or 
champion." He was the, first Bishop of Clogher, 
and died in the year 506 See Ussher's Pri- 
mord., pp. 856, 1123. It is stated in the Irish 
Calendar of O'Clery, at 15th August, that his 
real name was Aedh, and that he was called 
Feardachrioch when he was abbot of Dairinis. 
His acts are given by Colgan, in his Ada Sanc- 
torum, at 24th March, pp. 737-742. 

w Benen, his psalmist. Dr. O'Conor translates 
this, " Benignus ejus Horarius (sive temporis 
monitor) ;" but he is beneath criticism in this 
and a thousand other instances. Colgan pub- 
lished several chapters from the Life of this 
saint in his Trias Thaum., p. 205. It is stated 
that he became a bishop, and succeeded Patrick 
at Armagh, in 455, and died in 468. He is said 
to have been the original compiler of the Psalter 



of Cashel, and of Leabhar na-gCeart. See the 
edition of that work printed for the Celtic So- 
ciety, Introduction, pp. ii. to xi. 

y Coemhan " Sanctus Coemanus de Kill- 

Choemain, Cubicularius." Evinus. See also 
Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 177, n. 88; and Ada 
Sanctorum, pp. 312, 313. In the list of St. 
Patrick's disciples given in the Book of Lecan, 
he is called " Caeman Chille Riaba, Caemhan 
of Kilready." Dr. O'Conor thinks that he was 
the same as Coemhan of Enach-Truim, in Leix ; 
but this is impossible, for the latter was the 
brother of St. Kevin of Glendalough, who died 
in the year 618. 

1 Sindl, his bell-ringer This is incorrectly 

printed " Sribhall feair bunadaig," by Dr. 
O'Conor. In the list of St. Patrick's household, 
preserved in the Book of Lecan, this line reads, 
" Smell u pep bein in cluic, i. e. Sinell was his 
Bell-ringer." Evinus calls him " Senellus de Kill- 
dareis, Campanarius," on which Colgan writes the 
following note in his Trias Thaum., p. 1 88, n. 1 20 : 
" Cum Cill-dareis idem sit ac cella duarum pal- 
marum, siveduabus palmis lata; forte haec cella, 
est, qu aliter Carcuir Sinchill, i. e. reclusorium 
Sinelli, nuncupatur, jacetque in insula lacus, 
Loch Melge appellati, in finibus septentrionalis 
Connacise." In the prose list preserved in the 
Book of Lecan he is called " Smell Chilli aipip 
a aipnpe, i. e. Sinell of Killairis, his Ostiarius." 

a Aithcen This is printed Aithreoir by Dr. 

O'Conor. Evinus calls him " Athgenius de 
Both-domnaich, coquus," which perfectly agrees 



448.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



137 



Bishop Ere 1 his sweet-spoken Judge ; his champion, Bishop Maccaeirthinn"; 

Benen, his psalmist"; and Coemhan y , his chamberlain ; 

Sinel? his bell-ringer, and Aithcen* his true cook ; 

The priest Mescan", without evil, his friend and his brewer ; 

The priest Bescna , sweet his verses, the chaplain of the son of Alprann. 

His three smiths' 1 , expert at shaping, Macecht, Laebhan 6 , and Fortchern f . 

His three artificers 8 , of great endowment, Aesbuite, Tairill, and Tasach. 



with the prose list in the Book of Lecan. He is 
the patron saint of the church of Badoney, in 
the valley of Gleann-Aichle, near Strabane, in 
Tyrone See Trias Thaum. p. 188, n. 121. His 
pedigree is thus given by O'Clery : " Aithgen, 
of Both-Domhnaigh, son of Dael, son of Maisin, 
son of Fearghus, son of Duach, son of Breasal, 
son of Colla Meann, son of Eochaidh Doimhlen." 

b Mescan. Evinus calls him " Sanctus Mes- 
chanus de Domnach" [Mescain] "juxta Foch- 
muine fluvium, Cerviciarius." The word in 
brackets, which was erroneously omitted by Col- 
gan, has been supplied from the prose list in 
the Book of Lecan. His church was situated 
near the River Fochmhuine, now the Faughan, 
in the county of Londonderry, but it has not 
been yet identified. 

c Bescna. " Sanctus Beschna praesbyter de 
Domnach - dala, Sacellanus." Evinus. This 
church, which is called Domhnach-Dula in the 
prose list in the Book of Lecan, was in the plain 
of Magh-dula, through which the River Moyola, 
in the south of the county of Londonderry, flows. 
See Trias Thaum., p. 188, n. 123. 

A His three smiths Evinus, as edited by Col- 
gan, mentions but two smiths of St. Patrick, 
thus : " Sanctus Maccectus de Domnach-loebain, 
qui reliquiarium illud famosum Finn-faidheach 
nuncupatum fabricavit, et Sanctus Fortchernus 
de Rath-aidme duo fabri ferrarii." But this is 
obviously a blunder of Colgan's, as Loebhan was 
unquestionably the saintofDomhnach-Loebhain. 
In the prose list in the Book of Lecan the former 



is called TTlaccecc 6 Ooriinac Ctpnoin, i. e. Mac- ' 
cecht of Domhnach Arnoin. The text of Evinus 
should stand corrected thus : " Sanctus Mac- 
cectus" [de Domnach-Arnoin, et Sanctus Loeba- 
nus] "de Domnach-loebain, qui reliquiarium 
illud famosum Finn-faidheach nuncupatum fabri- 
cavit ; et Sanctus Fortchernus de Rath-Semni, 
tres fabri ferrarii." The words in brackets shew 
what has been evidently omitted in Colgan's 
edition of the Tripartite Life. 

' Laebhan. There are two saints of this name 
mentioned in the Irish Calendar of the O'Clerys, 
one on the 1st of June, called Loebhan of Ath- 
Eguis, and the other on the 9th of August. 
Colgan states that Domhnach-Loebhain was 
called Cill-Loebhain in his own time, and that 
it was a parish church in the diocese of Clon- 
fert. Trias Thaum., p. 188, n. 129. It is evi- 
dently the church now called Killian. 

' Fortchern " Sanctus Fortchernus de Rath- 
aidme, faber ferrarius." Evinus. In the prose 
list in the Book of Lecan he is called " pop- 
chepn i Raic Semni," i. e. Fortchern of Rath- 
Semhni. He was the son of the Monarch Laegh- 
aire mac Neill, and had a church at Ath- 
Truim, now Trim, in Meath, and another at 
Cill-Fortchern, in Idrone, in the present county 
of Callow. His festival was celebrated at both 
places on the 1 1th of October. 

6 His three artificers. Evinus names them 
as follows : " Sanctus Essa, Sanctus Biteus, ac 
Sanctus Tassa, tres fabri serarii, vasorumque 
sacrorum fabricatores." In the prose list in the 



13 s 



Rioghachca 

a cpi opumecha nac Dip, Lupaio, Gpca, Cpuimcipip. 
O&pan a apagan oil, Rooan, mac bpaja a Buacail, 
Ippip, Cijpip, if Gpca, agup domain la Gibeacca, 
Paopuis pop poppan an becpa, OoiB po ba ceapb peapca, 
Caipniuc pajapc pon baipc, ^epman a oioe can aipg, 
Cpuimcep TTlanac pa mop pac, a pep coip pa connaoac. 
TTlac oa piap banban co mblaiD, TTlapcam bpdcaip arhdcap. 
l?apa po goc ap oglac, TTloconnoc a comjapmac. 



[448. 



Book of Lecan, they are called eppu 1 
Capon, and nevertheless in Flann's poem, which 
is given as the authority for that list, they are 
called Girpmire, GctipiU, Cayxic. The last only 
has been identified. He was the patron saint of 
Rath-Cholptha, now Raholp village, near Saul, 
in the county of Down. The other two names 
have been so corrupted by transcribers that 
they are difficult to determine. Colgan thinks 
that Essa should be Ossa, or Ossan, as Patrick 
had a disciple of that name, whose memory was 
venerated at Trim, in Meath. He makes no 
attempt at identifying Bite, or Biteus. The Irish 
Calendar of O'Clery gives a saint of that name 
at 22nd July, as Biteus, abbot of Inis-Cumh- 
scraidhe, now Inishcourcy, near Downpatrick. 
Tairill is found in Flann's poem only. 

h His three embroiderers. " Sanota Lupita, 
Tigrida, et Crumtheris textrices et sacrorum 
linteorum erant confectrices." Evinus. 

In the prose list in the Book of Lecan they 
are named thus : " Q cpi opumecha .1. 6upaio, 
-| Gpc, mjenDaipi,-] Cpuimchepip, i.e. Lupaid, 
and Ere, daughter of Dairi, and Crumtheris." 
The Lupaid here mentioned was Lupita, Pa- 
trick's own sister. Ere, the daughter of Dairi, 
was no other than Ergnata, the daughter of 
Dairi, King'of Oirther, who granted Armagh to 
Saint Patrick. See a very strange story about 
her in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, lib. iii. 
c. 72. Crumtheris was a lady of royal birth, 
who lived in solitude on the hill of Kenngobha, 



to the east of Armagh See Vit. Trip., lib. iii. 
c. 74; Trias Thaum., p. 163. 

' Odhran. Evinus calls him " Sanctus Odra- 
nus de Disert-Odhrain in Hifalgia, auriga," 
which perfectly agrees with the prose list in 
the Book of Lecan : " Oopcm 6 Oir-epc Oopain 
a jilla apao." He is mentioned in all the Lives 
of St. Patrick published by Colgan See Vita 
Tripart., part iii. c. 56, where there is a curious 
story told about an attempt made by an Irish 
chieftain to murder St. Patrick. 

i Rodan Dr. O'Conor prints this Rochan. 

Evinus calls him " Sanctus Rodanus, Armenta- 
rius." In the prose list in the Book of Lecan, 
he is called " Rooan a Buacail." 

k Ippis, &c These are said to have been the 

five sisters of St. Patrick ; but Dr. Lanigan has 
attempted to shew that St. Patrick had no real 
sisters in Ireland, and thinks that these were 
religious women who were called his sisters in 
a spiritual, not carnal sense. See his Ecclesias- 
tical History of Ireland, vol. i. pp. 125, 126, where 
this acute historian writes : " Still more un- 
founded are the stories concerning St. Patrick's 
sisters, who are said to have been with him in 
Ireland, and their numberless children. Part 
of this stuff is given by Ussher (Primordia, 
p. 824, seqq.) ; but Colgan has collected the whole 
of it in a large dissertation (Trias Thaum., 
p. 224, seqq.)" 

1 Cairniuch. It is so printed by Dr. O'Conor, 
who says in a note : " Omnes vita; vetustiores 



448.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



139 



His three embroiderers", not despicable, Lupaid, Erca, and Cruimthiris. 
Odhran', his charioteer, without blemish, Rodan j , son of Braga, his shepherd. 
Ippis k , Tigris, and Erca, and Liamhain, with Eibeachta : 
For them Patrick excelled in wonders, for them he was truly miraculous. 
Carniuch 1 was the priest that baptized him ; German" 1 his tutor, without ble- 
mish. 

The priest Manach n , of great endowment, was his man for supplying wood. 
His sister's son was Banban, of fame ; Martin p his mother's brother. 
Most sapient was the youth Mochonnoc q , his hospitaller. 



eum appellant Gorniam." 

In the copy of Flann's poem, preserved in the 
Book of Lecan, the reading is : " ^opmap 1n 
jxjcapr po Baipc, Le. Gornias the priest who 
baptized him." 

m German All the Lives of Patrick agree 

that St. Germanus was his tutor. Colgan at- 
tempts to shew that Patrick had been under his 
tuition as early as the year 396 ; but the acute 
Dr. Lanigan clearly proves (vol. i. p. 161), that 
Patrick could not have been under the direction 
of St. German before the year 418. 

n Manach. Evinus calls him : " Sanctus 
Monachus prasbyter focarius lignorumque pro- 
visor." In the prose list in the Book of Lecan 
he is called " Cpuimcfp TTlanac a peap o^nriia 
connai j, i. e. Cruimhther Manach his provider 
of wood." 

His sister's son In the copy of Flann's 

poem, in the Book of Lecan, the reading is, 
"Sfnnan a Bpacaip co mblao, i. e. Seannan 
was his brother" [or cousin] " of fame." Nei- 
ther name has been identified with true history, 
and it is more than probable that both owe their 
existence to the errors of the transcribers. 

f Martin In the Tripartite Life, apud 

Colgan (Trias Thaum., p. 1 17), it is stated that 
Conchessa, St. Patrick's mother, was the sister 
or relative of St. Martin : " Conchessa Ecbatii 
filia ex Francis oriunda, et S. Martini soror, seu 



cognata, ejus mater fuit." But Dr. Lanigan 
thinks that there is not sufficient authority to 
prove this fact : " There is a sort of tradition 
that she" [Conchessa] " was a near relative of 
the great St. Martin of Tours, either his sister, 
or, what is less improbable, a niece of his. I 
have not been able to find any sufficient autho- 
rity for it ; and it seems to be founded on a mis- 
take, in consequence of its having been said that 
St. Patrick, after his release from captivity, 
spent some time with St. Martin at Tours." 
Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, vol. i. p. 124. 

q Mochonnoc. " Sanctus Catanus praesbyter, 
et Ocanotus prsesbyter duo hospitalarii, sive hos- 
pitum ministri." Evinus. 

In the prose list in the Book of Lecan the 
reading is : " Cpuimcep Caoan 6 Camlaccam 
Gpooa, i Cpuimcep m6pojan a oa popme'pi; 
i. e. Priest Cadan of Tamlaghtard, and Priest 
Brogan, his two waiters." 

The memory of St. Cadan, or Catanus, is still 
held in great veneration in the parish of Tam- 
laghtard, or Ardmagilligan, in the barony of 
Keenaght, and county of Londonderry. Colgan 
gives the acts of Mochonnoc at llth February, 
and states that he flourished about A. D. 492; 
but Dr. Lanigan shews that he lived at a much 
later period. See his Ecclesiastical History of 
Ireland, vol. i. p. 425. The Brogan of the prose 
list in the Book of Lecan is evidently intended 
2 



140 



[449. 



Cpibpi ip Lappa na leano, injeana jlana 
TTlacpaib cap pai abip ay 6pc, pa capnjaip pe na rpi uiDeacc 
bpojan pjpibnib a pcoile, Cpuimcep Loga a luamaipe. 
Noca ne nf nac canca, agup TTlacui a pipoatca 
TTlaic peap oampac muinncep mop Da oapo Oia bacaill cen bpon, 
plaici ca cluinncep na ctuic, muinnrep maic muincep phaopuijj. 
In Upmoio jprpean ap cue oailea Duino maic mopjpac 
pan poem cpe aircin mbuic, pa poep DO paccip 



Cfoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo cfcpachac anaoi. blia&am ap pichic Do Laoj- 
aip). CtrhalgaoiD, mac piacpac, mic Gachac TnuTbmf&oin, Diobaib. Uaibe 
Uip nQrhal5ai6. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceD caocca a cpf. Qn cuicceaD blia&ain pichear 
Do Laojaipe. CachppaeineaD mop pm Caojaipe mac Nell pop Lai jmb. 

Goip Cpiopn, cficpe ceo caocca a cfcaip. Ct pe pichfc DO Laojaipe. 
peip Ueampa la Laojjaipe, mac Nell. 



for Brocan, or Brocanus, one of the nephews of 
St. Patrick, mentioned in the Tripartite Life. 
Trias Thaum., pp. 129, 136. 

' Cribri and Lasra. These are called Crebrea 
and Lassera in the Tripartite (Trias Thaum., 
p. 141), where it is stated that they were the 
daughters of Glerannus, son of Cumineus, and 
lived at the church of Kill-Forclann, near Kil- 
lala. Dr. O'Conor, with this evidence before 
him, translates Gleaghrann by candidce as if it 
were an epithet of the virgins, and not their 
father's name. 

s Macraidh, fyc., and Ere The text is clearly 
corrupt here, and the copy in the Book of Lecan 
affords no clue to the correction of it. 

1 Brogan He was the Brocanus, nephew of 
St. Patrick, mentioned by Jocelin in c. 50, and 
by Evinus (ubi supra). 

u Logha In the copy of Flann's poem in the 
Book of Lecan he is called Cpuimcep Cujna, 
which is more correct. His tombstone is still 
preserved near Templepatrick, or Patrick's 



church, on the island of Insi Goill, in Lough 
Corrib, with the following inscription : " 6ie 
lujnaeoon mace Imenueh, i. e. the stone of 
Lugna Don, son of Lemenueh." This inscrip- 
tion, which was discovered by Dr. Petrie, who 
published a fac-simile of it, in his Inquiry into 
the Origin and Uses of the Hound Towers of Ire- 
land, p. 162, is the oldest literal monument yet 
discovered in Ireland. It establishes the exis- 
tence of Lughna and Lemenueh beyond dis- 
pute, but nothing of a similar antiquity has 
been discovered to prove their relationship to 
the Irish Apostle. 

w MachuL He was St. Mochai, of Endrom, 
in Loch Cuan, one of St. Patrick's earliest con- 
verts, to whom he gave a copy of the Gospels 
and what was called a Ministeir, or portable re- 
liquary : " Baptizavit eum ac totondit, et dedit 
ei Evangelium> et Ministeir." Vita Sec., c. 32. 

* May the Trinity. In the book of Lecan, the 
poem of Flann on St. Patrick's household con- 
cludes thus : 



449-] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



141 



Cribri and Lasra r , of mantles, beautiful daughters of Gleaghrann. 

Macraith the wise, and Erc s , he prophesied in his three wills. 

Brogan', the scribe of his school ; the priest Logha", his helmsman, 

It is not a thing unsung, and Machui his true fosterson. 

Good the man whose great family they were, to whom God gave a crozier 

without sorrow ; 

Chiefs with whom the bells are heard, a good family was the family of Patrick. 
May the Trinity 1 , which is powerful over all, distribute to us the boon of great 

love ; 
The king who, moved by soft Latin, redeemed by Patrick's prayer. 

The Age of Christ, 449. The twenty-first year of Laeghaire. Amhal- 
ghaidh y , s^on of Fiachra, son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, died. From him 
Tir-Amhalghaidh [is named]. 

The Age of Christ, 453. The twenty-fifth year of Laeghaire. A great 
defeat [was given] by Laeghaire to the Leinstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 454. The twenty-sixth year of Laeghaire. The feast 
of Teamhair [was celebrated] by Laeghaire, son of Niall. 



"Q nimpioi pn le piano, co pia pochpaic can 

impall, 

Co mine icep plaiciB niriie, ac maichiB na 
muinnpe." 

" These" [saints] " are implored by Flann, that 

he may obtain reward without doubt, 
With meekness amongst the nobles4bf heaven, 
through the chiefs of this family." 

Dr. O'Conor says that he does not know 
whence the Four Masters copied this poem. It 
is not contained in either of the Dublin copies, 
and Dr. O'Conor's printed copy of it is corrupted 
to agree with his own idea of the meaning. The 
copy of Flann's poem preserved in the Book of 
Lecan, fol. 44, b., is much better and more co- 
pious, and contains the names of several officers 
of Patrick's household not mentioned in Evin's 
list, or even in the prose list prefixed to the poem 
itself in the.Book of Lecan, such as Cromdumhan, 



his mucaibe, or swineherd ; his three builders, 
Caemhan, Cruithnech, and Luchraidh ; his three 
physicians, Sechnan, Ogma, Aithemail ; his libra- 
rian, Setna, the Pious, son of Corcran, &c., &c. 
Ussher quotes this poem (Primordia, p. 895), as 
written in very ancient Irish verses, giving a 
catalogue of St. Patrick's domestics, as authority 
for the existence of a Senex Patricius, ceano a 
ppuichi penopach, who died, according to the 
Annals of Connaught, in the year 454. 

y Amhcdghaidh. He was King of Connaught 
about the year 434, when he was converted 
to Christianity by St. Patrick, together wi{h 
12,000 men. See Genealogies, fyc., ofHy-Fiach- 
racfi, pp. 310, 462. See also, for the oldest ac- 
count of this conversion, the Book of Armagh, 
fol. 10, 11 ; Ussher's Primordia, p. 864. The 
territory of Tir-Amhalghaidh, now the barony 
of Tirawley, on the west of the River Moy, in 
the county of Mayo, derived its name from him. 



142 



[456. 



8. Upaille Gppucc a Chill Upaille hi Lipe [oecc] fleun. du^pc. 

Cfoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceD caocca ape. Ct hochc pichfc Do Laojaipe. 
6nDa, mac Cacba&a, Oecc. 

doip Cpiopc, cfirpe ceo caoja a peachc. Q naoi pichfc Do Laojaipe. 
Cach Ctcha Dapa pia Caijmb pop Laojaipe, mac Nell. Ro jabab Dna 
Caojaipe ipm each pin,-) DO paD Caojaipe pacha gpene ] gaoiche,-) na 
noul DO Laijnib nac ciocpab poppa cpia bichu, ap a legaD ua&a. 

QpD TTlacha opochuccab la Naom pacpaicc mp na fohbaipc Do 6 Ohaipe 
mac pionncaba mic Gogham mic Niallain. T?o hoiponroh Da pip Decc laip 
ppi cumoac an baile. T?o chionchoipcc Doib cfcup, cachaip aipoeppcoip Do 
6fnam ipuiDe, -] ecclup DO manchaib, -| Do chailleacha, -| DupDaib oile 
apchfna Doigh po pinDpiom combab pi buD cfnn, -] bub clfiche oeccailpib 
Gpfnn a coicchinne. 

Sean pacpaicc Do paoibfoh a ppiopaioe. 



z Oil- Usaille : i. e. the Church of Auxilius, 
now Killossy, near Naas, in the county of Kil- 
dare. No part of the old church of Killossy 
now remains, but there is a part of an ancient 
round tower, with a square base, attached to 
the modern church, which bespeaks the anti- 
quity of the place. See Ussher's Primordia, 
pp. 826, 827 ; and Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 
p. 658. The Annals of Ulster place the death 
of Auxilius in the year 460, which is the cor- 
rect date. 

' Ath-dara: i. e. the Ford of the Oak. In the 
Irish historical tract called Borumha-Laighean, 
this ford is described as on the Kiver Bearbha, 
[Barrow] in the plain of Magh-Ailbhe. There 
was a earn erected on the brink of the river, in 
which the heads of the slaughtered forces of 
Leath-Chuinn were interred. The notice of this 
battle is entered in the Annals of Ulster, under 
the year 458, as follows: 

" An. 458. Car Qra oapa pop 6aojaipe pe 
taijnib, in quo et ipse captus est, sed tune dimis- 
sus est, jurans per Solem et Vmtum se loves eis 
dimissurum, n i. e. " The battle of Ath-dara" 



[was gained] " over Laeghaire by the Leinster- 
men, in which he himself was taken prisoner ; 
but he was then set at liberty, swearing by the 
Sun and the Wind that he would remit them 
the Borumha." Mageoghegan gives it as fol- 
lows, in English, in his Annals of Clonmacnoise : 

" The Lynstermen fought the battle of Ath- 
dara against King Lagerie, wherein King La- 
gerie himself was taken captive, and his army 
altogether overthrown ; but the King was en- 
larged uppn his oath by the Sun and Moon 
(which was solemnly sworn by him) to restore 
them their cows." 

Here it is quite evident that Mageoghegan 
translated this last clause, " to restore them 
their cows," from a Latin original: "seboves 
eis dimissurum." But this is clearly not the 
meaning intended by the original annalist. In 
the account of this battle preserved in Ledbhar na 
h- Uidhri, fol. 76, b. 2, it is stated that Laeghaire 
swore by the Sun and Moon, the Water and the 
Air, Day and Night, Sea and Land, that he 
would never again, during life, demand the Bo- 
rumean tribute of the Leinstermen. ' Connn 



456.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



143 



Saint Usaille, Bishop of Cill Usaille z , in Liffe, [died] on the twenty-seventh 
of August. 

The Age of Christ, 456. The twenty-eighth year of Laeghaire. Enda, 
son of Cathbhadh, died. 

The Age of Christ, 45J. The twenty-ninth year of Laeghaire. The battle 
of Ath-dara a [was fought] against the Leinstermen by Laeghaire, son of Niall. 
Laeghaire was taken in that battle ; and Laeghaire took oaths by the Sun and 
the Wind, and [all] the elements, to the Leinstermen, that he would never come 
against them, after setting him at liberty. 

Ard-Macha" was founded by Saint Patrick, it having been granted to him 
by Daire, son. of Finnchadh , son of Eoghan, son of Niallan. Twelve men were 
appointed by him for building the town. He ordered them, in the first place, 
to erect an archbishop's city d there, and a church for monks, for nuns, and for 
the other orders in general, for he perceived that it would be the head and chief 
of the churches of Ireland in general. 

Old Patrick 6 yielded his spirit. 



in m&opomi cm bao beo.' And this 
is the true meaning even of the Latin, ' se boves 
eis dimissurum.' " 

b Ard-Macha: i.e. the Height of Macha, a 
woman's name. Some say that she was Macha, 
the wife of Nemhidh. See Magh- Macha, p. 1 0, 
note w , supra ; but others will have it that she 
was the more celebrated Macha Mongruadh, the 
foundress of the royal fortEmania, near Armagh. 
Ussher (Primordia, p. 854) thought that the 
name was compounded of ard, high, and mocha, 
a field ; but no Irish scholar ever gave it that 
interpretation. The Annals of Ulster refer the 
foundation of Armagh to the year 444 : 

" A. D. 444. Ardmachafundata est. Ab urbe 
condita usque ad- hunc urbem fundatum MCXCIV." 
See also Ussher's Primordia, pp. 854, 855, et 
seq.; and Colgan's Trias Thanm., p. 293. 

c Daire, son of Finnchadh This Daire, who 

was chief of Regio Orientalium, now the Oriors, 
in the county of Armagh, was a descendant of 
Colla Dachrich. From his uncle, Muireadhach, 



son of Eoghan, son of Niallan, the O'Hanlons of 
Crioch-na-nOirther, now the baronies of Orior, 
in the county of Armagh, are descended. 

d An archbishop's city For a curious account 
of the erection of Armagh the reader is referred 
to the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, as published 
by Colgan, part iii. c. 78, Trias Thaum., p. 164. 

' Old Patrick In the poem of Flann on the 
household of St. Patrick, as preserved in the 
Book of Lecan, fol. 44, b, and as quoted by 
Ussher (Primord. p. 895), he is made the head 
of St. Patrick's seniors : " Caput sapientum 
seniorum ejus." 

The Annals of Connaught, as quoted by 
Ussher, refer his death to the year 453, and the 
Annals of Ulster to 457- According to the 
Feilire-Aenguis, this Sean Phadruig, or older 
Patrick, was the tutor of the great Apostle of 
Ireland ; and the glossographer adds that he 
was the Patrick of Glastonbury See Petrie's 
Antiquities of Tara Hill, p. 73. Dr. Lanigan 
scoffs at the idea of the existence of any other 



144 



[458. 



doip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo, caocca a hochc. lap mbfic ofic mbliabra pichfc 
hi pijhe nGpeann Do Laojaipe mac NeU Naoigiallaij; acbac i rcaob Caippi 
eoip Gpinn -\ dlbain .1. Da cnoc laDpi&e pilfc in Uib paoldin,-] spian -] gaoch 
pop mapbpom ap pa papaij IOD. ConiD Do pin acbfpc an pill, 

Qcbach Laojaipe mac Nell ' 
pop caob caippi glap a cfp 
Duile De aDpaejaio paich 
rucpar Dail mbaip poppan pigh. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo caocca anaoi. Ctn ceio bliaoain DOilill TTlolr, 
mac Oachi, mic piachpach, hi pije nGpenn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo peapcca a DO. Qn cfcparhaD bliaoam oOilill. 
Oomhanjopc mac Nippi Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceD peapca acpi. Qn cuicceab bbabain oOilill. 
peip Ceampa la hOilill TTlolc an bliabainpi. 



St. Patrick except the great Apostle of Ireland, 
but he is evidently over-sceptical. 

' Thirty years O'Flaherty says that the 

thirty years allowed to his reign must be un- 
derstood as subsequent to the conversion of the 
Irish to Christianity : " Ut in Codice Lecano 
(foL 306, a) ita Latine explicatur : Triginta annis 
regnum Hibernice post advenlum Patridi tenuit." 
Ogygia, p. 249. "With this account the cu- 
rious computation of Tirechan, in the Book of 
Armagh, very nearly accords, as follows : 

" A passione autem Christi cotteguntur anni 
436, usque ad mortem Patridi. Duobus autem 
vel v. annis regnavit Loiguire post mortem Patridi. 
Omnis autem regniillius tempos xxxvi. utputarnus." 
fol. 9, a. 2. 

6 He died. According to the historical tract 
called the BorumJia Leaghan, Laeghaire, in two 
years and a half after swearing by the elements 
that he would never again demand the Borumha, 
made an incursion into Leinster and seized a prey 
of cows at Sidh-Neachtain, where the Boyne has 
its source ; but as he advanced to the side of 



Caissi, the elements wreaked their vengeance 
upon him, that is, the Air forsook him, the Sun 
burned him, and the Earth swallowed him. His 
death is entered in the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
as follows : 

" King Lagerie died an ill death. Some say 
he sunk down in the Earth between the two 
hills, neer the River of Liffie, called Ireland and 
Scotland, but the most part agree that he was 
stroken dead at a place called Taev Caisy, neere 
the Liffie, by the Wynde and Sun, for forswear- 
ing himself to the Lynstermen, for the restitu- 
tion of the Cowes, which he was sworne to per- 
forme at the time of his captivity. He died 
about the year 458." 

The Annals of Tighernach and the Annals of 
Ulster state that Laeghaire met his death at 
Greallach Gaifill [or Daphill], in Campo-Life, 
between the hills Ere and Alba, and that the 
Leinstermen asserted that the Sun and the 
Wind killed him. 

In the very curious account of the death of 
Laeghaire, preserved in the Lealhar-na h Uidhri, 



458.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



145 



The Age of Christ, 458. After Laeghaire, the son of Niall of the Nine 
Hostages, had been thirty years f in the sovereignty of Ireland, he died g by the 
side of Caissi, between Eire and Alba, i. e. two hills which are in Ui-Faelain ; 
and [it was] the Sun and the Wind that killed him, because he had violated 
them. Concerning which the poet said : 

Laeghaire, son of Niall", died 

On the side of Caissi, green its land ; 

The elements of God, whose guarantee he had violated, 

Inflicted the doom of death upon the king. 

The Age of Christ, 459. The first year of Oilioll Molt, son of Dathi, son 
of Fiachra, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 462. The fourth year of Oilioll. Domhangort 1 , son^ 
of Nissi, died. 

The Age of Christ, 463. The fifth year of Oilioll. The feast of Teamhair* 
[was celebrated] by Oilioll Molt this year. 



it is stated that it had been prophesied to him 
that he would come by hia death between Ere 
and Alba [Ireland and Scotland], for which 
reason he [unlike his father, Niall] never went 
on any naval expedition, that he went a second 
time, without regard to his oaths, with a great 
army, against the Leinstermen, to demand the 
Borumean tribute ; but that, when he reached 
Greallach-Daphill, by the side of Cassi, in Magh 
Liphi, between the two hills, Ere and Alba, he 
was killed by the Sun and the Wind, and the 
other elements by which he had sworn. It is 
further stated that the body of Laeghaire was 
afterwards carried to Tara, and interred with 
his weapons upon him in the south-east of the 
external rampart of Eath-Laeghaire, at Tara, 
with his face turned towards the Lagenians, as 
if in the attitude of fighting with them. The 
fact of his body being so interred is also men- 
tioned in the Annotations of Tireachan, in the 
Book of Armagh, and it is added that Laeghaire 
could not believe in the Christian religion, 



because he had made a promise to his father, 
Niall, that he would not swerre.from the Pagan 
customs : 

" Sed non potuit credere dicens : Nam Neel 
pater meus non sinivit mini credere, sed ut 
sepeliar in cacuminibus Temro, quasi viris con- 
sistentibus in bello : quia utuntur Gentiles in 
sepulchris armati prumptis armis facie ad faciem 
usque ad diem Erdathe apud Magos, id est, 
judicii diem Domini." fol. 1 0, a, 2. See Petrie's 
Antiquities of Tara Hill, pp. 145, 146. 

b Laeghaire, son of Niall. This quatrain is 
also quoted in Leabhar-na-hUidhri, but the 
author's name is nowhere mentioned. 

' Domhangort He was King of Alba, or 

Scotland, according to the Ann. of Clon. 

k The feast of Teamhair. Thus noticed in the 
Annals of Ulster : " Cena Temra la hAilill Molt, 
Sic in Libro Cuanach inveni." And in the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, as follows : " King 
Oilill Molt made the Great Feast of Taraghe, 
called Feis-Taragh." 



146 



[464. 



Chip Cpiope, cecpe cheo pfpcca a cfeaip. Qn peipeab bliabain oOilill. 
Car Duma Clichip pia Laijnib pop Cdlill Hlolc. 

Conall ^ulban, mac Neill Naoijiallaij, (o ccdcc Cenel cConaill) Do 
mapbab la pfn cuachaib Hlaije plechc lap na pojbdil i mbaojal, -\ a aona- 
cal i ppio&nac TTlhaije Rein, la Naom Caillm, arhail aipneibfp beaca an 

naoirh perhpaice. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceicpe ceo peapccac a cuicc. Ctn peaccrhab blmDain 
DOilill ITlolc. Peip Ceampa la hOilill ITlolc. 

Gojan.mac Neill Naoijiallaij, (6 ccaccCenel nGojain), oecc Do chumaib 
Chonaill ^hulban, mic Neill Naoijiallaig,-] a abnacal i nUipge caofn i nlmp 
Gojam, oia nebpab. 

Qcbac 6ojan, mac Neill, 
pe oeopaib, bd maic a maoin, 
cpe ecc Chonaill na ccleap ccpuaib, 
50 ppuil a uaij i nUipcce caoin. 

Cpiomcann, mac 6nt>a Cenpelai j, pi Laijfn, DO mapbao la mac a injine 
bubein, .1. GochaiD ^u' 11 ^" Do ^ 1D baippce. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceichpe ceo peapcca a pe. Q hochc oOilill. peip Ueampa 
la hOilill ITlolc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cfirpe cheo peapcca a peace. Qnaoi oOilill mole, beneri, 
mac Seipccnem, eppcop QpDa maca, DO paoibfo a ppiopaicce. 



i Dumha-Aichir : i. e. Aicher's or Heber's 
mound. Not identified. 

m The Cinel-Conaill: i. e. the Race of Conall, 
i. e. the O'Donnells, and their correlative fami- 
lies in Tirconnell, or the county of Donegal. 

n Magh-Slecht. According to the Book of 
Fenagh, Conall Gulban was killed by the Mas- 
raidhe, an ancient tribe of the Firbolgs, who 
were seated in the plain of Magh Slecht (around 
Ballymagauran, in the north-west of the county 
of Cavan). He had gone upon a predatory ex- 
cursion into their territory, and seized upon a 
great prey of horses; but he was pursued and 
overtaken at Loch Saloch, near Fenagh, in the 
county of Leitrim, where he was slain and 



buried See note % at A. M. 3656, p. 43, 
supra. 

Saint Caillin. This is clearly an anachro- 
nism, and is a fabrication of the writer of the 
Life of St. Caillin, preserved in the Book of 
Fenagh. St. Caillin was contemporary with St. 
Columbkille, and could not have been born in 
the year 464, much less abbot of Fenagh in 
Magh-Rein. 

p Cinel-JEoghain : i. e. the Race of Eoghan. 
These were the O'Neills, Mac Loughlins, and 
their correlatives in Tyrone. 

q Uisce- Chain. Now anglice Eskaheen. This 
is the name of au old chapel near a beautiful 
well from which the name is derived, in a town- 






464.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 147 

The Age of Christ, 464. The sixth year of Oilioll. The battle of Dumha- 
Aichir' [was fought] by the Leinstermen, against Oilioll Molt. 

Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages (from whom are descended 
the Cinel-Conaill m ), was slain by the old tribes of Magh-Slecht n , he having been 
found unprotected, and was buried at Fidhnach-Maighe-Rein, by Saint Caillin , 
as the Life of the aforesaid saint relates. 

The Age of Christ, 465. The seventh year of Oilioll Molt. The feast of 
Teamhair [was celebrated] by Oilioll Molt. 

Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages (from whom are descended the 
Cinel-Eoghain p ), died of grief for Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hos- 
tages, and was buried at Uisce-Chain q , in Inis-Eoghain ; concerning which was 

said : 

Eoghan, son of Niall, died 

Of tears, good his nature, 

In consequence of the death of Conall, of hard feats, 

So that his grave is at Uisce-Chain. 

Crimhthann', son of Enda Censelach, King of Leinster, was killed by the 
son of his own daughter, i. e. Eochaidh Guineach, [one] of the Ui-Bairrche*. 

The Age of Christ, 466. The eighth year of Oilioll Molt. 

The Age of Christ, 467. The ninth year of Oilioll Molt. Benen', son of 
Sescnen, Bishop of Ard-Macha [Armagh], resigned his spirit. 

land of the same name, in the barony of Inis- it will be shewn from authorities of great anti- 

Eoghan [Inishowen], in the county of Donegal, quity, he fought at the battle of Ocha in 482 or 

The grave of Eoghan is not known there at 483, q. v. 

present. Colgan says that Uske-chaoin was, in * Ui-Bairrche : i. e. the descendants of Daire 

his own time, a chapel, but that it was anciently Barrach, the second son of Cathaeir Mor, Mo- 

a monastery. See Trias Thaum., p. 495, col. 1. narch of Ireland in the second century. They 

It is the birth-place of the celebrated Janus were seated in the barony of Slewmargy, in the 

Janius Eoganesius, or John Toland, whose real Queen's County, and possessed also some of 

name was O'Tuathalain, and of whom there are the adjoining districts See Leabhar-na-gCeart, 

still very vivid traditions preserved in the p. 212, note k . 

neighbourhood. See Harris's edition of Ware's 'Benen: i'. e. Benignus. The death ofBe- 

Writers of Ireland, p. 278 and p. 281, line 3. nignus is entered in the Annals of Ulster at the 

'Crimhthann. According to the Annals of same year: " Quies Benigni Episcopi, successoris 

Clonmacnoise he was killed in the battle of Patricii." See note w , under the year 432, 

Ardcorran; but this is clearly a mistake, for, p. 136, supra. 

u2 



148 



Rioghachca 



[468. 



Qoip Cpiopc, ceicpe cheo peapcca a hochc. Q haon nOecc t>Oilill. 
Oopnjal 6pi 6le pop Laijnib pm nOilill TTlolc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceicpe cheo peaccmojacc. Qn Oapa bliaOam Oecc oOilill. 
Cach Ourha Qicip pop Ctilill TTIolc pm LaijmB. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceicpe cheo peachcmojacc aoo. Qn cfcpamab bliaoain 
Decc oOilill. Uoca, mac Qo6a, mic Sfnaij, caoipeac Cpiche Cualann hi 
oecc. 



Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo peaccmojac a cfcaip. Q pe Oecc bOilitl. Gipc, 
mac Gachach TTluinpearhaip, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cficpe ceo peaccmojac a cuicc. Q peace Decc DOilill. 
Conall Cpemcoinn, mac Nell Naoijiallaij, op cinpfc clanna Colmain -\ Sfol 
Qo6a Slaine Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo peaccmojac ape. Q hochc Oecc oOilill. Cac 
)panaipo pia nGochaib, mac Coipppe, mic Oililla, mic Ounlaing, mic Gnoa 
Nia6, pop pijh Laijfn, Ppaoc, mac pionncaba, mic ^appcon, mic pochaib, 
mic Gachoach LdmDoiO, mic TTlepin Cuipb, ] Do cfp Ppaoch ipuiDe. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceO peaccmojac a hochc. lap mbeich piche bliaDam 



u The boxing battle This battle, which ap- 
pears to have been nothing more than a boxing 
match between the pugilistic champions of 
Leinster and Meath, is noticed in the Annals of 
Ulster at the year 473, as " Dopnjal 6pt 6le ;" 
but it is again entered under the year 475, as, 
"eUum Bri-Ele, sic in Libra Cuanach invent;" 
and again under 478. There can scarcely, how- 
ever, be a doubt that the three entries refer 
to the one battle only, and that the difference 
of date is owing to their having been transcribed 
from different authorities. In the old English 
translation of the Annals of Ulster, preserved in 
the British Museum, Claren. torn. 49, Ayscough, 
4795, the term t)opn jal is translated " the 
handle skirmish." It may be here observed 
that the wrestling matches, which continued to 
be carried on in the Phoenix Park, between the 
men of Meath and Kildare, and which sometimes 
terminated in boxing matches, would seem to 



have been a continuation of this Dornghal. 

w Bri-Ele This place is now called the hill 
of Croghan, and is situated in the north-east of 
the King's County, close to the boundary of 
Westmeath. See note ', under A. D. 1385. It 
is stated in the Book of Lecan, fol. 175, p. a, 
col. b, that this hill received its name from Eile, 
daughter of Eochaidh Feidhleach, Monarch of 
Ireland, and wife, first of Ferghal, son of Ma- 
gach, and afterwards of Sraibhgenn, son of 
Niul, one of the Ernaans of Munster. 

* Dumha-Aichir. This is a repetition. See 
A. D. 464. In the Annals of Ulster it is entered 
under the year 468, thus : "Helium Dumai- Aichir, 
pop Oilill THolc, sicut invent in Libra Cuanach." 
And again under the years 474 and 476. 

y Crioch- Cualann A territory included, for 
the most part, in the present county of Wicklow. 
The territory of Feara-Cualann, or Fercoulen, 
the limits of which are denned in an Inquisition 



468.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



149 



The Age of Christ, 468. The eleventh year of Oilioll. The boxing-battle" 
of Bri-Ele" against the Leinstermen, by Oilioll Molt. 

The Age of Christ, 470. The twelfth year of Oilioll. The battle of Dumha- 
Aichir* against Oilioll Molt, by the Leinstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 472. The fourteenth year of Oilioll. Toca, son of 
Aedh, son of Senach, chief of Crioch-Cualann", in Leinster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 474. The sixteenth year of Oilioll. Eire 2 , son of 
Eochaidh Muinreamhar, died. 

The Age of Christ, 475. The seventeenth year of Oilioll. Conall Cremh- 
thoinn", son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, from whom are sprung the Clann 
Colmain, and race of Aedh Slaine", died. 

The Age of Christ, 476. The eighteenth year of Oilioll. The battle of 
Granard by Eochaidh, son of Cairbre, son of Oilioll, son of Dunking, son of 
Enda Niadh, against the King of Leinster, Fraech, son of Finnchadh, son of 
Garchu, son of Fothadh, son of Eochaidh Lamhdoidh, son of Mesincorb ; and 
Fraech fell therein. 

The Age of Christ, 478. After Oilioll Molt, son of Dathi, son of Fiachra, 



taken at Wicklow on the 26th of April, 1636, 
appears to have been coextensive with the ma- 
nor of Powerscourt, in the barony of Half Rath- 
down, in the north of the county of Wicklow ; 
but anciently the territory of Cualann was more 
extensive. It appears from the Feilire-Aenguis 
that the churches of Tigh-Conaill (Stagonnell), 
Tigh-mic-Dimmai, and Dunmor, and from the 
Leabhar-Laighneach, preserved in the Book of 
Lecan, fol. 93-109, that Senchill, now Shank- 
hill, near Bray, were situated in this territory. 

* Eire He is the ancestor of the Dalriadic 
kings of Scotland See Ussher's Primord., Ind. 
Chron., and O'Flaherty's Ogygia, p. 465. 

a Conall Cremhthainn. He is the ancestor of 
the O'Melaghlins, who bore the tribe-name of 
Clann-Colmain, and of other families formerly 
powerful in Meath. From this Conall seventeen 
Irish monarchs descended. The Annals of Ulster 
record his death at the year 470, under which 
Dr. O' Conor observes in a note that the terri- 



tory of Tirconall derived its name from him; 
but this is contrary to all the Irish genealogists 
and historians, who are unanimous in stating 
that Tir-Conaill derived its name from his bro- 
ther, Conall Gulban. Ogygia, iii. c. 85. 

* Race of Aedh Slaine There were nine 
Monarchs of'Ireland of the race of this Aedh 
Slaine, who was himself Monarch of Ireland 
from A. D. 599 to 605. After the establish- 
ment of surnames, the chief family of his race 
took the surname of O'Kelly Breagh, and were 
seated in the great plain of Bregia, in the east 
of ancient Meath See Ogygia, iii. c. 93, p. 430. 

c Granard This is the Granard in the 

county of Longford ; but the Four Masters have 
evidently given Gairbre a wrong genealogy. 
In the Annals of Ulster, " Helium primum Gra- 
nearad" is entered under the year 485, and it is 
stated that "Cairbre mac Neill Naigiallaig victor 
erat." In the Clarendon copy the reading is : 
" Bdlum primum circa Granearad. Cairbre mac- 



150 



[479- 



hi pishe nGpeann oOilill TTlolc, mac Oaci, mic piachpac, DO cheap i ccach 
Ocha la Lu^haib, mac Laojaipe, la TTluipcfpcach mac Gapcca -\ la Pepup 
Ceppbel, mac Comxill CpfmcainDe, -| la piacpa, mac Laojaipe, pi Dal 
nQpaioe, -| la Cpfmcann, mac Gnoa Cennpelaij pi Caijfn. Op Don chup 
pin DO paca t>piachpa na Lee ~\ Caiploejh iccioppocpaicc in caca. Qp 
Don each pin acbfpc 6 fee mac Oe. 

TTlop chach Ocha peappaicip 
imopalca cacha lie 
pop Oilill TTlolc, mac Nachf, 
meabaiD pia nDdl Qpai&e. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo pfchcmojac anaoi. Qn ceo bliaDain Do Lujaib, 
mac Caojaipe, op Gpmn i pije. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfifpe ceD ochcmojac. Qn Dapa bliaDam Do LughaiD. 
Cach 5r anai r D a CC1 P ^aijfn eicip laijnib pfipin, Du in pomapba6pionncha&, 
cijfpna Ua Cennpealaij, la Coipppe. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceicpe ceo ochcmojac ahaon. Qn cpeap bliaDam Do 
Cujhaib. .8. laplaiche, mac Upfna, eppcop QpDa TTlacha, DO paomfoh a 
ppiopaice. 



Neill Naigiallaig victor erat; in quo cedidit Fin- 
guine jilius Erce ; et victor erat, ut alii dicunt, 
Crimthan mac Enna Cinselaig." 

d The battle of Ocha. Animosus, author of 
the fourth Life of St. Bridget, published by 
Colgan, states (lib. ii. c. 12), that lolland, son 
of Dunluing, King of Leinster, slew Oilioll Molt, 
King of Ireland, near Themoria or Tara. The 
notice of this battle is entered under the year 
482, and again under 483, in the Annals of 
Ulster, as follows, in the old translation in the 
Clarendon manuscript, torn. 49: 

" 482. Bellum Oche, in quo cecidit Ailill Molt 
manu Lugh mic Laogaire, et Murierti mic Erca. 
A Concobaro filio Nessa usque ad Cormac filium 
Art anni 308. A Cormac usque ad hoc bellum 
206, ut Guana scripsti." 

" 483. Jugulatio Crimthain, mac Enna Cen- 



selaich, Regis Lagenie, mic Bressail Bealaich, mic 
Cathair Moir. Et hoc anno the battle [called] 
Cath Ocha, secundum alias, by Lugad and by 
Murtagh mac Erca, and by Fergus Cervail, mac 
Connell Crimthain, and by Fiachra Lon, the 
King of Dal-Araide." 

The accounts of the death of this monarch are 
various and conflicting, for which see Colgan's 
Trias Thaum., p. 565, col. 1, not. 8, 9. The Life 
of St. Kieran states, that Oilioll Molt was slain 
in the battle of Ocha, in Meath, by Crimhthann, 
King of Leinster : " Ex his obiter advertendum 
eos graviter errare, qui scribunt hunc Crim- 
thannum occubuisse anno 465, cum multis 
postea revolutis annis prsedicto prrelio inter- 
fuit." Colgan. To this it may be added that, 
according to the ancient historical tract called 
Borumha-Laighean, Crimhthann, son of Enna, 



479-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 151 

had been twenty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain in the battle 
of Ocha d , by Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire, Muircheartach Mac Earca, Fearghirs 
Cerrbhel, son of Conall Cremththainne, Fiachra, son of Laeghaire, King of 
Dal-Araidhe, and Cremhthann, son of Enna Cennsealach, King of Leinster. It 
was on this occasion that the Lee and Cairloegh 6 were given to Fiachra as a 
territorial reward for the battle. It was of this battle Beg Mac De f said : 

The great battle of Ocha was fought, 
In which many battalions were cut off, 
Against Oilioll Molt, son of Nathi, 
Who was defeated by the Dal-Araidhe. 

The Age of Christ, 479. The first year of Lughaidh 5 , son of Laeghaire, in 
sovereignty over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 480. The second year of Lughaidh. The battle of 
Granard", in the land of Leinster, between the Leinstermen themselves, wherein 
Finnchadh, Lord of Ui-Cennsealaigh, was slain by Cairbre. 

The Age of Christ, 481. The third year of Lughaidh. Saint Jarlaithe', 
son of Treana, Bishop of Ard-Macha [Armagh], resigned his spirit. 

slew Oilioll Molt in the battle of Ocha. tered thus : 

* Lee and Cairloegh. This is probably a mis- " A. D. 497. The battle of Graine, where 

take for Lee and Ard-Eolairg. The territory of Moriertagh mac Ercka had the victory. There 

Lee was on the west side of the River Bann, and was another battle of Graine, between Lynster- 

included in the present barony of Coleraine, in men themselves, fought, where Finncha, King 

the county of , Londonderry ; but that called of O'Keansely, was slain, and Carbrey had the 

Cairloegh, or Ard-Eolairg, is unknown to the victory." 
Editor. See note under the year 557- In the Annals of Ulster " Bellwn primum 

f Beg Mac De : i. e. Beccus, the son of Dea or Granearad" is entered first under the year 485, 

Dagseus, a celebrated Irish prophet, who died and again under 486, " Vel hie, primum bellum 

in the year 557, q. v. Graine ;" and under A. D. 492, " Bellum secun- 

8 The first year of Lughaidh. " A. D. 484. dum Granairet." The place is now called Grane, 

Inicium regni Lugaid mic Laegaire, hoc anno." and is situated in the north of Kildare. 
Annals of Ulster. ' Jarlaithe. He was the third bishop of Ar- 

b The battle of Granard. Granard is here a magh, and died, according to the Annals of 

mistake of transcribers for Graine, as appears Ulster, in 481. See Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 

from the ancient historical tract called Borumha- p. 307. He is to be distinguished from St. Jar- 

Laighean, and from the Annals of Clonmacnoise, lath of Tuam See Harris's edition of Ware's 

in which the two battles fought there are en- Bishops, pp. 35, 36. 






152 aNNdta Rionacnca eiReaNN. [487. 

Goip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo ochcmojar apeacc. Gn naomab bliabam Do 
Oughaib. Nel, Gappoc Gpoachaib i cceacba, oeipcipul pacpaicc, oecc. 

Goip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo ochcmojac a hochc. Qn oeachmab bliabam 
DO Lujhaib. Cianctn, eppoc Doirhliacc, oecc. 

Goip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo ochcmojac anaoi. Gn caonrhab bliabam 065 
oo tughaib. TTlaccaille eppoc oecc. Gongup, mac Nacppaoich, pi TTluman, 
DO cuicim hi ccach Chellopnab la TTluipcfpcach TTlac Gapca, la hlollann 
macOunlaing, lahGilill, macOunlaing,-] lahGochaib n^uinfch Dia nebpaoh, 

Gcbach cpaob, oopbile noip, 

Gongup molbchach, mac Nacppaoich, 
paccbab la hi llano a pach 
hi ccac Cell Opnaoha claom. 



k Md, Bishop of Ard-achadh He was the 
first bishop of Ardagh, in the county of Long- 
ford, and a disciple of St. Patrick. 

1 Cianan, Bishop of Doimhliag : i. e. of Duleek, 
in Meath. It is stated in the Annals of Tigher- 
nach, and in those of Ulster, that St. Patrick 
presented him with a copy of the Gospels : 
" A. D. 488. Quies Sancti Cianani, cui Sanctus 
Patricius Evangelium largitus eat." The name 
doimhliag or daimliag signifies a stone building; 
and the first stone church ever erected in Ire- 
land is believed to have given name to this 
place ; and it looks very curious that, although 
Daimhliag was a common name for a stone 
church, still it has not entered into the topo- 
graphical names like Cill or teamputt, this of 
Duleek, in Meath, being the only instance now 
to be found. See Petrie's Inquiry into the Origin 
and Uses of the Round Towers of Ireland, pp. 138 
to 141. 

m Bishop Maccaille. He is said to have been 
one of the nephews of St. Patrick, by his sister 
Darerca. Tirechan states that St. Bridget of 
Kildare received the veil from his hands at 
Uisneach, in Meath ; and the Calendar of 
Cashel, as quoted by Colgan (Trias Thaum., 



p. 525), that his festival was kept on the 25th 
of April, at " Cruach-an-Bri-Eile, in Ifalgia." 
This place is still well known, and the ruins of 
the church of St. Maccaille are to be seen on the 
eastern side of the conspicuous hill of Croghan, 
near Tyrrell's Pass, on the confines of the King's 
County and the county of Westmeath. 

n Battle of Cill- Osnadha. The notice of this 
battle is entered in the Annals of Ulster thus : 
" A. D. 489. Bettwn Cinn Losnado, ubi cecidit 
Aengus, filius Natfraich, righ Mumhan, lit 
Guana scripsit." The place called Cell-Osnada, 
or Ceann-losnada, is described by Keating (in 
regimine Oiliolli Molt) as situated in the plain 
of Magh-Fea, four miles east of Leighlin, in the 
county of Carlow. This place is now called 
Kelliston, and is situated in the barony of 
Forth, in the county of Carlow ; and there ex- 
ists among the old natives of the place a most 
curious and remarkably vivid tradition of this 
battle, which explains the Irish name of the 
place as denoting " church of the groans ;" and 
which it received, according to this tradition, 
from the lamentations of the Munster-women 
after the loss of their husbands and brothers in 
the battle. This, however, though a very na- 



487.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



153 



The Age of Christ, 487. The ninth year of Lughaidh. Mel, Bishop of 
Ard-achadh k , in Teathbha, disciple of Patrick, died. 

The Age of Christ, 488. The tenth year of Lughaidh. Cianan, Bishop 
of Doimhliag 1 , died. 

The Age of Christ, 489. The eleventh year of Lughaidh. Bishop Mac- 
caille m , died. Aenghus, son of Nadfraech, King of Munster, fell in the battle 
of Cell-0snadha n [fought against him] by Muircheartach Mac Earca, by Illann, 
son of Dunking, by Ailill, son of Dunlaing, and by Eochaidh Guineach, of 
which was said : 

Died the branch, the spreading tree of gold, 
Aenghus the laudable, son of Nadfraech, 
His prosperity was cut off by Illann, 
In the battle of Cell-Osnadha the foul. 



tural turn for tradition to have given it, is not 
the true form of the name, for it appears, from 
an ancient historical tale preserved in Leabhar 
na-h Uidhri, that it was first written Ceann-Los- 
nada, which is also the form of the name given 
in the Annals of Ulster. This was once a place 
of considerable importance, and contained, till 
about fifty years ago, considerable remains of 
an ancient church and Cloigtheach, or round 
tower, but which are now all effaced. See the 
Anthologia Hibernica, voL iv. p. 105. 

St. Kieran, the patron of the men of Ossory, 
is said to have predicted to Eithne, the queen 
of Aenghus Mac Nadfraich, that she and her 
lord would fall in this battle in consequence of 
a crime of a disgraceful nature which she at- 
tempted to commit. The prophecy of St. Kieran 
was delivered in general terms, thus : " Tu enim, 
filia, et Dominus noster Rex, uno die, occidemini 
ab inimicis vestris : sed det Dominus vobis mi- 
sericordiam." But the writer of the Saint's 
Life (apud Colgan, Ada Sanctorum, p. 460) goes 
to shew that it was fulfilled in the battle of 
Ceall-Osnaidh, as follows : 

" Quod vaticinatus est sanctus Pontifex Kie- 



ranus, ita contigit : Ipse enim Rex Aenghus in 
bello quod commissum est in campo Fea, in 
provincia Lageniensium juxta grandem villam 
Ceall-Osnaidh, cum sua uxore Regina, occisus 
est a Rege Aquilonalium Lageniensium, Illando 
filio Dunlaingh, 8 Idus Octobris. Et hsec cedes 
maxima abusio erat : et ipsa Regina Eithnea 
Huathach vocabatur, quse erat filia Crymthani 
filii Endcei Kimealaigh; qui Crymthan multum 
subjugavit Aquilonales Lagenienses, accepto 
Rege magno Hibernias, postquam ille in gravi 
bello Ocha, in regione Media, occidit Alildum 
Molt, Regem Hibernise." 

Spreading tree This Aenghus, who was the 
first Christian King of Munster, is the common 
ancestor of the families of Mac Garthy, O'Keefe, 
O'Callaghan, and O'Sullivan, now so widely 
spread in Ireland, England, and America, and 
even on the Continent of Europe, where some 
of them bear coronets. If the saplings of this 
" spreading tree of gold," Aenghus Mac Nad- 
fraich, could now be reckoned in the different 
countries in which they have pullulated, it would 
appear that they are vastly numerous, and that, 
as the multiplication of a race is a blessing, King 



154 



[492. 



Cach Taillcfn pop Laigmb pia cCoipppe, mac Nell. 

Goip Cpiopc, cficpe ceD nochor aoo. Qn cfchpamaD bliabam Decc DO 
Lugaib. Cach Slfmna, hi TTIi&e, pia cCoipbpe, mac Nell, pop Lai jmb. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ceirpe ceo nochac acpi. Ctn cuicceab bba&ain Decc Do 
LughaiD. panpaicc, mac Calpuipn, mic POCOIDC, aipoeappuc, ceicc ppiorh- 
aiD i apoappcol Gpeann, Do cuip an ceo Celepcinup papa Do ppoicfpc 
poipcela, -) DO pfolab ippi ~\ cpabaib Do ^haoiDealaib, ape po fcappccap 



Aenghus has reaped the full benefit of that "alma 
benedictio" imparted by St. Patrick when he 
baptized him at Cashel, and, by a singular mis- 
take, put his faith to the trial by piercing his 
foot with the top of his crozier. 

p Tailtin. Now Teltown, on the River Sele 
or Abha-dhubh, nearly midway between the 
towns of Kells and Navan, in Meath. In the 
Annals of Ulster the battle of Tailtin, fought 
against the Leinstermen by Cairbre, son of 
Niall, is entered under the year 493. This 
Cairbre, the son of King Niall, was an obstinate 
Pagan, and an inveterate enemy to St. Patrick, 
as we learn from the Tripartite Life, part ii. 
c. 4: 

"Prima autem feria venit Patricius ad Tal- 
teniam : vbi regiffi nundinse et public! regni ludi 
et certamina quotannis servari solebant. Ibi- 
que convenit Carbreum Nielli filium, et Lao- 
garii Regis fratrem, fratrique animi ferocia et 
incredulitate similem. Huic cum Sanctus Pa- 
tricius verbum vita? praedicaret, viamque salutis 
ostenderet, vir adamantini cordis, non solum 
recusavit pradicatse veritati, sed viam vitse pro- 
ponent! machinabatur mortem : et in vicino flu- 
vio nomine Sele sancti viri socios flagellis ex- 
cepit, quia Patricius eum appellavit inimicum 
Dei. Tune vir Dei videns hominem esse inve- 
terataa malitias, et a Deo reprobatum, ait ad 
ipsum, Quia Regis coelestis doctrina? restitisti, 
ejusque suave jugum portare recusasti, de tua 
stirpe nee regni exurgent pignora ; sed semen 
tuum semini fratrum tuorum serviet in perpe- 



tuum : nee vicinus fluvius, in quo socios meos 
csecidisti, licet nunc abundet piscibus, vllos un- 
quam proferet pisces'." Trias Thaum., p. 1 29- 

The descendants of this Cairbre settled in 
various parts of Ireland, but the most distin- 
guished of his race were seated in Cairbre- 
Gabhra, a territory now comprised in the ba- 
rony of Granard, in the county of Longford, 
where, according to the Tripartite Life, part ii. 
c. 30, the sons of this wicked Cairbre received 
Patrick with honour, and granted him a beau- 
tiful place, called Granard, for erecting a church. 
But, according to local tradition, when St. Pa- 
trick arrived in the mountainous portion of this 
territory, a certain wicked woman presented 
him with a hound, served tip in a dish, for his 
dinner ; which when he examined, he suspected 
that he had been maliciously presented with an 
unclean animal, and, kneeling on a certain stone, 
prayed that God might restore the animal to life ; 
and, to the astonishment of the assembled multi- 
tude, a greyhound sprang into life. Patrick or- 
dered it to be killed on the spot, and then pro- 
nounced a solemn malediction on the mountainous 
region, in which this insult was offered to religion, 
and on the race of Cairbre, its chief. It is still be- 
lieved by the neighbours that this curse remains 
over these mountains, which causes them to 
remain more barren than other Irish mountains, 
and over the people, which keeps them in a more 
rude and intractable state than those of any other 
territory in Ireland. 

Notwithstanding this awful curse of the Irish 






492.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



155 



The battle of Tailtin p against the Leinstermen, by Cairbre, son of Niall. 

The Age of Christ, 492. The fourteenth year of Lughaidh. The battle 
of Sleainhain, in Heath* 1 [was fought] by Cairbre, son of Niall, against the 
Leinstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 493. The fifteenth year of Lughaidh. Patrick, son 
of Calphurn, son of Potaide, archbishop, first primate, and chief apostle of 
Ireland, whom Pope Celestine the First had sent to preach the Gospel and 
disseminate religion and piety among the Irish, [was the person] who sepa- 
rated them from the worship of idols and spectres', who conquered and de- 



Apostle upon Cairbre, he had a grandson, 
Tuathal Maelgarbh, who became monarch of 
Ireland in 533, and reigned till 544 ; and his 
descendants, who, after the establishment of 
surnames, took that of O'Ronain, remained 
chiefs of Cairbre- Gabhra till the English In- 
vasion See the Miscellany of the Irish Ar- 
chaeological Society, p. 144, note c . 

i Sleamhain, in Meath This is not Slane [a 
village on the River Boyne], as assumed by Dr. 
O'Conor (Annals of Ulster, p. 9) ; for Slane, on 
the Boyne, is called, in Irish, baile Slaine ; but 
is situated in Westmeath, as appears from the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise at the year 417. The 
word rleariiam bears two meanings, at present, 
in Meath and Ulster, namely, " slimy or slip- 
pery," and "land bearing elms"; for the elm 
tree, which, in the south half of Ireland, is called 
leaman, is called r-leariian in the North. 

' Idols and spectres. St. Patrick destroyed 
Crom-Cruach, the chief idol of all Ireland, after 
a great struggle with the Demon ; for some 
account of which see note ", p. 43, supra ; 
but we are not told that he had any particular 
struggle in destroying any other. It would 
appear, from a quotation given by O'Flaherty, 
(Ogygia, iii. c. 22.) from the Scholia of Cathal- 
dus Maguire on the Feilire-Aenguis, that there 
was an idol preserved at Clogher called Kermand 
Kelstach, but the Editor never saw the original 
passage. The Lia Fail was also at Tara in Pa- 



trick's time, but we are not told that he made 
any effort to destroy it. Keating says that the 
Lia Fail had been struck silent in the reign of 
Conchobhar, King of Ulster, when Christ was 
born, and when all the false idols in the world 
were struck dumb. The only other notice of 
idols to be found in Patrick's Lives is given by 
Evinus, who states that when he approached the 
royal city of Cashel all the idols fell prostrate. 
" Dum vir apostolicus Regise appropinquaret, 
omnia urbis idola in faciem prostrata simul in 
terram corruere." Vit. Tripart., part iii. c. 29. 
According to a tradition in the county of Wa- 
terford, a certain rock near Kilmacthomas, called 
Clock- Lobhrais, was wont to give responses in 
Pagan times, and to decide causes with more 
than human powers of discrimination, and with 
the strictest adherence to truth and justice; but 
this good stone, which appears to have been a 
remnant of the golden age, was finally so horri- 
fied at the ingenuity of a wicked woman in de- 
fending her character, that it trembled with 
horror, and split in twain ! From this and other 
legends about certain speaking stones in some 
parts of Ireland, it would appear that the Pagan 
Druids had recourse to a similar delusion to 
that practised at Delphi, the famous oracle of 
which is also said to have been struck dumb at 
the birth of Christ. 

The arrachta or spectres worshipped by the 
Pagan Irish are now little known. In Tire- 

2 



156 



[493. 



miOpiDe ppi ha&paD lo&al i appacc, po copccaip -\ po coimbpip na JiioDla 
barap aga naDpaD aca. T?o inDapb Deamna -| Dpoc ppipaDa uaiDiB, ] cucc 
mD 6 Dopca peacaib -] Doailche co poilpi cpeiDim -\ caomshnfom, po rpeo- 
paij -| po peoaij a nanmanna o Doippibh ippinn (gup a mbacap 05 oul) 50 
Doippib placet nime. dpe ona po b'aipe ~\ po bfnDaijj pip, mna, maca, -\ 
injfna Gpeann, co na ccipib' 1 co na repeabaib, ecip uipcce -| inbfp muipm. 
Ctp leip DO ponaD cealla, mamipcpeca, q ecclapa lomDa pfcnon Gpeann. 
Seacc cceD ceall a lion. Qp leip ceccup po hoipDneab eppcoip, pacaipr, -| 
aop jach spdib ap cfna, pfcc gceO epppoc -| cpf rhfle pagapr a lion. Oo 
pome pfpra -| mipbaile loniDa, co na cumaing aiccnfb oaonna a cuirhniughaD 
na a popaichmfc an Do pfghene Do ihaic ip na calmannaib. O po corhpoicc- 
pij aimpip eicpechca naorii pacpaicc hi Saball, po chochaic copp Chpfopc 
alarfiaiban naoirh eppcoip Uappach, ipm 122 a aoipi, -) po pai6 a ppipac Do 



cum nime. 



T?o bai comuoccbail cara i a6bap eapaonca ipin cuicceab 05 impfpam 
im copp pacpavc lap na eccuibh. Uf Neill -| Qipjialla ace cpiall a cabaipr 



chan's Annotations the Sidhe or Dei terreni are 
referred to, which were clearly our present 
fairies ; but we have no materials left us to de- 
termine what the Pagan Irish exactly believed 
about them. From stories written in Christian 
times, it would appear that the Sidhe were be- 
lieved to be the spirits of the Tuatha-De-Dananns, 
who haunted the different forts and hills where 
they had held their residences while living. 

'Expelled demons, fyc. For an account of 
St. Patrick's expulsion of the demons from 
Cruachan-Aichle, or Croaghpatrick, see the Tri- 
partite Life of St. Patrick, apud Colgan, part ii. 
cc. 62, 63, 64, 65, 66; Trias Thaum., p. 138. 
Some of the evil spirits expelled by St. Patrick 
on this occasion flew across the bay of Donegal, 
and settled in the Pagan region of Senghleann, 
in Tirconnell, where they remained secure from 
all the attacks of Christians till St. Columbkille 
finally dislodged them. 

' Baptized and blessed. See Leabhar na-gCeart, 
p. 235. 



" Seven hundred churches The same number 
is given in a quotation from St. Eleramis, in the 
Leabhar- Breac, fol. 99, b, 1, and the same num- 
ber is attributed to him by Jocelyn and the 
Tripartite Life, apud Colgan ; Trias Thaum., 
p. 167- See also Ussher's Primordia, p. 913. 

w Seven hundred bishops and three thousand 
priests. " Episcopos enim trecentos et septua- 
ginta; sacerdotum quinque millia, etclericorum 
inferioris ordinis numerum sine numero, propria 
manu ordinasse legitur. Numerum autem Mo- 
nachorum atque Monialium, quos divino conse- 
cravit obsequio, solus Deus novit. Sacras etiam 
sedes, sedes Episcopates, Monasteria, Ecclesias, 
sacella, promiscue connumerantur, fundavit 
septingenta." Vit. Tripartit. S. Patricii, part. ii. 
c. 97; Trias Thaum., p. 167. 

* The human mind. Dr. O'Conor renders this : 
" Fecit miracula et mirabilia plurima, simulque 
informavit intellectum populorum ad commu- 
nionem, vel ad memoriam ejus. Fecit regulas 
valde bonas." But he is totally beneath criti- 



493.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



157 



stroyed the idols which they had for worshipping ; who had expelled demons' 
and evil spirits from among them, and brought them from the darkness of sin 
and vice to the light of faith and good works, and who guided and conducted 
their souls from the gates of hell (to which they were going), to the gates of 
the kingdom of heaven. It was he that baptized and blessed' the men, women, 
sons and daughters of Ireland, with their territories and tribes, both [fresh] 
waters and sea-inlets. It was by him that many cells, monasteries, and churches 
were erected throughout Ireland ; seven hundred churches" was their number. 
It was by him that bishops, priests, and persons of every dignity were ordained ; 
seven hundred bishops, and three thousand priests" [was] their number. He 
worked so many miracles and wonders, that the human mind x is incapable of 
remembering or recording the amount of good which he did upon earth. When 
the time of St. Patrick's death approached, he received the Body of Christ from 
the hands of the holy Bishop Tassach y , in the 122nd [year] of his age z , and 
resigned his spirit to heaven. 

There was a rising of battle", and a cause of dissension in the province 
contending for the body of Patrick after his death. The Ui-Neill b and the 



cism in blunders of this description. 

The absurdity of the miracles attributed to 
St. Patrick by all his biographers, on every 
frivolous occasion, without number, measure, 
or use, have created a doubt, in modern times, 
of the truth of everything they relate ; and 
if it happened that God suspended the laws of 
nature at the request of this great preacher, his 
biographers have described them, and the motives 
of them, so injudiciously, that modern readers 
can only laugh at them, unless they will be at 
great trouble to separate the fictitious and 
useless from the real and necessary wonders 
wrought by this apostle. 

' Tassach. He is the patron saint of Rath- 
Cholptha, now the village of Raholp, near Saul, 
in the barony of Lecale, and county of Down 
See note g , at A. D. 448, supra ; Trias Thaum., 
p. 6, col. I. 

'In the 122nd [year] of his age See Ussher's 

Primordia, pp. 88-1, 883, 88?. In the Tripar- 



tite Life, apud Colgan, Trias Thaum., p. 168, 
he is also given this age of 1 22 years : 

" Curavit advocari S. Tassachum Episcopum ; 
et e manu ejus salutare sumpsit viaticum, an- 
noque sui inter Hibernos Apostolatus Ixii. 
setatis cxxii. xvi. Kalendas Aprilis purissimum 
coelo reddidit spiritum." 

According to a summary of dates and facts 
relating to St. Patrick, preserved in the Leabhar 
Breac (fol. 99, b, 1), he died "in the one hun- 
dred and twentieth year of his age, that is, the 
27th" [recte 26th] "of the solar Cycle, the 
Calends of January being on Friday, the first 
year after the bisextile, on the 16th of the 
Calends of April, which, in that year, fell on 
Wednesday, the 13th of the Moon." 

* A rising of battle. This story is also given 
in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, apud 
Colgan, Trias Thaum., pp.168, 169. 

b The Ui-Neill: i. e. the descendants of Niall 
of the Nine Hostages. 



158 



[494. 



50 hapomacha, Ulai6 acca popcaD aca paofm, 50 nofcaccap Ui Neill-| 
aip^ialla 50 alaile uipcce.jo ccuapjaib an abann ppiu, co na po cuihainspec 
cecc caippi la meo a ruite. O Do comh an cuile pop ccula Do Deacacap 
na ploij po combaij .1. Ui Neill ~\ UlaiD oo b'pfic chuipp parpaicc leo. 
Qpfb cappap la 5506 nopuing Dfob co mbai an copp leo bu&ein Docum a 
ccipe, 50 po foappccap Oia mD gan cpoio gan cachap pon lonnup pin. Po 
habnachc lapam copp pacpaic 50 nonoip ] 50 naipmiccin moip, i nOun Da 
leacglap, -\ na Di omce Decc po bacap na ppuire 05 paipe an cuipp, co 
ppalmaib -| hpmnaib, m bai oibce i TTiuijinip, ina ip na pfpannaib compoiccpib 
(an oapleo) ace arhail bm poilpi an laoi lanpolaip po lonopchaib ann Do 
jpep. dp DO b'liaDnaib baip naorh pacpaicc arpubpab. 

O gfnap Cpiopc, dipfrh aic, 
.cccc. pop caom nocaic, 
ceopa bliaona paip mppom, 
50 bap pacpaicc ppiorhappcoil. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceD nochac a cfcaip. Q pe Decc Do Cushaib. Cach 
CinDailbe pia cCoipbpe, mac Nell, pop Laijnib. 

C[oip Cpiopc, cficpe* ceD nochac ape. TTlochaoi, abb ndonopoma, Decc 



c The Oirghialla: i. e. the descendants of the 
Collas, who, at this time, possessed a vast terri- 
tory in Ulster, lying west of the River Bann 
and Gleann-Righe. 

d UUa. Called by Colgan, in his translation 
of the Tripartite Life, Ulidii. At this time 
they possessed only that portion of the province 
of Ulster lying east of the River Bann and 
Gleann-Righe. 

e Dun-da-leathghlas: i. e. the dun or fort of 
the two broken locks or fetters, now Down- 
patrick. 

f It was not night. This is also stated by the 
author of the Tripartite Life : 

" Et ita non visa est nox in tota ilia regione 
in tempore luctus Patricii." 

It is stated in Fiech's Hymn that the light 
continued for a whole year after Patrick's death, 



on which Colgan has the following note : 

" Quod in morte Patricii dierum duodecim 
naturalium spatium transierit sine noctis in- 
terpolatione tradunt Jocelinus c. 193, Author 
operis Tripartiti, p. 3, c. 1 06, Probus, L 2, c. 34, 
et alii communiter actorum Patricii Scriptores, 
et quod toto sequenti anno tempus nocturnum 
in ilia qua obiit Regione fuerit extraordinario 
quodam et coelitus misso respersum lumine, alia 
indicant testimonia et argumenta. Ita enim 
indicat Probus loco citato, dicens : ' Plebs etiam 
ittius loci in quo sepultus est certissima confirmat 
attestatione, quod usque ad jinemtotius anni, in quo 
obierat, nunquam nocturnales tenebrce quales exti- 
tissent, tales anted fuerant, quod nimirum ad tanti 
viri meritum non dubium est. Item Author operis 
Tripart. p. 3, c. 106 : Et ferunt alii quod anno 
integro post Patricii mortem fuerit continua lux in 



494.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



159 



Oirghialla c attempting to bring it to Armagh ; the Ulta" to keep it with them- 
selves. And the Ui-Neill and the Oirghialla came to a certain water, and the 
river swelled against them so that they were not able to cross it in consequence 
of the greatness of the flood. When the flood had subsided these hosts united 
on terms of peace, i. e. the Ui-Neill and the Ulta, to bring the body of Patrick 
with them. It appeared to each of them that each had the body conveying it 
to their respective territories, so that God separated them in this manner, with- 
out a fight or battle. The body of Patrick was afterwards interred at Dun-da- 
lethglas 6 with great honour and veneration ; and during the twelve nights that 
the reh'gious seniors were watching the body with psalms and hymns, it was 
not night 5 in Magh-inis or the neighbouring lands, as they thought, but as if it 
were the full undarkened light of day. Of the year of Patrick's death was 
said : 

Since Christ was born, a correct enumeration, 

Four hundred and fair ninety, 

Three years add to these, 

Till the death of Patrick, chief Apostle. 

The Age of Christ, 494. The sixteenth year of Lughaidh. The battle of 
Ceann-Ailbhe* by Cairbre, son of Niall, against the Leinstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 496. Mochaoi", Abbot of Aendruim, died on thetwenty- 



Regione de Mag-inis.' Adde quod nomen illius 
Regionis exinde postea ortum, hoc ipsum indi- 
cet. Vulgo enim vocatur Triuchached na soillse, 
i. cantaredus seu centivillaria Regio luminis, ut 
vulgi usurpatio, et patrise historia contestantur. 
Unde propter hos coelestes radios tempus illud 
nocturnum raro prodigio illustrantes, videtur 
S. Fiecus hie tempus illud vocasse continuam 
lucem et diem prolongatam." Trias Thaum., 
p. 6, col. 2, not. 20. 

8 Ceann-Ailbhe In the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise the " battle of Kinailbe" is entered under ' 
the year 501. In the Ulster Annals it is called 
the battle of Cnoc-Ailbhe. It was probably the 
name of a hill in Magh- Ailbhe, in the south of 
the county of Kildare. 



b Mochaoi, Abbot of Aendruim He was a 
disciple of St. Patrick, and abbot of the island of 
Aendruim, now Mahee Island, in Loch Cuan, or 
Strangford Lough, in the county of Down. The 
situation of Aendruim appears from a gloss on 
iheFeilire-Aenguis, at 23rd June: " Oenopuim .1. 
oen culuch an imr- uile, -\ pop (Loch Cuan acu." 
" Oendruim, i. e. all the island is [i. e. forms] 
one hill, and in Loch Cuan it is [situated]." 
See Description of Nendrum, by the Rev. Wil- 
liam Reeves, pp. 30 to 34. The death of this 
saint is entered in the Annals of Tighernach at 
the year 497 ; in the Annals of Ulster at 493, 
and again from a different authority at 498 ; and 

in the old Annals of Innisfallen at 490 See note 

on Mochaoi under the year 432. 



160 



emeaHN. 



[497- 



an cpeap la pichear Do mi lun. Cach Opoma Lochrnaishe pia Laijmbh 

pop Uib Nell. 

Copbmac a Cpic in epname eppcop Cfpoa TTlaca, corimpba Pacpaicc, DO 

paoiohfoh a ppiopaicce. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceD nochac a peachc. Q naoi oecc De Lujhaib. 
Cach Inoe TTloipe hi cCptch ua nabla pop taignib, -\ pop lollann, mac 
Ounlains, la TTluipcfpcach mac Gapca. 

doip Cpiopc, cficpe ceD nochac a hochc. Ctn pichfcmaD bliaDain DO 
Lujaib. pfpjup TTlop, mac Gipc, nnc Gachach muinpeamaip, co na bpaicpib 
DO 6ul mo Glbain. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cficpe ceo nochac a naoi. Q haon pichfc Do LughaiD. 
Ceapban eappoc, 6 piopc Cfpbain oc Ueampaij, Decc. 

Cac Seajpa pia TTluipcfpcach mac Gpca pop Diiach Tfnsuma, pi Con- 
nacc. Ipeab pochann an cacha .1. TTTuipcfpcach po bai hi pachaijiup ecip 
in pi agup GochaiD Uiopmcapna, a bpachaip, 50 po gabaD GochaiD pop 
comaipce TTluipcfpcoij. CeannpaolaD apbepc oa oeapbao. 



' Druim-Lochmaighe. See A. M. 3549, where 
it is stated that Lochmhagh is in the territory 
of Conaille, i. e. in the level portion of the county 
of Louth. 

k Cormac of Crioch-an-Earnaidhe : i. e. the 
Territory of the Oratory or little Church, thus 
translated by Colgan in Trias Thaum., p. 293 : 
" S. Corbmacus de Crich-indernaidhe, successor 
S. Patricii, Ep. Ardmach, quievit in domino." 
He gives his acts at 17th of February, from 
which it would appear that he was the nephew 
of the monarch Laeghaire, by his brother Enda; 
that his body or reliques were preserved at Trim, 
in Meath, and that his festival was celebrated at 
Armagh, on the 17th of February. In the copy 
of the Feilire-Aenguis preserved in the Ledbhar 
Ereac, he is set down as"Copmuc comopba 
Pacpaic i nOch cpuim oe jaipe," and the Edi- 
tor is of opinion that Cpioch an eapnaioe may 
be a corruption of Cpioc Coejaipe. 

1 Inde-mor, in Chrioch- Ua-nGabhla Crioch- 
Ua-nGabhla, called, in the old translation of the 



Annals of Ulster, " O'Gawla's country," was 
the name of a territory situated in the south 
of the present county of Kildare, extending, 
according to the Book of Lecan, fol. 93-109, 
from Ath-Cuilchinge to Dubh-ath, near the 
hill of Mullaghmast ; and from Ath-glas-crichi, 
at Cluanies, to Uada, in Leix ; and from the 
ford of Ath-leathnacht to Gleann-Uissen, in 
Ui-Bairrche. In the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
" the battle of Inne" is entered under the year 
504. 

m Fearghus Mor. The Annals of the Four 
Masters are here antedated by at least five 
years, as Dr. O'Conor shews (Proleg. ad Ann., 
p. Ixxxvi). The Annals of Tighernach place 
the migration of the sons of Ere to Alba (Scot- 
land) during the pontificate of Symmachus, the 
Calends of January being onferia prima. Now 
Symmachus succeeded Anastasius the Second on 
the 10th of the Calends of December, A. D. 498, 
and died on the 14th of the Calends of August, 
A. D. 514, and during this whole period the 



497.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



161 



third day of the month of June. The battle of Druim-Lochmaighe' [was gained] 
by the Leinstermen over the Ui-Neill. 

Cormac, of Chrioch-in-Ernaidhe lc , successor of Patrick, resigned his spirit. 

The Age of Christ, 497. The nineteenth year of Lughaidh. The battle 
of Inde-Mor, in Crioch-Ua-nGabhla 1 , [was gained] over the Leinstermen and 
Illann, son of Dunlaing, by Muircheartach mac Earca. 

The Age of Christ, 498 [recti 503]. The twentieth year of Lughaidh. 
Fearghus Mor, son of Ere, son of Eochaidh Muinreamhair, with his brothers, 
went to Alba [Scotland]. 

The Age of Christ, 499 \recte 504]. The twenty-first year of Lughaidh. 
Cerban, a bishop of Feart-Cearbain 11 , at Teamhair, died. 

The battle of Seaghais [was fought] by Muircheartach mac Earca against 
Duach Teangumha p , King of Connaught. The cause of the battle was this, 
viz. : Muircheartach was a guarantee between the King and Eochaidh Tirm- 
charna, his brother, and Eochaidh was taken prisoner against the protection of 
Muircheartach. In proof of which Ceannfaeladh q said : 



Calends of January did not fall on feria prima, 
except twice, viz. A. D. 506, and 516 ; and, as 
Flann refers this emigration of the sons of Ere 
to the fifteenth year after the battle of Ocha, it 
follows from this singular coincidence, which 
could not happen otherwise than from historical 
verity, that this migration is to be referred to 
the year 506 of the common era. The Annals 
of Clonmacnoise refer this migration to the year 
501, which is much nearer to the true date than 
that given by the Four Masters. 

n Feart-Cearbain : i. e. the Grave of Bishop 
Cerban, who was one of St. Patrick's converts. 
His death is entered in the Annals of Ulster at 
the year 503, and in the Annals of Tighernach 
at 503, and again at 504, which is the true 
year, and that under which it is entered in 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise. Feart-Chearbain 
was the name of a church situated to the north- 
east of Tara hill, but it is now totally eflaced. 
See Petrie's History and Antiquities of Tara 



Hill, p. 200, and plate 7 (facing p. 128), on 
which the position of this church is marked. 

Seaghais. This was the ancient name of the 
Curlieu hills, near Boyle, on the confines of the 
counties of Roscommon and Sligo. This battle 
is entered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 
501. 

k p Duach Teangumha: i. e. Duach of the Brazen 
Tongue. He was otherwise called Duach Galach, 
i. e. the Valorous. He was the son of Brian, 
son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, Monarch of 
Ireland, and is the ancestor of the O' Conors of 
Connaught, as well as of the O'Rourkes and 
O'Reillys, and various other correlative fami- 
lies. 

q Ceannfaeladh : i. e. Ceannfaeladh-na-fogh- 
lama, or the Learned, of Derryloran, in Tyrone, 
who died, according to the Annals of Tigher- 
nach, in the year 679- He wrote a work on the 
synchronism of the Irish monarchs with the 
Roman Emperors. 






162 



[500. 



Cach Seghpa bfn DO mnaib poDpuaip, po boi cpu ofpj cap cpuipijh, 
la Ouipich, ingin Ouaich. 

each Oealcca, each TTlucpama acup each Cuomo Opuba, 
la each Sfjpa, hi ccopcaip Ouach Ufnjumha. 

Pop Connaccaib po ppaoineab na caca hipin. 

Cfoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo. Gn DapabliaDam pichfc Do LushaiD. .8. Ibap 
eppuc, oecc an cpep la pichfc DO mi Qppil. Ceicpe blia&na ap cpi ceo poo 
a paojail. 

Cach Lochmaighe pia Laijnib pop Uibh Nell. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo a haon. Q cpi pichfc DO Lujhaib. Cach Pperh- 
ainne hi TTli&e pop piachaiD, mac Nell, pia ppailge beppaibe, Dia nebpab 
an pann, 

In pi aile apmbfpaiD piacha, mac Nell, ni celaiD, 

Gp paip, cap cpfmla cile, cac ppeamna TTIibe meabaiD. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceD a cpi. lap mbfich cuig bliabna pichfc i pighe 
6peann DO CujhaiO, mac Laojaipe, copchaip i nCtchaD popcha, mp na bem 



' A certain woman : i. e. I^Juiseach. She was 
the wife of Muircheartach mac Earca, whom she 
incited to fight this battle against her father, 
Duach Teangumha, because he had made a pri- 
soner of her foster-father, Eochaidh Tirmcharna, 
in violation of her husband's guarantee. See 
Book of Lecan, fol. 195, b. 

Against the Connaughtmen: i. e. these battles 
were gained by the race of Niall over the Con- 
naughtmen. The Editor has never seen a full 
copy of the poem of Cennfaeladh, from which 
the above verses are quoted. They are also 
quoted in O'Conor's printed Annals of Tigher- 
nach, in which the battle of Seaghais is twice 
mentioned as in the text of the Four Masters. 

1 St. Ibhar The death of Bishop Iver, in the 
303rd year of his age, is recorded in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, at the year 504. It is entered 
in the Annals of Ulster at the years 499, 500, 
and 503. This Ibhar is the patron saint of the 



island of Beg-Erin or Parva Hibernia, near 
Wexford, where there are still to be seen some 
ruins of his church See Ussher's Primordia, 
pp. 794, 901, 1062; Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 
pp.50, 450, 610; and Archdall's Monasticon, 
p. 733. In the Feilire-Aenguis, at 23rd April, 
Bishop Ibhar is noticed : 

" oichec eppcop Ibaip, apopc ceno cec epip, 
Qn Bpeo uap cuino i cpilip, i nrpmo bic 
beBuip." 

" A lamp was Bishop Ibhar, who attained to the 

head of every piety ; 

The flame over the wave in brightness, in Erin 
Beg he died." 

Dr. O'Conor says that the great age ascribed 
to this and other saints is owing to the error of 
transcribers, in mistaking cpi .1. thrice fifty, for 
cpi .c. three hundred. 

"Lochmagh See A.M. 3549-3656; A.D. 496. 



500.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



163 



The battle of Seaghais; a certain woman r caused it; red blood was over lances, 

By Duiseach, daughter of Duach. 

The battle of Dealga, the battle of Mucramha, and the battle of Tuaim- 

Drubha, 
With the battle of Seaghais, wherein fell Duach Teangumha. 

Against the Connaughtmen* these battles were gained. 

The Age of Christ, 500. The twenty-second year of Lughaidh. Saint 
Ibhar', the bishop, died on the twenty-third day of the month of April. Three 
hundred and four years was the length of his life. 

The battle of Lochmagh" by the Leinstermen, against the Ui-Neill. 

The Age of Christ, 501. The twenty-third year of Lughaidh. The battle 
of Freamhain T , in Meath, against Fiacha, son of Niall, by Failge Berraidhe, con- 
cerning which this quatrain was composed : 

The other king whom I shall mention was Fiacha, son of Niall, I shall not 

conceal him ; 
It was against him, contrary to a false prophecy, the battle of Freamhain, in 

Meath, was gained. 

The Age of Christ, 503. After Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire, had been 
twenty-five years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was killed at Achadh-farcha", 



T Freamhainn See A. M. 5084, p. 89, note w , 

supra. 

"Achadh-farcha: i. e. the Field of the Light- 
ning. Colgan says that the place retained this 
name in his own time, but does not define its 
exact situation. The words of the author of 
the Tripartite Life, in describing this event, are 
as follows: 

" Venit" [Lugadius] "ad locum quendam 
Achadh-farcha appellatum ; ubi conspiciens 
quandam Ecclesiam in colle positam, ait ; nun- 
quid ilia est Ecclesia istius clerici, qui iniquo 
prophetise spiritu, praedixit nullum de Leogarii 
patris mei semine Regem vel principem prodi- 
turum ? Et statim ac haec protulit, fulminis e 
coelo missi, et in verticem ejus cadentis, ictu 



extinctus illico interiit. Unde et locus nomen 
abinde sortitus, Achadh-farcha, .i. collis ful- 
minis appellatur." Part ii. c. 77. Colgan adds 
in a note, Trias Thaum., p. 172, n. 44 : 

" Et loci illius Achadh-f&icha, id est collis 
fulminis, appellati, nomen quod usque in hunc 
diem retinet conformat. Est autem in finibus 
Dioecesis et Comitatus Orientalis Mediae." 

It is stated in the Life of St. Patrick pre- 
served in the Leabhar Breac, foL 14, a, 2, that 
Achadh-farcha is situated in the territory of 
Ui-Cremhthainne. This territory is now in- 
cluded in the baronies of Slane, in East Meath. 
In the Annals of Clonmacnoise the death of 
Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire, is entered under 
the year 509. 



Y2 



QNNaca Rio^hachca emeaNN. 



[504. 



Dpopcha cenncighe, cpe miopbailibh De, cpep an Dimiaoh cuccupcoip DO 
Parrjiaicc, amail a Deip an pann po : 

a nQchab papca ujpach, bap rhic Laogaipe tujach, 
^an molbca call na ponn, De DO popclia cpom ceinncije. 

GochaiD, mac TTluipfohaij TTlmnDeipcc, pi Ula6, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceD a cfcap. Qn ceio bliaDam DO TTIuipcfpcach, mac 
TTluipeohaij, mic Gojain, mic Nell, na pijh op Gpinn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ciiicc ceD ape. Qn cpeap b'liaDam Do TTlhuipcfpcach. 
lollann, mac Ounlaing, pi Laijfn, Decc. Cac Luacpa pia Comcopb pop 
Uib Neill. Qp DO po paiDfo. 

Cac lonn tuacpa, uapa cuap, accfp bpijic, ni ppic pap, 
planncac pionnab'pac ba huap im copp nlollainn lap na bap. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuij ceo apeacc. Qn cfcpamaD bliabain Do TTluipcfpcach. 
Cach Opoma ofpjaije pop poilje mbeppaibe, pia ppiachaiD mac Nell. 



x King of Uladh: i. e. of Ulidia; bounded on 
the west by Gleann-Kighe, Lougli Neagh, and 
the Lower Bann. 

y . Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach He is 
otherwise called Muircheartach Mor Mac Earca. 
After the death of the monarch Lughaidh, 
O'Flaherty introduces, in his Catalogue of the 
Christian Kings of Ireland ( Ogygia, iii. 93), an 
interregnum of five years, that is, from the year 
508 till 513, which he makes the year of Muir- 
cheartach's accession. The Annals of Ulster 
place the death of Lughaidh in 507, and again, 
according to .another authority, in 511, and the 
accession of Muircheartach in the year 512. 
The probability is that there was no interreg- 
num, for Muircheartach, who was the Hector of 
the Ui-Neill, was too powerful in Ireland to 
be kept from the throne after the death of 
Lughaidh. 

z Luachair: i. e. a Itushy Place. There are 
countless places of this name in Leinster, but 



the Editor has never been able to discover the 
exact situation of the site of this battle. 

" Fionnabhair. Now Fennor, near Kildare. 
See Inquisitions, Lagenia, Kildare, 8, 40 
Jac. i. 

b About the body oflllann It is stated in the 
second Life of St. Bridget, published by Colgan 
(Trias Thaum., pp. 546 to 563), that after the 
death of Illann, King of Leinster, the Nepotes 
Neill, or race of Niall of the Nine Hostages, led 
an army into Leinster, and proceeded to devas- 
tate the province ; but that the Lagenians, 
placing the dead body of the king in a chariot, 
marched against them, and defeated them with 
great slaughter : 

" Factum est autem post mortem Illand, qui 
vixit annis cxx. congregantes iiepotes Neill ex- 
ercitum fines devastare Lageniensium ; inierunt 
Lagenienses consilium, dicentes ponamus corpus 
mortuum Regis nostri conditum ante nos in 
curru contra hostes, et pugnenms contra circa 



504.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



165 



being struck by a flash of lightning, by the miracles of God, on account of the 
insult which he had offered to Patrick, as this quatrain states : 

At Achadh-farcha warlike, the death of Laeghaire's son, Lughaidh [occurred], 
Without praise in heaven or here, a heavy flash of lightning smote him. 

Eochaidh, son of Muireadhach Muindearg, King of Uladh*, died. 

The Age of Christ, 504. The first year of Muircheartach, son of Muireadh- 
ach y , son of Eoghan, son of Niall, as king over Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 506. The third year of Muircheartach. Illann, son 
of Dunking, King of Leinster, died. The battle of Luachair" [was fought] by 
Cucorb against the Ui-Neill, of which was said : 

The fierce battle of Luachair, over head, Brighit saw, no vain vision ; 
The bloody battle of Fionnabhair" was noble, about the body of Illann b after 
his death. 

The Age of Christ, 507. The fourth year of Muircheartach. The battle 
of Druim-Deargaighe c [was gained] against Foilghe Berraidhe, by Fiacha, son 



cadaver ejus. Et illis sic facientibus illico ne- 
potes Neill in fugam versi sunt, et csedes iacta 
est in eis. Donum enim victoriae per S. Brigidam 
adhuc in corpore Regis mansit." Trias Thaum., 
pp. 551, 552. 

The following battles are mentioned in the 
ancient historical tale called Borumha Laighean, 
as having been fought by the race of Neill 
against the Leinstermen, who opposed the pay- 
ment of the Borumean tribute, from the period 
of the death of Oilioll Molt to that of the pre- 
sent monarch : 

" The battle of Granni; the battle of Tortan; 
the battle of Druim Ladhgainn ; the battle of 
Bri-Eile; the battle of Freamhainn, in Meath, 
by Failghe Rot, son of Cathaeir (rum illius 
Magni Regis) ; twenty-eight battles by the son 
of Dunlaing, in consideration of the word" 
[curse] " of St. Bridget ; the battle of Magh- 
Ochtair, against Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire; 



the battle of Druim-da-mhaighe ; the battle of 
Dun-Masc" [Dunamase]; " the second battle of 
Ocha; the battle of Slabhri; the battle of Cinn- 
srathi ; the battle of Finnabhair, by Ailill, son 
of Duulaing; the battle around the body of 
Illann." 

Druim- Deargaighe. This battle is entered 
in the Annals of Ulster twice ; first at the year 
515, and again at 5 16, as follows : 

"A. D. 515. Helium Droma derge for Failgi. 
Fiacha victor erat. Deinde Campus Midi a Lai- 
genets sublatus est. 

" A. D. 516. Bellum Droma derge la Fiacha 
mac Neill for Failge m-Bearuighe, inde Magh 
Midhe a Lageneis sublatus est, ut Ceannfaeladh 
cecinit, &c." It is also given in the Annals of 
Tighernach, in which the part of Meath re- 
covered from Leinster is thus mentioned : " ip 
anop u cur pin po pcfipao a CUID Don ITIioe pp 
Cui^ui co h-Uipneuc," i.e. "It was by this 



166 



[511. 



dp la cinel piachaiD an pfponn o Cluain in Dibaip co hUipnfch opin ilte, 
ariiail apbepc Cfnopaolaoh 

Dighal Dia peachc mbliaban, 
ba pi oijoe a cpibe 
each i nOpomm ofp^aije 
ba &e DO cfp maj TTli6e. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cms ceo a haoin noecc. Ct hochc Do TTlhuipcfpcach. 
8. bpon eppcop o Cuil loppae, i cConoachcuib', Decc, an cochcmaD la Do 
mi Inn. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cms ceD a DO Deg. Q naoi DO TTlmpcfpcach. 8. Gape 
Slaine eppucc Lilcaij, -| 6 pfpca pfp ppeig i ccaob Sfohe Cpuim aniap, DO 
ecc, an Dapa la DO mi Nouembpip. Oeich mbliabna ap cheichcpe pichcib a 



battle that its part of Meath was separated from 
Leinster, as far as Uisneach." 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise it is noticed 
as follows : 

" A. D. 515. The battle of Dromdargie was 
fought by Fiagh mac Neale, in which he re- 
covered Usneagh to be of the land of Kynaleagh, 
where Foilge Merrye was overcome." 

d Cluain-in-dibhair. This is otherwise called 
Cluain-an-dobhair, and is situated somewhere 
in the present King's County, but it has not 
been identified See it again referred to at the 
years 843, 938, 942. 

e Uisneach Now Usnagh hill, in the parish 

of Killare, barony of Eathconrath, and county 
of Westmeath. See note , under A. D. 1414, 
p. 818, infra. The territory of Cinel-Fiachrach, 
which originally comprised the countries of 
O'Molloy, now in the King's County, and of 
Mageoghegan, now the barony of Moycashel, 
in Westmeath, originally extended from Birr 
to the hill of Uisneach. This hill is also re- 
markable in Irish history as being the point at 
which the five provinces met, and a stone si- 
tuated on its summit, now called Cat-Uisnigh, 
and by Keating Ail-na-mireann, i.e. "the Rock 



of the Divisions," is called Umbilicus Hibernice 
by Giraldus Cambrensis. " In quinque por- 
tiones sequales inter se diviserunt, quarum ca- 
pita in lapide quodam conveniunt apud Mediam 
juxta castrum de Kyllari, qui lapis et umbili- 
cus Hibernise dicitur: quasi in medio et medi- 
tullio terrsB positus." Topographia Hibernice, 
Dist. iii. c. 4. 

f The vengeance of God. The Editor has never 
met a full copy of the poem from which this qua- 
train is quoted. It would appear to be on the sub- 
ject of the formation of the territory of the tribe 
of Cinel-Fiachach, who recovered from Failghe 
Bearraidhe, chief of Ofially, a tract of country 
extending from Cluain-an-dobhair to the hill of 
Uisneach, after the battle of Druim-Deargaighe. 
The Failghe Berraidhe here referred to is men- 
tioned in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick 
(part iii. c. 56), as an obdurate Pagan, who at- 
tempted to murder St. Patrick, but perished in 
the attempt himself, and drew down the ven- 
geance of heaven upon his race. He had a 
brother, Failghe Eos, or, more correctly, Failghe 
Eot, who received St. Patrick with honour, and, 
therefore, prospered in the land. 

8 Cuil-Irra A district in the south-west of 



511.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



167 



of Niall. From that time forward the land [extending] from Cluain-in-dibhair d 
to Uisneach 6 belongs to the Cinel-Fiachach, as Ceannfaeladh said : 

The vengeance of God f lasted for seven years; 

But the joy of his heart was 

The battle of Druim-Deargaighe, 

By which the plain of Meath was detached. 

The Age of Christ, 511. The eighth year of Muircheartach. Saint Bron, 
Bishop of Cuil-Irra s , in Connaught, died on the eighth day of the month of 
June. 

The Age of Christ, 512. The ninth year of Muircheartach, Saint Erc h , 
Bishop of Lilcach' and of Fearta-fear-Feig k , by the side of Sidhe-Truim, to the 
west, died on the second day of the month of November. His age was four- 



the barony of Carbury, and county of Sligo, 
comprising the parishes of Killaspugbrone and 
Kilmacnowen. It is stated in the Annotations 
of Tirechan, in the Book of Armagh, that St. 
Patrick passed from Forrach-mac-nAmhalgaidh 
to Eos Filiorum Caitni, where he built a church, 
and, crossing the Muaidh [Moy] at Bertriga 
[Bartragh], he raised a cross there, and pro- 
ceeded thence to the mound of Riabart, near 
which he built a church for his disciple, Bishop 
Bronus, the son of Icnus. This is called the 
church of Cassel-irra in the Tripartite Life of 
St. Patrick (part ii. c. 97), and nowCill eapbuij 
6pom, anglice Killaspugbrone from this Bishop. 
See Genealogies, Tribes, fyc., of Hy-Fiachrach, 
p. 470, and the map to the same work. In 
Michael O'Clery's Irish Calendar the festival of 
this bishop is entered at 8th of June. 

h St. Ere See note l , under the year 448, 
p. 136, supra. 

' Lilcach. Not identified. Dr. O'Conor 
takes this to mean " deditus religioni." 

k Fearta-fear-Feig. Dr. O'Conor translates 
this: "S. Ercus Slanensis Episcopus deditue 
religioni et loci dicti Sepulchra Virorum Feig 



in regione locus iste est Trimmise ad Occiden- 
tem, obiit die 2do Mensis Novembris." But he 
certainly mistakes the meaning. Colgan renders 
it : "Ercus Episcopus Lilcaciensis et Ferta- 
feggiensis .i. Slanensis *2 Novembris mortuus 
est anno setatis 90." Acta SS., p. 190. 

Fearta-fear-Feig, i. e. the Graves of the Men 
of Feig, is the ancient name of Slane on the 
Boyne, and Sidh-Truim is not the present town 
of Trim, as assumed by Dr. O'Conor, but the 
name of a hill, situated to the east of Slane. 
The situation of Fearta-fear-Feig is described 
by Colgan as follows : 

" Est locus ad septentrionalem marginem 
fluminis Boandi, hodie Slaine dictus. Dicttur 
Ferta-fer-Feic .i. fossa?, sive sepulchra virorum 
Feic, ex eo quod servi cujusdarn dynasta; nomine 
Feic, ibi altas fecerint fossas pro occisorum cor- 
poribus humandis." Trias Thaum., p. 20, n.* 60. 

In the fourth Life of St. Patrick a similar 
derivation of this name is given; and it is stated 
that the paschal fire, lighted there by St. Patrick, 
was visible from Tara, which clearly shews that 
it is not situated to the west of Trim, as Dr. 
O'Conor has so hastily assumed. 



168 



eii?eaNN. 



[513. 



aoip an can chfpca, dp e an cfppucc Gipc pin po ba bpficfm Do phaccpaicc. 
Gp DO pome pacpaicc an pano po. 

Gppucc Gpc, 
gach ni conceapcaoh ba cfpc, 
gach aon beipeap coiceapc cfpc 
popcpaib fnoachc beappuic Gpo. 

Oubrach .1. a Dpuim ofpb eppucc Qpomacha oo paoiofoh a Spiopaicce. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuij ceo acpf oecc. Gn oechrhao bliabain TYlhmpcfpcaij. 
.8. TTlacnipi .1. Gonap, eppucc Connepe, oecc ancpeap la DO Nouembep. 

Cach Oeona, i nOpomaib bpeaj, pia TTlu]pcf|icach mac Gapca, ) pm 
cColju, mac Loin, mic Cpuinn, mic pfibbmiD, caoipeac Gipjiall, Du in po 
mapbab Ctpojal, mac Conaill Cpemrainne, mic Neill. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo a peace Deg. Q cfcaip Oecc Do TTluipceapcach. 
.8. Oapfpca Cille Slebe Cuilinn, oap bainm TTloninoe oecc 6 lulu. Naoi 
pichic bliaoham poo a paojoil oia nebpao. 

Naoi pichic bliaoam mole, 
DO peip piajla jan cime, 
jan baep, gan beo, jan baojal, 
ba he paojal TTloninoe. 



1 Bishop Ere. This quatrain is also quoted 
by Tighernach, who ascribes it to St. Patrick, 
in the Book of Lecan, fol. 306, a, 1 ; and in the 
Leabhar-Breac, fol. 1 1 , a. 

m Druim-Dearbh. This is probably the place 
called Derver, in the county of Louth. Dubh- 
thach succeeded in 497 See Harris's edition 
of Ware's Bishops, p. 36. 

n Macnisi. He was a disciple of St. Patrick, 
and the founder of the episcopal church of 
Connor, in the county of Antrim See Eccle- 
siastical Antiquities of Down and Connor and 
Dromore, by the Rev. William Reeves, A. B., 
pp. 237-239. Cnes, the daughter of Conchaidh, 
of the tribe of Dal-Ceithirn, was his mother, 
from whom he was called Mac Cneise. His fes- 
tival was kept on the 3rd of September, accord- 



ing to the Feilire-Aenguis and O'Clery's Irish 
Calendar, in which it is stated that his first 
name was Aenghus, and that he was also called 
Caemhan Breac. 

Dedna, in Droma-Sreagh. This was the 
name of a place in the north of the county of 
Meath, adjoining that of Cavan. The fort of 
Rath-Ochtair-Cuillinn is also referred to as 
i n-t)puimnib 6peaj. See Ledbhar-na-gCeart, 
p. 12. 

p Citt-Sleibhe- Cnilinn : i. e. the Church of Slieve 
Gullion, now Killeavy, an old church in a pa- 
rish of the same name, situated at the foot of 
Slieve Gullion, in the barony of Upper Orior, 
and county of Armagh. This mountain took 
its name from Cuileann, an artificer, who lived 
here in the reign of Conchobhar Mac Nessa, 



513.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



169 



score and ten years when he departed. This Bishop Ere was judge to Patrick. 
It was for him Patrick composed this quatrain : 

Bishop Ere 1 , 

Every thing he adjudged was just ; 
Every one that passes a just judgment 
Shall receive the blessing of Bishop Ere. 

Dubhthach, i. e. of Druim-Dearbh m , Bishop of Ard-Macha [Armagh], re- 
signed his spirit. 

The Age of Christ, 513. The tenth year of Mviircheartach. Saint Mac- 
nisi n , i. e. Aenghus, Bishop of Coinnere [Connor], died on the third day of 
November. 

The battle of Dedna, in Droma-Breagh , by Muircheartach mac Earca, and 
by Colga, son of Loite, son of Crunn, son of Feidhlimidh, [son of Colla Dach- 
rich], chief of Airghialla, where Ardghal, son of Conall Creamhthainne, son of 
Niall, was slain. 

The Age of Christ, 517. The fourteenth year of Muircheartach. Saint 
Darerca, of Cill-Sleibhe-Cuilinn p , whose [first] name was Moninne, died on the 
6th of July. Nine-score years was the length of her life ; of whom was said : 

Nine-score years together, according to rule without error, 

Without folly, without evil, without danger, was the age of Moninne. 



King of Ulster, and by whom the celebrated 
hero, Cuchullainn, was fostered. Ussher (Prz- 
mordia, p. 705), who had an ancient Life of 
Moninne, written by Conchubhranus, and Mi- 
chael O'Clery, in his Irish Calendar, have con- 
founded this Darerca with Darerca, the sister of 
St. Patrick; but they were clearly different per- 
sons, for the festival of Darerca, the sister [or 
supposed sister] of Patrick, was held on the 22nd 
of March, whereas that of Moninne, of Cill- 
Sleibhe-Cuilinn, was held on the 6th of July. 
On this mistake of Ussher Colgan has the fol- 
lowing note in his Life of Darerca, at 22nd 
March, which shews the high esteem he had for 
Ussher's veracity as a historian : 



* "Usserus, de Primordiis Ecclesiar. Britann. 
pag. 705 et 706, confundit hanc Darercam so- 
rorem Sancti Patricii, cum alia Darerca, dicta 
Moninna, Abbatissa de Killslebhe in Ultonia. 
Sed si vir, alias Antiquitatis peritissimus, ea, 
quse de Sancta Moninna producturi sumus ad 6 
Julii, perspecta habuisset aliter sentiisse non 
ambigimus." Ada Sanctorum, p. 719, not. 7. 

St. Moninne, of Cill-Sleibhe-Cuillin, founded 
seven churches in Scotland, as Ussher shews 
from Conchubhranus : one called Chilnacase, in 
Galloway ; another on the summit of the moun- 
tain of Dundevenal, in Laudonia; the third on 
the mountain of Dunbreten ; the fourth at the 
castle of Strivelin ; the fifth at Dun-Eden, now 



170 



[519- 



Qoip Cpiopc, cuij ceD anaoi Decc. (X pe Decc DO TTlhuipcfpcach. 
S. Conolaeoh, eppcop Cille oapa, cfpD bpijoe, Decc 3. TTlaii. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceD piche a haon. Q hochc Decc Do TTlhuipcfpcach. 
8. buice, mac bponaij, eppucc TTlainipcpe, Decc 7. Oecembep. 

bpacha bpf co mblaiD, ci cec cpacha Dom cobhaip, 
xc 50 njlopaib ngluinn ngloin, of mac bponaij, mic bolaip. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo piche a cpf. Qn pichfcmaD bliabam Do TTluip- 
cfpcach. beoaib, eppucc Gpoa capna, Decc, an coccmaD la Do TTlapca. 
Gochaib, mac Qonjupa, pijTTluman, Decc. 

Cloip Cpiopc, cuijj ceo piche a cfcaip. Q haon pichfc Do TDuipceapcach. 
Cach Qcha Sije pia TTluipcfpcach pop Laijnib, DU in po mapbab Sije, mac 
Dfin, conab ua6a a Dfpap Qc Sije. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cui5 ceo pice a cuicc. Q Do picfc Do TTluipceapcach. 
ogh, banabChille oapa [Decc]. Qp DipiDe cecup po hioDbpaohCill 

pauperibus largita est." Trias Thaum., c. 39, 
p. 522. 

"finite mac Bronaigk He is the patron saint 
of Mainister Buithe, now Monasterboice, in the 
barony of Ferrard, and county of Louth, where 
his festival was celebrated on the 7th of De- 
cember, according to the Feilire-Aenguis See 

O'Donnell's Life of St. Columbkille, lib. i. c. 65 ; 
see also the Annals of Ulster at the year 518, 
where it is stated that St. Columbkille was born 
on the same day on which this Buite died. 

"A. D. 518. Nativitas Coluim Cille eodem die 
quo Bute (Boetius) mac Bronaig dormivit." 

His death is also entered in the same Annals, 
under the year 522. 

s Beoaidh, Bishop ofArd-carna: i. e. Beo-Aedh, 
Aidus Vivens, or Vitalis, of Ardcarne, a church 
in the barony of Boyle, and county of Roscom- 
mon, and about four miles due east of the town of 
Boyle See note b , under the year 1 224. Colgan, 
who puts together, at the 8th of March, all 
the scattered notices of this saint that he could 
find, states (Ada SS., p. 563) that his bell 
was preserved at Baile-na-gCleireach, in Breifny 



Edinburgli ; the sixth on the mountain of Dun- 
pelder ; and the seventh at Lanfortin, near 
Dundee, where she died. Some ruins of her 
church, near which stood a round tower, are 
still to be seen at Killeavy. 

i Connlaedh. "A. D. 520. Conlaedh Eps. 
Cille-dara dormivit." Tigliernach, He was the 
first Bishop of Kildare, and his festival was 
there celebrated on the 3rd of May, according 
to all the Irish martyrologies. In a note on 
the Feilire-Aenguis, at this day, it is stated that 
Ronnchenn was his first name, and that he was 
also called Mochonna Daire ; that he was Bishop 
of Kildare, and St. Bridget's chief artificer. 
This note adds that he was finally eaten by 
wolves. Cogitosus, the author of the second 
Life of St. Bridget, published by Colgan, has the 
following notice of Conlaedh's episcopal dresses : 

" Secundum enim beatissimi lob exemplum 
nunquam inopes a se recedere sinu vacuo passa 
est; nam vestimenta transmarina et peregrina 
Episcopi Conlaith decorati luminis, quibus in 
solemnitatibus Domini et vigiliis Apostolorum 
sacra in altaribus offerens mysteria utebatur, 



5190 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



171 



The Age of Christ, -519. The sixteenth year of Muircheartach. Saint 
Connlaedh q , Bishop of Kildare, Bridget's brazier, died on the 3rd of May. 

The Age of Christ, 521. The eighteenth year of Muircheartach. Saint 
Buite mac Bronaigh r , bishop of Mainister, died on the 7th of December. 

Let Buite, the virtuous judge of fame, come each day to my aid, 
The fair hand with the glories of clean deeds, the good son of Bronach, son of 
Bolar. 

The Age of Christ, 523. The twentieth year of Muircheartach. Beoaidh 1 , 
Bishop of Ard-carna, died the eighth day of March. Eochaidh, son of Aenghus, 
King of Munster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 524. The twenty-first year of Muircheartach. The 
battle of Ath-Sighe' [was gained] by Muircheartach against the Leinstermen, 
where Sighe, the son of Dian, was slain, from whom Ath-Sighe is called. 

The Age of Christ, 525. Saint Brighit", virgin, Abbess of Cill-dara", [died]. 
It was to her Cill-dara was first granted, and by her it was founded. Brighit 



(now Ballynaglearagh, on the confines of the 
counties of Leitrim and Cavan) : 

" Ejus nola Ceolan Beoaidh .i. nola Beoadi, 
appellata, ad instar proetiosarum reliquiarum 
gemmis et argenteo tegumento celata in ecclesia 
de Baile-na-cclereach, in regione Breffiniae as- 
servatur in magna veneratione, ob multa, quse 
in dies per ilium fiunt miracula." 

1 Ath-Sighe : i. e. the Ford of Sighe, now 
Assey, a parish in the barony of Deece, and 
county of Meath. It was originally the name 
of a ford on the River Boyne, but afterwards 
the name extended to a church and castle erected 
near it This battle is entered in the Annals 
of Ulster under the year 527 : 

" A. D. 527- Bellum Ath-Sighe FP Laigniu. 
Muirceartach mac Erce victor fuit." 

u Brighit This name is explained bpeo- 
faijic, i. e. fiery Dart, in Cormac's Glossary and 
by Keating. The death of St. Bridget is entered 
from various authorities in the Annals of Ulster, 
as follows : 

" A. D. 523. Quies S. 3rigide an. Ixx etatis sue." 



" A. D. 525. Dormitatio Sancte Brigide an. 
Ixx etatis sue." 

" A. D. 527. Vel hie Dormitatio Brigide secun- 
dum librum Mochod." 

Dr. O'Conor thinks that the true year is 523. 
See his edition of the Annals of Ulster, p. 13, 
note 3, where he writes : 

" Omnes, uno ore, referunt obitum S. Brigidse 
ad ann. xxx. post excessum S. Patricii, etsi in 
anno serse communis dissentiant. Marianus 
Scotus obitum S. Patricii referens ad annum 
491, post annos xxx. excessum S. Brigidse me- 
morat. Vide Mariani Excerpta ex Cod. prse- 
stantissimo, Nero, c. v. in Appendice, No. 1. 
Atqui Patricius obiit anno 493, ergo Brigida 
anno 523." 

w Cill-dara. Now Kildare. This is called 
Cella Roloris by Ultanus, in the third Life of 
St. Bridget published by Colgan, Trias Thaum., 
p. 531, c. 47; and in the fourth Life, which is 
attributed to Animosus, the name is explained 
as* follows : 

" Ilia jam cella Scotice dicitur Eilldara, la- 



z2 



172 



emectNN. 



[526. 



oapa, -| ba le conpooachc. dpi bpijic cpa nd rucc a meanmain nd a hinn- 
rfipim ap in coimoeab eaoh naonuaipe piarii ace a piopluaDh,-] a pioppmuai- 
nea6 Do gpep ma cpiOe -] mfnmain, arhail ap eppoepc ina bfchaiD pfin, -\ i 
mbfchaib naoim bpenainn, eppucc Cluana pfpra. l?o rochaic imoppo a 
haimpip ace po^nom 50 oiocpa oon coimbe, 05 Denomh pfpc -| miopbal, 05 
pldnuccaD gach galaip -| gach cfohma apcfna, amail aipneiDfp a bfra, 50 po 
paoiD a ppipac Do cum nime, an ceD la Do mi pebpu, -] po haDnace a copp i 
nOun i naon cumba la pacpaicc, co nonoip -\ co naipmiom. 

Chlill, eppcop Ctpoa TTlacha, oo Uib bpeapail DopiDe, DO ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceD piche ape. Qn rpeap BliaDam pichfr DoTTlhuip- 
cfpcach. dp DO caippnjipe bdip TTlhuipceapcaij aobeapc Caipneach. 

Qp am uarhon ap in mbein, ima luaiDpe ilop Sin, 

dp piup loipccpi&ep i crin, pop raoib Clecij bdiDpip pin. 

.1. la Sfn ingin Sije oopocaip Uiuipcfpcach, i ccionao a harap po mapbporh. 



tine vero sonat cella quercus. Quercus enim 
altissima ibi erat quam multum S. Brigida dili- 
gebat et,benedixit earn: cujus stipes adhuc 
manet." See also Ussher's Primordia, p. 627. 

* Her own Life. Colgan has published six 
Lives of St. Bridget in his Trias Thaum. The 
first, a metrical Irish one, attributed to St. 
Brogan Cloen, who flourished in the time of 
Lughaidh, the son of Laeghaire ; the second, a 
Latin Life, ascribed to Cogitosus, who is sup- 
posed by Colgan to have flourished in the sixth 
century, but who is now believed to have writ- 
ten in the eighth or ninth century; the third, 
which is said to have been written by Ultanus, 
a bishop ; the fourth, attributed to Anmchadh, 
or Animosus, Bishop of Kildare, who flourished 
in the tenth century; the fifth by Laurentius 
Dunelinensis ; and the sixth, which is in Latin 
metre, by Coelanus of Inis-Cealltra. 

* The first day of the month of February This 

day is still called lei peile 6pi joe throughout the 
Irish-speaking parts of Ireland, and the moffth 
of February is called ITU na peile 6pijoe. 



1 At Dun : i. e. Downpatrick. This is not 
true, for we learn from Cogitosus that the 
bodies of Bishop Conlaeth and St. Bridget were 
placed on the right and left side of the deco- 
rated altar of the church of Kildare, being de- 
posited in monuments adorned with various 
embellishments of gold and silver, and gems and 
precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver 
depending from above." Trias Thaum., pp. 523, 
524. It is very clear from this testimony of 
Cogitosus, that in his time the story of St. 
Bridget being buried at Down was unknown, 
and that the finding of the reliques of the Trias 
Thaumaturga at Down in 1 185, was an invention 
by Sir John De Courcy and his adherents, for the 
purpose of exalting the character of Down, then 
recently acquired by the English. See note f , 
under the year 1293, pp. 456, 457. The author 
of the fourth Life says that St. Bridget was bu- 
ried along with Patrick immediately after her 
death, but this is evidently an interpolation 
since De Courcy's time. 

a Ui-Breasail: i.e. theEace ofBreasal. These 



526.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



173 



was she who never turned her mind or attention from the Lord for the space of 
one hour, but was constantly meditating and thinking of him in her heart and 
mind, as is evident in her own Life*, and in the Life of St. Brenainn, Bishop 
of Cluain-fearta. She spent her time diligently serving the Lord, performing 
wonders and miracles, healing every disease and every malady, as her Life 
relates, until she resigned her spirit to heaven, the first day of the month of 
February y ; and her body was interred at Dun z , in the same tomb with Patrick, 
with honour and veneration. 

Ailill, Bishop of Armagh, who was of the Ui-Breasai?, died. 

The Age of Christ, 526. The twenty- third year of Muircheartach. It was 
to predict the death of Muircheartach that Cairneach said : 

I am fearfuP of the woman around whom many storms shall move, 

For the man who shall be burned in fire, on the side of Cleiteach wine shall 

drown. 

That is, by Sin, daughter of Sighe c , Muircheartach was killed, in revenge of 
her father, whom he had slain. 



were otherwise called Ui-Breasail-Macha and 
Clann - Breasail, and derived their name and 
lineage from Breasal, son of Feidhlim, son of 
Fiachra Casan, son of Colla Dachrich. See 
O'Flaherty's Ogygia, iii. c. 76. On an old map 
of a part of Ulster, preserved in the State Pa- 
per's Office, London, the territory of Clanbrazil 
is shewn as on the south side of Lough Neagh, 
where the Upper Bann enters that lake, from 
which, and from the space given it, we may 
infer that it was co-extensive with the present 
barony of Oneilland East. This Ailill was con- 
verted to Christianity by St. Patrick, together 
with his five brothers, and succeeded Dubhthach 
in the year 513. See Harris's edition of Ware's 
Bishops, p. 37- 

b I am fearful. These verses are also quoted 
by Tighernach. They are taken from a very old 
tragical tale entitled " Oighidh Mhuircheartaigh 
Mhoir micEarca" i. e. the Death of Muirchear- 
tach Mor Mac Earca, of which there is a copy 



on vellum, preserved in the Library of Trinity 
College, Dublin, H. 2. 16, p. 316. According 
to this story Muircheartach fell a victim to the 
revenge of a concubine named Sin (Sheen), for 
whom he had abandoned his lawful queen, but 
whom he afterwards consented to put away at 
the command of St. Cairneach. This concubine 
having lost her father mother, sister, and others 
of her family, who were of the old tribe of Tara, 
by the hand of Muircheartach, in the battle of 
Cirb or Ath-Sighe, on the Boyne, threw herself 
in his way, and became his mistress for the ex- 
press purpose of wreaking her vengeance upon 
him with the greater facility. And the story 
states that she burned the house of Cletty over 
the head of the monarch, who, when scorched by 
the flames, plunged into a puncheon of wine, 
in which he was suffocated. Hence, it was said, 
that he was drowned and burned. 

c Daughter ofSighe. See note ', under A. D. 
524, p. 171, supra. 



174 



[527. 



Car Giblinne pia TYluipcfprach mac Gapca, car moijhe hdilbe, each 
aimaine, each Cinneich,-] opccam na cCliach, carh Ctibne, pop Connaccaib, 
conaD Do na cacaib fin aebepc CeanDpaolaD. 

I 

Cach Cinn eich, cac dlmaine, 
ba haimpip aipbepc aimpe, 
opccain Cliach, each QiDne, 
acup each Tnaighe hQilbe. 

Caipell, mac TTlvnpeaohaig TTluinDeipcc, pi Ula6, Decc. 

Oilill, mac Ountaing, pi taijfn, DO ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo piche ap cache, lap mbeich cficpe bliaDna pichfc 
i pijhe nGpeann Do TTluipcfpcach, mac TTluipfDoij, mic eojam, mic Neill 
Naoijiallaij, po loipcceaD e i ccij Clecij uap 66mn, oibce Shamna mp na 
bacab hi ppin. Sfn acbepc an pann. 

dp mepi Caecen in jfn Do cfp aipeach Nell, 
dp 5 nria oai5 mo ainm, in jach aipm ap pen. 

Cfnopaolab po paioh : 

i 
pillip an pi TTlac Gapca allfich Ua Neill, 

pipe puil pfpna in gach moij, bpojaip cpioca hi ccen. 



d Magh AiMie A plain in the south of the 
county of Kildare. 

e Almhain. Now the hill of Allen, about five 
miles north of the town of Kildare. 

f Ceann-eich : i. e. Hill of the Horse, now 
Kinneigh, in the county of Kildare, adjoining 
Wicklow. 

g Cliachs These were in Idrone, in the pre- 
sent county of Carlow. 

h Aidhne. A territory in the south-west of 
the county of Galway, comprising the barony of 
Kiltartan See Magh Aidhne. 

' Burned in the house of Cleiteach The death 

of Muircheartach, who was the first monarch of 
Ireland of the Cinel-Eoghain or race of Eoghan, 
son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, is entered in 



the Annals of Tighernach as follows : 

" A. D. 533. 6a6u j TTluipceapcuij mic 6pca 
acelcumapina,ai6ceSamna, a mullac Cleici^ 
uap 6omo." 

" A.D. 533. The drowning of Muircheartach 
mac Erca in a puncheon of wine, on the night 
of Samhain, on the summit of Cletty, over the 
Boyne." 

And thus in the Annals of Ulster : 

" A. D. 533. Dimersio Muircertaig filii Erce 
in dolio plena vino, in arce Cletig, supra Boin." 

" A. D. 535. Velhic badhadh Murchertaig mic 
Erca, secundum alios." 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as translated 
by Mageoghegan, it is noticed as follows : 

" A. D. 533. King Moriertagh having had 



527.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



175 



The battle of Eibhlinne by Muircheartach mac Earca ; the battle of Magh- 
Ailbhe d ; the battle of Almhain 6 ; the battle of Ceann-eich f ; the plundering of 
the Cliachs 8 ; and the battle of Aidhne h against the Connaughtmen ; of which 
battles Ceannfaeladh said : 

The battle of Ceann-eich, the battle of Almhain, 

It was an illustrious famous period, 

The devastation of the Cliachs, the battle of Aidhne, 

And the battle of Magh-Ailbhe. 

* 

Cairell, son of Muireadhach Muindearg, King of Ulidia, died. 

Oilill, son of Dunking, King of Leinster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 527. After Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, son 
of Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, had been twenty-four years in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, he was burned in the house of Cleiteach 1 , over the 
Boyne, on the night of Samhain [the first of November], after being drowned 
in wine. Sin composed this quatrain : 



I am Taetan, the woman who killed the chief of Niall ; 
Gannadhaigh j is my name, in every place and road. 

Ceanfaeladh said : 

The king Mac Earca returns to the side of the Ui-Neill ; 

Blood reached the girdles k in each plain ; the exterior territories were enriched ; 



prosperous success, as well before he came to 
the crown as after, against these that rebelled 
against him, he was at last drowned in a kyve 
of wine, in one of his own manour houses called 
Cleytagh, neer the river of Boyne, by a fairie 
woman that burned the house over the king's 
head, on Hollandtide. The king, thinking to 
save his life from burning, entered the kyve of 
wine, and was so high that the wine could not 
keep him for depth, for he was fifteen foot high ! 
as it is laid down in a certain book of his life 
and death. This is the end of the King Mo- 
riertagh, who was both killed, drowned, and 
burned together, through his own folly, that 
trusted this woman, contrary to the advice of 



St. Carneagh." 

' Gannadaigh. In the Leabhar- Gabhala of 
the O'Clerys, the reading is Gamadaigh. In the 
historical tale on the death of Muircheartach, 
the concubine who burned the house of Cletty 
over his head is called by various names, as Sin, 
Taetan, Gaeth, Garbh, Gemadaig, Ochsad, and 
lachtadh, all which have certain meanings which 
the writer of the story turns to account in 
making this lady give equivocal answers to the 
king. The name Sin, means storm ; Taetan, fire ; 
Gaeth, wind ; Garbh, rough ; Gemadaigh, wintry ; 
Ochsad, a groan ; lactadh, lamentation. 

k Blood reached the girdles This is a hyper- 
bolical mode of expressing great slaughter : " Ut 



176 



CINNCKXI 



[528. 



PO peace pfpaip no caippri, acup biD cian bup cuman, 
Oo bfpc sialla Ua Neill, ta gmlla moije TTlurhan. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo pice a hocc. Qn ceD bliaDain Do Uuacal TTlaol- 
gapb, mac Copbmaic Caoich, mic Coipppe, mic Neill, i pie nGpeann. 

CachLuachpa.moipeecip Da inbfp,ppipa pairfp carhQilbe i mbpfghaib, 
pia cUuacal TTlaoljapb, pop Ciannachcaibh TTlioe. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo cpiocha a haon. Qn ceacparhab bliaoham Do 
Cuaral. Carh Claonlocha hi cCenel Qoba pia n^oibnearm, caoipioc 
Ua piacpach QiDne, aipm in po mapbaD Rlaine, mac Cfpbaill, 05 copnamh 
jeillpme Ua TTlaine Connacc. 

Qotp Cpiopr, cuig ceD cpiocha a cfcaip. Qn peachcrhab bliabain Do 
Cuaral. S. TTlochca, eppucc Cujmaij, Depcipul pacpaig, an naomab la 
Decc DO mi Qgupc po paoiD a ppipac Do cum mme, ap paip cuccab an cua- 
pupccbdil pi. 

piacail TTIochna ba maic bep, cpf cheD bliaDain, buan an cfp, 
c niompail pece puap gan mi'p monmaip pece piop. 



533, which agrees with the Annals of Ulster. 
Animosus, in the fourth Life of St. Bridget, 
published by Colgan, c. 99, has the following 
notice of the accession of King Tuathal : 

" Anno xxx. post obitum S. Patricii, regnante 
in Themoria Eegum Hibernise Murchiarta mac 
Ere, cui successit in regno Tuathal Moelgarbh 
obiit S. Brigida." Trias Thaum., p. 562. 

01 Ailblie, in Breagh This is the place now 
called Cluan-Ailbhe situated in the barony of 
Upper Duleek, and county of Meath. Luachair- 
mor tier da Inbher denotes " large rushy land 
between two streams or estuaries." The terri- 
tory of Cianachta-Breagh comprised the baronies 
of Upper and Lower Duleek. See note under 
Battle of Crinna, A. D. 226, supra. 

11 Claenloch, in Cinel-Aedha. The name Claen- 
loch is now obsolete. Cinel-Aedha, anglice Kine- 
lea, was the name of O'Shaughnessy's country, 
lying around the town of Gort, in the barony 
of Kiltartan, and county of Galway. 



hastes ad genua eorundem fuso cruore nata- 
rent." IntheLeabhar-Gabkala of the O'Clerys 
the reading is as follows : 

" Pillip an pi, ITlac 6pca, illeir Ua Peilt, 
piece puil pepna in cec nir, bpojhaipCpichi 

Cem, 
po peace beipip no! ccaippchi, acup ba cian 

Bup cuthan, 
Oo bepac gialla Ua HeiU, la jialla maijhe 

muman." 

" The king, Mac Erca, returns to the side of the 

Ui-Neill, 
Blood reached the girdles in each battle, an 

encrease to Crich-Cein! 
Seven times he brought nine chariots, and, 

long shall it be remembered, 
He bore away the hostages of the Ui-Noill, 
with the hostages of the plain of Munster." 

1 Tuaihal Maelgarbh O'Flaherty places the 

accession of Tuthalius Calvoasper in the year 



528.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 177 

Seven times he brought nine chariots, and long shall it be remembered 
He bore away the hostages of the Ui-Neill, with the hostages of the plain of 
Munster. 

The Age of Christ, 528. The first year of Tuathal Maelgarbh 1 , son of 
Cormac Caech, son of Cairbre, son of Mall, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The battle of Luachair-mor between the two Invers, which is called the 
battle of Ailbhe, in Breagh m , by Tuathal Maelgarbh, against the Cianachta of 
Meath. 

The Age of Christ, 531. The fourth year of Tuathal. The battle of 
Claenloch, in Cinel-Aedh", by Goibhneann , chief of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, 
where Maine, son of Cearbhall, was killed, in defending the hostages of Ui-Maine 
of Connaught p . 

The Age of Christ, 534. The seventh year of Tuathal. Saint Mochta, 
Bishop of Lughmhagh q , disciple of St. Patrick, resigned his spirit to heaven on 
the nineteenth day of August. It was of him the following testimony was 
given : 

The teeth of Mochta 1 of good morals, for three hundred years, lasting the rigour ! 
Were without [emitting] an erring word out from them, without [admitting] 
a morsel of obsonium inside them. 

Goibhneann This Goibhneann was the great descended from Maine, son of Niall of the Nine 

grandfather of the celebrated Guaire Aidhne, Hostages. After the establishment of surnames 

King of Connaught, who died in the year 662. O'Kelly was chief of Ui-Maine, in Connaught, 

He was the son of Conall, son of Eoghan Aidhne, and O'Catharnaigh, now Fox, chief of Tir-Many, 

son of Eochaidh Breac, who was the third son or Teffia. 

of Dathi, the last Pagan monarch of Ireland. q Mochta, Bishop ofLughmhagh: i. e. Mocteus, 

He is the ancestor of the Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, Bishop of Louth. See note 8 , under A. D. 448; 

whose country was coextensive with the diocese and note u , under A. D. 1 176. 

of Kilmacduagh. See Genealogies, Tribes, and ' The teeth of Mochta These verses are also 

Customs of ' Hy-Fiachrach, pp. 373, 374, and the quoted, with some slight variations of reading, 

large genealogical table in the same work. in the gloss on the FeUire-Aengius, preserved in 

P Ui-Maine, of Connaught The people of Hy- the Leahhar- Breac, after 15th April, and in 

Many, seated in the present counties of Gal way O'Clery's Irish Calendar, at 19th August, which 

and Roscommon. These were an offset of the is one of the festivals of St. Mochta. They are 

Oirghialla or Clann-Colla, and are here called also given (excepting the last quatrain), with a 

" of Connaught," to distinguish them from the Latin translation, by Colgan, Acta Sanctorum, 

Ui-Maine of Teffia, in Westmeath, who were 24 Mart., as follows : 

2 A 



178 



[535. 



pichic peanoip ppalmach, a cfglach piojba pemeann, 
J5an ap, gem buain, gan cfopaD, jan gmorhpab, accmab leijionn. 
Peap cpf pichic pfp cpf ceD, apcapuin ap pean an Dec, 
Mi mo cm ogan po jail, ip aicpibe an pfinpiacail. 

CtoipCpiopc.cuicc ceD cpiocha a cuij. Qn cochcmab bliabain DoCuacal. 
Gaclaip Doipe Caljaij Do pochughab la Colom Cille, lap ne&baipc an baile 
DO Dia Depbpine pen .1. Cenel cConaill ^ulban mic Nell. 

Copbmac, mac Oiblla, pi Lai jfn, Decc. 

Oilill, eppcop Ctpoa TTlacha, DO ecc. Oo UiB bpfpal DoipiDe beop. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceD cpiocha a peachc. Qn DeachmaD bliaDain Do 
Uuacal. S. LughaiD, eppucc Connepe, Decc. 

Cach Slijighe pia bpfpgup i pia nOomnall, Da mac TTluipcfpcai j, mic 
Gapcca, pia nQinmipe, mac SeDna, ] pia nQinDiD, mac Ouach, pop Gojan 
bel, pi Connachc. T?o meabaiD an each pfmpa, Do pochaip Gojan 6el, Dia 
nebpaD inDpo. 

pichcep each Ua piachpach, la pfipcc paobaip, cap imbel, 
buap namac pprplfjha, ppecha in cac i CpinDep. 



Sexaginta seniores psalmicani, choriato ejus 
familia augusta et magnifica, 

Qui nee arabant, nee metebant, nee tritura-- 
bant, nee aliud faciebant, quam studiis in- 
cumbere." Acta Sanctorum, p. 734. 

Colgan then goes on to shew that cpi cdo 
bliaoan is an error for cpi pe ceo bliaoon, or 
ppi p6 ceo bliaoam, i. e. for a period of one 
hundred years ; and he quotes four lines from a 
poem by Cumineus of Connor, to shew that 
Mochta lived only one hundred years in this 
state of austerity. 

s Doire-Chalgaigh. Now Derry or London- 
derry. The name Doire-Chalgaigh is translated 
Roboretum Calgachi by Adamnan, in his Life 
of Columba, lib. i. c. 20. According to tEe 
Annals of Ulster this monastery was founded 
in 545, which is evidently the true year. 

" A. D. 545. Daire Coluim Cille fundata est." 



" piacuil FDocca, ba tnaic b6p ! cpf c6o blia- 

6an (buan an dip) 
gan jhur niompuill peice punp ! jan riiip 

nionmaip peice pip. 

Nip bo oocca muinnceplTlocca! Cujmaijlip: 
Cpt ceo pajapc, um ceo neppoc! maille 



Cpi picio peanoip palmac! a ceajlac pioj- 

6a pemeno : 
^an ap, jan Buain, jan ciopao, gan jniorh- 

pao, aco mao lejeno." 

" Denies Moctei, qui fuit moribus integer, spa- 

tio trecentorum annorum (quantus rigor!) 
Nee verbum otiosum extra emisere, nee quid- 

quam obsonii intra admisere. 
Non fuit angusta familia Moctei, Lugmagensis 

Monasterii : 
Trecentiprassbyteri, et centum Episcopi, erant 

cum ipso 



535.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 179 

Three-score psalm-singing seniors, his household of regal course, 

Without tilling, reaping, or threshing, without any work but reading. 

A man of three-score, a man of three hundred, blessed be God, how old the 

teeth ! 
Not more has the youth under valour ! How lasting the ancient teeth ! 

The Age of Christ, 535. The eighth year of Tuathal. The church of 
Doire-Calgaigh* was founded by Colum Cille, the place having been granted 
to him by his own tribe 1 , i. e. the race of Conall Gulban, son of Niall. 

Cormac, son of Ailill, King of Leinster, died. 

Oilill, Bishop of Armagh", died. He was also of the Ui-Breasail. 

The Age of Christ, 537. The tenth year of Tuathal. St. Lughaidh, Bishop 
of Connor, died. 

The battle of Sligeach" by Fearghus and Domhnall, the two sons of Muir- 
cheartach mac Earca ; by Ainmire, son of Sedna ; and Ainnidh, son of Duach, 
against Eoghan Bel, King of Connaught. They routed the forces before them, 
and Eoghan Bel was slain, of which was said : 

The battle of the Ui-Fiachrach was fought with fury of edged weapons against 

Bel, 
The kine of the enemy roared with the javelins, the battle was spread out at 

Grinder*. < '., .. 

Colgan, who does not appear to have observed who died in 526 See note under that year, 

this date in the Ulster Annals, has come to the and Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 37. 
conclusion that it could not have been erected w Sligeach: i.e. the River Sligo, which rises 

before the year 540, as St. Columbkille was in Lough Gill, and washes the town of Sligo. 
born in the year 516 [recte 518] See Trias * At Grinder. This might be read "at 

Thaum., p. 502. Kinder," but neither form of the name is now 

* His own tribe. St. Columbkille was the son extant. There is a very curious account of this 

of Feidhlim, son of Fearghus Ceannfada, who battle of Sligeach in the Life of St. Ceallach, 

was son of Conall Gulban, the ancestor of Kinel- Bishop of Kilmore-Moy, who was the son of 

Connell, the most distinguished families of Eoghan Bel, King of Connaught who was slain 

whom were the O'Canannans, O'Muldorrys, in this battle. It states that Eoghan lived three 

O'Donnells, O'Dohertys, O'Boyles, and O'Gal- days, or, according to other accounts, a week, 

laghers, who always regarded St. Columbkille after being mortally wounded in this battle, 

as their relative and patron. That when he felt his own strength giving way, 

u Oilill, Bishop of Armagh. He is otherwise and saw that death was inevitable, he advised 

called Ailill. He succeeded his relative Ailill I., his own people, the Ui-Fiachrach, to send for 

2 A2 



180 



cnwata Rio^hachca emeawN. 



[538. 



dp celc Slicech DO mup map F uile 

bepcair ilaij rap 6ba, im cfnD nGogham beoil. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo rpiocha a hochr. lap mbfir aon bliabam Decc 
hi pfghe nGpeann DO Uuacal TTlaoljapb, mac Copbmaic Caoich, mic Coipppe, 
mic Nell, copchaip i n^pea^'S eillce la TTlaolmop, mac Cfipgfoain, oioe 
Oiapmooa mic Cfpbaill epibe, -\ DO pochaip TTlaolmop inD po cheoop, Dia 
nebpaDh, 

Gchc TTlaoile moip naD mall, nf gniom coip po CITID, 

TTlapbaD Uuacoil cpein, aopochaip pein inn. 



his son Ceallach, who was at Clonmacnoise, 
under the tuition of St. Kieran, to be prepared 
for holy orders, and entreat of him to accept of 
the kingdom of Connaught, as his second son, 
Muireadhach, was not of fit age to succeed him. 
His people did so, and Ceallach, fired with am- 
bition at the news of his being the next heir to 
the kingdom of Connaught, forgot his promises 
to St. Kieran, and eloped from him, despite of 
all his remonstrances and threats. The result 
was that St. Kieran denounced and cursed him 
solemnly, which finally wrought his destruction. 
According to this authority, Eoghan Bel or- 
dered his people to bury his body on the south 
side of Sligeach, in a standing position, with his 
red javelin in his hand, and with his face turned 
towards Ulster, as if fighting with his enemies. 
This was accordingly done, and the result is said 
to have been that, as long as the body was left 
in that position, the Connaughtmen routed the 
Ulstennen, who fled, panic-stricken, whenever 
they came in collision with them. But the 
Ulstennen, learning the cause of such a talis- 
manic result, disinterred the body of Eoghan 
Bel, and, carrying it northwards over the River 
Sligeach, buried it, with the face under, at the 
cemetery of Aenach-Locha-Gile, on the north 
side of the river, and thus restored their natural 
courage to the Ulstermen See note s , under 
the year 458, pp. 144, 145, supra, where the 



body of the monarch Laeghaire is said to have 
been interred at Tara, accoutred in his battle 
dress, and with his face turned against his ene- 
mies, the Leinstermen, as if defying them to 
battle See also Genealogies, Tribes, fyc., of Hy- 
Fiachrach, pp. 472, 473. 

y Eabha Now Machaire-Eabha, a plain at 

the foot of the mountain of Binbulbin, to the 
north of the River Sligo, through which the 
Ulster army generally marched on their incur- 
sions into Connaught. 

' Greallach-eittte : i. e. the Miry Place of the 
Does. According to the Book of Lecan, this 
place is situated at the foot of Sliabh Gamh. 
In the Annals of Ulster the death of Tuathal 
Maelgarbh is entered under the year 543, as 
follows : 

" A. D. 543. Tuathal Maelgarb juguLaius esl 
a nGreallach-Alta la Maelmorda, cui successit 
Diarmait mac Cearbhail, Bex Hibernue." 

" A. D. 548. Vel hoc anno Tuathal Maelgarb 
interiit in Grellach Elte, Rex Temorie jugulatus 
per Maelmore, qui et ipse statim occisus est; unde 
dicitur, the Greate act of Maelmore." Cod. Clar. 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise, however, it is 
stated that he was killed at Greallach-Daphill 
[which is situated on the River LifFey, in the 
present county of Kildare], in the year 547, 
but the true year is 544, as appears from Tigh- 
ernach. The Annals of Clonmacnoise give the 



538.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



181 



The Sligeach bore to the great sea the blood of men with their flesh, 

They carried many trophies across Eabha y , together with the head of Eoghan Bel. 

The Age of Christ, 538. After Tuathal Maelgarbh, son of Cormac Caech, 
son of Cairbre, son of Niall, had been eleven years in the sovereignty of Ireland, 
he was slain, at Greallach-eillte z , by Maelmor, son of Airgeadan, who was the 
tutor of Diarmaid mac Cearbhaill ; and Maelmor fell in revenge of it thereof 
immediately, of which was said : 

The fate of Maelmor was not slow; it was not a just deed he accomplished, 
The killing of the mighty Tuathal ; he himself fell for it. 



following account of the manner in which this 
monarch came by his death : 

"A. D. 535. Twahal Moylegarve began his 
reign, and reigned eleven years. He was son of 
Cormack Keigh, who was son of Carbrey, who 
was son of Neal of the Nine Hostages. He 
caused Dermot Mac Kervel to live in exile, and 
in desert places, because he claimed to have a 
right to the crown." 

" A. D. 547 [rede 544]. King Twahal having 
proclaimed throughout the whole kingdom the 
banishment of Dermot Mac Kervel, with a great 
reward to him that would bring him his heart, 
the said Dermot, for fear of his life, lived in 
the deserts of Clonvicknose (then called Artibra) ; 
and meeting with the abbot St. Keyran, in the 
place where the church of Clonvicknose now 
stands, who was but newly come hither to 
dwell from Inis-Angin" [now InipQinjm, alias 
Hares' Island, in the Shannon], "and having no 
house or place to reside and dwell in, the said 
Dermot gave him his assistance to make a house 
there ; and in thrusting down in the earth one 
of the peers of the tymber or wattles of the 
house, Dermot took St. Keyran's hand, and did 
put it over his own hand in sign of reverence to 
the saint. Whereupon St. Keyran humbly be- 
sought God, of his great goodness, that by that 
time to-morrow ensuing that the hands of 
Dermot might have superiority over all Ireland, 



which fell out as the saint requested; for Mul- 
morrie O'Hargedie, foster-brother of the said 
Dermot, seeing in what perplexity the noble- 
man was in, besought him that he would be 
pleased to lend him his black horse, and that he 
would make his repair to Greallie-da-Phill, 
where he heard King Twahal to have a meeting 
with some of his nobles, and there would pre- 
sent him a whealp's heart on a spear's head, in- 
stead of Dermot's heart, and by that means get 
access to the King, whom he would kill out of 
hand, and by the help and swiftness of his horse 
save his own life, whether they would or no. 
Dermot, lystening to the words of his foster- 
brother, was among" [between] " two extre- 
mities, loath to refuse him, and far more loath 
to lend it him, fearing he should miscarry, and 
be killed ; but between both he granted him his 
request; whereupon he prepared himself, and 
went as he resolved, mounted on the black horse, 
a heart besprinkled with blood on his spear, to 
the place where he heard the King to be. The 
King and people, seeing him come in that man- 
ner, supposed that it was Dermot's heart that 
was to be presented by the man that rode in 
poste haste ; the whole multitude gave him way 
to the King; and when he came within reach 
to the King, as though to tender him the heart, 
he gave the King such a deadly blow of his 
fpear that he (the King) instantly fell down 



182 



[539- 



Goip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo cpiocha a naoi. Qn ceio bliabain Do Oiapmaicc, 
mac pfpjupa Ceippbeoil, i pije nGpeann. Oicfnoaoh Gbacuc i naonach 
'Cailcfn cpe miopbailib Oe -| Ciapdin .1. luije neicij Do paDpom po laim 
Ciapam, co po gab aillpe pop a mumel (.1. ap pop a muinel po puipim Ciapan 
a lam) co copcaip a ceano oe. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuijj ceo cfrpacha a haon. Ctn cpeap bliaoain Do Oiapmaic. 
S. Qilbe, aipoeppoc Imlich lubaip, Oecc an Dapa la Decc Do Seprembep. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo ceacpacha a rpf. Ctn cuijeaD blia&ain Do Oiap- 
maic. pidij egpamail coiccfnn ap pf6 na cpuinne, gup pgpiop an rpian bii 
aipmionice Don cinfo Daonna. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo cfcpacha, a cfraip. Qn peipeaO blia&ain Do 
Oiapmaic. S. TTlobf Clapameach .1. bfpchan 6 5^ ai P NaiDen, pop bpu 
abano Lippe, Don Ifir i rcuaiD, Decc, an Dapa la Decc Do mi Occobep. 

Cach Guile Conaipe i cCfpa pia bphfpjup -j pia nOomnall Da mac 



dead in the midst of his people; whereupon the 
man was upon all sides besett, and at last taken 
and killed ; so as speedy news came to Dermot, 
who immediately went to Taragh, and there was 
crowned King, as St. Keyran" [had] " prayed 
and prophesied before." See also Ussher's 
Primordia, pp. 947, 954, 957, 1064, 1065, 
1139. 

a The first year of Diarmaid. The accession 
of Diarmaid is entered in the Clarendon copy of 
the translation of the Annals of Ulster, torn. 49, 
under the year 544, as follows : 

" A. D. 544. Mortalitas prima quee dicitur 
Blefed, in qua Mobi Claireineach obiit. Mors 
Comgail mac Domangairt, ut aliidicunt. Diarmot, 
mac Fergussa, Ceirbeoil, mic Conaill Cremthain, 
mic Neill Naigiallaig, regnare incipit, secundum 
Librum Cuanach." 

It should be here remarked that in Doctor 
O'Conor's edition of the Annals of Ulster the 
pedigree of Diarmaid is made that of Congal 
mac Domangairt, King of Scotland, by a mistake 
of his own, or of his original. This error, he ob- 
serves, is in the Clarendon and Bodleian copies ; 



but this is not true, for the passage is correct, 
and as above printed, in the Clarendon manu- 
script, torn. 49. 

b Abacuc, This extraordinary story is also 
given in the Annals of Tighernach. It would 
appear from the Dublin copy of the Annals of 
Innisfallen, that he was brought to Clonmac- 
noise to be cured, and that he lived six years 
afterwards ! See the Irish version of Nennius, 
where different versions of this story are given. 

c Indeach-Iubhair: i. e. the Holm or Strath of 
the Yew, now Emly, in the county of Tippe- 
rary. See Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, 
pp. 489, 491. In the Annals of Ulster, and 
the Bodleian copy of the Annals of Inisfallen, 
the death of Ailbhe is entered under the year 
526, which seems the true year; but it is re- 
peated in the Annals of Ulster at 541. Ware 
quotes the Life of St. Declan, and the Life of 
St. Ailbhe, to shew that Emly was made the 
seat of the archbishopric of Munster, in the 
lifetime of St. Patrick, and that St. Ailbhe was 
constituted archbishop ; and Ussher (Primordia, 
p. 866) quotes an old Irish distich from Declan's 



539.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



183 



The Age of Christ, 539. The first year of Diarmaid", son of Fearghus 
Ceirrbheoil, in the sovereignty of Ireland. The decapitation of Abacuc b at the 
fair of Tailltin, through the miracles of God and Ciaran ; that is, a false oath he 
took upon the hand of Ciaran, so that a gangrene took him in his neck (i. e. 
St. Ciaran put his hand upon his neck), so that it cut off his head. 

The Age of Christ, 541. The third year of Diarmaid. St. Ailbhe, Arch- 
bishop of Imleach-Iubhair c , died on the twelfth day of September. 

The Age of Christ, 543. The fifth year of Diarmaid. There was an ex- 
traordinary universal plague d through the world, which swept away the noblest 
third part of the human race. 

The Age of Christ, 544. The sixth year of Diarmaid. St. Mobhi Cla- 
raineach 6 , i. e. Berchan of Glais-Naidhen f , oft the brink of the Liffey, on the 
north side, died on the second day of the month of October. 

The battle of Cuil-Conaire, in Ceara 8 , [was fought] by Fearghus and Dom'h- 



Life, to shew that St. Ailbhe was called the 
"Patrick" of Munster. It is said that St. 
Ailbhe was converted to Christianity so early 
as the year 360 (Ussher, Index Chron. ad an. 
360) ; but this is incredible, if he lived either 
till 526 or 541. Tirechan says that he was 
ordained a priest by St. Patrick, and this is evi- 
dently the truth. His festival was celebrated at 
Emly on the 12th of September. 

d Universal plague This plague, which was 

called by the Irish Blefed, is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster under the year 544, and in 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 546. In 
most chronological tables it is noticed under 
the year 543, as having passed from Africa into 
Europe. It is thus entered in Tighernach's 
Annals: 

" Kal. Jan.fer. 1, anno postquam Papa Vigi- 
lius obiit, Mortalitas magna que Blefed dicitur, in 
qua Mobi Clarinach, cut nomen est Berchan, 
obiit." 

" St. Mobhi Claraineach : i. e. Mobhi of the 
flat Face (tabulata facie) See O'Donnell's Vita 
Columbce, lib. i. c. 43; Trias Thaum., 396. 



f Glais-Naidhen Now Glasnevin, near Dub- 
lin. Dr. Lanigan asserts, in his Ecclesiastical 
History of Ireland, vol. ii. p. 78, that Glais- 
Naidhen must have been on the south side of 
the River Liffey, because it was in the territory 
of Galenga; ; but this generally acute and honest 
writer was imposed on in this instance by the 
fabrications of Beauford and Rawson. The Four 
Masters should have described it as " near the 
Liffey to the north," or " popBpu Pionnglaipe 
FP' tipe a ocuaio, on the brink of the Finglass, 
to the north of the Liffey," and not " on the 
margin of the Liffey." See Colgan's Trias 
Thaum., p. 613, where Glais-Naoidhen is de- 
scribed as "in regione GalengK, et juxta Lif- 
feum fluvium in Lagenia." 

Mageoghegan states, in his Annals of Clon- 
macnoise^ that he " is supposed to be" [the same 
as the prophet] " called in English Merlin." 

* Cuil-Conaire, in Ceara There is no place 
now bearing this name in the barony of Ceara, 
or Carra, in the county of Mayo/ This battle 
is entered in the Annals of Ulster under the 
year 549, as follows : 



184 



[545. 



TTluipcfpcaich mic Gapcca, pop Qilill Inb'anoa, pi Conoachr, -j pop Qooh 
ppopcarhail, i copchaip Qilill -] Gooh ann. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cui5 ceo cfcpacha a cuig. "Qn peaccrhab bliabain Do Oiap- 
S. Qilbe Sfnchuae Ua nOiliolla oecc. 



maic. 



Qoip Cpiopr, GUIS ceo cfrpacha ape. Qn rochcrhab bliabain Do Diap- 
maicc. Cach Cuilne in po mapbab pocaibe Do Chopc Oice rpia epnaibe 
n-loe Cluana cpeabail. porhab mac Conaill Oecc. Caipppe, mac Copp- 
maic, pi Laijfn, Do ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cui5 ceo cfrpacha a peachc. Qn naomab bliabain Do 
Oiapmair. Ri Ulaoh, 6ochai6, mac Conolaib, mic Caolb'aib, mic Cpuinn 
6a6pai, oecc. 

Coipeac Uearhba, Cpiomrann, mac bpiuin, Decc. 

8. Dubrach, abb Qpoa TTlaca, DO ecc. Oo pfol Colla Uaip Dopi&e. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceD cfcpacha a hochc. Q Deich Do Diapmaicc. 
3. Ciapan mac an cpaoip, ab Cluana mic Noip, Decc an naomab la Do Sep- 
rembep. Upi bliabna cpiocha poc a paojail. 



" A. D. 549. Bellum Guile Conaire i gCera, 
ubi cecidit Ailill Inbanna, ri Connacbt acus Aed 
Fortobal, a brathair. Fergus et Domnall, da 
mac Muircheartaig mic Earca, victores erant. 

" A. D. 549. The battle of Cuil-Conaire in 
Ceara" [was fought] "where fell Ailill Inbanna, 
King of Connaught, and his brother, Aedh the 
Brave. Fearghus and Domhnall, the two sons 
of Muircheartach mac Earca, were the victors." 
See Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy- 
Fiachrach, p. 313. 

h Seanchua-Ua-nOiliolla Now Shancoe, a 

parish in the barony of Tir-Oiliolla, or Tirerrill, 
in the county of Sligo. This church is men- 
tioned in the Annotations of Tirechan, in the 
Book of Armagh, fol. 15, a, a; and in the Tri- 
partite Life of St. Patrick, part ii. c. 35 ; Trias 
Thaum., p. 134. 

' Cuilne. Not identified. This passage is 
entered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 551, 
thus : 

" A. D. 551. Bellum Cuilne, in quo ceciderunt 



Corcu Oche Muman, oraiionibus Itce Cluana." 

k Corcoiche. These were a sept of the Ui- 
Fidhgeinte, seated in the present county of 
Limerick, in the barony of Lower Connello, of 
whom, after the establishment of surnames, 
O'Macassy was the chieftain. The celebrated 
St. Molua, of Cluain-feartaMolua, in the Queen's 
County, was of this sept, but St. Ida was their 
patron See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, iii. c. 81. 

1 Cluain-Creadhail. NowKilleedy, an ancient 
church in a parish of the same name, in the 
barony of Upper Connello and county of Lime- 
rick, and about five miles to the south of New- 
castle. This monastery is described in the Life 
of St. Ita, as well as in that of St. Brendan, as 
situated at the foot of Sliabh-Luachra, in the 
west of the territory of Ui- Conaill- Gabhra; and 
the writer of the Life of St. Brendan states that 
it was Kill-Ite in his own time See Life of 
St. Ita apud Colgan, 15th Jan. 

m Fothadh,sonofConall Some of these events 
are misplaced in the Annals of the Four Masters, 



545.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



185 



nail, two sons of Muircheartach mac Earca, against Ailill Inbhanda, King of 
Connaught, and Aedh Fortamhail ; and Ailill and Aedh were slain. 

The Age of Christ, 545. The seventh year of Diarmaid. St. Ailbhe, of 
Seanchu-Ua-nOiliolla h , died. 

The Age of Christ, 546. The battle of Cuilne 1 , in which many of the 
Corcoiche* were slain through the prayers of [St.] Ida, of Cluain-Creadhail. 
Fothadh, son of Conall m , died. Cairbre, son of Corroac, King of Leinster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 547. The ninth year of Diarmaid. The King of Ulidia, 
Eochaidh, son of Connla", son of Caelbhadh, son of Crunn Badhrai, died. 

The chief of Teathbha, Crimhthann, son of Brian , died. 

St. Dubhthach", Abbot of Ard-Macha [Armagh], died. He was of the race 
of Colla Uais. 

The Age of Christ, 548. The tenth year of Diarmaid. St. Ciaran", son of 
the artificer, Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois r , died on the ninth day of September. 
Thirty-three years was the length of his life. 



as will appear from the Annals of Ulster and 
Clonmacnoise : 

" A. D. 551. Mors Fothaid, JUii Conaill." 
Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 550. Fohagh mac Conell died." An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise. 

" Eochaidh, son ofConnla " A.D.552. Mors 

Eachach mic Conleid, ri Ulad a quo omnes I- 
Eachach-Ulad." Ann. Ult., Clarendon, torn. 49. 

"A. D. 550. Ahagh mac Conlay, King of Ul- 
ster, of whom Ivehagh is called." Ann. Clon. 

Crimhthann, son of Brian "A.D.552. Mors 
Crimthain mic Briuin. Sic in Libra Cuanach 
invent." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 550. Criowhan mac Briwyn, King of 
Teafia, died." 

This Crimhthann (Criffan) was the brother of 
Brendan, chief of Teffia, who granted the site 
of Dearmhagh, now Burrow, to St. Columbkille. 
He was son of Brian, son of Maine (the ancestor 
of the Ui-Maine of Meath, otherwise called the 
men of Teffia), who was son of the monarch 
Niall of the Nine Hostages. 

2 



p Dubhthach In the Annals of Ulster he is 
called Duach: 

" A. D. 547. Duach, abbas Arda Macha, do 
siol Colla Uais, quievit." 

But he is called Dubhthach in the list of the 
archbishops of Armagh preserved in the Psalter 
of Cashel, and this is the true form of the name. 
See Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 38 ; 
also at the year 513. 

' St. Ciaran "A.D. 548. Dormitatio Ciarain 
mic an tsaoir anno xxxiv etatis sue." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 547. King Dermot was not above 
seven months king, when St. Keyran died in 
Clonvicknose, when he dwelt therein but seven 
months before, in the thirty-third year of his 
age, the 9th of September. His father's name 
was Beoy, a Connaughtman, and a carpenter. 
His mother, Darerca, of the issue of Corck mac 
Fergus Mac Eoye, of the Clanna-Eowries, &c., 
&c. His body was buried in the little church 
of Clonvicknose." Ann. Clon. 

' Cluain-mic-Nois. Now Clonmacnoise, other- 
wise called the " seven churches," situated on 



186 



[548. 



8. Uijfpnach, eappocCluana heoaip, Do ool Decc an cfrpamaD odppil. 

S. TTlac Uail Cille Cuilinn (.1. Gojan mac Copcpam) oecc, an raonmab 
la oecc Do mf lun. 8. Colum mac Cpiomehamn Decc. 

8. Sinceall pfn, mac Cfnanoam, abb Cille achaio Opoma poDa, DO &ol 
Decc an peipeaO la pichfc DO TTlapca, cpiocha ap cpi ceo bliabain poD a 
paojail. 

8. Oohpdn, o Leicpiochaib' Oopdin, Decc an Dapa la Do mi Occobep. 

8. pinDen, abbCluana hGpaipo, oioe naom Gpeann, Decc, 12 Oecembep. 
8. Colaim Innpi Cealrpa Decc. Oon mopclaD Dap bo hamm an Chpon 



the east side of the Shannon, in the barony of 
Garrycastle, and King's County. This was 
founded by St. Ciaran in the year 547, accord- 
ing to the Annals of Ulster. 

s Cluain-eois Now Clones, in the barony of 
Dartry, and county of Monaghan. The Annals 
of Ulster agree in placing his death in this year. 

1 CM- Cuilinn. Now old Kilcullen, in the 
county of Kildare. The Annals of Ulster agree 
with this date, but the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
place the death of Mac Tail in the year 550. 

" Colum, son of Crimhthann. According to 
the Feilire-Aenguis and the Calendar and Ge- 
nealogies of the Irish Saints, compiled by Mi- 
chael O'Clery, he was abbot of Tir-da-ghlais 
(now Terryglass, near the Shannon, in the ba- 
rony of Lower Ormond, and county of Tippe- 
rary), where his festival was celebrated on the 
13th of December. O'Clery remarks that, al- 
though he was called Mac Crimhthann, he was 
really the son of Ninnidh, who was the fifth in 
descent from Crimhthann. He should, there- 
fore, be called Colam Ua-Crimlithainu, and in 
the Annals of Ulster he is called " Colum nepos 
Crumthainn." Thus : 

" A. D. 548. Mortalitas magna in qua istipau- 
sant Colum nepos Crumthainn, et Mac Tail Cille 
Cuilinn," &c. 

Cill-achaidh Droma-foda Now Killeigh, in 
the barony of Geshill, King's County See notes 



under A. D. 1393 and 1447. St. Sincheall, the 
elder, was the son of Cennfhionnan, who was 
the ninth in descent from Cathaeir Mor, mo- 
narch of Ireland. His festival was celebrated 
at Killeigh, on the 26th of March. St. Sin- 
cheall, junior, was his relative, and his festival 
was celebrated on the 25th of June. See Col- 
gan's Ada Sanctorum, pp. 747, 748. 

* Thirty and three hundred years. Colgan 
thinks that this number should be 130. His 
words are as follows : 

" Ita Quatuor Mag. in Annalibus ad eundem 
annum dicentes : ' S. Senchellus senior, jtims Cen- 
nannani, Abbas de Kitt-achuidh-Drumfhoda, obiit 
26 Martii vixit annis 330.' Et idem quoad an- 
nos vitae ejus tradit Maguir ad 26 Martii, et 
Scholiastes Festilogii ^Engussianni, ex cujus 
depravato (ut reor) textu hie error videtur 
originem duxisse. In eo enim legitur, tricked 
bliadhan If tridhich, .i. trecenti anni, et triginta, 
ubi legendum potius videtur re died bliadhan fy 
tridheich .i. spatio centum annorum, & triginta. 
Nam qui anno 548 obiit, si tricentis triginta 
annis vixisset, debuit natus fuisse anno 219, 
quod plane est incredibile ; cum nullus author 
indicet ipsum floruisse ante tempera S. Patricii, 
qui anno 432 in Hiberniam venit." Acta Sanc- 
torum, p. 748, not. 10. 

y Leitrioch-Odhrain. Now Latteragh, in the 
barony of Upper Ormond, and county of Tippe- 



548.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



187 



St. Tighearnach, Bishop of Cluain-eois s , died on the 4th of April. 

St. Mac Tail of Cill-Cuilinir (i. e. Eoghan, son of Corcran), died on the 
eleventh day of the month of June. St. Colum, son of Crimhthann", died. 

St. Sincheall the elder, son of Ceanannan, Abbot of Cill-achaidh Droma- 
foda", died on the twenty-sixth day of March. Thirty and three hundred years 1 
was the length of his life. 

St. Odhran, of Leitrioch-Odhrain", died on the second day of the month of 
October. 

St. Finnen, Abbot of Cluain-Eraird z , tutor of the saints of Ireland, died. 
St. Colam, of Inis-Cealtra a , died. Of the mortality which was called the Cron- 



rary See Colgan's Ada Sanctorum, p. 191. 

His festival is set down in O'Clery's Irish Ca- 
lendar at 2nd October, and again at 26th Oc- 
tober. His church of Letracha is referred to, 
in the Feilire-Aenguis, at 27th October, as in 
the territory of Muscraighe-Thire. 

1 Cluain-Eraird : i. e. Erard's Lawn or Mea- 
dow. Erard or Irard was a man's proper name, 
very common amongst the ancient Irish, signi- 
fying lofty or noble : 

" Erard idem quod nobilis altus vel eximius. 
Erat autem hoc nomen inter Hibernos olim non 
infrequens, ut patet ex illo a quo Cluain Eraird 
nomen accepii." Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 
p. 28, not. 4. 

Colgan has published all that is known of 
this tutor of the Irish saints in his Acta Sancto- 
rum, at 23rd February, where he shews that he 
lived till the year 563. His festival is set down 
at 12th of December in the Feilire-Aenguis, in 
which he is called Finnia; and in O'Clery's Irish 
Calendar, in which the following notice of him 
is given : 

" St. Finnen, abbot of Clonard, ' son of Finn- 
logh, son of Fintan, of the Clanna-Eudhraighe. 
Sir James Ware calls him Finian or Finan, son 
of Fintan (placing the grandfather in place of 
the father). He was a philosopher and an emi- 
nent-divine, who first founded the College of 

2 



Clonard, in Meath, near the Boyne, where there 
were one hundred Bishops, and where, with 
great care and labour, he instructed many cele- 
brated saints, among whom were the two Kie- 
rans, the two Brendans, the two Columbs, viz., 
Columbkille and Columb Mac Crimhthainn, 
Lasserian, son of Nadfraech, Canice, Mobheus, 
Rodanus, and many others not here enumerated. 
His school was, in quality, a holy city, full of 
wisdom and virtue, according to the writer of 
his life, and he himself obtained the name of 
Finnen the Wise. He died on the 1 2th of De- 
cember, in the year of our Lord 552, or, ac- 
cording to others, 563, and was buried in his 
own church at Clonard." 

* Inis-Ceahra An island in the north-west 
of Loch Deirgdheirc, now Lough Derg, near 
the village of Scariff, in the county of Clare. It 
formerly belonged to Kinel-Donnghaile, the ter- 
ritory of the O'Gradys, in Thomond, or the 
county of Clare, but is now considered a part 
of the county of Gal way. 

" Colum of Inis-Cealtra" is also mentioned in 
the Annals of Ulster as dying of the Mortalitas 
magna in 548, and in the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise, at 550, as dying of the great pestilence 
called " The Boye Conneall;" but the Editor has 
not been able to discover any further account 
of him. 
B2 



188 



[550. 



Chonaill,-) ba hipiDe an cheo bui&e Chonmll, acbacpac na naoirh pn, ace 
Ciapan ] djfpnach. 

bap Garach, mic Connlo, pf Ula6, a quo Ui Gacac Ula6. Uijfpnac. 

Goip Cpiopc, cuig ceo caocca. Q Do Decc Do Oiapmaicc. OauiD mac 
Uf popannam, eppcop Qpoa TTlacha, -] Cegaicc na hGpeann uile, DO 



ecc. 



Ctoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo caocca a haon. G cpi Decc Do Oiapmaicc. 
8. Neapan Lobap Decc. peapgna, mac Qongupa, pi UlaD, Do mapbaD hi 
ccach Opoma cleice la Oeman, mac Caipill, -| la hUib Gachach nGpoa. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceD caocca a Do. Q cfcap Decc Do Oiapmaicc. 
6accluip bfnDcaip DO pochujaD la Comjall bfnocaip. peip Ufrhpa DO 
Dfnam la pij Gpeann, Oiapmaicr, mac pfpgupa Ceppbeoil. TTIapbab Col- 
main TTioip, mic Oiapmara, ina cappar la Oubploir hUa Upfna DO Chpuic- 
neacoib. 



b Croti-ChonaiU. This is translated Flava 
Ictericia, the yellow jaundice, by Colgan. Acta 
Sanctorum, p. 831, col. 2 : " Mortalitate Cron- 
chonnuill (id est flava ictericia) appellata, hi 
omnes sancti, prater S. Kieranum et S. Tiger- 
nachum extincti sunt." 

c Ulidia. The Editor shall henceforward use 
Ulidia for Uladh, when it denotes the portion of 
the province of Uladh, or Ulster, lying east of 
the Eiver Bann, and Gleann-Righe, to distin- 
guish it from the whole province. 

d Ui-Eathach- Uladh : i. e. nepotes Eochodii 
Ulidiae. These were the inhabitants of the ba- 
ronies of Iveagh, in the county of Down See 

Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and Connor and 
Dromore, by the Rev. Wm. Reeves, M.B., pp. 348 
to 352. 

' Guaire. In the old translation of the An- 
nals of Ulster, this passage is given as follows : 

" A. D. 550. Qfiies Davidis filii Guaire I-Fo- 
rannain Episcopi Ardmache et Legati totius Hi- 
bernice." 

But Dr. O'Conor says that "Legati totius Hi- 
bernice" is not to be found in any of the Irish 
copies of the Ulster Annals. See Colgan's Trias 



Thaum,, p. 293 ; and Harris Ware's Bishops, p. 38. 

' Neasan, the leper. This is Nessan, the patron 
saint of Mungret, near Limerick, whose festival 

was celebrated on the 25th of July See Vita 

Tripartita, S. Patricii, part iii. c. 62 ; Trias 
Thaum., p 157, 185- The death of Nesan, the 
Leper, is given, in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 
under the year 561. 

s Druim- Cleithe This was probably the name 
of the place on which the church of Cill-cleithe, 
or Kilclief, in the barony of Lecale, and county 
of Down, was afterwards built. This entry is 
given in the Annals of Clonmacnoise under the 
year 561. 

h Ui-Eathach- Arda: i. e. nepotes Eochodii of 
Ardes, in the county of Down. 

1 Bennchair Now Bangor, in the north of 
the barony of Ards, in the county of Down. 
The erection of this church is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster under the years 554and 558 : 
" Ecclesia Bennchuir fundata est." Ussher ap- 
proves of the latter date in his Chronological 
Index ; and the Annals of Clonmacnoise men- 
tion the erection of the Abbey of Beanchoir 
under the year 561. 



550.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



189 



Chonaill b , and that was the first Buidhe-Chonaill, these saints died, except 
Ciaran and Tighearnach. 

The death of Eochaidh, son of Connlo, King of Ulidia c , from whom are the 
Ui-Eathach-Uladh d . Tighernach. 

The Age of Christ, 550. The twelfth year of Diarmaid. David, son of 
Guaire" Ua Forannain, Bishop of Ard-Macha [Armagh] and Legate of all Ire- 
land, died. 

The Age of Christ, 551. The thirteenth year of Diarmaid. St. Neasan, the 
leper f , died. Feargna, son of Aenghus, King of Ulidia, was slain in the battle 
of Druim-cleithe g , by Deman, son of Caireall, and by the Ui-Eathach- Arda". 

The Age of Christ, 552. The church of Bennchar' was founded by Comh- 
gall of Beannchar. The feast of Teamhaii was made by the King of Ireland, 
Diarmaid, son of Fearghus Ceirbheoil. The killing of Colman Mor", son of 
Diarmaid, in his chariot, by Dubhshlat Ua Treana, [one] of the Cruithni 1 . 



Under this year (552) the Annals of Ulster 
contain a curious notice of the discovery of St. 
Patrick's relics by St. Columbkille. It is given 
as follows in the old English translation : 

" A. D. 552. The reliques of St. Patrick 
brought by Columbkille to" [a] "shrine 60 
yeares after his death. Three precious swearing 
reliques" [cpi minna uaiple] "were found in 
the tombe, viz., the relique Coach, the Angell's 
Gospell, and the bell called Clog uidhechta. 
The angell thus shewed to Columbkille how to 
divide these, viz., the Coach to Down, the bell 
to Armagh, and the Gospell to Columbkille 
himself; and it is called the Gospell of the 
Angell, because Columbkille received it at the 
Angell's hand." 

> The feast of Teamhair " A. D. 567. Cena 
Temra la Diarmait mac Cearbhail." Ann. Ult. 
edit. O'Conor. 

" A. D. 567. The Feast of Tarach by Dermott 
mac Cerbail." Cod. Claren., torn. 49. 

" A. D. 569. Feis Temhra la Diarmait." 
O'Conor's Edit. 

k Colman Mor. He was the second son of 



King Diarmaid, and the ancestor of the Clann- 
Colmain of Meatb. His death is entered twice 
in the Annals of Ulster, first under the year 
554, and again under 557: 

" A. D. 554. Colman Mor mac Diarmata Derg, 
mic Fergusa Cerbeoil, mic Conaill Cremthaine, 
mic Neill Naigiallaig, quern Dubsloit jugulavit." 

" A. D. 557. Jugtdatio Colmain Mor, mic 
Diarmata, quern Dubsloit juguiavit." 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise his death is 
entered under the year 561 : 

"A. D. 561. Colman More, sone of King 
Dermott, was killed in his Coache" [in curru 
suo TighernacK], " by Duffslat O'Treana." 

1 Cruithni : i. e. the inhabitants of Dal- 
Araidhe, who were called Cruithni, i. e. Picts, 
as being descended from Loncada, the daughter 
of Eochaidh Eichbheoil of the Cruithni, or Picts 
of North Britain. See Adamnan's Vita Columbia, 
lib. i. c. 36; O'Flaherty's Ogygia, iii. c. 18; 
Lib. Lee. fol. 194, a ; Ginm ele oo t)al Qpaibe 
.1. Cpuirne. Duald Mac Firbis See also 
Reeves's Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and 
Connor, fyc., p. 337. 



190 



[553. 



Ctoip Cpiopr, cuij ceo caocca a cpi. Q cuij Decc Do Oiapmaicc. Clccfp 
bpeanainn bioppa 05 ool i poch ipin aiep an bliaDain pi. Cluain pfpca Do 
pochujaD la naom bpenamn. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo caoja a cfcaip. Qn peipeao bliaDain Decc Do 
Oiapmaicc. S. Cachub, mac pfpjupa, abb CtchaiD cinn, Decc 6. Qppil. 
Caocca ap ceo bliaDain poD a paojjail. 

peip oe&eanach Ueampa Do 6fnam la Oiapmaicc, pigh Gpeann. 

Cupnan, mac Ctooha, mic Gachach Uiopmcapna, .1. mac pij Connachc Do 
:6 la Oiapmaicc, mac Cfpbaill, cap planaib ~\ comaipje Coluim Cille, 

curious little fable of him, from which, if it be 
not pure fiction, it might be inferred that he 
had a most exquisite ear for music. Fourteen 
years before his death, according to this fable, 
he -was visited, one day after mass and sermon, 
by St. Michael the Archangel, who continued 
to sing heavenly music for him for twenty-four 
hours: after which Brendan could never enjoy, 
and never condescended to listen to any earthly 
music, except one Easter Sunday, when he per- 
mitted a student of his people to play for him 
on his harp. He endured him with difficulty ; 
but, giving him his blessing, he procured two 
balls of wax, which he put into his ears when- 
ever he came within hearing of earthly music, 
and in this manner he shut out all human me- 
lody, (which to him was discord) for nearly 
fourteen years, and admitted the harmonies of 
the angels only. 

Under this year (553) the Annals of Ulster, 
Tighernach, and Clonmacnoise, record the ex- 
istence of a plague called Samhtrusc, which is 
translated " Lepra." 

" A. D. 553. Pestis que vocata est inSamthrosc, 
i. e. Lepra." Ann. Ult. edit. 0' Conor. 

" A. D. 553. Pestis que vocata est Samthrusc 
.i. the Leprosy." Cod. Claren., torn. 49 

" A. D. 551. This year there grew a sickness 
called a Sawthrusc." Ann. Clon. 

Achadh-cinn Colgan thinks that this may 
be Achadh-na-cille, in Dalriada (Trias Thaum., 



m Brenainn ofBirra: i. e. St. Brendan of Birr, 
now Parsonstown. The ascension of St. Bren- 
dan is entered under the year 562, in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, as follows : 

" A. D. 562. The ascension of St. Brandon of 
Birr to the skies, in his chariot or coache." 

" Cluain-fearta : i. e. the Lawn, Meadow, or 
Bog-Island of the Grave, now Clonfert, in the 
barony of Longford, and county of Longford. 
The Annals of Ulster record the erection of the 
church of Cluainferta, under the years 557 and 
564 ; the Annals of Clonmacnoise, under the 
year 562, as follows : 

" A. D. 557 vel 564. Brendinus Ecdesiam in 
Cluainferta fundavit." Ann. Ult. 

"A.D. 562. St. Brandon, Abbot, founded 
the church of Clonfert." Ann. Clon. 

These saints should not be confounded. Bren- 
din of Birr was the son of Neman, of the race of 
Corb olum, son of Fergus, and his festival was 

celebrated on the 29th of November See 

Adamnan's Vita Columbce, lib. iii. c. 3. St. 
Brendan, first Bishop of Clonfert, was the son 
of Finnlogha, of the race of Ciar, son of Fergus, 
and his festival was celebrated on the 16th of 
May. These two saints were contemporaries 
and companions. It is said that Brendan of 
Clonfert sailed for seven years in the western 
ocean, "de cujus septennali navigatione prodi- 
giose feruntur fabulfe." Ussher, Primord., 
p. 955. In O'Clery's Irish Calendar is given a 






553.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



191 



The Age of Christ, 553. The fifteenth year of Diarmaid. Brenainn of 
Birra m was seen ascending in a chariot into the sky this year. Cluain-fearta" 
was founded by St. Brenainn. 

The Age of Christ, 554. The sixteenth year of Diarmaid. St. Cathub, 
son of Fearghus, Abbot of Achadh-cinn , died on the 6th of April. One hun- 
dred and fifty years was the length of his life. 

The last feast of Teamhair p was made by Diarmaid, King of Ireland. 

Curnan", son of Aedh, son of Eochaidh Tirmcharna, i. e. the son of the King 
of Connaught, was put to death by Diarmaid, son of Cearbhall, in violation of 



p. 1 82), now Aughnakilly, a part of the town- 
land of Craigs, in the barony of Kilconway, and 
county of Antrim, and on the road from Aho- 
ghill to Easharkin. See Reeves's Ecclesiastical 
Antiquities of Down and Connor, fyc., p. 89, note 
n , and p. 322. In the Irish Calendar of O'Clery 
the festival of St. Cathub, son of Fearghus, bi- 
shop of Achadh-cinn, is set down at 6th April. 
In the Annals of Ulster, ad ann. 554, he is 
called " Cathal mac Fergusa Episcopus Achid- 
cinn." 

f The last feast of Teamhair. Tighernach 
states that three years after the killing of Colman 
Mor, son of Diarmaid, A. D. 560, the " Cena 
postrema" of Temhair was celebrated by Diar- 
maid mac Cearbaill. 

The feast of Teamhair, by Diarmaid, and the 
death of Gabhran, son of Domhangart, is entered 
twice in the Annals of Ulster, first under the 
year 567, and again under the year 569- 

The royal palace of Teamhair or Tara was 
soon after deserted in consequence of its having 
been cursed by St. Rodanus, of Lothra or Lorha, 
in Lower Ormond, county Tipperary, as stated 
at some length in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 
translated by Mageoghegan ; also in an Irish 
manuscript in the Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, H. 1. 15; and in the Life of St. Roda- 
nus, preserved in the Codex Kilkenniensis, in 
Marsh's Library, Class V. 3, Tab. 1, No. 4, F. ; 
and in the Life of this saint published by the 



Bollandists, at XXV. April See Fetrie's His- 
tory and Antiquities of Tara Hill, pp. 101-103. 
This malediction of Rodanus, with the conse- 
quent desertion of the place as a royal residence, 
is referred to by the ancient scholiast on Fiaeh's 
Hymn in the Life of St. Patrick, preserved in 
the Liber Hymnorurn ; and an ancient Icelandic 
work called the Konungs-Skuggsio, or Royal 
Mirror, states that it had been abandoned and 
utterly destroyed, in revenge of an unjust 
judgment pronounced by a king who had once 
ruled over it. See Johnstone's Antiq. Cetio- 
Scand., p. 287, et seqq.* 

After this desertion of Tara, each monarch 
chose for himself a residence most convenient 
or agreeable, which was usually within their 
own hereditary principalities. Thus the kings 
of the northern Ui-Neill resided chiefly at their 
ancient fortress of Aileach, in the barony of 
Inishowen, near Derry ; and those of the south- 
ern Ui-Neill, first at Dun-Torgeis, near Castle- 
pollard, in Westmeath, and afterwards at Dun- 
na-Sgiath, at the north-western margin of Loch- 
Ainnin or Lough Ennell, near Mullingar. 

q Curnan This is entered in the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise at the year 562. " Cornan mac 
Eahagh Tyrmcarna was killed by King Der- 
mot." See O'Donnell's Vita Columbce, lib. ii. 
c. 2, in Trias Thaum., p. 400, for some curious 
particulars about Curnan's death and the battle 
of Cul-Dreiinhne. 



192 



[555. 



mp na cappamg 50 hainoeonach ap a lamoib, conao 6 pochann carha Cula 
Opeirhne. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cuig ceo caogace a cuig. Qn peaccmaD Oecc Do Oiapmaic. 
Cach Cula Opfimne DO bpipfo pop Oiapmainc, mac Cfpbaill, ta peapjup -] 
la Dorhnall, Da mac TTluipcfpcaij, mic 6apcca, la hCtinmipe, mac Sfona, -] 
la ndmoioh, mac Duach, -\ la hdoD, mac Gachac Uiopmcapna, pi Connachr. 
hi ccionaiD mapbrlia Cupnain, mic Cto6a, mic Gacac Uiopmcapna, pop pao- 
parii Coloim Cille, DO pacpac Clanna Nell an cuaipceipc -| Connachca an 
each pin Cula Opfimne Don pi^, Do Oiapmaic,-] beopimon cclaoinbpeic puce 



r Cul-Dreimhne. This place is in the barony 
of Carbury, to the north of the town of Sligo. 
Colgan has the following note upon this place, 
Trias Thaum., p. 452 : 

" Culdremhni. Est locus hie in regione Car- 
brise in Connacia, non procul a Sligoensi oppido 
versus Aquilonem situs. Historiam hujus prae- 
lii fuse enarrat Ketennus libro 2 de Eegibus Hi- 
berni, in gestis Diermitii Regis. Praslium hoc 
non anno 551, ut scribunt Quatuor Magistri in 
Annalibus, sed anno 561, commissuua fuit, ut 
tradunt Annales Ultonienses, et Usserus de 
Primordiis Ecclesiar. Britann., p. 694." 

' The sentence. A circumstantial account is 
given of this literary larceny of St. Columb- 
kille, in O'Donnell's Life of that Saint, lib. ii. 
c. i. King Diarmaid, after hearing the learned 
arguments of plaintiff and defendant, pro- 
nounced his decision that the copy made by 
Columbkille should belong to Finnen's original, 
in the same way as, among tame and domestic 
animals, the brood belongs to the owner of the 
dam or mother, "partus sequitur ventrem." 

" Cauta utrinque audita Rex, seu partium 
rationes male pensans, seu in alteram privato 
affectu magis propendens, pro Finneno senten- 
tiam pronuntiat, et sententiam ipse Hibernico 
versu abinde in hunc usque diem inter Hibernos 
famoso in hunc modum expressit : Le gach boin 
a boinin, acus le gach leabhar a leabhran, id est, 
Buculus est matris libri suus esto libellus." 



Trias Thaum., p. 409. 

Columbkille, who seems to have been more 
liberal and industrious in circulating the writ- 
ten Scriptures than Finnen, had pleaded before 
the King, that he had not in the slightest de- 
gree injured St. Finnen's manuscript by tran- 
scribing it ; and that Finnen should not for any 
reason oppose the multiplying of the Scriptures 
for the instruction of the people. His words 
are as follows, as translated by Colgan : 

" Fateor," inquit, " librum de quo controver- 
titur, ex Finneni codice exscriptum; sed per 
me meaque industria, labore, vigiliis exscriptus 
est; et ea cautela exscriptus, ut proprius Fin- 
neni liber in nullo factus sit ea exscriptione 
deterior ; eo fine, ut qua? prseclara in alieno 
codice repereram, securius ad meum usum re- 
conderem, et commodius in alios ad Dei gloriam 
derivarem: proinde nee me Finneno injurium, 
nee restitutioni obnoxium, nee culpa? cujus- 
quam in hac parte reum agnosco ; ut qui sine 
cujuspiam damno, multorum consului spiritali 
commodo, quod nemo debuit, aut juste potuit 
impedire." 

Shortly after this King Diarmaid forced Cur- 
nan, the son of the King of Connaught, from 
the arms of Columbkille, to whom he had fled 
for protection, and put him instantly to death. 
Columbkille, exasperated at these insults, said 
to the King : " I will go unto my brethren, the 
Races of Connell and of Eoghan, and I will give 



555.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF UPLAND. 



193 



the guarantee and protection of Colum Cille, having been forcibly torn from 
his hands, which was the cause of the battle of Cul-Dreimhne. 

The Age of Christ, 555; The seventeenth year of Diarmaid. The battle 
of Cul-Dreimhne r was gained against Diarmaid, son of Cearbhall, by Fearghus 
and Domhnall, the two sons of Muircheartach, son of Earca ; by Ainmire, son 
of Sedna ; and by Ainnidh, son of Duach ; and by Aedh, son of Eochaidh Tirm- 
charna, King of Connaught. [It was] in revenge of the killing of Curnan, son 
of Aedh, son of Eochaidh Tirmcharna, [while] under the protection of Colum 
Cille, the Clanna-Neill of the North and the Connaughtmen gave this battle of 
Cul-Dreimhne to King Diarmaid ; and also on account of the false sentence 1 



thee battle in revenge for this unjust judgment 
thou hast given against me respecting the book, 
and in revenge for the killing of the son of the 
King of Connaught, while under my protec- 
tion." Then the King commanded that not one 
of the men of Ireland should convey Columb- 
kille out of the palace, or join him. Columb 
then proceeded to Monasterboice, and remained 
there for one night. In the morning he was 
informed that the King had sent a force to in- 
tercept his passage into Ulster, and take him 
prisoner. Columbkille, therefore, went over a 
solitary part of Sliabh Breagh, and as he passed 
along, he composed the poem beginning " tnai- 
nupan Dam if in pliab," which has been printed 
in the Miscellany of the Irish Archaeological 
Society, pp. 3 to 15. When he arrived in Ulster 
he applied to his relatives, the northern Ui- 
Neill, who entered into his feelings of revenge 
against the Monarch who threatened to overrun 
their territories with fire and sword. They 
mustered their forces, to the number of 3000 
men, and being joined by the Connaughtmen, 
came to a pitched battle with the Monarch at 
Cul-Dreimhne, in the barony of Carbury, in the 
county of Sligo, where the Monarch, who had 
a force of 2300 charioteers, cavalry, and pedes- 
trians, was defeated with terrible slaughter 

See Ussher's Primordia, pp. 902-904, where he 



gives an account of this battle from an unpub- 
lished manuscript of Adamnan's Vita Colunibce. 

After this battle the Monarch and Saint 
Columb made peace, and the copy of the book 
made from St. Finnen's manuscript was left to 
him. This manuscript, which is a copy of the 
Psalter, was ever after known by the name of 
Cathach. It was preserved for ages in the family 
of O'Donnell, and has been deposited in the Mu- 
seum of the Eoy al Irish Academy, by Sir Eichard 
O'Donnell, its present owner. See note b , under 
A. D. 1497, pp. 1232, 1233. 

Mr. Moore states, in his History of Ireland, 
vol. i. p. 243, that " it has been shewn satisfac- 
torily that there are no- grounds for this story ; 
and that though, for some venial and unimpor- 
tant proceedings, an attempt had been made to 
excommunicate him [St. Columbkille] before 
his departure from Ireland, the account of his 
quarrel with the Monarch is but an ill con- 
structed fable, which, from the internal evidence 
of its inconsistencies, falls to pieces of itself." 

The Editor cannot acquiesce in this opinion, 
for, whatever may be the defect of construction 
in the fabulous narrative, it is very clear that 
this special pleading is not sufficient to acquit 
St. Columbkille of the crime of having roused 
his relatives to fight this battle. Adamnan 
refers to it in the seventh chapter of the first 

C 



194 



uioghacnca 



[555. 



Oiapmaic ap Colom Cille im liubap pmoen po pcpiob Colom Cille gan 
parhujab opmoen, Dia noeacpac i peip nOiapmaca, 50 po coiccfpcaib Oiap- 
maic an mbpeich noippbeipc, la ^ach bom a boinin, Tpa. Colam Cille po pdiD, 

a Dm, cia nach Dinsbai an cm, oup mfpmaip mfp a lin, 

Qn cpluag DO boing beacha Dm, 

Sluaj DO ching hi cimcel capn, 

Qp mac ampche no Dap maipn, 

Qpe mo Dpui, nfm epa, mac Oe ap ppim consena. 

dp dlainn pfpup alluaD gobap baooam pep an cplua j, 

PO la baocan puilc buibe, bena a hGpen puippe. 

Ppaochan, mac Uenupain, ap 6 DO pijne mD epbhe nopuaoh Do Oiapmaic. 
Uuachan, mac Dimmam, mic Sapam, mic Copbmaic, mic Gojain, a pe po la 
mo epbe nopuab Dap a cfnD. Upf mile cpa ipeaoh copchaip Do mumnp 
Diapmaoa. Qompeap namct ippeaD copcaip Don Ifir naill, TTlajldim a amm, 
ap ip e po chmj cap an eipbe nopnaD. 



book of his Life of St. Columba ; but as this 
biographer's object was to write a panegyric, 
not an impartial character, of his relative and 
patron, it is very evident that he did not wish 
to dwell upon any particulars respecting the 
causes of this battle. Adamnan, however, ac- 
knowledges (lib. iii. c. 3), that Columba was 
excommunicated by an Irish synod ; and other 
writers of great antiquity, cited by Tighernach, 
and in the Liber Hymnorum, have, with great 
simplicity, handed down to us the real cause of 
Columbkille's departure from Ireland. These 
accounts, it is true, may possibly be fabulous ; 
but it is not fair to assume this on account of 
Adamnan's silence ; and that they are ancient, 
and the written traditions of the country of Tir- 
connell, in which Columbkille was born, is evi- 
dent from the Life compiled by O'Dounellin 1520, 
from manuscripts then so old that (as appears 
from his original manuscript in the Bodleian 
Library) he deemed it necessary to modernize 
the language in which they were written. 

St. Cumian, the oldest writer of Columbkille's 
Life, makes no allusion to the battle of Cuil- 



Dreimhne ; but his work is a panegyric, not a 
biography, of this saint ; and the same may be 
said of Adamnan's production, which is an enu- 
meration of his miracles and visions, and not a 
regular biography; and it is fair to remark, 
that, even if Adamnan had written a regular 
biography, he could not, unless by inadver- 
tence, have mentioned one fact which would, 
in the slightest degree stain the character of 
his hero with any sort of crime. The bards 
and lay writers, on the other hand, who did 
not understand the nature of panegyric, as 
well as Cumian and Adamnan, have represented 
Columbkille as warlike, which they regarded 
as praiseworthy, for it implied that he possessed 
the characteristics of his great ancestors, Niall 
Naighiallach and Conall Gulban ; and these, in 
their rude simplicity, have left us more mate- 
rials for forming a true estimate of his charac- 
ter than are supplied by the more artful de- 
scriptions of his miracles and visions by Cu- 
mian and Adamnan. The latter, in his second 
preface, has the following account of Columb's 
going to Scotland: 



555.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 1Q5 

which Diarmaid passed against Colum Cille about a book of Finnen, which 
Colum had transcribed without the knowledge of Finnen, when they left it to 
award of Diarmaid, who pronounced the celebrated decision, " To every cow 
belongs its calf," &c. Colum Cille said : 

God, wilt thou not drive off the fog, which envelopes our number, 

The host which has deprived us of our livelihood, 

The host which proceeds around the earns* ! 

He is a son of storm who betrays us. 

My Druid, he will not refuse me, is the Son of God, and may he side with me; 

How grandly he bears his course, the steed of Baedan" before the host ; 

Power by Baedan of the yellow hair will be borne from Ireland on him [the steed]. 

Fraechan w , son of Teniusan, was he who made the Erbhe-Druadh for Diar- 
maid. Tuathan, son of Dimman, son of Saran, son of Cormac, son of Eoghan, 
was he who placed the Erbhe Druadh over his head. Three thousand was the 
number that fell of Diarmaid's people. One man only fell on the other side, 
Mag Laim was his name, for it was he that passed beyond the Erbhe Druadh". 

" Sanctus igitur Columba nobilibus fuerat occupatus, ut supra humanam possibilitatem 

oriundus genitalibus" [i. e. genitoribus] : "pa- uniuscuj usque pondus specialis videretur operis. 

trem habens Fedilmitium, filium Ferguso ; Et inter hsee omnibus charus, hilarem semper 

Matrem vero Ethneam nomine, cujus pater faciem ostendens sanctam Spiritus sancti gaudio 

latine Filius Navis dici potest, Scotica vero intimis laetificabatur pra3cordiis."-Tna*2 1 AaK., 

lingua Mac Nave. Hie anno secundo post p. 337. 

Cul-Drebtince bellum, aetatis vero suse xlii. de ' Around the earns This seems to suggest 

Scotia ad Britanniam, pro Christo peregrinari that the monarch's people were pagans. 

volens, enavigavit ; qui et a puero, Christiano " Baedan He was the third son of the Mo- 

deditus tyrocinio, et sapientia; studiis inte- narch, Muircheartach Mor Mac Earca, and 

gritatem corporis et animse puritatem, Deo became Monarch of Ireland jointly with his 

donante, custodiens, quamvis in terra positus, nephew, Eochaidh, in the year 566. 
ccelestibus se aptum moribus ostendebat. Erat w Fraechan. In the account of this battle, 

enim aspectu Angelicus, sermone nitidus, opere preserved in the Leabhar-Buidhe of the Mac 

sanctus, ingenio optimus, consilio magnus, per Firbises of Lecan, in the Library of Trinity 

annos xxxiv., insulanus miles conversatus. College, Dublin, H. 2. 16, p. 873, Fraechan, 

Nullum etiam unius horee intervallum tran- son of Tenisan, is called the Druid of King 

sire poterat, quo non aut orationi, aut lectioni, Diarmaid, and the person who- made the Airbhi 

vel scriptioni, vel etiam alicui operationi jeju- Druadh, or druidical charm [aipbe .1. amm 

nationum quoque et vigiliarum indefessis labo- aipbe O'Clery] between the two armies, 

ribus sine ulla intennissione die noctuque ita * That passed beyond the Erbhe Druadh In 

2 c2 



196 



[556. 



Qoip Cpiopc, 0(115 ceo caogac a p 6. Q hochc oecc Do Oiapmairc. Cac 
Chuile huinnpenn i cCeacba, pop Oiapmaicc, pia nQooli, mac mbpeanainn, 
caoipioc Ueacba, -\ po meabaio pop Oiapmaic a hionao an lomaipecc. 

Goip Cpiopr, cuig ceo caogac a peachc. Cf naoi oecc oo Oiapmaic. 
8. becc mac Oe, paioh oippDepc, Oecc. Colom Cille DO Dol mD Qlbain 50 
po pochaib mpurh ecclup, -] ap uaoh ainmnijcep. 8. Gooh O piachpach 



O'Donnell's Life of St. Columbkille, as trans- 
lated by Colgan, it is stated that only one man 
of Columbkille's people fell in this battle, who 
had passed beyond the prescribed limits, " qui 
prefixes pugnse limites temere transiliit." But 
this is intentionally suppressing the reference to 
theAirbhe Druadh, because Colgan did not wish 
to acknowledge the existence of Druidism in 
Ireland, so long after the arrival of St. Patrick. 
Dr. O'Conor, on the other hand, mistranslates 
this passage, obviously with a view to shew that 
Diarmaid had many Druids at the time; but 
O'Conor's knowledge of the language of these 
Annals was so imperfect that he is scarcely 
worthy of serious criticism. His translation 
of the above passage is as follows : 

" Fraochanus filius Tenussani fuit qui per- 
suasit expulsionem Druidum Regi Diarmitio. 
Tuathanus filius Dimmani, filii Sarani, filii Cor- 
maci, filii Eogani, fuit qui admonuit expulsio- 
nem Druidum postea. Tria millia circiter fuere 
qui occisi sunt de gente Diarmitii. Unus solus 
occisus est ex altera parte, Maglamuis ejus 
nomen. Nam is fuit qui impedivit quin expel- 
lerentur Druidse." pp. 161, 162. 

The absolute incorrectness of this translation 
will be seen at a glance by any one who is 
acquainted with the meaning of the Irish noun, 
eipbe, or aipbe, carmen, and of the verb, po 
chmj, transiliit. It will be observed that the 
Christian writer gives the Airbhe Druadh its 
own magical power (i. e. a power derived from 
the Devil); for though Columbkille's prayers 
were able to preserve his forces while they 



remained within their own limits, the indivi- 
dual who passed beyond the consecrated limits 
described by the saint, into the vortex of the 
magical circle of the Druid, immediately lost 
his life. 

J Cuil- Uinnsenn : i. e. the Corner or Angle of 
the Ash Trees. The Editor has not been able 
to find any name like this in Teffia. Aedh, chief 
of Teffia, is mentioned in the Life of St. Berach, 
published by Colgan, Ada SS., p. 342, c. 14, 
and in note 20, p. 347, in which Colgan is 
wrong in making Teffia the same as the county 
Longford. According to Mageoghegan's Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, this Aedh or " Hugh mac Bre- 
nan, king of Teaffa, gave St. Columbkille the 
place where the church of Dorowe" [Durrow] 
" stands." 

z Bee, son of De : i. e. Bee, son of Deaghaidh 
or Dagaeus. Colgan translates this entry : 
" A. D. 557. S. Beccus cognomento Mac De 
Celebris propheta, obiit." Ada SS., p. 192. 
The death of this saint is entered twice in the 
Annals of Ulster; first under the year 552, and 
again under 557. The following notice of him 
is given in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at the 
year 550 : 

" A. D. 550. The prophet, Beg mac De, began 
his prophesies. He prophesied that Lords would 
lose their chiefries and seigniories, and that men 
of little estates and lands would lose their lands, 
because they should be thought little ; and lastly, 
that there should come great mortality of men, 
which would begin in Ffanaid, in Ulster, called 
the Swippe of Fanaid (Scuub Panaio)." 



556.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



197 



The Age of Christ, 556. The eighteenth year of Diarmaid. The battle 
of Cuil-Uinnsenn y , in Teathbha, [was fought] against Diarmaid, by Aedh, son 
of Breanainn, chief of Teathbha ; and Diarmaid was routed from the field of 
battle. 

The Age of Christ, 557. The nineteenth year of Diarmaid. St. Bee, son 
of De z , a celebrated prophet, died. Colum Cille went to Scotland, where he 
afterwards founded a church, which was named from him". St. Aedhan 



Named from him. This was I-Columbkille 
or lona. St. Columbkille, after he had excited 
his relatives to fight the king at Cul-Dreimhne, 
in 560, was excommunicated by a synod of 
the Irish clergy (as Adamnan inadvertently 
acknowledges, to introduce an angelic vision, 
in lib. iii. c. 3) ; after which he appears to have 
been in bad odour with the Irish clergy till 562, 
when the Annals record the " Na.vigai.io S. Co- 
lumbce de Hibernia ad insulam Ice, anno etatis 
sue xlii." His success in converting the Picts, 
however, shed round him a lustre and a glory 
which dispelled the dark clouds which had 
previously obscured his fame as a saint ; and 
his own relatives, Cumian and Adamnan, bla- 
zoned his virtues so ably, after the fashion of 
their age, that they established his sanctity in 
despite of all the aspersions of his rivals and 
enemies. From all the accounts handed down 
to us of this remarkable man, it would appear 
that he was a most zealous and efficient preacher 
of Christian morality, and an industrious tran- 
scriber of the Four Gospels, and of portions of 
the Old Testament. Venerable Bede gives a 
brief sketch of his history, in his Ecclesias- 
tical History, lib. iii. c. 4 (Giles's translation, 
p. 112), and observes that "some writings. of 
his life and discourses are said to be preserved 
by his disciples." " But," adds this most cau- 
tious writer, who evidently had heard some 
stories about Columba's conduct in Ireland, 
" whatsoever he was himself, this we know for 
certain, that he left successors renowned for 



their continency, their love of God, and ob- 
servance of monastic rules. It is true they 
followed uncertain rules in their observance 
of the great festival, as having none to bring 
them the synodal decrees for the observance of 
Easter, by reason of their being so far away 
from the rest of the world ; wherefore, they 
only practised such works of piety and chastity 
as they could learn from the prophetical, evan- 
gelical, and apostolical writings. This manner 
of keeping Easter continued among them for 
the space of 150 yekrs, till the year of our 
Lord's incarnation, 715." 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise the translator, 
Connell Mageoghegan, has inserted the following 
curious observation on the belief then in Ireland 
respecting the peculiar property of St. Columb- 
kille's manuscripts, in resisting the influence of 
water : 

" He wrote 300 books with his own hand. 
They were all new Testaments; left a book to 
each of his churches in the kingdom, which 
books have a strange property, which is, that if 
they, or any of them, had sunk to the bottom 
of the deepest waters, they would not lose one 
letter, or sign, or character of them, which I 
have seen tried, partly, myself of [on] that 
book of them which is at Dorowe, in the King's 
county ; for I saw the ignorant man that had the 
same in his custodie, when sickness came on cat- 
tle, for their remedy, put water on the book and 
suffer it to rest therein ; and saw also cattle re- 
turn thereby to their former state, and the book 



198 



[557. 



065. Cach mono Ooipe lochaip pop Cpuichniu pia nUib Nell an ruapceipr, 
.1. pia cCenel cConaill-] Goghain, on i ccopcpaoap peachc ccaoipij Cpuic- 
nfch im Ctooli mbpfcc,-] ap oon cup pom DO pocaip oopioipi na Lee ; -] Capn 
oo clcmooib Nell an cuaipceipc. Ceannpaolab po paioh int>po 

Sinpic paebpa, pinpic pip, in TTioin mop Doipe lochaip, 

Gobaip componna nac cfpc, peace pijh Cpuichne im Qo6 mbpfcc. 

piccip each Cpuicne nuile, acup poploipccep 6lne, 

pichcip each ^abpa Lippe, acup each Guile Opeirhne. 



to receive no loss." Superstitions of this kind 
have probably been the destruction of many of 
our ancient books. 

11 St. Aedhan 0' Fiachrach. " A. D. 569 al. 
562. Aedan Ua Fiachrach obiit." Ann. Ult. 

' Moin-Doire-lothair Adamnan calls this the 
battle of Moin-mor, as does Ceannfaeladh in the 
verses here quoted by the Four Masters. Dr. 
O'Conor places the field of this battlein Scotland, 
in his edition of the Annals of Ulster, p. 23, 
n. 2, but by a mere oversight, for he seems to 
have been well aware that, by Scotia, Adamnan 
always meant Ireland. Colgan places it " in 
finibus Aquilonaris Hiberniffi." Trias Thaum., 
p. 374. The Rev. Mr. Reeves thinks that both 
names are still preserved in Moneymore, a town 
in the county of Londonderry, and Uerryloran, 
the parish in which it is situated. See his 
Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and Connor, fyc., 
p. 339- This, however, may admit of doubt, 
as the former is called in Irish Muine-mor, i. e. 
the Great Hill or Shrubbery, and the latter Doire- 
Lorain, i. e. Loran's Oak Wood. 

Adamnan's reference to this battle is as fol- 
lows : " Post bellum Cul Drebene, sicuti nobis 
traditum est, duobus transactis annis (quo tern- 
pore vir beatus de Scotia peregrinaturus primi- 
tus enavigavit) quadam die, hoc est, eadem hora, 
qua in Scotia commissum est bellum quod Scotice 
dicitur Mona-moire, idem homo Dei coram Co- 
nallo Rege, filio Comgill in Britannia conver- 



satus, per omnia enarravit, tarn de bello, quo- 
rum propria vocabula Ainmerius filius Setni, 
et duo filii Maic Erce, Donallus et Fergus. Sed 
et de Rege Cruithniorum, qui Echodius Laib 
vocabatur quemadmodum victus currui inse- 
dens, evaserit; similiter sanctus prophetizavit." 
Vit. Columbce, lib. i. c. 7 ; Trias Thaum., p. 340. 
d Cruithnigh. These were the inhabitants of 
Dalaradia, who were called Cruithnigh or Picts, 
as being descended from a Pictish mother. Col- 
gan translates this passage as follows in his Ada 
Sanctorum, p. 374, not. 39, on the first book of 
Adamnan's Vita Columbce: -> 

" A. D. 557. Sanctus ColumbaKilleprofectus 
est in Albanian! (id est Scotiam Albiensem) ubi 
postea extruxit Ecclesiam Hiensem. Sanctus 
Aidanus Hua Fiachrach obiit. Pra:lium de 
Moin-mor juxta Doire-Lothair contra Cruthe- 
nos (id est Pictos) commissum est per Nepotes 
Neill Septentrionales, id est, per Kinel-Conaill 
(hoc est, stirpem Conajli), Duce Anmirio filio 
Sednse, et Kinel-Eoguin(id est, stirpem Eugenii) 
Ducibus Donmaldo, et Fergussio, et filiis Mur- 
chertachi, filii Ercse. In eo prselio occubuerunt 
septern principes Crutheniorum (id est Picto- 
rum) cum Aido Breco eorum Rege." 

He remarks on this passage : " Habemus ergo 
ex his Annalibus proelium illud commissum esse 
eodem anno, quo sanctus Columba in Albanian!, 
seu Britanniam venit, ut refert Sanctus Adam- 
nanus in hoc capite, licet male annum 557 pro 






557.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



199 



O'Fiachrach b died. The battle of Moin-Doire-lothair [was gained] over 
the Cruithnigh d , by the Ui-Neill of the North, i. e. by the Cinel-Conaill and 
Cinel-Eoghain, wherein fell seven chieftains of the Cruithnigh, together with 
Aedh Breac ; and it was on this occasion that the Lee e and Carn-Eolairg f 
were forfeited to the Clanna-Neill of the North. Ceannfaeladh composed the 
following : 

Sharp weapons were strewn, men were strewn, in TVEoin-mor-Doire-lothair, 
Because of a partition* not just; the seven kings of the Cruithni, with Aedh 

Breac, [were in the slaughter]. 

The battle of all the Cruithne h was fought, and Elne' was burned. 
The battle of Gabhra-Liffe was fought, and the battle of Cul-Dreimhne. 



563 posuerint." This battle is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster under the years 561 and 
562, thus in the old translation, Cod. Clarend., 
torn. 49 : 

" A. D. 561, The battle of Moin-Doire." 

" A. D. 562. The battle of Moin-Doire-Lo- 
thair, upon the Cruhens by the Nells of the 
North. Baedan mac Cin, with two of the Cru- 
hens, fought it against the rest of the Cruhens. 
The cattle and booty of the Eolargs" [rectc the 
Lee and Ard Eolairg] " were given to them of 
Tirconnell and Tirowen, conductors, for their 
leading, as wages." 

* The Lee: i. e. the territory of Fir-Lii or 
Magh-Lii, in the barony of Coleraine, county of 
Londonderry. 

' Cam- Eolairg See note % under the year 
478, battle of Ocha, supra, p. 151. This place 
is mentioned by Tirechan, as near Lee Bendrigi. 
Colgan, in his notes on O'Donnell's Life of Co- 
lumbkille, mentions Carraig Eolairg, as a place 
in the diocese of Derry, " ad marginem Eurypi 
Fevolii. Trias Thaum., p. 450, n. 49. 

e A partition This seems to indicate that 
the battle was fought in consequence of a dis- 
pute about the partition of lands; but the 
Editor has never met any detailed account of 
this battle, or its causes. According to the 



Annals of Ulster it was fought between the 
Cruitheni themselves, the race of Niall assist- 
ing one party of them for hire. 

h The battle of all the Cruithni : i. e. the battle 
in which all the Irish Cruitheni or Dalaradians 
fought. 

'Elne. Dr. O'Conor translates this " pro- 
fani," but nothing is more certain than that it 
was the name of a plain situated between the 
River Bann and the River Bush, in the north- 
west of the present county of Antrim. The Bann, 
i. e. the Lower Bann, is described in a very an- 
cient poem, quoted by Dr. O'Conor, in his Prole- 
gomena ad Annales, ii. p. 57, as flowing between 
the plains of Lee and Eile or Eilne ; and Tire- 
chan, in describing St. Patrick's journey east- 
wards from Ard-Eolairg and Aileach, near 
Derry, writes as follows : 

" Et exiit in Ard-Eolairg, et Ailgi, et Lee 
Bendrigi, et perrexit trans flumen Handle, et 
benedixit locum in quo est cellola Guile Kaithin 
in Eilniu, in quo fuit Episcopus, et fecit alias 
cellas multas in Eilniu. Et per Buaa nuvium" 
[the Bush] " foramen pertulit, et in Duin 
Sebuirgi" [Dunseverick] " sedit super petram, 
quam Petra Patricii usque nunc, &c." 

Adamnan, speaking, in the fiftieth chapter of 
the first book of his Vita Columbcq, of that saint's 



200 



[558. 



beppar jialla lap ccon^al, ap p lap im cnuap nuach 

, Oomnall, Qinmipe, acup nGinoib, mac Ouacli. 
oa mac mic Gapcca, ap cfrio an cacha ceona, 

Gcup an pf Ginmipe pilbp i pealbaib Searna. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuij ceo caoccarc a hochc. lap mbfich piche bliabain op 
Gpinni pijjhe Do Diapmairc, mac pfp^upaCeppbeoil, DO ceap la hGob nOub, 
mac Suibne, pi Dal nGpaibe, 05 T?aieh bice, hi TTloij Line. Uuccab a cfno 
50 Cluain mic Noip, 50 po habnachr innce, -\ po habnacc a colann hi 
cComoepe. 

1p in mbliabainpi po gabab an muipgelc .1. Ciban injean Gachach, mic 



reception at Coleraine, also mentions this plain 
in the following words : " Eodem in tempore 
Conallus Episcopus Culerathin, collectis a populo 
campi Eilni poene innumerabilibus xeniis, &c." 
Trias Thaum., p. 350. It should be here re- 
marked that Colgan errs in placing this terri- 
tory on the west side of the River Bann, which 
he does in his note on this passage in Adamnan, 
as follows : " Campus Elne priscis Magh Elne 
videtur regio amcena et campestris, ex adversa 
Bannei fluminis ripa, Culratheniaa Civitati ad- 
jacens versus Occidentem, qua hodie vulgo Ma- 
chaire, id est, planities vocatur." Trias Thaum., 
p. '381, n. 106. 

That this opinion of Colgan is erroneous is 
clear from the passage above quoted from Tire- 
chan, which places Eilniu on the east side of 
the River Bann, and between it and the Bush. 
It must, however, be confessed that the people 
called Fir-Lii, or Lee, who were seated on the 
west side of the River Bann in St. Patrick's time, 
were driven from thence before the twelfth 
century by the Kinel-Owen, and that this is 
what led Colgan astray. But he should have 
known that the church of Achadh Dubhthaigh, 
now called Aghadowey, which all the martyro- 
logies place in the plain of Magh-Lii, and which 
retained its name in his own time, is on the west 
side of the Baen. 



k Aedh Dubh Adamnan mentions this fact, 

and calls the slayer of the King : " Aidum cog- 
nomento Nigrum, regio genere ortum, Cruthi- 
nfum gente, &c. qui et Diermitium filium Cer- 
buill totius Scotiffi Regnatorem Deo auctore 
ordinatum, interfecerat." Lib. i. c. 36 ; Trias 
Thaum,, p. 346. See note on this Aedh Dubh, 
under the year 592. 

The death of King Diarmaid is entered under 
the year 564, in the Annals of Ulster, as fol- 
lows : 

" A. D. 564. Occisio Diarmato mic Cearbhuill 
mac h-Aed Dubh la Suibhne." 

But by Tighernach under 565, which is the 
true year : 

"A. D. 565. Diapmmo mac Cepbaill oc- 
cipup eye hi pKair 6ic a Hluij^me la h-Geo 
nOuB mac SuiBne Qpaibe, pi Ulao. 

" A. D. 565. Diarmaid mac Cerbhaill was 
slain at Rath-bee in Magh- Line, by Aedh Dubh, 
son of Suibhne Araidhe, King of Ulidia." 

1 Rath-bee, in Magh-Line : L e. the Small Fort 
in Moylinny, now Rathbeg, a townland in the 
parish of Donegore, adjoining the parish of 

Antrim, in the county of Antrim See Reeves's 

Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and Connor, 
&c., p. 278. It adjoins another townland of 
great celebrity in Irish history, now called 
Rathmore, i. e. the Great Fort, anciently Rath- 



553.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



201 



They bore away hostages after conflict, thence westwards towards Cnuas-Nuach, 

Fearghus, Domhnall, Ainmire, and Nainnidh, son of Duach. 

The two sons of Mac Earca returned to the same battle, 

And the king, Ainmire, returned into the possessions of [his father] Seadna. 

The Age of Christ, 558. After Diarmaid, the son of Fearghus Cerrbheoil, 
had been twenty years in sovereignty over Ireland, he was slain by Aedh Dubh k , 
son of Suibhne, King of Dal-Araidhe, at Rath-beag, in Magh-Line 1 . His head 
was brought to Cluain-mic-Nois m , and interred there, and his body was interred 
at Connor. 

In this year was taken the Mermaid, i. e. Liban, the daughter of Eochaidh", 



mor-Maighe-Line. 

m Cluain-mic-Nois. It is stated in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, in which this battle is recorded 
under the yedr 569, that the King had requested 
before he expired that his head should be in- 
terred at Clonmacnoise, the monastery of his 
friend, St. Kieran. His body -was buried at 
Connor, near the place where he was killed. 
He left three distinguished sons: 1. Aedh- 
Slaine, ancestor of nine monarchs of Ireland; 2. 
Colman Mor, the ancestor of the Clann-Colman, 
of whom there were seven monarchs; and 3. Col- 
man Beag. 

n Liban, the daughter ofEochaidh. This Liban 
is set down in the Irish Calendar of O'Clery, at 
18th December, as a saint. Her capture as a 
mermaid is set down in the Annals of Ulster 
under the year 571: "Hie anno capta est in 
Muirgheilt." 

According to a wild legend in Leabhar-na- 
hUidhri, this Liban was the daughter* of Eoch- 
aidh, from whom Loch Eathach, or Lough 
Neagh, was named, and who was drowned in 
its eruption [A. D. 90], together with all his 
children, except his daughter, Liban, and his 
sons, Conaing and Curnan. The lady, Liban, 
was preserved from the waters of Lough Neagh 
for a full year, in her grianan, or boudoir, 
under the lake. After this, at her own desire, 



she was changed into a salmon, and continued 
to traverse the seas till the time of St. Comh- 
gall of Bangor. It happened that St. Comhgall 
despatched Beoan, son of Innli, of Teach-Debeog, 
to Rome, on a message to Pope Gregory 
[Pope, A. D. 599-604] to receive order and 
rule. When the crew of Beoan's currach were 
at sea, they heard the celebration of angels be- 
neath the boat. Liban, thereupon, addressed 
them, and stated that she had been 300 years 
under the sea, adding that she would proceed 
westward and meet Beoan, that day twelve 
months, at Inbher-OUarbha[Larne], whither the 
saints of Dalaradia, with Comhgall, were to re- 
sort. Beoan, on his return, related what had 
occurred, and, at the stated time, the nets were 
set, and Liban was caught in the net of Fergus 
of Miliuc, upon which she was brought to land, 
and crowds came to witness the sight, among 
whom was the chief of Ui-Conaing. The right 
to her being disputed by Comhgall, in whose ter- 
ritory, and Fergus, in whose net, and Beoan, 
in promise to whom, she was taken, they 
prayed for a heavenly decision ; and next day two 
wild oxen came down from Carn-Airend; and, on 
their being yoked to the chariot, on which she 
was placed, they bore her to Teach-Dabeoc, 
where she was baptized by Comhgall, with the 
name Muirgen, i. e. born of the sea, or MuirgeiU, 
D 



202 awwaca Rio^hachca eiReanH. [559. 

% 

TTluipfoha, pop cpachc Ollapba, hi Un beoain, mic Inli, mpcaipe Comjaill 
bfnochaip. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuicc ceo caoccac anaoi. Qn ceo bliabain Do Da mac 
muipcfpcaich, mic TTluipeaDhais, i pijhe nGpeann .1. Oomnall i peapgup. 
Cach ^abpa Lippe,i each Oumha Qichip, pianOomnall-) pia bpfpgup, pop 
Laijmb, Dia nebpan. 

Car J5 a b'pa, 1 each Ourha Qcaip, 
Qcbach ampa i ccfchcaip, Colju acup a acaip. 
Cach ^abpa, ni each ouine na of cec 
Qcbach piche 6 paolan, 6 Ctilell piche picec. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo peapccac. Qn Dapa bliabain DO Oorhnall -| 
opeapgup. Dairiim Oaimhaipjjic, .1. Coipppe, Decc. Qp uaDapi6e na hQip- 
51 alia. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo peapccac, a haon. lap mbeic cpf blia6na i pije 
nGpeann DO Ooriinall ") opeapgup, Da mac Tlluipcfpcaij, mic TTluipeaboij 
mic Gojain, mic Nell, po eccpac apaon. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cfiij ceD peapccac a Do. Qn ceiD bliabain DGochaiD, mac 
Oomnaill, mic TTiuipcfpcaij, i Do baooan, mac TTlhuipceapcaich, mic TTluip- 
eaDaigh, i pijhe nGpeann. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cui5 ceo peapcac acpf. S. TTiolaipi, abb Daiminnpi, Decc 
an Dapa la Decc Do Sepcembep. lap mbeich Da blia&am i pighe nGpeann 

i. e. traverser of the sea. Another name for her et Domhnall Victores." Ann. Ult. 

was Fuinchi. See Eeeves's Antiquities of Down "A. D. 572. Vel hoc Bellum Gabhra Liphi 

and Connor, fyc., pp. 377, 378. for Laighnin." Ann. Ult. 

" Ollarbha. Now called the Larne, or Inver " A. D. 569. The battle of Gawra-Liffe was 

River, which rises about four miles south-west given by the Lynstermen, where Fergus and 

of the town of Larne, in the county of Antrim. King Donall were victors." Ann. Glon. 

See note d , under A. D. 285, p. 121, supra. q Dumha-Aichir See note ', under the year 

p Gabhra-Liffe. This was situated somewhere 464, p. 146, supra. 

on the River Liffey, but nothing has been yet ' Daimhin Damhairgil : i. e. the Little Silver 

discovered to determine its exact position. In Ox. In the Life of St. Maidoc he is called 

the Annals of Ulster this battle is entered under " Latine Bos et Hibernice Dearth seu Daimhin.'''' 

the year 565, and again under 572, and in the He is the ancestor of the Mac Mahons of Oirghi- 

Annals of Clonmacnoise at 569 : alia, but not of all the septs of the Oirghialla. 

"A. D. 565. Bellum Gabhre-Liphi. Fergus See Shirley's Account of the Territory or Domi- 



559.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 203 

son of Muireadh, on the strand of Ollarbha , in the net of Beoan, son of Inli, 
the fisherman of Comhgall of Beannchair. 

The Age of Christ, -559. The first year of the two sons of Muircheartach, 
son of Muireadhach, in the kingdom of Ireland, i. e. Domhnall and Fearghus. 
The battle of Gabhra-Liffe p , and the battle of Dumha-Aichir q , by Domhnall 
and Fearghus, against the Leinstermen, of which was said : 

The battle of Gabhra and the battle of Dumha-Achair, 

Illustrious men fell in both, Colgu and his father. 

The battle of Gabhra was not a battle [with the loss] of a man or two hundred ; 

There fell twenty from Faelan, from Ailill twenty times twenty. 

The Age of Christ, 560. The second year of Domhnall and Fearghus. 
Daimhin Damhairgit 1 , i. e. Cairbre, died. From him are the Airghialla. 

The Age of Christ, 561. After Domhnall and Fearghus 8 , the two sons of 
Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, son of Eoghan, son of Niall, had been three 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, they both died. 

The Age of Christ, 562. The first year of Eochaidh, son of Domhnall, son 
of Muircheartach, and of Baedan, son of Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, in 
the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 563. St. Molaisi, Abbot of Daimhinis*, died on the 
twelfth of September. After Eochaidh and Baedan had been two years in 

mow of Farney, p. 148 ; and Colgan's Trias Life of St. Aedan, quoted by Ussher (Primord,, 

Thaum., p. 381, n. 6. p. 962), the name of this island is translated 

'Domhnall and Fearghus The death of Bovis insula, and Bovium insula in a Life of St. 

Domhnall is entered twice in the Annals of Aedus. St. Molaise, or Laissren, the patron of 

Ulster, first at the year 565, and again at 572, this island, was the son of Nadfraech, and is to 

but they contain no notice of the death of be distinguished from Molaise, or Laisren, of 

Fearghus : Leighlin, who was son of Cairell. The Life of 

"A. D. 565. -JforsDomhnaill^zYMuirchear- St. Aedan has the following notice of the 

taig ic Erca, cui successit Ainmire mac Sedna." former : 

" A. D. 572. Vel hie Bas Domhnaill ic Muir- " Beatissimus Lasreanus ad aquilonalem par- 

cheartaig, ic Erca, cui successit Ainmire mac tern Hibernise exivit, et construxit clarissimum 

Setnai." monasterium in Stagno Herne nomine Daimh- 

* Daimhinis : i. e. Ox-island, now Devenish, inis, quod sonat Latine Bovis insula." 
an island in Lough Erne, near the town of And the Life of St. Aedus : " Eegebat plures 

Enniskillen, in the county of Fermanagh. In a monachos in insula posita in Stagno Erne, 

2 D 2 



204 aNNaca Rio^nacnca eiraeciNN. [564. 

oGochaiDi Do baooan, copcpaoap la Cponan, coipeac Ciannachca ^ 



Goip Cpiopc, cuig ceo pfpccac a cfcaip. Qn ceo bliabam DO Ginmipe, 
mac Seona, mic pfpgupa Cfnopooa, hi pijhe nGpeann. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuij ceo peapccac a cuig. Qn oapa bliaOam oCtinmipe. 
Oeman, mac Caipill, picch Ulaoh, mic TTluipeaDoigh TTlumDeipcc, Do mapbao 
la bachlachaib boipne. TTlupcoblach la Colman mbecc, mac Oiapmaca 
mic pfpjupa Ceppbeoil, -\ la Conall, mac Comgaill, coipeac Oal RiaOa hi 
Soil, i i nlle; co ccapopac eoala lomoa eipcib. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo peapccac a ye. lap mbeich rpi bliaona hi pije 
nGpeann DQinmipe, mac Seona, copcaip la pfpjup, mac Nelline, Dia nebpao. 

peimin an can pom boi pi, nip bo mfnnac nach oeclai, 
Inoiu ap poipDep55 a If, la hQinmipe, mac Seacnai. 

Qoif Cpiopc, cuij ceD peapccac a peachc. lap mbeich aon bliaDam hi 
pijhe nGpeann DO baooan, mac Nmoeaoha, mic pfpgupa CfnDpooa, DO ceap 
oc tern inn ech, i noebaib, lap an oa Comaome .1. Comaoine, mac Col main 



quam Scoti nominant Daimhinis, i. e. Bovium 
insulam." 

The death of this saint is entered twice in 
the Annals of Ulster, first under the year 563 
(XT. com. 564), and again under 570. 

u Cianachta- Glinne- Geimhin : i. e. the Race of 
Cian of Gleann-Geimhin, which was the name 
of the vale of the River Roe, near Dungiven, in 
the county of Londonderry. The territory of 
this tribe is now called the barony of Keenaght. 
See note , under A. D. 1197, p. 107. The 
death of these joint monarchs is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster under the year 571, thus: 

"A. D. 571. Occisio da Ua Muirethaig .i. 
Baetan . mac Muircheartaigh et Eochaidh mac 
Domhnaill mic Muircheartaig mic Erca, tertio 
anno regni sui. Cronan mac Tighernaig, ri Cian- 
nachtse Glenna Gevin occisisor eorurn erat. 

"A. D. 571. The killing of the two de- 
scendants of Muireadhach, i. e. Baedan, son of 
Muircheartach, and Eochaidh, son of Domhnall, 



son of Muircheartach^ Mac Erca, in the third 
year of their" [joint] " reign. Cronan, son of 
Tighearnach, King of Cianachta of Gleann- 
Geimhin, was their slayer." 

"Ainmire. O'Flaherty says that he succeeded 
in the year 568. 

1 Deman, son of Cairell. "A. D. 571. Mors 
Demain mic Cairill." Ann. Ult. 

y Boirenn: i. e. a rocky District. " &otpeano 
.1. bopp-onn .1. cloc mop." MS. T. C. D., H. 2. 
15, p. 180. There are two townlands of this 
name in the county of Down, one in the'parish 
of Dromara, and the other in that of Cluain- 
Dallain, or Clonallon. The latter is probably 
the place here alluded to. 

* Sol. This island, which is now called Col, is 
styled Colossa by Adamnan in his Vit. Columb., 
lib. i. c. 41, and lib. ii. c. 22. 

" lie.' Now Ila, or Islay. It is called Ilea 
by Adamnan, lib. ii. c. 23, Trias Thaum., p. 355. 
This expedition is noticed in the Annals of 









564.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



205 



the sovereignty of Ireland, they were slain by Cronan, chief of Cianachta- 
Glinne-Gemhin". 

The Age of Christ, 564. The first year of Ainmire w , son of Sedna, son of 
Fearghus Ceannfhoda, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 565. The second year of Ainmire. Deman, son of 
Cairell*, King of Ulidia, son of Muireadhach Muindearg, was killed by the 
shepherds of Boirenn y . A sea fleet [was brought] by Colman Beg, son of 
Diarmaid, son of Fearghus Cerrbheoil, and by Conall, son of Comhgall, chief 
of Dal-Riada, to Sol z and lie*, and they carried off many spoils from them. 

The Age of Christ, 566. After Ainmire, son of Sedna b , was three years in 
the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Fearghus, son of Nellin, of which 

was said : 



Feimhin, while he was king c , was not a place without bravery, 

To-day dark-red its aspect, [being set on fire] by Ainmire, son of Seadna. 

The Age of Christ, 567. After Baedan, son of Ninnidh, son of Fearghus 
Ceannfhoda, had been one year in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain at 
Leim-an-eich d , in a battle, by the two Comains ; i. e. Comain, son of Colman Beg, 



Ulster under the year 567, thus: 

" Feacht i nlardomhain la Colman mBecc, 
mac Diarmato, agus Conall mac Comgaill, i. e. 
an expedition into lardomhan" [the Western 
Isles] " by Colman Beg, son of Diarmaid, and 
by Conall, son of ComgalL" 

b Ainmire, son of Sedna. The death of this 
monarch is entered twice in the Annals of 
Ulster, first under 568, which is the true year, 
and again under 575, which is clearly a mistake. 
In the Annals of Clonmacnoise it is entered 
under 569, as follows : 

" A. D. 569- Ainmire mac Setna, joynt King, 
was slain by Fergus mac Nellyne, which Fergus 
was soon after slain by Hugh mac Ainmireagh." 
Adamnan calls him " Ainmerius filius Setni" 
in lib. i. c. 7 ; and in lib. iii. c. 5, he writes the 
name very correctly Ainmirech, in the genitive 
form. In the Life of Gildas, published by the 
Bollandists, p. 954, he is called Ainmericus : 



" Eo tempore regnabat Ainmericus Rex per 
totam Hiberniam, qui et ipse misit ad B. Gildam, 
rogans ut ad se veniret." 

c While he was king. This is evidently quoted 
from a poem on one of the kings of Munster 
(probably Crimhthann Siebh), after whose death 
Magh-Feimhean was laid waste with fire and 
sword by the monarch Ainmire, son of Sedna. 

* Leim-an-eich: i. e. the Horse-leap. There are 
several places of this name in Ireland. Tliut 
here referred to may be the place now called 
Leim-an-eich-ruaidh, anglice Lenmaroy, near 
Maghera, in the county of Londonderry. O' Fla- 
herty places the accession of " Bcetanus filius 
Ninnedii" in 571, and that of " Aidus Anmirei 

films" in 572 Ogyyia, iii. c. 93. In the Annals 

of Ulster his death is entered under the year 
585, as follows : 

" A. D. 585. Occisio Baetain mac Ninnedha, 
filii Duach, filii Conaill, mic Fergusa Ceannfadn, 



206 



[568. 



6icc, mic Cfpbaill, -| Comaoine, mac Libpene, mic lollanain, mic Cfpbaill. 
Tpe corhaiple Colmain bice DO ponpac an gnfom hipm. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo peapccac a hochc. Qn ceo bliabam oQooh, mac 
Qinmipech, op Gpinn. peapjap, mac Nelline, DO mapbab la hQo&, mac 
Qinmipech, i noiojail a achap. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo peapcca a naoi. Qn oapa bliaoam DQo6. S. Oenna, 
mac ua Laigipi, abb Cluana mic Noip, oecc. 8. Ice, 6jh 6 Cluain Cpfoail, 
Decc an 15 lanuapn. Qp Di ba hainm TTlme. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo peachcmogac. Qn cpeap bliabain oQoDh. 
S. TTloeinfnD, eppucc Cluana peapca bpfnainn, Decc an ceo la Do TTlapca. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo peachcmojac a haon. 8. bnenomn, ab 6ioppa, 
Decc an naomaD la picfc DO Nouemben. Cach Cola pia piachna, mac 6ao- 
Dam, mic Caipill, pop Oppaijpb i pop Glil), -] po meabaiD poppa. Cola 
ainm maighe ecip Cluain pfpca TTlolua ~\ Saijip. Cach perhin pia Coipppe 
mac Cperhcainn, pi Uluman, pop Colman becc, mac Oiapmaoa,-] po meabam 
ap Colman. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuig ceD peachcmojac ao6. Qn cuicceaD blia&am DQoo. 
Cach Doece, Dian hainm bealach peaoha, pia nQoD, mac Qmmipech, pop 



regis Temro, qui uno anno regnavit. Cumaeine 
mac Colmain. Big mic Diarmata, & Cumaeine mac 
Libhren, filii Illannon, mic Cerbaill occiderunt 
eum consilio Colmain .i. oc Leim ind eich." 

"Mac UaLaighisi. Dr. O' Conor says that this 
family name is now O'Lacy, which involves a 
double error, for Mac Ua Laighsi is not a family 
name (for hereditary surnames were not esta- 
blished so early as this period), and there is no 
such name as O'Lacy in Ireland. There is Lacy 
or De Lacy, but this name is not of Irish origin. 
This writer is also wrong in saying that the 
family of O'Laigisiorum is mentioned by Adam- 
nan, lib. iii. c. 12. 

' Cluain- Creadliail. Now Killeedy, in the 
south of the county of Limerick. See note ', 
under the year 546. 

s Mide : i. e. Mo Ide : i. e. Mea Ida See Col- 
gan's Acta SS., p. 71, n. 2. The churches called 



Kilmeedy, in Munster, are named after this 
virgin. 

h Brenainn, Abbot of Birra His death is en- 
tered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 564, 
and again at 571, which is the true year. It is 
entered in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 570. 

' Tola Now Tulla, in the parish of Kinnitty, 
barony of Ballybritt, and King's County. In 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise, at the year 569, 
this battle is noticed as follows : 

" A. D. 569. The battle of Talo and Fortalo, 
the names of two fields between Elie and Ossorie, 
which is between Clonfert-Molwa and Sayer, 
where Fiachra mac Boydan was victor." 

But in the Annals of Ulster it is entered first 
under the year 572, and again under 573, and 
said to have been fought "fra regionibus Cruithne" 
which seems correct, as the victor was King of 
Ulidia : 



568.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



20" 



son of Cearbhall, and Comain, son of Libren, son of Illadhan, son of Cearbhall. 
[It was] at the instance of Colman Beg they perpetrated this deed. 

The Age of Christ, 568. The first year of Aedh, son of Ainmire, over 
Ireland. Fearghus, son of Nellin, was slain by Aedh, son of Ainmire, in revenge 
of his father. 

The Age of Christ, 569. The second year of Aedh. St. Oenna Mac Ua 
Laighisi", Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, died. St. Ite, virgin, of Cluain-CreadhaiF, 
died on the 15th of January. She was also called Mide g . 

The Age of Christ, 570. The third year of Aedh. St. Maeineann, Bishop 
of Cluain-fearta-Breanainn [Clonfert], died on the first of March. 

The Age of Christ, 571. St. Breanainn, Abbot of Birra h , died on the 
twenty-ninth day of November. The battle of Tola', by Fiachna, son of Baedan, 
son of Cairell, against the [people of] Osraighe and Eile; and they were defeated. 
Tola is the name of a plain [situated] between Cluain-fearta-Molua k and Saighir 1 . 
The battle of Feimhin" 1 , by Cairbre, son of Creamhthann, King of Munster, 
against Colman Beg, son of Diarmaid ; and Golman was defeated. 

The Age of Christ, 572. The fifth year of Aedh. The battle of Doete, 
which is called Bealach-feadha", by Aedh, son of Ainmire, against the men of 



" A. D. 572. Bellum Tola & Fortola. i. e. no- 
mina camporum etir Ele ocus Osraige, ocus etir 
Cluain-ferta ocus Saiger." 

" A. D. 573. Bellum Tola & Fortola in regioni- 
bus Cruithne." 

k Cluain-ferta- Molua. " Et in ipso loco clara 
civitas qua; vocatur Cluain-ferta-Molua, id est, 
Latibulum mirabile S. Molvue (eo quod ipse in 
sua vita multa miracula in ea fecit, et adhuc 
gratia Dei per eum patrantur) in honore S. Mo- 
luffi crevit : et ipsa est in confinio Laginensium 
et Mumeniensium, inter regiones Osraigi et Hele 
et Laiges." Vila Moliue, quoted in Ussher's 
Primord., p. 943. This place is now called Clon- 
fertmulloe, alias Kyle, and is situated at the foot 
of Slieve Bloom, in the barony of Upper Ossory, 
in the Queen's County. See Ogygia, iii. c. 81. 

1 Saighir. Now Serkieran, an old church 
giving name to a parish in the barony of Bally- 



britt, and King's County, and about four miles 
east of Birr. See Ussher's Primordia, pp. 791, 
792, where this church is referred to as in the 
territory of Eile (i. e. Ely O'Carroll), which an- 
ciently belonged to Munster, but which was a 
part of Leinster in Ussher's time. 

Feimhin. A plain comprised in the barony 
of Iffa and Offa East, in the county of Tippe- 
rary. See note under A. M. 3506, p. 32. This 
passage is given in the Annals of Ulster at the 
year 572 : " A. D. 572. Bellum Feimin, in quo 
victus est Colman Modicus" [Beg] Jilius Diar- 
mata, et ipse evasit." It is also given at the year 
592, in Doctor O'Conor's edition, p. 32, but not 
in the Cod. Clarend., torn. 49. 

Bealach-feadha : i. e. the Woody Koad. This 
place is called Bealach an Fheadha, in the pedi- 
gree of O'Reilly, preserved in the Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin, H. 1. 15, and now cor- 



208 



[573. 



pfpaib niibe, ou in po cuic Colman bfcc, mac Oiapmaoa. Conall mac 
Coriigaill, pi Oal Riarca, DO ecc. dp eip ibe po fobaip hi DO Choluim Cille. 

Cloip Cpiopc, cuig ceo peachcmojac a cpf. Qn peipeab bliabam t>Clob. 
bpfnainn, mac bpium, plaich Ceaeba, oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cms ceo peachcmojar a cfcaip. Q peachc odooh. TTlap- 
b'ab Clooha, mic Gachach Uiopmchapna, la hUib bpiuin. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuij ceo peachcmo^ac ape. Ctn naorhab bliabain oQooh. 
S. bpfnainn, abb Cluana pfpca bpfnainn, an i6lTlaii,i oo puaip bap a 
nGanach oum, -] oo hablacab a copp a cCluain pepca bpenainn. Colman, 
mac Coipppe, pi Laijfn, Decc ace Sliab TTlaipcce. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cuicc ceo peachcmojac apeachr. Ctn oeachmab bliabain 
oQob. 8. eppucc edicfn Cluana poca baican aba oecc an n pebpuapi. 
S. Caipeach Dfpsain ogb, o Cluain boipeann, oecc 9 pebpuapi. peiblunib 
pirin, abb Qpoa TDaca, oo ecc. 



rectly anglicised Ballaghanea, and is the name 
of a townland in the parish of Lurgan, barony 
'of Castlerahin, and county of Cavan. In the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, ad ann. 587, Ma- 
geoghegan conjectures that Colman Beg was 
slain at Belanaha, near Mullingar, but he is 
evidently wrong. In the Annals of Ulster this 
battle is noticed at the year 586 : 

" Bettum Droma-Ethe, in quo cecidit Colman 
Beg mac Diarmata. Aed mac Aimirech victor 
erat, in quo lello etiam cecidit Libren mac Ulan- 
don mic Cearbaill." Cod. Claren., torn. 49. 

Of Dal-Riada : i.e. of Dal-Riada, in North 
Britain. This entry is given in the Annals of 
Ulster at the year 573, and in the Annals of 
Cloumacnoise at 569, as follows : 

" A. D. 573. Mors Conaill mic Comgaill anno 
regni sui xvi., qui obtulit insulam le Columbce 
Cille." Ann. Ul. 

* A. D. 569- Conell, son of Cowgal, that gave 
the island of Hugh" [i. e. lona] " to St. Co- 
lumbkille, died in the 16th year of his reign, of 
Dalriatye." Ann. Clon. See also Colgan's Trias 
Thaum., pp. 495, 496. 



Brenainn, son of Brian. According to Colgan 
(Trias Thaum., p. 507), this Brenainn, or"Bren- 
danus princeps Teffise," granted Durrow to St. 
Columbkille ; but see note y , under the year 
556, supra, and note g , under 585, infra. 

Eochaidh Tirmcharna. He was King of 
Connaught. The Ui-Briuin were the descen- 
dants of Brian, son of the Monarch, Eochaidh 
Muighmheadhoin, and were Aedh's own tribe. 
The killing of Aedh is entered in the Annals of 
Ulster at the year 576. Under the year 573 
the Annals of Ulster record: " Magna riiopoail, 
i. e. Conventio Dromma Cheta" [now Daisy Hill, 
near the River Roe, not far from Newtown 
Limavaddy, in the county of Londonderry], 
" in qua erant Colum Cille et Mac Ainmirech." 
And the same Convention is noticed in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise under the year 5 87, which 
is nearer to the true date, which was 590. It 
looks very strange that the Four Masters should 
make no reference to this convention, which is 
so celebrated in Irish history, and particularly 
by Keating, in the reign of Aedh Mac Ainmi- 
reach, and in the Lives of St. Columbkille, with 



573.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



209 



Meath, where fell Column Beg, son of Diarmaid. Conall, son of Comhgall, 
King of Dal-Riada , died. It was he that granted Hy [lona] to Colum Cille. 

The Age of Christ, 573. The sixth year of Aedh. Breanainn, son of 
Brian", chief of Teathbha [Teffia], died. 

The Age of Christ, 574. The seventh year of Aedh. The killing of Aedh, 
son of Eochaidh Tirmcharna q , by the Ui-Briuin. 

The Age of Christ, 576. The ninth year of Aedh. St Brenainn r , Abbot 
of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn [Clonfert], died on the 16th of May. He died at 
Eanach-duin 8 , and his body was interred at Cluain-ferta-Brenainn. Colman, 
son of Cairbre, King of Leinster, died at Sliabh-Mairge'. 

The Age of Christ, 577. The tenth year of Aedh. St. Ethchen, Bishop 
of Cluain-foda Baetain-abha u , died on the llth of February. St. Caireach Dear- 
gain, virgin, of Cluain-Boireann w , died on the 9th of February. Feidhlimidh 
Finn 1 , Abbot of Ard-Macha, died. 



which they were so well acquainted See 
O'Donnell's Vita Columbce, lib. i. c. 93; ii. 10, 
110; iii. 1, 2, 4, 5. It is also mentioned by 
Adamnan, in his Vita Columbce, under the name 
of Dorsum Cette, lib. i. cc. 10, 49; lib. ii. c. 6; 
Trias Thaum., pp. 341, 349, 352. 

Under the year 575, which is totally omitted 
by the Four Masters, the Annals of Ulster 
record : " Scintilla Lepre, et abundantia nucum 
inatidita. Bellum Teloco in quo cecidit Duncath 
mac Conaill mic Comgaill et alii multi de sociis 
JUiorum Gaurain." 

The Annals of Clonmacnoise also record : 
" Diseases of the Leporsie and knobbes," but 
under the year 569, which is incorrect. 

' St. Brenainn, St. Brenainn, or Brendan, of 
Clonfert, in the county of Galway, died at 
Annadown, in the year 577, according to Ussher 
(Index Chron. in Primord., p. 1145). See also 
Colgan's Ada Sanctorum, p. 193. 

Eanach-duin : i. e. the Moor or Marsh of the 
Dun, or earthen Fort ; now Annadown, on the 
east margin of Lough Corrib, in the barony of 
Clare and county of Galway. 

2 



1 Slidbh-Mairge. Now Slievemargy, or Slew- 
marague, a barony in the south-east of the 
Queen's County See A. D. 1398. 

" Cluain-fota Baetain-Abha : i. e. the Long 
Lawn or Meadow of Baetain Abha, now Clonfad, 
in the barony of Farbil, and county of West- 
meath. See Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, pp. 304- 
306 ; Archdall's Monasticon Hib., p. 708 ; and 
Obits and Martyrology of Christ Church, Dublin, 
Introduction, p. liii. 

" Cluain-Boireann Now Cloonburren, on the 
west side of the Shannon, in the parish of 
Moore, barony of Moycarnan, and county of 
Eoscommon, and nearly opposite Clonmacnoise. 
That part of the River Shannon lying between 
this church and Clonmacnoise was anciently 
called Snamh-da-en. See Buile Shuibhnt, MS., 
E. I. A., p. 141; and Colgan's Trias Thaum., 
p. 1 34, c. 33 ; Tribes and Customs ofHy-Many, 
p. 82, note q , and the map to the same work. 
St. Cairech of this place was the sister of St. 
Eany, or Endeus, of Aran. 

1 Feidhlimidh Finn. He is set down as Pri- 
mate in the list of the Archbishops of Armagh 
E 



210 



[579. 



Cloip Cjnopc, cuig ceo peachrmogac anaoi. Q Do Decc oQooh. Carh 
Opoma mic Gapcca pia nCtooh, mac Ctinmipech, pop Cenel nGojain, Du in 
po mapb'aD Colcca, mac OorhnaiU, mic TTluipceapcaij, mic muipeaOoijh. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo ochrmojac. Q cpi Decc oC[ooh. pfpgup Scannal, 
pi TTlurhan, DO mapbab. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cuig ceo ochemojac a haon. Q cfcaip Decc oGob. Cleoh, 
mac Suibne, coipeac TTlaonmuighe, Decc. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cms ceo ochcmojac a DO. d cuij Decc DdoDh. pfpaDhach, 
mac Ouaich, cijfpna Oppaige, Do mapbao la a rhuincip pfipin. 

Ctoip Cpiopr, cuig ceo oclTcmojac acpi. Q pe Decc Ddooh. 8. 
eppcop Opoma Cfchglaipe, Do ecc an 30 DO TTlhapca, -\ ape an 
po pochaib Gill mbian. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cuig ceD ochcmojac a cfraip. Q peachc Decc DQoD. 
S. Naccaoime,abb Ufpe Da jlap, bpacaip Caoimjin, DO ecc an ceo la DO TTlan. 

Qoip Cpiopr, cuig ceo ochcmojac a cuij. Qn rochcmab bliaDain Decc 
. bpfnainn cijhfpna Ueacba, Decc. Qp eipi&e po ebbaip (piap an can 



given in the Psalter of Cashel, published by 
Colgan in Trias Thaum., p. 293; and in the 
Bodleian MS., Laud. 610 See Harris's edition 
of Ware's Bishops, p. 38. 

Under this year the Annals of Ulster record, 
" Reversio Ulot de Eamania;" and the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise notice the " departing of Ul- 
stermen from Eawyn," under the year 580. It 
would appear from a notice in the Annals of 
Ulster, at the year 576, that the Ulta, or ancient 
Ultonians of the race of Rury, made an effort 
to recover their ancient fort of Emania in that 
year, but that they were repulsed by Clann- 
Colla, or Oirghialla : 

" A. D. 576. Primum periculmn Ulot in Eu- 
fania." 

' Druim Mic Earca : i.e. the Ridge or Long Hill 
of Mac Earca. Not identified. This battle is 
recorded in the Annals of Ulster at the years 
579 and 580, and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
at 580, as follows: 



"A. D.579. -ZMttmDromaMicErcea&t'Colgu, 
flius Domhnaill, filii Muirchertaig, mic Muire- 
daig, mic Eogain cecidit." Aed mac Ainmirech 
victor fuit." 

" A. D. 580. Velhic Bdlum Droma Mic Erce." 
Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 580. The battle of Drom mac Eircke 
was given, where Colga mac Donell mic Mur- 
tough was slain, and Hugh mac Ainmireagh 
was victor." Ann. Clon. 

' Fearghus Scannal According to the Dub- 
lin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, " Feargus 
Sganuil succeeded his brother Cairbre Crom as 
King of Desmond, in 577, and died in 584. But 
the testimony of these Annals, which were 
largely interpolated in 1 760, should be received 
with great caution. 

" Maenmagh. A level territory lying around 
the town of Loughrea, in the county of Galway. 
See A. M. 3501, and note a , under A. D. 1235, 
p. 276. 



579-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 211 

The Age of Christ, 579. The twelfth year of Aedh. The battle of Druim 
Mic Earca 5 ', [was gained] by Aedh, son of Ainmire, over the Cinel-Eogain, where 
was slain Colga, son of Domhnall, son of Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach. 

The Age of Christ, 580. The thirteenth .year of Aedh. Fearghus Scan- 
nal z , King of Munster, was slain. 

The Age of Christ, 581. The fourteenth year of Aedh. Aedh, son of 
Suibhne, chief of Maenmagh", died. 

The Age of Christ, 582. The fifteenth year of Aedh. Fearadhach, son 
of Duach, Lord of Osraighe b , was slain by his own people. 

The Age of Christ, 583. The sixteenth year of Aedh. St. Fearghus, 
Bishop of Druim-Leathglaise", died on the 30th of March ; and this was the 
Fearghus who founded Cill mBian d . 

The Age of Christ, 584. The seventeenth year of Aedh. StNathcheimhe, 
Abbot of Tir-da-ghlas e , the brother of Caeimhghin f , died on the first day of 
May. 

The Age of Christ, 585. The eighteenth year of Aedh. Breanainn*, Lord 
of Teathbha [Teifia], died. It was he that had, some time before, granted 

b Osraighe Now anglice Ossory. This ter- * Tir-da-ghlas Now Terryglass, a small vil- 

ritory anciently comprised the whole of the lage in the barony of Lower Ormond, in the 

present diocese so called See note ', under the county of Tipperary, and about four miles to 

year 1 175. the north-west of Burrisokeane. In the Life of 

" Druim-Leathglaise. More generally called St. Fintan of Clonenagh, the situation of this 

Dun-da-leath-ghlas: i.e. "arx duarum media- place is described as follows: "Jacet" [Colum 

rum catenarum," now Downpatrick See Col- Mac Crimthainn] " in sua civitate quee dicitur 

gan's Trias Thaum., p. 110, n. 39; also.4cta SS,, Tir-daglas in terra Mumoniae juxta fluvium 

p. 193, where this passage is translated thus : Sinna." See Ussher's Primord., p. 962, and 

" 583. S. Fergussius, Episcopus Drom Leth- Lanigan's Eccl. Hist., vol. ii. p. 76. No part of 

glassensis .i. Dunensis, obiit 30 Martii. Et ipse the ancient church of Terryglass now remains. 
extruxit [Ecclesiani] de Kill-mbian." Quat. Mag. ' Caeimhghin : i. e. St. Kevin of Glendalough, 

d Cill mBian This name, which might be in the county of Wicklow. 

anglicised Kilbean or Kilmean, is now obsolete. f Breanainn. See his death already mentioned 

See Reeves's Antiquities of Down and Connor, under the year 573. It is entered in the Annals 

<J-e., p. 144. This bishop would appear to have of Clonmacnoise, under 588, as follows : 
been a distinguished person, for his death, and " A. D. 588. Hugh mac Brenayn, King of the 

the fact of his having founded Cill-mBian, are country of Teffa, that granted Dorowe to St. 

mentioned in the Annals of Tighernach at 584, Columbkille, died. The same year there was 

and in those of Ulster at 583 and 589. much frost and wind." 

2 E2 



212 



[586. 



pain) Ofpmagh DO Oia,i DO Colom Cille. baeccan, mac Caipill, pi Ula6, 
Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, ciiis ceo ochcmojac ape. Q naoi Decc DQoD. S. Daigh, 
eppcop, mac Caipill, Decc an 18 Qugupc. peiDlimiD, mac Uijfpnaij, pi 
TTluman, Decc. Cac TTloijhe Ochcaip pia mbpan Oub, mac Gachach, pop 
Uib Nell ipm cealai j op Cluain Conaipe a nofp. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceD ochcmojac apeachc. Qn pichfcmaD blia&ajn 
DQoD. S. Caoplan, eppcop Qpoa TTlacha, Decc, an cfcparhaD la picfc Do 
TTlhapca. S. Seanach, eppcop 6 Cluain lopaipo, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuij ceD ochcmojac a hochc. Q haon picheac oQoDh. 
S. Qooh, mac bpicc, eppcop 6 Gill Qip, i TTli&e, Decc 10 Do Nouembep. 
Lujhaib Lip moip Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo ochcmojac anaoi. Q DO picheac DQooh. 8. TTlac- 
mpe, abb Cluana mic Noip, ppi pe pe mblia&an, Decc, ~[ a ecc an 13 DO 
mi lun. 



^Dearmhagh: i.e. Campus rdborum (Bede, Hist, 
lib. iii. o. 4), now Durrow, in the north of the 
King's County. See note ', under A. D. 1186, 

P- 71. 

' Baetan, son of C air ell. His death is entered 
in the Annals of Ulster under the year 580, and 
again under 586, thus : 

" A. D. 580. Mors Baetain mic Cairill." 

" A. D. 586. Vel hie Mors Baetain mic Carill, 
regis Ulad." 

k Daigh, son of Cairell. In the Irish Calen- 
dar of O'Clery, at 18th August, he is called 
Bishop of Inis-caein-Deagha, in Conaille Muir- 
theimhne, now Inishkeen, in the county of 
Louth, adjoining the county of Monaghan. 
See Colgan's Acta SS., pp. 348, 374. He was 
the fourth in descent from Eoghan, or Owen, 
the ancestor of the Kinel-Owen, and the person 
from whose hands Mochta, of Louth, received 
the viaticum. The Calendar of Cashel calls 
him " faber lam in ferro quam in are, et scriba 
insignis." 

1 Feidhlimidh, son of Tighernach. His death 



is entered in the Annals of Ulster, at the year 
589, as follows: 

" A. D. 589. Mors Feidhlimthe, mic Tiger- 
naigh, Regis Mumhan." 

In the interpolated Dublin copy of the Annals 
of Innisfallen he is made only King of Desmond, 
[from 584 to 590], but this is one of Dr. O'Brien's 
intentional falsifications, to detract from the an- 
cient importance of the Eoganachts. 

m Magh-Ochtair. A plain in the barony of 
Ikeathy and Uachtar-fhine or Oughteranny, in 
the north of the county of Kildare. 

",Cluain-Conaire: i. e. Conair<?s Lawn or Mea- 
dow ; now Cloncurry, in the same barony. In 
the Annals of Ulster this battle is noticed, under 
the year 589, as follows : 

" A. D. 589. Bellum Maighe Ochtair re mBran 
Dubh, mac Eachach pP Uibh Neill." 

Caerlan. He was Archbishop of Armagh, 
" ex regione de O'Niallan oriundus," succeeded 
Feidhlimidh in 578, and died in 588 See Har- 
ris's edition of Ware's Bishops, pp. 38, 39; and 
Colgan's Acta SS., p. 193. In the Annals of 



586.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



213 



Dearmhagh h to God and to Colum Cille. Baetan, son of CairelP, King of 
Ulidia, died. 

The Age of Christ, 586. The nineteenth year of Aedli. St. Daigh, bishop, 
son of Cairell k , died on the 18th of August. Feidhlimidh, son of Tighernach 1 , 
King of Munster, died. The battle of Magh-Ochtair 01 [was gained] by Bran 
Dubh, son of Eochaidh, over the Ui-Neill, at the hill over Cluain-Conaire n , 
to the south. 

The Age of Christ, 587. The twentieth year of Aedh. St. Caerlan , Bi- 
shop of Ard-Macha, died on the twenty-fourth day of March. St. Seanach, 
Bishop of Cluain-Iraird p , died. 

The Age of Christ, 588. St. Aedh, son of Breac, Bishop of Gill- Air", in 
Meath, on the 10th of November. Lughaidh, of Lis-mor r , died. 

The Age of Christ, 589. The twenty-second year of Aedh. St. Macnise", 
Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois for a period of sixteen years, died on the thirteenth 
of the month of June. 



Clonmacnoise his death is entered under the 
year 587. 

T Cluain-Iraird, now Clonard, in the south- 
west of the county of Meath. 

' CHI-Air NowKillare, an old church giving 
name to a parish near the hill of Uisneach, in 
the barony of Rathconrath, and county of West- 
meath Seenote h , under A.D.I 184. InO'Clery's 
Irish Calendar the festival of Aedh Mac Brie is 
marked at 10th November, thus : 

" Qo6 mac 6pic 6pp. 6 Chill Qip i Hlioe, 
) 6 ShliaK Oiaj i oCip 6o^ame, i jCmel Co- 
naill, Qoip Cpiopc an can po paoio a ppiopao 
Do cum nime, 588." 

" Aedh Mac Brie, Bishop of Killare, in Meath, 
and of Sliabh Liag, in Tir-Boghaine, in Kinel- 
Connell. The Age of Christ when he resigned 
his spirit to heaven, 588." 

The ruins of this saint's chapel are still to be 
seen on the mountain of Slieveleague, in the ba- 
rony of Banagh, and county of Donegal. The 
death of Aedh filius Brie is also entered in the 
Annals of Ulster, at the year 588. Colgan has 



published an ancient Life of him at 28th Fe- 
bruary. He was also the founder and patron 
of Eathhugh, near Kilbeggan, in Westmeath. 

' Lis-mor : i. e. Atrium magnum. Now Lis- 
more, in the county of Waterford, where St. 
Carthach, or Mochuda, of Eathain, formed a 
great religious establishment about the year 
633 ; but there seems to have been a church 
there at an earlier period. Tighernach records 
the death of this Lughaidh, to whom he gives 

the alias name of Moluoc, at the year 691 See 

Colgan's Ada Sanctorum, p. 539- 

Macnise. His death is entered in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, at the year 587, thus: 

" A. D. 587. Mac Nissi, an Ulsterman, third 
abbot of Clonvicknose, died in the 16th year of 
his place." 

His festival is entered in O'Clery's Irish Ca- 
lendar at 1 3th June, in which it is remarked 
that he was abbot of Clonmacnoise for sixteen 
years, and that he died in 590, under which 
year it is also recorded in the Annals of Ulster ; 
but it appears, from certain criteria afforded by 



214 



[590.. 



doip Cpiopc, cuig ceDnochac. Ctn cpeap blianain pichfc Ddo6. Carh 
euouino moip pia bpiacna, mac baecain, mic Caipill, mic UluipeaDoij 
IDuinofipcc, pop ^epciDe, mac Ronain, cijfpna Ciannachca. Clp Do pin Do 
paioheaoh, 

Qn peachc nolle Do peja pian mic baocain i mbpfja, 
biaiD Ciarmachca i ppouc nf bac poicpi DO pouc. 

Seanchan, mac Colman moip, DO mapb'ab. 8. ^P 1 " 01 ! 1 t>eloip DO oiponeab 
a jcacaoip q a gcorhapbup pfoaip appeal Dia aimbeoin. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo nochac a haon. Ct cfraip pichfc oQooh. QoD 
Cfpp, mac Colmain, mic Coipppe, pi Laijfn, Decc. 

Ctoip Cpiopr, cuig ceo nochar a DO. Ct cuig pichfc oGoDh. Colum Cille, 
mac peai&limib, appeal Ctlban, ceann cpabaiD epmoip Gpeann,-] Ctlban lap 
bpaccpaicc, Decc ina ecclaip pfm in hi ino Ctlbam, mpp an ccuicceaD bliabam 
cpiochao a oilirpe, oiDce Domnaish DO purDpab an 9 la lunn. Seachc 
mbliaDna peachcmojacc a aoip uile an can po paoioh a ppiopaic Docum 
mme, arhail apbfpap ipin pann, 

Ueopa blia&na bai jan lep, Colum ma Ouibpeglep, 

Luioh 50 haingli apa chachc, lap peachc mbliabna peaccmojac. 



these Annals, that the true yearwas 591, namely, 
" Defectio solis, i. e. mane tenebrosum." See Art 
de Ver. les Dates, tom. i. p. 63. 

1 Eadan-mor: i. e. the Great Brow or Face of 
a Hill. This was the name of a hill in East 
Meath, but the name is now obsolete. It may 
have been the ancient name of Edenrath, near 
Navan See Inquisitions, Lagenia, Meath 6, 
Jac. I. This entry is given in the Annals of 
Ulster under the year 593, thus : 

" A. D. 593. Bdlum Gerrtide, ri Ciannachte 
oc Eudonn mor ro meabhaidh. Fiaehna mac 
Baetain, mic Cairill, mic Muiredaig Muinderg, 
victor erat." 

u Cianachta: i. e. Cianachta-Breagh, in the 
east of Meath. 

" Seanchan. This agrees with the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise. 



* Gregory of the Golden Mouth. Dr. O'Conor 
translates this, " S. Gregorius valde sapiens ;" 
but this is one of his innumerable childish mis- 
takes, which are beneath criticism. The me- 
mory of this Pope was anciently much revered 
in Ireland, and he was honoured with the title 
of Beloir, i. e. of the Golden Mouth, as we learn 
from Cummianus, in his letter to Segienus, 
abbot of lona, on the Paschal controversy : 

" Quid plura? Ad Gregorii Papse, urbis 
Romse Episcopi (a nobis in commune suscepti, 
et oris aurei appellatione donati) verba me con- 
verti." Ussher's Sylloffe, first edition, p. 31 ; 
Second edition, p. 21, line 20. 

The Irish held the memory of this Pope in 
such veneration that their genealogists, finding 
that there were some doubts as to his genealogy, 
had no scruple to engraft him on the royal stem 



590.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



215 



The Age of Christ, 590. The twenty-third year of Aedh. The battle of 
Eadan-mor' [was gained] by Fiachna, son of Baedan, son of Cairell, son of 
Muireadhach Muindearg, over Gerthidhe, son of Ronan, Lord of Cianachta", 
of which was said : 

On the other occasion, when the soldiers of Baedan shall go into Breagh, 
The Cianachta shall be on the alert, they shall not be the next to the shot. 

Seanchan w , son of Colman Mor, was slain. St. Gregory of the Golden Mouth 1 
was appointed to the chair and successorship of Peter the Apostle, against his 
will. 

The Age of Christ, 591. The twenty-fourth year of Aedh. Aedh Cerr, 
son of Colman, son of Cairbre, King of Leinster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 592. The twenty-fifth year of Aedh. Colum Cille'', 
son of Feidhlimidh, apostle of Alba [Scotland], head of the piety of the most 
part of Ireland and Alba, [next] after Patrick, died in his own church in Hy, 
in Alba, after the thirty-fifth year of his pilgrimage, on Sunday night precisely, 
the 9th day of June. Seventy-seven years was his whole age when he resigned 
his spirit to heaven, as is said in this quatrain : 

Three years without light was Colum in his Duibh-regles" ; 

He went to the angels from his body, after seven years and seventy. 



of Conaire II., the ancestor of the O'Falvys, 
O'Connells, and other families. His pedigree is 
given as follows by the O'Clerys in their Ge- 
nealogies of the Irish Saints : 

" Gregory of Rome, son of Gormalta, son of 
Connla, son of Arda, son of Dathi, son of Core, 
son of Conn, son of Cormac, son of Core 
Duibhne" [the ancestor of the Corca Duibhne, in 
Kerry], " son of Cairbre Muse, son of Conaire." 

The Four Masters have given the accession 
of this Pope under the true year. Gregory was 
made Pope on the 13th of September, which 
was Sunday, in the year 590, and died on the 
12th of March, 604, having sat thirteen years, 
six months, and ten days. See Art de Ver. les 
Dates, torn. i. p. 245. 



' Colum Cille His death is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster, under the year 594, as follows: 

" A. D. 594. Quies Coluim Cille u. Idus Junii, 
anno etatis sue Ixxvi." 

It is entered in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 
under 590, thus : 

" A. D. 590. St. Columbkill died at" [on] 
" Whitsuntide eave, the 5th of the Ides of June, 
in the island of Hugh" [Hy or lona], " in the 
35th year of his pilgrimmage and banishment 
into Scotland, and in the 77th year of his age, 
as he was saying his prayers in the church of 
that isle, with all his moncks about him." 

' Duibh-reyles This was the name of a church 

erected by St. Columbkille at Derry See 

note c , under A. D. 1173. 



cn-watd Rioshachca eiReaww. 



[593. 



Dalian popgaill oijcic hoc DO bap Choluim Cille : 

Ip leijep leja jan lep, ip oebail pmepa yie pmuaip, 
Ip abpan pe cpuir jan ceip, pinoe beip ap napgain uaip. 

Qo6 Dub, mac Suibne, pi Ulab, Do mapba6 la Piaca, mac baeccain. 
dp lap an Gooli nDub pin copchaip Diapmairc mac Ceapbaill. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo nochac acpf. Q pe pichfc DQooh. Cumapcacb, 
mac Clooha, mic dinmipecli, DO mapbab la bpan Dub, mac Gachach, i nDun 
bucac, arhail ap bepc naom QeDan eppcop : 

^uiDim in coimoiu comachcach, i pail Cille panoaipech 
TCobpi Diojail Comupccaij, juin Cfooha mic Q;nmipech. 



Dalian Forgaill. He was a disciple of St. 
Columbkille, and wrote the poem called Amhra 
Choluim Cille in praise of that saint. Ada 
Sanctorum, p. 203 ; and O'Reilly's Irish Writers, 
p. 39. 

b The Ceis. Irish glossographers are not 
agreed on the meaning of this word. The most 
rational of all the conjectures they hare left us 
is, that it was the name of the cpom ceo, or 
bass string of the harp. Another writer states 
that it was the name of a small harp which ac- 
companied a large harp. " Ceip amm Do cpuic 
bic bip i comaicecccpuice mope." SeeAmhra 
Choluim Cille, in Leabhar-na-hUidhri. 

Aedh Dubh : i. e. Hugh the Black. His death 
is entered in the Annals of Ulster, at the year 
587, as follows : 

" A. D. 587- Nix magna, et jugulatio Aedha 
Nigri mic Suibne in nave.' 1 '' 

This event is recorded by Adamnan in his 
Vita Columbo3, lib. i. c. 36, where he gives the 
following character of this slayer of King Diar- 
maid : 

" Findchanus Aidum cognomento Nigrum, 
Regio genere ortum Cruthinium gente,de Scotia" 
[i. e. Hibernia] " ad Britanniam sub clericatus 
habitu secum adduxit, qui Aidus, valde sangui- 
narius homo, et multorum fuerat trucidator, et 



Diermitium filium Cerbuill totius Scotiae Reg- 
natorem, Deo auctore ordinatum interfecerat, 
&c. Ordinatus vero indebite, dolo lancea trans- 
fixus, de prora ratis in aquam lapsus stagneam 
disperiit." 

Colgan, in a note on this passage, in his edi- 
tion of Adamnan's Vit. Colunib., says, Trial 
Thaum., p. 379, that three anonymous authors 
who wrote on the Kings of Ulster, and whose 
works he had in his possession, state that this 
Aedh Dubh ("Aidus Niger, films Suibnei, Rex 
Ultoniae, qui Diermitium, filium Kervalli, inte- 
remit") was slain by the Crutheni in a ship. 

d Dun-Bucat. Now Dunboyke, a townland 
containing the remains of a dun, or earthen fort, 
and a grave-yard, in the parish of Hollywood, 
barony of Lower Talbotstown, and county of 
Wicklow. In the Annals of Ulster the death 
of this Cumasgach is entered under the year 
596, thus : 

" A. D. 596. Occisio Cumasgaidh, mic Aeda, 
la Bran Dubh mac nEchach i nDun-Buchat." 

According to the ancient historical tract 
called the Borumha-Laighean, this Cumascach 
set out on his royal, free-quarter, juvenile visi- 
tation of Ireland, on which he was resolved to 
have the wife of every king or chieftain in Ire- 
land for a night! He first set out for Leinster, 



.593.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 217 

Dalian Forgaill 3 composed this on the death of Colum Cille : 

Like the cure of a physician without light, like the separation of marrow from 

the bone, 
Like a song to a harp without the Ceis\ are we after being deprived of our 

noble. 

Aedh Dubh c , son of Suibhne, King of Ulidia, was slain by Fiachna, son of 
Baedan. It was by this Aedh Dubh Diarmaid Mac Cearbhaill had been slain. 

The Age of Christ, 593. The twenty-sixth year of Aedh. Cumuscach, 
son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, was slain by Bran Dubh, son of Eochaidh, at 
Dun-Bucat d , as the Bishop St. Aedhan 6 said : 

I implore the powerful Lord, near Cill-Rannairech f , 

It was he that took revenge of Comuscach, that slew Aedh mac Ainmirech. 



with four battalions, and crossed the Kiver Righ 
(the Rye Water), which was the boundary be- 
tween that province and Meath. He advanced 
to Bealach-Chonglais, now Baltinglas, where 
Bran Dubh, King of Leinster, resided (at Rath- 
bran, near Bantinglas). He sent for the wife 
of Bran Dubh, who came to him, and requested 
that he would not detain her until she had 
exhibited her hospitality in distributing food 
among his attendants. This request was granted ; 
but the Queen of Leinster, instead of remaining 
to wait on his hosts, fled, like an honest woman, 
from her palace, and betook herself to the fast- 
nesses of the lonely forest of Dun-Buichet. 
After this the King of Leinster, attired in the 
garb of a menial, set fire to the house in which 
was the young libertine, Cumascach, who, dress- 
ing himself in the clothes of one of his satirical 
poets, climbed to the ridge-pole of the hole, and, 
making his way out, escaped the flames, and fled 
to Monaidh-Cumascaigh, at the end of the Green 
of Cill-Rannairech [now Kilranelagh], where 
Loichine Lonn, Erenagh of that church, and 
ancestor of the family of O'Lonain, who disco- 
vered who he was, cut off his head, and carried 

2 



it to Rath-Bran Duibh, where he presented it to 
the King of Leinster, who, for this signal ser- 
vice, granted perpetual freedom (or exemption 
from custom or tribute) to the church of Cill- 
Rannairech. 

The Monarch Aedh Mac Ainmirech, hearing 
of the fate of his son, marched an army into 
Leinster, and fought the battle of Dunbolg. 

f Aedhan: i. e. Maedhog, or Mogue, Bishop 
of Ferns, who died in the year 624. 

' Cill-Rannairech. Now Kilranelagh, near 
Baltinglass, in the county of Wicklow. Dr. 
O'Conor translates Cill-Rannairech, " ecclesia ad 
manifestandum supra omnes," but this is ab- 
surd, for it is the name of a church even at the 
present day, signifying cell or church of Ran- 
naire, a man's name. In the ancient historical 
tract called Borumha-Laighean two lines of this 
quatrain are given thus: "5 u| 6im combib cu- 
tnaccac, comp 10 cille Runnuipec." " I pray 
the [al]mighty Lord, the principal incumbent 
of Cill-Rannairech ;" and it is added that the 
whole poem was written in another part of the 
book : "Alibi in hoc libra scripsimus ;" but it 
is uot now to be found in any of the copies. 



-MS 



UNWK.U 



[594. 



Curli Slobc Ciinr, In lllumum. pop llluiinxu limi'.. bpiru Inui pia TIHK 
mbaoocnn. Ciobpame, mac Calgaij, oecc. 

Goip Cpiopr, cuij; ceo nochae a cfraip. lap mbfidlpeacc mbliaDna picfc 
i pijjhe n6peann oQooh, mac ainmipecb, mic Seacna, copcaip la bpan Oub, 
mac Gachach, i ccarh Oinn bolcc i ILaijmb, ap nool D<3ot> DO rabach na 

of Ireland had pitched his camp near Dun- 
Buaice. Brau-Dubh despatched him thither 
to request an armistice from the monarch until 
he should muster his forces, 'when he would 
either come upon terms of peace or give him 
battle. The bishop went on this embassy, but 
the monarch refused to comply with this re- 
quest, and addressed his half-brother, Bishop 
Aidau, iu insulting language, and the latter 
resented it by predicting his doom. The mo- 
narch then marched with his forces to Bealach 
Dun-bolg, which evidently extended along Hol- 
lywood Glen, and over the great, flat, rocky 
surface called Lee Couuugh-ciumJi [Flag of the 
broken Bones], and onward through Bearua- 
ua-sciath. i. e. the Gap of the Shields, at Kil- 
belat [Kilbaylet], where he pitched a fortified 
camp in a strong position. 

The Bishop Aidan returned to Bran-Dubh. 
and informed him that the monarch of Ireland 
was encamped at Kilbelat, and that he had 
treated him with indignity. The King of Lein- 
ster then asked the bishop what was best to be 
done, as he had not time to muster his forces, 
and the bishop advised him to have recourse to 
a stratagem which he planned for him. and 
which ultimately proved successful- Bran-Dubh 
and the bishop then set out to reconnoitre the 
royal camp, and they arrived, accompanied by 
120 young heroes, on the side of Sliabh Xeach- 
tain, a mountain which then received its pre- 
sent name of Sliabh Oadaigh, and they per- 
ceived what appeared to them to be numerous 
docks of birds, of various colours, hovering 
over the camp. These they soon recognised to 
be the standarus and ensigns of the Ui-NeiU, 



ow Slieve Gua, in theuorth- 
of tl><> county of Wnterlord Six- note 1 , 
under A. M. 3790, p. 48, *itj>r>. 

k />Ktt-kty.> i. e. Fort of the Sacks. This place. 
is described in the historic*! tract called the 
> /.V>rwiA 1 i-/.<ijAf\H, as situated to the south of 
Puu-Buehat [now Dnnboyke, noar Hollywood. 
in the county of Wk-klow], not far from a ohxuxh 
called Cill-Belat, now Kilbaylot, near Ponard, 
in the same county. The following is a brief 
outline of the account of the battle of the road 
or pass of Dun-bolg, as given, vrith varieties of 
most curious fabulous details, in this ancient 
historical story. 

When the monarch Aedh, son of Aininirw, 
heard, at his palace of Aileaeh, in Ulster, that his 
soli Coumscach had been killed at Dun-Buchau 
he assembled the forces of I.esth-Chuinn. and 
marchcvl at their head to the River Righe, on the 
eoofius of Meath and Leinster ; and proceeded 
thKV directly for the place where his s>n had 
been kilievl. and pitched his cunp at Bseth- 
Kalxha. close to Ouu-Buaice. \Vheu Bran Dubh. 
King of Leinstvr. who was stay ing at a place. 
c*Ud Sokdhairv- [Skerk], in the south of U i- 
Ceinusklagh, heard of the monarvh's arriral 
with his artuy at the Righe. he mowd north- 
wards ie* his principal tort of Rath-Brain Duibh 
[now Rathbrau j, near Bealach Conghlais. or 
Ralungkss. and {^ssevi ovvr Moiute*ch> Muin- 
ckik Uaimhn* [thelVeps}. Etar. Ard-Chvxillidh. 
ad Arvl-*uBre*, and. ossinj the Rixvr Sliine 



wnr Ifcft hwi f Fe to Bea- 
"MhACfcMgfcliKHere 
fee was met by Bishop Aid**, the Monarch's halt" 
r, who iutv>nued him that the Monarch 



>~ 



AXXALS OF THE KDE6DOM OF IKELA5D. 



Tie battle of SBdifcC**, 
MLBOBoffiM 
A^ of Christ, 



[m pin*) ow Ae 
of Ca%aek, died, 



* " 



n Ae JorertigBty of Irtiaod, bfe 
of EodM*,m the battle of D^boig*. n 



. - 



. 



.-. - 



- - 







220 



[595. 



boporha, -] Do Diojail a mic Chomupccoij; poppa. Uopcpacap apoile paop 
clanna ipin each fin bealoig Ouin bolg, im 6ecc, mac Cuanach, cijfpna 
Qipjiall. Gp DO bap Qoba Do pai&eao : 

Q mbuac, pfpup an ronn ppi bpuach, 

Qcpec pcela, cia pa pcic, Gooh, mac Qmmipeach po bich. 

ben Qeoa cecinic. 

6acop lonmume cpi caoib, ppip nach ppeipge aicfppach, 
Uaoban caillcfn, caob Ufrhpa pcaob QoDa, mic Gmmipeaah. 

Goip Cpiopc, cuij ceO nochac a cuij. On ceo bliabain DCtob Slaine, mac 
mic Oiapmaca, mic pfpsupaCfppbeoil,-] DO Colman RimiD, i pije nGpeann. 
S. baoicin, mac bpeanamn, abb lae Choloim Cille, Decc an 9 lume. Ctili- 
chip, abb Cluana mic Noip, Decc. 



for the monarch's camp. When the Oirghialla, 
who were posted at Bun-Aife, heard the din and 
the tumult of this host, the snorting of the 
horses and the lowing of the loaded oxen, they 
started to arms, and asked who were the party 
advancing. The others made answer that they 
were the calones of Leinster who were conveying 
victuals for the entertainment jf the people of the 
King of Ireland. The Oirghialla, on examining 
the tops of the hampers, felt the dressed provi- 
sions, and their king, Dubhduin or Beg mac 
Cuanach, said, " they are telling the truth ; let 
them pass." The Leinstermen advanced to the 
centre of the monarch's camp, and there, on a 
hill called ever since Candle-hill, they removed 
the king's cauldron off the great candle, and its 
light was seen far and wide. They were fol- 
lowed by the Oirghialla, who wished to partake 
of the King of Leinster's hospitality. " What 
great light is this we see," said the monarch to 
the leper. The leper replied : " the Leinstermen 
have arrived with their provisions, and this is 
their light." The stratagem was now effected. 
Small bags, filled with stones, were fastened to 
the tails of the wild horses, which were let 
loose among the tents of the men of Ireland; 



the oxen were disencumbered of their bur- 
dens, and the Leinster soldiers issued from the 
hampers, grasped their swords, raised their 
shields, and prepared for fighting. The leper 
also cast off his wooden, leg, and handled his 
sword. The Kinel-Connell and Kinel-Owen, 
perceiving that the camp was surprised, sprang 
up, and, forming a rampart of spears and shields 
around the monarch of Ireland, conveyed him 
on his steed to Bearna-na-sciath. The leper, 
Eon Kerr, pursued the monarch with a select 
party of Leinstermen, and after much desperate 
fighting unhorsed him, and cut off his head 
on a flat rock called Lec-Comaigh-cnamh. He 
emptied his wallet of the crumbs which he had 
got in the royal pavilion, and put into it the head 
of the monarch. He then passed unobserved in 
the darkness of the night, from the confused 
fight which ensued, into the wild recesses of 
the mountain, where he remained till morning. 
The Leinstermen routed the Ui-Neill and Oir- 
ghialla with great carnage, and slew, among 
others, Beg, the son of Cuanach, chief of Oir- 
ghialla. 

On the following day Ron Kerr, son of Dubh- 
auach, chief of Imaile, presented BranDubh with 



595.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



221 



gone to exact the Borumha, and to avenge his son Comusgach upon them. 
Some nobles fell in this battle of Bealach Duin-bolg, together with Beg, son of 
Cuanach, Lord of Oirghialla. Of the death of Aedh was said : 

At Buac, the wave buffets the brink, 

News were heard, who, in weariness, slew Aedh, son of Ainmire. 

The wife of Aedh 1 cecinit : 



Three sides were dear, from which to change is [affords] no hope,. 

The side of Tailltin, the side of Teamhair, and the side of Aedh, son of Ainmire. 

The Age of Christ, 595. The first year of Aedh Slaine k , son of the son 
of Diarmaid, son of Fearghus Cerrbheoil, and of Colman Rimidh, in the so- 
vereignty of Ireland. St. Baeithin 1 , son of Brenainn, Abbot of la-Choluim Cille 
[lona], died on the 9th of June. Ailithir 01 , Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, died. 



the head of the monarch, Aedh, son of Ainmire ; 
and he obtained from the king the privilege of 
dining at the royal table, and his paternal in- 
heritance free of tribute to him and his repre- 
sentatives for ever. In the very ancient Life of 
St. Aidan, or Maidocus, published by Colgan, 
at 31st January, we find the following passage, 
which very curiously agrees with this historical 
tale : 

"Iste [Brandub] vir astutissimus et valde 
probus in militia erat, et agens astute, intravit 
audaciter in castra inimicorum, et occidit ipsum 
regem Hibernian, ,/Edum filium Ainmirech ; et 
maxiinam casdem nobilium virorum totius Hi- 
bernia? cum eo fecit." Trias Thaum., p. 211. 

The Annals of Ulster record this battle of 
Dun-bolg under the year 597, and the Annals 
of Tighernach under 598, which last is the true 
year. Ussher states that after the fall of Aedh I., 
son of Ainmire, King of Ireland, in the battle 
of Dunbolg, Brandubh, King of Leinster, is said 
to have bestowed his seat at Ferns upon Aedan, 
but also that he made it the metropolis of all 
Leinster Primordia, p. 965. 

1 The wife of Aedh Written 6ean Oeoha 

by Cucogry O'Clery in his copy of the Leabhar 



Gabhala, p. 184. Dr. O'Conor translates this 
" Beatus Aodha," in his edition of these Annals, 
p. 178. 

k Aedh Slaine, fyc. The commencement of 
the reign of these joint monarchs is recorded in 
the Annals of Ulster at the year 597. 

1 Baeithin." A. D. 597. Quies Baetini Abb 
Ire." Ann. Ult. 

He was a distinguished scribe, and the near 
relative and intimate companion of St. Columb- 
kille. He was the son of Brenainn, who was son 
of Muireadhach, who was St. Columbkille's uncle. 
His principal church was Teach Baithaein, now 
Taughboyne, in the barony of Raphoe, and 
county of Donegal, where his festival was kept 
on the 9th of June, which was also St. Columb- 
kille's day. Ussher places his death in the year 
598, but Colgan places it in 600, because he 
finds that he lived four years after the death of 
St. Columbkille, who died in 596. Adamnan 
makes special mention of him in his Vita Co- 
lumbce, lib. i. cc. 2, 23, and lib. iii. c. 4. It is 
stated in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, A. D. 596, 
that he died in the sixty-sixth year of his age. 

m Ailithir " A. D. 598. Ailitir, Abbas Cluana 
mac Nois patisat." Ann. UU. 



222 



[596- 



Qoip Cpiopc, ciiig ceo nochac ape. Qn oapa blm6ain oClob Slaine, -] Do 
Colman. S. Sniche, ogh 6 Cluam lech cfngaO, Decc, an naorhab la Do No- 
uembep. Suibne, mac Colmain bice, cigfpna TTIioe, Do rhapbab la hGob 
Slaine i mbpioarh. 

Qoip Cpiopc, cuig ceo nochac apeachc. Qn cpeap bliaOain odob -j DO 
Colman. bemennq 6pan Ouib im bpfjhaibh. bpenamn, mac Coipppe mic 
pecine, cijfpna Ua TTlaine, oecc. 

Cach Slfrhna TTlibe pia Colman I?imi6 pop Conall Cu, mac QoDha, mic 
Qinmipeac, -] po meab'aiD pop Conall. Cach Guile caol pia bpiacna mac 
baocain, pop piachna, mac Demain, agup po meabaib an each pop piachna 
mac Oemain. Uaca, mac CtoDha, mic Gachach Uiopmcapna, pig Connachca, 
Decc. GochaiD, mac Oiapmacca, eppcop -) abb Qpoa TTlaca, Decc. 



" Sinche. This name is more usually written 
Sineach, in the nominative form. The memory 
of this virgin is still venerated at Cill-Sinche, 
now Kilshine, near Navan, in East Meath, and 
at Teach-Sinche, now Taughshinny, near Bal- 
lymahon, in the county of Longford. The lat- 
ter is probably the place called Cluain leththen- 
gadh in the text. 

" Bri-damh: i. e. the Hill of the Oxen, which 
was the name of a hill over a stream called 
Suainiu, in the parish and barony of Geshill, 
King's County. See note % under A. M. 3501, 
p. 28, supra. Dr. O'Conor translates this as 
follows : 

" Suibneus filius Colmanni Parvi Princeps 
Midi occisus per Aodhum Slanensem tyran- 
nice." 

But tyrannice is incorrect, as Dr. O'Conor 
might have learned from Colgan, who trans- 
lates it thus : 

" Anno Christ! 596. Subneus filius Colmani 
seu Columbani cognomento parvi" (Magni ut 
reor rectius) " Princeps Media;, interfectus est 
per Aidum Slane in loco qui Brig-dham appel- 
latur." Trias Thaum., p. 376, n. 54. 

This entry is given in the Annals of Ulster 
at the year 599, and in the Annals of Clonmac- 



noise at 597, as follows : 

" A. D. 599. Jugulatio Suibne, mic Colmain 
Moir, mic Diarmata Derg, mic Fergusa Cer- 
bheoil, mic Conaill Cremthaine, mic Neill Nai- 
giallaig, la hAed Slaine, ic Bridam for Suainiu 
i. e. rivulus." 

" A. D. 599. The killing of Suibhne, son of 
Colman Mor, son of Diarrnaid Derg, son of 
Fearghus Cerbheoil, son of Conall Cremhthaine, 
son of Niall of the Nine -Hostages, by Aedh 
Slaine, at Bri-damh, over the Suainiu, a stream." 
Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 597. Swyne mac Colman was killed 
by King Hugh Slane, at the river called Swa- 
niou." Ann. Clon. 

Adamnan has a distinct notice of the killing 
of this Suibhne by the King Aedh Slaine, in 
his Vita Columb., lib. i. c. 14, where he says 
that St. Columbkille had forewarned him not to 
be guilty of fratricide, for that if he should his 
reign would be brief. His words are as fol- 
lows : 

" Prophetia beati viri de filio Dermitii Eegis, 
qui Aidus Slane lingua nominatus est Scotica. 

" Alio in tempore, cum vir beatus in Scotia 
per aliquot demoraretur dies, ad supradictum 
Aidum ad se venientem, sic prophetice locutus, 



596.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



223 



The Age of Christ, 596. The second year of Aedh Slaine and of Colman. 
St. Sinche", virgin, of Cluain-leththeangadh, died on the ninth day of November. 
Suibhne, son of Colman Beg, Lord of Heath, was slain by Aedh Slaine, at Bri- 
darnh . 

The Age of Christ, 597. The third year of Aedh and Colman. The sword- 
blows" of Bran Dubh in Breagh. Brenainn, son of Cairbre q , son of Fechine, 
Lord of Ui-Maine, died. 

The battle of Sleamhain 1 ', in Meath, [was fought] by Colman Bimidh against 
Conall Cu 8 , son of Aedh, son of Ainmire ; and Conall was defeated. The battle 
of Cuil-Cael*, by Fiachna, son of Basdan, against Fiachna, son of Deman. ; and 
the battle was gained against Fiachna, son of Deman. Uata", son of Aedh, son 
of Eochaidh Tirmcharna, King of Connaught, died. Eochaidh, son of Diar- 
maid w , Bishop and Abbot of Ard-Macha [Armagh], died. 



ait ; Prsecavere debes, fill ne tibi a Deo totius 
Iberniae Regni prasrogatiuam Monarchies prse- 
destinatam parricidali faciente peccato amittas : 
narn si quandoque illud commiseris, non toto 
Patris Eegno, sed eius aliqua parte in gente 
tua, breui frueris tempore. Qua? verba Sancti 
sic sunt expleta secundiim eius vaticinationem : 
nam post Suibneum filium Columbani dolo ab 
eo interfectum, non plus (vt fertur) quam qua- 
tuor annis et tribus mensibus regni concessa 
potitus est parte." See death of Aedh Slaine, 
A. D. 600. 

p Sword-blows This means that Bran Dubh, 
King of Leinster, overran Bregia in East Meath 
with the sword. 

Brenainn, son of Cairbre." A. D. 600. 
Terre motus in Bairrchi. Mors Brendain mic 
Coirpri mic Feichine. Sic invent in libra Cua- 
nach." Ann. Ult. 

' Sleamhain Now Slewen, a townland near 

Mullingar, in the county of Westmeath, now 
divided into two parts, of which the larger is 
called Slewenmore, and the smaller Slewenbeg. 
See note q , under the year 492. See also the pub- 
lished Inquisitions, Lagenia, Westmeath, No. 68, 
Car. I. This battle is noticed in the Annals of 



Ulster twice ; first at the year 600, and again 
at 601 ; and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 
601, as follows : 

" A. D. 600. Bellum Sleune, et Bdlum Guile 
coil." 

"A. D. 601. Bellum in, quo Colman Rimed, 
rex Generis Euguin victor erat et Conall Cuun 
mac Aeda mic Ainmirech, fugitivus evasit." 

" A. D. 601. The Battle of Sleawyn in Meath 
was given, where King Colman Rivea was victor, 
and Conall Cowe, son of King Hugh Ainmi- 
reagh, put to flight." Ann. Clon. 

8 Conall Cu. Colgan thinks that he was the 
same as Conall Clogach, who insulted St. Co- 
lumbkille at the Convention of Druim-Ceat 
See Trias Thaum., pp. 431, 452. ' 

1 Cuil-Cael: i. e. the Narrow Corner or Angle. 
This place, which was situated either in the 
county of Down or Antrim, is unknown to the 
Editor. 

u Uata, son of Aedh. " A. D. 601. Mors 
Huatach mac Aedo." Ann. Ult. 

* Eochaidh, son of Diarmaid. According to 
Ware, this prelate succeeded in 588, and died 
in 598 See Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, 
p. 39. 



224 



[598. 



Cloip Cpiopc, cms ceo nochar a hochc. Qn cfrparhaD bliaDain t>Qo6 -| 
oo Colman. 3. Camnech, abb QchaiD bo, 065 an 1 1 oOccobep lap mbfic 
ceicpe bliabna ochrmojac ina beachaib. Cach Gachpoip i TYluipiupc pia 
Colman coipech Cenel Coipppe pop TTlaolcochaijh, coipeac Ceneoil piach- 
pach TTluipipce, i po meabaioh an each pin pop TTlaolcochaij. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo. S. Comgall bfnocaip abb bfnocaip UlaD, Oecc, 
an oeachriiaD la DO mi Tllan, lap mofic cao^a bliaoain cpi mf -\ oeich la i 
naboame bfnocaip. Nochac bliaoain a aoip. 8. Colman, mac Cenrme, Decc. 
S. Laippen, .1. ab TTlfna opoichic, Decc. 



T Achadh-bo. Translated " campulus bovis" 
by Adamnan, in his Vita Columb., lib. ii. c. 31 ; 
apud Colgan, Trias Thaum., p. 345 ; and " ager 
bourn" in a Lii'e of St. Canice, quoted by Ussher, 
Primord., p. 957- It is now anglicised Aghaboe, 
and is a townland and parish in the barony of 
Upper Ossory, in the Queen's County. In the 
Annals of Ulster the death of St. Cainnech is 
entered under the years 598 and 599 ; and in 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 597, as fol- 
lows : 

" A. D. 598. Quies Cainig in Achaid bo, tit 
Guana docet." 

" A. D. 599. Quies Cainig Sancti, et BeUum 
Saxonum in quo victus est Aed." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 597- Canneagh of Acha Boe, named 
Saint Kenny, in the 84th year of his age, died." 
Ann. Clon. 

This saint is mentioned by Adamnan in his 
Vita Columb., lib. i. c. 4 ; and lib. iii. c. 21. 
See Ussher's Primordia, pp. 907, 957. In 
O'Clery's Irish Calendar his festival is set down 
under the 1 1 th of October, and it is stated 
that his principal church was Achadh-bo, and 
that he had another church at Cill-Righmonaidh 
(now St. Andrews) in Alba. From this saint, 
according to Archbishop Ussher, Primordia, 
p. 957, the toWn of Kilkenny, which is at this 
day pronounced in Irish Cill Chuinni j, i. e. cella 
smefanum Canicii, Canice.'s cell or church, takes 
its name. But Dr. Ledwich has attempted to 



show, without any authority, that Kilkenny is 
compounded of Kyle-ken-ui, which he interprets 
wooded head near the river ; but his Irish and 
translation are equally groundless ; and the 
error is the more inexcusable in this writer, as 
he had the grave authority of Ussher and others 
to guide him. See Lanigan's Ecclesiastical His- 
tory of Ireland, vol. ii. p. 202. 

1 Eachros : i. e. the Headland or Promontory 
of the Horses, now Aughris, a townland in 
which formerly stood a priory, situated in the 
north of the parish of Templeboy, barony of 
Tireragh, and county of Sligo. See Genealogies, 
Tribes, $c., of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 138. 

1 Huirisc : i. e. the Sea-plain, a district in 
the barony of Tireragh, and county of Sligo, 
extending from the River lascaigh [Easkey] 
eastwards to the stream which flows into the 
sea between the townlands of Ballyeskeen and 
Dunnacoy See Ordnance Map of the county 
of Sligo, sheet 12. See also Genealogies, Tribes, 
fyc., of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 257, note b , and the 
map to the same work. 

a Cinel- Cairbre. These were the race of 
Cairbre, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, 
Monarch of Ireland, who were at this period 
seated in the barony of Carbury, and county of 

Sligo, to which barony they gave name See 

Genealogies, Tribes, fyc. of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 279, 
line 1. 

b Cinel-Fiachrach ofMuirisc. These were the 






598.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



225 



The Age of Christ, 598. The fourth year of Aedh and Colman. St. Cain- 
nech, Abbot of Achadh-bo x , died on the llth of October, after having been 
eighty-four years in [this] life. The battle of Eachros y , in Muirisc", by Colman, 
chief of Cinel-Cairbre", against Maelcothaigh, chief of Cinel-Fiachrach, of Mui- 
risc b ; and the battle was gained over Maelcothaigh. 

The Age of Christ, 600. St. Comhgall, of Beannchair, abbot of Beannchair- 
Uladh c , died on the tenth day of the month of May, after having been thirty 
years, three months, and ten days, in the abbacy of Bangor. His age -was 
ninety years. St. Colman, son of Leinin d , died. St. Laisren, abbot of Mena- 
droichit", died. 



inhabitants of the barony of Tir-Fhiachrach, 
now Tireragh, in the county of Sligo. 

'Beannchair- Uladh : i. e. Beannchair of Ulidia, 
now Bangor, in the north-east of the county of 
Down. The word Beannchair, which frequently 
enters into the topographical names throughout 
Ireland, signifies horns, peaks, or pointed hills 
or rocks. The present place is said to have 
derived its name from a vast number of cows' 
horns, which were scattered about the plain 
on one occasion that Breasal Bealach, King of 
Leinster, encamped there, after having plun- 
dered Scotland See Reeves's Ecclesiastical An- 
tiquities of Down and Connor, &c., p. 200. 

For some account of St. Comhgall, who was 
a disciple of St. Fintan of Clonenagh, and the 
tutor of the celebrated Columbanus of Bobbio, 
and the founder of the great monastery of 
Beannchair, or Bangor, in Ard-Uladh (Ards, in 
the county of Down), the reader is referred to 
Ussher's Primordia, pp. 911, 956; Colgan's 
Acta Sanctorum, pp. 73, 541 ; Archdall's Monas- 
ticon Hiber., pp. 106-110; und Lanigan's Eccle- 
siastical History of Ireland, vol. ii. pp. 60, 66, 
et seq. Ware says that this place received its 
name from " White Choir" which he thinks is 
Banchor in Irish, but it is never so written by 
the Irish Annalists (SeeTighernach, ad ann.558) ; 
and, though Colgan and De Burgo seem to ap- 
prove of this interpretation, it is quite certain 

2 



that it is nothing more than an ingenious con- 
jecture. 

The Annals of Ulster record, " Quies Comguil 
Beanchuir," at the year 601 ; and the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise at 600, as follows : 

" A. D. 600. Cowgal, Abbot of Beanchor, in 
the 90th year of his age, and in the 50th year 
of his abbotship and three months, died." 

d St. Colman, son of Laisren. He was the first 
founder of the church of Cluain-Umha, now 
Cloyne, in Ui-Leithain, in the now county of 
Cork See Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, p. 309; 
and Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 573. 
Colgan says that he wrote a Life of St. Senanus 
of Inis-Cathaigh, of which he (Colgan) had a 
fragment, "stylo vetusto et pereleganti patrio ser- 
mone conscriptum." Acta Sanctorum, p. 339, 
n. 15. Ware says that this saint died on the 
4th of November, A. D. 608 : and hence Harris 
doubts whether " one Colman, the son of Lenin, 
whose festival was kept at Cloyne on the 24th 
of November, was the same as this bishop;" 
but he should have learned that the Feilire 
Aenguis, O'Clery's Irish Calendar, and all the 
Martyrologies, place the festival of the founder 
of the church of Cloyne under the 24th of 
November, and that the 4th is a mere inadver- 
tent mistake of Ware. 

Henadroichit : i. e. Mena Bridge. " Men no- 
men arnnis, -\ hi f-ai^ip aca, L e. Men, is the name 



226 



[600 



lap mbeic pe bliabna hi pighe nGpeann oQooh Slaine, mac Diapmacca, 
1 DO Colman Rimib, mac baecain, mic Hluipceapcaig, mic TTluipeaboij, mic 
Gogain, mic Nell, Do cfp ona Colman T?imib la Lochan Diolmana, copcaip 
Qob Slaine la Conall n^uiebinn, mac Suibne, mic Colmain TTloip, no bice, 
mic Diapmacca, mic Ceapbinll 05 Loch Semoibe. Qoo 5 u T >can > comalca 
Conaill, -| baochjal bile pon guinpfcop, conab oia noibeaohaib ap pubpab. 

Ceou pijhe ceou peachc, ceou nfpc pop piojpaba, 
GmD Colman T?imib pi, pombi Lochan Diolmana. 
Ni ba haipmipc ino aiple, DO na hocaibh Uuaib Uuipbe, 
Conall pombi Qob Slaine, Qooh Slaine pombu Suibne. 

Conall, mac Suibne, Din DO mapbab Qooha l?om, coipioch Ua pailge, hi 
paicce mic ITIencnam, -| Qooh buibe, coipeach Ua TTIaine, ipm 16 ceacna in 
po mapbab Qooh Slaine laip. Qp opopaicmfc na nechc pin po paibeab, 

ba po mop an puab cuma, pop piojpaio Gpeann uile, 

Qooh Slaine pa plua glonnac, Qooh l?6n agup Qooh buiohe. 

Clonmacnoise at 604, as follows : 

" A. D. 602. Omnia quee scripta stint in anno 
sequente, invent in libra Cuanach in isto esse per- 
fecta. A. D. 603. Jugidatio Colmain Kimedo, mic 
Baedain Brigi, mic Muircheartaich, mic Erca, 
mic Diarmada, mic Fergusa Cerrbeoil, mic Co- 
naill Cremthaine, mic Neill Naigiallaig, a viro de 
genere suo qui dictus est Lochan Dealmana. Ju- 
gulatio Aeda Slaine o Conall mac Suibne ; qui 
regnaverunt Temoria equali potestate simul. Ju- 
gidatio Aedo Roin, rex Nepotum Failgi, i Faetgi 
Maenaen, for bru Locha Seimdide. Aed Gustan, 
Comalta Conaill, ocus Baetan Bile ro gonsadar. 
Eodem die quo jugulalus est Aed Slaine, Aed 
Buidhi, ri Ciniuil Maine occisus est." Ann. Ult. 
" A. D. 604. King Colman Rivca was killed 
by one of his own near kinsmen named Lochan 
Delmanna ; and also King Hugh Slane was 
likewise killed by one Conell Guthvyn mac 
Swyne. Hugh Ron, prince of Offalley, and 
Hugh, prince of Imaine, were killed the same 
day by the self- same man." Ann. Clou. 



of a river which is in Laighis [Leix] " Feilire- 
Aenguis in the Ledbhar Breac, at 16th September. 
" PTIeana amm abann pil i Caijip, no 50 mab 6 
opoicfo pil pop an aoninn pin po hainmnijeao 
an baile," i. e. " Meana is the name of a river 
which is in Laighis, or it is from a bridge which 
is on that river the place is called." O'Clery's 
Calendar, 16th September. 

The place is now called Monadrehid, and is 
a townland in the south-west end of the plain 
of Magh-Tuathat, or parish of Offerrilan, about 
one mile north-east of Borris-in-Ossory, in 
the Queen's County. There are still some 
ruins of St. Laisren's church to be seen at this 
place. 

' Loch-Semhdid/ie, now Lough Sewdy, ad join- 
ing the ruined village of Ballymore-Loughsewdy, 
situated nearly midway between Athlone and 
Mulliugar, in the county of Westmeath. See 
note '', under A. D. 1450, p. 970. The slaying 
of these joint monarchs is recorded in the Annals 
of Ulster at the year 603, and in the Annals of 



600.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



227 



After Aedh Slaine, son of Diarmaid, and ColmanRimidh, son of Baedan, son 
of Muircheartach, son of Muireadhach, son of Eoghan, son of Niall, had been six 
vears in the sovereignty of Ireland, Colman Rimidh was slain by Lochan Dil- 
mana, [and] Aedh Slaine was slain by Conall Guithbhinn, son of Suibhne, son 
of Colman Mor, or Beg, son of Diarmaid, son of Cearbhall, at Loch Semhdidhe f . 
Aedh Gustan, the foster-brother of Coiiall, and Baethghal Bile, wounded him. 
Of their deaths was said : 

What is reign, what is law, what is power over chieftains ? 

Behold, Colman Rimhidh the King ! Lochan Dilmana slew him ! 

It was not a wise counsel for the youths of Tuath-Tuirbhe g ! 

Conall slew Aedh Slaine, Aedh Slaine slew Suibhne. 

Conall, son of Suibhne, slew Aedh Roin, chief of Ui-Failghe, at Faithche- 
mic-Mencnain h , and Aedh Buidhe, chief of Ui-Maine, on the same day on which 
Aedh Slaine was slain by him. To commemorate these events was said : 

Great was the bloody condition of all the Irish kings, 

Aedh Slaine of the valorous host, Aedh Roin, and Aedh Buidhe. 



The doom of Aedh Slaine is referred toby 
Adamnan in his Vita Columbce, lib. i. c. 14, where 
it is said to have been predicted by St. Columb- 
kille __ See note under A. D. 596, supra : 

" Nam post Suibneum filium Columbani dolo 
ab eo interfectum, non plus (ut fertur) quam 
quatuor annis et tribus mensibus regni con- 
cessa potitus est parte." On this Colgan writes 
the following note in Trias Thaum., p. 376, note 
54: 

" Mira consentione veritatem hujus prophetise 
indicant et confirmant Quatuor Magistri in An- 
nalibus: in quibus ista leguntur. 'Anno Christi 
596. Subneus JUius Colmani, seu Columbani coy- 
nomento parvi (Magni ut reor rectius) Princeps 
Media, interfectus est per Aidum Slane (Hibernia? 
Regern) in loco qui Bri-dham appellatur.' Et 
postea; Anno Christi sexcentessimo, Aidus Slane 
JUius Dierrnitii, et Colmanus Rimiedus, JUius Bai- 
tani, filii Murchertachi, JUii Muredachi, JUii Eu- 
genii; postquam sex annis reanassent occubuerunt; 

2 



Colmanus interfectus per Lochanum Diolmhain: 
Aldus vero, cognomento Slant, per Conallum Guth- 
bhinn fdium -Subnet juxta locum semdidhe.' Sic 
ergo foedo parricidio a sancto Columba hie prse- 
dicto ; Subneuna cognatum suum (erant enim 
duorum fratrum filli) anno 596, interfecit ; sic 
et ipse non amplius postea quam quatuor annis, 
et aliquot mensibus parte regni interea potitus 
(ut sanctus Columba praedixit) supervixit ; jus- 
teque a Conallo predict! Subnei filio, paterae 
csedis ultore, interemptus est." 

* Tuath-Tuirbhe : i.e. Turvey's Territory. 
This is a bardic name for Bregia, from Tuirbhe 
or Tiirvey, near Swords, in the county of Dub- 
lin __ See Petrie's Inquiry into the Origin and 
Uses of the Round Towers of Ireland, pp. 380, 
381. 

h Faithche mic Mencnain: i.e. the Green of 
the Son of Mencnan. This is called Faetgi Mae- 
naen in the Annals of Ulster (ubi supra), where 
it is stated that it is on the brink of Loch-Sem- 



228 



eii?eaNN. 



[601. 



GUI jan mdchaip, pi TTlurhan, oecc. Conall Cu, mac Gooa, mic Qinmipec, 
oecc. 

Goip Cpiopc, pe ceiD a haon. Qn ceio bliaDain oQo6 UaipioDnach, mac 
Oorhnaill llcealgoigh, mic TTluipcfpraich, mic TnuipeaDoigh, mic Gojaui, hi 
pije nGpeann. S. Laippen, .1. mac pfpaohai j, ab lae Coluim Cille, 065 an 
16 Do Sepcembep. Cach Slaibpe pia nllib Nell pop 6pan Oub, mac Gach- 
ach, pi Laijfn, ~| bpanoub, .1. mac Gachoac, Do mapbaD la haipcinDech Sen- 
boiche Sine, ] la a Deipbpine buDein, amail apbfpap, 



didhe, or Lough Sewdy. The name is now ob- 
solete, but it is clear that the green so called 
occupied the site of the present village of Bally- 
more-Loughsewdy. 

1 Cui-gan-mathair fyc., died. This is a mistake 
of the Four Masters, for this King of Munster 
lived till the year 664, q. v. They probably 
intended to have written that Cui-gan-mathair 
was born in this year. In the Annals of Ulster, 
at the year 603, the reading is Cui cen marujp 
m. e. an evident error of transcribers for Cm 
cen mucuip n. e. i. natus est. 

k Conall Cu Colgan thinks that this Conall 
Cu, i. e. Conallus Canis vel Ganinus, was Co- 
nall Clogach, who insulted St. Columbkille and 
his attendant at the National Convention at 
Druim-Ceat See more of him in O'Donnell's 
Life of Columbkille, lib. iii. c. 5 ; Trias Thaum., 
p. 431 ; and in Keating's History of Ireland, in 
the reign of Aedh mac Ainmirech. 

1 Aedh Uairidhnach : i. e. Hugh of the Shi- 
vering Disease (the ague?). The name is ex- 
plained in Dr. Lynch's translation of Keating's 
History of Ireland, as follows : 

" Uaridnachi cognomine ideo est affectus, 
quod adeo vehementi maligni frigoris impetu, 
per intervalla, correptus fuerit, ut si orbis uni- 
versi dominio frueretur, eo non gravate cederet, 
ea lege, ut morbi vis se, vel modice, remitteret. 
Vox enim Uairiodhnaigh perinde est ac readhgha 
fuara, quod reciprocum frigoris paroxysmum 
significat." 



m Laisren. He was the third abbot of lona, 
and is mentioned by Adamnan lib. i. c. 12, as 
son of Feradachus, and one of the companions 
of St. Columbkille ; on this Colgan has the fol- 
lowing note in Trias Thaum., p. 375, n. 51 : 

" Fuit hie Abbas Hiensis, et colitur 16 Sep- 
tembris juxta Sanctum jEngussium in Festilogio 
metrico, Martyrologium Tamlactense, Marianum 
Gormanum, Cathaldum Maguir, et Martyrolo- 
gium Dungallense. Feradachus vero ejus pater 
fuit Sancti Columbaj compatruelis, ut constat 
ex Sanctilogio Genealogico capite i. ubi ejus 
genealogia talis legitur. Sanctus Laisrenus, filius 
Feradachi, jUii Ninnedii, Jilii Fergussii, filii Co- 
nalli Gulbannii, fyc. Ninnedius enim ejus avus, 
fuit frater Fethlemidii, patris Sancti Columba;, 
juxta dicenda infra in Appendice quarta. De 
morte Sancti Laisrani, seu (ut alii loquuntur) 
Laisreni, sic scribunt Quatuor Magistri in An- 
nalibus; Anno Christi, 601, etprimo Aedi cogno- 
mento Huairiodhnach, JUii Domnaldi (Regis Hi- 
bernise) S. Laisrenus, Feradachi films, Abbas 
Hiensis obiit die 16 Septemb." 

Ussher, in his list of the abbots of lona, from 
its foundation till the year 7 1 (Primordia, pp. 
701, 702), omits this Laisren, and makes Ferg- 
naus the third abbot. 

n Slaibhre. The situation of this place is not 
defined in any of the Irish Annals, or in the his- 
torical tract called Borumha-Laighean. The notice 
of Bran Dubh's death is given in the Annals of 
Tighernach (Cod. Bodl. fol. 10, col. 2), and in 






601.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



2-29 



Cui-gan-mathair, King of Monster, died 1 . Conall Cu k , son of Aedh, son of 
Ainmire, died. 

The Age of Christ, 601. The first year of Aedh Uairidhnach 1 , son of 
Domhnall Ilchealgach, son of Muircheartach,son of Muireadhach, son of Eoghau, 
in the sovereignty of Ireland. St. Laisren, abbot of la-Coluim Cille, died on 
the 16th of September. The battle of Slaibhre" [was gained] by the Ui-Neill 
over Bran Dubh, son of Eochaidh, King of Leinster ; and Bran Dubh, i. e. son 
of Eochaidh, was killed by the Airchinneach of Senboithe-Sine p , and his own 
tribe, as is said : 



the Annals of Ulster, under the year 604, evi- 
dently from two different authorities, as fol- 
lows : 

" A. D. 604. Bellum Sleibre, in quo victus est 
Brandub mac Ethach. Nepotes Neill victores 
erant. Jugulatio Branduib (mic Eathach, mic 
Muireadaig, mic Aeda, mic Feidhlimid, mic 
Enna Ceinnsealaig, mic Labrada, mic Breasail 
Belaig, mic Fiacha Baicedha, mic Cathair Moir) 
Regis Laigin, o genere suo per dolum. xxx annis 
regnavit inLagenia; ocus a cath na Damcluanna 
ro marbhadh ; no go madh e Saran Saebderg .i. 
XHrcinnech Seanboite Sine ros mairfedh" [and 
in the battle of Damhcluain he was slain; or it 
was Saran Saebhderg, i. e. Oirchinneach of 
Seanboith Sine, that killed him] " ut poeta dixit: 

" Saran Saebderg Seol co se, Oircinneach Sean- 
boite Sine 

E, ni dalb gan brandal breth, ro marbh Bran- 
dub mac Eachach." 

In the Life of St. Maidoc of Ferns, published 
by Colgan at 31st January, the slayer of Bran 
Dubh is called " Quidam Comes Laginiensis." 
The passage run as follows : 

" Quidam Comes Laginiensis evertit fidem 
suam contra dominum suum, et jugulavit regem 
Laginensium, imo totus Hiberniae Brandubum 
filium Ethach, et illico inde rex obiit sine con- 
fessione, et divino viatico." 

On this passage Colgan has the following 



note, Ada Sanctorum, p. 20, note 43 : 

" Quoad jugulationem Brandubii per Sara- 
num Archenacum de Seanbhoth consentiuut 
Nehemias O'Duinn in Catalogo Regum Lageniae, 
et tres alii Anonymi, qui ne eisdem Regibus 
scripserunt. Brandubium autem esse prius in 
pugna (levictum ab O'Neillis, et mox a Sarano 
interfectum tradunt Quatuor. Magistri in Anna- 
libus ad annum 601, quo ita loquuntur ; O^Netti 
deeicerunt Brandubium Jilium Eochodii, Lageniae 
Regem, in prcelio Sldbrensi, qui et mox occisus est 
per Saranum Soebdherc Arcennacum deSeanbhoth- 
Sena, et per proprios suos cognates." 

Airchinneach : i. e. the hereditary warden of 
the church, usually anglicised Erenagh or He- 
renagh. 

f Senboth-Sine. Now Teampull-Seaubotha, 
anglice Templeshanbo, at the foot of Suidhe- 
Laighean, now Stuadh-Laighean, or Mount 
Leinster, in the barony of Scarawalsh, and 
county of Wexford. Its situation is described 
in the Life of St. Maidoc, c. xxvi., as follows : 

" Monasterium quod dicitur Seanbotha juxta 
radices montis qui dicitur Scotice Suighe Lagen, 
id est, Sessio Laginensium." 

On this passage Colgan writes the following 
note (A eta Sanctorum, p. 217, note 26): 

" Est hec Ecclesia in regione de Hy-Kinse- 
lach in dioecesi Fernensi : in ea que 27 Octobris 
colitur S. Colmanus Hua-Fiachrach, ut patronus 
juxta ^Engussium, Marianum et alios." 



230 



[602. 



Sapctn Soeboepc, peol 50 pe, aipcinneach Sfnboic Sine, 

6 nf oalb, gan bpanoul bpach, po mapb bpanoub, mac Gachach. 

Laijneach pampebac po paib inn po, 

TTlaD i mbfchaiD mic Gachach, Dom hipaD an cuaipcepcach, 
In each ima nuapachap, ap cian o DO puaipcfpcpaoh. 
Oiambaoh hi cpeb cuipeaDoig mac Gacach mic TDuipeaboij 
Mocha bfpoinn mo bolj Ian DO cill ap ai Qooha Qllan. 

Colman, mac peapaboij, coipioc Oppaije, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceo a DO. Qn Dapa bliaDain oQooh. 8. Smell, eppcop 
TTIaighe bile, Decc an ceo la DOcnobep. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceo a cfcaip. Qn cfcpamao blia&ain oQo6. piachpa 
Caoch, mac baooain, DO rhapbaD la Cpuirmu. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo a cuig. Qn cuicceaD bliaDain oQooh. S. beojhna, 
abb bCnocaip lap cComgall, 065 22 oQugupc. TTlolua, .1. LnghaiD, mac 
hUi Oiche, ceD abb Cluana pfpca Ulolua, 065. Seachnapach, mac 5 a P" 
bain, coipeach Ceneoil mbojame, Do rhapbaD la Oomnall, mac Qooha, mic 
Qmmipech. Conall an jae bfipcc, mac Oaimene, DO rhapbaD la hUib ITleic 
ITlaca. 



^SaranSaebhdhearc: i.e. Saran of the crooked, 
foul, or evil Eye. 

' Fidl sack, fyc. Dr. O'Conor translates this 
" Haberem nunc ventrem plenum usque ad os!" 
But this is evidently incorrect. The poem 
from which this extract is taken is ascribed by 
Tighernach to Cailleach Laighneach. It alludes 
to tribute unwillingly paid by the Leinstermen 
to the Monarch, Aedh Allan; for the author 
regrets that Bran Dubh was not alive to resist 
the incursion of that northern potentate. 

s Colman, son of Feradhach: He was the 
father of Scannlan, who is mentioned by Adam- 
nan, lib. i. c. 11, as a prisoner in the hands of 
Aldus, son of Ainmire, Monarch of Ireland, 
but liberated at the period of the Convention of 
Druim-Ceat, after which he reigned, according 
to his contemporary, Adamnan, for thirty years 
and three months. From Cinnfaela, the brother 



of this Colman, the family of Mac Gillaphadruig, 
anglice Fitzpatrick, are descended. 

* Magh-Ule : i. e. the Field or Plain of the 
ancient Tree, now Movilla, a village near New- 
town- Ards, in the county of Down, where St. 
Finnian, son of Ultach, founded a great mo- 
nastery in the sixth century. There is another 
Magh-bile near the western shore of Lough- 
Foyle, in the barony of Inishowen, and county 
of Donegal. See Colgan's Ada Sanctorum, 
pp. 637, 639, 641, 650. Dr. Lanigan, in his 
Ecclesiastical History of Ireland (vol i. p. 265), 
says : 

" In our Calendars, Martyrologies, and An- 
nals, Magh-bile is often mentioned, and in a 
general and absolute manner, without any allu- 
sion to a second monastery of that name. Ware 
was, therefore, right in making but one Magh- 
bile, or Movill, viz., that of Down, and ought 



602.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



231 



Saran Soebhdhearc q , a guide indeed ; Airchinneach of Seanboith Sine, 

Was he, it is no falsehood without bright judgment, who killed Bran Dubh, son 

of Eochaidh. 
A certain Leinsterman said the following: 

Were it in the time of the son of Eochaidh that the northern had come, 
From the battle which they gained, they would have been long panic-driven ; 
If in a pillared house were the son of Eochaidh, son of Muireadhach, 
I would not bring my full sack r to a church for the sake of Aedh Allan. 

Colman, son of Fearadhach 8 , chief of Osraighe [Ossory], died. 

The Age of Christ, 602. The second year of Aedh. St. Sinell, Bishop of 
Magh-bile 1 , died on the first day of October. 

The Age of Christ, 604. The fourth year of Aedh. Fiachra Caech", son 
of Baedan, was slain by the Cruithni. 

The Age of Christ, 605. The fifth year of Aedh. St. Beoghna, Abbot of 
Beannchair w [next] after Comhgall, died on the 12th of August Molua, i. e. 
Lughaidh Mac hlli-Oiche, first abbot of Cluain-fearta-Molua", died. Seachna- 
sach, son of Garbhan, chief of Cinel-Boghaine y , was slain by Domhnall, son of 
Aedh, son of Ainmire. Conall of the Red Dart, son of Dahnhin, was killed by 
the Ui-Meith-Macha z . 



to have been adhered to by Harris." 

In this observation Dr. Lanigan places too 
great a reliance on the authority of Ware ; for 
Colgan states that Magh-bile, in Inis Eoghain, 
which is the Domnach-bile of the Tripartite 
Life of St Patrick, lib. ii. c. 122, " Fuit olim 
monasterium haud ignobile." Trias Thaum., 
p. 181. 

In Colgan's time the latter was a parish 
church in the diocese of Derry. There are con- 
siderable ruins of this church still to be seen, 
and near it a high plain stone cross traditionally 
said to have been erected by St. Patrick, the 
original founder and patron of this church. The 
name of St. Finnian is not now remembered in 
connexion with this church, and it is highly 
probable that Magh-bile, in the county of 
Down only belonged to this saint. 



" Fiachra Caech. He was evidently the son 
of Baedan, King of Ulidia, who died in 585. 
The death of Fiachra is entered in the Annals 
of Ulster at the year 607- 

" Beannchair : i. e. Bangor, in the county of 
Down. 

1 Cluain-fearta- Molua See note *, under the 
year 571. The death of Lughaidh macc-U-Ochae 
is given in the Annals of Ulster at the year 608. 

>' Cinel-Boghaine: i. e. the Race of Enna Bogh- 
aine, second son of Conall Gulban, son of Niall 
of the Nine Hostages, who were seated in the 
present barony of Banagh, in the west of the 
county of Donegal See Battle of Magh-Rath, 
p. 156, note p . The death of this Seachuasach is 
entered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 608. 

' Ui-Meith-Macha These, who were other- 
wise called theUi-Meith-Tire, were the descen- 



232 



[606. 



Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo a pe. Qn peipeab blia6am oGoDh Uaipiobnach. 
S.Siollan, macCaimmin,abb bfnncaip,-) corhapbaCorhjail^Des sSpebpuapi. 
Qeoh anchopi. Qooh, mac Colgan, coipech Qipjjmll^ na nQipcfp apcfna, 
Decc, ma oilicpe hi cClucnn mic Noip. Qp Do Do pdiDeaD. 

l?o bai can, ba lino opban Loch Da Dam, 

Nf bui an loch ace ba hopoan, hi plaic Gooha, mic Colgan. 

Cuma oariinab tnuip capa pooam cup 

Cebe po cep cpibp cpeab', cpe imp Locha Da Dam. 

TTlaolumha, mac baecain, Deg. Colcca Ooilene, mac piachna, Deg. 
TYlaolDuin, mac Gilene, coipeac TTloghDopn TTlaijjfn, oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo a peachc. lap mbfic peachc mbliabna i pije 



dants of Muircadhach Meith, son of Imohadh, 
son of Colla Dachricb, and were seated in the 
present barony of Monaghan, in the county of 
Monaghan. See Colgari's Trias Thaum., p. 184, 
. n. If) ; and Leabhar-na-gCeart, pp. 148, 149, 
note ". The death of Conall mac Daimein is 
entered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 548. 

* Sillan His death is entered in the Annals 

of Ulster, in which he is called Sillan mac Cum- 
minn, and the Annals of Clonmacnoise, in which 
he is called Sillan ma Comyn, at the year 609. 
Colgan has collected all he could find of the 
history of this saint at 28th February, and cites 
his authorities in n. 8, as follows : 

" Anno 606, die 28 Febr. Ita citati Annales" 
[QuatuorMagistrorum] " adhunc annum dicen- 
tes Sillanus, films Commini, Abbas Bennchorensis, 
el ComorbanmS. Comgalli 28 dieFebruarii obiit. 

"Et quoad diem, consentiunt Sanctus ^Engus- 
sius in suo Festilogio ad eundem diem, dicens ; 
FestumS. Sillani Bennchorensis : Marian Gorman 
ejusve Scholiastes. Sillanus, Magister, filius Cu- 
meni, Abbas Benchori Ultoniensis, et Comorba- 
nus Comgalli. Mart. Taml. Sillanus Abbas, et 
Comorbanus Comgalli. Item Maguir, et Mart, 
Dungallen. ad eundem diem." Ada &'S., p. 424. 

b Aedh the anchorite " A. D. 609. Aidan, 



Anchorite, died, and Moyleowa mac Boydan, and 
Colgan Dolene mac Fieghna, all died." Ann. 
Clon. 

c Airtheara: i. e. Orientales or the inhabitants 
of the eastern part of Oirghialla. The name is 
still preserved in that of the baronies of Orior 
in the east of the county of Armagh. The 
chieftain Aedh, son of Colgan, is referred to in 
c. 1 6 of the Life of St. Mochteus, published by 
Colgan, at 24 Mart., on which Colgan has the 
following note in his Acta SS., p. 732 : 

" De morte hujus Aidi Oirgielliae Principis 
sic scribunt Quatuor Magistri in Annalibus, ad 
ann. 6, 06. Aidus filius Colgan Princeps Oirgielliee 
et Artheriorum (id est Orientalium Ultoniorum)" 
\_recte Orgielliorum] " in sua peregrinalione Clu- 
ainmucnosice decessit. Subduntur ibidem qui- 
dam versus patrio metro a quodam sinchrono 
scrip ti, quibus indicatur hunc Aidum abdicate 
regimine monasticum institutum amplexum 
esse, et virum eximise sanctitatis fuisse. Hujus 
pii Principis nomen posteritati celebratius reli- 
quit, ejusque familiam haud mediocriter nobili- 
tavit, et fratrum et filiorum ipsius eximia fas- 
tisque celebrata sanctitas. Habuit enim ger- 
manos fratres duos Baitanum, alias Boetanum, 
et Furadhranum ; filiosque quatuor, Magnen- 



606.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



233 



The Age of Christ, 606. The sixth year of Aedh Uairidhnach. St. Sillan 8 , 
son of Caimin, Abbot of Beannchair [Bangor], and successor of Comhgall, died 
on the 28th of February. Aedh the Anchorite* [died]. Aedh, son of Colgan, 
chief of Oirghialla and of all the Airtheara", died on his pilgrimage, at Cluain- 
mic-Nois. Of him was said : 

There was a time when Loch-da-damh d was a pool of splendour, 
The lake was [nothing else] but splendour in the reign of Aedh, son of Colgan. 
Indifferent to me who destroyed it ; my friend has abandoned it; 
Though it was he that placed a brilliant house upon the island of Loch-da-damh. 

Maelumha, son of Baedan, died. Colga Doilene, son of Fiachna, died. 
Maelduin, son of Ailen, chief of Mughdorn Maighean 6 , died. 

The Age of Christ, 607. After Aedh Uairidhnach had been seven years 



dum, scilicet, Tuanum, Cobhthachum, et Li- 
brenum ; sanctorum syllabo insertos, ut tes- 
tantur Sanctilogium Genealogicum, c. 13, et 
Selvacius de sanctorum Hibernise Genealogia, 
c. 11." 

d Loch-da-damh : i. e. Lake of the Two Oxen. 
This was evidently the name of a lake in Oirghi- 
alla, on an island in which the habitation of the 
chieftain, Aedh mac Colgain, was situated. It 
has not been yet identified. These verses, which 
Colgan understood to allude to the abdication of 
Aedh, are very obscure, as we do not know to 
what the writer exactly alludes. 

" Mughdorn Maighean Now the barony of 
Crioch-Mughdhorna, anglice Cremorne, in the 
county of Monaghan. It is supposed to have 
derived the addition of Maighen from the 
church of Domhnach-Maighen, now Donagh- 
moyne church. In the Annals of Ulster the 
death of this chieftain is entered at the year 
610, thus: 

"A. D. 610. Mors Maeileduin regis Mog- 
dornae." 

Colman Canis, the brother of this Maelduin, 
is mentioned by Adamnan ( Vita Columba;, lib. i. 
c. 43), as slain by Ronan, son of Aidus, son of 



Colgan of the tribe Arterii, i. e. the inhabitants 
of the present baronies of Orior, in the east of 
the ancient Oirghialla, who also fell in the same 
combat See note 198, supra. On this passage 
in Adamnan, Colgan has written the following 
note : 

" In parte Maugdornorum duo nobiles viri se 
mutuo mdneribus mortui sunt hoc est Colman Canis 
filius Aileni, et Ronanus filius Aidi, filii Colgan de 
Arteriorum genere, c. 43. De morte horum no- 
bilium nihil in nostris Annalibus reperio. De 
patre tamen unius et fratre alterius sequentia 
accipe ex Quatuor Magistris anno Christi 606, 
et sexto Aidi (Regis Hibernian) cognomento 
Huairiodhnach ; Aidus filius Colgan, Argiellia et 
Artheriorum Princeps pie oUit in sua peregrina- 
tione Cluainmucnosice : et Maelduinus filius Aileni 
Princeps Mugdornorum Maginensium decessit. 
Ronanus ergo filius Aidi filii Colgan de Arthe- 
riorum genere (de quo loquitur S. Adamnanus) 
fuit filius hujus Aidi filii Colgan Artheriorum 
Principis, et Colmanus ille cognomento Canis, 
vel potius Canus, filius Aileni, fuit frater hujus 
Maelduini, filii Aileni Mugdornorum principis. 
Genus enim et tempus in utrumque conspirant; 
cum unus paulo ante patrem, et alius ante fra- 



2H 



234 



[608. 



nGpeann bClobh Uaipiobnach acbacTi 05 Qch Da pfpca. Carh Obb'a pia 
nCtenjup, mac Colmain, bu in jio mapbab Conall Lao 6jifj, mac Ctooha, 50 
pochaibe moip ime, bia nebpab, 

Qn pee immullach O6ba, cea a jai bojpa m laep 
Oeichbip bi, CID olc a oenn, po baf mop cfnb ma cpaop. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceb a hochc. Ctn ceib bliabain DO TTlaolcoba, mac 
Gobha, mic Ginmipeach, hi pighe nGpeann. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo anaoi. Qn oapa blia&am bo TTlaolcoba. S. Uolua 
POCO, abb Cluana mic Noip, beg. Seannach, abb Qpba TTlacha, 6 Cluain 
Ua n^pici boipibe, -| a ecc. 

Ctoip Cpiopc, pe ceb a beich. 8. Colman Gala, abb bec^ 26 bo Sep- 



trem suum fuerit extinctus." Trias Thaum., 
p. 379, n. 91. 

' Ath-da-fearta : i. e. Ford of the two Graves, 
or of the two Miracles. This place is unknown 
to the Editor. In the Annals of Ulster and 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise the death of this 
Monarch is given thus : 

"A. D. 611. Mors Aedo Jttii Domhnaill regis 
TemTo."Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 609" [ra:<e611]. "Hugh Orinagh 
reigned seven years and then died." 

* Odhbha See note ', under A. M. 3502, 
p. 31, supra. 

h Aenghus, son of Colman. This is the person 
called Oengusius filius Aido domain, in the 
printed editions of Adamnan's Vita Columb., 
lib. i. c. 13. See note e , under the year 616. 

1 Great head. This quatrain is evidently 
quoted from a poem on this battle by a poet 
who saw the head of Conall Laegh Breagh 
thrown upon the whitethorn bush on the sum- 
mit of the mound of Odhbha, and who viewed 
the bush with horror, as it held the head of a 
prince in its mouth! The first part of the 
figure is correct, but the latter part is wild in 
the extreme, as giving a mouth to a whitethorn 
bush. The whole quatrain may be easily im- 



proved thus : 

" Q See a mullac ObBa, 5516 DO jai oojjpa ni 

lair 

t)eirBip mnc jup olc DO oenn, po bai mop 
cenn ap oo jaib." 

" Thou lonely thorn on Odhbha's top, although 

thy javelins thou dost not throw, 
Still is thy aspect truly hideous, thou piercedst 
once a lordly head with thy spears." 

The battle of Odhbha is noticed in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise at the year 609, and in the 
Annals of Ulster at 611. 

k Maelcobha In the Annals of Ulster his 
accession is mentioned under the year 611, and 
in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 609, thus : 

" A. D. 611. Bellum Odb re nOengus mac 
Colmain, in quo cecidit Conall Laegbreag filius 
Aedo Slaine. Maelcoba regnare incipit hoc anno." 
Ann. Ult. Cod. Clarend., torn. 49. 

" A. D. 609. Moyle Cova succeeded next and 
reigned five years. The battle of Ova was given, 
where Conell Loybrey mac Hugh Slane was 
killed by Enos mac Colman." Ann. Clon. 

O'Flaherty places the accession of Malcovus 
Clericus in 612, which is the true year. See 
ia, p. 431. 



608.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



235 



in the sovereignty of Ireland, he died at Ath-da-fe#rta f . The battle of Odhbha*, 
by Aenghus, son of Colman h , wherein was slain Conall Laegh-Breagh, son of 
Aedh [Slaine], with a great number about him, of which was said : 

The whitethorn on top of Odhbha, though its sharp darts it throws not, . 
Lawful for it that its aspect should be evil : there was a great head 1 in its mouth. 

The Age of Christ, 608. The first year of Maelcobha", son of Aedh, son 
of Ainmire, in the sovereignty of Ireland. 

The Age of Christ, 609. The second year of Maelcobha. St. Tolua Fota 1 , 
Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, died. Seanach m , Abbot of Ard-Macha, died ; he was 
of Cluain-Ua-nGrici n . 

The Age of Christ, 610. St. Colman Eala, i. e. Mac-Ui-Selli, abbot, died 



1 Tolua Fota : i. e. Tolua the Tall. " A. D. 
613. Tolfa Fota, Abbas Cluanse mac Cunois 
pausat. Stella" [comata] " visa est hora octavo, 
diei." Ann. Ult. 

This Tolu or Tolfa succeeded Aelithir, third 
abbot of Clonmacnoise, who was living in the 
year that Columbkille attended the Synod of 
Druim-Ceat. See Adamnan's Vita Columb., 
lib. i. c. 3. 

m Seanach He succeeded in 598 and died in 

610. He is set down among the Archbishops 
of Armagh, in the catalogue of those prelates 
preserved in the Psalter of Cashel. Ussher 
(Primord., p. 966) makes him the last of the 
third order of holy bishops, or bishops dignified 
by the name of saints. Colgan omits him alto- 
gether in his Annals of Armagh (Trias Thaum., 
p. 293), and makes Mac Lasrius succeed Eucho- 
dius, who died in 597 [598] See Harris's 
edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 39- 

" Cluain-Ua-nGrici : i.e. the Lawn, Meadow, 
or insulated Pasturage of the [tribe of] Ui- 
Grici. This place, which would be called in 
the anglicised form Cloonygreek, is unknown 
to the Editor. 

Colman Eala. His death is entered in the 
Annals of Ulster under the year 10; but in the 

2 



Annals of Clonmacnoise under 609, as follows: 

"A. D. 610. Quies Colmani Elo. Sic est in 
libra Cuanach." Ann. Ult. 

" A.D. 609. Saint Colman Ealla mac Wihealla, 
in the 56th year of his age, died." Ann. Clon. 

The festival of this saint is set down in the 
Feilire-Aenguis, and in O'Clery's Irish Calendar, 
at 26th September ; in the latter as follows : 

" Colman ala, abb 6 tamn Gala. 84 
bliaona ajuf 000500 a aoip an can po paoto 
a ppiopao DO cum nirhe anno oomim 610." 

" Colman Eala, abbot of Lann-Eala" [Ly- 
nally], " Fifty-six years was his age when he 
resigned his spirit to heaven, in the year of our 
Lord 610." 

Adamnan mentions this saint in his Vita Co- 
lumb., lib. i. c. 5, where he calls him " Colma- 
nus Episcopus Mac-U-Sailne," from his tribe 
name; and lib. ii. cc. 13, 15, where he calls 
him " Columbanus filius Beognai" from his 
father Beogna. Colgan, who intended giving a 
life of him at 26th September, has the following 
note on the lib. i. c. 5, of Adamnan, Trias 
Thaum., not. 32 : 

" S. Colmani Episcopi Mac- U-Sailne, c. 5. 
Eundem mox vocat Columbanum fiUum Beogna. 
Est hie Colmanus 9 loco Lann-Ela dicto (in 
H2 



236 



[611. 



cembep ipm peipfo blia&ain ap caogair a aoipi. Neman, abb Lip moip, 
Decc. 

lap mbeirh ceojia mbliaDan i pije nGpeann DO TTlaolcoba, mac Goba, 
mic Qinmipec, DO ceap la Suibne TTleann, hi ccach Slebe Uoab. Ponan, 
mac Colmain, pi Laijfn 065. ^opman DO TTUijDopnaib, 6 ccaD TTleic Cumn, 
ape po boi bliabam pop uipce Uiobpaic pinjin, ~\ ma ailirpe i cCluain mic 
Noip, acbach. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceo a haon nDecc. Qn ceio blia&ain Do Smbne TTleann, 
mac piachna, mic pfpaohaij;, hi pighe uap Gpinn. Gcclap bfnncaip UlaD 
DO Lopccab. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo a Do Decc. Qn Dapa bliabam Do Suibne. pioncam 
Oencpeib, abb bfnocaip, Decc. ConDepe DO lopccaoh. papughab Uopaighe 
la mupcoblach muipibe. 



quo monasterium extruxit) vulgo Colman-Ela ; 
et hinc latine a multis Colmanellus appellatus. 
Vide ejus vitam ad 26 Semptemb. in qua c. 1, 
vocatur filius Beogna, ut hie. Vide ejus genea- 
logiam in Notis ad eandem vitam, in qua et 
filius Beagna, et de stirpe Salii seu Salnii, filii 
Clithradii, oriundus fertur;" ut hinc intelligas 
quare hie in titulo cap. 5. Mocu-Sailne, id est, 
de progenie Salnii vocetur. In vita S. It, ad 
15 Januar. c. 21, menioratur quomodo hie 
Sanctus Colmanus, sive (quod idem est) Colum- 
banus, navigaverit ad S. Columbam in Hiensi 
insula commorantem ; et quod ibidem factus 
fuerit Episcopus. De ejus morte, state, festo, 
et genere Quatuor Magistri in Annalibus hsc 
habent : Anno Christi sexcentessimo decimo et 
Mokobae Regis tertio, Sanctus Colmanellus Abbas, 
obiit. 26 Septemb. cetatis suce quinquagessimo sexto: 
De Dal Sellii (id est de stirpe) Sallii fuit oriun- 
dus." 

Ussher gives a curious extract from the Life of 
Colmanus Elo (Primord., p. 960), and describes 
the situation of his church as follows: 

" Hodie Lin-alli locus ille vocatur in comitatu 
Regio, quatuor milliarium spatio a Dearmachano 
Columbs csenobio" [Durrow] " dissitus : ubi 



inter choi-um sanctorum virorum (ut in fine vitas 
illius additur) sanctissimus senex Sexto Kalen- 
das Novembris" [Octobris?] "feliciter ad Chris- 
tum emisit spiritum ; anno salutis, ut ex Cua- 
nacho Chronographo Hibernico Ultonienses 
Annales referunt, DCX." 

For the situation of Lann-Ealla or Lynally, 
in the King's County, see note b , under A. D. 
1533, p. 1414. 

p Lis-mor NowLismore, on theRiver Black- 
water, in the west of the county Waterford. This 
is the second Abbot of Lismore mentioned in 
these Annals before St. Carthach or Mochuda. 
See note under the year 588, and Archdall's 
Monasticon Hibernicum, p. 691. 

i Sliabh Toadh See note h , under A. D. 291, 
p. 122, supra. In the Annals of Ulster the death 
of this monarch is entered under the year 614, 
and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 613, as 
follows : 

" A. D. 614. Jugulatio Maelcobo mac Aedo 
in bello mantis Belgadain, alias i car Sleitie 
cpuim cuoc" [in the battle of Sliabh Truim 
Tuoth], " Suibne Menn victor erat." 

" A. D. 613. King Moycova was slain in Shew- 
Twa by Swyne Meann." Ann. Clon. 



611.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



237 



on the 26th of September, in the fifty-sixth year of his age. Neman, Abbot of 
Lis-mor p , died. 

After Maelcobha, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, had been three years in the 
sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Suibhne Meann, in the battle of Sliabh 
Toadh q . Ronan, son of Colman, King of Leinster, died. Gorman r , [one] of the 
Mughdhorna, from whom are the Mac Cuinns, and who was a year [living] on 
the water of Tibraid-Fingin 8 , on his pilgrimage at Cluain-mic-Nois, died. 

The Age of Christ, 611. The first year of Suibhne Meann, son of Fiachna, 
son of Fearadhach, in sovereignty over Ireland. The church of Beannchair- 
Uladh 1 was burned. 

The Age of Christ, 612. The second year of Suibhne. Fintan of Oentrebh", 
Abbot of Beannchair, died. Connere* [Connor] was burned. The devastation 
of Torach* by a marine fleet. 



For the situation of Sliabh Truim see note *, 
under A. D.I 275, p. 424. 

' Gorman. He was of the sept of Mugh- 
dhorna, who were seated in the present barony 
of Cremorne, in the county of Monaghan, and 
was the ancestor of the family of Mac Gorman, 
otherwise called Mac Cuinn ua mBocht, Ere- 
naghs of Clonmacnoise, in the King's County. 
In the Annals of Tighernach, the death of this 
.Gorman is entered under the year 758. 

' Tibraid-Finghin : i. e. St. Finghin's Well. 
This well still bears this name, and is situated 
near Teampull Finghin, at Clonmacnoise, and 
near the brink of the Shannon, by whose waters 
it is sometimes concealed in winter and spring. 
See Petrie's Inquiry into the Origin, fyc., of the 
Hound Towers of Ireland, p. 265. In Mageoghe- 
gan's Annals of Clonmacnoise, this passage 
about Gorman is given as follows : 

" A. D. 613. This year came in pilgrimage 
to Clonvicknose one Gorman, and remained 
there a year, and fasted that space on bread and 
the water of Fynin's well. He is ancestor to 
Mic Connemboght and Moynter-Gorman, and 
died in Clone aforesaid." 

Under this year (610) the Annals of Ulster 



contain the following passage, omitted by the 
Four Masters: 

"A. D. 610. Fulminatus est exercitus Uloth 
.i. mBairche fulmine terribili." 

" A. D 610. The army of Uladh was smote 
in Bairche" [the Mourne Mountains] " with 
terrific thunder." 

1 Beannchair- Uladh Now Bangor, in the 
county of Down. " Combustio Benchoir" is en- 
tered in the Annals of Ulster under the year 614; 
but in the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 613. 

u Oentrebh. This is the ancient form of the 
name of the town of Antrim, from which the 
county was named. It is to be distinguished 
from Oendruim, which was the ancient name of 
Mahee Island in Loch Cuan, or Strangford 
Lough, in the county of Down. See Reeves's 
Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and Connor, $-c., 
pp. 63, 277, 278. In the Annals of Ulster, 
" Quies Fintain Oentraib, Abbatis Benchair," is 
entered under the year 612; and in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise the death of Fyntan of Intreive 
is entered under 6 1 3. 

" Connere "A. D. 616. Gopcuo Conoipt, 
i. e. the burning of Connor." Ann. Ult. 

1 Torach : i. e. lowery, or consisting of towers 



238 awNQ^a Rio^hachca eiraeciNN. [613. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceo a cpi t)6cc. Qn cpeap bliabain Do Suibne. Colccu, 
mac Suibne, Do mapbab,-] bap piachach, mic Conaill, in bliabam pin. pfpgup , 
mac Colmdin ITloip, plaich TThbe, DO mapbab la hQnpapcach Ua TTlfpcan Oo 
TTluincip blainne. Qp Do pn ap pubpaD innpo : 

ITla Dom ipaohpa com reach, hUa TTIfpcain Qnpapeach, 
Uipce oopbach Do bep Do, po birh gona peapgopa* 
Cep ran DO copac buibne ceneoil Colmdin pech Cuilne, 
lap m\ poipfc Di puioe, Sil TTlfpcam im blaicmiu. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceo a cfcaip Decc. Qn cfcpamab bliaDain DO Suibne. 
S. Caerhan bpfcc, 6 17op each, oecc, an cfcpamaD la Decc Do Sepcembep. 
Cfooh bfnoan, pi lapmuman, Decc. Qp Do popairmfc a bccip ap pubpaD : 

QoDh bfiiDan, Don Goganacc lapluachaip, 

Qp maipg peooa Dianao pi, cenmaip rfp Dianac buachail. 

Q pciarh an ran po cpocha, a bfoobaoa pucbocha, 

Cepa beccan [bee ace] pop a mum, ap Dioiu Don lapmumain. 



, mac piacpach, 065. 
Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo a cuij Decc. Qn cuijjeaD bliaDain Do Suibne. Qilill, 
mac baecdin, TTlaolDuin, mac pfpjupa, mic baocdin, -\ Diucolla DO mapba6 
hi Tnuigh Slechc, hi ccpich Connachc. Oo cenel mbaordin, mic TTluipcfpcoij 
Doib. piachpa, mac Ciapain, mic Qinmipe, mic Seona, 065. Carh Cfno- 
5aba. 

or tower-like rocks, now Tory Island, off the of " Coeman Bread" is given under the year 

north-west coast of Donegal See note f , A. M. 614. In the Feilire-Aenguis and O'Clery's Irish 

3066, and note s , under A. M. 3330. Calendar the festival of Colman Breac is given 

1 Colgu, fyc These entries are given in the at 14th September; and it is stated that his 

Annals of Ulster at the year 617, as follows : church is situated in Caille-Follamhain, in 

"A. D. 617. Jugulatio Colggen mic Suibne, Meath. There are some ruins of this church 

et mors Fiachrach mic Conaill, et Jugulatio Per- still extant. 

gusa filii Colmain Magni, .1. la Anfartuch hU- a Aedh Beannan __ He is the ancestor of the 

Mescain do Muintir-Blatine." family of O'Muircheartaigh, now anglice Mori- 

z Ros-each : i. e. Wood of the Horses, now arty, who, previously to the English invasion, 

Kussagh, near the village of Street, in the ba- were seated to the west of Sliabh Luachra, in 

rony of Moygoish, in the north of the county of the present county of Kerry See note ', under 

Westmeath. In the Annals of Ulster the death A. D. 1583, p. 1793. His death is entered in 



613.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 239 

The Age of Christ, 613. The third year of Suibhne. Colgu 5 ', son of 
Suibhne, was killed ; and the death of Fiacha, son of Con, all [occurred] in 
this year. Fearghus, son of Colman Mor, Prince of Meath, was slain by Anfar- 
tach Ua Meascain, of Muintir-Blaitine, of which these lines were composed : 

If he should come to my house, Ua Meascain Anfartach, 
Poisoned water I will give to him, for the slaying of Fearghus. 
Whatever time the forces of the race of Colman shall inarch by Cuilne, 
After a month they will put from their seat the Sil-Meascain, with the Blaitini. 

The Age of Christ, 614. The fourth year of Suibhne. St. Caemhan Breac, 
of Ros-each z , died on the fourteenth day of September. Aedh Beannan", King 
of West Munster, died. To commemorate his death was said : 

Aedh Beannan, of Eoghanacht-Iar-Luachair, 

Woe to the wealth of which he was king ! Happy the land of which he was 

guardian. 

His shield when he would shake, his foes would be subdued ; 
Though it were but on his back, it was shelter to West Munster.. 

Finghin, son of Fiachra b , died. 

The Age of Christ, 615. The fifth year of Suibhne. Ailill, son of Baedan; 
Maelduin, son of Fearghus, son of Baedan ; and Diucolla, were slain in Magh- 
Slecht", in the province of Connaught. They were of the race of Baedan, son 
of Muircheartach. Fiachra, son ofCiaran, son of Ainmire, son of Sedna, died. 
The battle of Ceann-gabha". ' 

the Annals of Ulster under the year 618, and "A. D. 619- Occisio generis Baetain .i. Aililla 

in the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 619, mic Baetain, oc Magh-Sleucht hi Connacht, ecus 

which is the true year. Maelduin mic Fergusa mic Baetain, ocus mors 

b Finghin, son of Fiachra. In the Annals of Fiachrach, mic Ciarain, filii Ainmirech, mic 

Ulster the death of Aedh Beannain and of Fin- Setni." 

ghin mac Fiachrach are entered under the year "A. D. 619- The killing of the Race of 

618. Baetan, i.e. of Ailill, son of Baetain, at Magh- 

Magh-Slecht. A plain in the barony of Sleacht, in Connaught, and of Mailduin, son of 

Tullyhaw, and county of Cavan. See note a , Fearghus, son of Baetan ; and the death of 

under A. M. 3656, p. 43, suprd. In the An- Fiachra, son of Ciaran, son of Ainmire, son of 

nals of Ulster this passage is given as follows at Sedna." 
the year 619: d Ceann-galha. This is probably a mistake 



240 



[616. 



Qoip Cpiopc, ye ceo ape oecc. Qn peipeab bliabain DO Suibne. Qengup, 
mac Colmam TTloip, plaich Ua Nell an Depceipc, 065. 

Cumoach ecclaipe Copaighe la Cenel gConaill, lap na oiorhldirpiugab 
pecc piarh. Ounchab mac Gojanain, Neachcain mac Canainri, Qeoh [oecc]. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceo a peachc Decc. Qn peachcmab bliabam Do Suibne. 
8. Caoimjin, abb 5^ lnDe Da locha, Decc an 3 lum, lap ccaiceam pichfc ap 
ceo blia&ain oaoip 50 pin. Comgall eppcop, i Goghan, eppcop Racha Siche, 
Decc. Cach Cmo oeljrfn pia cConall, mac Suibne,-) pia nOorhnall mbpeac, 
DU in po mapbab Da mac Libpen, mic lollainn, mic CfpbaiU. TTlaolbpacha, 
mac ftimfoa, mic Colmam, mic Cobraij.i Qilill, mac Cellaij, 065. 

Cach Cinojuba (no Cirin bujba) pia Rajallac, mac Uarrach, pop Col- 
man mac Cobcai (achaip ) uai l ie Ctioline) aipm in po mapbaD Colman 
buoepin. Colsa, mac Ceallaij, 065. Qilill, mac Ceallaij, 065. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo a hochr Decc. Qn cochcrha6 bliaoain Do Suibne. 
S. Siollan, eppcop -\ abb TTlaighe bile, Decc an 25 DO Qugupc. Libep, abb 



for Ceann-gubha. See note a , under A. D. 
106, p. 101. 

e Aenghus, son of Colman Mor This prince 
is mentioned by Adamnan in his Vita Columb., 
lib. i. c. 13, but in the printed copies of Adam- 
nan's work his name is incorrectly given, " De 
Oengussio filio Aido Commani." See Colgan's 
note on this passage ( Trias Thaum., p. 376, n. 52), 
where he thinks that Commani should be Col- 
mani. See the year 607. In the Annals of 
Ulster his death is entered under the year 620 ; 
and in the Annals of Cloninacnoise under 619: 

" Jugutatio Aengusa mic Colmain Magni, 
Regis Nepotum Neill." Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 619- Enos, son of Colman More, was 
killed. He was called King of the O'Neals." 
,Ann. Clon. 

' Torach: i. e. Tory Island See note under 
the year 6 1 2. 

8 Dunchadh, fyc The obits of these three 

persons, which are left imperfect in the two 
Dublin copies, and in O'Conor's edition, are 
given in the Annals of Ulster under the year 



620, as follows: 

" A. D. 620. Duncath mac Eugain, Nechtan 
mac Canonn, et Aed obierunt." 

^Caemhghin "Nomen illud latine pulchrum 
gentium sonare vita? scriptor annotat." Ussher, 
Primord., p. 956. This name is now usually 
anglicised Kevin. His death is entered in the 
Annals of Tighernach at the year 618: "e.jrz . 
anno (etatis suce ;" and in the Annals of Ulster 
at 617. The Life of this saint has been pub- 
lished by the Bollandists at 3rd June. 

1 Gleann-da-locha: i. e. the Valley of the Two 
Lakes, now Glendalough, in the barony of North 
Ballinacor, and county of Wicklow, For a 
description of the churches and other remains 
at Glendalough, the reader is referred to Petrie's 
Inquiry into the Origin and Uses of the Round 
Towers of Ireland, pp. 168-183, and p. 445. 

k Rath-Sithe: i. e. Fort of the Fairy Hill, now 
Eathshee, a parish in the barony and county of 
Antrim. See the Ordnance Map of that county, 
sheet 45. In the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, 
part ii. c. 133, the foundation of this church is 



616] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 241 

The Age of Christ, 616. The sixth year of Suibhne. Aenghus, son of 
Colman Mor e , chief of the Southern Ui-Neill, died. 

The [re-]erection of the church of Torach' by the Cinel-Conaill, it having 
been destroyed some time before. Dunchadh g , son of Eoghanain ; Neachtan, 
son of Canann ; Aedh [died]. 

The Age of Christ, 617. The seventh year of Suibhne. St. Caemhghin h , 
Abbot of Gleann-da-locha 1 , died on the 3rd of June, after having spent one hun- 
dred and twenty years of his age till then. Comhgall, a bishop, and Eoghan, 
Bishop of Eath-Sithe k , died. The battle of Ceann-Delgtean 1 by Conall, son of 
Suibhne, and Domhnall Breac, wherein were slain the two sons of Libren, son 
of Illann, son of Cearbhall. Maelbracha m , son of Rimeadh, son of Colman, son 
of Cobhthach, and Ailill, son of Ceallach, died. 

The battle of Ceann-Gubha 11 (or Ceann-Bughbha) [was gained] by Ragh- 
allach, son of Uadach, over Colman, son of Cobhthach (the father of Guaire 
Aidhne), where Colman himself was slain. Colga , son of Ceallach, died. 
Ailill p , son of Ceallach, died. 

The Age of Christ, 618. The eighth year of Suibhne. St. Sillan, Bishop 
and Abbot of Magh-bile [Movilla], died on the 25th of August. Liber, Abbot 

attributed to the Irish Apostle. In the Annals m Maelbracha "A.D. 621. Mors Maelbracha, 

of Tighernach the deaths of Bishop Comhgall mic Eimedho, mic Colmain filii Cobtaig." Ann. 

and of Eoghan, Bishop of Rath-Sithe, are en- Ult. 

tered under the year 618; in the Annals of Ceann-Grubha, or Ceann-Bughbha. This 

Ulster at 6 17. In the Annals of Clonmacnoise place is now called Ceann-Bogha, anglice Cambo, 

Eoghan is called " Owen, Bishop of Ardsrathy" and is situated a short distance to the north of 

(Ardsratha, now Ardstraw, in the county of the town of Roscommon, in the county of Ros- 

Tyrone). common See Genealogies, Tribes, fyc,, of Hy- 

1 Ceann- Delgtean This place is unknown to Fiachrach, p. 313, note c . In the Annals of 

the Editor. This battle is mentioned in the Ulster, " Bellum Cenn Buigi, in quo cecidit 

Annals of Ulster, at the year 621, as follows : Colman mac Cobtaig," is entered under the year 

" A. D. 621. Bellum Cinn-Delggden. Conall 621. 

mac Suibhne victor erat. Duo filii Libreni mac Colga "A. D. 621. Mors Colggen mic 

Illandonn, mic Cerbaill cecidei-unt. Conaing mac Ceallaig." [The death of Colgan, son of Ceal- 

Aedain demersus est." lach.] Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 621. The battle of Cinn-Delgden. p Ailill. "A.D. 621. Jugulatio Ailillo mic 

Conall, son of Suibhne, was the conqueror. Ceallaig." [The slaying of Ailill, son of Ceal- 

Conaing, son of Aedhan, was drowned." lach.] Ann. Ult. 

2 i 



242 



[619- 



Clchaib bo Cainnijh. l?ach n^uala Do lopccao la piachna, mac baocam, 

conaD ann apbepc piachna : 

T?o gab cene l?ach n^uala, capca biucca can huaoha, 
SuaichniD inneopc ap abao, ni buim Dia congabab. 
T?o jab cene Rach n^uala capca biucca can huaoe, 
Qp Dian a&annac inO uilc ceniD i pRaich Qo6a builc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD anaoi Decc. Q naoi Do Suibne. Ooip mac Gooha 
Qllainn Do mapbaD la pailbe plann pmbaD, amail apbepc pfipin, 

Ce cliana Dampa gum Ddip, ap ni puba Oaipene, 
Qp ann po oipc each a Doel, 6 po oipcc a ouilene. 

17o mapbaD pom laparh a nDiojail Oaip. Ctcbepc a mdcaip acca eccafne : 

6a gum pai'p, ni ba cojail Inpe Gail, 

Om comae jdip na mbiDbaD, im cfno pailbe plaino pmbaD. 

176nan, mac Colmain, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo a piche. Qn DeachmaD bliabam DO Suibne. Sean- 
ach 5 a r^> a bb Cluana pfpca bpenamn, Decc. Colman mac Coingellain 
Decc. Ronan, mac Uuachail, cijfpna na nQipcep, Dej. Copbmoc Caom, ~\ 
lollann, mac piachpach, Decc. TTlongan, mac piachna Cupgan, Do map- 



q Achadh-bo-Cainnigh Pronounced Aghabo- 
Kenny, i. e. Aghabo of St. Canice, or Kenny, 

now Aghabo, in the Queen's County See note *, 

under the year 598. In the Annals of Ulster the 
deaths of these abbots are entered under this year, 
but in the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 619. 

r Rath-Guala. Fiachna, son of Baedan, who 
burned this fort, was King of Ulidia for thirty 
years, and was slain in 622. Rath-Guala is 
probably the place now called Rathgaile, near 
the town of Donaghadee, in the county of Down. 
In the Annals of Ulster this event is entered 
under the year 622 : " Expugnatio Ratha Guali 
la [per] Fiachna mac Baetain." 

" Aedh Bole He was probably the owner of 
Rath-Guala. 

1 Doir." A. D. 623. Jugidatio Dair mic Aeda 



Aldain." Ann. UU. 

This Doir was the son of Aedh Allann, or 
Aedh Uairidhnach, as he is more generally 
called, Monarch of Ireland from 605 to 612, and 
the person after whom Gaeth-Doir, now Gwee- 
dore Bay, in the barony of Boylagh, and county 
of Donegal, was called. This is clear from the 
contiguity of Inis-Caeil, where Failbhe Flann 
Fidhbhadh was killed in revenge of Doir. 

" Inis-Cail : L e. the Island of Conall Gael, now 
Iniskeel, an island near the mouth of Gweebarra 
Bay, in the barony of Boylagh, and county of 
Donegal See note ", under A. D. 161 1, p. 2372. 

" Eojian, son of Colman. " A. D. 623. Mors 
Ronain mic Colmain ; et Colman Stellain o6n<." 
Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 619- Ronan mac Colman and Colman 



619.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 243 

of Achadh-bo-.Cainnigh q , [died]. Eath-Guala r was burned by Fiachna, son of 

Baedan, of which Fiachna said : 

Fire caught Rath-Guala, little treasure will escape from it, 

The force which caused it is manifest ; it was not from one spark it caught it ; 

Fire caught Rath-Guala, little treasure will escape from it ; 

Vehemently their evils kindle fire in the fort of Aedh Bole 8 . 

The Age of Christ, 619. The ninth year of Suibhne. Doir 1 , son of Aedh 
Allainn, was slain by Failbhe Flann Fidhbhadh, as he [Failbhe] himself said : 

What advantage to me is the slaying of Dair, as I did not slay Dairene ? 
It is then one kills the chaffer, when he destroys his young ones. 

He was afterwards killed in revenge of Doir. His [Failbhe's] mother said, 
lamenting him : 

It was the mortal wounding of a noble, not the demolition of Inis-cail", 
For which the shouts of the enemies were exultingly raised around the head of 
Failbhe Flann Fidhbhadh. 

Ronan, son of Colman w , died. 

The Age of Christ, 620. The tenth year of Suibhne. Seanach Garbh, 
Abbot of Cluain-fearta-Breanainn [Clonfert], died. Colman, son of Coimgellan*, 
died. Ronan, son of Tuathal, Lord of the Airtheara y , died. Cormac Caemh 
and Illann, son of Fiachra, died. Mongan, son of Fiachra Lurgan", was killed 

Stellan died." Ann. Clon. * Mongan, son of Fiachna Lurgan This and 

" Colman, son of Coimgellan. He is mentioned the foregoing obits are entered in the Annals of 

in O'Donnell's Life of St. Columbkille, lib. ii. Ulster at the year 624 (era com. 625), as fol- 

c. 10, as an infant at the time that Columbkille lows: 

visited his father's house in Dal-Riada, when " Annus tenebrosus. Aedan mac Cumascaig, 

the saint took him up in his arms, kissed him, et Colman mac Congellain, adDominum migrave- 

and said, in a spirit of prophecy : " Erit puer runt. Ronan mac Tuathail, rex na nAirther, 

iste magnus coram Domino, et in divinis literis et Mongan mac Fiachna Lurgan moriuntur." 

sublimiter eruditus, Hibernorum Albanorum- In the Annals of Clonmacnoise the death of 

que dissidia de jure Dalreudinee ditionis olim Mongan, son of Fiaghna Lurgan, is also entered 

in Comitiis de Druimchett sapient! consilio under the year 624, thus : 

componet." Trias Thaum., p. 411. " A. D. 624. Mongan mac Fiaghna, a very 

' The Airtheara: i. e. the Orientates or inhabi- well spoken man, and much given to the woo- 

tants of the eastern part of the territory of Oir- ing of women, was killed by one" [Arthur Ap] 

ghialla See note under A. D. 606. " Bicor, a Welshman, with a stone." 

2l2 



244 



[622. 



ba6 DO cleich la hGprup, mac bicaip, Do bpfcnaib, coniD Do po paiD becc 
boipce : 

dp huap an gaech Dap Hi, Do pail occa i cCiunn ripe; 
Do ^fnpac gnirii namnup DC, maippic Tnongan, mac piachnae. 
Lann Cluana haiprip moiu, ampa cfrpap popp piaDaD, 
Copbntac caerh ppi impochiD, agup lollann mac piacbpach, 
Qgup an Diap aile Dia pognaD mop Do cuachaib, 

, mac piachna Lupgan, -| 1?ondn mac Uuachait. 



Cachal, mac GoDha, pf TTluman, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo piche aoo. Qn Dapa blia&am Decc DO Suibne. 
8, pfpgna 6pir, abb lae -| eppcop, Dej an Dapa la DO TTlapca. S. Lachrnain, 
mac Copben, abb QchaiD uip, Decc 10 Do TTlapca. Cach Caipn pfpaohai^ 
pia ppailbe plann pop Conoachcaib, Du in po mapb'aD Conall, coipeach 
Ua TTlaine, rnaelDub,TTTaolDi]in, TTIaolpuam, TTlaolcalgjaijli,-] TTIaolbpfpail, 
1 apoile paopclanna, "] poDaoine cen mo cacpiDe, -) po meabaiD pop ^uaipe 
QiDne, a hionab an cachaigche, conab Dopi&e appubpaD : 

Oo pochaip DO ConDachcaib, hie ach cuma in cpeipip, 

TTlaolDum, TTIaolpuam, TTlaolcalggaigb, Conall, TTTaolDub, TTlaolbpeipil. 



* Beg Boirche. He was King of Uladh or 
Ulidia for thirteen years, and died in the year 
716. Boirche was the ancient name of the ba- 
rony of Mourne in the south of the county of 
Down. 

h Ik. Now Islay, near Cantire, in Scotland. 

Ceann-tire: i. e. Head of the Land, now Can- 
tire in Scotland. 

'' Cluain-Airthir : i. e. the Eastern Lawn or 
Meadow. Not identified. 

' Cathal, son ofAedh "A. D. 624. Cathal, son 

of Hugh, King of Mounster, died." Ann. Clon. 

' St. Feargna Brit " S. Fergna cognomento 
Britannicus Episcopus et Abbas Hiensis obiit 
2 Martii. Quat. Mag." Colgau, Trias Thaum., 
p. 498. See also Ussher, Primord., p. 702. 

? Achadh-Ur: i. e. the Fresh Field, now cor- 



ruptly called in English Freshford, a small town 
near Kilkenny, in the county of Kilkenny 
See Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, 
vol.iii. p. 26. The name is explained as follows 
in the Life of St. Mochoemoc orPulcherius, pub- 
lished by Colgan at llth of March : " Achadh- 
ur .i. ager viridis seu rnollis propter humidita- 
lem rivulorum qui transeunt ibi." There is a 
holy well called Tobar-Lachtin, and there are 
some curious remains of an old church at the 
place. In the Feilire- Aenguis his festival is 
marked at 19th of March ; and, at the same day, 
the following notice of him is given in O'Clery's 
Calendar : 

" ,accam, mac Coipbe in, abb QchaiD x'np, i 
n-Oppmjib, ujup 6 6healach peabpur Qnno 
Domini, 622." 



622.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



245 



with a stone by Arthur, son of Bicar, [one] of the Britons, of which Beg 

Boirche a said : 

Cold is the wind across lie", which they have at Ceann-tire c ; 

They shall commit a cruel deed in consequence, they shall kill Mongan, sou of 

Fiachna. 
Where the church of Cluain-Airthir d is at this day, renowned were the four 

there executed, 

Cormac Caemh with shouting, and Illann, son of Fiachra ; 
And the other two, to whom many territories paid tribute, 
Mongan, son of Fiachna Lurgan, and Ronan, son of Tuathal. 

Cathal, son of Aedh e , King of Munster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 622. The twelfth year of Suibhne. St. Feargna Brit f , 
Abbot of la, and a bishop, died on the second day of March. St. Lachtnain, 
son of Torben, Abbot of Achadh-Ur g , died on the 10th \recte 19th] of March. 
The battle of Carn-Fearadhaigh h [was gained] by Failbhe Flann over the Con- 
naughtmen, wherein were slain Conall, chief of Ui-Maine, Maeldubh, Maelduin, 
Maelruain, Maelcalgaigh, and Maelbreasail, and other nobles and plebeians 
besides them ; and Guaire-Aidhne was routed from the battle-field ; of which 
was said : 

There fell of the Connaughtmen, at Ath-cuma-an-tseisir', 
Maelduin, Maelruain, Maelcalgaigh, Conall, Maeldubh, Maelbreisil. 



" Lachtain, son of Torben, abbot of Achadh- 
Ur, in Ossory, and of Bealach Feabhrath, A. D. 
622." 

Colgan gives a short Life of this saint at 19 
Martii. He was a native of Muscraighe [Mus- 
kerry], in the present county of Cork, and 
erected a church at Bealach- Feabhradh, which 
is probably the place now called Ballagharay, 
or Ballaghawry, a townland situated in the 
west of the parish of Kilbolane, barony of 
Orbhraighe, or Orrery, and county of Cork. 

h Carn-FearadJiaigh. A mountain in the ter- 
ritory of Cliu-Mail, in the south of the county 
of Limerick See note g , under A. M. 3656, 
p. 41, supra. In the Annals of Ulster this 



battle is entered under the year 626, and in the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise under 624, as follows : 

" A. D. 626. Bellum Cairn-Fearadaig i Cliu" 
[i.e. in Cliu-Mail-mic-Ugaine] "6z Failbi Flann 
Feimin victor erat. Guaire Aidhne fugit." 
Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 624. The battle of Carnferaye, where 
Falvy Flynn had the victory, and Gawrie Ayuie 
took his flight, Conell mac Moyleduffe, prince 
of Imain, Moyledoyne, Moylecalgie, and Moyle- 
bressal, with many other nobles, were slain, 
was fought this year." Ann. Clon. 

1 Ath-cuma-an-tseisir: i. e. the Ford of the 
Slaughtering of the Six. This name is now 
obsolete. 



246 



[623. 



Cach LecheD TTliDinD, i nOpuins, pia bpiachna, mac Oemain, cijepna 
Oal bpmcach, pop pmchna, mac mbaooain, pi UlaD. T?o meabaiD an each 
pop piachna mac baooain, -| cfp ann. TTIac Laippe, eppcop -] abb Qpoa 
TTlaca, oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceo piche arpf. Colman mac Ua bapooani (.1. Do Oal 
bappoainne a cenel) abb Cluana mic Noip Decc. lap mbeich cpf bliaDna 
Decc DO Suibne TTIeann hi pplaicheap Gpeann DO cfp la Congal cClaon, mac 
Scanblam, i Cpaijh bperia. ConaD Dia oiohiD acpubpaD : 

Suibne co plojjhaib Dia poi, Do rappaijh bponaij bpenai, 

l?o mapbaO an gaech 50 ngail, la Congal caech mac ScanOail. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo piche a cfcaip. Qn ceo bliaoam Do Oomnall, mac 
Gooha, mic Qinmipech, hi pijhe nGpeann. 8. Colman Scellan 6 Ufp Da 
jlap 065, 26 TTlaii. 3. ITlaoDocc, eppucc pfpna, Decc 31 lanuapi. T?onan, 



L Lethed-Midinn, at Drung This is probably 
the place now called Cnoc-Lethed, or Knock- 
layd, and situated in the barony of Cathraighe, 
or Carey, and county of Antrim. In the Annals 
of Ulster this battle is noticed under the year 
625 ; and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 624, 
as follows : ' 

" A. D. 625. Bdlwn Lethed Midind, in quo 
cecidit Fiachna Lurgan. Fiachna mac Deamain 
victor erat." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 624. The battle of Lehed-mynd was 
fought, where Fiaghna mac Demayne killed 
Fiaghna mac Boydan, King of Dalnary, and in 
revenge thereof those of Dalriada challenged 
Fiaghna mac Demain, and killed him in the 
battle of Corran by the hands of Conad Kearr." 
Ann. Clon. 

1 Mac Laisre : i. e. the son of Laisir. Ware 
and Colgan think that he is the person called 
" Terenannus Archipontifex Hibernia:" in the 
Life of St. Laurence, Archbishop of Canterbury. 
See Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 293, col. 2 ; and 
Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 39. 

m Colman Mac Ua Bardani. " A. D. 627. 



PawsaColumbani, filii Barddaeni Abbotts Clone." 
Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 624. Columban mac Bardan, Abbot 
of Clonvicknose, died." Ann. Clon. 

" Traigh-Brena This is not the Brena in 

the county of Down, mentioned under A. M. 
2546, p. 7, supra, but Brentracht-Maighe-Itha, 
that part of the shore of Lough Swilly nearest 
to Aileach, in the barony of Inishowen, and 
county of Donegal. See Settle of Magh-Rath, 
p. 37, where it is stated that Suibhne Meann 
was near Aileach, when he was slain by Congal 
Claen. Suibneus, Monarch of Ireland, is men- 
tioned by Adamnan in his Vita Columb., lib. L 
c. 9, and lib. iii. c. 5. His death is mentioned 
in the Annals of Ulster, under the year 627 : 
" Occisio Suibne Menn, mic Fiachna, mic Fera- 
daid, mic Murethaig, mic Eogain, Ei Erenn, la 
Congal Caech, mac Sganlain i Traig Breni." 

Domhnall, son of Aedh. He succeeded 
Suibhne in 628, and died in 642 Ogygia, 
p. 431. Adamnan says, in his Vita Columb., lib.i. 
c. 10, that this Domhnall was a boy when the 
Convention of Druim-Ceat was held (A. D. 590), 



623.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



247 



The battle of Lethed-Midirm, at Drung k , [was fought] by Fiachna, son of 
Deman, Lord of Dal-Fiatach, against Fiachna, son of Baedan, King of Ulidia. 
The battle was gained over Fiachna, son of Baedan, and he fell therein. Mac 
Laisre 1 , Bishop and Abbot of Ard-Macha, died. 

The Age of Christ, 623. Colman Mac Ua Bardani m , of the tribe of Dal- 
Barrdainne, Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, died. After Suibhne Meann had been 
thirteen years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain at Traigh-Brena n , by 
Congal Claen ; of which was said : 

Suibhne, with hosts attending him, the destructive people of Brena overtook 

him ; 
The valorous sage was slain by Congal Caech, son of Scannal. 

The Age of Christ, 624. The first year of Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of 
Ainmire, in the sovereignty of Ireland. St. Colman Stellan, of Tir-da-ghlas 
[Terryglas], died on the 26th of May. St. Maedhog, Bishop of Fearna p , died 



and that St. Columbkille there gave him his 
blessing : " Quern cum Sanctus benedixisset, 
continue ait ; hie post super omnes suos fratres 
superstes erit, et Rex valde famosus : nee un- 
quam in manus inimicorum tradetur, sed morte 
placida in senectute, et intra domum suam 
coram amicorum familiarium turba super suum 
morietur lectum. Quae omnia secundum beati 
vaticinium viri de eo vere adimpleta sunt." 
Trias Thaum., p. 341. 

p Fearna. A place abounding in alder trees, 
now Ferns, an ancient episcopal seat on the 
River Bann, about five miles to the north of 
Enniscorthy, in the county of Wexford. See 
note on the battle of Dunbolg, A. D. 594 ; see 
also Ussher's Primordia, p. 864; and Colgan's 
edition of the Life of St. Maidocus at 31st Janu- 
ary, Ada Sanctorum, p. 208, et seqq. This saint is 
now usually called Mogue throughout the dio- 
cese of Ferns, and in the parishes of Drumlane 
and Templeport, in the county of Cavan, and 
in that of Rossinver, in the county of Leitrim, 
where his memory is still held in the highest 



veneration. The children who are called after 
him at baptism are now usually, though incor- 
rectly, called Moses by the Roman Catholics, 
but more correctly Aidan by the Protestants, 
throughout the diocese of Ferns. His first 
name was Aedh, of which Aedhan, Aidan, and 
Aedhoc, are diminutive forms ; and the pronoun 
mo, my, is usually prefixed to form an amm 
baio, or name of affection. This custom among 
the ancient Irish is explained by Colgan as fol- 
lows, in a note on this name : 

" Scribitur quidem in Hibernico vetustiori 
Moedoc, Maedoc, Aodan, Oedan, Oedoc, Aedoc, 
in recentiori Maodog, Aedan, Aodh, Aodhog : et 
hinc latinis Codicibus varie Aldus, Aidanus, 
Moedoc: apud Capgravium Maedocius : in Co- 
dice Insulse sanctorum Aedanus, Moedocus, in 
hac vita ; in aliis Codicibus et prsesertim mar- 
tyrologiis Oedus, Aedus, et Moedocus. Causam 
tarn varias lectionis in notis ad vitam S. Itae 15 
Januarii assignavimus triplicem. Prima est 
quod ubi Hiberni nunc passim scribunt Ao 
prisci scribebant Oe vel Ae: etubi illi litteram 



248 



[626. 



mac Colmain, Decc. Cach Ouin Ceichepn pia nOomnall, mac QoDha, mic 
Ginmijiecli, pop Conal Caoch, no Claon, mac Scanolain, Du in no mapbao 
^uaine ^aillpeach, mac popannam,-] apoile pochaibe, -| jio meabaib lapum 
pop Consal, t>ia nebpab : 



Cach Duin Ceicipn Dia paibe cpu puab Dap puile glapa, 
bacap pop pliochc Congail cpuim colla muinpfrhpa mappa. 

Cach Qpoa Copainn la ConDaib Cepp, njepna Oail l?iaOa, aipm in po 
mapbab Piachna, mac Oemain, pi Ula6. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo piche a cuig. Qn oapa bliabam DO Domnall. pionn- 
cam TTlaolDub DO ecc. TTlobai, mac Ui Qloai. Cach Lfcaipbe ecip TTlaol- 
picpij, coipeach cenel mic eapcca, } Gpnaine mac piacpac, coipeach Cenel 
pfpanhai, DU in po mapbab TTlaolpicpij, mac Qooha Uaipiobnaigh. bpan- 
Dub, mac TTlailcoba, 065. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo piche apeachc. Qn cfcpamab bliabain Do Oomnall. 
Cach Ctcha Qbla, DU in po mapbab Dicul, mac pfpgupa Cull la TTlumain. 
Imp TTleDcoic opocucchab la heppcop QeDhain. 



g, hie c seribere consueverint. Secunda est, 
quod solebant diminutiva, loco nominum pro- 
priorum ponere, ut loco Paulus Paulinus, et 
quod diminutiva ordinarie apud eos desinant in 
an, en, in, vel oo, sen og: et hinc Joco Aodh, 
ssepe Aodhan, Aodhoc, seu Aodog. Tertia quod 
venerationis et amoris causa, solebant nomini- 
bus propriis prsefigere syllabam mo quod meum 
sonat ; vel ubi incipiebant nomina a vocali so- 
lum prsefigebant litteram m, et hinc Aodhog, 
Oedhoc, appellabant Maodhog et Maedhog. Qui 
ad hsec atteridet, non solum prsdicta? variationis, 
sed et multorum similium originem et causas 
facile sciet." Ada Sanctorum, p. 216, n. 5. 

Dun-Ceithern Translated " munitio Cei- 

thirni" by Adamnan in his Vita Columb., lib. i. 
c. 49. This fort is still known, but called in 
English " the Giant's Sconce." It is a stone 
fort, built in the Cyclopean style, on the sum- 
mit of a conspicuous hill in the parish of Dun- 
boe, in the north of the county of Londonderry. 



The earliest writer who mentions this battle is 
Adamnan, who states that it had been predicted 
by St. Columbkille that it would be fought be- 
tween " Nelli nepotes et Cruthini populi," i. e. 
between the northern Ui-Neill and the Irish 
Cruithnigh or people of Dalaradia, and that a 
neighbouring well would be polluted with hu- 
man slaughter. Adamnan, who was born in 
the year in which this battle was fought, has 
the following notice of this battle as foreseen by 
St. Columbkille: 

" In quo bello (ut multi norunt populi) Dom- 
nallus Aidi filius victor sublimatus est, et in 
eodem, secundum Sancti vaticinium viri, fonti- 
culo, quidam de parentela ejus interfectus est 
homo. Alius mihi, Adamnano, Christi miles, 
Finananus, nomine, qui vitam multis anachore- 
ticam annis juxta Roboreti monasterium campi 
irreprehensibiliter ducebat, de eodem bello se 
prffisente commisso aliqua enarrans protestatus 
est in supradicto fonte truncum cadaverinum se 



626.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 249 

on the 31st of January. Ronan, son of Colman, died. The battle of Dun- 
Ceitherni [was gained] by Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, over Congal 
Caech, or Claen r , son of Scannlan, where Guaire Gaillseach, son of Forannan, 
and many others, were slain ; and Congal was afterwards defeated ; of which 
was said : 

The battle of Dun-Ceithirn, in which there was red blood over grey eyes ; 

There were in the track of Congal Crom bodies thick-necked, comely. 

The battle of Ard-Corainn 8 [was gained] by Connadh Cerr, Lord of Dal- 
Riada, where Fiachna, son of Deman, King of Ulidia, was slain. 

The Age of Christ, 626. The second year of Domhnall. Finntan Mael- 
dubh died. Mobhai mac Ui Aldai [died]. The battle of Leathairbhe' between 
Maelfithrigh, chief of Cinel-Mic-Earca, and Ernaine, son of Fiachra, chief of 
Cinel-Fearadhaigh, where Maelfithrigh, son of Aedh Uairidhnach, was slain. 
Brandubh", son of Maelcobha, died. 

The Age of Christ, 627. The fourth year of Domhnall. The battle of 
Ath-Abla w , where Dicul, son of Fearghus, was slain by the Munstermen. [The 
monastery of] Inis-Medcoit* was founded by Bishop Aedhan. 

vidisse, &c. Trias Thaum., p. 349. Maelfitric cecidit. Ernaine mac Fiachna victor 

In the Annals of Ulster this battle is men- erat." Ann. Ult. 
tioned under the year 628, as follows: " A. D. 629. Bdlum Lethirbe inter Genus 

"AD. 628 Bdlum Dun Ceithirinn in quo Eugain invicem, in quo Maelfitric cecidit." 

Congal Caech fugit, et Domhnall mac Aedo vie- Ibid, 
tor erat, in quo cecidit Guaire mac Forindan." u Bran Dubh. " A. D. 629. Juyulatio Bran- 

r Congal Caech, or Claen. He was known by duib mic Maelcobo." Ann. Ult. 

both surnames or sobriquets, Caech meaning w Ath-Abla Not identified. "AD. 631. Bd- 

blind, or one-eyed, and Claen, squint-eyed or lum Atho Aubla, in quo cecidit Diciull mac Fer- 

perverse. See Battle ofMagh-Rath, p. 37, note k . gusa Tuile la Mumain." Ann. Ult. 

'Ard-Corainn. Not identified. There is a " Inis-Medcoit This island is described in the 

piece of land near Larne, in the county of An- Feilire-Aenguis, at 31st August, as " i n-iaprap 

trim, called Corran. " A. D. 626. Bellum Arda- cuaircipc Soxan m-bic," "in the north-west 

Corain. Dalriati victores erant ; in quo cecidit of Little Saxon-land, where Aedan, son of Lu- 

Fiachna mac Deamain." Ann. Ult. gain, son of Ernin, was interred." The festival 

* Leathairbhe Not identified. " A. D. 628. of this Aedan is also entered in O'Clery's Irish 

Mors Echdach Buidhe, regis Pictorum, JUH Ae- Calendar at 31st August, and it is added that 

dain. Sic in libro Cuanach inveni. Vel sicut in he went on a pilgrimage to Inis-Meadcoit, in 

Libro Dubhdalethe narratur. Bellum Letirbe the north-west of Saxan-Beg. It was probably 

inter Cenel-Mic-Erca et Cenel Feradaig, in quo the British name of the Island of Lindisfarne, 

2K 



250 



Rioghachca 



[628. 



Goip Cpiopc, pe ceo piche a hochc. Qn cuicceab bliabain DO Oorhnall. 
Carh Ctcha ^oan.i niapcap Lippe, pia ppaolan, mac Colmain,-] pia Conall, 
mac Suibne, coipech ITlme, -\ pia bpailge (no bpailbe) plann, pi TTluman, 
aipm in po mapb'a6 Cpiomcann, mac Qooha, mic Seanai, pi Caijfn, co 
pochaibe oile imaille ppip. TTlop TTIuman oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cpiocha. Qn pechcrhab bliabain DO Dorhnall. Oa 
mac Qo&a Slaine DO rhapbab la Conall, mac Suibne, oc Loch Upecm, oc 
ppemomn,.i.Con5al,coipech bpfsVi.pfnachaipUacConaing,-) GibllCpuicipe, 
pfnachaip Slnl nDlucbaijh. Cach Segaipi, Du map mapbaoh Locene, mac 
Nechcain CfnDpooa, -| Comapccach, mac Qongapa. Cach Guile Caolain 
pe nOiapmaio, mac Qo6a Slaine, aipm in po mapbab Da mac Qonjupa, mic 
Colmain TTloip .1. TTlaoluma-] Colcca,-] apailloile amaille ppiu, oia nebpaoh: 

Cach Guile Caolain came, po bo oaonbaij co nDile, 
TTIeabaiD pia nDiapmaic Deala, pop piopa mfba TTliDe, 
hi puba Coljan cfnDbdin, agup TTlaoluma inD olljpaiD, 
Da mac Qongapa apmjloip, mic cpurglan calmoip Colmain. 

Sejene, abb lae Coluim Cille, Do pocuccab ecclaipe Recpainne. Conall, 



or Holy Island, in Northumberland, concerning 
which see Bede, Eccl. Hist., lib. iii. c. 3. 

! Ath-Goan : i. e. Goan's Ford; not identified. 

1 larthar-Liffe. That part of the present 
county of Kildare, embraced by the River Liffey 
in its horse-shoe winding, was anciently called 
Oirthear-Liffe, i. e. East of Liffey, and that 
part lying west of the same winding was called 
larthar-Liffe, i.e. west of Liffey. Both districts 
belonged to the Ui-Faelain, or O'Byrnes, pre- 
viously to the English invasion. 

* Mor-Mumhan. She was Queen of Munster, 
and wife of Finghin, King of Munster, ancestor 
of the O'Sullivans. Dr. O'Conor mistranslates 
this entry, mistaking Mor, a woman's name, for 
Maor, or Moer, a steward, " (Economus Mo- 
monise decessit ;" but this is childish in the 
extreme, because Mor is a woman's name, and 
never means osconoimis. In Mageoghegan's trans- 



lation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, the death 
of this Queen is entered under 632, as follows : 

" A. D. 632. More, Queen of Mounster, and 
surnamed More of Mounster, died." 

It is added in the margin that she was the 
wife of Finghin, King of Munster : " ITlop 
muriian, bean pinjm, pij IDuriian." See note 
on Failbhe Flann, infra. 

b Loch Trethin. Now Loch Drethin, anglice 
Lough Drin, a small lough in the parish of 
Mullingar, about one mile and a half to the east 
of the hill of Freamhain, or Frewin, in the 
county of Westmeath. This event is entered 
in the Annals of Ulster at 633, and in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise at 632, as follows : 

" A. D. 633. Jugvlatio duorum jlliorum Aedo 
Slaine la Conall mac Suibhne occ Loch Treithin 
ap Fremuin, .i. Congal ri Breag, ecus Ailill 
Cruidire, senathair Sil Dluthaig." Ann. Ult. 



628.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 251 

The Age of Christ, 628. The fifth year of Domhnall. The battle of Ath- 
Goan y , in Iarthar-Liffe z , by Faelan, son of Colman ; by Conall, son of Suibhne, 
chief of Meath ; and by Failge, or Failbhe Flann, King of Munster, wherein was 
slain Crimhthann, son of Aedh, son of Seanach, King of Leinster, with many 
others along with him. Mor-Mumhan a died. 

The Age of Christ, 630. The seventh year of Domhnall. The two sons 
of Aedh Slaine were slain by Conall, son of Suibhne, at Loch Trethin b , at 
Freamhain, namely, Congal, chief of Breagh, ancestor of the Ui-Conaing, and 
Ailill Cruitire [i. e. the Harper], ancestor of the Sil-Dluthaigh. The battle of 
Seaghais , wherein were slain Loichen, son of Neachtain Ceannfoda, and Comas- 
gach, son of Aenghus. The battle of Cuil-Caelain d , by Diarmaid, son of Aedh 
Slaine, where the two sons of Aenghus, son of Colman Mor, namely, Maelumha 
and Colga, and some others along with them, were slain ; of which was said : 

The battle of the fair Cuil-Caelain, it was [fought] on one side with devotedness, 
Was gained by Diarmaid, of Deala, over the mead-drinking men of Meath, 
In which the white-headed Colgan was pierced, and Maelumha of great dignity, 
Two sons of Aenghus of glorious arms, the son of fine-shaped, great-voiced 
Colman. 

Segene, Abbot of la-ColuimCille, founded the church of Eechrainn . Conall, 

" A. D. 632. The killing of the two sons of was fought, where Dermot mac Hugh Slane 

Hugh Slane, Congal, Prince of Brey, of whom killed Moyleowa mac Enos, and his brother, 

the O'Connyngs descended, and Ailill the Colga." Ann. Clon. 

Harper, ancestor of Sile-Dluhie, by the hands 'Rechrainn Now Ragharee, or Rathlin Island, 

of Conell mac Swyne, at Loghtrehan, neer situated off the north coast of the county of 

Frewyn, in Westmeath." Antrim. See note *, under A. D. 1 55 1 , p. 1 52 1 . 

Seaghais. See note , under A. D. 499, The erection of the church of Rechrainn is en- 

p. 161, supra. This battle is entered in the tered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 634, 

Annals of Ulster under the year 634. and in th& Annals of Clonmacnoise at 632. Dr. 

d Cuil-Caelain : i.e. Caelan's Corner, or Angle. O'Conor says thatSegienus should be considered 

Not identified. This battle is entered in the rather the restorer than the original founder of 

Annals of Ulster under the year 634, and in the church of Rechrainn, inasmuch as it appears 

the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 632, thus : from Adamnan's Vita Columb., lib. ii. c. 41, that 

" A. D. 634. Bdlum Guile Coelain pe nDiar- this church was erected by St. Columbkille. 

mait mac Aeda Slaine in quo cecidit Maelumai But it appears from O'Donnell's Life of St. 

mac Oengusa." Ann. Ult. Columbkille (lib. i. c. 65), and various other 

" A. D. 632. The battle of Cowle-Keallan authorities, that the island of Rachrainn, on 

2 K2 



252 



[631. 



mac Suibne, coipech 171i6e, -\ niaoluma, mac popanndin, Do mapbab la Oiap- 
maicr, mac Qoba Slaine. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cpiocha a haon. Qn cochcmab bliabam DO Oorh- 
nall. Gpnaine, mac piachna, coipech Chenel pfpaohaij, DO mapbab. Qp 
laippibe copchaip TTIaolpichpij.macQoDhaUaipiobnaij, hi ccarh Lerhepbe. 
Capcach, .1. TTlochuDa, mac pionoaill DO lonnapbaoh a Rarhain. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cpiocha a cpi. Qn Dfchrhab bliabam Do Oorhnall. 
pailbe plann, pi TTIuman, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cpiocha acfcaip. Qn caonmab bliabam Decc DO 
Oomnall. S. Gochaib, abb Lip moip, Decc an 17 DQippil. S. pionncain, mac 
Uelcham, Decc an 21 oOccobep. Carh Tnaijhe l?ac pia nOomnall, mac 



which St. Columbkille erected a church, be- 
longed to the east of Bregia, in Meath. It was 
the ancient name of the present island of Lam- 
bay, near Dublin. Segienus, Abbot of lona, is 
mentioned by Bede in Hist. Eccl., lib. iii. c. 5 ; 
and by Adamnan in Vita Columb., lib. i. c. 3. 
See Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 374, n. 30. 

f Conall, son o/Suibhne. " A. D. 634. Occisio 
Conaill mic Suibhne, i tig Mic Nafraig, la Diar- 
mait mac Aeda Slaine." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 632. Conall mac Sweyne, King of 
Meath, was slain by Dermot mac Hugh Slane, 
or rather by Moyleowa mac Forannaine." 
Ann. Clon. 

g Cinel-Fearadhaigh. A tribe of the Cinel- 
Eoghain, seated in the present barony of Clogher, 
in the county of Tyrone. In the Annals of 
Ulster this entry is given under the year 635 : 
" Jugulatio Ernain mic Fiachae, qui visit Mael- 
fitric filium Aedo Alddain, in bello Letirbe." 

h jRathain : otherwise spelled liaithin, i. e. 
Filicetum, or Ferny Land, now Eahen, a town- 
land containing the remains of two ancient 
churches situated in the barony of Ballycowan, 
in the King's County See Petrie's Bound 
Towers, where these remains are described. 
Archdall, and from him Lanigan (Eccl. Hist., 
vol. ii. p. 353) erroneously state that the place 



whence Carthach was expulsed is Eathyne in 
the barony of Fertullagh, and county of West- 
meath. See Ussher's Primord., p. 910. In the 
Annals of Tighernach, the " Effugatio" of St. 
Carthach from Eaithin " in diebus paschce" is 
entered at A. D. 636, in the Annals of Ulster 
at 635, and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at 
632." 

' Failbhe Flann. He was the younger brother 
of Finghin, the husband of Mor Mumhan, from 
whom the O'Sullivans are descended. This 
Failbhe, who is the ancestor of the Mac Carthys, 
seems to have been very unpopular at his acces- 
sion to the throne of Munster, as appears from 
the following quatrain, quoted by Keating, and 
in the Book of Munster : 

" 6heic gan Pinjin, Beic jnn TDoip, 
Do Chaifeal ip oariina bpoin, 
If lonunn ip beir jan ni, 
map * Pailbe plann Buj> pi." 

" To be without Finghin, to be without Mor, 

To Cashel is cause of sorrow, 

It is the same as to be without anything 

If Failbhe Flann be the King." 

From these lines, which are well known to 
the shanachies of Munster, it is contended that 
the O'Sullivans are of a senior branch of the 



631.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



253 



son of Suibhne f , chief of Meath, and Maelumha, son of Forannan, were slain by 
Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine. 

The Age of Christ, 631. The eighth year of Domhnall. Ernaine, son of 
Fiachna, chief of Cinel-Fearadhaigh g , was slain. It was by him Maelfithrigh, 
son of Aedh Uairidhnach, was slain in the battle of Letherbhe. Carthach, 
i. e. Mochuda, son of Finnall, was banished from Rathain h . 

The Age of Christ, 633. The tenth year of Domhnall. Failbhe Flann 1 , 
King of Munster, died. 

The Age of Christ, 634. The eleventh year of Domhnall. St. Eochaidh, 
Abbot of Lis-mor k , died on the 17th of April. St. Finntan, son of Telchan 1 , 
died on the 21st of October. The battle of Magh-Rath m [was gained] by 



royal family of Munster than the Mac Carthys ; 
and indeed there can be little doubt of the fact, 
as their ancestor, Fjnghin, son of Aedh Duff, 
died in 619, when he was succeeded by his bro- 
ther, Failbhe Flann. In the Annals of Ulster the 
death of " Failbhe Flann Feimin, rex Mumhan," 
is entered under the year 636. 

k Lis-mor: i. e. Lismore, in the county of 
Waterford. The festival of this Eochaidh is 
entered in O'Clery's Irish Calendar at 17th 
April. 

' Finntan, son of Telchan This saint was 
otherwise called Munna, and was the founder of 
the monastery of Teach-Munna, now Taghmon, 
in the county of Wexford. He attended the 
Synod of Leighlin in 630, where he attempted 
to defend the old Irish mode of computing Eas- 
ter against the new Roman method. See Cum- 
mianus's Epistle to Segienus, Abbot of lona, on 
the Paschal controversy, in Ussher's Syllogce, 
No. xi. ; also Primordia, p. 936. In the Annals 
of Ulster his death is entered under the year 
634, but in the Annals of Tighernach at 636, 
which is the true year. His contemporary, 
Adamnan, gives a very curious account of this 
Fintanus filius Tailcani in his Vita Columb., 
lib. i. c. 2, where he calls him " Sanctus Finte- 
nus per universas Scotorum Ecclesias valde nos- 



cibilis, &c. &&. studiis dialis sophias deditus, 
&c." In the Feilire-Aenguis, at his festival 
(21st October), it is stated that his father, 
Taulchan, was a Druid. 

m Magh Rath Now Moira, a village in a pa- 
rish of the same name, in the barony of Lower 
Iveagh, and county of Down. The earliest 
writer who notices this battle is Adamnan, 
who, in his Vita Columb., lib. iii. c. 5, says that 
St. Columbkille had warned Aidan and his de- 
scendants, the Kings of Alba, not to attack his 
relatives in Ireland, for so surely as they should, 
the power of their enemies would prevail over 
them. Adamnan, who was about thirteen years 
old when this battle was fought, says that a pro- 
phecy of St. Columbkille's was fulfilled in the 
consequences of it. His words are : 

" Hoc autem vaticinium temporibus nostris 
completum est in bello Rath, Domnallo Brecco, 
nepote Aidani sine causa vastante provinciam 
Domnill nepotis Ainmirech : et a die ills, us- 
que hodie adhuc in proclivo sunt ab extraneis, 
quod suspiria .doloris pectora incutit." Trias 
Thaum., p. 365. 

This battle is noticed in the Annals of Ulster 
and the Chronicon Scotorum at the year 636, 
and in the Annals of Tighernach at 637, which 
is the true year See the romantic story on 



254 



[635. 



Qeoha, ] pia macaib Cteoha Slcnne pop Conjal Claon, mac Scanolain, pi 
Ulab, DU iccopchaip Conjal, Ulaib, ~\ Ctllmappaij ap aon pip. Cach Sael- 
npe pia cConall cCaol, mac TTlaoilcoba, pop Cenel nGoghain. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cpiocha a cuig. Qn Dapa bliabain Decc DO Oomnall. 
Qilill, mac Ctoba l?6in, Corral, mac Ounchaoha, Decc. Ouinpeach, bfn 
Oorhnaitl, mic Qo&a, pf Gpeann, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cpiocha a pe. Ctn cpeap bliaDam Decc Do Oomnall. 
3. TTlochuDa, eppcop Lip moip -] abb Raicne, Decc 14 TTlan. Cach Cacpac 
Chinocon la TTiurhain pia nGonsup Ciac, pop Tflaolouin, mac Qo6a bfnDain. 
TTlaolobap TTlacha, plaic Oipjiall, Decc. TTiaolDum, mac QoDa, Dolopcab 
i nlnip caoin. TTlaolDum, mac peapjupa, -\ TTIaolDuin, mac Colmam, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cpiocha a pfchc. Ctn cecpamaD bliabam Decc Do 
Oomnall. 8. Cponan mac Ua Coegoe, abb Cluana mic Noip, Decc 18 lull. 
S. TTlochua, abb balla, Decc 30 TTlapca. 



the subject of this battle, printed for the Irish 
Archaeological Society in 1842. 

" Sadtire This place is unknown to the 
Editor. It is stated in the Annals of Ulster, 
that this battle and the battle of Roth (Magh 
Eath), were fought on the same day. 

" A. D. 636. Bdlum Roth, et Bdlum Sailtire 
in una die facta sunt. Conall Gael, mac Mael- 
cobo, socius Domhnaill, victor erat, de Genere 
Eugain, in bello Saeltire." 

Ailitt, son of Aedh Roin His death is en- 
tered in the Annals of Ulster at the year 638. 

f Congal, son of Dunchadh. " A. D. 638. 
Jugulatio Congaile mac Duncha." Ann. Ult. 

1 Duinseach "A.D. 638. Obitus Duinsicaj 
uxoris Domhnaill." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 637. The death of Downesie, wife of 
King Donell, and Queen of Ireland." Ann. Clon. 

' Mochuda The death of this bishop is en- 
tered in the Annals of Ulster under the year 
637, and in the Annals of Tighernach and those 
of Clonmacnoise under 637 (2 Id/Maii), which 
is the true date. See Lanigan's Ecclesiastical 
History of Ireland, vol. ii. pp. 353, 355. 



Lis-mor: i. e. the Great Lis or earthen fort, 
translated Atrium magnum by the writer of 
the Life of St. Carthach ; now Lismore, on the 
River Neimh, now the Blackwater, in the west 
of the county of Waterford, anciently called 
Crich-na-nDeise. It is evident from entries in 
these Annals at the years 588 and 610, that 
there was an ecclesiastical establishment here 
before the expulsion of St. Carthach from Rai- 
thin, in Fircall, in 636 ; but it was remodelled 
and erected into a bishopric by him a short 
time before his death. Moelochtride, prince of 
Nandesi (i. e. the Desies), made him a grant of 
a considerable tract of land lying round the 
atrium called Lismore, which was originally a 
mere earthen enclosure, but in a short time the 
place acquired an extraordinary celebrity, and 
was visited by scholars and holy men from all 
parts of Ireland, as well as from England and 
Wales, as we learn from the following passage 
in his Life : 

" Egregia et Sancta civitas Less-mor : cujus 
dimidium est asylum, in qua nulla mulier audet 
intrare, sed plenum est cellis et monasteriis 



635.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



255 



Domhnall, son of Aedh, and the sons of Aedh Slaine, over Congal Claen, son 
of Scannlan, King of Ulidia, where fell Congal, and the Ulidians and foreigners 
along with him. The battle of Saeltire" [was gained] by Conall Gael, son of 
Maelcobha, over the Cinel-Eoghain. 

The Age of Christ, 635. The twelfth year of Domhnall. Ailill, son of 
Aedh Roin; Congal, son of Dunchadh", died. Duinseach q , wife of Domhnall, 
son of Aedh, King of Ireland, died. 

The Age of Christ, 636. The thirteenth year of Domhnall. St. Mochuda r , 
Bishop of Lis-mor 8 and Abbot of Raithin [Rahen], died on the 14th of May. 
The battle of Cathair-Chinncon', in Munster, [was gained] by Aenghus Liath, 
over Maelduin, son of Aedh Beannan. Maelodhar Macha", chief of Oirghialla, 
died. Maelduin, son of Aedh w , was burned at Inis-caein*. Maelduin, son of 
Fearghus, and Maelduin, son of Colman, died. 

The Age of Christ, 637. The fourteenth year of Domhnall. St. Cronan 
Mac-Ua-Loegde y , Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, died on the 18th of July. St.Mochua, 
Abbot of Balla 2 , died. 



sanctis, et multitude virorum sanctorum semper 
illic manet. Viri enim religiosi ex omni parte 
Hibernis, et non solum, sed ex Anglia et Bri- 
tannia confluunt ad earn, volentes ibi migrare 
ad Christum. Et est ipsa civitas posita super 
ripam fluminis quandam dicti Nem, modo autem 
Aban-mor, id est, amnis magnus, in plaga re- 
gionis Nandesi." Ussher's Primord., p. 943 ; 
see also the same work, pp. 910, 919. St. Car- 
thach or Mochuda's festival is entered in the 
Feilire-Aenguis and O'Clery's Irish Calendar, at 
14th May. 

' Catkair-Chinncon. This was the name of a 
stone fort near Rockbarton, the seat of Lord 
Guillamore, in the barony of Small County, and 
county of Limerick. In the Annals of Ulster 
this battle is noticed under the year 639, as 
follows : 

" A. D. 639. Bellum Cathrach-Cinncon. Oen- 
gus Liathdana victor erat. Maelduin mac Aeda 



" Madodhar Mocha In the Annals of Tigh- 



ernach and the Annals of Ulster he is called 
"rex Orientalium," which is intended for pij 
na n-Oipceap, i. e. King of the Oriors, two ba- 
ronies in the east of the present county of Ar- 
magh ; but in the Battle of Magh-Rath (p. 28), 
he is called pi noi ccpica ceo Oipj^iall, i.e. 
King of the Nine Cantreds of Oriel, a territory 
which comprised, at this period, the present 
counties of Louth, Armagh, Monaghan, and 
parts of Tyrone. 

" Maelduin, son of Aedh. " A. D. 640. Com- 
bustio Maelduin in insula Caini. Jugulatio Mael- 
duin mic Fergusa, et Maelduin mic Colmain." 
Ann. Ult. 

" Inis-Caein Now Inishkeen, in the county 
of Louth, on the borders of Monaghan. 

y Cronan-mac- Ua-Loeghde. "A. D. 637. Cro- 
nan macc-U-Loeghdea, abbas Cluana-mic-Nois, 
obiit." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 637- Cronan mac Oloye, abbot of 
Clonvicnose, died." Ann. Clon. 

' Balla. Now Balla or Bal, a village in the 



256 



cn-wata 



[638. 



Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cpiocha a hochc. 8. Cpican in QonDpuim Decc an 
peaccmaD Decc DO TTlan. Cfooh OuB, abb -] eppcop Cille Dapa, 065, -| ba 
pi Laijfn ap cop epibe. Dalaipe, mac hU Imoae, abb Leichglimie, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cpiocha anaoi. 8. Oajan Inbip Daoile Do ecc 13 
Sepcembep. lap mbeich pe bliabna 065 i pijhe nGpeann Do Oorhnall, mac 
QoDha, mic Ctinmipech, puaip bap mo CtpD pochaDh, i cd'p Ctooha, DO 
punnpaoh iap mbuaiD naicpije, uaip baoi bliaDam i ngalap a ecca, -\ no 
caiceab copp Cpiopc 5060 Domnaij. Oilill, mac Colmdm, coipeach Cenel 
Laojaipe [Decc]. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD cecpaca. Cln ceo blia&ain Do Chonall Gaol -\ DO 
Cheallach, Da mac TTlaoilcoba, mic Qo6a, mic Ginmipech, op Gpinn i pijhe. 



barony of Clanmorris, but anciently in the ter- 
ritory of Ceara, in the now county of Mayo 
See note ", under the year 1 179- The death of 
this Mochua is also given in the Annals of Clon- 
macnoise at the same year. Colgan gives the 
Life of this saint as translated from an Irish 
manuscript by Philip O'Sullivan Beare, at 30th 
March, which is his festival day, as marked in 
all the Calendars. He was a disciple of the ce- 
lebrated St. Comhgall of Bangor. 

a Amdruim. This is not Antrim, but an 
island in Loch Cuan, or Strangford Lough, in 
the county of Down See notes under the years 
496 and 642. The death of Cridan is entered 
under 638 in the Annals of Ulster and the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise. 

b Aedh Dubh The death of this royal abbot 

and bishop is entered in the Annals of Ulster 
and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at the year 
638. 

c Leithghlinn : i. e. the Half Glen, now old 
Leighlin, in'the county of Carlow : "A.D. 638. 
Ercra re" [an eclipse of the moon] " Dolaissi mac 
Cuinidea, abbas Lethglinne paused." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 639. Dolasse mac Winge, Abbot of 
Leighlin, died." Ann. Clon. 

St. Dolaise, of Leighlin, was otherwise called 
Molaise and Laisren. He was present at the 



Synod held at Leighlin in 630, to debate on 
the proper time for celebrating Easter. See 
Cummianus's epistle to Segienus, Abbot of 
lona, in Ussher's Sylloge, No. xi. His festival 
was celebrated on the 18th April, according to 
the Feilire Aenguis and the Irish Calendar of 
O'Clery. 

d Iribher-Datile : i. e. the Mouth of the Eiver 
Dael, now Ennereilly, a townland containing 
the ruins of an old church situated close to 
Mizen Head, in the south of a parish of the 
same name, in the barony of Arklow, and 
county of Wicklow, and about four miles and 
a quarter north-north-east of the town of Ark- 
low. The river Dael or Deel is now called the 
Pennycomequick River. In the Feilire-Aenguis, 
at 13th September, Inbher-Doeli is described 
as in the territory of Dal-Mescorb, in Leinster, 
and Doel, as " nomen amnis" in the east of 
Leinster. 

" Ard-Fothadh, in Tir-Aedha This was the 
name of a fort on a hill near Ballymagrorty, in 
the barony of Tir-Aedha, now Tirhugh, and 
county of Donegal. See the Tripartite Life of 
St. Patrick, part ii. c. iii ; and Adamnan's Vita 
Columb., lib. i. c. 10; and Colgan's note (Trias 
Tkaum., p. 375), where he translates this pas- 
sage from the Irish of the Four Masters, thus : 



638.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



257 



The Age of Christ, 638. St. Critan, of Aendruim", died on the seventeenth 
of May. Aedh Dubh b , Abbot and Bishop of Cill-dara [Kildare], died. He had 
been at first King of Leinster. Dalaise Mac hU-Imdae, Abbot of Leithglinn", 
died. 

The Age of Christ, 639. St. Dagan, of Inbher-Daeile d , died on the 13th 
of September. After Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, had been sixteen 
years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he died at Ard-Fothadh, in Tir-Aedha e , 
after the victory of penance, for he was a year in his mortal sickness ; and he 
used to receive the body of Christ every Sunday. Oilill, son of Colman, chief 
of Cinel-Laeghaire f , [died]. 

The Age of Christ, 640. The first year of Conall Gael and Ceallach 8 , two 
sons of Maelcobha, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, over Ireland, in [joint] sove- 
reignty. Scannlan Mor h , son of Ceannfaeladh, chief of Osraighe [Ossory], died. 



" Anno Christi sexcentessimo trigessimo nono 
postquam Hibernue monarchiam sexdecim annis 
administrasset, Domnalltts, films Aidi filii Ain- 
mirii, decessit in Ard-foihad regione de Tir-Aodha, 
post pcenitentwe palmam. Integra enim anno in 
sui lethali infirmitate, singulis diebus Dominicis 
communione Corpora Christi refectus, interiit." 
He then remarks on the Chronology : " Verum 
non anno 639 (ut Quatuor Magistri referunt) ; 
sed anno 642, ex Annalibus Ultoniensibus refert 
Jacobus Usserus de Ecclesiarum Britannicarum 
Primordiis pagina 712 ipsum obiisse ; et postea 
in Indice Chronologico, dicens Anno 642. Dom- 
naldus filius Aidi Hex Hibernice, in fine mensis 
Januarii moritur; succedentibus sibiinregno Con- 
atto et Kellacho, filiis Madcobi, annis xm." 

The death of King Domhnall is entered in 
the Annals of Ulster, and also in the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise, at 641 ; but the true year is 642, 
as Ussher has it : 

" A. D. 641. Mors Domhnaill, mic Aedo, regis 
Hibernice in fine Januarii." Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 641. Donell mac Hugh, King of 
Ireland, died in Ardfohie, in the latter end of 
January." Ann. Clon. 



' Cinel-Laeghaire : i. e. Eace of Laeghaire 
(Monarch of Ireland). These were seated in 
the baronies of Upper and Lower Navan, in the 
county of Meath. The hill of Tlachtgha, the 
ford of Ath-Truim, and the church of Telachard, 
were in their territory. The death of Ailill, 
son of Colman, is entered in the Annals of 
Ulster at 641, and in the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise at 642. 

8 Conall Gael and Ceallach. The Annals of 
Ulster contain the following curious remarks 
under the year 642 : " Cellach et Conall Cael 
regnare incipiunt, ut alii dicunt. Hie dubitatur 
quis regnavit post Domhnall. Dicunt alii histo- 
riographi regnasse quatuor reges, .i. Cellach et 
Conall Cael, et duo filii Aedo Slaine .i. Diarmait 
et Blathmac, per commixta regna." 

h Scannlan Mor, son of Ceannfaeladh He was 
not the Scannlan, King of Ossory, mentioned 
by Adamnan as a hostage in the hands of Aedh 
mac Ainmirech, but his cousin-german, Scann- 
lan Mor, son of Ceannfaeladh, son of Rumann, 
whose brother, Feradhach, was the grandfather 
of the other Scannlan. This Scannlan Mor, son 
of Ceannfaeladh, is the ancestor of all the septs 
L 



258 



[641. 



Scannlan mop, mac Cinnpaolam, coif ec Of paije, Decc. Guana, mac Qilcene, 
roifech pfpmaije, Decc. 6u he fin Laoc tiacrhuine. 

Qoif Cpiofc, feceo ceacpacha a haon. Qn oapa bliaoain Do Chonall -| 
DO Cheallac. TTlaolbpffail ] TTIaolanpaiDh oecc, ~| plann Gnaigh Do uin. 
Do Chenel cConaill 5 u ^an mopen. 

Qoif Cpiofc, f e ceo cfcpaca a DO. Qn cpeaf bliabam Do Chonall ) Do 
Cheallach. S. Cponan 6fcc, ef puce nQonopoma, oecc an 7 lanuapn. pupao- 
pdn, mac beicce, mic Cnanach, coifec Ua TTlec Uaif, Decc. huaifle injfn 
Suibne, mic Colmdin, bfn paoldin, pijh Caijfn, Decc. Cach ^ab'pa ecip 
Laijhnibh pein. 

Qoip Cpiof c, f e ceo cfcpacha acpf. Qn cfcpamab blia&ain DO Chonall, 
1 DO Cheallach. Dunchao, mac piachna, mic Demain, pi UlaD, Decc. 

Qoif Cpiofc, f e ceo cfcpacha a cfcaip. Qn cuicceao bliaoain Do Chonall 
j DO Cheallach. bolccluaca, cijhfpna Ua cCeinnf flaij, Decc. 

Qoif Cpiof c, f e ceo ceacpacha a cuicc. Qn f eif ea6 bliaoain Do Chonall 
1 oo Cheallach. S. TTIac Laifpe, abb bfnncaip, oecc an 16 TTlaii. 

of the Mac Gillapatricks, or Fitzpatricks, of 
Ossory. In the Annals of Cloumacnoise the 
death of Scanlan More macKeanfoyle is entered 
under A. D. 642. 

' Laech Liathmhuine : i. e. the Hero of Liath- 
nihuin. There are several places in the county 
of Cork called Liathmhuine ; but the place here 
referred to is Cloch-Liathmhuine, in the parish 
of Kilgullane, in the barony of Fermoy. This 
Guana is called Mac Cailchine by Keating, and 
In the Life of St. Molagga, published by Colgan 
at 20th January, who describes him as a chief- 
tain of unbounded hospitality, and the rival in 
that quality of his half brother, Guaire Aidhne, 
King of Connaught : 

" Regni deinde" [i.e. post Donaldum] "socie- 
tatem iniverant Conajlus Tenuis, et Cellachus, 
Moelcobii filii, nepotes Hugonis seu Aidi, An- 
meri pronepotes: quibus pari regnandi postes- 
tate gaudentibus, fatis concessit Cuanus Cail- 
cheni filius, Caoc Ciarriiume, Fearmuiffi Rex, 
qui Guario Colmani filio cooetaneus, parem 



cum eo libe-ralitatem, et in egenos erogationem 
exercuit." Lynch. See a curious reference to 
this contest of generosity between Cuanna and 
Guaire, in the Life of St. Molagga Ada SS., 
pp. 146, 148. 

This Guana was the descendant of the cele- 
brated Druid and hero, Mogh Both, who re- 
ceived a grant of the territory of Feara-Muigh- 
feine, now Fermoy, from Fiacha Muilleathan, 
King of Munster, for the extraordinary services 
which he had rendered to the Munster forces in 
driving the monarch, Cormac Mac Art, from 
Munster See Colgan's Acta SS., p. 148, n. 2, 
and note r , under A. D. 266, p. 117, supra. 
Colgan refers to various authorities for this 
contest of generosity between Guana and his 
half-brother, Guaire Aidhne, and, among others, 
to an ancient manuscript of Clonmacnoise called 
Leabhar-na h Uidhre (a fragment of which is now 
preserved in the Library of the Royal Irish Aca- 
demy). His words are: " Celebris est hfec com- 
petentia in nostris historiis, de qua Ketinus in 



641.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



259 



Guana, son of Ailcen, chief of Feara-Maighe [Fermoy], died. He was [the 
person who was called] Laech Liathmhuine 1 . 

The Age of Christ, 641. The second year of Conall and Ceallach. Mael- 
breasail and Maelanfaidh k died ; and Flann Enaigh was mortally w.ounded. 
These were of the Cinel-Conaill-Gulban. 

The Age of Christ, 642. The third year of Conall and Ceallach. St. Cronan 
Beg 1 , Bishop of Aendruim, died on the 7th of January. Furadhran, son of Bee, 
son of Cuanach, chief of Ui-Mic-Uais m , died. Uaisle n , daughter of Suibhne, son 
of Colman, wife of Faelan, King of Leinster, died. The battle of Gabhra [was 
fought] between the Leinstermen themselves. 

The Age of Christ, 643. The fourth year of Conall and Ceallach. Dun- 
chadh p , son of Fiachna, son of Deman, Bang of Ulidia, died. 

The Age of Christ, 644. The fifth year of Conall and Ceallach. Bolglua- 
tha q , Lord of Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, died. 

The Age of Christ, 645. The sixth year of Conall and Ceallach. Mac 
Laisre r , Abbot of Beannchair [Bangor], died on the 16th of May. Raghallach 8 , 



historia Regum Hibernise. Item in actis Com- 
gani et Conatti, et in actis etiam ipsius CuaruB a 
Fiacho" [filio Lyrii\ " synchrono eleganter con- 
scriptis quse etiamnum in magno pretio extant 
hodie in celebri illo et vetusto codice Cluanensi, 
quern Leabhar-na-hUidhre vocant." Ada SS., 
p. 149, n. 14. 

k Maelbreasail and Madanfaidh, " A. D. 643. 
Jugulatio duorum nepotum Bogaine, L e. Ma,elbrea- 
sail et Maelanfait. Guin Flainn Aenaig. MOTS 
Breasail mic seachnasaich." Ann. Ult. 

Cronan Beg. " A. D. 642. Quies Cronain 
Episcopi nOindromo." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 642. Cronan, Bishop of Indroyme, 
died." Ann. Clon. 

m Ui-Mic- Uais. This name is still preserved 
in the barony of Moygoish, in the county of 
Westmeath. 

" A. D. 644. Mors Furudrain mic Bece, mic 
Cuanach ri Ua mice Uais." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 642. Furadrayn, the son of Beag, mic 
Briwyn, or C wanagh, prince of Mack waiss, died." 

2 



Ann. Clon. 

" Uaisle " A. D. 642. Mors hUaisle, filire 
Suibne. Ann. Clon. 

" A. D. 642. Uaisle, in English, Oentle, daugh- 
ter of Swyne mac Colman, King of Meath, Queen 
of Lynster (she was wife to Foylan, King of 
Lynster), died." 

Gabhra: i. e. Gabhra- Liffe, not Gabhra, near 
the Boyne. 

" Dunchadh. " A. D. 646. Rex Uloth Duncat 
Ud Konain jugulatus." Ann. Ult. 

Bolgluatha. " A. D. 646. Bettum Colgan mac 
Crunnmael Builggluatha ri hUae Cennselaig." 
Ann. Utt. 

* Mac Laisre. " A. D. 645. Mac Laisre Abbas 
Bennchair quievit." Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 642. Maclaisre, abbot of Beanchor, 
died." Ann. Clon. 

' RaghaUach His death is entered ia the 

Annals of Ulster at the year 648, which is more 
correct. In the Annals of Clonmacnoise it is 
incorrectly entered under the year 642, and the 
L2 



260 



[645. 



allach, mac Uacach, p.i Connachc, DO mapbab la TTlaolbpishoe, mac TTloc- 
lacain, Dia Dorhnaij Do punnpaoh, Oia nebpaoh : 

Rajallach, mac Uacach, goeca Do mum jeileich, 

TTIuipfnO oechmon po cic, Cacal oechmon oepich. 

hi speip amu DO Cacal, cia concola prab piojaibh, 

Ciapa Cachal cen achaip, nf a achaip cen Dfojail. 

ITlibfb pfch aopoc ofjail, acap uipo a pioneac, 

^onao pe pipu coigac, oipgfb pe oipgne oeac. 

TTlo cuicpi i ccuma caich, oiojail Rajallaij po paic, 
, a ulcha leich im laim, ITlaoilbpijoi, mic ITloclachain. 



Cach Caipn Conaill pia nOiapmaio, mac Gooha Slaim, pop ^uaipe, DU in 
po mapbab an Da Cudn, .1. Cudn, mac 6nDa, pf ITluriian,-] Cuotn, mac Conaill, 
caoipech Ua pijfnce, -) Uolamnach, coipech Ua Liacain, -] po meabaiD pop 
^uaipe a hionaD an cacha. Ipeab cfcup Do luib Oiapmaic DO cabaipr in 
cara po cpia Cluain mic Noip. Oo pfjfnpac mpom pamab Ciapain eacla 
ppi Oia paip, co ripaD plan Dioncoib a ccopaijfchca pom. lap poaoh laparh 
in pijh po eaohbaip Uuaim nGipc co na poblaib pfponn (.1. Ciac TTlanchain) 



translator adds that the O'Reillys are descended 
from this Eaghallach. 

"A. D. 642 [rccte 649]. Eagally mac Fwa- 
dagh, King of Connaught, was deadly wounded 
and killed by one Moyle-Bride O'Mothlan. Of 
this King Ragally issued the O'Rellyes." 

This interpolation is, however, incorrect, for 
the O'Reillys (of East Breifny or Cavan) are 
descended from Raghallach, son of Cathalan, son 
of Dubhcron, son of Maelmordha, the eleventh 
in descent from Fearghus, the common ancestor 
of the O'Reillys, O'Rourkes, and O'Conors of 
Connaught. But this Raghallach, sonofUatach, 
is the ancestor of the O'Conors, kings of Con- 
naught. He had three sons : 1. Fearghus, the 
father of Muireadhach Muilleathan, the ances- 
tor of the O'Conors ; 2. Cathal, who is men- 
tioned in the text as the avenger of his father ; 
and 3. Ceallach. See Hardiman's edition of 
O'Flaherty's lar- Connaught, p. 130. 



' Muireann. It is stated in an interlined gloss 
that she was the wife of Raghallach. 

" Lamented The verb po cic is glossed, inter 
lineas, ".i. po cain." 

"Avenged, oepich. This is glossed po oipc, 
which, in the Brehon laws, signifies to punish, 
fine, revenge. " Nocha n-oipcche neach ma 
cinaiD coip o Concobap ; no one was fined for 
his real crime by Conchobhar." MS. T. C. D., 
H. 4. 22, p. 67. 

1 Cam- Conaill. It appears from an account 
of this battle, preserved in Leabkar na-h Uidhri, 
in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, that 
Carn-Chonaill is situated in the territory of 
Aidhne, which was coextensive with the diocese 
of Kilmacduagh, in the county of Galway. This 
place is probably that now called Ballyconnell, 
in the parish of Kilbecanty, near Gort. The 
battle is noticed in the Annals of Ulster, under 
the year 648 ; and in the Annals of Clonmac- 



645.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 261 

son of Uatach, King of Connaught, was killed by Maelbrighde, son of Moth- 

lachan, on Sunday precisely, of which was said : 

Raghallach, son of Uatach, was pierced on the back of a white steed ; 

Muireann 1 hath well lamented" him, Cathal hath well avenged w him. 

Cathal is this day in battle, though he is bound [to peace] in the presence of kings ; 

Though Cathal is without a father, his father is not without being revenged. 

Estimate his terrible revenge from the account of it related ; 

He slew six men and fifty, he committed sixteen devastations. 

I had my share like another, in the revenge of Raghallach, 

I have the grey beard in my hand of Maelbrighde, son of Mothlachan. 

The battle of Cam Conaill 1 [was gained] by Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine, 
against Guaire, wherein were slain the two Cuans, namely, Cuan, son of Enda, 
King of Munster, and Cuan, son of Conall, chief of Ui-Fidhgeinte y ; and Tolamh- 
nach, chief of Ui-Liathain z ; and Guaire was routed from the battle field. Diar- 
maid, on his way to this battle, went first through Cluain-mic-Nois. The 
congregation of St. Ciaran made supplication to God that he might return sale, 
through the merits of their guarantee. After the king's return, he granted 
Tuaim nEirc a (i. e. Liath-Manchain), with its sub-divisions of land, as altar-sod b , 

noise under 642, as follows : with the appurtenances, now called Lyavanchan, 

" A. D. 648. Bellum Cairn Conaill, ubi Guaire in honor of God and St. Keyran, to be held free 

fugit, et Diarmait mac Aedo Slaine victor erat." without any charge in the world, insomuch 

Ann. Ult. that the King of Meath might not thencefoorth 

" A. D. 642 [recte 649]. The battle of Carn challenge a draught of water thereout by way 

Conell, in the Feast of Pentecost, was given by of any charge." Ann. Clon. 
Dermot mac Hugh Slane ; and going to meet 7 Ui-Fidhgeinte. A large territory in the 

his enemies went to Clonvicknose to make his present county of Limerick See note m , under 

devotion to St. Keyran, was met by the abbot, A. D. 1178, p. 44. 

prelates, and clergy of Clonvicknose in proces- * Ui-Liathain. A territory in the county of 

sion, where they prayed God and St. Keyran to Cork. bee note', under A. M. 2859, p. 11, 

give him the victory over his enemies, which and note , under A. D. 1579, p. 1722. 
God granted at their requests; for they had the " Tuaim nEirc : i. e. Erc's Mound, or tumulus. 

victory, and slew Cwan, King of Mounster, and This was the original name of the place where 

Cwan mac Conell, King of 'I-Feiginty, and so the old church of Lemanaghan, in the barony of 

giving the foyle to his enemies returned to Garrycastle, and King's County, now stands in 

Clonvicknose again, to congratulate the clergy ruins See note k , under A. D. 1531, p. 1402. 
by whose intercession he gained that victory, b Altar-sod Literally land on the altar, i. e. 

and bestowed on them for ever Toymenercke, land belonging to the altar, i. e. church-land. 






262 



[646. 



ariiail poo pop alcoip, DO Oia -\ DO Chiapan, -\ DO bfpe ceopa epipee (.1. mal- 
lacc) pop pish TTliDhe oia nibfoh neach Dm mumcip ci6 Digh nuipce ann. 
ConaD Depin Do peogape Oiapmaice a aDnacal hi cCluain mic Noip. 

Cloip Cpiopc, pe ceD, cfepacha ape. Ctn peaccmaD blia&am Do Chonall 
-] DO Chellach. Cach Ouin Cpiomeamn pia Conall -\ pia cCealtach, Da mac 
TTIaoilcoba, pop Ctonjup, mac Oomnaill,-] po mapbaD Ctongup pan char pm, 
1 po mapbaD cine Carhapach, mac Oomnaill bpic, pan each pin beop. TTlaol- 
coba mac piachna, mic Oemain pi Ula6, Do mapbaD la Congal cCfnnpooa, 
mic Ounchaoha. 

Qofp Cpiope, pe ceD cfcpacha a peachc. Ctn cochemab bliaoam Do 
Chonall 1 DO Chellach. OunchaD ~\ Conall, Da mac blaicmeic, mic Ctooha 
Slaine, Do mapbaD la Lai^mb i ccuppaec muilinn TTlaoloDpain, mic Ofoma 
Cpoin. TTlapcan -\ TTlaolobpan po jon iaD anofp, ap DO popaioh TTlaoloDpan, 

Q rhuilino, po melc anba DO cuipinn, 

Mi bo coimmelc pop peipblinD, an poimeilr pop Uib [Sil] Cfpbaill. 
Qn span meilep an TTluileann, nf coipce ace ap ofpg cuipeann, 
6a DO sepccaib an cpoinn mdip, pocha muilinn Tllaoilo&pain. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cfcpacha a hochc. Ctn naomaD bliaDain Do Chonall 
1 DO Cheallach. TTlaincheni, abb TTleanaDpoichic, DO ecc. lomaipecc Cuile 



' ' Dun-Crimhthainn. This was the name of a 
fort situated on the Hill of Howth, to the north 
of the city of Dublin See note h , under A. D. 
9, p. 92, supra. In the Annals of Ulster this 
battle is mentioned under the year 649, as fol- 
lows: 

"A. D. 649. Bellum Duin Cremthainn, in 
quo cecidit Oengus mac Domhnaill, filii Maelcobo 
.i. Cellach et Conall Gael, viclores erant: Mors 
Cathusaig mic Domhnaill Brie." 

d Mill of Maelodhran. Connell Mageoghegan, 
in his translation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 
states that this mill is near Mullingar : 

" A. D. 648. The two sons of Hugh Slane, 
Donogh and Conell, were killed by the Lynster- 
men, near Mollingare, in the mill of Oran, called 
Mollen-Oran." 



The place where this mill stood is still well 
known, and is called Muilleann-Odhrain, anglice 
Mullenoran. It is situated near Lough Owel, 
in the parish of Portnashangan, in the county 
of Westmeath, where there was a mill till about 
the middle of the last century. 

The killing of these sons of Blathmac is men- 
tioned in the Annals of Ulster at 650, and in 
the Annals of Tighernach at 651, which is the 
true year See a short article on the Antiquity 
of Corn in Ireland in the Dublin P. Journal, 
vol. i. p. 108-110, where the Editor published 
this passage. . 

e Wheat In the Annals of Tighernach the 
reading is : "a riiuilino cia po melc, mop DO 
cuipino. Ah mill ! what hast thou ground ? 
Great thy wheat." 



646.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



203 



to God and to St. Ciaran ; and he gave three maledictions (i. e. curses) to that 
king whose people should take even a drink of water there. Wherefore Diar- 
maid ordered his burial-place at Cluain-mic-Nois. 

The Age of Christ, 646. The seventh year of Conall and Ceallach. The 
battle of Dun-Crimhthainn c [was gained] by Conall and Ceallach, the two sons 
of Maelcobha, over Aenghus, son of Dorahnall ; and Aenghus was slain in this 
battle ; and there was also slain in this same battle Cathasach, son of Domhnall 
Breac. Maelcobha, son of Fiachna, son of Deman, King of Ulidia, was slain by 
Congal Ceannfoda, son of Dunchadha. 

The Age of Christ, 647. The eighth year of Conall and Ceallach. Duh- 
chadh and Conall, two sons of Blathmac, son of Aedh Slaine, were slain by the 
Leinstermen, in the mill-race of the mill of Maelodhran d , son of Dima Cron. 
Marcan and Maelodhran mortally wounded the two ; of which Maelodhran said: 

mill ! which grindedst much of wheat 8 ; 

It was not grinding oats f thou wert, when thou didst grind the seed of Cear- 

bhall. 

The grain which the mill has ground is not oats, but red wheat, 
With the scions of the great tree* Maelodhran's mill was fed. 

The Age of Christ, 648. The ninth year of Conall and Ceallach. Main-, 
cheni, Abbot of Meanadrochit h , died. The battle of Cuil-corra', by Aeldeith 



' Grinding oats In the Annals of Tighernach 
the reading is : "ni po coimelc pop peppuino, 
upo tnelc pop UiB Ceapouill," which is the 
true reading. 

g The great tree. This great tree was Cearbhall. 
In the Annals of Tighernach the reading is : " lp 
oipojla in cpuinn maip poca oo thuilmo a 
ITIailoopain." 

For a historical dissertation on the antiquity 
of mills in Ireland, see the Ordnance Memoir of 
the Parish of Templemore, County of London- 
derry, p. 215; and Petrie's History and Anti- 
quities of Tara Hill, pp. 1 38-1 4 1 . The first mill 
ever erected in Ireland was placed on the stream 
of Nith, now the River Gabhra, near Tara, by 
King Cormac Mac Art, in the third century. 



Its site is still pointed out, and near t 'its sites 
stands the modern mill of Lisnamullen. 

h Meanadroichit. For the situation of this 
place see note ", under the year 600, p. 225, 
supra. In the Annals of Ulster these entries 
are given under the year 651, as follows : 

"A. D. 651. Dormitatio Maencha iu abbot in 
Menodrochit. Imaric Guile coire, in qua cecidit 
Culene mac Forindain. Maeldeich et Onchu 
victores Brant." 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise the death of 
" Manchynus, Abbot of Menadrochat," is entered 
under the year 649, which is certainly antedated. 

1 Cuil-corra : i. e. the Corner or Angle of the 
Weir or Dam, now Coolarn, near Galtrim, in 
the county of Meath. 



264 aNNdta Rio^hachca eiReawn. [649. 

coppa pia nQoloeir -] pia nOncoin, DU in po mapbaoh Cillne, mac popannam, 
coipech Ua bpcnlje. Cugarhna, mac Suibne, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo cfrpacha anaoi. Qn oeachmab blia&am Do Chonall 
1 DO Cheallach. S. Cponan TTlaighe bile Oecc, an peachcmab la Do mi 
Qujupc. Cach aipcip Sheola, i Connachcaib, pia cCennpaolab.mac Colgain, 
1 pia TTIaonach, mac baoicin, coipech Ua mbpiuin, in po mapbab TTlapcan, 
mac Uoimeine, coipec Ua TTlaine. pfpgup mac Domnaill, -) pfpjuj", mac 
l?ajallai j, -| Qooh bfrpa, mac Cuimmine, Do rhapbaD la hUib Piachpach 
CtiDne. Qooh T?6in, mac TTlaoilcoba, Decc. TTlaelDoiD, mac Suibne, plaic 
TTliDe, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD caojac. Qn caonmaD bliaDam Decc Do Chonall ~\ 
Do Chellach. Qiccen, abb Uipe Da jlap, Decc. Cailcen 6 Lochpa Decc. Cach 
pifpcaijj pia cCpunnmaol, mac Suibne, coipech Cenel Gojain, aipm in po 
mapbaD Cumapcach, mac Oiliolla, coipech Ua Cperhramn. Cpumomaol 
Gpbuilgj, mac T?onam, coipech Laijfn Ofpgabaip, Decc. S. bfpaib, abb 
Duiblinne, Do ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD caoja a haon. Qn Dapa blia&am Decc Do Chonall 
1 DO Cheallach. S. Qeohlujj, mac Cummain, abb Cluana mic Noip, [oecc] 
an 26 pebpuapn. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD caoccac a Do. Qn cpeap blia&am Decc Do na piojaib 
pempaibce. S. Colman, eppcop, mac Qicelouib, abb Cluana hlopaipo, Decc 
8 pebpuapn. S. Oippene poca, ab Cluana hlopaipo, Decc TTlan 1. S. Oa- 
chua Luachpa, abb pfpna, Decc. 

k Magh-Ule. Now Movilla, in the county of province of Connaught, was slain, and Cean- 

Down. " A. D. 547. Cronan of Moville, died." foyle mac Colgan, and Moynagh, son of Bwy- 

Ann. Clon. hyn, had the upper hand." Ann. Clon. 

1 Airtfier-Seola : i. e. the eastern side or part m Fearghus, son of Domhnall. " A. D. 653. 

of Magh-Seola, a plain included in the present Jugulatio Fergusi mic Domhnaill, Ferguso mic 

barony of Clare, in the county of Galway. In Eogaillnig, et Aedo Bedri et Cumineni." Ann. 

the Annals of Ulster this battle is noticed under Ult. 

the year 652, and in the Annals of Clonmacnoise " Maeldoid. " A. D. 650. Moyledoy mac 

at 649, thus : Swyne, King of Meath, died." Ann. Clon. 

" A. D. 652. Bellum Connacht, in quo cecidit Aithchen. " A. D. 655. Mors Maelaichlein 

Marcan, jttius Tomaini." Ann. Ult. Tire-da-glass." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 649. The battle of Connaught, wherein " A. D. 652. Aihgionn, Abbot of Tierdaglass, 

Marcan mac Tomayn, Prince of Imain, in the and Cailkine of Lohra, died." Ann. Clon. 



049-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 265 

and Onchu, where Cillene, son of Forannan, chief of Ui-Failghe [Offaly], was 
slain. Cugamhna, son of Suibhne, died. 

The Age of Christ, 649. The tenth year of Conall and Ceallach. St. Cro- 
nan of Magh-bile k died on the seventh day of the month of August. The battle 
of Airther-Seola 1 , in Connaught, by Ceannfaeladh, son of Colgan and Maenach, 
son of Baeithin, chief of Ui-Briuin, in which was slain Marcan, son of Toimen, 
chief of Ui-Maine. Fearghus, son of Domhnall m , and Fearghus, son of Eagh- 
allach, and Aedh Beathra, son of Cuimin, were killed by the Ui-Fiachrach- 
Aidhne. Aedh Eoin, son of Maelcobha, died. Maeldoid", son of Suibhne, 
chief of Meath, died. 

The Age of Christ, 650. The eleventh year of Conall and Ceallach. Aith- 
chen, Abbot of Tir-da-ghlas [Terryglass], died. Cailcen, of Lothra, died. 
The battle of Fleascach p , by Crunnmael, son of Suibhne, chief of Cinel-Eoghain, 
in which was slain Cumascach, son of Oilioll, chief of Ui-Cremhthainn. Crunn- 
mael' 1 Erbuilg, son of Eonan, chief of South Leinster r , died. St. Bearaidh, 
Abbot of Duibhlinn 8 , died. 

The Age of Christ, 651. The twelfth year of Conall and Ceallach. St. 
Aedhlug', son of Cummain, Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, [died] on the 26th of 
February. 

The Age of Christ, 652. The thirteenth year of the kings aforesaid. St. 
Colman, the bishop, son of Aiteldubh, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird [Clonard], died 
on the 8th of February. St. Oissene Fota, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird, died on the 
1st of May. St. Dachu Luachra, Abbot of Fearna [Ferns], died. 

p Fkascach. Not identified. In the Annals " Duibhlinn. Now Dublin, but it was origi- 

of Ulster this battle is called " Bellum Cumas- nally the name of the estuary of the River Liffey. 

caig," thus: See note , under. A. D. 291, p. 122, supra. 

"A. D. 655. Bellum Cumascaig mic Ailello, * Aedhlug " A. D. 651. Quies Aidlogo mic 

in quo" [ilk, i.e. Cumascach] "cecidit; Cruinn- Comain Abbas Cluana mic Nois." Ann. Ult. 
mael mac Suibne victor erat." " Colman, the bishop, fyc. "A. D. 653. Colman 

11 Crunnmael. " A. D. 655. Mors Crunmnail Epixcopus mac Cudelduib, et Ossene Fota, duo 

Erbuilc, micRona,m,regi$Lageniensium." Ann, Ablates Cluana Iraird, obierunt. Ducua? Locre 

Ult. abbas Fernann, quievit." Ann. Ult. 

' South Leinster. Laighin Deasgabhair. This " A. D. 651. Colman, Bishop, mac Vihelly, 

was the name of the country of the Ui-Ceinn- and Ossynie Foda, two abbots of Clonarde, died 

sealaigh, for the extent of which see note under in one year. Dachwa Lwachra, abbot of Femes 

A. D. 1183. died."-wl7m. Clon* 

2M 



266 



[654. 



Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo caoccac a cfcaip. Ct cuig Decc Do Chonalli DO 
Cheallach. S. Nem TTlac Ua 6ipn, .1. comapba Gnne Qipne, DO ecc 14 luni. 
Suibne, mac Cuipcpe, abb lae, Decc. Coincenn Cille Sleb'e Decc. Cach 
Oelenn, aipm map mapbao UlaolDoio mac Conaing. 

Goip Cpiopc, pe ceo caoccac a cuicc. Qn peipeaD bliaDain Decc Do 
Chonall-) DO Chetlach. S. TTlocaorhocc, abb Lech moip, Decc an cpeap la 
Decc DO TTlhapca. Upi bliahna Decc ap ceirpe ceo poD a paojoil, arhail 
Deapbup in pann : 

Saojat TTlocaomocc Leic, nocha cealac cpeoin na cpeich, 
Upi btiaDna Decc ceicpe ceD, ni baojal ni hiomaip bpeg. 



w St. Nem. " A. D. 654. Nem Macu-Brin 
pausat." Ann. UU. 

* Enne, of Ara : i. e. St. Endeus or Eany of 
Aranmore, an island in the Bay of Gal way. The 
church of this saint was situated at the small 
village of Killeany, on this island. See Col- 
gan's Ada SS., p. 714, and Hardiman's edition 
of O'Flaherty's lar-Connavght, p. 74, et seq. 

y Suibhne. " A. D. 656. Obitus Suibnii mic 
Cuirtri, abbatis Ice." Ann. UU. 

" A. D. 553. Swyne mac Cwirtre, Abbot of 
Hugh" [lona], " died." Ann. Clon. 

' Cill-Sleibhe : i. e. Cill-Sleibhe-Cuillinn, now 
Killeavy, situated at the foot of Slieve Gullion, 
near Newry, in the county of Armagh. See 
note p , under the year 517, p. 168, supra. In 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise the death of this 
Coinnchenn is entered under the year 634. 

" Delenn. This is probably Telenn, in the 
west of the county of Donegal. In the Annals 
of Ulster this battle is entered under the year 
656: 

" A. D. 656. Bdlum Delend, in quo interfectus 
est Maeldeut mac ConailL" 

11 Mochaemhog Called in Latin Pulcherius. 
His death is entered in -the Annals of Ulster 
under A. D. 655. Colgan has published a Life 
of this saint at 13th March, from the Codex 
Kilkenniensis, from which it appears that his 



father, Beoan, who was of the Conmaicne of 
Connaught, fled to Munster, and settled in 
Ui-Conail Gabhra in Munster, where he mar- 
ried Nessa (the sister of the celebrated St. Ita, 
of Killeedy, in the present county of Limerick), 
who became the mother of this saint. His first 
name was Coemghin, but St. Ita afterwards 
changed this to Mochaemhog, which the writer 
of his life interpreted " Meus pulcher juvenis." 

" Unde meruit Beoanus ut haberet talem 
filium, qui coram Deo et hominibus magnus 
erit, cujus memoria erit in seternum. Et ad- 
didit, dicens; ipse erit pulcher et senex. Inde 
dederunt ei nomen primum .i. Coemhghin : sed 
hoc nomen evertit ipsa Sancta Dei" [Ita] " vo- 
cans eum per dilectionem nomine, quo vulgo 
nominatur .i. Mochoemog : quod latine dicitur 
meus pulcher juvenis." Acta Sanctorum, p. 590 

The principal church of this saint, called 
Liath-mor, or Liath-Mochaemhog, is described 
in the gloss to the Feilire-Aenguis, as in the 
southern Ely, in Munster. It is now called 
Liath Mochaemhog (anglice Leamokevoge), and 
is situated in the parish of Two-Mile-Burris, in 
the barony of Elyogarty, and county of Tippe- 
rary. This barony was anciently called the 
territory of South Ely (Gile oeipctpc) to dis- 
tinguish it from Ely-O'Carroll, which is in- 
cluded in the present King's County. The 



654.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



267 



The Age of Christ, 654. The fifteenth year of Conall and Ceallach. 
St. Nem w Mac Ua-Birn, successor of Enne, of Ara x , died on the 14th of June. 
Suibhne 5 ", son of Cuirtre, Abbot of la, died. Coincenn, of Cill-Sleibhe z , died. 
The battle of Delenn a , in which Maeldoid, son of Conaing, was slain. 

The Age of Christ, 655. The sixteenth year of Conall and Ceallach. 
St. Mochaemhog b , Abbot of Liath-mor, died on the third day of March. Thir- 
teen years and four hundred was the length of his life, as this quatrain proves : 

The age of Mochaemhog of Liath, which the great or poor deny not, 
Thirteen years four hundred", without danger, without exaggeration. 



ruins of two churches, one of which is of great 
antiquity, are now to be seen at Liath-Mocho- 
emhog, but the saint's festival is no longer kept 
or scarcely known in the parish. There is ano- 
ther church called Cill TTlocaemojj, from this 
saint, in the barony of Ida, and county of Kil- 
kenny; but the peasantry are beginning to 
corrupt it to Kill-Ivory, from a false notion 
that Caemhog denotes ivory.' Colgan's valuable 
note on the signification of the name of this 
saint is well worth the attention of the reader, 
and the Editor is tempted to lay the whole of it 
before him in this place : 

" Meus pulcher juvenis, fyc. Pro his et aliis 
similibus intelligendis adverte tria ; Primum 
quod dictio Hibernica coemh. prout veteres scri- 
bunt, sen, ut hodie scribitur caomh, idem sit 
quod pulcher, speciosus, vel delectans, et gein 
idem quod genitus vel natus, ita ut Coemhghein, 
idem sit quod pulcher genitus, seu natus. 2, Quod 
mo, idem sit quod mi vel metis; estque particula 
indicans affectum possessionem vel observantiam 
rei cui prasfigitur. Unde apud Priscos Hibernos 
prsefigebatur et conjungebatur nominibus pro- 
priis, maxime sanctorum, ita quod ex utraque 
coalesceret una dictio, quae postea in nomen 
proprium cedebat. Quando autem nomen istud 
incipiebat a vocali tune littera o elisa, litera m 
jungebatur vocali sequent!. Tertium quod quod 
oc vel og, an, en, et in in fine dictionum apud 

2 M 



Hibernos maxime priscos indicent quandam 
diminutionem, seu nomina desinentia, saltern 
propria esse diminutiva. Ex his contingit 
eandem numero personam in nostris Hagiolo- 
giis aliisque historiis variis secundum apparen- 
tiam nominibus appellari,v.g.idem.Lua,.Lttaws, 
Molna, Moluanus scribitur. Item Cuanus, Mo- 
chuanus, Erninus, Ernenus, Ernanus, Mernanus, 
et Mernocus; Etiinus, Meltinus, et Melteocus Di- 
manus, Modhimocus; Lochinus, Lochenus, Loch-' 
anus. Et ad propositubi nostrum idem Mochoe- 
mocus, Mochoemogus, Coemanus, et respiciendo 
ad vocis significationem Pidcherius, quam ap- 
pellationem quia facilior et latinis gratior dux- 
imus plerumque in hac vita retinendam, licet 
in vetusto Codice cujus autigraphum habemus 
sanctus hie passim vocetur Mochoemhoc." 
Acta Sanctorum, p. 596, n. 9. 

Four hundred, ceirpe ceo. This is clearly 
a mistake for ap coeih c6o, above one hundred ; 
but with whom it originated it would be now 
difficult to determine. Colgan has the following 
remarks upon it : 

" Sed hie obviandum duxi insulso lapsui 
cujusdam anonimi, qui ad Marianum in margine 
addit quendam versum Hibernicum, qui alios 
traxit in errorem : quo nempe indicat S. Mo- 
choemocum vixisse annis 14 supra quadrin- 
gintos, ubi meo judicio debuit scribere sitpra 
centum, &c." Acta Sanctorum, p. 509. 

2 



268 



[656. 



Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo caoccac a pe. 3. Ullcan Tllac Hi Concobaip, 6 Qpo 
bpfccam, Decc an cfcparhab la DO Sepcembep, mpp an ochcmoccac bliaDam 
ap cfc a aoiyi. 

lap mbfic peachc mbtia&na Oecc op Gpmn DO Chonall -] Do Cheallach, Da 
mac TTlaoilcoba, mic Clooha, mic Qinmipech, DO cfp Conall la Oiapmaic, 
mac QoDha Slaine, -\ acbail Ceallach i mbpuj TTlic an Og. blacmac, mac 
TTlaoilcoba, pf Ula6, a ecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD caoccac a peachc. Qn ceD blia&ain Do Oiapmaic 
1 DO blachmac, Da mac QoDha Slaine, mic DiapmaDa, mic pfpgupa Cepp- 
beoil, i pighe nGpeann. Ceallach, mac Sapctin, abb Ochna moipe, Decc. 
TTlochua, mac Londin, Decc. Ounchao, mac QoDha Slaine, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceD caoccar a hochc. Qn Dapa blia6am DoDiajimaic 
1 DO blarmac. Oioma Dub, eppcop Conoejie, Deg an 6 lanuapn. Cummine, 
eppcop nQonopoma, Decc. 8. Sillan, eppcop Oaiminpi, Decc an 17 Tllan. 
6ochai6, mac blairmic, mic Qo6a Slaine, Decc. Qilill, mac Ounchaoa, mic 
Qoba Slaine, Decc. Conall Cpannoannna Decc. Gojan, mac Cuacalam, Decc. 
paolan, coipech Opnaiji, Do mapbaD la Laijmb. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceD caoccac anaoi. Qn cpeap bliaoam DO Oiapmaic 
1 DO blacmac. Oenmel, eppcop CinngapaD, Decc an 18 pebpuapn. piondn 



d St. UlUan. In the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
the death of Ultan, son of OHJonnor, is entered 
under 653, but in the Annals of Ulster, "Obitus 
Ultain mic U-Concubair," is entered twice, first 
under the year 656, and again under 662, 
" secundum alium librum." The Annotations of 
Tirechan on the Life of St. Patrick, are stated 
in the Book of Armagh (fol. 16), to have been 
taken from the mouth of Ultanus, first Bishop 
of thfe Conchubrenses, i. e. of the Dal Conchu- 
bhair of Ardbraccan. The festival of this saint 
is set down in the Feilire-Aenguis, and in 
O'Clery's Irish Calendar at 4th September. It 
is remarked in the latter that he educated and 
fed with his own hands all the children who 
were without education in Ireland, and that he 
was one hundred and eighty-nine years old 
when he resigned his spirit to heaven in the 



year 656. 

"Ard-Breacain: i. e. Breacan's Height, or hill, 
now Ardbraccan, the diocesan seat of the 
Bishop of Meath, about three miles from the 
town of Navan, in the county of Meath. This 
place derived its name from St. Breacan, who 
erected a church here, before the time of St. 
Ulltan, but afterwards fixed his principal es- 
tablishment at Templebraccan, on the Great 
Island of Aran, in the Bay of Gal way, where his 
festival was celebrated on the 1st of May. 

' Brugh-Mic-an- Og : i. e. the Brugh, or Fort 
of Aenghus Og, commonly called Aenghus an 
Bhrogha, son of Daghda, King of the Tuatha 
De Dananns. This place is situated near Stack- 
allan Bridge, near the village of Slane, in the 
county of Meath. See Book of Lecan, fol. 279, 
p. b. In the Annals of Ulster, "Mors Ceallaigh 



\, 



656.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



269 



The Age of Christ, 656. St. Ulltan d Mac-Ui-Conchobhair, of Ard-Breacain e , 
died on the fourth day of September, after [completing] the one hundred and 
eightieth year of his reign. 

After Conall and Ceallach, the two sons of Maelcobha, son of Aedh, son of 
Ainmire, had been seventeen years over Ireland, Conall was slain by Diarmaid, 
son of Aedh Slaine ; and Ceallach died at Brugh-Mic-an-Og 5 . Blathmac, son 
of Maelcobha, King of Ulidia, died. 

The Age of Christ, 657. The first year of Diarmaid and Blathmac, two 
sons of Aedh Slaine, son of Diarmaid, son of Fearghus Cerrbheoil, in the sove- 
reignty of Ireland. Ceallach, son of Saran, Abbot of Othan-mor g , died. Mochua, 
son of Lonan, died. Dunchadh, son of Aedh Slaine h , died. 

The Age of Christ, 658. The second year of Diarmaid and Blathmac. 
Dima Dubh', Bishop of Conner, died on the 6th of January. Cummine, Bishop 
of Aendruim [Nendrum, in Loch Cuan] , died. St. Sillan, Bishop of Daimhinis k , 
died on the 17th of May. Eochaidh, son of Blathmac 1 , son of Aedh Slaine, 
died. Ailill m , son of Dunchadh, son of Aedh Slaine, died. Conall Cranndamhna", 
died. Faelan , chief of Osraighe, was slain by the Leinstermen. 

The Age of Christ, 659. The third year of Diarmaid and Blathmac. Da- 
niel, Bishop of Ceann-garadh p , died on the 18th of February. Finan q , son of 



mic Maelcobo" is noticed under the year 657, 
but no mention is made of the killing of Conall. 

*0than-mor. NowFahan, near Lough S willy, 
in the barony of Inishowen, and county of Do- 
negal. 

h Dunchadh, son of Aedh Slaine." A. D. 658. 
Duncat, mac Aedo Slaine, mortuus est." Ann. 
UK. 

' Dima Dvbh. " A. D. 558. Dimmaingert, 
Episcopus Condire, et Cummine, Episcopus 
n-Aendroma, mortui sunt." Ann. Ult. 

k Daimhinis: i.e. Devenish, in Lough Erne, 
near the town of Enniskillen, in the county of 
Fermanagh. 

1 Eochaidh, son of Blathmac." A. D. 659- 
Mart Echdach mic Blaithmicc." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 656. Eaghagh mac Blathmac, son of 
King Hugh Slane, died." Ann. Clon. 



AiW, $c. " A. D. 656. Aillill, macDonogh, 
mac Hugh Slane, died." Ann. Clon. 

" Conall Cranndamhna " A. D. 659- Conall 
Crannamna moritur." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 656. Conell Cranndawna died." 
Ann. Clon. 

" Faelan, chief of Osraighe " A. D. 656. 
Foylan, King of Ossorie, was killed by the 
Lynstermen." Ann. Clon. 

P Ceann-garadh. This church is described 
in the Feilire-Aenguis; at 10th August, as in 
Gallgaedhela, in Alba or Scotland. Three saints 
of this place are set down in O'Clery's Irish 
Calendar; 1. Daniel, Bishop, at 1 8th February ; 
2. Colum, at 1st March ; and 3. Blaan, at 10th 

August See also Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, 

p. 234. 

' Finan, $c." A. D. 659. Obitus Finnani, 



270 



Riohachca 



[660. 



mac l?imfba, eppcop, Decc. Colman ^linne Da locha Decc an Dapa la Do 
Oecembep. 

Cloip Cpiopc, pe ceo peapccac. Qn cffpamab bliabam Do Oiapmair ~\ 
DO blacmac. 8. Caibgfno, mac baoich, 6 Cluain pfpca TTlolua, 065 an 12 
lanuapn. Conaing Ua Oamc, abb Imlecha lobaip, Decc. lomaipecc i nOjam- 
ain, oc Cinn Copbaoam, la mumcip Oiapmaca, mic QoDha Slaine, .1. Oncu, 
mac Sapdin, 1 TTlaolmiolchon,-] Cacupach, mac Gimme, pop blachmac, mac 
Ctooha Slaine, maijfn in po mapbab Conaing, mac Conjaile, mic Qoba Slaine, 
-] Ullran, mac Gpname, coipech Ciannachca, -\ Cennpaolab, mac 5^] 1C1D1 ' 
coipech Ciarioacca CtpDDa, -] paolchu mac ITlaeleumha. 

TTIaoloviin, mac Clooha benndin, Oecc. TTlaonach, mac pingin, pi TTluman, 
oecc. TTlaelouin, mac pupabpain, coipech Ouplaip, Decc. TTlaolpuacoij, 
mac Gpnaine, coipech Cianoacca, Do mapbab. S. Uomene, mac l?onam, 
eppcop Gpoa TTlacha, Decc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo pepccac a haon. Qn cdicceaD bliabam Do Oiap- 
maic i blacmac. 8. Cummine PODO, mac piachna, eppcop Cluana pfpca 



Episcopi, filii Eimedo ; et Colman Glinne da 
locha quievit ; et Daniel Episcopus Cinngarad." 
Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 656. Fynian mac Eivea Bushop, died. 
Colman of Glendalogha died ; and Daniel, Bu- 
shop of Kingarie, died." Ann. Clon. 

r Laidhgeann. " A. D. 660. Conainn, nepos 
Daint, abbas Imlecho Ibair, et Laidggenn sapiens, 
mac Baith Bannaig, defuncti sunk" Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 657. Conyng O'Dynt, abbot of Im- 
leagh-Iver, died." Ann. Clon. 

The festival of this Laidhgenn is set down in 
the Feilire- Aenguis and all the Irish Martyrolo- 
gies, at 12th January See Colgan's Acta SS., 
p. 57, and p. 58, n. 9- It is stated in O'Clery's 
Irish Calendar, that he died in 660, and was 
buried at Cluain-fearta-Molua [now Clonfert- 
mulloe or Kyle, at the foot of Slieve Bloom, in 
Upper Ossory]. 

* Ogamhain at Ceann-Corbadain.-Not identified. 

"A. D. 661. Bettum Ogomain, ubi ceciderunt 
Conaing mac Congaile, et Ul tan -mac Ernaine, 



rex Cianachte, et Cennfaelad mac Gertride. 
Blamac mac Aedo victus est." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 658. The battle of Ogawyn at Kin- 
corbadan, where Conaing mac Kenoyle, mac 
Hugh Slane, was killed, and Ultan mac Ernany, 
King of Kynnaghty; in which battle King 
Blathmack was quite overthrown by the army 
of Dermot mac Hugh Slane ; Onchowe mac 
Saran" [Moylmilchon and Cahasagh mac Evin] 
" were the principal actors." Ann. Clon. 

1 Maddidn." A. D. 658. Moyldwyne, son 
of Hugh Beannan, died." Ann. Clon. 

This Maelduin fought in the battle of Magh- 
Rath on the side of the Monarch Domhnall, 
son of Aedh See Battk ofMagh Rath, pp. 22, 
23, 278. 

" Maenach " A. D. 661. Maenach mac 

Fingin, mic Aedh Duib, mic Crimthainn, mic 
Feidlimid, mic Aengusa, mic Nadfraich, rex 
Human, mortuus est." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 658. Moynagh mac Fynin, King of 
Mouuster, died." Ann. Clon. 






660.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



271 



Rimeadh, a bishop, died. Colman, of Gleann-da-locha, died on the second day 
of December. 

The Age of Christ, 660. The fourth year of Diarmaid and Blathmac. 
St. Laidhgeann r , son of Baeth, of Cluain-fearta-Molua, died on the 12th of 
January. Conaing Ua Daint, Abbot of Imleach Ibhair [Emly], died. A battle 
[was gained] at Ogamhain, at Ceann-Corbadain 8 , by the people of Diarmaid, son 
of Aedh Slaine, namely, Onchu, son of Saran, Maelmilchon, and Cathasach, 
son of Eimhin, over Blathmac, son of Aedh Slaine, in which were slain Conaing, 
son of Conall, son of Aedh Slaine ; Ulltan, son of Ernaine, chief of Cianachta ; 
Ceannfaeladh, son of Geirtidi, chief of Cianachta- Arda ; and Faelchu, son of 
Maelumha. 

Maelduin*, son of Aedh Beannan, died. Maenach", son of Finghin, King of 
Munster, died. Maelduin, son of Furadhran", chief of Durlas*, died. Mael- 
fuataigh y , son of Ernaine, chief of Cianachta, was slain. St. Tomene 7 ', son of 
Ronan, Bishop of Ard-Macha [Armagh], died. 

The Age of Christ, 661. The fifth year of Diarmaid and Blathmac. 
St. Cummine Foda", son of Fiachna, Bishop of Cluainfearta-Breanainn[Clonfert], 



" Maelduin, son ofFuradhran "A. D. 661. 
Socius Diarmodo Maelduin mac Furudrain, mic 
Becce, mortuus est." Ann. Ult. 

1 Durlas. This, which is otherwise written 
Derlas or Dearlas, was the name of a fort and 
district in the county of Antrim See note *, 
under A. D. 1215, p. 187. 

' Maelfuataigh " A. D. 661. Jugulatio Mael- 

fuathaig, filii Ernani." Ann. UU. 

* St. Tomene. " A. D. 660. Tommene, Epis- 
copus Ardmachce, defunctus est." Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 657. Tomyn, Abbot and Bushop of 
Ardmach, died." Ann. Clon. 

Colgan has collected all that is known of this 
prelate in his Acta Sanctorum, at 10th January, 
pp. 53, 54. It is said that he was the most 
learned of his countrymen, in an age most fruit- 
ful of learned men, See Bede, lib. ii. c. 19 ; 
Ussher's Primord., p. 936 ; and Harris's edition 
of Ware's Bishops, pp. 39, 40. 

Cummine Foda : i. e. Cummine the Long or 



Tall. "A. D. 661. Anno Ixxii. etatis Cummeni 
Foda, et Saran nepos Certain Sapientis, dormie- 
runt." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 658. Comyn Foda, in the 72nd year 
of his age, died. St. Saran mac Cridan (Supun 
6 chij Sapain), died." Ann. Clon. 

The festival of Cummine Foda, who was born 
in the year 592 (Ussher, Primord., p. 972), is 
marked in the Feilire-Aenguis, and the O'Clerys' 
Irish Calendar at 12th November. He was of 
the tribe of Eoghanacht Locha Lein in Kerry. 
Colgan has the following note upon him in his 
Annotatiqns on the Life of St. Molagga, at 20th 
January, Acta Sanctorum, p. 149, n. 7: 

" S. Cominus Fada sen Longus, c. 3. Fuit vir 
celebratse sanctitatis et genere illustrissimo : 
fuit enim filius Fiachna, filii Fiachrii Occiden- 
talis Momoniae Principis, discipulus S. Itse ab 
infantia, postea a Guario filio Colmani Connaciw 
Eege, et ex parte matris fratre, juxta dicta, n. 4, 
accersitus in Connaciam, factus ibi est EpiSCopus 



272 



[662. 



bpfnomn, oecc in Dapa la 065 DO Nouembep. Colman Ua Cluapaig, oioe 
Cummine, po paib na poinnpi : 

Ni beip Luimnech pop a opuim, Depil ITluimnech ilLech Cuinn, 

TTIapban in noi ba piu DO, Do Cummine mac piachno. 

TTla DO reijfoh neach Dap muip, peipeao hi puiDe n5pi5 ai P> 

THaD a hGpi ni buf Do, inge Cumine PODO. 

ITlo curhapa lap cCumine, on lo po poilgeo a ape, 

Coi mocuil nip ningaipfb, Oopo gaill mp nofpach a bapc. 

S. Colman Ua Cluapaij Oecc. 3. Sapan Ua Cpiocam Oecc. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo pepccac a Do. Qn peipeao bliaoain Do Oiapmair 
1 DO blacmac. Sesan TTlac hUf Cuinn, abb bfnDcaip. Cuenocc, mac pion- 
rain, abb pfpna. InDepcaij eppcop, Oimma eppcop. J5 ua 'P e (' CtiDne) 
mac Colmam, pi Connacr Decc. Rob lonann maraip DO ^uaipe -] DO Caim- 
mine Inpi Celcpa, amail apbfpap : 

Cumman, injfn Oallbponaij, maraip Caimmfn ip 
TTloippeipfp ap peachcmojar, ap peo po gfnaip uaire. 



Cluainfertensis, quo munere prasclare functus 
hac vita piissime defunctus est an. Christ! 661, 
2 Decembris" [recte, 12 Novembris] "juxta 
Annales Dungallenses. Verum S. ^Engussius 
in suo festilogio, Marianus, et jEngussius auctus 
dicunt ejus Natalem celebrari 22 Novembris" 
[recte, 12 Novembris]. "Ejus acta, seu potius 
panegyricum de eo scripsit S. Colmanus O-CLua- 
saig ejus magister. Vide ejus genealogiam apud 
Menologium Genealogicum, c. 34, et plura de 
ipso in actis Comdhani et Conalli Idiotarum ; in 
quibus in apographo, quod vidi, inter plura vera, 
qusedam apochrypha et fabulosa, maxime de 
S. Declano et Molagga referuntur, &c." 

b The Luimneach This was the old name of 
the Lower Shannon. These verses, which are 
very obscure, seem to allude to the fact of St. 
Cummine Foda having died in Munster, and his 
body having been conveyed in a boat up the 
Shannon to his episcopal church of Clonfert, in 
the county of Gal way, to be there interred. Dr. 



O'Conor says that his Acts, written in Irish 
metre by his tutor, O'Seasnain, who died in 661 
[665], are extant in an old vellum manuscript 
in the Stowe Library. 

Colman Ua Cluasaigh He was the tutor 
of St. Cummine Foda, and the author of the 
panegyric just referred to. See O'Reilly's Ca- 
talogue of Irish Writers, p. 45. 

d Saran. He is the patron saint of Tisaran, 
in the barony of Garrycastle, in the King's 
County See note s , under the year 1541, 
p. 1461. 

e Segan " A. D. 662. Quies Segain mice 

U Chuind, Abbotts Bennchair. Mors Guaire 
Aidhne. Tuenog, jttius Fintain, Abbas Fernann ; 
Indercach Episcopus, Dim&Episcopus quiescunt." 
Ann. Ult. 

"A. D. 659. Segan Mac Ikwind, Abbot of 
Beanchor, 'died. Tuenoc, Abbot of Femes, 
Dearky, and Dima, two Bishops, died." Ann. 
Clon. 



662.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 273 

died .on the twelfth day of November. Colman-Ua-Clasaigh, the tutor of Cum- 
mine, composed these verses : 

The Luimneach b did not bear on its bosom, of the race of Munster, into Leath- 

Chuinn, 

A corpse in a boat so precious as he, as Cummine, son of Fiachna. 
If any one went across the sea, to sojourn at the seat of Gregory [Rome], 
If from Ireland, he requires no more than the mention of Cumine Foda. 
I sorrow after Cumine, from the day that his shrine was covered ; 
My eyelids have been dropping tears ; I have not laughed, but mourned since 

the lamentation at his barque. 

St. Colman Ua Cluasaigh", died. St. Saran d Ua Critain died. 

The Age of Christ, 662. The sixth year of Diarmaid and Bkthmac. 
Segan e Mac hUi-Chuinn, Abbot of Beannchair [Bangor] ; Tuenog, son of Fin tan, 
Abbot of Fearna; Indearcaigh, a bishop; Dimma, a bishop; Guaire' (i.e. 
Aidhne), son of Colman, King of Connaught, died. Guaire and Caimin, of 
Inis-Cealtra g , had the same mother, as is said : 

Cumman, daughter of Dallbronach h , was the mother of Caimin and Guaire ; 
Seven and seventy was the number born of her. 

' Guaire This King of Connaught, who is so Connaught, of Crimhthann, son of Aedh, King of 

celebrated by the Irish poets for his unbounded Leinster, and of Cuanna, son of Cailchine, chief of 

hospitality and munificence, is the common an- Fermoy See Ada Sanctorum, p. 148, n. 4. In 

cestor of the families of O'Heyne, O'Clery, Mac the Life of St. Caimin, at 24th March, Colgan 

Gillakelly, and other families of Aidhne, in the states that Caimin and Guaire were half bro- 

county of Galway ; but not of O'Shaughnessy, thers, and quotes the above passage from the 

as is usually asserted. See Genealogies, Tribes, Four Masters, as follows : 
#c., of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 54 ; and the Genealo- " Fratrem habuit germanum Guarium, fyc. Ita 

gical Table in the same work. Quatuor Magistri in Annalibus ad annum 662, 

* Inii-Cealtra. See note a , under 548, p. 187, dicentes : Guarius Adhnensis', jttius Colmani, Rex 

supra. Colgan says that the name of the mother Connacue obiit. Cumania filia Dalbronii fuit 

of Guaire Aidhne was Mugania ; but he quotes mater ipsius et S. Camini de Inis-Keltra : de qua 

the tract on the Mothers of the Irish Saints, vetus author scribit Cumania filia Dalbronii, 

written by Aengus Ceile De, in which she is mater Camini et Guarii : et ex ejus semine 

called Eima filia Fiacha, and in which it is prodiisse feruntur septuaginta septem utique 

stated that she was the mother of Cumine sancti, ut colligitur ex Vita S. Forannani data 

Foda; of Comdan mac Chearda, of Brecan, of 15 Februarii." Acta Sanctorum, p. 747. 

Dairinis, of Guaire, sou of Colman, King of h Daughter of Dallbronach There was a 

2N 



274 



[663. 



Conatl i Colccu, od mac Dorhnaill, mic Gooha, mic Ginmipech, DO map- 
bab la CeippcfnD. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo peapccac acpi. Qn peaccmab bliabain Do Oiap- 
maic ~\ Do blaumac. baocan, TTlac Ua Copbmaic, abb Cluana mic Noip, 
Decc. Oo Conmaicnib mapa a cenel. Combdn mac Cucheanne, bfpach, ab 
bfiiDcaip, Cfpnach Socal, mac Oiapmacca, mic Qo6a Sldme, oecc (imaille 
pip an nopuirij pempdice) DO mopclab cuapgaib i nGpinn hi Itallainn Qugupc 
na bliabnapa hi TTluijh locha, hi pocapcaib. 

Qoip Cpiopr, pe ceo peapccac acfcaip. TTlopclab abbal Do beich in 
nGpinn in bliabainpi Da ngoipa an 6ui6e Connaill, i po ecpar in Dpong po DO 



mound on or near the Hill of Tara called Fossa 
Dallbronig. Betham's Antiq. Researches, App. 
p. xxxiv. This quatrain is quoted from Marian 
Gorman by Colgan, in a note to the Life of St. 
Faraman at 15th February (Ada Sanctorum, 
p. 339, n. 17), where he translates it : 

" Ex solo semine Cuimine, fyc. Aliis Cumaine, 
fuit filia Dalbronii, et Soror Brothsechse, matris 
S. Brigidaj, fceminse ob progeniem numerosam et 
sanctam, nostris hystoriis, valde celebratam : in 
quibus lego septuaginta septem Sanctorum albo 
adscriptos, ex semine prodiisse feminse, juxta 
vulgatum carmen a Mariano Gormano, ejusve 
Scholiaste compositum: 

" Cumain inghean Dattbronuigh, mathair Chaimin 

is Guaire 
Moirsheiser ar sheacMmogad, aseadh genuir 

uaidfie. 

Cumania Jttia Dalbronii mater Camini et Gtuarii, 
Septem et Septuaginta ex ea prodierunt. Ex 

ejus nempe semine." 

' Conall and Colgu " A. D. 662. Jugulatio 

duorum JUiorum Domhnaill filii Aedo .i. Conall, 
et Colga." Ann. Ult. 

k Baetan "A. D. 663. Baetan maccu Cor- 

maicc, abbas Cluano, obiit." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 660. Boyhan Mac Cowcormick died, 
&c." Ann. Clon. 



1 Conmaicne-mara : i. e. the inhabitants of 
Connamara, or the barony of Ballynahinch, in 
the north-west of the county of Galway See 
O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 46 ; and Har- 
diman's edition of O'Flaherty's lar-Connaught, 
pp. 31, 92, &c. 

m Comdhan Maccutheanne. "A. D. 663. Com- 
gan Maccuitemne obiit." Ann. Ult. 

" A. D. 660. Cowgan Maccu thenne died, &c." 
Ann. Clon. 

He was probably the brother of Muirchu 
Maccuthennius, who wrote a Life of St. Patrick 
from the dictation of Aidus, Bishop of Sletty, 
as stated in the Book of Armagh, fol. 20, b. 1. 

" Bearach " A. D. 663. Berach, abb Benchair, 
obiit." Ann. Ult. 

Cearnach Sotal: i. e. Cearnach, the Arrogant 
or Haughty. The Annals of Ulster agree in 
the date of his death with the Four Masters, 
but the Annals of Clonmacnoise enter it under 
660. 

p Magh-Itha, in Fotharta. This was a plain in 
the barony of Forth, in the south-east of the 
county of Wexford See note % under A. M. 
2550, p. 8, supra. The first appearance of this 
plague is noticed in the Annals of Ulster under 
the year 663, but incorrectly, under 660, in the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, as follows : 

" A. D. 663. Tenebre in Kalendis Maii in ix. 



663.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



275 



Conall and Colgu 1 , two sons of Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, 
were slain by Ceirrceann. 

The Age of Christ, 663. The seventh year of Diarmaid and Blathmac. 
Baetan k Mac-Ua-Cormaic, Abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, died. He was of the sept 
of Conmaicne-mara 1 . Comdhan Maccutheanne" 1 ; Bearach", Abbot of Beann- 
chair ; Cearnach Sotal , son of Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine, died, together 
with the aforesaid persons, of a mortality which arose in Ireland, on the Calends 
of the August of this year, in Magh-Itha, in Fotharta p . 

The Age of Christ, 664. A great mortality prevailed in Ireland this year, 
which was called the Buidhe Connail* 1 , and the following number of the saints 



hora, et in eadem estate celum ardescere visum est. 
Mortalitas in Hibernia pervenit in Kalendis Au- 
gusti, &c. &c. In campo Ito in Fothart exarsit 
mortalitas primo in Hibernia. A morte Patricii 
cciii. Prima nwrtalitas cxii." Ann. Uti. 

" A. D. 660. There was great darkness in the 
ninth hour of the day, in the month of May, in 
the Calends, and the firmament seemed to burn, 
the same summer, with extream heat. There 
was great mortality through the whole king- 
dom, which began in Moynith " [in Leinster], 
" the first of August this year, &c., &c. From 
the death of St. Patrick to this mortality, there 
was two hundred and three years." Ann. Clon. 

q Buidhe- Connail. This term is explained 
"icteritia vel aurigo, id est abundantia flavae 
bilis per corpus effusa?, hominemque pallidum 
reddentis," by Philip O'Sullivan Beare, in his 
translation of the Life of St. Mochua, of Balla, 
published, by Colgan (Acta SS., 30th March, 
p. 790, c. 18). This plague is also mentioned 
by Bede in his Ecclesiastical History, who 
writes that, "in the year 664, a sudden pesti- 
lence" [called the yellow plague] "depopulated 
the southern coasts of Britain, and afterwards, 
extending into the province of the Northum- 
brians, ravaged the country far and near, and 
destroyed a great multitude of men. He also 
states that it did no less harm in the island of 

2N 



Ireland, where many of the nobility and of the 
lower ranks of the English nation were, at the 
time, either studying theology or leading monas- 
tic lives, the Scoti supplying them with food, and 
furnishing them with books and their teaching 
gratis. In an ancient Life of St. Gerald of Mayo, 
published by Colgan at 13th March, this pesti- 
lence is called in Irish* Budhe Connaill, which is 
translated Flava Icteritia : " Hsec enim infirmi- 
tas in hibernico dicitur Budhe Connaill. Hac 
enim pestilentia mortui sunt tot homines, quod 
non remansit tertia pars populi." Acta Sanc- 
torum, p. 601, c. 13. To this Colgan writes the 
following note : 

"De viris sanctis, Eegibus, multisque aliis 
hac mortalite extinctis ita scribunt Quatuor 
Magistri in Annalibus ad annum 664 : Ingens 
hoc anno fuit in Hibernia mortalitas quse Buidhe 
Chonnuill (.i. flava Icteritia, sive Ictericiades) 
vulgo appellatur, qua plurimi ex ckro et populo, 
et inter olios sequentes sancto extincti sunt: St. 
Fechinus, Abbas Foveriensis; S. Ronanus filius 
Berachi ; S. Aileranus cognomento sapiens; S. 
Cronanus, filius Silnei ; S. Manchanus de Lieth ; 
S. Ultanus filius Hua Congee, abbas de Cluain- 
eraird ; S. Colmanus Cassius, Abbas de Cluain- 
muc-nois ; et S. Cumineus, Abbas de Cluain-muc- 
nois. Item Dermitius et Blathmacus, duofilii Aidi 
Slane, postquam annis octo in Hibernia corregna- 

2 



276 



emeaNN. 



[665. 



naorhaib' Gpeann 01, S. peichm, abb pobaip, 14 pebpuapn, 8. Ronan, mac 
bfpoij, S. Qilepan mo fjna, 8. Cponan mac Silne, 8. TTlanchan Leche, 8. Ul- 
can ITlac hUi Cunja, abb Cluana hlopcnpD, 8. Colman Cap, abb Cluana mic 
Noip, i Cummine abb Cluana mic Noip. lap mbfir ochc mbliaDna i pije 
nGpeann DO Oiapmaic -\ blacmac, Da mac Qor>ha Sldine, acbaracap Don 
mopclao cecna. l?o cacaimpfc beop TTlaolbpfpail, mac TTlaeiliDuin, ~| Cu- 
cenmachaip, pi TDuman. Qonjup UlaD. Gcbailpfc iliomar Decclaip-j Do 
cuaic i nGpinn Don mopclaiD hipin cenmocacpiDe. Oichgpein an rpeap la 
DO TTlan. 

Qoip Cpiopc, pe ceo pfpccac acuicc. Qn ceiD blia&ain Do Seachnupach, 
mac blacmaic, hi pighe nGpeann. baeichin, abb bCnocaip, Decc. Qilill 
piano Gappa, mac Oomnaill, mic Qo&a, mic Qinmipech, Decc. maolcaoich, 
mac ScanDail, roipech Cpuichne Do pliocr Ip, Decc. GochaiD laplaire, pi 



runt, eadem extincti sunt ; Item Maelbressail, 
jttius Modduini ; Gains, cognomento Ganmathair, 
Rex Momonias ; Aengussius Ultonice, et prater hos 
alii innumeri de clero et populo Hibernim interie- 
runt." Trias Thaum., p. 603, n. 14. Concerning 
this mortality, " qua; nostris temporibus terra- 
rum orbem, bis ex parte vastaverat majore," 
see Vit. Columb., lib. ii. c. 46, where Adamnan 
remarks that the Picts and Scoti of Britain 
were not visited by it. 

These obits are entered in the Annals of Ul- 
ster tinder the year 664, but in the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise under 661, which is incorrect. 

' Fobhar. Now Fore, in the county of West- 
meath See note s , under the year 1176, p. 22. 

" On the 14th of February Dr. 0' Conor says 
that these words are in a more modern hand 
in the Stowe copy. St. Fechin of Fore died on 
the 20th of January, at which day Colgan gives 
his Life. 

* St. Aileran the Wise. He is supposed by 
Colgan to be the author of the fourth Life of 
St. Patrick, published in Trias Thaum., pp. 35 
to 47- 

" St. Manchan of Liath : i. e. of Liath-Man- 



chain, now Lemanaghan, in the barony of Gar- 
rycastle, King's County. See note on Tuaim 
nEirc, A. D. 645, and note on Liath-Manchain, 
under 1531. The death of St. Manchan is en- 
tered in the Annals of Clonmacnoise under the 
year 661, where the translator interpolates the 
following remark : 

" And because the Coworbes of Saint Man- 
chan say that he was a Welshman, and came to 
this kingdome at once with" [i. e. along with] 
" Saint Patrick, I thought good here to sett 
downe his pedigree to disprove their allegations. 
Manchan was son of Failve, who was son of 
Angine, who was son of Bogany, who was son 
of Conell Golban, the ancestor of O'Donnell, as 
is confidently laid down among the Genealogies 
of the Saints of Ireland." 

In the Genealogies of the Irish Saints, com- 
piled by the O'Clerys, there is given the pedigree 
of a St. Manchan of the race of Conall Gulban, 
the ancestor of O'Donnell ; but he was not Man- 
chan of Leath-Manchain, for the pedigree of the 
latter is traced to Maelcroich, son of Rudhraighe 
Mor of Ulster. 

" Cu-gan-mathair. See the year 600, where 



665.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



277 



of Ireland died of it : St. Feichin, Abbot of Fobhar r , on the 14th of February 8 ; 
St. Ronan, son of Bearach ; St. Aileran the Wise'; St. Cronan, son of Silne ; 
St. Manchan, of Liath" ; St. Ultan Mac hUi-Cunga, Abbot of Cluain-Iraird 
[Clonard] ; Colman Gas, Abbot of Cluain-mic Nois ; and Cumrnine, Abbot of 
Cluain-mic-Nois. After Diarmaid and Blathraac, the two sons of Aedh Slaine, 
had been eight years in the sovereignty of Ireland, they died of the same plague. 
There died also Maelbreasail, son of- Maelduin, and Cu-gan-mathair w , King of 
Munster ; Aenghus Uladh. There died very many ecclesiastics and laics in 
Ireland of this mortality besides these. An eclipse of the sun* on the third day 
of May. 

The Age of Christ, 665. The first year of Seachnasach y , son of Blathmac, 
in the sovereignty of Ireland. Baeithin, Abbot of Beannchair [Bangor], died. 
Ailill Flann Easa, son of Domhnall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, died. Mael- 
caeich, son of Scannal, chief of the Cruithne [of Dal-Araidhe] of the race of Ir, 



the Four Masters have incorrectly noticed the 
death instead of the birth of this king. In the 
Life of St. Molagga, published by Colgan at the 
20th of March, the name of this king is written 
Caigan mathair, which Colgan translates vagitus 
seufletus sine matre ; and the writer of the Life 
states that he was so called because his mother 
died at his birth. In the Annals of Ulster, ad 
ann. 664, he is called Cu-cen-mathair, as above 
in the text, which may be translated Cam's sine 
matre. 

1 An eclipse of the sun. This eclipse of the 
sun, which really happened on the 1st of May, 
664, is mentioned by Bede in his Ecclesiastical 
History, lib. iii. c. 27, where he says that it 
happened in the year 664, on the 3rd of May, 
about ten o'clock in the morning. In the 
Saxon Chronicle it is noticed under 664, as 
having happened on the fifth, before the Nones 
of May. In the Annals of Ulster and the An- 
nals of Tighernach it is noticed under the year 
663, on which Dr. O'Conor writes the following 
remark in the Annals of Ulster, p. 55 : 

"Annales Anglo- Saxonici, Beda, Flor. Wigorn. 



et alii antiqui ac recentiores, in hac Eclrpsi en- 
arranda, duobus vel tribus diebus a veritate 
Astronomica aberrarunt. Tigernach, et Annales 
Ultonienses non solum diem, sed etiam horam ad 
unguem designant. V. Dissert. Prajlim. IV. 
Magistri ad ann. 664, inquiunt Dithgrein an 
treas la do Mai" [Eclipsis solis die tertia Mail]. 
" At quamvis magni aestimandi sint propter 
puritatem linguae Hibernicae, et propter vete- 
rum Hibernorum fragmenta metrica quse ex 
codicibus antiquis excerpta servaverunt, tamen 
in rebus Chronologicis valde deficere dolendum 
est; neque erit aliquis earum rerum Estimator 
tarn injustus, qui a nostra sententia dissentiat, 
si modo, a partium studiis alienus, notas quas his 
annalibus apposuimus, quasque fusius in Dissert., 
Prcelim. explicavimus diligenter perpendat." 

r Seachnasach The accession of this king is 
noticed in the Annals of Clonmacnoise at A. D. 
661, but the true year is 665, as marked by 
O'Flaherty in Ogygia, p. 431. 

" A. D. 661" [recte, 665] " Seachnassach, son 
of King Blathmack, began his reign, and was 
king five years.'* Ann. Clon. 



278 



[666. 



Cpuicne beop Decc. TTIaolouin, mac Scanoail, coipech Ceneoil Coipbpe, Decc. 
Ouib'inDpechc, mac Ounchabha, coipec hUa mbpiuin, Decc. Ceallach, mac 
^uaipe, Decc. Cach peipcp ecip Ulca ~] Cpuichne, Du in po mapbab Cach- 
upach, mac Laipcme. paolan, mac Colmam, pi Laijfn, Decc. 

Goip Cpiopc, pe ceo peapccac a pe. Qn Dapa bliabam Do Seachnupach. 
TTlopclaiD mop ipm mbbaoainpi, Dia po eccpac cfcpap abbaoh hi mbfnochaip 
UlaD, bfpach, Cummine, Colum, -i GoDan a nanmanDa. Cach Ctine ecip 
Gpaoha -\ Ui piDjfnce Du in po mapbaoh Gojan mac CpunDmail. bpan 
pionn, mac TTIaoileoccpaicch, coipeac na nOeipi TTIuman, Do r